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Encyclopedia > East Tennessee

East Tennessee is a name given to approximately the eastern third of the state of Tennessee. Unlike the names given to regions or portions of many of U.S. states, the term East Tennessee can be precisely defined. It is the portion of the state located within the Eastern Time Zone and four counties in the Central Time Zone, namely Bledsoe, Cumberland, Marion, and Sequatchie Counties. East Tennessee is noted for its mountains, particularly the Great Smoky Mountains portion of the Appalachian Mountains, but in fact has many and varied landforms. East Tennessee is also known for being the birthplace of country music. Image File history File links East_Tennessee. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... EST is UTC-5 The North American Eastern Standard Time Zone (abbreviated EST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) resulting in UTC-5. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Standard Time Zone (CST) is a geographic region in the Americas that keeps time by subtracting six hours from UTC (UTC-6). ... Bledsoe County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... Cumberland County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... Marion County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... Sequatchie County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... A rainy day in the Great Smoky Mountains, Western North Carolina Appalachian Mountain system The Great Smoky Mountains are a major mountain range in the southern part of the Appalachian Mountains, the second ridge line forming a north-south running mountain chain from the Eastern United States and bordering the... Appalachians in North Carolina The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...

Contents

Cities

The major cities of East Tennessee are Knoxville and Chattanooga. Other important cities include the "Tri-Cities" of Bristol, Johnson City, and Kingsport located in the extreme northeastern most part of the state, an area previously and traditionally referred to by residents as Upper East Tennessee, although today the term Northeast Tennessee is preferred by people who do not live there. Nickname: Location within the U.S. State of Tennessee. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... In Tennessee, the name Tri-Cities refers to the region surrounding the cities of Kingsport, Johnson City, and Bristol. ... Nickname: Motto: A Good Place To Live Coordinates: , Country United States State Tennessee County Sullivan Government  - Mayor Jim Messimer Area  - City  29. ... Johnson City is a city in Washington County, Tennessee; however a small part of the city is located within Sullivan County, Tennessee, to the northeast and Carter County, Tennessee, to the southeast. ... Kingsport is a city located primarily in Sullivan County, and also partially in Hawkins County, Tennessee, United States. ...

East Tennessee Sunset
East Tennessee Sunset

Image File history File links EastTNmtns. ... Image File history File links EastTNmtns. ...

Higher education

East Tennessee is noted for the presence of many institutions of higher learning. The region's major public universities are the Knoxville and Chattanooga campuses of the University of Tennessee and East Tennessee State University in Johnson City. Private four-year institutions include Bryan College, Carson-Newman College, King College, Lee University, Lincoln Memorial University, Maryville College, Milligan College, Johnson Bible College, Tennessee Wesleyan College, and Tusculum College. Several public community colleges and vocational/technical schools also are located in the region. The University of Tennessee (UT), sometimes called the University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UT Knoxville or UTK), is the flagship institution of the statewide land-grant University of Tennessee public university system in the American state of Tennessee. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The University of Tennessee system is the statewide land-grant academic institution within the U.S. state of Tennessee, established by the Morrill Act of 1890. ... East Tennessee State University (abbreviated ETSU) was founded on October 2, 1911. ... Bryan College Bryan College is a private co-educational Christian college located in Dayton, Tennessee. ... Carson-Newman College is a historically Baptist liberal arts college located in Jefferson City, Tennessee, northeast of Knoxville. ... King College was established in 1867. ... Lee University Lee University is a private coeducational university located in Cleveland, Tennessee. ... Lincoln Memorial University is a private, fully-accredited four-year co-educational liberal arts college located in Harrogate, Tennessee. ... Maryville College is a private four-year liberal arts college in Maryville, Tennessee, near Knoxville. ... Milligan College is a church-related liberal arts college founded in 1866 located in Milligan College, Tennessee. ... View from the Chapel Johnson Bible College is a private college located six miles southeast of Knoxville, Tennessee. ... Tennessee Wesleyan College is a small liberal arts college founded in 1857 in the East Tennessee town of Athens. ... Tusculum College is a private four-year college affiliated with the Presbyterian Church located in Tusculum, Tennessee, a suburb of Greeneville, Tennessee. ...


Industry

Knoxville and Chattanooga also contain major operations of the Tennessee Valley Authority. The U.S. nuclear weapons program known as the Manhattan Project was largely developed during World War II at Oak Ridge. Kingsport is the home of Tennessee's largest single industrial employer, Eastman Chemical Company (approximately 7,500 employees in 2006, 14,000 in the 1960's). Eastman was formerly the chemical division of Kodak. East Tennessee is also home to the Aluminum Company of America, now Alcoa. Initially attracted to the area by its potential for low-cost hydroelectric development, Alcoa still maintains a major operation in its namesake town of Alcoa, just south of Knoxville. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ... The Manhattan Project resulted in the creation of the first nuclear weapons, and the first-ever nuclear detonation, known as the Trinity test of July 16, 1945. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Oak Ridge is an incorporated city in Anderson and Roane Counties in East Tennessee, about 25 miles northwest of Knoxville. ... Eastman Chemical Company (NYSE: EMN) is a large supplier of industrial chemicals, whose main manufacturing facility is located on Long Island in the Holston River in Kingsport, Tennessee. ... Eastman Kodak Company (NYSE: EK) is a large multinational public company producing photographic equipment. ... This article is about the company. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... Alcoa is a city in Blount County, Tennessee, United States, south of Knoxville. ...


Politics

East Tennessee is the only part of the state, and one of the few in the South, which has consistently voted Republican since Reconstruction. The region was the only area of the state that did not practice slavery on a wide scale. It was the only region to oppose secession before the Civil War, with the exception of Sullivan County, and as a result became an early base for the Republican Party. This allegiance has continued to this day. This article is 88 kilobytes or more in size. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... For other uses, see Reconstruction (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


The state's 1st and 2nd Congressional Districts, based in the Tri-Cities and Knoxville respectively, are considered to be so heavily Republican that Republican nomination is tantamount to a general election victory. When Tennessee seceded from the Union in 1861, the 1st and 2nd Districts' congressmen were the only ones not to resign from the U.S. House of Representatives. Similarly the only U.S. Senator from a seceding state who did not resign was Democrat, and later, National Union Party member Andrew Johnson, who was from Greeneville. The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Politics Portal      The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... 1864 National Union Party candidate and U.S. President-elect Abraham Lincoln 1864 National Union Party candidate and U.S. Vice President-elect Andrew Johnson U.S. Postmaster General, Montgomery Blair. ... For other persons of the same name, see Andrew Johnson (disambiguation). ...


The 2nd District has been held by Republicans continuously since 1859; the 1st has been held by Republicans for all but fifteen years since 1855. Democrats do slightly better in the 3rd District, based in Chattanooga, but that district has not supported a Democrat for President since 1956. Part of the region is in the more evenly split 4th District, which was created after the 1980 Census. The Twetieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,542,199, an increase of 11. ...


The influence of East Tennessee on statewide Republican politics was felt particularly strongly in the 1986 and 2002 races for governor of Tennessee. In 1986, former Republican Governor Winfield Dunn (1971-75) ran for the office again. However, 1st District Congressman Jimmy Quillen had never forgiven Dunn for his opposition to a medical school at East Tennessee State University. Quillen did not endorse Dunn and encouraged other East Tennessee Republicans not to endorse Dunn either. Although Dunn won the Republican nomination, lack of support in East Tennessee cost him any realistic chance of defeating Democrat Ned McWherter in November. Notes 1East was Secretary of State for Tennessee from 1862-1865, appointed by Andrew Johnson, the military governor of the state under Union occupation during the American Civil War. ... Bryant Winfield Culberson Dunn (born July 1, 1927) was governor of Tennessee from 1971 to 1975. ... James Henry Jimmy Quillen (January 11, 1916–November 2, 2003) was a Republican U.S. Representative from Tennessee from 1963 to 1997 [Selective Service System and U.S. Navy official records both cite Quillens date of birth as January 11, 1915]. Quillen was born in Scott County, Virginia, near... East Tennessee State University (abbreviated ETSU) was founded on October 2, 1911. ... Ned McWherter Ned Ray McWherter (born October 15, 1930) is an American politician who served as the 46th Governor of Tennessee from 1987 to 1995. ...


In 2002, former Nashville Mayor Phil Bredesen garnered more support in East Tennessee than was usually expected for a Democrat. He defeated Republican Van Hilleary (who is from Rhea County, near Chattanooga) largely by holding down his margins of defeat in East Tennessee; he actually carried Knoxville by 400 votes. The following is a list of the mayors of Nashville, Tennessee since the consolidation of the municipal government with Davidson County, Tennessee, forming the Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County: 1. ... Philip Norman Phil Bredesen (born November 21, 1943) is the 48th Governor of Tennessee, having served since 2003. ... Van Hilleary (born June 20, 1959) is a Tennessee Republican politician. ... Rhea County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ...


Despite the regional Republican majority, there are significant Democratic enclaves in Hamilton, Knox and Washington counties—home to Chattanooga, Knoxville and Johnson City respectively, and also home to the three largest colleges in the region. Democrats also garner support in coal mining areas and in the Oak Ridge area. Hamilton County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... Knox County is a county in the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Washington County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... Surface coal mining in Wyoming. ... Oak Ridge is an incorporated city in Anderson and Roane Counties in East Tennessee, about 25 miles northwest of Knoxville. ...


Geography

Unlike the geographic designations of regions of most U.S. states, the term East Tennessee has legal as well as socioeconomic meaning. East Tennessee, along with Middle Tennessee and West Tennessee, comprises one of the state's three Grand Divisions. According to the Tennessee State Constitution, no more than two of the state Tennessee Supreme Court's five justices can come from any one Grand Division. A similar rule applies to certain other commissions and boards as well, to prevent them from showing a geographic bias. The Grand Divisions are geographic, cultural, and legally recognized regions each compromising a third of the State of Tennessee. ... The Tennessee State Constitution defines the form, structure, activities, character, and fundamental rules (and means for changing them) of the U.S. State of Tennessee. ... The Tennessee Supreme Court is the highest appellate court of the State of Tennessee. ...


See also

The counties most commonly associated with Western North Carolina. ... It has been suggested that Poverty in Appalachia be merged into this article or section. ...

External links

  • East Tennessee Historical Society
  • DiscoverET.org, a general-purpose community website
  • East Tennessee at the Open Directory Project

  Results from FactBites:
 
East Tennessee Children's Hospital (508 words)
Located in Knoxville, Tennessee, we are a private, independent, not-for-profit pediatric medical center that has served the children of East Tennessee since 1937.
As the only medical center in East Tennessee devoted solely to children, Children's Hospital operates under one critically important guideline: children are not small adults.
East Tennessee Children's Hospital does not recommend self-treatment and advises that all decisions regarding medical conditions or patient care be made jointly by you and your child's qualified health care provider.
Middle East Tennessee Travel Directory-Smoky Mountains, Norris Lake, Cumberland Gap (455 words)
East Tennessee is home to some of the best Outlet Shopping in the USA and is located within minutes of other fun things to do.
East Tennessee is one of the most ideal destinations for last minute travel in the USA today!
The pages within our Vacation East Tennessee travel directory offer local events calendars, discount hotel lodging, vacation rental cabins, bed and breakfast accommodations, music theaters, shopping outlets, handmade arts and crafts, family fun attractions and amusements, and many venues for Tennessee history and culture.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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