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Encyclopedia > Eastern Airlines

For the Chinese airline, see China Eastern Airlines. China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (中国东方航空股份有限公司) is an airline based in Shanghai, China. ...


Eastern Airlines was a United States airline company that existed from the late 1920s until 1991. A Boeing 747-400 of Virgin Atlantic Airways, one of the UKs largest airlines. ...

Contents


History

Eastern Air Lines began life on April 19, 1926 as Pitcairn Aviation. Pitcairn won a government contract to fly the US Mail between New York City and Atlanta, Georgia, operating Mailwing single-engine aircraft. In 1929 Clement Keys, the owner of North American Aviation, purchased Pitcairn. In 1930 he changed the name to Eastern Air Transport, and it would soon be known as Eastern Airlines. April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the United States, and is at the center of international finance, politics, communications, music, fashion, and culture. ... City nickname(s): The A-T-L, The Horizon City, The Capital of the South, The Phoenix City, The City Too Busy to Hate, Hotlanta, A-Town, The Big A, The New York of the South, The Big Peach County Fulton County, Georgia Area  - Total  - Water 343. ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


In 1938, the airline was purchased by World War I flying ace, Eddie Rickenbacker. Rickenbacker pushed Eastern into a period of prodigious growth. Throughout the 1940s, competitors were acquired, more advanced planes were purchased and international routes were opened. By the 1950s, Eastern's propellers were very prominent up and down the East coast of the United States. 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Eddie Rickenbacker Edward Vernon (Eddie) Rickenbacker (October 8, 1890-July 27, 1973) was an American fighter pilot who flew in World War I. He was born Edward Rickenbacher in Columbus, Ohio to Swiss immigrants. ... Events and trends The 1940s were dominated by World War II, the most destructive armed conflict in history. ... Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium // Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the... Categories: US geography stubs ...


In 1960 Eastern's first jets, Douglas DC-8s arrived, allowing Eastern to open non-stop service from New York City's Idlewild International Airport to Los Angeles International Airport in Los Angeles, California. The DC-8s were joined in 1962 by a regional airliner, the Boeing 727. Around this time, Eastern started changing their plane's livery colors to include the dark blue hockey stick design, iconic in the airline industry. 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jet aircraft are aircraft with jet engines. ... The Douglas DC-8 is a four-engined jet airliner, manufactured between 1959 and 1972. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the United States, and is at the center of international finance, politics, communications, music, fashion, and culture. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA Airport Code: JFK, ICAO Airport Code: KJFK) is the main international airport in New York City, and is one of the largest airports in the world. ... This article is the most common use of LAX. For other uses, see LAX (disambiguation). ... The Downtown Los Angeles skyline as seen from Hollywood. ... 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sun Country 727 The Boeing 727 was, for a very long time, the most popular jet-liner in the world. ...


The 1970s brought dramatic changes in the configuration of Eastern Airlines. Internationalization began as Eastern opened routes to new markets such as Madrid, Mexico City, Santo Domingo, Nassau, Bahamas and London. Services from San Juan's Luis Munoz Marin International Airport were expanded, and Eastern bought the Lockheed L-1011 jet, which would become known in the Caribbean as El Grandote (the huge one). This article provides extensive lists of events and significant personalities of the 1970s. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ... Santo Domingo, population 2,061,200 (2003), is the capital of the Dominican Republic. ... For other uses, see Nassau (disambiguation). ... The Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster which contains Big Ben Tower Bridge at night A red double-decker bus crosses Piccadilly Circus. ... San Juan, the Spanish for Saint John, is a common toponym in parts of the world where Spanish is or was spoken: Argentina San Juan Province San Juan, Argentina, the capital of that province Cuba San Juan Hill Mexico San Juan, Campeche San Juan, Chihuahua San Juan, Coahuila San Juan... Executive Air dba American Eagle ATR-72 and American Airlines aircraft at Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport in April 2001 Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport in Carolina, Puerto Rico, is the islands main international gateway, and its main connection to the mainland United States. ... Orbital Sciences Stargazer Lockheed L-1011 The Lockheed L-1011 TriStar was the third widebody passenger jet airliner to reach the marketplace, following the Boeing 747 jumbo jet and the Douglas DC-10. ... Look up Caribbean in Wiktionary, the free dictionary African diaspora British Afro-Caribbean community Caribbean English Caribbean medical education CONCACAF Council on Hemispheric Affairs History of the Caribbean Indo-Caribbean List of islands in the Caribbean Music of the Caribbean Politics of the Caribbean Tourism in Caribbean West Indies Federation...


Boeing 747s, leased from Pan Am, were also introduced for a short time during that period, and Eastern became the official airline of Walt Disney World. Eastern's official ride at Disney's Magic Kingdom park was If You Had Wings. The Boeing 747, which is also known as the jumbo jet, is the largest passenger airliner in service. ... Cinderella Castle, at the center of the Magic Kingdom, is Walt Disney World Resorts most recognizable icon Introduction Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company, the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, USA is home to four theme parks, two water parks, several resort hotels and golf courses... If You Had Wings (June 5, 1972–June 1, 1987) was Eastern Airlines official ride at Walt Disney Worlds Magic Kingdom theme park. ...


During the 1970s, Eastern Airlines flights suffered several crashes, one of which became a subject for a Hollywood movie. Eastern Airlines Flight 401 was preparing to land in Miami, Florida in 1972, when the flight crew became distracted by a non-functioning gear light. While pre-occupied with fixing the light, the autopilot was inadvertently disengaged, allowing the plane to drift far below its planned flight path. The flight crashed in the Everglades, near the same site of the ValuJet Flight 592 DC-9 crash 23 years later. In Eastern's flight 401 case, it was rumored that the ghost of the pilot who flew that night was later seen on some Eastern planes that carried parts of the doomed plane. While this was largely an unproven legend, it was the subject of the movie The Ghost Of Flight 401. This article provides extensive lists of events and significant personalities of the 1970s. ... ... Eastern Airlines Flight 401 crashed into the Florida Everglades on the night of December 29, 1972, causing 98 fatalities. ... The Miami skyline, as it is seen from the northeast on Biscayne Bay. ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... An Anhinga perched on the boardwalk railing The Florida Everglades is a subtropical marshland located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of Florida, specifically in parts of Monroe, Collier, Palm Beach, Miami-Dade, and Broward counties. ... ValuJet Airlines is a defunct airline. ... A memorial plaque to three victims of the Flight 592 crash from Duluth, Georgia Valujet Flight 592 was a flight that flew from Miami International Airport in Miami, Florida to Hartsfield International Airport (now known as Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport) in Atlanta, Georgia. ... The Douglas DC-9 is a twin-engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names, still in production today as the Boeing 717. ... The word pilot has several meanings: In shipping, a pilot is someone who guides ships through the waters near a harbour, or especially narrow or otherwise dangerous coastal waters. ...


In 1975 Eastern Flight 66 (a Boeing 727) crashed on landing at JFK in New York City, killing 113 people. The official cause of the accident was wind shear, a phenomenon that affects the lifting capacity of an airplane's wing, and that can occur in severe weather conditions. 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... Eastern Airlines Flight 66, registration number N8845E was operating New Orleans-Moisant-New York Kennedy on the afternoon of June 24, 1975. ... Sun Country 727 The Boeing 727 was, for a very long time, the most popular jet-liner in the world. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (formerly Idlewild Airport and New York International Airport) is the main international airport in New York City, and is one of the largest airports in the world. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the United States, and is at the center of international finance, politics, communications, music, fashion, and culture. ... Wind shear is a difference in wind speed and/or direction between two points in the atmosphere. ...


The Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 aggravated its position, forcing Eastern into a competitive low-fare environment in which its high cost of operation put the airline at a decided disadvantage. Its all-important Atlanta hub placed it in direct competition with Delta Air Lines, a more profitable company that avoided labor wars and built a far-reaching route system through the acquisition of other carriers. President Jimmy Carter signs the Airline Deregulation Act. ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (IATA: ATL, ICAO: KATL) is located in the Atlanta, Georgia, USA metropolitan area, and is one of two airports considered the busiest airport in the world. ... Delta Air Lines (NYSE: DAL) (IATA: DL, ICAO: DAL, and Callsign: Delta) is a major U.S. airline headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, operating a large domestic and international network that spans North America, South America, Europe, and Asia. ...


Eastern was rolling along when the 1980s started, under its new president, former astronaut Frank Borman. In 1980, a Caribbean hub was inaugurated at San Juan, Puerto Rico (then still named Isla Verde International Airport). In 1982, Eastern acquired Braniff International's South American route network. And while this all was going on, Eastern enjoyed splitting their fleet between their "silver colored hockey stick" livery (the lack of paint reduced weight by a hundred pounds) and their "white colored hockey stick" livery (on its Airbus-manufactured planes, whose metallurgy required paint). // Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... U.S. Space Shuttle astronaut Bruce McCandless II using a manned maneuvering unit. ... Frank Borman (right) poses with Jim Lovell (left) and Bill Anders (center) for an Apollo 8 publicity photo Frank Borman (born March 14, 1928) was a NASA astronaut, best remembered as one of the three crewmembers of Apollo 8, the first mission to fly around the Moon. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... San Juan is the capital city of Puerto Rico. ... 1982 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... One of many different airplane livery designs of Braniff International Airlines. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


In 1983, Eastern became the launch customer of Boeing's new aircraft, the Boeing 757. Its low cost of operation would make it an invaluable asset to the airline in the years to come. In that same year, Eastern reintroduced service to Ponce, Puerto Rico, using Fairchild Swearinger planes under the name Eastern Metro Express. The Eastern Metro Express operation wasn't limited to Ponce, however, as, under that name, Eastern began services from its San Juan hub to Mayaguez and several other smaller Caribbean communities, from JFK to several northeastern cities, and from Miami to many cities around the South. 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA) is a leading American aircraft and aerospace manufacturer, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with its largest production facilities in Everett, Washington, near Seattle, Washington. ... The Boeing 757 is a medium-range transcontinental commercial passenger airplane manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... Ponce, the second largest city in Puerto Rico outside of the San Juan metropolitan area is named after the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León. ... Mayaguez may refer to: Mayagüez, Puerto Rico Mayaguez incident This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA Airport Code: JFK, ICAO Airport Code: KJFK) is the main international airport in New York City, and is one of the largest airports in the world. ...


Eastern began losing money as it faced competition from no-frills airlines, such as People Express, which offered drastically reduced fares. In an attempt to differentiate itself from its bargain competitors, Eastern began a marketing campaign stressing its quality of service and its rank of highly experienced pilots. The public, however, just wanted cheap fares. People Express Airlines aka PEOPLExpress was a no-frills airline that operated from 1981 to 1987. ...


Unable to keep up, in 1986, Borman sold the airline to Frank Lorenzo. Under Lorenzo's tenure, Eastern was crippled by severe labor unrest. Asked to accept deep cuts in benefits, Eastern's machinists went on strike. Lorenzo sold Eastern's shuttle service to real estate magnate Donald Trump in 1989, under whom it became the Trump Shuttle, while selling other parts of Eastern to his Texas Air holding company and its major subsidiary, Continental Airlines, on disadvantageous terms to Eastern. The machinists were soon joined on the picket line by the pilots. Due to the strike, flights were cancelled, resulting in lost revenue for the airline. As a result of the strike and other financial problems, Eastern filed for bankruptcy protection on March 9. 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article discusses the airline executive. ... Donald Trump on NBCs The Apprentice Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946, his nickname being The Donald -- given to him by ex-wife Ivana Trump) is an American business executive. ... Trump Shuttle was the popular name of Trump Airlines, owned by Donald Trump from 1989 to 1994. ... Texas Air was an airline holding company in the USA that played a significant role in the downfall of the better-known Continental Airlines and Eastern Airlines. ... Continental Airlines (NYSE: CAL) is an American airline. ... Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ...


The coup de grace for Eastern, it can be said, was the 1990 Gulf War. At a nice profit, Eastern sold its Central and South American route network to American Airlines and its transatlantic route network to Continental Airlines. With the higher oil prices and the public's fear of flying at the time, Eastern's sales kept suffering, and Eastern had its last flight in January 1991, officially shutting down on January 18. 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The 1991 Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations mandated by the United Nations and led by the United States. ... Note: For the arenas named after this company, see American Airlines Arena (Miami, Florida), or American Airlines Center (Dallas, Texas). ... Continental Airlines (NYSE: CAL) is an American airline. ... January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Attempts at revival

An airline entrepreneur, Martin Shugrue, considered reviving Eastern in 1995, but the decision was made to instead revive Pan Am. 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ...


Eastern Shuttle

In 1961 Eastern inaugurated the Eastern Air Shuttle, featuring hourly flights of Lockheed Constellations and Electras between New York-LaGuardia, Washington, DC-National, and Boston-Logan Airports. 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... TWA was one of the most well-known Constellation operators. ... The Lockheed L-188 Electra first flew in 1957, and was the first turboprop airliner built in the USA. It delivered performance only slightly inferior to that of a full jet aircraft, at a lower operating cost. ... FAA diagram of LaGuardia Airport . Fiorello LaGuardia Airport is located in Flushing, a neighborhood within the New York City borough of Queens, New York near the Flushing Bay. ... Color enhanced USGS satellite image of Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, taken April 26, 2002. ... KBOS is the airport identification code. ...


The service emphasized convenience and simplicity—revolutionary in an era when air travel was both considered and expected to be a luxury. Not only were seat reservations not required, seat assignments were not given, and initially no check-in was required and no boarding passes were issued. Eastern guaranteed availability, however, and planes flew hourly whether empty or full. In the event of a full flight, Eastern simply added another aircraft. Jets were added in 1967 and the shuttle became all-jet in 1978 with a fleet of dedicated Boeing 727s. 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Sun Country 727 The Boeing 727 was, for a very long time, the most popular jet-liner in the world. ...


The shuttle proved one of Eastern's most successful ventures. Other airlines, including Pan American World Airways, eventually set up competing services. In 1989, financially struggling Eastern sold the operation to real estate magnate Donald Trump, who rebranded it the Trump Shuttle. Missing image Pan American World Airways A Pan Am Clipper - Boeing 747 Pan American World Airways, commonly known as Pan Am, was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Donald Trump on NBCs The Apprentice Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946, his nickname being The Donald -- given to him by ex-wife Ivana Trump) is an American business executive. ... Trump Shuttle was the popular name of Trump Airlines, owned by Donald Trump from 1989 to 1994. ...


IATA Code

Eastern Airlines used the IATA designator code EA. The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...


ICAO Code

Eastern Airlines used the ICAO designator code EAL. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, develops the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ...


Boeing Customer Number

Boeing assigned Eastern Airlines the customer number 25 for all aircraft produced by the company.


Other facts and quotes of interest

  • Eastern used to be the main sponsor of Puerto Rican basketball team Cariduros de Fajardo, team which carried Eastern's logo on their jerseys.
  • Boxer Wilfredo Gomez was pictured by El Vocero photographers inside an Eastern Airlines L-1011 jet before taking off for his bout with Lupe Pintor in New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • "Capitalism without bankruptcy is like Christianity without hell." -Frank Borman, former CEO of Eastern Airlines in 1986, five years before Eastern declared bankruptcy.


Basketball Basketball is a ball sport in which two teams of five players each try to score points by throwing a ball through a hoop. ... Fajardo is a small but popular city located on the north east coast of Puerto Rico. ... Wilfredo Gómez (born October 29, 1956) is a former boxer and three time world champion. ... El Vocero is a Puerto Rican newspaper that is published in the Puerta de Tierra barrio, in the city of San Juan. ... Guadalupe Pintor (born April 13, 1955), better known as Lupe Pintor in the boxing world, is a former boxer from Cuajimalpa, Mexico. ... City nickname: The Crescent City, The Big Easy, The City that Care Forgot Location of New Orleans Country   State     Parish United States   Louisiana     Orleans Parish Mayor C. Ray Nagin Area   â€“Land   â€“Water 350. ... Frank Borman (right) poses with Jim Lovell (left) and Bill Anders (center) for an Apollo 8 publicity photo Frank Borman (born March 14, 1928) was a NASA astronaut, best remembered as one of the three crewmembers of Apollo 8, the first mission to fly around the Moon. ...

Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... This is a list of aircraft manufacturers (in alphabetic order). ... List of aircraft engines - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... -1...


Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation This is a list of airlines in operation. ... This is a list of Air Forces, sorted alphabetically by country. ... This is a list of aircraft weapons, past and present. ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by country of origin. ... This is a timeline of aviation history. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Air Transportation: Eastern Airlines (1433 words)
Eastern Airlines was one of the “Big Four” airlines that dominated the passenger airline business in the United States for nearly 50 years.
Airlines that had benefited from the “Spoils Conference” in 1930 that had distributed key routes originally were not allowed to bid for the new contracts.
Eastern was thus able to inaugurate its first coast-to-coast flight on September 21, 1969, the last of the “Big Four” to do so.
Eastern Air Lines - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1311 words)
Eastern Airlines Flight 401 was preparing to land in Miami, Florida in 1972, when the flight crew became distracted by a non-functioning gear light.
In Eastern's flight 401 case, it was rumored that the ghost of the pilot who flew that night was later seen on some Eastern planes that carried parts of the doomed plane.
Eastern used to be the main sponsor of Puerto Rican basketball team Cariduros de Fajardo, team which carried Eastern's logo on their jerseys.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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