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Encyclopedia > Eastern Cape
Eastern Cape
Oos-Kaap
Mpuma-Koloni
Coat of Arms of Western Cape Province
(In detail)
Location of Eastern Cape Province
Capital Bhisho
Largest city Port Elizabeth
Premier Nosimo Balindlela
Area
- Total
Ranked 2nd
169,580 km²
Population
 - Total (2001)
 - Density
Ranked 3rd
6,436,761
38/km²
Languages Xhosa (83%)
Afrikaans (9.6%) English (3.7%)
Ethnic composition Black (87.6%)
Coloured (7.4%)
Caucasian (4.7%)
Asian (0.3%)
edit

The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho. It was formed in 1994 out of the "independent" homelands of Transkei and Ciskei, as well as the eastern portion of the Cape Province. It is the traditional home of the Xhosa, and the birthplace of many prominent South Africans, such as Nelson Mandela, Thabo Mbeki, Steve Biko and Charles Coghlan. Image File history File links Eastern_Cape_coa. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 578 pixel Image in higher resolution (1146 × 828 pixel, file size: 20 KB, MIME type: image/png) // File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Eastern Cape Template... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... Bhisho, formerly known as Bisho, is the capital of the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. ... Port Elizabeth is a city in South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province, at 33°58′ S 25°36′ E. The city is located on Algoa Bay, and is one of the major seaports in South Africa. ... The following table presents a listing of Premiers of South African provinces. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... This is a list of South African provinces by area. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This is a list of South African provinces by population, based on data from the 2001 census. ... Xhosa (IPA: ) is one of the official languages of South Africa. ... Look up Wiktionary:Swadesh lists for Afrikaans and Dutch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article is about the color black; for other uses, see Black (disambiguation). ... In the South African and Namibian context, the term Coloured (also known as Bruinmense, Kleurlinge or Bruine Afrikaners) refers to a rather heterogeneous group of people of mixed Khoisan, white European descent, Malay, Malagasy, Black (Bantu), and South Indian ancestry, especially in the Western Cape. ... The 4th edition of Meyers Konversationslexikon (1885-1890) shows the Caucasian race (in blue) as comprising Aryans, Semites and Hamites. The Caucasian race (sometimes called the Caucasoid race) is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as, relating to a broad division of humankind covering peoples from Europe, western Asia, Middle... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Asian people. ... A map of the nine provinces of South Africa South Africa is currently divided into nine provinces. ... Bhisho, formerly known as Bisho, is the capital of the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. ... Flag of Transkei bantustan Political Map of South Africa prior to 1994 Transkei, as of 1978 The Transkei — which means the area beyond the Kei River — is a region situated in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. ... Ciskei Flag of Ciskei Ciskei was a Bantustan in the south east of South Africa. ... Under the Union of South Africa and after that under the Republic of South Africa, the old Cape Colony became the Cape of Good Hope Province (though it was commonly known as the Cape Province). ... The Xhosa (IPA ) people are a group of peoples of Bantu origins living in south-east South Africa, and in the last two centuries throughout the southern and central southern parts of the country. ... Mandela redirects here. ... Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (born June 18, 1942) is the President of the Republic of South Africa. ... Stephen Biko Stephen Bantu Biko (18 December 1946 – 12 September 1977) was a noted nonviolent anti-apartheid activist in South Africa in the 1960s and early 1970s. ... Sir Charles Patrick John Coghlan (24 June 1863 - 28 August 1927) was the first Premier of Southern Rhodesia and held office from October 1, 1923 until his death on August 28, 1927. ...

Contents

Geography

See also List of cities and towns in the Eastern Cape

The Eastern Cape gets progressively wetter from west to east. The west is mostly semi-arid Karoo, except in the far south, which is temperate rainforest in the Tsitsikamma region. The coast is generally rugged with interspersed beaches. Most of the province is hilly to very mountainous between Graaff-Reinet and Rhodes including the Sneeuberge (Afrikaans: Snow Mountains), Stormberge, Winterberge and Drakensberg (Afrikaans: Dragon Mountains). The highest point in the province is Ben Macdhui at 3001m. The east from East London towards the Kwa-Zulu Natal border is lush grassland with intermittent forest. This region, Transkei, is rolling hills punctuated by deep gorges. This is a list of cities and towns in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. ... The Karoo is a semi-desert region of South Africa. ... Graaff Reinet, a town in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, 185 miles by rail NW by N of Port Elizabeth. ... The Drakensberg Drakensberg Range from space, April 1993 Maluti mountains in Lesotho The Drakensberg (Afrikaans for Dragons Mountain) mountains are the highest in Southern Africa, rising up at Thabana Ntlenyana to 3,482 m (11,422 ft) in height. ... Ben Macdhui (also spelled Ben Macdui) is the highest mountain in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. ... KwaZulu-Natal (often referred to as KZN) is a province of South Africa. ... Flag of Transkei bantustan Political Map of South Africa prior to 1994 Transkei, as of 1978 The Transkei — which means the area beyond the Kei River — is a region situated in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. ...


Eastern Cape has a shoreline in the south on the South Indian Ocean. In the northeast, it borders the following districts of Lesotho: Rugged coast of the West Coast of New Zealand The coast is defined as the part of the land adjoining or near the ocean. ... The Indian Ocean is the third largest body of water in the world, covering about 20% of the Earths water surface. ... Lesotho is divided into 10 districts: Berea Butha-Buthe Leribe Mafeteng Maseru Mohales Hoek Mokhotlong Qachas Nek Quthing Thaba-Tseka. ...

Domestically, it borders the following provinces: Mohales Hoek is a district of Lesotho. ... Quthing is a district of Lesotho. ... Qachas Nek is a district of Lesotho. ...

Capital Cape Town Largest city Cape Town Premier Ebrahim Rasool Area - Total Ranked 4th 129,370 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 5th 4,524,335 35/km² Elevation Highest point: Seweweekspoort Peak at 2325 meters (7628 feet) Lowest point: sea level Languages Afrikaans (55. ... Northern Cape is a province of South Africa, created in 1994 when the Cape Province was split up. ... For the term free state as it arises in United States history, see: Free state. ... KwaZulu-Natal (often referred to as KZN) is a province of South Africa. ...

Climate

Climate is highly varied. The west is dry with scarse rain during winter of summer, with frosty winters and hot summers. The Tsitsikamma to Grahamstown receives more precipitation, which is also relatively evenly distributed and temperatures are mild. Further east, rainfall becomes more plentiful and humidity increases, becoming more subtropical along the coast with summer rainfall. The interior can become very cold in winter, with heavy snowfalls occurring at times in the mountainous regions between Molteno and Rhodes.

  • Port Elizabeth: Jan Max: 25ºC, Min: 18ºC; Jul Max: 20ºC, Min: 9ºC
  • Molteno & Barkly East: Jan Max 28ºC, Min 11ºC; Jul Max: 14ºC, Min: -7ºC

Tourism

The landscape is extremely diverse. The western interior is largely arid Karoo, while the east is well-watered and green. The Eastern Cape offers a wide array of attractions, including 800 km of untouched and pristine coastline along with some particularly splendid beaches, and "big-five" viewing in a malaria-free environment. The Karoo is a semi-desert region of South Africa. ... The phrase Big Five game was coined by big game hunters and refers to the five large mammals that were originally most sought in Africa. ... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease that is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions. ...


The Addo Elephant National Park, situated 73 km from Port Elizabeth, was proclaimed in 1931. Its 743 km² offers sanctuary to 170 elephants, the last Cape buffalo and 21 black rhino of the very scarce Kenyan sub-species. Cover of the Addo Elephant National Park Official Guide. ... Port Elizabeth is a city in South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province, at 33°58′ S 25°36′ E. The city is located on Algoa Bay, and is one of the major seaports in South Africa. ... Species Syncerus caffer Subspecies Syncerus is a genus of bovines found in Africa, the only extant member of which is the African Buffalo, or Cape Buffalo. ... Binomial name Diceros bicornis The Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) is a mammal of the Perissodactyla order which lives in the eastern areas of Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe. ...


The province is the location of South Africa's only ski resort, Tiffindell, which is situated in the Southern Drakensberg on the slopes of the highest mountain peak in the Eastern Cape (3001 m). The Drakensberg Drakensberg Range from space, April 1993 Maluti mountains in Lesotho The Drakensberg (Afrikaans for Dragons Mountain) mountains are the highest in Southern Africa, rising up at Thabana Ntlenyana to 3,482 m (11,422 ft) in height. ...


The National Arts Festival, held in Grahamstown is Africa's largest and most colourful cultural event, offering a choice of the very best of both indigenous and imported talent. Every year for 11 days the town's population almost doubles, as over 50,000 people flock to the region for a feast of arts, crafts and sheer entertainment. Grahamstown from Fort Selwyn Grahamstown is a city in the Eastern Cape Province of the Republic of South Africa and is the seat of the Makana municipality. ...


The Tsitsikamma National Park is an 80 km long coastal strip between Nature's Valley and the mouth of the Storms River. In the park the visitor finds an almost untouched natural landscape. Near the park is the Bloukrans Bridge, which is the world's highest bungee jump. The Tsitsikamma National Park is a coastal reserve on the Garden Route in South Africa. ...


Jeffreys Bay is an area with some of the country's wildest coastline, which is backed by some of Africa's most spectacular sub-tropical rainforest. Famous for its "supertubes", probably South Africa's longest and most consistently good wave, it's charged with a surf vibe as relaxed as it is friendly, and this tends to soften the effect of the wealthy set who have made this part of the coast their own. The world famous surf spot, Supertubes, in Jeffreys Bay. ...


Aliwal North, lying on a splendid agricultural plateau on the southern bank of the Orange River, is one of the country's most popular inland resorts and is famous for its hot springs. Aliwal North is a town on the Orange River, in central South Africa. ... The Orange River is the major river in South Africa. ...


The rugged and unspoilt Wild Coast is a place of spectacular scenery, and a graveyard for many vessels. The Wild Coast can refer to: The Wild Coast, a coastal region of South Africas Eastern Cape Province The Wild Coast, a fictional region located in the World of Greyhawk campaign setting for the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game. ...


Economy

The Eastern Cape remains one of the poorest provinces in South Africa. This is largely due to the extreme poverty found in the former homelands, where subsistence agriculture predominates. The two major industrial centres, Port Elizabeth and East London have well-developed economies, based on the automotive industry. General Motors and Volkswagen both have major assembly lines in the Port Elizabeth area, while East London is dominated by the large DaimlerChrysler plant. The largest construction project in Africa is currently underway at Coega, about 20 km north of Port Elizabeth, where a new harbour is being built. It is expected that this development will give the province a major economic boost. Port Elizabeth is a city in South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province, at 33°58′ S 25°36′ E. The city is located on Algoa Bay, and is one of the major seaports in South Africa. ... East London (Afrikaans: Oos-Londen, Xhosa: Imonti) is a city in southeast South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province at 32. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... Volkswagen AG (ISIN: DE0007664005), or VW, is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg, Germany. ... DaimlerChrysler AG (ISIN: DE0007100000) headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, Auburn Hills, Michigan, USA and Japan is a prominent automobile and truck manufacturer and financial services provider (through DaimlerChrysler Financial Services). ... The Coega Industrial Development Zone (IDZ) covering 11 000 hectares of land, situated in the Nelson Mandela Municipality, Eastern Cape province of South Africa near Port Elizabeth. ...

Map showing predominant home languages in the province.
Map showing predominant home languages in the province.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 566 pixel Image in higher resolution (943 × 667 pixel, file size: 92 KB, MIME type: image/gif) All Stats SA products are protected by copyright. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 566 pixel Image in higher resolution (943 × 667 pixel, file size: 92 KB, MIME type: image/gif) All Stats SA products are protected by copyright. ... Geographical distribution of South African languages. ...

Formation

The Eastern Cape as a South African Province came into being in 1994 and incorporated areas from the former homelands of the Transkei and Ciskei as well as what was then the Cape Province. This resulted in several anomalies including the fact that the Province has four superior courts (at Grahamstown, Port Elizabeth, Bhisho and Mthatha) and enclaves of Kwa-Zulu Natal in the province. The later anomaly has fallen away with the amendments to municipal and provincial boundaries. Flag of Transkei bantustan Political Map of South Africa prior to 1994 Transkei, as of 1978 The Transkei — which means the area beyond the Kei River — is a region situated in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. ... Ciskei Flag of Ciskei Ciskei was a Bantustan in the south east of South Africa. ...


Municipalities

The Eastern Cape Province is divided into 46 municipalities:

  • Aberdeen Plain Municipality
  • Alfred Nzo Municipality
  • Amahlathi Municipality
  • Amatole Municipality
  • Baviaans Municipality
  • Blue Crane Route Municipality
  • Buffalo City Municipality (East London, Mdantsane and King William's Town)
  • Cacadu Municipality
  • Camdeboo Municipality
  • Chris Hani Municipality
  • Elundini Municipality
  • Emalahleni Municipality
  • Ngcobo Municipality
  • Gariep Municipality
  • Great Kei Municipality
  • Ikwezi Municipality
  • Inkwanca Municipality
  • Intsika Yethu Municipality
  • Inxuba Yethemba Municipality
  • King Sabata Dalindyebo Municipality
  • Kouga Municipality
  • Kou-Kamma Municipality
  • Lukanji Municipality
  • Makana Municipality
  • Maletswai Municipality
  • Mbhashe Municipality
  • Mbizana Municipality
  • Mhlontlo Municipality
  • Mnquma Municipality
  • Ndlambe Municipality Municipality
  • Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Municipality (Port Elizabeth, Uitenhage & Despatch)
  • Ngqushwa Municipality
  • Nkonkobe Municipality
  • Ntabankulu Municipality
  • Nxuba Municipality
  • Nyandeni Municipality
  • O.R. Tambo Municipality
  • Port St. Johns Municipality
  • Quakeni Municipality
  • Sakhisizwe Municipality
  • Senqu Municipality
  • Sunday's River Valley
  • Tsolwana Municipality
  • Ukhahlamba Municipality
  • Umzimkhulu Municipality
  • Umzimvubu Municipality

External links


edit Eastern Cape Province of South Africa Eastern Cape Coat of Arms
Capital Bhisho
Regions Amatola | Northern | Western | Wild Coast
Cities Port Elizabeth | East London | Mthatha
Largest towns Uitenhage | Port Alfred | Bhisho | Graaff-Reinet | Jeffreys Bay | Grahamstown
Municipalities Metropolitan: Nelson Mandela Municipality
District: Cacadu | Amatole | Chris Hani | Ukhahlamba | O.R. Tambo | Alfred Nzo
Local: Camdeboo | Blue Crane Route | Ikwezi | Makana | Ndlambe | Sunday's River Valley | Baviaans | Kouga | Kou-Kamma | Mbhashe | Mnquma | Great Kei | Amahlathi | Buffalo City | Ngqushwa | Nkonkobe | Nxuba | Inxuba Yethemba | Tsolwana | Inkwanca | Lukanji | Intsika Yethu | Emalaheni | Engcobo | Sakhisizwe | Elunduni | Senqu | Maletswai | Gariep | Mbizana | Ntabankulu | Qaukeni | Port St. Johns | Nyandeni | Mhlontlo | King Sabata Dalindyebo | Umzimvubu | Matatiele

  Results from FactBites:
 
Eastern Cape Province - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (608 words)
The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa.
The Eastern Cape offers a wide array of attractions, including 800 km of untouched and pristine coastline along with some of the world's best beaches, and "big-five" viewing in a malaria-free environment.
The Eastern Cape remains one of the poorest provinces in South Africa.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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