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Encyclopedia > East Turkistan
Flag of East Turkistan

East Turkistan (Sherqiy Türkistan in Uyghur, Doğu Türkistan in Turkish) was the name of two shortlived states in Central Asia; the first one existed from 1932 to 1934, while the second one existed from 1944 to 1949. It is a region bordering Tibet, China proper, Mongolia, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Kashmir and India. The region is now occupied and controlled by the Peoples Republic of China, and it is a province-level entity known as "Xinjiang Autonomous Region".

The Chinese name for the area, Xinjiang (新疆), means "new territory" in Chinese, so it is considered to be offensive to the Uyghurs, who want to regain their independence. In addition, the name East Türkistan emphasizes that the area is part of a larger Turkic region. Conversely, most Chinese consider the name East Türkistan to be offensive.

The "East Turkestan Islamic Movement" is a militant Islamist group which seeks to separate the region from China. It is considered by both the governments of China and the United States to be a terrorist group. Its designation as such by the United States has been controversial, with critics arguing that the designation is unfair and intended mainly to improve U.S.-China relations.

China has taken advantage of the War on Terrorism to crack down on the Uyghur people in Eastern Türkistan. Many innocent people may have, and are been put to death, and tortured, without a trial. (according to various Uygur victims, as well as Amnesty International)

See also: Xabib Yunic.

External links

  • East Turkistan Information Center (http://www.uygur.org)
  • East Turkestan Discussion list (http://www.groups.yahoo.com/group/eastern_turkestan)
  • Uyghur American Association (http://uyghuramerican.org)
  • East Turkestan: Amnesty International report 2004 (http://www.unpo.org/news_detail.php?arg=21&par=673)
  • Swedish Uygur Commitee (http://www.uygurie.com)
  • Uyghur Human Rights Project (http://uhrp.org)

  Results from FactBites:
World Uyghur Congress | About Eastern Turkistan (1210 words)
East Turkistan borders with China and Mongolia to the east, Russia to the north, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikstan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India to the west, and Tibet to the south.
East Turkistan covers an area of 1.65 square kilometers (635 square miles), which is twice as large as the Republic of Turkey or four times as large as the American state of California.
The Kunlun mountain is the south is the border between East Turkistan and Tibet.
East Turkistan - Encyclopedia.com (264 words)
The Formation of the East Turkistan Government in Exile.
U.S. wrong to free "East Turkistan" terrorist suspects: Chinese official.
Recast: "East Turkistan" Terrorism Part of International Terrorism: FM Spokeswoman.
  More results at FactBites »



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