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Encyclopedia > East Timor
Repúblika Demokrátika Timór Lorosa'e
República Democrática de Timor-Leste
Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Flag of East Timor Coat of arms of East Timor
Flag Coat of arms
MottoUnidade, Acção, Progresso
(Portuguese: "Unity, Action, Progress")
AnthemPátria
Capital
(and largest city)
Dili
8°34′S, 125°34′E
Official languages Tetum and Portuguese1
Demonym East Timorese
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President José Ramos-Horta
 -  Acting President Fernando de Araújo
 -  Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão
Independence from Portugal² 
 -  Declared November 28, 1975 
 -  Recognized May 20, 2002 
Area
 -  Total 15,410 km² (158th)
5,743 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  July 2005 estimate 1,115,000[citation needed] (155th)
 -  Density 64/km² (132nd)
166/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
 -  Total $2.18 billion (206)
 -  Per capita $800 (188)
HDI (2007) 0.514 (medium) (150th)
Currency U.S. Dollar³ (USD)
Time zone (UTC+9)
Internet TLD .tl4
Calling code +670
1 Indonesian and English are recognised by the Constitution as "working languages".
2 Indonesia invaded East Timor on December 7, 1975 and left in 1999.
3 Centavo coins also used.
4 .tp is being phased out.

East Timor (officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste) is a country in Southeast Asia. It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecussi-Ambeno, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island, within Indonesian West Timor. The small country of 15,410 km²[1] (5,400 sq mi) is located about 640 km (400 mi) northwest of Darwin, Australia. Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Timor. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The flag of East Timor was adopted in 2002. ... The coat of arms of East Timor (officially: Timor-Leste) contains the shield of Conselho Nacional de Resistência Timorense (National Council of Timorese Resistance). ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Pátria (Fatherland in the Portuguese language) is the national anthem of the Democratic Republic of East Timor. ... Image File history File links LocationEastTimor. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Demographics of East Timor from the CIA World Factbook 2002 Population: 952,618 (July 2002 est. ... Dili, also spelled Díli, Dilli or Dilly, is the capital of East Timor. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... Tetum (also written as Tetun) is the national language of East Timor. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Parliamentary republics around the world, shown in Orange (Parliamentary republics with a non-executive President) and Green (Parliamentary republics with an executive President linked to Parliament). ... East Timor is an emerging democratic state, the newest in the world. ... José Manuel Ramos Horta (born December 26, 1949) has been Foreign Minister of East Timor since independence in 2002, having previously been a spokesman for the East Timorese resistance in exile during the years of Indonesian occupation between 1975 and 1999. ... East Timor is an emerging democratic state, the newest in the world. ... The Prime Minister of East Timor is the head of government in East Timor. ... Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão GCL (born José Alexandre Gusmão, on June 20, 1946) is a former militant who was the first President of East Timor, serving from May 2002 to May 2007. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... PPP of GDP for the countries of the world (2003). ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... This article includes two lists of countries of the world[1] sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year divided by the average population for the same year. ... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... This talks about the countries in the Human Development Index, for information on the Human Development Index, please Click Here World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ... USD redirects here. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... UTC redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .tp is the Internet country code top-level domain ( ccTLD) for East Timor. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... Country Code: 670 Until September 1999, East Timor formed part of the Indonesian numbering plan, using the Country Code +62, followed by area codes for the two largest cities, Dili (390) and Baucau (399). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A working language (also procedural language) is a language that is given a unique legal status in a supra-national company, society, state or other body or organization as its primal mean of communication. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... East Timor centavo coins were introduced for use in East Timor in 2003, for use alongside US Dollar banknotes and coins. ... .tp is the Internet country code top-level domain ( ccTLD) for East Timor. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Timor is an island at the south end of the Malay Archipelago, divided between the independent state of East Timor, and West Timor, part of the Indonesian province of East Nusa Tenggara with the surface of 11,883 sq mi (30,777 km²). The name is a variant of timur... Atauro (also known as Kambing Island by the Indonesians and meaning goat in the local dialect) is situated 25km north of Dili, East Timor, on the extinct Wetar segment of the volcanic Inner Banda Arc. ... Also sometimes written as Jako, an uninhabited island found off the most eastern point of East Timor. ... Oecussi-Ambeno (also variously Ocussi, Oekussi, Oekusi, Okusi, Oé-Cusse) is a district of East Timor. ... D is Bs exclave, but is not an enclave. ... Map of Timor (island only) West Timor is a political region that comprises the western half of Timor island with the exception of Oecussi-Ambeno district (which is politically part of East Timor) and forms a part of the Indonesian province of Nusa Tenggara Timur, (NTT or East Nusa Tenggara). ... Port Darwin redirects here. ...


East Timor was colonized by Portugal in the 16th century, and was known as Portuguese Timor until Portugal's decolonization of the country. In late 1975 East Timor declared its independence but was invaded and occupied by Indonesia later that year, and declared that country's 27th province the following year. In 1999, following the United Nations-sponsored act of self-determination, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory and East Timor became the first new sovereign state of the twenty-first century on May 20, 2002. Alongside the Philippines, East Timor is one of only two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia. Portuguese Timor is the former name (1596 - 1975) of East Timor when it was under Portuguese control. ... Belligerent military occupation occurs when the control and authority over a territory belonging to a state passes to a hostile army. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


At US$800,[2] the per capita GDP (purchasing power parity adjusted) of East Timor is one of the lowest in the world. Its Human Development Index (HDI), however, corresponds to a medium degree of human development and places East Timor 142nd among the world's nations. USD redirects here. ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... PPP of GDP for the countries of the world (2003). ... This talks about the countries in the Human Development Index, for information on the Human Development Index, please Click Here World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ...

Contents

Etymology and naming issues

The country is known as East Timor in English, Timor-Leste (pron. IPA: [ti'moɾ 'lɛʃtɨ]) in Portuguese (sometimes spelled Timor Leste, without a hyphen), and Timór Lorosa'e in the Tetum language. "Timor" derives from timur, the word for "east" in Indonesian and Malay which became Timor in Portuguese and hence English. Lorosa'e is also the word for "east" in Tetum (literally "rising sun"). The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the punctuation mark. ... Tetum (also written as Tetun) is the national language of East Timor. ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ...


The Portuguese name Timor-Leste is sometimes used in English, as is the unofficial Tetum name Timór Lorosa'e, albeit very infrequently. Following the country's independence, its government has requested that the official name in all languages be Timor-Leste, but this has not yet become the norm worldwide. However, several influential countries and organizations have started applying this naming doctrine: for example, the United Nations officially calls the country Timor-Leste in English,[3] and the country was admitted to the UN General Assembly under this name. Among world governments, both the United States government[4] and the European Union have recently begun using the country's own preferred terminology.[5] UN and U.N. redirect here. ... United Nations General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. ...


History

Main article: History of East Timor

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Early history

Main article: Pre-colonial Timor (pre-1515)

The island of Timor was originally populated as part of the human migrations that have shaped Australasia more generally. It is believed that descendants from at least three waves of migration still live in the country. The East Timorese are primarily of Melanesian races, with a population of 680,000 by the time of the Portuguese withdrawal in 1975. The first were related to the principal indigenous groups of New Guinea and Australia, and arrived before 40,000 years ago. Around 3000 BC, Austronesians migrated through to Timor, and are possibly associated with the development of agriculture on Timor.[citation needed] Thirdly, proto-Malays arrived from south China and north Indochina.[6] The mountainous nature of the country meant that these groups remained separate, and explains why there is so much linguistic diversity in East Timor today. Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... map of Melanesia Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black, νῆσος island) is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western side of the West Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and northeast of Australia. ... The Austronesian languages are a family of languages widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, with a few members spoken on continental Asia. ... Proto Malay is also known as Melayu Asli or Melayu Purba in local Malaysia language, is an ethnic group in Malaysia. ... Indochina 1886 Indochina, or the Indochinese Peninsula, is a region in Southeast Asia. ... Language map in German. ...


Timor was incorporated into Chinese and Indian trading networks of the fourteenth century as an exporter of aromatic sandalwood, slaves, honey and wax. Early European explorers report that the island had a number of small chiefdoms or princedoms in the early sixteenth century. One of the most significant is the Wehale kingdom in central Timor, with its capital at Laran, West Timor, to which the Tetum, Bunaq and Kemak ethnic groups were aligned. The branches of a young sandalwood tree found in Hawaii Sandalwood is the fragrant wood of trees in the genus Santalum. ... Slave redirects here. ... For other uses, see Honey (disambiguation). ... candle wax This page is about the substance. ... In Etruscan mythology, Laran was the god of war. ... The Bunak (also known as Bunaq, Buna, Bunake) live in the mountainous region of central Timor, split between the political boundary between West Timor, Indonesia and East Timor. ... The Kemak (Portuguese: Quémaque, also known as Ema) are an ethnic group numbering 50,000 in north-central Timor island. ...


Portuguese colonization

Main article: Portuguese Timor

The Portuguese were the first Europeans to colonize the Malay archipelago when they arrived in the sixteenth century.[7] They established outposts in the (now Indonesian) Maluku Islands and Timor and surrounding islands. During the House of Habsburg's rule over Portugal (1580-1640), all surrounding outposts were lost and eventually came under Dutch control by the mid-seventeenth century. Effective European occupation of a small part of the territory only began after 1769, when the city of Dili, the capital of so-called Portuguese Timor, was founded.[8] In the nineteenth century, the Netherlands gained a foothold on the western half of the island West Timor, and formally received it in 1859 through the Treaty of Lisbon. The definitive border was established by the Hague Treaty of 1916, and it remains the international boundary between the successor states East Timor and Indonesia. Portuguese Timor is the former name (1596 - 1975) of East Timor when it was under Portuguese control. ... World map depicting Malay Archipelago The Malay Archipelago is a vast archipelago located between mainland Southeastern Asia (Indochina) and Australia. ... Maluku redirects here. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Dili, also spelled Díli, Dilli or Dilly, is the capital of East Timor. ... Portuguese Timor is the former name (1596 - 1975) of East Timor when it was under Portuguese control. ... Map of Timor (island only) West Timor is a political region that comprises the western half of Timor island with the exception of Oecussi-Ambeno district (which is politically part of East Timor) and forms a part of the Indonesian province of Nusa Tenggara Timur, (NTT or East Nusa Tenggara). ... The Treaty of Lisbon was signed on February 13, 1668, between Afonso VI of Portugal and Carlos II of Spain, by mediation of Charles II of England. ...


For the Portuguese, East Timor remained little more than a neglected trading post until the late nineteenth century. Investment in infrastructure, health, and education was minimal. Sandalwood remained the main export crop with coffee exports becoming significant in the mid-nineteenth century. In places where Portuguese rule was asserted, it tended to be brutal and exploitative. At the beginning of the twentieth century, a faltering home economy prompted the Portuguese to extract greater wealth from its colonies which met Timorese resistance.[9] The branches of a young sandalwood tree found in Hawaii Sandalwood is the fragrant wood of trees in the genus Santalum. ...


In late 1941, Portuguese Timor was briefly occupied by Dutch and Australian troops in an attempt to preempt a Japanese invasion of the island. The Portuguese Governor protested the occupation, and Dutch forces returned to the Dutch side of the island.[10] The Japanese landed and drove the small Australian force out of Dili, and the mountainous interior became the scene of a guerrilla campaign, known as the Battle of Timor. Waged by Allied forces and Timorese volunteers against the Japanese, the struggle resulted in the deaths of between 40,000 and 70,000 Timorese.[citation needed] Following the end of the war, Portuguese control was reinstated. Guerrilla redirects here. ... Combatants Australia Netherlands United Kingdom United States Empire of Japan Commanders William Leggatt; William Veale; Alexander Spence; Bernard Callinan Sadashichi Doi (invasion); Yuitsu Tsuchihashi (later campaign) Strength approx. ... In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to achieve some common purpose. ...


The process of decolonization in Portuguese Timor began in 1974, following the change of government in Portugal in the wake of the Carnation Revolution. Owing to political instability and more pressing concerns over the decolonisation of Angola and Mozambique, Portugal effectively abandoned East Timor and it unilaterally declared itself independent on November 28, 1975.[citation needed] Nine days later, it was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces before the declaration could be internationally recognized. Colonialism in 1945 Decolonization refers to the undoing of colonialism, the establishment of governance or authority through the creation of settlements by another country or jurisdiction. ... Portuguese Timor is the former name (1596 - 1975) of East Timor when it was under Portuguese control. ... The Carnation Revolution (Portuguese, Revolução dos Cravos) was an almost bloodless, leftist, military-led coup détat, started on April 25, 1974, in Lisbon, Portugal, that effectively changed the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a liberal democracy after two years of a transitional period known as PREC... A declaration of independence is a proclamation of the independence of a newly formed or reformed independent state from a part or the whole of the territory of another, or a document containing such a declaration. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Indonesian occupation

Main article: Indonesian occupation of East Timor (1975-1999)
See also: Indonesian invasion of East Timor

As political parties began to form and emerge inside the country, the Indonesian military headed an operation that backed Apodeti, a pro-Indonesian party that encouraged divisions between the pro-independence parties of East Timor.[citation needed] This led[citation needed] to a brief civil war in 1975 as well as a series of attacks across borders. Indonesia alleged that the East Timorese FRETILIN party, which received some vocal support from the People's Republic of China, was communist. Fearing a Communist domino effect in Southeast Asia—and in the wake of its South Vietnam campaign—the United States,[11] along with its ally Australia, supported the pro-Western Indonesian government's actions. The UN Security Council had a unanimous vote for Indonesia to stop its invasion and to withdraw immediately from East Timor’s borders, and was blocked by the United States from imposing any economic sanctions or other means of enforcing this mandate. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Indonesias armed forces (Indonesian: Tentara Nasional Indonesia, or TNI, formerly ABRI) total about 250,000 members, including the army, navy, marines, and air force. ... Categories: East Timor | Politics stubs ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... The domino effect refers to a small change which will cause a similar change nearby, which then will cause another similar change, and so on in linear sequence, by analogy to a falling row of dominoes standing on end. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Anthem Thanh niên Hành Khúc (Call to the Citizens) Capital Saigon Language(s) Vietnamese Government Republic Last President¹ Duong Van Minh Last Prime minister Vu Van Mau Historical era Cold War  - Regime change June 14, 1955  - Dissolution April 30, 1975 Area  - 1973 173,809 km² 67,108... Occident redirects here. ...


The territory was declared the twenty-seventh province of Indonesia in July 1976. Its nominal status in the UN remained that of a "non-self-governing territory under Portuguese administration."

Demonstration for independence from Indonesia.
Demonstration for independence from Indonesia.

Indonesian rule in East Timor was often marked by extreme violence and brutality; the number of East Timorese who died during the occupation vary from 60,000 to 200,000,[12] A detailed statistical report prepared for the Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in East Timor cited a lower range of 102,800 conflict-related deaths in the period 1974-1999, namely, approximately 18,600 killings and 84,200 'excess' deaths from hunger and illness.[13] ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 885 KB) Photographer: Chris Johnson Title: East Timor Demonstration Description: Taken on: 1999-09-10 12:26:03 Original source: Flickr. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 885 KB) Photographer: Chris Johnson Title: East Timor Demonstration Description: Taken on: 1999-09-10 12:26:03 Original source: Flickr. ... The Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in East Timor (more commonly known by its Portuguese acronym CAVR: Comissão de Acolhimento, Verdade e Reconciliação de Timor Leste) is a body set up in 2000 by the United Nations (UN) and the Timor-Leste government charged to “inquire into...


The East Timorese guerrilla force, Falintil, fought a campaign against the Indonesian forces from 1975 to 1999, some members being trained in Portugal by Portuguese special forces.[citation needed] The Dili Massacre proved a turning point for the East Timorese cause internationally, and a burgeoning East Timor solidarity movement grew in Portugal, Australia, and the United States. yes... Falintil (or FALINTIL) is the military wing of the Fretilin political party of East Timor. ... The Dili Massacre was the shooting of East Timorese protesters, in the Santa Cruz cemetery in the capital, Dili, on 12th November, 1991. ... An international East Timor solidarity movement arose in response to the 1975 invasion of East Timor by Indonesia and the brutal occupation that followed. ...


Independence

See also: Transitional period (East Timor)

Following a UN-sponsored agreement between Indonesia, Portugal and the United States and a surprise decision by the Indonesian President B. J. Habibie, a UN-supervised popular referendum was held on August 30, 1999 to choose between Special Autonomy within Indonesia and independence. 78.5% of voters chose independence, but violent clashes, instigated primarily by elements within the Indonesian military and aided by Timorese pro-Indonesia militias led by Eurico Guterres, broke out soon afterwards. A peacekeeping force (INTERFET, led by Australia) intervened to restore order. The militias fled across the border into Indonesian West Timor, from which sporadic armed raids were attempted. As these raids were repelled and international moral opinion forced Indonesia to withdraw tacit support,[citation needed] the militias dispersed. INTERFET was replaced by a UN force of International Police, the mission became known as UNTAET, and the UNTAET Crime Scene Detachment was formed to investigate alleged atrocities. UNTAET was headed by the late Sérgio Vieira de Mello as UN Transitional Administrator from December 1999 to May 2002. On December 2, 1999 De Mello established the National Consultative Council (NCC), a political body consisting of 11 East Timorese and four UNTAET members charged with overseeing the decision-making process during the transition period leading to independence. However, UNTAET experienced difficulties initially in establishing its credibility amongst the Timorese leadership, leading to street violence. An important workshop on March 1, 2000 brought the Timorese and UN leadership group together to tease out a revised strategy, and identify institutional needs. The Timorese delegation was lead by José Ramos-Horta, and included Mari Alkatiri. The outcome was an agreed blueprint for a joint administration with executive powers, including leaders of the National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction (CNRT), led by future president Xanana Gusmão. Further details were worked out in a conference in May 2000. De Mello presented the new blueprint to a donor conference in Lisbon [4], on June 22, 2000, and to the UN Security Council on June 27, 2000 [5]. On July 12, 2000, the NCC adopted a regulation establishing a Transitional Cabinet comprised of four East Timorese and four UNTAET representatives. [6]. The revamped joint administration successfully laid the institutional foundations for independence, and on September 27, 2002, East Timor joined the United Nations. Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie (born June 25, 1936), more commonly known simply as Rudy Habibie or B J Habibie, was the third President of Indonesia, holding office from 1998 to 1999. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Pro-Indonesia militias (also pro-Indonesian militias) were East Timorese paramilitary militia groups that formed to show loyalty to the Indonesian government during the movement for East Timorese independence in the late 1990s. ... Eurico Barros Gomes Guterres (born 1971) is a pro-Indonesian or anti-independence militia terrorist recruited by the Indonesian military. ... INTERFET (standing for INTERnational Force East Timor) was a multinational peacekeeping taskforce, mandated by the United Nations to address the humanitarian and security crisis which took place in East Timor from 1999-2000 until the arrival of United Nations peacekeepers. ... The UN Transitional Administration in East Timor provided an interim civil administration and a peacekeeping mission in the territory of East Timor. ... Common title for an elite investigative unit created in East Timor in November 1999 under the direction of the United Nations mission in East Timor, consisting of International Police, Australian Military Police and New Zealand Military Police. ... Sérgio Vieira de Mello (March 15, 1948 – August 19, 2003) was a Brazilian United Nations (UN) diplomat who worked for the UN for over 34 years, earning respect and praise around the world for his efforts in the humanitarian and political programs of the UN. He was killed in... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... José Manuel Ramos Horta (born December 26, 1949) has been Foreign Minister of East Timor since independence in 2002, having previously been a spokesman for the East Timorese resistance in exile during the years of Indonesian occupation between 1975 and 1999. ... Mari Bim Amude Alkatiri (born 26 November 1949) was the first Prime Minister of an internationally-recognized East Timor. ... National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction (Portuguese: , CNRT) is a political party in East Timor founded by outgoing President Xanana Gusmão in March 2007 in preparation for the 2007 parliamentary election. ... Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão GCL (born José Alexandre Gusmão, on June 20, 1946) is a former militant who was the first President of East Timor, serving from May 2002 to May 2007. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Crisis and change

In April 2006, riots broke out in Dili following rivalry within the military and police; 40 people were killed and over 20,000 fled their homes. Fighting between pro-government troops and disaffected Falintil troops broke out in May 2006.[14] Upon the invitation of the Prime Minister, Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, and Portugal sent troops to Timor, attempting to quell the violence.[15] On 26 June, Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri resigned as Prime Minister, following an ultimatum from President Xanana Gusmão that he would resign if Alkatiri did not.[16] José Ramos-Horta was appointed as Alkatiri's successor on July 8, 2006.[17] In April 2007, Gusmão declined another presidential term. In the build-up to the April 2007 presidential elections there were renewed outbreaks of violence in February and March 2007. José Ramos-Horta was inaugurated as President on May 20, 2007 following his election win in the second round.[18] Gusmão was sworn in as Prime Minister on August 8, 2007. President Ramos-Horta was critically injured in an assassination attempt on February 11, 2008 in a failed coup apparently perpetrated by Alfredo Reinado, a renegade soldier who died in the attack. Prime Minister Gusmão also faced gunfire separately but escaped unharmed. The Australian government immediately sent reinforcements to East Timor to keep order.[19] The 2006 East Timorese crisis began as a conflict between elements of the military of East Timor over discrimination within the military, and expanded to general violence throughout the country, centred in the capital Dili. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão GCL (born José Alexandre Gusmão, on June 20, 1946) is a former militant who was the first President of East Timor, serving from May 2002 to May 2007. ... José Manuel Ramos Horta (born December 26, 1949) has been Foreign Minister of East Timor since independence in 2002, having previously been a spokesman for the East Timorese resistance in exile during the years of Indonesian occupation between 1975 and 1999. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Presidential elections will be held in East Timor on 9 April 2007. ... José Manuel Ramos Horta (born December 26, 1949) has been Foreign Minister of East Timor since independence in 2002, having previously been a spokesman for the East Timorese resistance in exile during the years of Indonesian occupation between 1975 and 1999. ... East Timor is an emerging democratic state, the newest in the world. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Alfredo Reinhado. ...


Politics

Government Palace in Dili.
Government Palace in Dili.

The Head of state of the East Timor is the President of East Timor, who is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. Although the role is largely symbolic, the president does have veto power over certain types of legislation. Following elections, the president appoints the leader of the majority party or majority coalition as the Prime Minister of East Timor. As head of government, the prime minister presides over the Council of State or cabinet. Image File history File links Gouverneurspalast_klein. ... Image File history File links Gouverneurspalast_klein. ... Politics of East Timor takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of East Timor is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ... East Timor is an emerging democratic state, the newest in the world. ... A coalition is an alliance among entities, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest. ... The Prime Minister of East Timor is the head of government in East Timor. ... The head of government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... This article is about the governmental body. ...


The unicameral Timorese parliament is the National Parliament or Parlamento Nacional, whose members are elected by popular vote to a five-year term. The number of seats can vary from a minimum of fifty-two to a maximum of sixty-five, though it exceptionally has eighty-eight members at present, due to this being its first term of office. The East Timorese constitution was modelled on that of Portugal. The country is still in the process of building its administration and governmental institutions. Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The National Parliament of East Timor (Portuguese: Parlamento Nacional de Timor-Leste) is the unicameral national legislature in East Timor. ...


Government departments

  • Policia Nacional de Timor-Leste (police)
  • East Timor Ministry for State and Internal Administration
  • Civil Aviation Division of Timor Leste

The Policia Nacional de Timor-Leste (PNTL) is Timor Lestes police force. ...

Districts, subdistricts, and sucos

Map of the districts of East Timor.
Map of the districts of East Timor.
Main articles: Districts of East Timor, Subdistricts of East Timor, and Sucos of East Timor

East Timor is divided into thirteen administrative districts: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 371 pixelsFull resolution (3180 × 1476 pixel, file size: 392 KB, MIME type: image/png) Map of Timor-Leste divided into districts. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 371 pixelsFull resolution (3180 × 1476 pixel, file size: 392 KB, MIME type: image/png) Map of Timor-Leste divided into districts. ... East Timor is subdivided into 13 administrative districts, listed generally east to west: Lautem Baucau Viqueque Manatuto Dili Aileu Manufahi Liquiçá Ermera Ainaro Bobonaro Cova-Lima Oecussi-Ambeno See also List of districts of East Timor by area List of districts of East Timor by households List of districts of... The 13 administrative districts of East Timor are subdivided into subdistricts, with one designated the capital. ... The subdistricts of East Timor are subdivided into 443 sucos and 2,336 towns, villages and hamlets. ...


1. Lautém 2. Baucau 3. Viqueque 4. Manatuto 5. Dili 6. Aileu 7. Manufahi 8. Liquiçá 9. Ermera 10. Ainaro 11. Bobonaro 12. Cova-Lima 13. Oecussi-Ambeno Lautém (Tetum:Lautein) is one of the districts of East Timor, on the eastern end of the island of Timor. ... Baucau (Tetum: Baukau), is a district of East Timor, on the northern coast in the eastern part of the country. ... Viqueque (Tetum: Vikeke) is the largest of the districts of East Timor. ... Manatuto is one of the districts of East Timor, located in the central part of the country. ... Dili is the name of one of the 13 district of East Timor, which includes the national capital Dili. ... Aileu is an administrative district of East Timor. ... Manufahi is one of the districts of East Timor. ... Liquiçá (Tetum: Likisá) is one of the districts of East Timor. ... Ermera is one of the districts of East Timor. ... Ainaro is one of 13 administrative districts of East Timor, in the southwest part of the country. ... The Bobonaro district (Portuguese: Distrito Bobonaro) is one of 13 administrative districts within the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste commonly known as East Timor. ... We dont have an article called Cova-Lima Start this article Search for Cova-Lima in. ... Oecussi-Ambeno (also variously Ocussi, Oekussi, Oekusi, Okusi, Oé-Cusse) is a district of East Timor. ...


The districts are subdivided into 65 subdistricts, 443 sucos and 2,336 towns, villages and hamlets.[20]


Geography

Map of East Timor shows cities and main roads.
Map of East Timor shows cities and main roads.

Located in South East Asia,[21] the island of Timor is part of the Malay archipelago, and is the largest and easternmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands. To the north of the mountainous island are the Ombai Strait and Wetar Strait, to the south the Timor Sea separates the island from Australia, while to the west lies the Indonesian Province of East Nusa Tenggara. The highest point of East Timor is Mount Ramelau (also known as Mount Tatamailau) at 2,963 meters (9,721 ft). Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2975x2313, 1215 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): East Timor Wikipedia:Graphic Lab/Images to improve ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2975x2313, 1215 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): East Timor Wikipedia:Graphic Lab/Images to improve ... This article describes the geography of East Timor. ... Timor is an island at the south end of the Malay Archipelago, divided between the independent state of East Timor, and West Timor, part of the Indonesian province of East Nusa Tenggara with the surface of 11,883 sq mi (30,777 km²). The name is a variant of timur... World map depicting Malay Archipelago The Malay Archipelago is a vast archipelago located between mainland Southeastern Asia (Indochina) and Australia. ... Map of Lesser Sunda Islands Satellite picture of the Lesser Sunda Islands The Nusa Tenggara (lit. ... The Ombai Strait (Bahasa Indonesia: Selat Ombai) is the strait which separates the Alor Archipelago from the islands of Wetar, Atauro, and Timor in the Lesser Sunda Islands. ... The Wetar Strait (Bahasa Indonesia: Selat Wetar) separates the eastern part of the island of Timor from the island of Wetar. ... The Timor Sea (Indonesian: Laut Timor; Portugeuse: Mar Timor) is an arm of the Indian Ocean situated between the island of Timor, now split between the states of Indonesia and East Timor, and the Northern Territory of Australia. ... The province (Indonesian: provinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. ... Map showing East Nusa Tenggara province in Indonesia East Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Timur) a province of Indonesia, located in the eastern portion Lesser Sunda Islands, including West Timor. ... Mount Ramelau, or Mount Tatamailau, is the highest mountain in East Timor at 2963 metres. ... Mount Ramelau, or Mount Tatamailau, is the highest mountain in East Timor at 2963 metres. ...


The local climate is tropical and generally hot and humid, characterised by distinct rainy and dry seasons. The capital, largest city and main port is Dili, and the second-largest city is the eastern town of Baucau. Dili has the only functioning international airport, though there are airstrips in Baucau, Suai and Oecusse used for domestic flights. Dili's airport runway is unable to accommodate large aircraft.[22] Baucau is the second largest city in East Timor, after the capital, Dili. ...


The easternmost area of Timor-Leste consists of the Paitchau Range and Iralalaro area. This area has been proposed as to be the first conservation area in Timor-Leste as it contains the last remaining Tropical Dry forested area within the country as well as hosts a number of unique plant and animal species and is sparsely populated.[23]


Economy

Main article: Economy of East Timor

Prior to and during colonization, Timor was best known for its sandalwood. East Timor, one of the worlds poorest nations, faces a host of problems in its attempt at rebuilding its economy. ... The branches of a young sandalwood tree found in Hawaii Sandalwood is the fragrant wood of trees in the genus Santalum. ...


In late 1999, about 70% of the economic infrastructure of East Timor was destroyed by Indonesian troops and anti-independence militias, and 260,000 people fled westward. From 2002 to 2005, an international program led by the United Nations, manned by civilian advisers, 5,000 peacekeepers (8,000 at peak) and 1,300 police officers, substantially reconstructed the infrastructure. By mid-2002, all but about 50,000 of the refugees had returned. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ...


One promising long-term project is the joint development with Australia of petroleum and natural gas resources in the waters southeast of Timor. The Portuguese colonial administration granted concessions to Oceanic Exploration Corporation to develop the deposits, however, this was curtailed by the Indonesian invasion in 1976. The resources were divided between Indonesia and Australia with the Timor Gap Treaty in 1989.[24] The treaty established guidelines for joint exploitation of seabed resources in the area of the "gap" left by then-Portuguese Timor in the maritime boundary agreed between the two countries in 1972.[25] Revenues from the "joint" area were to be divided 50%-50%. Woodside Petroleum and ConocoPhillips began development of some resources in the Timor Gap on behalf of the two governments in 1992. Petro redirects here. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... The Timor Gap Treaty is a treaty between the governments of Australia and Indonesia signed in 1989. ... Woodside Petroleum Limited is an Australian petroleum mining company. ... ConocoPhillips (NYSE: COP) is an international energy company with its headquarters located in Houston, Texas. ...


East Timor inherited no permanent maritime boundaries when it attained independence, repudiating the Timor Gap Treaty as illegal. A provisional agreement (the Timor Sea Treaty, signed when East Timor became independent on 20 May 2002) defined a Joint Petroleum Development Area (JPDA), and awarded 90% of revenues from existing projects in that area to East Timor and 10% to Australia.[26] The first significant new development in the JPDA since Timorese independence is the largest petroleum resource in the Timor Sea, the Greater Sunrise gas field. Its exploitation was the subject of separate agreements in 2003 and 2005. Only 20% of the field lies within the JPDA and the rest in waters not subject to the treaty (though claimed by both countries). The initial, temporary agreement gave 82% of revenues to Australia and only 18% to East Timor.[27] is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


The Government of East Timor has sought to negotiate a definite boundary with Australia at the halfway line between the countries, in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The Government of Australia preferred to establish the boundary at the end of the wide Australian continental shelf, as agreed with Indonesia in 1972 and 1991. Normally a dispute such as this could be referred to the International Court of Justice or the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea for an impartial decision,[28] but the Australian government had withdrawn itself from these international jurisdictions (solely on matters relating to maritime boundaries) shortly before Timorese independence.[29] Nevertheless, under public and diplomatic pressure, the Australian government offered instead a last-minute concession on Greater Sunrise gas field royalties alone.[30] On July 7, 2005, an agreement was signed under which both countries would set aside the dispute over the maritime boundary, and East Timor would receive 50% of the revenues (estimated at A$26 billion or about US$20 billion over the lifetime of the project[31]) from the Greater Sunrise development. Other developments within waters claimed by East Timor but outside the JPDA (Laminaria-Corallina and Buffalo) continue to be exploited unilaterally by Australia, however.[32] United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Opened for signature December 10, 1982 in Montego Bay (Jamaica) Entered into force November 16, 1994[1] Conditions for entry into force 60 ratifications Parties 149[2] For maritime law in general see Admiralty law. ...  Sediment  Rock  Mantle  The global continental shelf, highlighted in cyan The continental shelf is the extended perimeter of each continent and associated coastal plain, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current epoch by relatively shallow seas (known as shelf seas) and gulfs. ... The International Court of Justice (known colloquially as the World Court or ICJ; French: ) is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations. ... The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) is an intergovernmental organization created by the mandate of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... ISO 4217 Code AUD User(s) Australia, Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island Inflation 1. ... USD redirects here. ...

Subdistricts suffer from hunger in November 2007
Subdistricts suffer from hunger in November 2007

In 2007 bad harvest lead to a deaths in several parts of Timor-Leste. In November 2007 eleven subdistricts still needed food supply by international aid.[33]


East Timor also has a large and potentially lucrative coffee industry, which sells organic coffee to numerous Fair Trade retailers and on the open market.[citation needed] For other uses, see Coffee (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fair trade (disambiguation). ...


Currently three foreign banks have a branch in Dili: Australia's ANZ, Portugal's Banco Nacional Ultramarino, and Indonesia's Bank Mandiri. The Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited; ASX: , NZX: ANZ, NYSE: ANZ), commonly called ANZ, is the third largest bank in Australia, after the National Australia Bank and the Commonwealth Bank. ... A piece of artwork for the National Overseas Bank (Banco Nacional Ultramarino) in Lisbon, with coats-of-arms symbolizing the colonies of the Portuguese Empire. ... Bank Mandiri is the largest bank in Indonesia in term of assets, loans and deposits. ...


There are no Patent Laws in East Timor. [7]


Demographics

Indigenous Timorese in traditional dress.

The population of East Timor is about one million. It has grown considerably recently, because of a high birth rate, but also because of the return of refugees.[citation needed] The population is especially concentrated in the area around Dili. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 589 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Man in the Traditional dress, East Timor. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 589 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Man in the Traditional dress, East Timor. ... Demographics of East Timor from the CIA World Factbook 2002 Population: 952,618 (July 2002 est. ...


The Timorese are called Maubere collectively by some of their political organizations, an originally derogatory name turned into a name of pride by Fretilin. They consist of a number of distinct ethnic groups, most of whom are of mixed Malayo-Polynesian and Melanesian/Papuan descent. The largest Malayo-Polynesian ethnic groups are the Tetum[34] (or Tetun) (100,000), primarily in the north coast and around Dili; the Mambae (80,000), in the central mountains; the Tukudede (63,170), in the area around Maubara and Liquiçá; the Galoli (50,000), between the tribes of Mambae and Makasae; the Kemak (50,000) in north-central Timor island; and the Baikeno (20,000), in the area around Pante Macassar. The main tribes of predominantly Papuan origin include the Bunak (50,000), in the central interior of Timor island; the Fataluku (30,000), at the eastern tip of the island near Lospalos; and the Makasae, toward the eastern end of the island. In addition, like other former Portuguese colonies where interracial marriage was common, there is a smaller population of people of mixed Timorese and Portuguese origin, known in Portuguese as mestiços. The East Timorese mestiço best-known internationally is José Ramos-Horta, the spokesman for the resistance movement in exile, and now President of East Timor. Mário Viegas Carrascalão, Indonesia's appointed governor between 1987 and 1992, is also a mestiço. East Timor also has a small Chinese minority, most of whom are Hakka. Most left after the Indonesian invasion, with most moving to Australia although many Sino-Timorese have returned, including Pedro Lay, the Minister for Infrastructure. Categories: East Timor | Politics stubs ... The Austronesian languages are a family of languages widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, with a few members spoken on continental Asia. ... Papua is: Another name for New Guinea Papua (Australian territory): A former Australian territory comprising the southeastern quarter of the island of New Guinea, now the southern part of Papua New Guinea Papua (Indonesian province): An Indonesian province comprising the western half of the island of New Guinea Related Words... Tetum (also written as Tetun) is the national language of East Timor. ... The Mambai (also Mambae, Manbae) are an ethnic group in East Timor. ... Image:Primeiro texto em tocodede 1. ... Maubara is a village in East Timor which is designated as one of the subdistricts of the district of Liquiçá, just to the west of the city of Liquiçá itself. ... Liquiçá (Tetum: Likisá) is a coastal city in East Timor, 32 km to the west of Dili, the national capital. ... Galoli (also known as Galole) is an ethnic group in East Timor with a population of about 50,000, primarily along the northern coast of the district of Manatuto. ... The Mambai (also Mambae, Manbae) are an ethnic group in East Timor. ... Makasae (also known as Makassai, Macassai, Maasae, and Makasai) is a Papuan language spoken by about 70,000 people on the eastern part of East Timor, in the districts of Baucau and Viqueque. ... The Kemak (Portuguese: Quémaque, also known as Ema) are an ethnic group numbering 50,000 in north-central Timor island. ... The Atoni (also known as the Atoin Meto or the Dawan) are an ethnic group on Timor, in Indonesia and East Timor. ... Pante Macassar (also known as Pante Makasar) is a city on the north coast of East Timor, 281 km to the west of Dili, the nations capital. ... The Bunak (also known as Bunaq, Buna, Bunake) live in the mountainous region of central Timor, split between the political boundary between West Timor, Indonesia and East Timor. ... Fataluku is a Papuan language spoken by approximately 30 000 people in eastern areas of East Timor. ... Lospalos (sometimes mistakenly written Los Palos) is a city in East Timor, 248 km to the east of Dili, the national capital. ... Makasae (also known as Makassai, Macassai, Maasae, and Makasai) is a Papuan language spoken by about 70,000 people on the eastern part of East Timor, in the districts of Baucau and Viqueque. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Othello and Desdemona from William Shakespeares Othello, a play often depicted as concerning a biracial couple. ... Mestizo (Portuguese, Mestiço; Canadian French, Métis: from Late Latin mixtcius, from Latin mixtus, past participle of miscere, to mix) is a term of Spanish origin used to designate the peoples of mixed European and Amerindian racial strain inhabiting the region spanning the Americas, from the Canadian prairies in... José Manuel Ramos Horta (born December 26, 1949) has been Foreign Minister of East Timor since independence in 2002, having previously been a spokesman for the East Timorese resistance in exile during the years of Indonesian occupation between 1975 and 1999. ... East Timor is an emerging democratic state, the newest in the world. ... For other uses, see Hakka (disambiguation). ...


Religion

Upon independence, East Timor became one of only two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia (along with the Philippines). The population predominantly identifies as Roman Catholic (97%), though local animist traditions have a persistent and strong influence on the culture. Religious minorities include Muslims (1%) (including former Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri) and Protestants (1%) (including Taur Matan Ruak, Commander of the Falintil-FDTL). Smaller Hindu (0.5%), Buddhist (0.1%) and traditional animist minorities make up the remainder[35][36][37]. Church membership grew considerably under Indonesian rule, as Indonesia's state ideology Pancasila does not recognize traditional beliefs and requires all citizens to believe in God. Although the struggle was not about religion, as a deep-rooted local institution the Church not only symbolized East Timor's distinction from predominantly Muslim Indonesia, but also played a significant role in the resistance movement, as personified by Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize laureate.[38] The constitution acknowledges the Church's role among the East Timorese people although it also stipulates a secular state that guarantees freedom of religion to everyone. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The term Animism is derived from the Latin anima, meaning soul.[1][2] In its most general sense, animism is simply the belief in souls. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... The Prime Minister of East Timor is the head of government in East Timor. ... Mari Bim Amude Alkatiri (born 26 November 1949) was the first Prime Minister of an internationally-recognized East Timor. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Brigadier-General Taur Matan Ruak (Tetum for Two Sharp Eyes) is the Commander of the Falintil-FDTL, the Military of East Timor. ... Military of East Timor from the CIA World Factbook 2002 // Military branches The Forças de Defesa de Timor Leste (Tetum: Forcas Defensa Timor Lorosae English: Timor Leste Defense Force) or FALINTIL-FDTL (often F-FDTL) comprises an Army and a small Naval component; note - plans are to develop a... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... Symbol of Indonesias Pancasila Pancasila, pronounced Panchaseela, is the philosophical basis of the Indonesian state. ... Bishop Carlos Belo (left) Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo SDB (born February 3, 1948) is a Roman Catholic bishop who received, together with José Ramos Horta, the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize, for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor. The fifth child of Domingos... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ...


Languages

East Timor's two official languages are Portuguese, and Tetum, which belongs to the Austronesian family of languages spoken throughout South East Asia.[39] The predominant form of Tetum, known as Tetun-Dili, grew out of the dialect favored by the colonizers at Dili, and thus has considerable Portuguese influence, but other dialects of Tetum are also widely used in the country, including Tetun-Terik which is spoken along the southwestern coast. Indonesian and English are defined as working languages under the Constitution in the Final and Transitional Provisions, without setting a final date. Another fifteen indigenous languages are spoken: Bekais, Bunak, Dawan, Fataluku, Galoli, Habun, Idalaka, Kawaimina, Kemak, Lovaia, Makalero, Makasai, Mambai, Tokodede, and Wetarese. Language map in German. ... Tetum (also written as Tetun) is the national language of East Timor. ... The Austronesian languages are a language family widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, with a few members spoken on continental Asia. ... Dili, also spelled Díli, Dilli or Dilly, is the capital of East Timor. ... The Ta-Yuan (in Ferghana) was one of the three advanced civilizations of Central Asia around 130 BCE, together with Parthia and Greco-Bactria (Han Shu, Former Han Chinese Chronicles). ... Fataluku is a Papuan language spoken by approximately 30 000 people in eastern areas of East Timor. ... Kawaimina is a syllabic abbreviation used to refer to four similar dialects of East Timor, specifically Kairui, Waimaha, Midiki, and Naueti, spoken by one or two thousand speakers each. ... The Makalero language belongs to the Trans-New Guinean group of languages spoken in East Timor. ... Makasae (also known as Makassai, Macassai, Maasae, and Makasai) is a Papuan language spoken by about 70,000 people on the eastern part of East Timor, in the districts of Baucau and Viqueque. ... The Mambai (also Mambae, Manbae) are an ethnic group in East Timor. ... Image:Primeiro texto em tocodede 1. ... Wetarese is the language of Wetar, an island in the south Moluccas, Indonesia, as well as the nearby islands Lirar and Atauro, the latter belonging to East Timor. ...


Under Indonesian rule, the use of Portuguese was banned, but it was used by the clandestine resistance, especially in communicating with the outside world. The language, along with Tetum, gained importance as a symbol of resistance and freedom and was adopted as one of the two official languages for this reason, and as a link to nations in other parts of the world. It is now being taught and promoted widely with the help of Brazil, Portugal, and the Latin Union, although its prominence in official and public spheres has been met with some hostility from younger Indonesian-educated Timorese. Headquarters Paris, France Official languages Catalan, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese and Romanian Membership 37 (plus 3 observers) Leaders  -  General Secretariat Bernardino Osio Establishment 15 May 1954 Website http://www. ...


According to the 2006 UN Development Report (using data from official census), under 5%[40] of the Timorese population is proficient in Portuguese. However, the validity of this report has been questioned by members of the Timorese National Institute of Linguistics,[41] which maintains that Portuguese is spoken by up to 25% of Timorese, with the number of speakers more than doubling in the last five years.[citation needed] Along with other local languages, Tetum remains the most common means of communication between ordinary Timorese, while Indonesian is still widely used in the media and school from high school to university. A large proportion of words in Tetum are derived from Portuguese, but it also shares many Malay-derived words with Indonesian. Many Indonesian words are still in common use in Tetum and other Timorese languages, particularly numbers.


East Timor is a member of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP), also known as the Lusophone Commonwealth, and a member of the Latin Union. It is the only independent state in Asia with Portuguese as an official language, although this is also one of the official languages of China's Special Administrative Region of Macau. Headquarters Lisbon, Portugal Official language Portuguese Membership 8 (plus 2 observers) Leaders  -  Executive Secretariat Luís de Matos Monteiro da Fonseca Establishment 1996 Website http://www. ... A Lusophone is someone who speaks the Portuguese language natively or by adoption. ... Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative...


Culture

Main article: Culture of East Timor
See also: Music of East Timor

The culture of East Timor reflects numerous influences, including Portuguese, Roman Catholic, and Malay, on the indigenous Austronesian and Melanesian cultures of Timor. Legend has it that a giant crocodile was transformed into the island of Timor, or Crocodile Island, as it is often called. East Timorese culture is heavily influenced by Austronesian legends, although the Catholic influence is also strong. The Culture of East Timor reflects numerous cultural influences, including Portuguese, Roman Catholic and Malay, on the indigenous Austronesian cultures in East Timor. ... East Timors music reflects its history under the control of both Portugal and Indonesia, who have imported music like gamelan and fado. ... The Austronesian people are a population group in Oceania and Southeast Asia who speak or had ancestors who spoke one of the Austronesian languages. ... map of Melanesia Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black, νῆσος island) is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western side of the West Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and northeast of Australia. ...


Illiteracy is still widespread, but there is a strong tradition of poetry. Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão, for example, is a distinguished poet. As for architecture, some Portuguese-style buildings can be found, along with the traditional totem houses of the eastern region. These are known as uma lulik (sacred houses) in Tetum, and lee teinu (houses with legs) in Fataluku. Craftsmanship is also widespread, as is the weaving of traditional scarves or tais.


Sports

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

International sports associations

East Timor has joined many international sport associations, including the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The IOC board has granted full recognition to the East Timorese Olympic Committee (COTL). The IOC had allowed a mainly symbolic four-member team to take part in the 2000 Sydney Games under the Olympic flag as "Independent Olympic Athletes." The Federação de Timor-Leste de Atletismo has joined the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). The Federação de Badminton de Timor-Leste joined the International Badminton Federation (IBF) in April 2003. The East Timor Cycling Federation has joined the Union Cycliste Internationale. The Confederação do Desporto de Timor Leste has joined the International Weightlifting Federation. East Timor is also a full member of the International Table-Tennis Federation (ITTF). In September 2005, East Timor's national football team joined FIFA. Since then the franchise has been run by Tom Gallagher. East Timor currently lie top of the NOZ League and trail by only a point in the WSTS League. However his position has been threatened by the emergence of the highly promising and undoubtedly successful West Timor football team, currently overseen by Marc Brown. The grass roots growth of the Western Timor team, despite their lack of riches and independence, has been widely praised by learned football pundits. Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) is the international governing body for the sport of athletics (known in the US as track and field). It was founded in 1912 at its first Congress in Stockholm, Sweden by representatives from 17 national athletics federations as the International Amateur Athletics Federation. ... The East Timor Cycling Federation is the national governing body of cycle racing in East Timor. ... Entrance of UCI headquarter at Aigle (Switzerland) Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) is a professional cycling union that oversees cycling events in the international community. ... First international Sri Lanka 3 - 2 East Timor (Colombo, Sri Lanka; March 21, 2003) Biggest win - Biggest defeat Thailand 8 - 0 East Timor (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; December 12, 2004) The East Timor national football team is the national team of East Timor and is controlled by the Federaçao Futebol... This article is about an international football organization. ...


Participation in international events

East Timor has taken part in several sporting events. Although the athletes came back with no medals, East Timorese athletes had the opportunity to compete with other Southeast Asian athletes in the 2003 Southeast Asian Games held in Vietnam in 2003. Most of their equipment was lent by the other nations competing.[citation needed] In the 2003 ASEAN Paralympics Games, also held in Vietnam, East Timor won a bronze medal. In the Athens 2004 Olympic Games, six athletes participated in three sports: athletics, weightlifting and boxing). The 22nd Southeast Asian Games were held in Hanoi, Vietnam from 5 December - 13 December 2003. ... Silver 2004 The Paralympic Games are an official equivalent of the Olympics for athletes with physical disabilities. ... The ceremony for the lighting of the flame is arranged as a pagan pageant, with priestesses dancing. ...


On East Timor's performance in the 22nd SEA Games in 2003, karate coach Austo Aparício remarked, "This was an opportunity for our athletes to gain experience. East Timor is still young, so it has lots of financial problems." He also commented on his team's karate performance, "We are fairly good at karate and we can make sure that we win a medal in the Philippines in 2005." East Timor went on to win three medals in Arnis at the 2005 Southeast Asian Games. The 22nd Southeast Asian Games were held in Hanoi, Vietnam from 5 December - 13 December 2003. ... For other uses, see Karate (disambiguation). ... In sports, a coach or manager is an individual involved in the direction and instruction of the on-field operations of an athletic team or of individual athletes. ... Timor Leste participated in the 2005 Southeast Asian Games held in multiple venues in the Philippines from November 27, 2005 to December 5, 2005. ... The arnis tournament at the 2005 Southeast Asian Games will start on 3 December, and will end on 4 December. ...


East Timor was also one of the competing nations in the first Lusophony Games, winning a bronze medal in the women's volleyball competition (finishing third out of three teams), despite the fact the team had lost all its three games. The 2006 Lusophony Games are to be held in Macau, Peoples Republic of China between October 7 and October 15. ... Lusophony Games (Lusofonia Games according to the official spelling of the Games Organization Committee) or Jogos da Lusofonia (in Portuguese) is a multinational multi-sport event, organized by the Association of the Portuguese Speaking Olympic Committees (ACOLOP) to enhance the members unity and promote their cooperation relationships. ...


Public holidays

East Timor now has public holidays that commemorate historic events in the liberation struggle, as well as those associated with Catholicism. They are defined in Timor-Leste Law no. 10/2005PDF (16.7 KiB). The word holiday has related but different meanings in English-speaking countries, with the exception of the United States where usage differs greatly. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to...

Date Name Notes
January 1 New Year's Day
date varies Eid al-Adha
March-April Good Friday
May 1 Labour Day
May 20 Independence Restoration Day Anniversary of transfer of sovereignty from the United Nations transitional government, 2002
May-June Corpus Christi
August 30 Popular Consultation Day Anniversary of the Popular Consultation, 1999
November 1 All Saints' Day
November 2 All Souls' Day
November 12 National Youth Day Anniversary of the Santa Cruz massacre, 1991
November 28 Proclamation of Independence Day 1975
date varies Idul Fitri
December 7 National Heroes' Day Anniversary of Indonesian invasion of East Timor, 1975
December 8 Immaculate Conception
December 25 Christmas Day

In addition, the law defines "official commemorative dates" which are not considered holidays but could be subject to time off from work: is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the date January 1 in the Gregorian calendar. ... Eid ul-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى) is second in the series of Eid festivals that Muslims celebrate. ... Good Friday is the Friday before Easter (Easter always falls on a Sunday). ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Labour Day Parade in Toronto in the early 1900s A Labour Day is an annual holiday celebrated all over the world that resulted from efforts of the labour union movement, to celebrate the economic and social achievements of workers. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... Corpus Christi Procession in Germany This article is about the Catholic feast of Corpus Christi. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Christian holiday. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Christian religious holiday. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Dili Massacre was the shooting of East Timorese protesters, in the Santa Cruz cemetery in the capital, Dili, on 12th November, 1991. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Islamic holiday of Eid ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر) marks the end of Ramadan. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Mary, mother of Jesus as the Immaculate Conception. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph and Mary with baby Jesus, at the first Christmas Christmas (literally, the Mass of Christ) is a holiday in the Christian calendar, usually observed on December 25, which celebrates the birth of Jesus. ...

Date Name
February-March Ash Wednesday
March-April Holy Thursday
May-June Ascension Day
June 1 International Children's Day
August 20 Day of the Armed Forces for the National Liberation of Timor-Leste (FALINTIL)
November 3 National Women's Day
December 10 International Human Rights Day

In the Western Christian calendar, Ash Wednesday is the first day of Lent. ... The Last Supper - museum copy of Master Pauls sculpture, from the main altar in St. ... Also refers to the process of gaining Enlightenment and several meditation techniques. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from an article revision dated 2005-12-10, and may not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ...

See also

Following Indonesian withdrawal from East Timor in 1999, the telecommunications infrastructure was destroyed in the ensuing violence, and Telkom Indonesia ceased to provide services. ... East Timor being a new country has begun to intiate foreign relations with the rest of the global community. ... The term Great Timor (Indonesian: Timor Raya) refers to the concept of a united and independent island of Timor, covering formerly Portuguese East Timor, and formerly Dutch (now Indonesian) West Timor. ... badge of the Associação dos Escuteiros de Timor Lorosae East Timor is one of 35 countries where Scouting exists (be it embryonic or widespread) but where there is no National Scout Organization which is yet a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement. ... East Timor, although a new country, had already participated in the international sports scene. ... Timor is an island at the south end of the Malay Archipelago, divided between the independent state of East Timor, and West Timor, part of the Indonesian province of East Nusa Tenggara with the surface of 11,883 sq mi (30,777 km²). The name is a variant of timur... Transport in East Timor from the CIA World Factbook 2002 Railways: 0 km Highways: total: 3,800 km paved: 428 km unpaved: 3,372 km (1995) Waterways: NA Pipelines: NA Ports and harbors: Dili Merchant marine: total: NA ships by type: NA Airports: 8 (2001) Airports - with paved runways: total... Map of Timor (island only) West Timor is a political region that comprises the western half of Timor island with the exception of Oecussi-Ambeno district (which is politically part of East Timor) and forms a part of the Indonesian province of Nusa Tenggara Timur, (NTT or East Nusa Tenggara). ...

Lists

This is a list of topics related to East Timor. ... This is a list of cities in East Timor. ... The following is a list of notable East Timorese people: Marí Alkatiri Fernando de Araújo Martinho da Costa Lopes Avelino Coelho Tomé Diogo Xanana Gusmão Eurico Guterres José Ramos Horta Anna Pessoa Pinto Domingos Mendonça Alfredo Reinhado Nicolau dos Reis Lobato Kirsty Sword Gusmão Mário...

References

  1. ^ mfac.gov.tp
  2. ^ East Timor. The World Factbook. CIA.
  3. ^ United Nations Member States
  4. ^ USA Department of State: Timor Leste Country Page
  5. ^ European Union deploys Election Observation Mission to Timor Leste
  6. ^ Brief History of Timor-Leste. Official Web Gateway to the Government of Timor-Leste. Government of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (2006).; A. Barbedo de Magalhães (24 October 1994). Population Settlements in East Timor and Indonesia. University of Coimbra website. University of Coimbra.
  7. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tt.html
  8. ^ http://www.lusotopie.sciencespobordeaux.fr/carneiroSousa.rtf
  9. ^ Schwarz, A. (1994). A Nation in Waiting: Indonesia in the 1990s. Westview Press, page 198. ISBN 1-86373-635-2. 
  10. ^ http://www.awm.gov.au/cms_images/histories/20/chapters/21.pdf
  11. ^ Two days before the invasion of Dili and subsequent annexation, U.S. President Gerald Ford and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger met President Suharto in Jakarta where Ford made it clear that "We will understand and will not press you on the issue. We understand the problem and the intentions you have." Kissinger added: "It is important that whatever you do succeeds quickly [because] the use of US-made arms could create problems." (William Burr and Michael L. Evans (eds.),"East Timor Revisited", National Security Archive, December 6, 2001) Jimmy Carter, during his first year in office, authorized 112 million dollars worth of military arms to Indonesia, which allowed an expansion of the war on land as well as air, with overwhelming consequences, resulting in the deaths as many as 200,000 East Timorese, more than one third of the island nation’s population (Shelton)
  12. ^ Nunes, Joe (1996). East Timor: Acceptable Slaughters. The architecture of modern political power.; Amnesty International estimated deaths at 200,000 ("POWER AND IMPUNITY" Human rights under the new order. Amnesty International (September 1994).); Ben Kiernan has written in War, Genocide, and Resistance in East Timor, 1975–99: Comparative Reflections on Cambodia that "the crimes committed... in East Timor, with a toll of 150,000 in a population of 650,000, clearly meet a range of sociological definitions of genocide used by most scholars of the phenomenon, who see both political and ethnic groups as possible victims of genocide." From the beginning of the invasion in 1975, the widespread amount of killing that occurred was staggering, with hundreds being executed on docks in Dili and being thrown into the sea (Charny,Israel W. Encyclopedia of Genocide Volume I. Denver: Abc Clio), as many as 60,000 being slaughtered within the first few months of the invasion. From 1975 until 1993, attacks on civilian populations were only nominally reported in the Western press. Since each data source used under-reports actual deaths, this is considered a minimum.
  13. ^ Benetech Human Rights Data Analysis Group (9 February 2006). The Profile of Human Rights Violations in Timor-Leste, 1974-1999. A Report to the Commission on Reception, Truth and Reconciliation of Timor-Leste. Human Rights Data Analysis Group (HRDAG).
  14. ^ BBC News
  15. ^ www.iol.co.za;RTE News;The Sydney Morning Herald,RTE News
  16. ^ Herald Sun
  17. ^ ABC News Online
  18. ^ guardian.co.uk
  19. ^ BBC News
  20. ^ unmiset.org
  21. ^ United Nations
  22. ^ A Boeing 737 or C-130 Hercules is the largest aircraft that can be accommodated at Dili's airport.
  23. ^ Norwegian energy and Water Resources Directorate (NVE) (2004), Iralalaro Hydropower Project Environmental Assessment
  24. ^ atns.net.au
  25. ^ Radio Australia
  26. ^ aph.gov.au
  27. ^ transparency.gov.tl
  28. ^ etan.org
  29. ^ austlii.edu.au; http://www.un.org/Depts/los/convention_agreements/convention_declarations.htm#Australia%20after%20ratification United Nations]
  30. ^ crikey.com
  31. ^ canb.auug.org.au
  32. ^ pm.gov.tp
  33. ^ Voice of America, 24.06.07, East Timor Facing Food Crisis and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Timor-Leste
  34. ^ Taylor, Jean Gelman (2003). Indonesia: Peoples and Histories. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, page 378. ISBN 0-300-10518-5. 
  35. ^ [1]
  36. ^ [2]
  37. ^ [3]
  38. ^ See also Liquiçá Church Massacre.
  39. ^ Taylor, Jean Gelman (2003). Indonesia: Peoples and Histories. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, page 378. ISBN 0-300-10518-5. 
  40. ^ JSMP ReportPDF (295 KiB)
  41. ^ Dr. Geoffrey Hull's reply to the article "The article by Alfred Deakin and the reply from Geoffrey Hull deserve comment", by Sean Foley

is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Dili, also spelled Díli, Dilli or Dilly, is the capital of East Timor. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... For other persons named Gerald Ford, see Gerald Ford (disambiguation). ... The United States Secretary of State is the head of the United States Department of State, concerned with foreign affairs. ... Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923) is a German-born American politician, and 1973 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. ... Suharto GCB (born June 8, 1921) is a former Indonesian military and political leader. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amnesty international Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization which defines its mission as to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience... For other uses, see Genocide (disambiguation). ... Genocide is the mass killing of a group of people, as defined by Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG) as any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing 737 is an American short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop cargo aircraft and the main tactical airlifter for many military forces worldwide. ... The Liquica Church Massacre was an attrocity that occurred in the war torn country of East Timor, in April 1999. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to...

Sourcebooks

  • Cashmore, Ellis. Dictionary of Race and Ethnic Relations. New York: Routledge.
  • Charny, Israel W. Encyclopedia of Genocide Volume I. Denver: Abc Clio.
  • Levinson, David. Ethnic Relations. Denver: Abc Clio.
  • Shelton, Dinah. Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity. Thompson Gale.
  • Rudolph, Joseph R. Encyclopedia of Modern Ethnic Conflicts. Westport: Greenwood P, 2003. 101-106.

External links

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International membership and history

This is an alphabetical list of Oceanian countries and dependencies. ... For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1096x744, 47 KB)Australasia ecozone re-drawn from French wiki by MPF Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... Copyright 2004 Affordable Solutions Pty Ltd Aust. ... map of Melanesia Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black, νῆσος island) is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western side of the West Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and northeast of Australia. ... Maluku redirects here. ... Image File history File links Micronesia. ... Image File history File links Polynesia. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... Headquarters Lisbon, Portugal Official language Portuguese Membership 8 (plus 2 observers) Leaders  -  Executive Secretariat Luís de Matos Monteiro da Fonseca Establishment 1996 Website http://www. ... The Pacific Islands Forum is an inter-governmental consultative organization which aims to enhance cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean and represent their interests. ... Image File history File links PIF_Logo. ... The Austronesian languages are a language family widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, with a few members spoken on continental Asia. ... Below is a list of countries that are home to Austronesian languages along with the most notable languages in each country. ... The Formosan languages are a group of Austronesian languages spoken 2% of the population of Taiwan, almost exclusively aboriginals. ... The Malayo-Polynesian languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages used by some 351 million speakers. ... Rapa Nui redirects here. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Anthem Patriots of Micronesia Capital Palikir Largest city Weno Official languages English (national), Ulithian, Woleaian, Yapese, Pohnpeian, Kosraean, and Chuukese (at state or local level) Government Constitutional government1  -  President Joseph J. Urusemal Independence from US-administered UN Trusteeship   -  Date 3 November 1986  Area  -  Total 702 km² (188th) 271 sq mi... Old photo of the people of Orchid Island, near Taiwan published in a Japanese colonial government publication, ca. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Travel to East Timor, Tourism in East Timor, Tours of East Timor, Tourist attractions in East Timor, tourist ... (419 words)
East Timor is located in the eastern part of Timor, an island in the Indonesian archipelago that lies between the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean.
The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (East Timor) is in Southeastern Asia, northwest of Australia, at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago.
East Timor includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Oecussi-Ambeno enclave (separated from the rest of East Timor by West Timorese territory) and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco.
Mercy Corps > Countries > East Timor > Program Details: East Timor (860 words)
In addition, East Timor is still coping with the legacy of a generation of Indonesian occupation and the vicious violence of 1999 that followed their decision to vote for independence.
Timor Aid is a registered East Timorese non-profit charitable and non-governmental organization (NGO) founded in 1998 by East Timorese and long-term East Timor supporters who worked closely with Nobel Peace Laureate Dr. José Ramos-Horta, the current Prime Minister of East Timor.
Timor Aid was a prominent provider of relief during the national emergency period of 1999-2001, and is currently implementing 12 long- and short-term development projects in the areas of health, education, capacity building, the advancement of women, microcredit, community development, and income generation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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