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Encyclopedia > East New York, Brooklyn

East New York is a primarily low to middle income neighborhood in the borough of Brooklyn in New York City. It was originally envisioned as an eastern counterpart to Manhattan, hence the name. A map highlighting Brooklyn and the rest of New York City. ... New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the most populous city in the United States, the most densely populated major city in North America, and is at the center of international finance, politics, entertainment, and culture. ... Manhattan Borough,highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ...


East New York, with its declining manufacturing and industrial base, is economically depressed, which has created a host of socioeconomic problems, including widespread unemployment. Dorothea Langes Migrant Mother depicts destitute pea pickers in California during the Great Depression. ...


Walter Thabit, a city planner for East New York, chronicled in his book, How East New York Became a Ghetto, the change in population from mostly working-class Italians and Jewish residents to impoverished residents, 86% of whom are of Puerto Rican and African-American descent. Thabit argues that landlords and real estate agents played a significant role in the downturn of the area. Puerto Ricans were moving in masses to New York City in the late 1950s, at a time when umemployment rates in Puerto Rico soared to 25 percent, and unfair import-export rates favouring the United States left Puerto Rico on the brink of poverty. Similarly, many African-Americans were migrating northward in the post-war era. Paris, France: One of the worlds great cities that began unplanned, but was later re-engineered through the construction of an extensive system of wide boulevards overlaid on the medieval street grid, by the Baron Haussmann under the reign of Napoleon III in the 19th century. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black), is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... // Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the height of the baby boom from returning...


Once Black and Puerto Rican people moved into the neighborhood, landlords and real estate agents used scare tactics to encourage Italians and Jews to leave, citing that the "time to sell is now." At the same time, landlords were taking advantage of new residents by charging them high down payments and gouging them on rent payments. They would then evict tenants at the first possible opportunity, keeping the down payment to themselves.


Thabit also describes how the construction of public housing projects in East New York further contributed to its decline, noting that many of the developments were built by corrupt managers and contractors. He argues that the city government largely ignored the community, when it could have helped turn it around. Public housing or social housing is a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. ...


However, in recent years, East New York has begun to reverse the negative trend. New developments are rising in the area, including a shopping center near the shorefront and numerous mixed-income, low-density housing projects. Although the neighborhood does not contain the allure towards 'hipsters' and families needed to truly ignite a strong positive chain reaction, definite progress has been made. Significant challenges remain, including a high percentage of vacant land, inefficient schools, troublesome public housing, high unemployment, very high crime, and racial tensions among the community. Only time will tell if these problems can be eliminated.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Brooklyn - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3225 words)
In the space of a decade, it annexed the Town of New Lots in 1886, the Town of Flatbush, the Town of Gravesend, and the Town of New Utrecht in 1894, and the Town of Flatlands in 1896.
In 1898, Brooklyn residents voted by a slight majority to join with Manhattan, the Bronx, Queens and Richmond (later Staten Island) as the five boroughs to form the modern City of Greater New York.
Brooklyn's most beloved and cherished institution had left, and the move is cited by some historians as one of the catalysts for the decline of Brooklyn in the 1960s and 1970s.
East New York, Brooklyn - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (378 words)
East New York is a primarily low to middle income neighborhood in the borough of Brooklyn in New York City.
East New York, with its declining manufacturing and industrial base, is economically depressed, which has created a host of socioeconomic problems, including widespread unemployment.
Puerto Ricans were moving in masses to New York City in the late 1950s, at a time when umemployment rates in Puerto Rico soared to 25 percent, and unfair import-export rates favouring the United States left Puerto Rico on the brink of poverty.
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