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Encyclopedia > East Kalimantan
East Kalimantan
Motto: Ruhui Rahayu
Map of Indonesia showing East Kalimantan province
Capital Samarinda
Governor Yurnalis Ngayoh
Area 220,400 km² (85,112 mi²)
Population 2,452,000 (2000)[1]
Ethnic groups Javanese (30%), Bugis (18%), Banjarese (14%), Kutai (9%) [2]
Religion Muslim (85.2%), Protestant & Catholic (13.2%), Buddhist (0.62%), Hindu (0.19%)
Languages
Time zone WITA (UTC+8)
Web site www.kaltimprov.go.id

East Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Timur abbrv. Kaltim) is Indonesian province on the east of Borneo island. The resource-rich province has two major cities, Samarinda (the capital and a center for timber product) and Balikpapan (a petroleum center with oil refinery). Ever since Indonesia opened its mineral and natural resources for foreign investment in 1970s, East Kalimantan province has experienced major boost of timber, petroleum and other exotic forest products. The state-owned petroleum company Pertamina has been operated in the area since it took control oil refinery from the Royal Dutch Shell company in 1965. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... map of province of Indonesia File links The following pages link to this file: East Kalimantan Categories: GFDL images ... Each Provinces of Indonesia has its own capital, where local judicial, administrative and legislative duties are centred. ... Samarinda is the capital of East Kalimantan Province. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Javanese is a term used to describe a native of the Indonesian island of Java. ... The Bugis are the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of South Sulawesi, the southwestern province of Sulawesi, Indonesias third largest island. ... Banjar (or Banjarese) is the name of a Malay ethnic group which consists of a majority of people now living in the vicinity of the city of Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia, the biggest city on the island of Borneo. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... A Hindu ( , Devanagari: हिन्दु), as per modern definition, is an adherent of the philosophies and scriptures of Hinduism, and the religious, philosophical and cultural system that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... In Indonesia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones: Indonesian Western Standard Time (Indonesian: Waktu Indonesia Barat/WIB) (UTC+7) WIB is observed in islands of Sumatra, Java, provinces of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Indonesian Central Standard Time (Waktu Indonesia Tengah/WITA) (UTC+8) WITA... In Indonesia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones: Indonesian Western Standard Time (Indonesian: Waktu Indonesia Barat/WIB) (UTC+7) WIB is observed in islands of Sumatra, Java, provinces of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Indonesian Central Standard Time (Waktu Indonesia Tengah/WITA) (UTC+8) WITA... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... The province (Indonesian: provinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Kalimantan. ... Samarinda is the capital of East Kalimantan Province. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Pertamina (Perusahaan Tambang Minyak Negara, lit. ... Royal Dutch Shell PLC is a multinational oil company (oil major) of British and Dutch origins. ...


The population is a mixture of people from the Indonesian archipelago with Dayaks and Kutai as indigenous ethnic groups living in rural areas. Prominent other migrant ethnic groups include Javanese, Chinese, Banjarese, Bugis and Malays, of which mostly live in coastal areas. The Dayak (or Dyak) are indigenous natives of Borneo. ... The Javanese are an ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Java. ... Banjar (or Banjarese) is the name of a Malay ethnic group which consists of a majority of people now living in the vicinity of the city of Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia, the biggest city on the island of Borneo. ... The Bugis are the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of South Sulawesi, the southwestern province of Sulawesi, Indonesias third largest island. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

History

This province known as the location of the oldest Hindu kingdom in Indonesia, Kutai, the existence of which is attested to by a stone manuscript, or Prasasti, which is now kept in the National Museum in Jakarta. The manuscript is written in the Pallawa alphabet and the Sanskrit language. The replica of this manuscript can be seen in the Governor's Office in Samarinda. Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Samarinda is the capital of East Kalimantan Province. ...


Administration

East Kalimantan is divided into 9 regencies and 4 cities.
The regencies are: A regency (kabupaten) is a political subdivision of a province in Indonesia. ...

  1. Pasir Regency
  2. Penajam Paser Utara Regency
  3. Kutai Kartanegara Regency
  4. West Kutai Regency
  5. East Kutai Regency
  6. Bulungan Regency
  7. Berau Regency
  8. Malinau Regency
  9. Nunukan Regency

The cities are: Bulungan Regency is a regency of East Kalimantan in Indonesia. ... Nunukan is a regency of East Kalimantan in Indonesia. ...

  1. Balikpapan
  2. Samarinda
  3. Bontang
  4. Tarakan

This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Samarinda is the capital of East Kalimantan Province. ... Bontang (Indonesia) Bontang is a city on the eastern coast of the island Borneo in Indonesia. ... Tarakan is an island in the Kalimantan Timur province of Indonesia. ...

Ecology

The main problem in this province is the illegal logging which destroyed almost all the rainforest. Less than half the original rainforest still remains, in places such as the Kayan Mentarang National Park in the northern part of the province. Kayan Mentarang National Park is a densely forested park in Northern Indonesia. ...


Economy

East Kalimantan heavily depends on earth resources activity such as oilfield exploration, natural gas, as well as coal and gold mining. Balikpapan has an oil refinery plant that was primarily built by Dutch governance before World War II, destroyed during World War II, and rebuilt by Indonesia Governance. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Other developing economic sectors includes agriculture and tourism. East Kalimantan has several tourist destination such as Derawan Islands in Berau Regency, Kayan Mentarang National Park ini Nunukan, Crocodile Husbandry in Balikpapan, deer husbandry in Penajam, Dayak's (native Kalimantan people) Pampang Village in Samarinda and many others. The Derawan Islands (Indonesian: Kepulauan Derawan) are in Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, Indonesia covering Derawan, Sangalaki, Kakaban, Maratua, Panjang, and Samama Island as well as several submerged reefs and small islets, are located in the Sulawesi Sea, on the coastal shelf of East Kalimantan (2°17N - 113°13E). ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Samarinda is the capital of East Kalimantan Province. ...


The main problem to developing economic growth is lack of transportation infrastructure. Transportation depends on traditional boats connecting coastal cities and areas along main river, Mahakam River. The Mahakam River flows 980 km from the highlands of Borneo, district Long Apari to its mouth in Makassar Strait. ...


References

  1. ^ INDONESIA: Population and Administrative Divisions. The Permanent Committee on Geographical Names (2003).
  2. ^ (2003) Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 

External links

Indonesia Portal
  • WWF Heart of Borneo conservation initiative - Information about the Heart of Borneo - 220,000 km² of upland montane tropical rainforest, where endangered species such as the orang-utan, rhinoceros and pygmy elephant cling for survival.
Provinces of Indonesia Flag of Indonesia
Sumatra: Aceh | North Sumatra | West Sumatra | Bengkulu | Riau | Riau Islands | Jambi | South Sumatra | Lampung | Bangka-Belitung Islands
Java: Jakarta | West Java | Banten | Central Java | Yogyakarta | East Java
Kalimantan: West Kalimantan | Central Kalimantan | South Kalimantan | East Kalimantan
Lesser Sunda Islands: Bali | West Nusa Tenggara | East Nusa Tenggara
Sulawesi: West Sulawesi | North Sulawesi | Central Sulawesi | South Sulawesi | South East Sulawesi | Gorontalo
Maluku Islands and
New Guinea:
Maluku | North Maluku | West Papua | Papua

Coordinates: 1°30′N, 116°30′E Image File history File links Portal. ... The province (Indonesian: provinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... Aceh (IPA pronunciation: , pronounced approximately Ah-Cèh, but with [e], not [ei] at the end) is a special territory (daerah istimewa) of Indonesia, located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra. ... Map of North Sumatra province within Indonesia North Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Utara) is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ... Motto: Tuah Sakato. ... Bengkulu is a province of Indonesia. ... Map of Indonesia showing Riau province Riau is a province of Indonesia, located in the center of Sumatra island along the Strait of Malacca. ... The Riau Islands (Kepulauan Riau (Kepri for short) or sometimes Riau Kepulauan in Bahasa Indonesia) are a province and a group of islands in Indonesia, located south of Singapore, off the eastern coast of Riau province on Sumatra island. ... For other uses, see Jambi (disambiguation). ... Map of South Sumatra province in Indonesia South Sumatra or Sumatera Selatan is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ... Lampung is a province of Indonesia, located on the southern tip of the island of Sumatra. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ... Map showing Banten within Indonesia Banten is one of the provinces of Indonesia and located at the western end of the island of Java. ... Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ... The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is a province of Indonesia. ... Kalimantan is the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. ... West Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Barat often abbreviated to Kalbar) is a province of Indonesia. ... Central Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Tengah often abbreviated to Kalteng) is a province of Indonesia, one of four in Kalimantan - the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Map of Lesser Sunda Islands Satellite picture of the Lesser Sunda Islands The Nusa Tenggara (lit. ... Bali is an Indonesian island located at , the westernmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands, lying between Java to the west and Lombok to the east. ... Map showing West Nusa Tenggara province in Indonesia West Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Barat) is a province in south-central Indonesia. ... Map showing East Nusa Tenggara province in Indonesia East Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Timur) a province of Indonesia, located in the eastern portion Lesser Sunda Islands, including West Timor. ... Location of Sulawesi Island (light green) among the various islands of Indonesia. ... Map showing West Sulawesi province within Indonesia West Sulawesi or Sulawesi Barat (short form Sulbar) is the 33rd province of Indonesia, created in 2004. ... Map showing North Sulawesi province in Indonesia North Sulawesi or Sulawesi Utara is a province of Indonesia. ... Map of Central Sulawesi province within Indonesia Central Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tengah) is one of Indonesias provinces located in the heart of Sulawesi Island. ... Map showing South Sulawesi province within Indonesia South Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Selatan) is a province of Indonesia, located on Sulawesi island. ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Map showing Gorontalo province in Indonesia Gorontalo is a province of Indonesia. ... The Maluku Islands (also known as the Moluccas, Moluccan Islands or simply Maluku) are an archipelago in Indonesia, and part of the larger Malay Archipelago. ... Maluku is a province of Indonesia, comprising, broadly, the southern part of the Maluku Islands (also known as the Moluccas, Molucca Islands or Moluccan Islands). ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Map showing West Papua province in Indonesia Map of West Papua West Papua (Indonesian: Papua Barat; formerly West Irian Jaya or Irian Jaya Barat) is a province of Indonesia on the western end of the island of New Guinea. ... Papua is a province of Indonesia comprising a majority part of the western half of the island of New Guinea and nearby islands (see also Western New Guinea). ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
The History of East Kalimantan (327 words)
East Kalimantan is the biggest province in Kalimantan Island cover region with a width of 245237 Km2 with number of populations more than two millions men.
East Kalimantan is the richest of natural sources area in Kalimantan.
Kalimantan was known as one of main oil producer area in Indonesia.
Nature Field Guide :: Nature Project Profiles :: East Kalimantan, Indonesia (531 words)
The dense forests of northeastern Borneo, in the province of East Kalimantan, conceal an otherworldly realm.
Because large sections of the isolated rain forests of East Kalimantan have never been explored, it is likely that some inhabitants remain to be discovered.
East Kalimantan was spared the devastating fires of the early 1980s and late 1990s and today survives as one of Indonesia’s last pristine wildernesses—one of only a few forest refuges large enough to support viable populations of orangutans.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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