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Encyclopedia > East Texas
Red counties show the core of East Texas; pink and red counties may or may not be included in East Texas, and thus their inclusion varies from source to source.
Red counties show the core of East Texas; pink and red counties may or may not be included in East Texas, and thus their inclusion varies from source to source.

East Texas is a distinct cultural and geographic area in the U.S. state of Texas. There are various ways to define East Texas, but the least subjective is that it the area of Texas that is part of the Southeastern United States ecologically. More subjective is the cultural definition; East Texas has been described as the most culturally Southern area of Texas—although this can be offensive to other Texans who consider themselves Southerners—or that the region is not really part of Texas—which offends East Texans. Simply put, East Texas is the region of Texas that looks and feels more like Louisiana and Mississippi than it does South and West Texas. Image File history File links East_Texas_map. ... Image File history File links East_Texas_map. ... Motto: E pluribus unum (1789 to present) (Latin: Out of Many, One) In God We Trust (1956 to present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York, New York Official language(s) None at federal level; English de facto Government • President • Vice President Federal republic... Official language(s) None. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... The word ecology is often used in common parlance as a synonym for the natural environment or environmentalism. ... Official language(s) English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rogue since Hurricane Katrina Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 31st 134,382 km² 210 km 610 km 16 29°N to 33°N 89°W to 94°W Population... Official language(s) English Capital Jackson Largest city Jackson Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 32nd 125,443 km² 275 km 545 km 3 30°13N to 35°N 88°7W to 91°41W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 31st 2,697,243 23. ... South Texas is a region of the U.S. state of Texas which lies roughly south of, or beginning at, San Antonio. ... West Texas is a region in Texas which has more in common geographically with the Southwestern United States than it does with East Texas and North Texas. ...


According to the Handbook of Texas, the East Texas area "may be separated from the rest of Texas roughly by a line extending from the Red River in north central Lamar County southwestward to east central Limestone County and then southeastward to Galveston Bay", though some separate the Gulf Coast area into a separate region. This area includes all or parts of 49 counties, totalling almost 40,000 square miles (100,000 km²) and a population of almost 6 million. The Handbook of Texas (ISBN 0-87611-151-7) is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Texas geography, history, and historical persons published jointly by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) and the General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin. ... Lamar County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... Limestone County is a county located in the state of Texas. ...


Most of the region consists of the Piney Woods ecoregion, and East Texas can sometimes be reduced to include only the Piney Woods. Houston has distanced itself from East Texas over the past fifty years; however Houston has been considered part of East Texas for most of the city's history. The Piney Woods is an area of East, Southeast & Northeast, Texas (A line from Paris, Texas to Houston, Texas). ... An ecoregion is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... Nickname: Space City Official website: www. ...


A popular definition defines East Texas as the region between Highway 45 linking Dallas and Houston and the Louisiana Border.

Contents


Geography

Caddo Lake
Enlarge
Caddo Lake

Climate is the unifying factor in the region's geography—all of the East Texas has the humid subtropical climate typical of the Southeast. East Texas receives more rainfall, 35 to 50 inches (890 to 1270 mm), than the rest of Texas. In Houston the average January temperature is 50.4 °F (10.2 °C) and the average July temperature is 82.6 °F (28.1 °C), however Houston has slightly warmer winters than most of East Texas due to its proximity to the coast. Download high resolution version (1000x750, 612 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1000x750, 612 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Humid subtropical climates are characterized by warm to hot summers and cool winters. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ...


All of East Texas also lies within the Gulf Coastal Plain, but with less uniformity than the climate with rolling hills in the north and flat coastal plains in the south. Local vegetation also varies from north to south with the lower third consisting of the temperate grassland extending from South Texas to South Louisiana. The upper two-thirds of the region dominated by temperate forest known as the Piney Woods, which extends over 23,500 square miles (61,000 km²). The Piney Woods are part of a much larger region of pine-hardwood forest that extends into Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. The Piney Woods thins out as it nears the Gulf of Mexico. Link title--69. ... In geography, a coastal plain is an area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features. ... South Texas is a region of the U.S. state of Texas which lies roughly south of, or beginning at, San Antonio. ... The Port of South Louisiana is the largest volume shipping port in the United States and fifth largest in the world(2003 World Port Rankings). ... Temperate forests are forests in the temperate climate zones. ... The Piney Woods is an area of East, Southeast & Northeast, Texas (A line from Paris, Texas to Houston, Texas). ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... Species About 115. ... Beech is a typical temperate zone hardwood The term hardwood designates wood from angiosperm trees. ... Official language(s) English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rogue since Hurricane Katrina Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 31st 134,382 km² 210 km 610 km 16 29°N to 33°N 89°W to 94°W Population... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 29th 137 732 km² 385 km 420 km 2. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 20th 181,196 km² 355 km 645 km 1. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ...

A Landsat 7 satellite image showing Houston and its surroundings
A Landsat 7 satellite image showing Houston and its surroundings

The Sabine River and Trinity River are the major rivers in East Texas, but the Brazos River and Red River also flow through the region. The Brazos cuts through the southwest portion of the region while the Red River forms its northern border with Oklahoma. In East Texas and the rest of the South, small rivers and creeks collect into swamps called "Bayous" and merge with the surrounding forest. Bald cypress and Spanish moss are the dominate plants in bayous. The most famous of these bayous are Cypress Bayou and Buffalo Bayou. Cypress Bayou surrounds the Big, Little, and Black Cypress rivers around Jefferson. They flow east into Caddo Lake and the adjoing wetlands cover the rim and islands of the lake. Most of Buffalo Bayou was cleared to create the Houston Ship Channel, the remaining portions of Buffalo Bayou are in Downtown Houston. Download high resolution version (978x845, 179 KB)Larger Houston Landsat From http://landsat. ... Download high resolution version (978x845, 179 KB)Larger Houston Landsat From http://landsat. ... Landsat 7 is the latest satellite of the Landsat program. ... Houston redirects here. ... Sabine River can refer to: The Sabine River in the United States The Sabine River in New Zealand. ... The Trinity River is a river in the state of Texas in the United States. ... The Brazos River is the longest river in Texas, running 1360 km (840 mi) from the center of the state to the Gulf of Mexico. ... The Red River is one of several rivers with that name, and of two rivers with that name in the United States. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 20th 181,196 km² 355 km 645 km 1. ... A bayou (pronounced or ) is a small, slow-moving stream or creek formed in the former bed of a river. ... Binomial name Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich. ... Binomial name Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L. Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides) closely resembles its namesake (Usnea, or beard moss), yet is not a moss at all. ... Buffalo Bayou at this location, just south of San Felipe Dr. Buffalo Bayou is a main waterway flowing through Houston, Texas, USA. It begins on the west side of the city and flows east to the Houston Ship Channel. ... Jefferson is a city located in Marion County, Texas. ... Caddo Lake, viewed from a point near Uncertain Caddo Lake is a 25,400 acre (103 km²) lake and wetland located on the border between Texas and Louisiana, in northern Harrison County and southern Marion County in Texas and western Caddo Parish in Louisiana. ... The Port of Houston is the port of Houston, Texas, the fourth largest city in the United States. ... Buffalo Bayou at this location, just south of San Felipe Dr. Buffalo Bayou is a main waterway flowing through Houston, Texas, USA. It begins on the west side of the city and flows east to the Houston Ship Channel. ... Downtown Houston is Houstons largest business district. ...


Outside of the Greater Houston area the average population density is around 18–45 per mi2 (7–12 per km2), with the populaiton density near the Big Thicket dropping below 18 people per mi2. East Texas' population is centered around Greater Houston and Beaumont/ Port Arthur/Orange in Southeast Texas, Lufkin/Nacogdoches in Deep East Texas, and Tyler, Longview/Marshall, and Texarkana in Northeast Texas. At its western edge, East Texas overlaps with Central and North Texas; so cities like Bryan/College Station, Corsicana, and Greenville may be included in liberal definitions of East Texas. Houston Houston metropolitan area from space. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Flag of Beaumont, Texas Beaumont is a city and county seat of Jefferson County, Texas and is within the Beaumont—Port Arthur metropolitan area. ... Port Arthur is a town located in Jefferson County within the Beaumont–Port Arthur metropolitan area and is situated in East Texas. ... Orange is a city located in Orange County, Texas. ... Southeast Texas is a region in the southeast corner of the U.S. state of Texas. ... Lufkin is a city located in Angelina County, Texas. ... Nacogdoches (pronounced ) is a city located in Nacogdoches County, Texas. ... Deep East Texas is a subregion of East Texas in the US state of Texas. ... Nickname: Rose Captital of America Motto: Official website: www. ... Flag of Longview Longview is a city located in Texas. ... The Old Harrison County Courthouse in Whetstone Square is the centerpiece of the Wonderland of Lights, one of the largest light festivals in the United States, and is lit with thousands of lights during the celebration. ... The famous post office on state line in Texarkana TX/AR Texarkana is a city located in Bowie County, Texas and is situated in East Texas. ... Northeast Texas is a region in the northeast corner of the U.S. state of Texas. ... Central Texas (a part of which is Texas Hill Country), is a region in the U.S. state of Texas. ... North Texas is a distinct cultural and geographic area forming the central-northeastern section of the US state of Texas. ... Location in the state of Texas County Brazos County, Texas Area  - Total  - Water 112. ... City nicknames: Aggieland, heart of the Research Valley Location in the State of Texas County Brazos County Mayor Ron Silvia Area  - Land  - Water 104. ... Corsicana is a city located in Navarro County, Texas. ... Flag of Greenville Greenville is a city located in Hunt County, Texas. ...


Culture

Culturally East Texas is more closely akin to Arkansas, Louisiana, and even Mississippi than it is to West Texas. East Texas is in the Bible Belt creating a strong Fundamentalist Christian sentiment. Sizable Jewish communities have also thrived in Houston, Galveston and Marshall since the late 19th century. Though a fifth of Texas' population is now Hispanic, African Americans are still the most populous minority in East Texas. Hispanics outnumber African Americans in Houston. During the Civil Rights Movement, several communities clashed over integration. Official language(s) English Capital Jackson Largest city Jackson Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 32nd 125,443 km² 275 km 545 km 3 30°13N to 35°N 88°7W to 91°41W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 31st 2,697,243 23. ... West Texas is a region in Texas which has more in common geographically with the Southwestern United States than it does with East Texas and North Texas. ... The approximate extent of the Bible Belt, indicated in red A Bible Belt is an area in which Evangelical Protestantism is a pervasive or dominant part of the culture. ... In comparative religion, fundamentalism has come to refer to several different understandings of religious thought and practice, including literal interpretation of sacred texts such as the Bible or the Quran and sometimes also anti-modernist movements in various religions. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus Christ. ... Jews (Hebrew: יהודים, Yehudim) are followers of Judaism or, more generally, members of the Jewish people (also known as the Jewish nation, or the Children of Israel), an ethno-religious group descended from the ancient Israelites and converts who joined their religion. ... Nickname: Space City Official website: www. ... Nickname: Galveston Island Official website: City of Galveston Location Location in the state of Texas Government County Galveston Mayor Lyda Ann Thomas (D) Geographical characteristics Area Total km² Land km² Water km² Population Total ([[]]) Time zone CST (UTC−6) The City of Galveston is the county seat of Galveston County... The Old Harrison County Courthouse in Whetstone Square is the centerpiece of the Wonderland of Lights, one of the largest light festivals in the United States, and is lit with thousands of lights during the celebration. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that Hispano be merged into this article or section. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black), is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... The definition of a minority group can vary, depending on specific context, but generally refers to either a sociological sub-group that does not form either a majority or a plurality of the total population, or a group that, while not necessarily a numerical minority, is disadvantaged or otherwise has... The civil rights movement in the United States has been a long, primarily nonviolent struggle to bring full civil rights and equality under the law to all citizens of United States. ... Integration may be any of the following: In the most general sense, integration may be any bringing together of things: the integration of two or more economies, cultures, religions (usually called syncretism), etc. ...


The Museum of East Texas was opened in Lufkin in 1976 under the name the Lufkin Historical and Creative Arts Center. Lufkin is a city located in Angelina County, Texas. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ...


References

Books

  • Gone to Texas: Genealogical Abstracts from The Telegraph and Texas Register 1835-1841, compiled by Kevin Ladd
  • The EAST TEXAS SUNDAY DRIVE Book, by Bob Bowman ISBN 1878096001
  • Wild Flowers of the Big Thicket, East Texas, and Western Louisiana, by Geyata Ajilvsgi ISBN 0890960658

External links

The Handbook of Texas (ISBN 0-87611-151-7) is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Texas geography, history, and historical persons published jointly by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) and the General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin. ...

See also

List of Texas regions This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ...

Flag of Texas State of Texas
Texas Topics | History | Republic of Texas | Politics | Texans
Capital Austin
State flower
Regions
Arklatex | Big Bend | Brazos Valley | Central Texas | Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex | Deep East Texas | East Texas | Edwards Plateau | Galveston Bay | Golden Triangle | Greater Houston | North Texas | Northeast Texas | Permian Basin | Piney Woods | Rio Grande Valley | Texas Hill Country | Texas Panhandle | Llano Estacado | Southeast Texas | South Texas | West Texas
Texas state seal
Metropolitan areas
Abilene | Amarillo | AustinRound Rock | BeaumontPort Arthur | BrownsvilleHarlingen | BryanCollege Station | Corpus Christi | DallasFort WorthArlington | El Paso | HoustonSugar LandBaytown | KilleenTemple | Laredo | LongviewMarshall | Lubbock | McAllenEdinburgMission | MidlandOdessa | San Angelo | San Antonio | ShermanDenison | Texarkana | Tyler | Victoria | Waco | Wichita Falls
See also: List of Texas counties

  Results from FactBites:
 
East Texas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (929 words)
East Texas is a distinct cultural and geographic area in the U.S. state of Texas.
According to the Handbook of Texas, the East Texas area "may be separated from the rest of Texas roughly by a line extending from the Red River in north central Lamar County southwestward to east central Limestone County and then southeastward to Galveston Bay", though some separate the Gulf Coast area into a separate region.
East Texas' population is centered around Greater Houston and Beaumont/ Port Arthur/Orange in Southeast Texas, Lufkin/Nacogdoches in Deep East Texas, and Tyler, Longview/Marshall, and Texarkana in Northeast Texas.
East Texas Baptist University - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (250 words)
East Texas Baptist University or ETBU is a private Christian university associated with the Baptist General Convention of Texas in Marshall, Texas.
ETBU is situated on the highest point in Harrison County, on the former site of the Van Zandt Plantation.
ETBU was founded as the College of Marshall in 1912 after a campaign to create a Southern Baptist college in East Texas.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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