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Encyclopedia > East Palo Alto, California
City of East Palo Alto, California
Nickname: EPA
Location in San Mateo County and the state of California
Location in San Mateo County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°28′1″N 122°8′23″W / 37.46694, -122.13972
Country United States
State California
County San Mateo
Government
 - Mayor Ruben Abrica
Area
 - City  2.6 sq mi (6.7 km²)
 - Land  2.5 sq mi (6.6 km²)
 - Water  0.04 sq mi (0.1 km²)
Elevation  20 ft (6 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 29,506
 - Density 11,585.5/sq mi (4,467.6/km²)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
FIPS code 06-20956
GNIS feature ID 1658461
Website: http://www.ci.east-palo-alto.ca.us

East Palo Alto (often called EPA) is a city in San Mateo County, California, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 29,506 (31,915: 2003 estimate). It is situated on the San Francisco Peninsula, roughly halfway between the cities of San Francisco and San Jose. To the east is the San Francisco Bay, and to the west the prosperous city of Palo Alto. While East Palo Alto is still widely assumed to be part of the city of Palo Alto[1][2], it has always been a separate entity from Palo Alto, even before it became incorporated as a city, with an entirely different demographic makeup. Though the two cities are separated only by San Francisquito Creek, they are worlds apart culturally and economically. (Although they are in different counties, East Palo Alto and Palo Alto share both telephone area codes and postal ZIP codes.) // A nickname is a name of a person or thing other than its proper name. ... Image File history File links San_Mateo_County_California_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_East_Palo_Alto_Highlighted. ... San Mateo County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The U.S. state of California is divided into 58 counties. ... San Mateo County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Pacific Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... PDT is UTC-7 The Pacific Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-8). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... San Mateo County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... USGS Satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Government  - Mayor Yoriko Kishimoto[1] Area  - City 25. ... Downtown Palo Alto Palo Alto is a city in Santa Clara County, in the San Francisco Bay Area of California, USA. Palo Alto is located at the northern end of the Silicon Valley, and is home to Stanford University (which is technically located in an adjacent area — Stanford, California... A demographic or demographic profile is a term used in marketing and broadcasting, to describe a demographic grouping or a market segment. ... The San Francisquito Creek is a creek that flows into San Francisco Bay in California, United States of America. ... Mr. ...


Although half of East Palo Alto's residents were African Americans in 1990, Latinos now constitute about three-fifths of the total population, while the proportion of African Americans has decreased to about 20%. A small minority of Pacific Islander population also resides in East Palo Alto, mostly Tongans with some Samoans and Fijians [citation needed]. East Palo Alto has the largest concentration of Pacific Islanders of any U.S. city or town outside of Hawaii[citation needed]. An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,931 sq mi (29,311 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ...


East Palo Alto has an unenviable reputation for crime and poverty, a reputation well deserved during the 1980s and early 1990s (in 1992, the city had the highest per-capita murder rate in the country with 42 murders[3]). Since then the city's crime problems have somewhat subsided, although the prosperity which lavished the Silicon Valley during the dot-com boom of the late 1990s largely bypassed East Palo Alto. The Ravenswood City School District, which serves East Palo Alto and part of adjoining Menlo Park, has struggled with low academic performance and allegedly corrupt leadership. Eventually, however, the Peninsula's shortage of land and soaring property prices meant that even East Palo Alto became an option for urban regeneration. Until recently, East Palo Alto has been spared gentrification. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ... Dot-com (also dotcom or redundantly dot. ... The Ravenswood City School District is a public school district in the San Francisco Bay Area servings the communities of East Palo Alto and eastern Menlo Park. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...


East Palo Alto also includes a small piece of land across the Bayshore Freeway from the shopping center, a roughly triangular area between Highway 101 and the San Francisquito Creek, which includes a former two-block-long retail business district known as Whiskey Gulch. (The name dates back to the time that Stanford University, in Palo Alto to the west, was dry and prohibited alcohol sales within a radius of one mile from the campus: Whiskey Gulch was just outside the limits, and was home to a number of liquor stores and bars.) The city has torn down Whiskey Gulch and replaced it with the University Circle office complex.[4] A 200-room Four Seasons hotel opened in University Circle in 2006 after numerous delays to serve the Silicon Valley market. The new hotel is being promoted as the most lavish and luxurious full-sized hotel available in the mid-Peninsula and West Valley area, but has had problems with settling into the bay landfill onto which it has been built (evidence of which was not noticed until windows built for it would not fit into their frames). JUNCTION POSTMILE I-5 LA 0. ... “Stanford” redirects here. ... Four Seasons The Four Seasons Hotel TSX: FSH.SV NYSE: FS chain consists of many hotels and resorts aimed at the top of the hotel market, as well as the wealthy. ...

Contents

History

The Ohlone tribe of Native Americans inhabitated this area at least by 1500 to 1000 BC. One tumulus was discovered in 1951 during development of the University Village subdivision near today's Costaño School. After a year-long excavation of 60 graves and 3000 artifacts, researchers concluded Native Americans had utilized the area as a cemetery and camp, rather than as a permanent settlement. In later years another mound was found near Willow Road and the railroad right-of-way.[5] The town was formerly called Ravenswood, then became East Palo Alto, and was nearly renamed Nairobi in 1968.[6] For the college of the same name, see Ohlone College. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... A tumulus (plural tumuli, from the Latin word for mound or small hill, from the root to bulge, swell also found in ) is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves. ... Castle Ashby Graveyard Northamptonshire A cemetery is a place in which dead bodies and cremated remains are buried. ... A right-of-way (plural: rights-of-way) is an easement or strip of land granted to a railroad company upon which to build a railroad. ...


In the early twentieth century, EPA was a diverse community, racially and socially mixed, largely working class. In the early 1960s, a few real-estate brokers waged a blockbusting campaign. When African Americans asked about buying a house, they were steered to EPA. Whenever a black family bought a house, the broker's card would appear in the mailboxes next door, reading: "A black family moved next door. Call me."[citation needed] Predictably, this produced a supply of leads. A tipping point was quickly reached: within a few years, EPA became mostly black. This article needs to be expanded. ...


Significant gentrification occurred in East Palo Alto from around 2000, with the construction of a large shopping center named Ravenswood 101 (including branches of Home Depot and Best Buy, and a controversial [citation needed] IKEA store) and several upscale housing communities (intended for high-earning Silicon Valley workers). This gentrification has faced opposition from local residents. Some residents charge that it serves to price locals out of one of the region's only affordable communities while providing only low-paying jobs in the retail developments and consuming an increasing proportion of the tiny city's land area (2.5 square miles). The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see mall. ... The Home Depot (NYSE: HD) is an American retailer of home improvement and construction products and services. ... For the defunct chain of catalog showrooms, see Best Products. ... Map of countries with IKEA stores. ...


Incorporation

Until 1983, East Palo Alto existed as an unincorporated "island" in San Mateo County, dependant on county government for services and on the San Mateo County Sheriff for police protection. After several years of pro-incorporation campaigning by local community groups, a 1982 ballot measure that was stopped by a lawsuit, and a subsequent election the next year, East Palo Alto became a city in June 1983. (Due to subsequent legal challenges to the last ballot measure, it wasn't until 1987 that the city was officially recognized as such. The legal challenges were led by former U.S. Congressman Pete McCloskey, who represented one of the real-estate brokers whose original blockbusting campaign had turned EPA into a mostly-black ghetto.[citation needed]) Paul Norton Pete McCloskey Jr. ... A ghetto is an area where people from a specific racial or ethnic background live as a group in seclusion, voluntarily or involuntarily. ...


As an indication of the political orientation of those who formed the new city, one of the first actions of the city council was to propose a "strong" rent-control ordinance that was put up for a vote and passed, making East Palo Alto one of the handful of cities in California with such measures ("strong" rent control meaning vacancy control, which prohibits rent increases when tenants move out of a rental unit)[7]. Rent control refers to laws or ordinances that set price controls on the renting of residential housing. ...


Geography

37°28′1″N, 122°8′23″W (37.467038, -122.139699)GR1 in San Mateo County.


Despite its name, East Palo Alto lies almost entirely north, and not east, of Palo Alto. It is bordered on the west by Menlo Park and Palo Alto, and to the east by the San Francisco Bay. (The San Francisquito Creek defines its western edge.) To the north are Ravenswood Point and the western end of the Dumbarton Bridge in Menlo Park. Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Government  - Mayor Yoriko Kishimoto[1] Area  - City 25. ... Menlo Park is a city in San Mateo County, California in the United States of America. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... The Dumbarton Bridge is the southernmost of the highway bridges that span the San Francisco Bay in California. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.7 km² (2.6 mi²). 6.6 km² (2.5 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it (0.78%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 29,506 people, 6,976 households, and 5,273 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,467.6/km² (11,585.5/mi²). There were 7,091 housing units at an average density of 1,073.7/km² (2,784.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 26.98% White, 23.03% African American, 0.83% Native American, 2.23% Asian, 7.63% Pacific Islander (mainly Tongan and Samoan immigrants)[citation needed], 34.73% from other races, and 4.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 58.79% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 6,976 households out of which 47.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 19.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.20 and the average family size was 4.64. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 35.0% under the age of 18, 13.4% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 14.0% from 45 to 64, and 5.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 106.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.9 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $45,006, and the median income for a family was $44,342. Males had a median income of $26,631 versus $27,044 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,774. About 13.5% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over. For information on the income of individuals, see Personal income in the United States. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Transportation and environment

East Palo Alto is bisected by U.S. Highway 101, which has exits serving the city; a frontage road parallels both sides of this freeway fully controlled access facility. The Dumbarton Bridge Connects East Palo Alto to Alameda County, which lies to the east across San Francisco Bay. When the current bridge was planned in the 1970s, Caltrans conducted extensive environmental research on the aquatic and terrestrial environment. Principal concerns of the public were air pollution and noise pollution impacts, particularly in some residential areas of Menlo Park and East Palo Alto. Studies were conducted to produce contour maps of projected sound levels and carbon monoxide concentrations throughout the western approaches, for each alternative connection scheme.[8] U.S. Highway 101, or U.S. Route 101 (often just U.S. 101), is a north-south highway that is aligned along the Pacific West Coast of the United States. ... The Dumbarton Bridge is the southernmost of the highway bridges that span the San Francisco Bay in California. ... Alameda County is a suburban county in Californias San Francisco Bay Area. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... Caltrans logo The soaring ramps in the stack interchanges favored by Caltrans often provide stunning views. ... Various species of reef fish in the Hawaiian Islands. ... A landform comprises a geomorphological unit, and is largely defined by its surface form and location in the landscape, as part of the terrain, and as such, is typically an element of topography. ... Air pollution is a chemical, particulate matter, or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere. ... Noise pollution (or environmental noise in technical venues) is displeasing human or machine created sound that disrupts the environment. ... Menlo Park is the name of some places in the United States of America: Menlo Park, California Menlo Park, New Jersey (See also Menlo. ... East Palo Alto (or simply EPA) is a city located in San Mateo County, California, United States. ... Example of a topographic map with contour lines Topographic maps, also called contour maps, topo maps or topo quads (for quadrangles), are maps that show topography, or land contours, by means of contour lines. ... Sound pressure level (SPL) or sound level Lp is a logarithmic measure of the energy of a particular noise relative to a reference noise source. ... Carbon monoxide, with the chemical formula CO, is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas. ...


East Palo Alto gets little noise pollution from the Dumbarton Bridge; however, it is close enough to Mountain View's Shoreline Amphitheatre to get nontrivial noise pollution during loud rock concerts. The Dumbarton Bridge is the southernmost of the highway bridges that span the San Francisco Bay in California. ... Mountain View is the name of some places in the United States of America: Mountain View, Arkansas Mountain View, Contra Costa County, California - near Martinez, California Mountain View, Santa Clara County, California - in the Silicon Valley Mountain View Acres, California San Bernardino County Mountain View, Colorado Mountain View, Hawaii Mountain... Shoreline Amphitheatre as seen from ground level Aerial photograph of Shoreline Amphitheatre, with the parking lots and the neighbouring golf course Shoreline Amphitheatre is an outdoor amphitheater in Mountain View, California, USA, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ...


The local area around the bridge is an important ecological area, hosting many species of birds, fish and mammals. The endangered species California clapper rail is known to be present in the western bridge terminus area. The Siberian Tiger is a subspecies of tiger that are critically endangered. ... Trinomial name Rallus longirostris obsoletus Ridgway, 1874 The California Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris obsoletus) is an endangered subspecies of the Clapper Rail (. It is found principally in Californias San Francisco Bay, and also in Monterey Bay and Morro Bay. ...


East Palo Alto is the home of the Major Taylor Cycling Club, named after the famous African-American bicycle racer "Major" Marshall Taylor. Marshall Walter (Major) Taylor (November 26, 1878 - June 21, 1932) was the cyclist who won the world 1-mile cycling championship in 1899, 1990, and 1901. ...


References

  1. ^ "The History of East Palo Alto", EPA.net website, accessed January 22, 2007. 
  2. ^ City of East Palo Alto 2005 Urban Water Management Plan (PDF) page 14. City of East Palo Alto (January 3, 2006).
  3. ^ "East Palo Alto regarded as 'drug haven'", January 30, 2002. 
  4. ^ Environmental Impact Report for the University Circle Redevelopment Plan, Report EMI7770, City of East Palo Alto
  5. ^ Native American History of East Palo Alto
  6. ^ Acceptable Use - The History of East Palo Alto
  7. ^ City of East Palo Alto Resolutions. City of East Palo Alto.
  8. ^ C.M. Hogan, Leda Patmore, Harry Seidman et al., Air Quality and Acoustics Analysis for the Dumbarton Bridge Replacement Project, ESL Inc., prepared for the Bay Area Civision of Toll Crossings (1973)

is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...

External links

Coordinates: 37.467038° N 122.139699° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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