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Encyclopedia > East Surrey Regiment
The East Surrey Regiment
Active 1881 - 1959
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Branch British Army
Type Infantry
Size Two Battalions
Battles/wars Sobroan (10th Feb.)
Ypres (23rd April)

The East Surrey Regiment was a regiment in the British Army formed in 1881 from the amalgamation of the 31st (Huntingdonshire) Regiment of Foot and the 70th (Surrey) Regiment of Foot . Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The 31st (Huntingdonshire) Regiment of Foot was a Line Regiment of the British Army first formed in 1694. ... The 70th (Surrey) Regiment of Foot was a regiment of the British Army formed in 1758 and united with the 31st (Huntingdonshire) Regiment of Foot in 1881 to form The East Surrey Regiment . ...

Contents

History

Early history

The 1st Battalion, after formation, was based in various garrisons around the British Empire but did not see major action until the First World War in 1914. The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


The 2nd Battalion on the other hand was in action soon after formation, being part of the British expedition to the Sudan in 1884. This battalion also took part in the Anglo-Boer War that started in 1899. They took part in the Relief of Ladysmith , the Battle of Tugela Heights and Laing's Nek. After South Africa the battalion was shipped to India in 1903 where they remained until the out break of World War I. Combatants British Empire Orange Free State South African Republic Commanders Sir Redvers Buller Lord Kitchener Lord Roberts Paul Kruger Louis Botha Koos de la Rey Martinus Steyn Christiaan de Wet Casualties 5000 - 6000 Battlefield casualties, 15,000 disease related. ... Combatants Great Britain Boers Commanders Lt. ... Laings Nek, or Langs Nek is a pass through the Drakensberg, South Africa, immediately north of Majuba, at an elevation of 5400 to 6000 ft. ...


First World War

Second World War

1st Battalion

The 1st Battalion was based in England at the out break of the Second World War as part of the 4th Infantry Division. It was sent to France with the British Expeditionary Force in 1940. After returning to the United Kingdom after the evacuation from Dunkirk the 1st Battalion was reformed and attached to the 78th Infantry Division for the operations in Tunisia during the North African Campaign in 1943. The battalion then served in the Italian Campaign and later the re-occupation of Greece from 1944 to 1945. Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 967 AD  Area  -  Total 130,395 km²  50,346 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The British 4th Infantry Division served during World War II in France in 1940, North Africa and Italy. ... The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British army sent to France and Belgium in World War I and British Forces in Europe from 1939–1940 during World War II. The BEF was established by Secretary of State for War Richard Haldane following the Second Boer War in case the... For other uses of Dunkirk or Dunkerque, see Dunkirk (disambiguation). ... The British 78th Infantry Division also known as the Battleaxe Division fought in the Second World War in North Africa and Italy. ... During World War II, the North African Campaign, also known as the Desert War, took place in the North African desert from September 13, 1940 to May 13, 1943. ... Artillery being landed during the invasion of mainland Italy at Salerno, September 1943. ...


2nd Battalion

In 1940 the 2nd Battalion was shipped from China to Malaya where it was attached to 11th Indian Division based in North West Malaya. In December 1941 the Japanese Army invaded Malaya after landing in southern Thailand. The 2nd East Surreys suffered tremendous casualties during the defence and retreat from this part of Malaya. The battalion was amalgamated with the 1st Battalion, The Leicestershire Regiment to form the British Battalion on the 19th December 1941 . This unit fought gallantly through out the rest of the short campaign until the surrender of the British Army at Singapore in February 1942. Map of Peninsular Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia (Malay: Semenanjung Malaysia) is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula, and shares a land border with Thailand in the north. ... The 11th Indian Infantry Division was a Indian division which formed part of Indian III Corps in the British forces during the Battle of Malaya. ... Combatants British Army, Indian Army, Australian Army, Federated Malay States Volunteer Forces Imperial Japanese Army Commanders Arthur Percival Tomoyuki Yamashita Strength 140,000 70,000 Casualties 5,000 killed, 50,000 prisoners of war no more than 34,000 The Battle of Malaya was a conflict between a Commonwealth army... The Royal Leicestershire Regiment was an infantry regiment of the line in the British Army, with a history going back to 1688. ... The British Battalion (1936-1938) was the 16th battalion of the International Brigades during the Spanish Civil War. ... (Redirected from 19th December) December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


In May 1942 the 2nd Battalion was reformed from the redesignation of the 11th Battalion. It did not see further action in the Second World War.


Corporal Charles "Nobby" Hibbert, of the 2nd battalion, the East Surrey regiment, wrote an informal unpublished memoir shortly before his death at the age of 49 in 1969 in Stevenage, Herts, England, his health undermined fatally by his experiences as a Japanese prisoner of war in the far East. The book, which he called The Wheel of Fortune, descibed vividly in colloquial London English, the lost battle for Malaysia and the grimness of life under the loathsome prison camp regime in Borneo. His memoir also touches on the Chinese leg of the battalion's far eastern spell that ended in heoroic disaster.


Amalgamation

The 2nd Battalion was disbanded in 1948 and its personnel joined the 1st Battalion. In 1959 the East Surreys were amalgamated with The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) to form the The Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment. The Queens Royal Surrey Regiment was an infantry regiment of the British Army. ...


External links

  • British Regiments Site
  • The East Surrey Regiment history

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (239 words)
The Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment was an infantry regiment of the British Army.
As a consequence of defence cuts in the late 1950s, the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) and the East Surrey Regiment were amalgamated on 14th October 1959 to form the 1st Battalion, Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment.
In 1966 the Regiment's short existence came to an end when it, along with the three other remaining regiments of the Home Counties Brigade, was amalagamated to form The Queen's Regiment, one of the new 'large' regiments that were formed in the 1960s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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