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Encyclopedia > East Coast hip hop
East Coast hip hop
Stylistic origins
A form of hip hop music that combines the elements of Jamaican Dancehall toasting with the rhythms of R&B, disco and funk along with soul
Cultural origins
Late 1960s to Early 1970s South Bronx, New York City
Typical instruments
Mainstream popularity Became a staple of popular music in the late 1980s; dominant in the late 1990s.
Subgenres
Alternative hip hop - Jazz rap - Hardcore rap - Horrorcore - Mafioso rap - Pop-rap - Latin rap - Gangsta rap
Regional scenes
New York City - Philadelphia - New Jersey - Boston - Baltimore - Washington, D.C.
Other topics
Roots of hip hop - Hip hop culture - Timeline of hip hop - Old school hip hop - The golden age of hip hop - Five Percent Nation - East Coast-West Coast hip hop rivalry

East Coast hip hop is a style of hip hop music that originated in New York City during the early-1970s. Famous East Coast rappers are Puff Daddy, Notorious B.I.G, the Wu-Tang Clan, Nas, Jay-Z, Mobb Deep, Run-D.M.C., and many more. East Coast hip hop emerged as a definitive subgenre after artists from other regions of the United States, West Coast hip hop, Southern hip hop and Midwest hip hop, emerged with different styles. It has since grown into a major subgenre of hip hop, and has played an instrumental role in hip hop history. East Coast hip hop has developed several creative epicenters and local scenes within the Northeastern United States, most of which are primarily located within African American and Hispanic urban centers. Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Dancehall is a type of Jamaican popular music which developed around the late 70s, with exponents such as Yellowman and Shabba Ranks. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... This article is about the music genre. ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Soul (disambiguation). ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... Tonearm redirects here. ... Rap redirects here. ... An AKAI MPC2000 sampler Playing a Yamaha SU10 Sampler A sampler is an electronic music instrument closely related to a synthesizer. ... Synth redirects here. ... Beatboxing (a. ... See also: Category:Hip hop genres Hip hop music can be subdivided into subgenres, fusions with other genres and regional hip hop scenes. ... Alternative hip hop (also known as alternative rap) is a genre that is defined in greatly varying ways. ... Jazz rap is a fusion of alternative hip hop music and jazz, developed in the very late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Hardcore hip hop is a form of hip hop music that has confrontational, often violent lyrics, and generally sparse, gritty urban beats. ... Death rap redirects here. ... Mafioso rap is a hip hop sub-genre which flourished in the mid-1990s. ... Pop rap (or hip pop) is a pop music influenced style of hip hop that contains pop-influenced melodic hooks and pop influenced melodies. ... Latin rap is not a homogeneous musical style but rather a term that covers all Hip-Hop music recorded by artists of Latino origin. ... For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ... Carnegie Hall, a major music venue in New York The music of New York City is a diverse and important field in the world of music; no American city has as central a place in music history as New York City. ... The most famous musical innovaters to come out of Pennsylvania are perhaps the Philly sound in 1970s soul music, Gamble & Huff, The OJays, Teddy Pendergrass, Harold Melvin and The Delphonics, as well as jazz legends like Nina Simone and John Coltrane. ... Some of the most renowned musicians from New Jersey are Hoboken native Frank Sinatra, who was one of the most popular singers of the 20th century; and The Four Seasons (group) who had their first No. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... The roots of hip hop can be found in 1970s block parties in New York City, specifically The Bronx[1]. Hip hop culture, including rapping, scratching, graffiti, and breakdancing. ... Hip hop is a subculture, which is said to have begun with the work of DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five, and Afrika Bambaattaa. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Old school hip hop is a term used to describe the very earliest hip hop music to come out of the block parties of New York City in the 1970s and 1980s. ... The golden age of hip hop, derivative of old school hip hop, began with the popularity of Run-DMCs album Raising Hell in 1986 and ended with the popularity of G-Funk around 1993. ... The Nation of Gods and Earths, commonly known as the Five Percent Nation or the Five Percenters are an African-American social/religious movement founded in Harlem in the late 1960s by Clarence 13X. Spawned from a combination of teachings of by Malcom X and The Nation of Islam, the... The East Coast–West Coast hip hop rivalry was an on-going dispute in the early-mid 1990s between artists and fans of the East Coast and West Coast hip-hop scenes. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Sean John Combs (born November 4, 1969 aka P. Diddy, Puff Daddy, Sean Puffy Combs) is an American record producer and CEO and founder of Bad Boy Entertainment, one of the driving forces in hip hop in the mid to late 1990s. ... Christopher Wallace (May 21, 1972 - March 9, 1997), also known as Biggie Smalls (after a stylish gangster in the 1975 comedy, Lets Do it Again), but best known as The Notorious B.I.G. (Business Instead of Game). ... The Wu-Tang Clan is a pioneering hardcore rap group, originally from Staten Island, New York (Staten Island is referred to as Shaolin in their lyrics). ... -1... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Mobb Deep are a hip hop duo which consists of rappers Havoc and Prodigy. ... Run-DMC is a famous hip hop crew founded by Jason Mizell (Jam Master Jay) and includes Joseph Run Simmons and Darryl DMC McDaniels, all from Hollis, Queens. ... West Coast hip hop, also known as West Coast rap or California hip hop, is a style of hip hop music that originated in California in the early 1980s. ... Dirty south redirects here. ... Midwest hip-hop is hip hop music performed by artists from the Midwestern United States. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Map of the US northeast. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ...

Contents

Beginning stages of hip hop (1970-1980s)

1970s

See also: Roots of hip hop and Old school hip hop

Hip hop music emerged from block parties thrown by owners of loud and expensive stereo equipment, which they could share with the community or use to compete among ultra-competitive West Indian DJs, most notable of which was Kool DJ Herc, who began isolating the percussion break from funk or disco songs. The rough economic situation of the inter-city community motivated DJs to remake, rearrange, or remix existing recordings into completely different compositions with the use of turntables. DJs would extend the break section of previously released songs by alternating between duplicate copies of a vinyl recording with the use of two turntables and a mixer. In the late 1970s, visionary DJs residing in New York City (specifically the Bronx), such as Grandmaster Flash, and Afrika Bambataa molded this new sound into a definable genre of music, which soon evolved into a urban sub-culture, which included rapping, beatboxing, scratching, graffiti, and breakdancing. Therefore, because New York City is considered to be the birthplace of hip hop, many look to the East Coast (New York City in particular) as the prestigious capitol, or Mecca, of hip hop culture. The roots of hip hop can be found in 1970s block parties in New York City, specifically The Bronx[1]. Hip hop culture, including rapping, scratching, graffiti, and breakdancing. ... Old school hip hop is a term used to describe the very earliest hip hop music to come out of the block parties of New York City in the 1970s and 1980s. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Hip hop culture, including rapping, scratching, graffiti, and breakdancing, emerged from 1970s block parties in New York City, specifically The Bronx (Toop, 1991). ... A block party is a large informal public celebration in which many members of a single neighborhood congregate to observe a positive event of usually local importance. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... A disc jockey scratching a record. ... DJ Kool Herc was the originator of break-beat DJing, where the breaks of funk songs—being the most danceable part, often featuring percussion—were isolated and repeated for the purpose of all-night dance parties (AMG [1]). Later DJs such as Grandmaster Flash refined and developed the use of... For other uses, see Break. ... DJ Mixer. ... A gramophone record, (also vinyl record, phonograph record, LP record, or simply record) is an analogue sound recording medium consisting of a flat disc with an inscribed modulated spiral groove. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses, see Bronx (disambiguation). ... Joseph Biggie Grand Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown, Barbados), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is a American hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... Afrika Bambaataa (born April 10 or October 4, 1957 or 1960, though his birthdate is hotly debated; he himself refuses to comment on his age) is a DJ and community leader from the South Bronx, who in the late 1970s, was instrumental in the early development of hip hop. ... In biology, a subculture in a population of a microorganism is when one microbe colony in such a population is transferred onto blank growth medium and allowed to freely reproduce. ... Rap redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Scratching is a DJ or turntablist technique used to produce sounds for some types of music. ... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... A breakdancer performing a one-handed freeze (also known as a pike) in the streets of Paris. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Hip hop is a subculture, which is said to have begun with the work of DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five, and Afrika Bambaattaa. ...


Soon MCs entered the equation to enhance the DJ's efforts and act as a crowd moderator. Originally, early hip hop performers focused on introducing themselves and others in the audience (the origin of the still common practice of "shouting out" on hip hop records). These early performers often emceed for hours at a time, with some improvisation and a simple four-count beat, along with a basic chorus to allow the performer to gather his thoughts (such as "one, two, three, y'all, to the beat, y'all"). Later, the MCs grew more varied in their vocal and rhythmic approach, incorporating brief rhymes, often with a sexual or scatological theme, in an effort at differentiating themselves and entertaining the audience.


1980s

The techniques used in hip hop changed during the 1980s as well. Most important were the DJ records such as Grandmaster Flash's "Adventures on the Wheels of Steel" (known for pioneering use of scratching, which was invented by Grandwizard Theodore in 1977) as well as electronic recordings such as "Planet Rock" by Afrika Bambaataa and Run DMC's very basic, all electronic "Sucker MCs" and "Peter Piper" which contains genuine cutting by Run DMC member Jam Master Jay. Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five released a "message rap", called "The Message", in 1982; this was one of the earliest examples of recorded hip hop with a socially aware tone. In 1984, Marley Marl accidentally caught a drum machine snare hit in the sampler; this innovation was vital in the development of electro and other later types of hip hop. Joseph Biggie Grand Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown, Barbados), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is a American hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... Scratching is a DJ or turntablist technique used to produce sounds for some types of music. ... Grand Wizard Theodore is an African American hip hop DJ, known for his innovations in scratching and needle drops, which he invented (AMG), and other techniques. ... Afrika Bambaataa is a DJ and community leader from the South Bronx, who was instrumental in the early development of hip hop throughout the 1970s. ... Run-DMC is a hip hop crew founded by Jason Jam Master Jay Mizell that included Joseph Run Simmons and Darryl DMC McDaniels. ... Jason Mizell (January 21, 1965 – October 30, 2002), known as Jam Master Jay, was the founder and DJ of Run-DMC, a highly influential hip-hop group, based in the Queens borough of New York City. ... DJ Grandmaster Flash was one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... For Nas song, see The Message (Nas song). ... Marlon Williams (born September 30, 1962 in Queens, New York City), better known as Marley Marl, is an influential hip-hop producer. ... Electro, short for electro funk (also known as robot hip hop and Electro hop) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records which were closer to disco). ...


With the advent of recorded hip hop in the late 1970s, all the major elements and techniques of the genre were in place. While Kool Herc & the Herculoids were the first hip hoppers to gain major fame in New York, the public at large was first introduced to hip hop by the releases of the first two commercially issued hip hop recordings, "King Tim III" by The Fatback Band and "Rapper's Delight" by The Sugarhill Gang. Neither act had significant roots in the culture; the Fatback Band was primarily a funk act, while the Sugarhill Gang was the studio creation of Sugar Hill co-founder Sylvia Robinson. Nevertheless, "Rapper's Delight" became a Top 40 hit on the U.S. Billboard pop singles chart, and after the releases of follow ups by acts such as Kurtis Blow ("The Breaks"), The Sequence ("Funk You Up"), and Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five ("Freedom"), hip hop was pegged as a successful, yet temporary, trend in music. During the early 1970s, breakdancing arose during block parties, as b-boys and b-girls got in front of the audience to dance in a distinctive, frenetic style. The style was documented for release to a world wide audience for the first time in Beat Street. King Tim III (Personality Jock) is a 1979 (see 1979 in music) song by the Fatback Band from the disco album XII. Released a few months before Rappers Delight (which is often cited as the first commercially released hip hop song), this song has become perhaps the bands... The Fatback Band (later, Fatback) were a 1970s and 80s American funk band. ... Rappers Delight is a 1979 single by American hip hop trio The Sugarhill Gang; it was one of the first hip hop hit singles. ... The Sugarhill Gang is an American hip hop and funk group, known mostly for their biggest hit, Rappers Delight, the first hip hop single to become a Top 40 hit. ... Sylvia Robinson (born Sylvia Vanderpool, 6 March 1936 in New York) is a singer, musician and producer, and record label executive. ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ... Kurtis Blow (born Curtis Walker, 9 August 1959, Harlem, New York) is one of the first commercially successful rappers and the first to sign with a major label. ... Clap your hands everybody If you got what it takes Cause Im Kurtis Blow and I want you to know That these are the breaks Breakes on a bus brakes on a car Breaks to make you a superstar Breaks to win and breaks to lose But these here... The Sequence was an all-female old school hip hop/funk trio signed to the Sugar Hill label in the early 1980s. ... DJ Grandmaster Flash was one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... Beat Street is a 1984 mainstream hip hop dramatic feature film, and the second following Breakin. It is set in New York City during the popularity rise of hip hop culture in the early 1980s. ...


Though not yet mainstream, it was well-known among African Americans and Latinos, even outside of New York City; hip hop could be found in cities as diverse as Los Angeles, Washington, Baltimore, Boston, Milwaukee, Kansas City, Miami, Seattle, Cleveland, St. Louis, New Orleans, and Houston. In particular, Philadelphia was, for many years, the only city whose contributions to hip hop were valued as greatly as New York City's by hip hop purists and critics. Hip hop was popular there at least as far back as 1976 (first record: "Rhythm Talk", by Jocko Henderson in 1979), and the New York Times dubbed Philly the "Graffiti Capital of the World" in 1971, due to the influence of such legendary graffiti artists as Cornbread. The first female solo artist to record hip hop was Lady B. ("To the Beat Y'All", 1980), a Philly-area radio DJ. Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Baltimore redirects here. ... Boston redirects here. ... For other places with the same name, see Milwaukee (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... Miami redirects here. ... Seattle redirects here. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... St. ... NOLA redirects here. ... Houston redirects here. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Lady B (b. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ...


The Golden Age of Hip Hop (1986–1993)

Further information: Golden age hip hop

Old school hip hop would often sample disco, soul, and funk tracks. In the case of the Sugarhill Gang, a live band was used for samples. However, the old school sound soon became based largely on drum machines and popular break samples. Mixing and scratching techniques eventually developed along with the breaks. In contrast with the later rhymes of new school hip hop, old school rap was relatively simple in its rhythms and cadences. However, from the mid- to late 1980s, Hip hop gradually gravitated to a more sample-reliant sound, as rappers increased their technical dexterity in crafting lyrics. As time went by, a distinction appeared between the old school sound (defined by simplistic rhyme schemes, straightforward messages, and sparse rhythms and cadences with few samples) and the new school. Typifying this Golden Age of the East Coast sound was Eric B. & Rakim’s Paid in Full. Paid in Full showcased Rakim’s multi-syllabic lyrical delivery which would be subsequently adapted by numerous rappers —introducing the idea of a rapid, continuous, free-rhythmic flow, based around deeply woven rhyme structures (incorporating internal rhymes and sophisticated metaphors). Furthermore, Eric B.'s innovative distillation of James Brown samples ushered the "godfather rap" period, which witnessed the extensive sampling of R&B and soul music as instrumentals for hip hop songs. The golden age of hip hop, derivative of old school hip hop, was probably introduced with the popularity of Run-DMCs 1986 album Raising Hell. ... Old school hip hop is a term used to describe the very earliest hip hop music to come out of the block parties of New York City in the 1970s and 1980s. ... This article is about the music genre. ... For other uses, see Soul (disambiguation). ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... The Sugarhill Gang is an American hip hop group, known mostly for one hit, Rappers Delight, the first hip hop single to become a Top 40 hit. ... New school hip hop is a rarely-heard term referring to hip hop created later in the forms development, contrasted with old school hip hop. ... Rhythm (Greek ρυθμός = tempo) is the variation of the duration of sounds over time. ... In Western musical theory a cadence (Latin cadentia, a falling) is a particular series of intervals or chords that ends a phrase, section, or piece of music. ... The 1980s was the decade spanning from 1980 to 1989, also called The Eighties. The decade saw social, economic and general upheaval as wealth, production and western culture migrated to new industrializing economies. ... In music, sampling is the act of taking a portion of one sound recording and reusing it as an instrument or element of a new recording. ... Old school hip hop is a term used to describe the very earliest hip hop music to come out of the block parties of New York City in the 1970s and 1980s. ... New school hip hop is a rarely-heard term referring to hip hop created later in the forms development, contrasted with old school hip hop. ... The golden age of hip hop, derivative of old school hip hop, was probably introduced with the popularity of Run-DMCs 1986 album Raising Hell. ... Eric Barrier (Eric B.) and William Griffin (Rakim), were a hip-hop duo known as Eric B. & Rakim. ... This article is about an album. ... Rakim (pronounced Rah-Kem) (full name Rakim Allah, born William Michael Griffin Jr. ... In poetry, internal rhyme, or middle rhyme, is rhyme which occurs within a single line of verse. ... For other persons named James Brown, see James Brown (disambiguation). ... This article is about reusing existing sound recordings in creating new works. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ...


Popularization

While New York City would remain the center of hip hop culture for much of the 1980s, hip hop music itself was gaining mainstream success and becoming increasingly accessible within the musical fabric of pop culture. Artists such as Kurtis Blow, Run DMC, Biz Markie, Slick Rick, Big Daddy Kane, The Fat Boys and EPMD, were considered the closest thing to superstars that hip hop had yet produced, and all were firmly rooted on the East Coast. In fact, Kurtis Blow (Kurtis Blow), LL Cool J (Radio) and especially Run-D.M.C. (Raising Hell), were among the first hip hop artists to legitimize the genre by gaining acceptance from the mainstream media. LL Cool J's Radio spawned a number of singles that entered the dance charts, peaking with "I Can Give You More" (#21). 1986 saw two hip hop acts in the Billboard Top Ten; Run-D.M.C.'s "Walk This Way" collaboration with Aerosmith, and the Beastie Boys "(You Gotta) Fight for Your Right (To Party!)". The pop success of both singles was unheard of for the time. Kurtis Blow's appearance in a Sprite commercial made him the first hip hop musician to be considered mainstream enough to represent a major product, but also the first to be accused by the hip hop audience of selling out. Another popular performer among mainstream audiences included DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince, who won rap's first Grammy award in 1988. Hip hop is a subculture, which is said to have begun with the work of DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five, and Afrika Bambaattaa. ... The 1980s was the decade spanning from 1980 to 1989, also called The Eighties. The decade saw social, economic and general upheaval as wealth, production and western culture migrated to new industrializing economies. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Popular culture, or pop culture, is the vernacular (peoples) culture that prevails in a modern society. ... Kurtis Blow (born Curtis Walker, 9 August 1959, Harlem, New York) is one of the first commercially successful rappers and the first to sign with a major label. ... Run-DMC is a hip hop crew founded by Jason Jam Master Jay Mizell that included Joseph Run Simmons and Darryl DMC McDaniels. ... Biz Markie (born Marcel Hall April 8, 1964 in Harlem, New York) is a rapper and DJ, best known for humorous singles such as Just a Friend. He has been labeled The Clown Prince of Hip-Hop. ... Ricky Walters (born January 14, 1965), better known by stage names Slick Rick, MC Ricky D and Rick the Ruler, is a rapper. ... Antonio Hardy (born September 10, 1968), better known by his stage name Big Daddy Kane, is a record producer/rapper from the Bed-Stuy section of Brooklyn, New York. ... The Fat Boys were an American hip-hop music trio from Brooklyn, New York City who emerged in the early 1980s. ... EPMD is an American rap group from Brentwood, New York, active from 1987 to 1999; one of the prominent acts in East coast hip hop. ... Kurtis Blow (born Curtis Walker, 9 August 1959, Harlem, New York) is one of the first commercially successful rappers and the first to sign with a major label. ... Kurtis Blow, (born Curtis Walker on August 9, 1959), is one of the most influential early rappers and hip hops first mainstream star. ... James Todd Smith III (born January 14, 1968), better known as LL Cool J, is an American hip hop artist and actor. ... Run-DMC is a famous hip hop crew founded by Jason Mizell (Jam Master Jay) and includes Joseph Run Simmons and Darryl DMC McDaniels, all from Hollis, Queens. ... Raising Hell is a 1986 (see 1986 in music) album by old school rappers Run-D.M.C.. Their breakthrough album, Raising Hell trumped standing perceptions of commercial viability for hip hop groups, achieving triple-platinum status and receiving critical attention from quarters that had previously ignored hip hop as... This article is about the band Aerosmith. ... The Beastie Boys are a hip hop musical group from New York City consisting of Michael Mike D Diamond, Adam MCA Yauch, Adam Ad-Rock Horovitz. ... Kurtis Blow (born Curtis Walker, 9 August 1959, Harlem, New York) is one of the first commercially successful rappers and the first to sign with a major label. ... Sprite is a clear soda, lemon-lime flavored, caffeine free soft drink, produced by the Coca-Cola Company. ... Selling out refers to the compromising of ones integrity, morality and principles in exchange for money, success or other personal gain. ... Will Smith For the geologist who invented fossil correlation, see William Smith. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music...


Diversification

During the late-1980s, Philadelphia's Schoolly D developed what became known as gangsta rap. Although Gangsta rap is usually credited as being a West Coast phenomenon (due to the mainstream success of Ice-T and N.W.A) Schoolly D and Boogie Down Productions (with the release of Criminal Minded) were instrumental in pioneering hardcore hip hop, an East Coast variant of gangsta rap. // Background Schoolly D is the moniker of Jesse B. Weaver, Jr. ... For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ... West Coast hip hop, also known as West Coast rap or California hip hop, is a style of hip hop music that originated in California in the early 1980s. ... This article is about the rapper. ... This article is about the hip-hop group. ... // Background Schoolly D is the moniker of Jesse B. Weaver, Jr. ... Boogie Down Productions (1989) Boogie Down Productions was originally composed of KRS One, D Nice, and DJ Scott La Rock. ... Criminal Minded by Boogie Down Productions is a highly influential hip hop album. ... Hardcore hip hop is a form of hip hop music characterized by confrontation and aggression in its subject matter, heavy beats, raw sampling and production, or any combination thereof. ...


Another major influence on East Coast hip hop was the pioneering work of the politically-aware performers, Public Enemy. In the late 1980s, Public Enemy became one of the premiere acts in hip hop, both among aficionados and mainstream listeners. In 1987, Public Enemy released their debut album (Yo! Bum Rush the Show) on Def Jam - one of hip hop's oldest and most important labels, and Boogie Down Productions followed up in 1988 with By All Means Necessary; both records pioneered wave of hard-edged politicized performers. In particular, Public Enemy's It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back became surprisingly successful, despite its militant and confrontational tone, appearing on both the club and rap charts, and peaking at #17 and #11, respectively. Aside from the lyrical innovations, Public Enemy's DJ, Terminator X, and their production team, The Bomb Squad (along with Eric B., Marley Marl, and Prince Paul among others) both pioneered new techniques in sampling and scratching that resulted in dense, multi-layered sonic collages. Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a hip hop group from Long Island, New York, known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media, and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. ... The 1980s was the decade spanning from 1980 to 1989, also called The Eighties. The decade saw social, economic and general upheaval as wealth, production and western culture migrated to new industrializing economies. ... Yo! Bum Rush The Show is a 1987 album by Public Enemy. ... Def Jam Recordings is an American based hip-hop record label that operates as a part of The Island Def Jam Music Group, which is owned by Universal Music Group. ... By All Means Necessary is the sophomore album from Hip Hop group Boogie Down Productions. ... It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back is the second full-length album by American hip hop group Public Enemy, released on April 19, 1988 (see 1988 in music) on Def Jam Recordings. ... Terminator X (born Norman Rogers, 25 August 1966) is best known as the producer DJ of the rap group Public Enemy, which he left in 1999. ... The Bomb Squad is a hip hop production team whose original members were Carl Ridenhour (Chuck D), Hank Shocklee, Keith Shocklee and Eric Vietnam Sadler and Gary G-Wiz. ... Eric B. & Rakim was an East Coast rap group that popularized the James Brown-sampled funky hip hop of the late 1980s. ... Marlon Williams (born September 30, 1962 in Queens, New York City), better known as Marley Marl, is an influential hip-hop producer. ... Prince Paul (born Paul Huston) is a DJ and hip hop producer. ...


Public Enemy's politically aware lyrics and militant activism served as the blueprint for groups such as X-Clan, Brand Nubian, and Native Tongues Posse (the last of which arose as a form of alternative rap with artists like De La Soul and A Tribe Called Quest). In 1988 and 1989, albums from the Native Tongues Posse collective such as De La Soul's 3 Feet High and Rising, A Tribe Called Quest's People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm, and the Jungle Brothers' Done by the Forces of Nature are usually considered the first definitive alternative rap albums, with jazz-based samples and quirky, insightful lyrics covering a diverse range of topics and strongly influenced by the Afrocentric messages of Bambaataa's Zulu Nation. This period, between 1988 and 1992, when the Native Tongues (together with other groups such as Pete Rock and CL Smooth and The Main Source) were at their creative peak, is considered the apogee of golden age of hip hop. X-Clan is an alternative hip hop group from New York City, composed of Grand Verbalizer Funk Lesson, Lumumba Professor X, Grand Architect, The Rhythm Provider and MC Isis. ... Brand Nubian is a hip hop group from New Rochelle, New York, consisting of three MCs; Grand Puba (born Maxwell Dixon, March 4, 1966), Sadat X (formerly Derek X, born Derek Murphy) and Lord Jamar (born Lorenzo Dechalus, on September 17, 1968), and two DJs, DJ Alamo and DJ Sincere. ... The Native Tongues Posse is a collective of late 1980s and early 1990s hip-hop artists known for their positive-minded, good naturedly-Afrocentric lyrics, and for pioneering the use of eclectic sampling and later jazz-influenced beats. ... Alternative hip hop (Bohemian hip hop) is a style of hip hop distinguished by socio-political lyrics, sparse beats that sample few and/or unusual sources (see jazz rap) and uniquely positive rhymes. ... De La Soul is a Grammy-award winning hip hop group from Long Island, New York. ... A Tribe Called Quest is a critically acclaimed and highly-influential American hip-hop group, formed in 1988. ... De La Soul is a Grammy-award winning hip hop group from Long Island, New York. ... 3 Feet High and Rising is the influential debut album from American hip-hop trio De La Soul, released in 1989. ... Peoples Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm is the debut alternative hip hop album by A Tribe Called Quest, released on April 17, 1990 (see 1990 in music). ... The Jungle Brothers are an American hip hop group who pioneered the fusion of jazz and hip-hop and also became the first hip hop group to use an in house producer. ... This article is about an album by alternative hip hop crew the Jungle Brothers. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... see African studies for the study of African culture and history in Africa. ... The Universal Zulu Nation, originally known simply as The Organization, is an international hip hop awareness group, which arose among reformed street gang members in New York City in the 1970s, formed and headed by Hip Hop pioneer Afrika Bambaataa. ... The Native Tongues Posse is a group of late 1980s and early 1990s black nationalist hip hop artists known for their positive Afrocentric lyrics and jazzy beats. ... Pete Rock & CL Smooth is a rap group from the 1990s. ... Main Source was an innovative, acclaimed Toronto and New York-based hip hop group comprised of Toronto natives Sir Scratch, K-Cut, and Queens native Large Professor. ... The golden age of hip hop, derivative of old school hip hop, began with Run-DMCs album Raising Hell in 1986 and ended with the popularity of Dr. Dres album The Chronic in late 1992. ...


In addition to the Native Tongues Posse, influential singles were released in 1988 (see 1988 in music), by Gang Starr ("Words I Manifest") and Stetsasonic ("Talkin' All That Jazz"); these two singles fused hip hop with jazz in a way never done before, and helped lead to the development of jazz rap. Digable Planets also achieved phenomenal success in the early nineties with their single Cool Like Dat and the album Reachin' (A New Refutation of Time and Space). However, the alternative rap movement had largely fizzled out in the mid-1990s, with A Tribe Called Quest experiencing a career slump, and De La Soul, the Jungle Brothers, and Gang Starr retreating into the hip hop underground. See also: Musical groups established in 1988 Record labels established in 1988 // Peter Ruzicka becomes director of the Hamburg State Opera and State Philharmonic Orchestra. ... Gang Starr is an influential hip hop group that consists of Guru and DJ Premier from Brooklyn, New York. ... Stetsasonic, appearing on the cover of their debut album, On Fire Stetsasonic was an American hip hop group formed in 1981 (see 1981 in music) in Brooklyn, New York. ... Jazz rap is a fusion of alternative hip hop music and jazz, developed in the very late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Digable Planets is a New York City based alternative hip hop group composed of Ishmael Butterfly Butler (from New York), Craig Doodlebug Irving (from Philadelphia), and Mary Ann Ladybug Mecca Vieira (from Washington, D.C.). They were backed by Silkworm, who later embarked on a solo career under the name... Reachin [A New Refutation of Time and Space] is the debut album from Alternative hip hop group Digable Planets. ...


Modern hip hop (1992–present)

The rise of the West Coast

Further information: West Coast hip hop

Though East Coast hip hop was dominant throughout the 1980s, N.W.A.'s Straight Outta Compton and later Dr. Dre's The Chronic would introduce West Coast hip hop to the mainstream, and went on to supersede the East Coast's dominance. The Chronic, in particular, took West Coast rap in a new direction that was strongly influenced by P-funk artists, melding the psychedelic funky beats with slowly drawled lyrics. This came to be known as G-funk, and dominated mainstream hip hop for several years through a roster of artists on Death Row Records, including most popularly, Snoop Doggy Dogg (whose debut, Doggystyle, included "What's My Name" and "Gin and Juice", both Top Ten hits). Thus, for much of the mid-1990s, the West Coast hip hop scene overshadowed several East Coast rappers. Encapsulating the torrid times, Jay-Z stated that, "It's like New York's been soft ever since Snoop came through and crushed them buildings", a nod to Dogg Pound's "New York, New York” video that featured Death Row artists stepping on New York's famed skyline. East Coast hip hop appeared to be in such disarray, that in 1993, West Coast rappers sold three times as many records as their East Coast counterparts. West Coast hip hop, also known as West Coast rap or California hip hop, is a style of hip hop music that originated in California in the early 1980s. ... This article is about the hip-hop group. ... This article is about the album. ... For the New York radio and television presenter, see Doctor Dre. ... Back cover The Chronic is the highly influential debut album from American rap producer Dr. Dre, released in 1992. ... West Coast hip hop, also known as West Coast rap or California hip hop, is a style of hip hop music that originated in California in the early 1980s. ... P-Funk is an abbreviated, compound name for two bands, Parliament and Funkadelic. ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... G-funk, an abbreviation of Gangsta-funk, is a type of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast gangsta rap in the early 1990s. ... Death Row Records is a record label that was founded in 1991 by Dr. Dre and Suge Knight, and was once home to some of raps biggest names, including Tupac Shakur, Dr. Dre, Snoop Doggy Dogg and Tha Dogg Pound (Kurupt and Daz Dillinger). ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... This article is about the Snoop Doggy Dogg album. ... Gin and Juice is a 1993 single by rapper Snoop Doggy Dogg, from his debut solo album Doggystyle. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Hip hop group Tha Dogg Pound is Dat Nigga Daz (later known as Daz Dillinger) and Kurupt. ...


The East Coast Renaissance

Although G-Funk was the most popular variety of hip hop during the early-1990s, the East Coast hip hop scene remained an integral part of the music industry. Several New York City rappers rising from the local underground scene, began releasing noteworthy albums in the early and mid nineties (including Black Moon (Enta Da Stage), Wu-Tang Clan (Enter the Wu-Tang (36 Chambers)), Nas (Illmatic), Smif-N-Wessun (Dah Shinin'), Onyx (Bacdafucup), Mobb Deep (The Infamous), Raekwon (Only Built 4 Cuban Linx...), Ol' Dirty Bastard (Return to the 36 Chambers: The Dirty Version), GZA (Liquid Swords), Jay-Z (Reasonable Doubt), and Redman (Whut? Thee Album) —most of them gaining outstanding critical acclaim. Gabe Gloden of Stylus Magazine wrote, “From my perspective in the Midwest, the market was dominated by West Coast hip hop, and these albums didn’t make much of a dent in West Coast sales, but with time, these albums filtered their way into everyone’s collections” [1]. The most commercially successful of these albums, Ready to Die, launched Notorious B.I.G. into stardom and established Bad Boy Records (under the direction of Puff Daddy) as the main competitor of Death Row Records. Black Moon is an American hardcore hip hop group, consisting of members Buckshot, 5ft and DJ Evil Dee (of Da Beatminerz). ... Enta Da Stage is the debut album of American East Coast hip hop group Black Moon, released October 19, 1993 on Nervous Records. ... Wu-Tang redirects here. ... Alternate cover Enter the Wu-Tang (2004 re-issue) Enter the Wu-Tang (36 Chambers) is the debut album of the East Coast hip hop collective the Wu-Tang Clan. ... -1... Illmatic is the debut album by rapper Nas, released on April 19, 1994 through Columbia Records, and featuring production from Large Professor (of Main Source), Pete Rock (of Pete Rock & CL Smooth), Q-Tip (of A Tribe Called Quest) and DJ Premier (of Gang Starr), as well as a guest... Smif-N-Wessun AKA Cocoa Brovaz is a hip hop duo consisting of members Tek and Steele. ... Tracklisting Timz N Hood Chek (Produced by DJ Evil Dee) Wrektime (Produced by Mr. ... Onyx is a hardcore rap group from Queens, New York. ... Bacdafucup (pronounced Back da fuck up) is the first album from hardcore rap group Onyx. ... Mobb Deep are a hip hop duo which consists of rappers Havoc and Prodigy. ... The Infamous is Mobb Deeps breakthrough album, perhaps one of the most influential hip hop albums of the East Coast hardcore rap genre. ... Corey Woods (born January 12, 1970), known by his stage name Raekwon, is an American East Coast rapper and a member of the Wu-Tang Clan. ... Only Built 4 Cuban Linx. ... ODB redirects here. ... Return to the 36 Chambers: The Dirty Version is the first album by an American hardcore rap singer Ol Dirty Bastard. ... GZA (IPA pronunciation: ), aka The Genius, (born Gary Grice August 22, 1966 in Brooklyn, New York City) is an American hip hop artist. ... Liquid Swords is a solo album by Wu-Tang Clan member GZA, a. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Reasonable doubt redirects here. ... For other uses, see Redman. ... Whut? Thee Album is the debut album from New Jersey Hip Hop artist Redman. ... This article is about the online music and film magazine. ... West Coast hip hop, also known as West Coast rap or California hip hop, is a style of hip hop music that originated in California in the early 1980s. ... For other uses, see Ready to Die (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Bad Boy Records (originally Bad Boy Entertainment) is an East Coast Hip-Hop/R&B record label founded by producer/rapper Sean Diddy Combs in 1993 that is a subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... Sean John Combs (born November 4, 1969 aka P. Diddy, Puff Daddy, Sean Puffy Combs) is an American record producer and CEO and founder of Bad Boy Entertainment, one of the driving forces in hip hop in the mid to late 1990s. ...


In addition to the hugely profitable and pop-accessible Bad Boy label, the East Coast produced its share of varied, highly acclaimed artists that included AZ and Nas, the influential hardcore groups Wu-Tang Clan, Boot Camp Clik, and Mobb Deep, and artists such as Big L (Lifestylez Ov Da Poor & Dangerous), Capone-n-Noreaga (The War Report), DMX (It's Dark and Hell Is Hot), Lost Boyz (Legal Drug Money), Ghostface Killah (Ironman), Das EFX (Dead Serious), Jeru the Damaja (The Sun Rises in the East), Gang Starr (Hard to Earn), Originoo Gunn Clappaz (O. G. C.) (Da Storm), Group Home (Livin' Proof), O.C. (Word...Life), Big Noyd (Episodes of a Hustla), Mic Geronimo (The Natural), Method Man (Tical), Az (Doe or Die), Kool G. Rap (4,5,6), Gravediggaz (6 Feet Deep), and Organized Konfusion (Stress: The Extinction Agenda). This wave of new artists signaled what many hip hop purists have since coined as the "East Coast Renaissance" or the "Boom Bap" era. Anthony Cruz (born March 9, 1972 in Brownsville, Brooklyn, New York), better known as AZ, is an American rapper currently residing in Englewood, New Jersey. ... -1... Wu-Tang redirects here. ... Boot Camp Clik is a American hip hop supergroup from Brooklyn, New York. ... Mobb Deep are a hip hop duo which consists of rappers Havoc and Prodigy. ... Lamont Coleman (May 30, 1974–February 15, 1999), better known as Big L, was an American rapper. ... Lifestylez Ov Da Poor & Dangerous is a Big L album released through Sony Records on March 28th, 1995. ... Capone-N-Noreaga (C-N-N for short) is an East Coast hip hop duo that consists of Capone (Kiam Holley - born in 8 February 1976) and Noreaga (Victor Santiago - born in 6 September 1976). ... The War Report is the influential debut album by the hip hop duo Capone-N-Noreaga (C-N-N for short). ... Earl Simmons (born on December 18, 1970 in Mt. ... Its Dark and Hell is Hot is a hip hop album by American rapper DMX, released in 1998. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Legal Drug Money is the debut album from Hip Hop group The Lost Boyz, featuring members Mr. ... Dennis Coles (born May 9, 1970), better known by the stage name Ghostface Killah, is an American rapper revered for his lyrical dexterity and vivid imagination. ... Iron Man was a hip-hop album released by Ghostface Killah. ... Das EFX is an American hip-hop group. ... Dead Serious is an organization in Fort Worth, Texas which offers $5,000 to any member that kills a criminal in self-defense. ... Jeru the Damaja (pronounced DA-ma-jer, born Kendrick Jeru Davis) is an MC from Brooklyn, New York. ... The Sun Rises in the East is the first album released by hip hop artist Jeru the Damaja. ... Gang Starr is an influential hip hop group that consists of Guru and DJ Premier from Brooklyn, New York. ... Hard To Earn is the fourth album from the duo of DJ Premier & Guru, known as Gang Starr. ... O.G.C. (Originoo Gunn Clappaz) are a Hip Hop group consisting of members Starang Wondah (Gunn Clappa Numba One, also known as Big Will, Hurricane Starang and Strang Da Beast From Da East), Louieville Sluggah (Gunn Clappa Numba Two, also known as Hennyville Guzzler or Henny), and Top Dog... Tracklisting Album Chart Positions Singles Chart Positions Categories: | ... A Group home is a structure designed or converted to serve as a non-secure home for persons who share a common characteristic. ... Livin Proof is the debut album from Gang Starr affiliates Group Home. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... is the debut album from underground Hip Hop artist O.C.. The album is considered to be a forgotten Hip Hop classic of the 90s. ... Big Noyd (born TaJuan Perry on May 7, 1975) is a rapper from Queensbridge, New York City. ... Episodes of a Hustla is the 1996 debut album by Big Noyd released by Tommy Boy Records. ... Mic Geronimo (b. ... The Natural is the debut album from underground Hip Hop artist Mic Geronimo. ... This article is about Method Man. ... Tical is the highly acclaimed debut album by Wu-Tang Clan member and hip hop artist Method Man. ... Anthony Cruz (born March 9, 1972 in Brownsville, Brooklyn, New York), better known as AZ, is an American rapper currently residing in Englewood, New Jersey. ... Doe or Die is the debut album by gangsta rapper AZ. Released in 1995 AZ was introduced to the world in Nass Illmatic in 1994. ... Kool G Rap (born Nathaniel Wilson July 20, 1968) is an American hardcore gangsta rapper from Queens, New York. ... 4,5,6 is the solo debut by Hip Hop artist Kool G Rap, released in September 1995 through Cold Chillin Records. ... Gravediggaz was an American hardcore rap group from New York City, well-known for its dark sense of humor and abrasive, menacing soundscapes. ... 6 Feet Deep was the debut album of the New York-based horrorcore hip hop supergroup, Gravediggaz. ... Organized Konfusion was an alternative hip hop duo from Queens, New York. ...


The Shiny Suit era and mainstream pinnacle

Further information: Pop-rap

The revival of the East Coast hip hop scene as a reemerging identity soon spawned an inter-coastal confrontation. West Coast rapper Tupac Shakur was shot outside of a recording studio in New York in late 1994, an event he would later claim was orchestrated by The Notorious B.I.G. and Puff Daddy. Tupac proceeded to sign with Death Row Records, and the personal rivalry would grow into both a feud between the Bad Boy and Death Row labels. Due to Biggie and Tupac's prominence on their respective coasts, the rivalry is often referred to as the East Coast/West Coast feud. It would culminate into the murders of both rappers in the mid-1990s. In the wake of the deaths of both artists, Biggie's certified-diamond double album, Life After Death, became a huge posthumous success in 1997. Whereas West Coast dominance soon crumbled after the death of Tupac, as Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg left Death Row Records and Suge Knight was jailed over illegal business practices. Pop rap (or hip pop) is a pop music influenced style of hip hop that contains pop-influenced melodic hooks and pop influenced melodies. ... Tupac Amaru Shakur (June 16, 1971 – September 13, 1996), also known by his stage names 2Pac, Makaveli, or simply as Pac, was an American artist renowned for his rap music, movie roles, poetry, and his social activism. ... The East Coast–West Coast hip hop rivalry was an on-going dispute in the early-mid 1990s between artists and fans of the East Coast and West Coast hip-hop scenes. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... In the United States, the Recording Industry Association of America awards certification based on the number of albums and singles sold through retail and other ancillary markets. ... A music album is certified a diamond album by the RIAA when 10 million copies are shipped in the United States. ... A double album is an audio album of sufficient length that two units of the medium in which it is sold (especially records and compact discs) are necessary to contain the entirety of it. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Knights 1997 mugshot for probation violation Marion Hugh Knight, Jr. ...


This spelled an end to the West Coast’s four year reign —which was soon to be superseded to the East. Bad Boy Records went on to further dominate the charts upon the release of Puffy's and Mase's respective multi-platinum albums: No Way Out and Harlem World. However, this commercial success came at the detriment of critical acclaim (due to the perceived over-reliance on sampling). Generally, the period in which this sound prospered (19971998) is mockingly called the "Shiny Suit Era", due to Puffy and Mase's tendencies to wear expensive clothing that would literally shine. For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ... Mason Durrell Betha (born August 27, 1978 in Jacksonville, Florida),[1] known by stage name Ma$e, is an American rapper, best known as an artist on Sean Diddy Combs hip hop label Bad Boy Records during the late 1990s. ... No Way Out is a 1997 album by (then) Puff Daddy and the Bad Boy Family. ... Harlem World is the multi-platinum debut album by rapper Mase, released October 28, 1997. ... In music, sampling is the act of taking a portion of one sound recording and reusing it as an instrument or element of a new recording. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


Afterwards, during the remainder of the late-1990s and into the early 2000s, a new breed of hard-edged East Coast rappers soon emerged, who began topping the charts once again. These rappers included DMX, Ja Rule, and Jay-Z, who all rose to mainstream prominence with their multi-platinum releases: It's Dark and Hell Is Hot, Rule 3:36, and Vol. 2: Hard Knock Life. This article is about the decade of 2000-2009. ... Earl Simmons (born on December 18, 1970 in Mt. ... Jeffrey Atkins (born February 29, 1976), better known by his stage name Ja Rule is an American rapper from Hollis, Queens, New York City, New York, United States. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Its Dark and Hell is Hot is a hip hop album by American rapper DMX, released in 1998. ...


"Second Wave" alternative hip hop

Just as Hardcore rap and pop-rap was beginning to achieve incredible mainstream and crossover success, hip hop's alternative side experienced a resurgence. The Afrocentric neo-soul movement was heavily influenced by the Native Tongues and artists such as Mos Def (Black on Both Sides), Talib Kweli (Train of Thought), The Fugees (The Score), Common (One Day It'll All Make Sense and Like Water for Chocolate), Erykah Badu (Baduizm), and Slum Village (Fantastic, Vol. 2) achieved great success at the close of the decade. The Rawkus record label, home to Mos Def, Talib Kweli and Company Flow as well as Pharoahe Monch is largely credited with aiding the late 1990s resurgence of alternative rap. Hardcore hip hop is a form of hip hop music that has confrontational, often violent lyrics, and generally sparse, gritty urban beats. ... Pop rap (or hip pop) is a pop music influenced style of hip hop that contains pop-influenced melodic hooks and pop influenced melodies. ... Neo soul (also known as nu soul) is a music genre and an umbrella term for current soul music. ... Dante Terrell Smith (born December 11, 1973), better known by his stage name Mos Def, is an American rapper and actor. ... Black on Both Sides is an alternative rap album by Mos Def, released on October 12, 1999 (see 1999 in music). ... Talib Kweli Greene (born October 3, 1975), better known as Talib Kweli, is an American MC from Brooklyn, New York. ... Train of Thought is the first and only album by Reflection Eternal, a hip hop duet composed of rapper Talib Kweli & DJ Hi-Tek. ... The Fugees are a critically acclaimed music band from the United States, popular during the mid-1990s, whose repertoire includes primarily hip hop, with elements of soul, and Caribbean music (particularly reggae). ... The Score is the second album by The Fugees, released in 1996, following their debut Blunted on Reality in 1994. ... Lonnie Rashid Lynn, Jr. ... One Day Itll All Make Sense is an album from Chicago based rapper Common. ... Like Water for Chocolate is a popular novel, published in 1989 by first-time Mexican novelist Laura Esquivel. ... Erykah Badu (born Erica Abi Wright, February 26, 1971, in Dallas, Texas) is an American neo-soul, R&B/hip hop artist whose work crosses over into jazz. ... Baduizm is the debut album by American nu soul singer Erykah Badu, released in 1997 (see 1997 in music). ... Slum Village circa 2000 Slum Village is the name of a hip hop duo from Detroit, Michigan. ... Fantastic, Vol. ... Rawkus Records was an independent hip hop record label that had enjoyed considerable exposure. ... Dante Terrell Smith (born December 11, 1973), better known by his stage name Mos Def, is an American rapper and actor. ... Talib Kweli Greene (born October 3, 1975), better known as Talib Kweli, is an American MC from Brooklyn, New York. ... Company Flow was a hip hop crew at one time associated with the independent record label Rawkus Records. ... Pharoahe Monch (born Troy Donald Jamerson on October 31, 1972 in Queens, New York) is an American hip hop artist. ...


Mos Def and Talib Kweli's 1998 release, Black Star (largely produced by Hi-Tek) also contributed greatly to this evolution, with its return to Native Tongues-style old school hip hop. Mos Def's solo debut, Black on Both Sides (1999), quickly established him as a darling of alternative media for its incendiary politics. Kweli's solo career, however, took some time to get off the ground; as he did not release his debut, Train of Thought until 2000. Pharaohe Monch's Internal Affairs, his 1999 solo debut after leaving Organized Konfusion, also added more pop and hardcore hip hop elements to the mix. The hip hop band, The Roots were among the leaders of the second alternative hip hop wave, dropping several critically acclaimed albums in the mid-to-late 1990s, including Do You Want More?!!!??! (1995), Illadelph Halflife (1996), and the breakthrough, Things Fall Apart in 1999. Dante Terrell Smith (born December 11, 1973), better known by his stage name Mos Def, is an American rapper and actor. ... Talib Kweli Greene (born October 3, 1975), better known as Talib Kweli, is an American MC from Brooklyn, New York. ... Black Star is the self-titled debut by the pairing of rappers Talib Kweli and Mos Def. ... Hi-Tek is an American Rawkus Records alternative hip hop artist from Cincinnati. ... Black on Both Sides is an alternative rap album by Mos Def, released on October 12, 1999 (see 1999 in music). ... Train of Thought is the first and only album by Reflection Eternal, a hip hop duet composed of rapper Talib Kweli & DJ Hi-Tek. ... Pharaohe Monch is an American hip hop artist. ... Internal Affairs is the solo debut from former Organized Konfusion member Pharoahe Monch, released on Rawkus Records. ... Organized Konfusion was an alternative hip hop duo from Queens, New York. ... The Roots, a. ... Do You Want More?!!!??! is the sophomore album from Hip Hop band The Roots. ... Illadelph Halflife, released in 1996, is the third full length album from The Roots. ... For other uses, see Things Fall Apart (disambiguation). ...


The Rise of the South

Further information: Southern rap

However, for much of the early 2000s, the East Coast chart-dominance began losing its momentum to the then growing Dirty South. Particularly, in the year 2003 (a year which coincided with the retirements of Jay-Z and DMX, and the decline of Ja Rule's popularity), Southern rap experienced an unprecedented degree of mainstream popularity with several hit singles, including Never Scared by Bone Crusher, featuring Killer Mike and T.I., Damn! by Youngbloodz, and especially Get Low (produced by Lil Jon & The Eastside Boyz and featuring the Ying Yang Twins). Rap News Network summed up this phenomenon when it stated, "This year's hottest hip hop artists are from the Midwest and the South, from Atlanta or St. Louis or Chicago. Anywhere, it seems, but here [New York]." [2] Since then, 50 Cent and G-Unit remain the only multi-platinum selling East Coast artists to top the charts. From the aforementioned mass appeal of Lil Jon and the Ying Yang Twins to the meteoric rise of Trick Daddy, T.I., Ludacris, Outkast and Houston rappers such as Z-Ro, Scarface, Lil' Flip, Paul Wall, and Chamillionaire, the East Coast has struggled to retain its former status in the mainstream. Southern rap (or Dirty South hip-hop) is a type of hip hop music that emerged in the late-1990s as a popular force from cities such as New Orleans, Miami, Atlanta, Memphis, Houston, and Dallas. ... This article is about the decade of 2000-2009. ... For other uses of the term Dirty South, see The Dirty South Dirty South is a style of rap music that popped up in the latter half of the 1990s and is based in southern cities and states such as Memphis, Nashville, New Orleans, Atlanta, Miami or South Florida, Mississippi... Southern rap (or Dirty South hip-hop) is a type of hip hop music that emerged in the late-1990s as a popular force from cities such as New Orleans, Miami, Atlanta, Memphis, Houston, and Dallas. ... I have listened to one song. ... Killer Mike (born Michael Render on April 20, 19??) is an African-American rapper, signed to Grind Time Official through the Selecto Hits imprint. ... This article is about the musician. ... The YoungBloodZ are an American Southern rap duo from Atlanta, Georgia, comprised of members J-Bo (born Jeffrey Ray Grigsby on October 4, 1977) and Sean P (formerly known as Sean Paul, but changed his name to avoid confusion with the Jamaican reggae dancehall artist of the same name) (born... Lil Jon Jonathan Smith (born 1970, in Atlanta, Georgia), better known by his stage name Lil Jon, is an American hip hop performer and record producer. ... The Ying Yang Twins are an Atlanta-based crunk rap duo consisting of Kaine (born Eric Jackson on December 16, 1978) and D-Roc (born Deongelo Holmes on February 23, 1979). ... Rap News Network is an online media outlet that provides news headlines and updates on artist, releases, audio, video, interviews, reviews and other media. ... 50 cent redirects here. ... G-Unit is a rap group which consists of 50 Cent, Lloyd Banks, Tony Yayo, Young Buck, (The) Game, R & B singer Olivia and, most recently, Spider Loc. ... Maurice Young (born September 23, 1973 in Miami, Florida), better known as Trick Daddy, is an Atlantic Records recording artist. ... This article is about the musician. ... -1... This article is about the hip hop group. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... -1... Hakeem Seriki (born November 28, 1979)better known by his stage name Chamillionaire (pronounced Ka-MIL-yin-air, IPA: , a portmanteau of chameleon and millionaire) is an American rapper (and often singer) and the CEO of Chamillitary Entertainment. ...


Today

In 2003, 50 Cent debuted his first album Get Rich or Die Tryin, which contributed to the decline in popularity of Ja Rule. Bronx rapper Fat Joe gained popularity. Jay-Z retired with his critically acclaimed album The Black Album, DMX would also retire after his 2003 album Grand Champ, Ja Rule fell from popularity after his album Blood In My Eye only went gold. 50 Cent and Lloyd Banks went on to dominate the charts from 2003 into 2004. After Southern hip hop dominated the charts for nearly the whole year, Ja Rule released a gold album in 2004 named R.U.L.E.. In 2005, 50 Cent came back with his album The Massacre which would go 5x platinum. Together they would dominate the charts from November to May. Then Fat Joe would have a hit in June. In April 2006 DMX would return to hip hop with his new single "Lord Give Me a Sign" off of his August album Year of the Dog...Again. On November 21, 2006, New York rapper Jay-Z returned to the hip hop scene with his multi-platinum Kingdom Come LP. The album would mark a return by New York to the top of the charts. In December 2006, Jay-Z rival turned friend Nas would see his album Hip Hop Is Dead debut at #1 on the charts. The same day rapper Fat Joe released his highly anticipated Me, Myself & I. The album did not sell very well, but was very popular in New York City, despite that he told people to stop hating the south. 2007 was a great year for East Coast hip hop as we would see the rise of New York MC Mims and his debut album, Music Is My Savior, being one of the most popular albums of early 2007. Fabolous would release his album From Nothin' To Somethin'. These two albums combined kept the East Coast on the radio. 50 Cent would also return with his third album Curtis during 2007. Jay-Z is returning with his tenth album, American Gangster, which is highly anticipated as well as Ja Rule, who has his eighth album, The Mirror due out. 2007 also saw Saigon release his debut album The Moral of the Story. 2007 has been compared to the resurrection that the East Coast experienced in 1994 which was led by new artists and the older ones like LL Cool J also had popular singles and albums. Cassidy would release his highly popular album, B.A.R.S.. 50 cent redirects here. ... Alternate Cover Get Rich or Die Tryin is the commercial debut of New York City rapper 50 Cent on Interscope Records. ... Jeffrey Atkins (born February 29, 1976), better known by his stage name Ja Rule is an American rapper from Hollis, Queens, New York City, New York, United States. ... Joseph Antonio Cartagena (born August 19, 1970), better known by his stage name Fat Joe, is an American rapper of Puerto Rican descent, and is signed to Imperial Records. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Singles from The Black Album Released: November 11, 2003 Released: January 13, 2004 Released: April 13, 2004 The Black Album is a 2003 hip hop music album by rapper Jay-Z. It was supposedly his last studio album until Jay-Z announced a return to solo recording in 2006. ... Earl Simmons (born on December 18, 1970 in Mt. ... Grand Champ is a hip hop album by American rapper DMX, released in 2003. ... Jeffrey Atkins (born February 29, 1976), better known by his stage name Ja Rule is an American rapper from Hollis, Queens, New York City, New York, United States. ... Blood in My Eye is an album by rapper Ja Rule released in 2003. ... Christopher Charles Lloyd (born April 30, 1982 in Baltimore, Maryland), better known as Lloyd Banks, is an American rapper and is a member of G-Unit. ... Dirty south redirects here. ... R.U.L.E. is the sixth album by rapper Ja Rule, released November 9th, 2004. ... Special Edition cover The Massacre is 50 Cents second commercial album and it was released on March 3, 2005 — five days ahead of the original release date due to Internet leakage. ... Joseph Antonio Cartagena (born August 19, 1970), better known by his stage name Fat Joe, is an American rapper of Puerto Rican descent, and is signed to Imperial Records. ... Year Of The Dog. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Jay-Z album. ... -1... Hip Hop Is Dead is a 2006 album by American hip-hop artist Nas that was released on December 19, 2006. ... Joseph Antonio Cartagena (born August 19, 1970), better known by his stage name Fat Joe, is an American rapper of Puerto Rican descent, and is signed to Imperial Records. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shawn Tapiwa Mims (born March 22, 1981), popularly known as Mims, simply his last name, which is also his stage name. ... Music Is My Savior is the debut album from EMI/Capitol artist Mims (a backronym of Music Is My Savior). ... John Jackson (born November 18, 1977), better known by his stage name Fabolous, is an American rapper. ... From Nothin to Somethin is Fabolous fourth studio album released on June 12, 2007. ... Curtis is the third studio album by rapper 50 Cent. ... For other uses, see American Gangster. ... Jeffrey Atkins (born February 29, 1976), better known by his stage name Ja Rule is an American rapper from Hollis, Queens, New York City, New York, United States. ... The Mirror is the seventh album of rapper Ja Rule. ... Brian Daniel Carenard (born June 1, 1977), better known by his stage name Saigon, is an American rapper. ... The Moral Of The Story is the street album by the rapper Saigon,[1] it is the prequel to Saigons debut album, The Greatest Story Never Told. ... James Todd Smith III (born January 14, 1968), better known as LL Cool J, is an American hip hop artist and actor. ... Barry Adrian Reese (born July 7, 1982), better known by his stage name Cassidy, is an American rapper. ... B.A.R.S.[1] (Barry Adrian Reese Story) is the third solo album from Philadelphia rapper Cassidy. ...


Musical style & regional difference

The stand-out point of East Coast hip hop from other regional forms (in general) is the intricate and multi-threaded lyrics and delivery of this sub-genre. East coast artists tend to be more complex, witty, and versatile (depending on the artist). As a general rule, East Coast rap artists tend to emphasize lyricism coupled with production centered on the frenetic use of a drum machine. Notorious B.I.G, Jay-Z, Big Pun, Nas, Kool G Rap, Big Daddy Kane, Big L, and Rakim are among the many East Coast artists considered to be among Hip Hop's greatest lyricists. Rap redirects here. ... A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... Christopher Wallace (May 21, 1972 - March 9, 1997), also known as Biggie Smalls (after a stylish gangster in the 1975 comedy, Lets Do it Again), but best known as The Notorious B.I.G. (Business Instead of Game). ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Christopher Lee Rios (November 9, 1971 - February 7, 2000), better known as Big Punisher or Big Pun, was an American rapper of Puerto Rican descent who emerged from the underground rap scene in The Bronx in the late 1990s. ... -1... Nathaniel Wilson (born July 20, 1968), known by stage name Kool G Rap, is an American hardcore rapper from the Corona section of Queens, New York. ... Antonio Hardy (born September 10, 1968), better known by his stage name Big Daddy Kane, is a record producer/rapper from the Bed-Stuy section of Brooklyn, New York. ... For other uses, see Big L (disambiguation). ... Rakim (pronounced Rah-Kem) (full name Rakim Allah, born William Michael Griffin Jr. ...


East coast hip hop also tends to be the only form which still emphasizes the role of the DJ in production, still employing the original techniques of scratching, sampling, and blending (transforming). Producers such as DJ Premier, Pete Rock, and the RZA are well known for their rare and unique sounds and techniques. This biographical article or section needs additional references for verification. ... Pete Rock (born Peter Phillips, June 21, 1970[1] in Bronx, New York) is an American hip hop DJ, producer and rapper. ... RZA (IPA pronunciation: ; born , July 5, 1969) is an American hip hop producer, rapper and actor. ...


Critically-acclaimed East Coast artists such as Mos Def, Talib Kweli, and Nas have a wide margin of subject matter thus appealing to a wider audience, particularly when they address social issues in their communities. Alternative styles usually develop in this region with groups such as A Tribe Called Quest, The Roots, Gang Starr, and De La Soul, and Common; who blend jazz or abstract production with socially-conscious raps. Dante Terrell Smith (born December 11, 1973), better known by his stage name Mos Def, is an American rapper and actor. ... Talib Kweli Greene (born October 3, 1975), better known as Talib Kweli, is an American MC from Brooklyn, New York. ... -1... A Tribe Called Quest is a critically acclaimed and highly-influential American hip-hop group, formed in 1988. ... The Roots, a. ... Gang Starr is an influential hip hop group that consists of Guru and DJ Premier from Brooklyn, New York. ... De La Soul is a Grammy-award winning hip hop group from Long Island, New York. ... Lonnie Rashid Lynn, Jr. ... Jazz rap is a fusion of alternative hip hop music and jazz, developed in the very late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Abstract hip hop is a subgenre of alternative hip hop that differs from other hip hop music largely in the content of the lyrics. ... Conscious hip hop is a subgenre of alternative hip hop which focuses on social issues. ...


A huge number of East-Coast rappers such as DMX, Jadakiss, and Prodigy or groups such as Wu-Tang Clan, and Black Moon have adopted hardcore hip hop personas which typically glorify violence, drugs, mafioso or gang affiliation. Earl Simmons (born on December 18, 1970 in Mt. ... Jayson T. Phillips (born May 27, 1975), also known by his stage name Jadakiss, is an American rapper. ... Albert Johnson (born November 2, 1974), better known as Prodigy, is an American rapper and one-half of the hip-hop duo Mobb Deep with Havoc. ... Wu-Tang redirects here. ... Hardcore hip hop is a form of hip hop music characterized by confrontation and aggression in its subject matter, heavy beats, raw sampling and production, or any combination thereof. ... This article is about the criminal society. ...


East Coast hip hop also tends to have a slower pace (70-120 Beats Per Minute) than its Southern and West Coast counterparts.


The beats of East Coast rap tend to be more sparse than those of Southern or West Coast rappers, such as the G-Funk beats of Dr. Dre or the pounding clubbish beats of Lil' Jon. For example, Nas's New York State of Mind features a beat with only drums and a piano riff, with some turntable scratching in the chorus. Another example of this is the Wu-Tang Clan's RZA, especially on the group's debut album. G-funk, an abbreviation of Gangsta-funk, is a type of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast gangsta rap in the early 1990s. ... Lil Jon This article is about the American rap producer. ... -1... Wu-Tang redirects here. ... RZA (IPA pronunciation: ; born , July 5, 1969) is an American hip hop producer, rapper and actor. ...


Major Areas of Influence

New York City

New York City, specifically the West Bronx and South Bronx, was the birthplace of hip hop, in 1973 and all of its prime early movers, such as DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash, Grandmaster Caz and Afrika Bambaataa grew up and began performing there. The city also produced all of the style's early stars, like LL Cool J and Kurtis Blow. Other influential artists from the New York area and this era that have endured through the ages are KRS-One (from the Bronx), Public Enemy (from Long Island), Run-DMC (from Queens), and the Beastie Boys (from Brooklyn). By the beginning of the 1990s, however, the West Coast had eclipsed New York in popular success. This began a rivalry which culminated in the deaths of New York MC Notorious B.I.G. and West Coast rapper 2Pac, who was born in East Harlem. In 1993 the pioneering Wu-Tang Clan from Staten Island emerged, and have continued to be influential to independent street hip hop. By the middle of the decade, Puff Daddy (from Manhattan), the Notorious BIG and Mase reinvigorated East Coast rap to popular acclaim with a very pop-oriented approach to hip hop. The East Coast also bred several hard-edged stars during this time, like the legendary Big Pun, Busta Rhymes, DMX (from Yonkers) and Nas, culminating in the breakthrough of Brooklyn's Jay-Z late in the decade. New York also produced a vital underground in the Native Tongues Posse, led by alternative hip hop crew A Tribe Called Quest, which also included Long Island's De La Soul. 50 Cent & his G-Unit clique, Ja Rule, Jadakiss, The Diplomats, and Fabolous are a few successful rappers/groups of the 21st century from the New York area. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The West Bronx is that part of the New York City borough of the Bronx which lies west of the Bronx River; this roughly corresponds to the western half of the borough. ... The South Bronx The Hub is the retail heart of the South Bronx. ... Categories: People stubs | Hip hop musicians | Hip hop DJs | 1955 births ... Joseph Biggie Grand Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown, Barbados), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is a American hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Afrika Bambaataa is a DJ and community leader from the South Bronx, who was instrumental in the early development of hip hop throughout the 1970s. ... James Todd Smith III (born January 14, 1968), better known as LL Cool J, is an American hip hop artist and actor. ... Kurtis Blow (born Curtis Walker, 9 August 1959, Harlem, New York) is one of the first commercially successful rappers and the first to sign with a major label. ... KRS-One (born Lawrence Krisna Parker on August 20, 1965 in Brooklyn, New York. ... For other uses, see Bronx (disambiguation). ... Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a hip hop group from Long Island, New York, known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media, and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. ... This article is about the island in New York State. ... Run-DMC is a famous hip hop crew founded by Jason Mizell (Jam Master Jay) and includes Joseph Run Simmons and Darryl DMC McDaniels, all from Hollis, Queens. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... The Beastie Boys are a hip hop musical group from New York City consisting of Michael Mike D Diamond, Adam MCA Yauch, Adam Ad-Rock Horovitz. ... This article is about the New York City borough, or Kings County, New York. ... Christopher Wallace (May 21, 1972 - March 9, 1997), also known as Biggie Smalls (after a stylish gangster in the 1975 comedy, Lets Do it Again), but best known as The Notorious B.I.G. (Business Instead of Game). ... Years after his death, Tupac Shakur is still considered one of the most influential hip hop artists of all time. ... Spanish Harlem, also known as East Harlem or El Barrio, is a neighborhood in northeastern part of the borough of Manhattan, one of the largest predominantly Hispanic communities in New York City. ... Wu-Tang redirects here. ... This article is about the borough in New York City. ... Sean John Combs (born November 4, 1969 aka P. Diddy, Puff Daddy, Sean Puffy Combs) is an American record producer and CEO and founder of Bad Boy Entertainment, one of the driving forces in hip hop in the mid to late 1990s. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... Christopher Wallace (May 21, 1972 - March 9, 1997), also known as Biggie Smalls (after a stylish gangster in the 1975 comedy, Lets Do it Again), but best known as The Notorious B.I.G. (Business Instead of Game). ... Mason Durrell Betha (born August 27, 1978 in Jacksonville, Florida),[1] known by stage name Ma$e, is an American rapper, best known as an artist on Sean Diddy Combs hip hop label Bad Boy Records during the late 1990s. ... Christopher Lee Rios (November 9, 1971 - February 7, 2000), better known as Big Punisher or Big Pun, was an American rapper of Puerto Rican descent who emerged from the underground rap scene in The Bronx in the late 1990s. ... Trevor Smith (born on May 20, 1972), better known as Busta Rhymes, is an American hip hop musician and actor. ... Earl Simmons (born on December 18, 1970 in Mt. ... Yonkers, just north of New York City in Westchester County, is the fourth largest city in the U.S. state of New York, with a population of 196,086 (according to the 2000 census). ... -1... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... The Native Tongues Posse is a collective of late 1980s and early 1990s hip-hop artists known for their positive-minded, good naturedly-Afrocentric lyrics, and for pioneering the use of eclectic sampling and later jazz-influenced beats. ... Alternative hip hop (also known as alternative rap) is a genre that is defined in greatly varying ways. ... A Tribe Called Quest is a critically acclaimed and highly-influential American hip-hop group, formed in 1988. ... De La Soul is a Grammy-award winning hip hop group from Long Island, New York. ... 50 cent redirects here. ... G-Unit is a rap group which consists of 50 Cent, Lloyd Banks, Tony Yayo, Young Buck, (The) Game, R & B singer Olivia and, most recently, Spider Loc. ... Jeffrey Atkins (born February 29, 1976), better known by his stage name Ja Rule is an American rapper from Hollis, Queens, New York City, New York, United States. ... Jayson T. Phillips (born May 27, 1975), also known by his stage name Jadakiss, is an American rapper. ... The Diplomats are a Harlem, New York-based hip hop group who are more commonly known as Dipset. ... John Jackson (born November 18, 1977), better known by his stage name Fabolous, is an American rapper. ...


New Jersey

Having historically played second violin to New York, New Jersey's musical circles have nonetheless produced several high-profile artists, such as Jus Allah, Queen Latifah, Outsidaz, Naughty By Nature, Poor Righteous Teachers, Redman, The Fugees, The Outlawz, Lords of the Underground, Akon, Artifacts, Chino XL, Joe Budden and Hip-Hop producers Just Blaze, who was born in Paterson. Some rappers also have little-known ties with the state, such as Ice T and Scarface, was born in New Jersey but later moved away. Its major hubs are Newark, Jersey City and Camden. Jus Allah (born James Bostick) is a New Jersey rapper who made his debut on Jedi Mind Tricks second album Violent by Design in 2000. ... Latifah redirects here. ... The Outsidaz are a rap crew from Newark, New Jersey. ... Naughty by Nature is a Grammy Award-winning American Hip hop group that at the time of its formation in 1989 consisted of Treach, Vin Rock, and the DJ Kay Gee. ... The Poor Righteous Teachers are a trio of African American hip hop musicians from Trenton, New Jersey, founded in 1989 (see 1989 in music). ... For other uses, see Redman. ... The Fugees are a critically acclaimed music band from the United States, popular during the mid-1990s, whose repertoire includes primarily hip hop, with elements of soul, and Caribbean music (particularly reggae). ... Years after his death, Tupac Shakur is still considered one of the most influential rap artists of all time. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Kishan Aliaune Damala Bouga Time Puru Nacka Badara Akon Thiam,[1][2] often going by the shorter Aliaune Thiam[3] (born October 14, 1981),[4] and better known by his stage name Akon, is an American R&B singer, rapper, songwriter, record producer, and record executive. ... Artifacts are a now-defunct hip hop duo consisting of El da Sensei and Tame One. ... Chino XL (born Derek Keith Barbosa, April 8, 1971, in The Bronx, New York) is a New Jersey rapper well respected among hip-hop enthusiasts for his technically accomplished style and battling abilities. ... Joseph Anthony Budden (born August 31, 1980) is an American rapper, born in Spanish Harlem, New York City but lived in Jersey City, New Jersey for most of his life. ... Justin Smith (born in Paterson, New Jersey on January 14, 1978), better known as Just Blaze, is an American hip hop music producer. ... Paterson is a poem by influential modern American poet William Carlos Williams. ... Tracy Marrow (born February 16, 1958), better known as Ice T or Ice-T, is an American rapper, singer and actor. ... Brad Terrence Jordan[1] (born on November 9, 1970 in New Jersey), better known by his stage name Scarface (and formerly Akshen) is an American rapper originally known for his work as a member of The Geto Boys. ... Nickname: Map of Newark in Essex County Coordinates: , Country State County Essex Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836 Government  - Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area [1]  - Total 26. ... Location of Jersey City within Hudson County Coordinates: , Country State County Hudson Government  - Mayor Jerramiah T. Healy  - Business Administrator Brian P. OReilly Area  - City 21. ... The City of Camden is the county seat of Camden County, New Jersey in the United States. ...


Philadelphia

Philadelphia has produced many rappers in the eighties, such as Schoolly D Cool C, Steady B, and Three Times Dope. DJ Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince were one of the first to put Philly on the map. The Roots have also been followed by underground fans since the mid-1990s. It also famous for early 2000s mainstream acts such as Beanie Sigel, Eve, Freeway, State Property, Cassidy and Cyssero. The Philadelphia underground scene consists of Jedi Mind Tricks, Reef the Lost Cauze, Reed Dollaz, Chief Kamachi, Random, Last Emperor, and more. The Philadelphia hip hop scene has a unique style and slang; the term "jawn" is used as a universal interjection. For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... // Background Schoolly D is the moniker of Jesse B. Weaver, Jr. ... Christopher Roney (born April 27, 1969 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), known by the stage name Cool C, is an American rapper who whose musical career peaked in the late 1980s. ... Warren McGlone (born January 5, 1970 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), known by the stage name Steady B, is an American rapper who, along with Schoolly D and the Fresh Prince, was one of the first wave of Philadelphia-area rappers to gain notoriety in the mid to late 1980s. ... Three Times Dope is a hip hop trio from Philadelphia consisting of Robert Walker, Walter Griggs and Duerwood Beale. ... DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince was a 1980s and 1990s rap duo. ... The Roots, a. ... This article is about the decade of 2000-2009. ... This article refers to the rapper Beanie Sigel. For the gangster, see Bugsy Siegel. ... Eve Jihan Jeffers (born November 10, 1978), better known as Eve or E-V-E, is an American rapper, singer, and actress. ... For specific systems, such as the Autobahns of Germany, see list of highway systems with full control of access and no cross traffic. ... State Property is a rap crew from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA led by Roc-A-Fella Records rapper Beanie Sigel and comprised of Philly rappers Freeway, Peedi Crakk, Oschino and Sparks, and the Young Gunz (Young Chris and Neef). ... Barry Adrian Reese (born July 7, 1982), better known by his stage name Cassidy, is an American rapper. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the concept in Star Wars, see Jedi mind trick. ... Reef The Lost Cauze, born Sharif Talib Lacey, is a prominent underground hip-hop artist based in Philadelphia. ... Started by the Jedi Mind Tricks in the late nineties, the original Army of the Pharaohs line-up included five MCs: Vinnie Paz, Chief Kamachi, Esoteric, Virtuoso and Bahamadia. ... Jamal Gray more commonly known as The Last Emperor, is a Philadelphia-born rapper. ...


Boston

Though not very widely recognized, Boston has had a long history of hip hop mainly coming from the Black/African American and Latino ghettos of Dorchester, Mattapan, Roxbury, Jamaica Plain, East Boston, Hyde Park and Roslindale, Lawrence. [1]Some of its acclaimed acts include Mr. Lif, Akrobatik, music producer Clinton Sparks, Termanology, Virtuoso, Kabir, Dre Robinson, Bobby Brown, Benzino, Triple Threat, Made Men, Ed O.G., members of Gang Starr Foundation and 7L & Esoteric; it has also spawned artists who have gone on to impact Hip Hop majorly, such as Guru (who moved to New York to become one half of Gang Starr). A recent notable to emerge from Boston has been Slaine. For other uses, see LIF. Mr. ... Cover of Akrobatiks album Balance Akrobatik is a rapper from the Dorchester neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Daniel Carrillo, (better known by his stage name Termanology), is a Puerto Rican-American rapper from Lawrence, Massachusetts, who later moved to Haverhill, Massachusetts. ... Dre Robinson is an American rapper. ... This article is about the R&B singer. ... Raymond Scott, also known by his stage name Benzino (born October 24, 1965), is an American rapper and former co-owner of The Source, a hip hop magazine in the United States. ... The Triple Threat was a professional wrestling stable that existed in Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) from 1995 to 1998. ... Made Men was previously known as the Almighty RSO, a rap group from Boston, Massachusetts. ... Ed O.G. is a hip-hop artist from Boston, Massachusetts. ... Gang Starr Foundation is a loose collective of New York City rappers started by the hiphop group Gang Starr. ... 7L & Esoteric (7LES) formed in 1992 when Esoteric DJ’d a hip-hop show at a college radio station north of Boston. ... Born July 17, 1966 in Boston, Massachusetts, Guru (and occasionally Baldhead Slick), is an American rapper, and the lyrical half of Gang Starr, together with DJ Premier. ... Gang Starr is an influential hip hop group that consists of Guru and DJ Premier from Brooklyn, New York. ... Slaine is a caucasian hiphop MC from Boston, Massachusetts, best known for his work in the groups Special Teamz with Edo G, Jaysaun and DJ JayCeeOh and La Coka Nostra with Danny Boy, Everlast, Ill Bill, DJ Lethal and Big Left. ...


Baltimore

Baltimore is best known for its Baltimore Club music scene. Baltimore Club music is a subgenre of hip hop that combines repetitive, looped vocal snippets with heavy breakbeats and call and response stanzas similar to those found in the go-go music of Washington, D.C. Baltimore has had a long history of hip hop, and continues to thrive with a large underground scene. Bossman is a Baltimore based artist that has had limited regional attention. Other Baltimore area artists include Tim Trees with his breakout hit Bank Rolls, and B-Rich who achieved national attention with his hit single Whoa Now. Baltimore club, also called Baltimore breaks, Baltimore house, knucklehead, thump and Dew Doo beat, is a genre of house and dance music. ... This article is about breakbeat, the genre. ... In music, a call and response is a succession of two distinct phrases usually played by different musicians, where the second phrase is heard as a direct commentary on or response to the first. ... Go-Go is a subgenre of funk music developed in and around Washington, D.C. in the mid and late 1970s. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Bossman, born Travis Holifield, is a Baltimore, Maryland based rapper. ...


Washington D.C.

The DC hip hop scene has always taken a backseat to the other more prevalent genres in the area. Even still very influential groups have planted seeds in the city for future generations to follow. Groups like The Amphibians & Freestyle Union laid the foundation for artists like Wale, Unspoken Heard, Doujah Raze, Tabi Bonney, & Low Budget to help put DC's hip hop scene on the map. Wale Wale, (pronounced wah-lay, born September 21, 1983), is a Washington, DC hip hop artist who has recently gained national and international attention for his mixture of hip hop and go-go music. ... The Unspoken Heard is the hip-hop collaborative of rapper Asheru and producer Blue Black. ... Low Budget (also known as Low Budget Productions) is a collective of Hip hop musicians based in the Washington D.C. area. ...


Virginia

While many natives from Virginia do not have the signature East Coast sound, rap group The Clipse emphasize the lyricism and content the region is famous for. The duo consisting of Malice and Pusha T have said in the past they are influenced by New York emcees such as Big Daddy Kane and Wu-Tang Clan. This influence shows in their work, more so on their sophomore album Hell Hath No Fury. Virginia is a very low key component of the rap scene, with many of its artists being crossover hitmakers (Timbaland and The Neptunes). This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Clipse are a Virginia based multi-platinum selling hip-hop duo. ... The term Malice has several meanings: Malice (legal term), a legal term describing the intent to harm Malice (movie), a 1993 movie starring Nicole Kidman, Alec Baldwin and Bill Pullman Malice (noun), a way to describe the feeling of hatred or disrespect. ... The Clipse are a Virginia based hip-hop duo. ... Antonio Hardy (born September 10, 1968), better known by his stage name Big Daddy Kane, is a record producer/rapper from the Bed-Stuy section of Brooklyn, New York. ... Wu-Tang redirects here. ... Hell Hath No Fury is the oft-delayed second album from the Virginia hip hop duo Clipse. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Timberland. ... The Neptunes is the name for the record production duo consisting of Pharrell Williams and Chad Hugo, who created the sound for some very successful Hip Hop, R&B and Pop artists in the late-90s and 2000s. ...


Pittsburgh

In the relatively small city of Pittsburgh, there has been a recent drive among rappers to make their city more well known on America's hip hop map. Back in the early 90's Pittsburgh produce the likes of Sam Sneed and Mel-Man both producer/rappers that got there start on the West Coast with Suge Knight and Dr. Dre. As it stands today the most successful artist has undeniably been Wiz Khalifa, who has released three mixtapes and one album to date. He has made appearances in Source Magazine,XXL, and was also featured in the "Breaking" section of the Rolling Stone in 2006. His latest single, "Say Yeah," is receiving much national attention. Pittsburgh Slim is another artist from the area who has signed with a major label, which came about in 2007.Pittsburgh is also known for its talented producers such as Johnny Juliano, Sledgren, Nesia Beatz, and Arson. Other popular rappers in Pittsburgh include Joe Beast, S-Money, Kev Da Hustla, Von Treez, and Owey. Of course, there are dozens of unnamed underground rappers such as Playbizzle, Gizzy, and Ikey Bubz. Sam Sneed (born Sam Anderson 196? in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a producer and rapper. ... Melvin Bradford, better known as Mel-Man, is a hip-hop producer who co-produced Dr. Dres 2001 album. ... Cameron Thomaz (born 1987), better known by the stage name Wiz Khalifa, is an American rapper based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ...


East Coast hip hop record labels

Bad Boy Records (originally Bad Boy Entertainment) is an East Coast Hip-Hop/R&B record label founded by producer/rapper Sean Diddy Combs in 1993 that is a subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... Sean John Combs (born November 4, 1969[1]) is an American record producer, CEO, clothing designer, actor, and rapper. ... Def Jam Recordings, commonly referred to as Def Jam Records or just Def Jam is an United States based hip-hop record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as a part of The Island Def Jam Music Group. ... Russell Simmons (born October 4, 1957 in Queens, New York), is an American entrepreneur and record producer. ... Frederick Jay Rick Rubin (born March 10, 1963 in Lido Beach, New York) is a Jewish American record producer and is currently the co-head of Columbia Records. ... Roc-A-Fella Records is an American hip hop/rap record label. ... Damon Dash, also known as Dame Dash, (born May 3, 1971 in Harlem, New York) is an African-American label executive; the former CEO and co-founder of Roc-A-Fella Records with Shawn Jay-Z Carter and Kareem Biggs Burke. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Ruff Ryders Entertainment is a New York-based record label and management company, specializing in hip hop music. ... Kasseem Mike Dean (born August 30, 1978), better known by his stage name Swizz Beatz, is an American record producer and rapper. ... The Inc. ... Irving Lorenzo (born June 26, 1970 in Hollis, Queens, New York City, New York, United States), better known by his stage name Irv Gotti, is a prominent hip hop and R&B record producer and is the head of The Inc. ... Terror Squad Entertainment is a hip hop and R&B record label founded by Fat Joe in The Bronx, New York. ... Joseph Antonio Cartagena (born August 19, 1970), better known by his stage name Fat Joe, is an American rapper of Puerto Rican descent, and is signed to Imperial Records. ... Diplomat Records is the record label of the group The Diplomats, both created by Harlem rappers CamRon and Jim Jones . ... Cameron Giles (born February 4, 1976), better known as Camron, is American rapper from Harlem in New York City. ... G-Unit Records is a record label founded by 50 Cent and his manager Sha Money XL. After the debut of the album Get Rich or Die Tryin, 50 Cent was granted his own label. ... 50 cent redirects here. ... Label that was created by urban music producer Just Blaze. ... Justin Smith (born in Paterson, New Jersey on January 14, 1978), better known as Just Blaze, is an American hip hop music producer. ... American King Music is an urban record label that was founded in 2006 by Shawn Mims who is also known by his stage name MIMS. It operates as a subsidiary of Capitol Records & EMI. MIMS is currently prepping for the release of his second solo project as veteran rapper Bad... Shawn Tapiwa Mims (born March 22, 1981), popularly known as Mims, simply his last name, which is also his stage name. ... Created by two underground New York djs by DJ Clue and DJ Envy. ... // Ernesto Shaw (born January 8, 1975 in Jamaica, Queens, New York City, New York, USA), better known as DJ Clue?, is a Mixtape DJ known for his involvement in the Mixtape circuit and for being one of the first DJs not to mix songs in his mixtapes. ... Flipmode Records is a vanity label founded by Aftermath artist Busta Rhymes. ... Trevor Smith (born on May 20, 1972), better known as Busta Rhymes, is an American hip hop musician and actor. ... S. Carter Records is a record label formed by Jay-Z. The label includes Foxy Brown. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Loud Records is a subsidiary of Arista Records See also List of record labels Categories: Record label stubs | Record labels ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Damon Dash, also known as Dame Dash, (born May 3, 1971 in Harlem, New York) is an African-American label executive; the former CEO and co-founder of Roc-A-Fella Records with Shawn Jay-Z Carter and Kareem Biggs Burke. ... Russell Simmons Music Group or RSMG is a record label founded by hip-hop mogul Russell Simmons in a joint venture with his former label, Def Jam. ... Russell Simmons (born October 4, 1957 in Queens, New York), is an American entrepreneur and record producer. ... Full Surface Records is an American record label founded by hip-hop producer Swizz Beatz in 2000. ... Kasseem Mike Dean (born August 30, 1978), better known by his stage name Swizz Beatz, is an American record producer and rapper. ... // D-Block Records is an American hip hop record label founded by Sheek Louch, Jadakiss and Styles P. Even though the labels owner and president is Supa Mario. ... D Block is a rap group based in Yonkers, New York. ... Bloodline Records is a Hip Hop record Label founded by Rapper DMX. The label used to be distributed by Def Jam but is currently searching for a distributor since X left Def Jam for Sony BMG. Current Roster: DMX Big Stan Jinx Bazaar Royale Kashmir Janyce All of these artists... Earl Simmons (born on December 18, 1970 in Mt. ... Streetsweepers Entertainment is a mixtape record label run by DJ Kay Slay that is famous for launching the careers of artists like Amerie, Saigon, Grafh, Prinz, Thug-A-Cation, and Papoose. ... DJ Kay Slay, (born Kenneth Gleason in 1966) also known as the Drama King, is the ringmaster of the new hip-hop rivalries, played out on his mixtapes. ... Rawkus Records is an American hip hop record label, known for jump-starting the careers of both Mos Def and Talib Kweli. ... Cold Chillin Records was a producer-and-crew label that released many classic records in the late 1980s and early 1990s, founded by manager Tyrone Williams and run by Len Fichtelberg. ... Blacksmith Records is a record label headed by Harlem born Corey Smyth and Talib Kweli of Black Star. ... Talib Kweli Greene (born October 3, 1975), better known as Talib Kweli, is an American MC from Brooklyn, New York. ... Rostrum Records is an American record label, founded in 2003 by Benjy Grinberg in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ...

References

  1. ^ Rhyming under the radar - The Boston Globe

See also

Carnegie Hall, a major music venue in New York The music of New York City is a diverse and important field in the world of music; no American city has as central a place in music history as New York City. ... Graffiti and street art emerged in New York as part of the Zoo York subculture in the 1970s. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Rap redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... DJ Mixer. ... Hip hop is a subculture, which is said to have begun with the work of DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five, and Afrika Bambaattaa. ... A boy hitting (holding) a pike Breakdance (media coined phrase), also known as breaking, b-girling or b-boying, is a street dance style that evolved as part of the hip hop movement that originated among African American youths in the South Bronx of New York City during the early... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... Faada Freddy of the Senegalese rap crew Daara J in Germany, 2005. ... Hip hop dance refers to dance styles, mainly street dance styles, primarily danced to hip hop music, or that have evolved as a part of the hip hop culture. ... Hip Hop Theatre is a sub-genre of Hip-Hopera that came to the American stage in the late 20th century. ... The roots of hip hop can be found in 1970s block parties in New York City, specifically The Bronx[1]. Hip hop culture, including rapping, scratching, graffiti, and breakdancing. ... Old school hip hop is a term used to describe the very earliest hip hop music to come out of the block parties of New York City in the 1970s and 1980s. ... New school hip hop is a rarely-heard term referring to hip hop created later in the forms development, contrasted with old school hip hop. ... The golden age of hip hop, derivative of old school hip hop, was probably introduced with the popularity of Run-DMCs 1986 album Raising Hell. ... See also: Category:Hip hop genres Hip hop music can be subdivided into subgenres, fusions with other genres and regional hip hop scenes. ... This is a list of influential albums in the history of hip hop music. ... Hip hop music was primarily limited to its country of origin, the United States, until the 1980s, at which point it reached into other countries and continents until its presence was worldwide. ... Hip hop music has been popular in Africa since the early 1980s due to widespread American influence. ... Cover of sampler CD (2003) This article is about hip hop music and culture originating in the Arabic-speaking world. ... Asian Hip Hop is a heterogeneous musical genre that covers all hip hop music as recorded and produced by artists of Asian origin. ... European hip hop is hip hop music created by European musicians. ... Latin rap is not a homogeneous musical style but rather a term that covers all Hip-Hop music recorded by artists of Latino origin. ... This article is about hip hop music and culture originating in the Middle East. ... Hip hop is quite a new style of music for Bosnia and Herzegovina, but it has nevertheless proven very popular. ... Dominican hip hop has its own style of hip hop music by mixing its native music and rapping to it like in the genres Merenrap or Merenhouse where they just take a blend of their native dance music called Merengue and rap to it. ... Greenlandic hip hop began in 1985 with the formation of the Inuit rap crew Nuuk Posse, though hip hop music first came to Greenland a year earlier. ... Rap marocain Moroccan rap ---- (more info) Stage 2 : In Progress (How-to) Its an interesting translation about Morocco Spy-jones 13:44, 31 May 2007 (UTC) This article didnt exist in English-language Wikipedia Spy-jones 20%   00:16, 1 June 2007 (UTC) Join this translation   ---   Update this... Native American hip hop is popular among Native Americans in the United States and the First Nations of Canada. ... Nepalese hip hop music, also referred to as NEPHOP, has a slight blend of Nepalese traditional music, western popular music, with lyrics that are usually altruistic and depicting the present Nepalese political and economic situation. ... Serbian hip hop refers to all genres of hip hop music in the Serbian language, mostly from Serbia, Republika Srpska (BiH), and Montenegro. ... Taiwanese hip hop music started in the early 1990s, popularized by early hip hop trio L.A. Boyz. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
East Coast hip hop: Information from Answers.com (3937 words)
East Coast hip hop (sometimes also referred to as New York hip hop) is a style of hip hop music that originated in New York City during the early-1970s.
East Coast hip hop emerged as a definitive subgenre after artists from other regions of the United States, chiefly the West Coast and the South, emerged with different styles of hip hop.
Hip hop music emerged from block parties thrown by owners of loud and expensive stereo equipment, which they could share with the community or use to compete among ultra-competitive West Indian DJs who began isolating the percussion break from funk or disco songs.
East Coast Hip-Hop - What Is East Coast HIp-Hop Hip (342 words)
East coast hip-hop is sometimes referred to as New York Rap because it originated from block parties thrown on the streets of New York city in the 1970's.
East coast hip-hop was dominant during the late 1980's and mid-90's (the golden era of hip-hop, and is still relevant today.
East coast hip-hop has undergone a series of musical surgeries, from the lyrical subgenre that gave yield to Rakim and Nas, to the conscious approach made famous by Public Enemy and Beastie Boys, and later the mafioso rap blueprint popularized by Kool G Rap, Raekwon and AZ, and now back to the lyrical.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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