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Encyclopedia > East Boston, Massachusetts

East Boston was annexed by the City of Boston in 1636 and is separated from the rest of the city by Boston Harbor and bordered by Winthrop, Revere, and the Chelsea Creek. Directly west of East Boston across Boston Harbor is the North End and Boston's Financial District. Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ...   Nickname: Winthrop-by-the-Sea Settled: 1635 â€“ Incorporated: 1852 Zip Code(s): 02152 â€“ Area Code(s): 617 / 857 Official website: http://www. ... Revere is a city located in Suffolk County, Massachusetts and borders Winthrop, East Boston and Chelsea to the south, Everett and Malden to the west, Saugus and Lynn to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. ... Chelsea Creek is a short waterway that runs along the shore of Chelsea, Massachusetts and separates that community from the cities of Boston and Revere. ... North End can refer to: North End, the Northern part of the island of Lundy in England. ... The Financial District of Boston, Massachusetts, USA is located in the downtown area near Government Center and Chinatown. ...

East Boston 1879

Contents

Image File history File links East-Boston-Arial-1879. ... Image File history File links East-Boston-Arial-1879. ...

History

East Boston 1806

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1179x845, 2424 KB) 1806 Boston and its environs(Phillips, R (1806), Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library, http://maps. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1179x845, 2424 KB) 1806 Boston and its environs(Phillips, R (1806), Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library, http://maps. ...

Early history

The landmass that is East Boston today was originally five islands — Noddle, Hog (later Orient Heights), Breed's, Governor's, Bird and Apple — that were connected using landfill, the latter three as part of the expansion of Logan Airport during World War II. Not long after the settling of Boston, Noddle Island served as grazing land for cattle. Orient Heights is a historic section of East Boston. ...

Willaim Hyslop Sumner
Willaim Hyslop Sumner

Image File history File links Sumner. ... Image File history File links Sumner. ...

Proposed Turnpike

In 1801 William H. Sumner had proposed to the Federal Government that a turnpike that was planned to connect Salem to Boston take its route over the as yet undeveloped Noddle’s Island. He argued that the route over Noddle’s Island would be more direct and easier to develop. He stated The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Willaim Hyslop Sumner William Hyslop Sumner was born on July 4 1780 in Roxbury Massachusetts. ...   Nickname: Witch City Settled: 1626 â€“ Incorporated: 1626 Zip Code(s): 01970 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ...

… in my opinion that the circular route from Chelsea thro’ Charlestown to Boston is about 1 of a mile farther than a direct course over Noddle’s Island in Boston. ….. The course suggested will be almost in a direct line, from my knowledge of the land….On the back part of the Island is a muddy creek and the distance of the Island to Boston is not so great by one third, I presume as it is from Chelsea to Moreton Point in Charlestown. …. There is no doubt that but that the necessities of the town of Boston will some require a connection with Noodle’s Island with the town of which it is part.[1] Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1624 Incorporated 1739 Government  - Type Council-manager city  - City Manager Jay Ash Area  - City  2. ...

The one issue that he foresaw but tried to gloss over was the land on Charlestown that was purchased by the federal government as the site for a future naval yard. His belief was that a standing navy, which was in disfavor at that point in the nation’s history, would not stand in his way. However the War of 1812, which was viewed as a naval war, changed the public's opinion about the needs for a navy. Because the route through East Boston and over the Boston Harbor would block ships' route to the future Charlestown Navy Yard the turnpike was set to go through Chelsea as opposed to over Noddle’s Island. Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910. ... The Boston Navy Yard, originally Charlestown Navy Yard and after 1945 Boston Naval Shipyard, was one of the oldest shipbuilding facilities of the United States Navy. ... Combatants United States Great Britain Canada Bermuda Eastern Woodland Indians Commanders James Madison Henry Dearborn Jacob Brown Winfield Scott Andrew Jackson George Prevost Isaac Brock† Tecumseh† Strength •U.S. Regular Army: 35,800 •Rangers: 3,049 •Militia: 458,463* •US Navy & US Marines: (at start of war): •Frigates:6 •Other... The Boston Navy Yard, originally Charlestown Navy Yard and after 1945 Boston Naval Shipyard, was one of the oldest shipbuilding facilities of the United States Navy. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1624 Incorporated 1739 Government  - Type Council-manager city  - City Manager Jay Ash Area  - City  2. ...

Formation of East Boston Company

Sumner began to make his move for the acquisition of all of Noddle’s Island upon the death of Colonel Geenough who had been a long time holdout against selling to Sumner. Geenough died of apoplexy, his wife and children wanted to rid themselves of their portion of the island. Interestingly in 1836 Sumner married Greenough’s widow, Maria Foster Doane. General Sumner, with the assistance of his newly acquired business partners Steven White and Francis J. Oliver, purchased this at $100 an acre or $32,500. This purchase gave Sumner control of one half of the island. In February of 1832 after Sumner, White and Oliver had control of half the island, the group formed the East Boston Company. They stated that their half of the island was to be divided into 666 shares and that the island would be managed by a board of directors who would be able to sell or dispose of the company’s interest in the island. Realizing that establishing transportation to the local was imperative in its formation they were dedicated to pushing for a railroad from Boston to Salem over the island and to establish a ferry between the island and Boston. Each share of the Company was equal to half an acre. There were 5,280 in total, of which Sumner owned 1320, Mrs. Gerard 880, Steven White 880 and Oliver 440; the rest where spread among 29 other shareholders. By the end of 1833, the East Boston Company had complete control over the whole island.[1] Apoplexy is an old-fashioned medical term, generally used interchangeably with cerebrovascular accident (CVA or stroke) but having other meanings as well. ...


Connections to the mainland

East Boston’s largest problem was transportation – Earlier attempts to bring in a highway failed. Being an island, East Boston could not become a valuable asset until people had a reliable way to reach the area. This The East Boston Company understood. Initially as a temporary solution they adopted a "four man power paddle boat" to carrying 15 persons at a time from Boston Proper to East Boston. This was used primarily for the occasional public official and workers on the island. Later even though they did not have the ridership to support one, the company purchased the steamship Tom Thumb. This was a temporary solution until ferry service could be implemented. A paddle steamer, paddleboat, or paddlewheeler is a ship driven by one or more paddle wheels driven by a steam engine. ... Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ...

East Boston 1838
East Boston 1838

The Steam powered railroad at this point was in its infancy and the East Boston Company was approached by an inventor of a new type of rail system, "the suspended railroad". This was one earliest suspended railroads to be built. The cars where humorously named "Saddle bags" and fit 6 persons each. They were propelled by a steam engine hanging from a suspended track. Henry Sargent, the inventor, presented it as a wonder that people from Boston would flock to and "that his invention would make the island a centre of attraction to a multiple of people"[2] The company allowed this to be built on its land and it was an attraction for nine days in 1834 and then was closed because of lack of ridership. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1183x850, 2306 KB) 19th Century Map of Boston 1838 (Bradford, T. G., Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library, http://maps. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1183x850, 2306 KB) 19th Century Map of Boston 1838 (Bradford, T. G., Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library, http://maps. ... Steam railroad is a term used in the United States to distinguish conventional heavy railroads from street railways, interurban streetcar lines, and other light railways usually dedicated primarily to passenger transport. ...


In the mid 1830s the company made several investments and moves to further East Boston’s desirability. They continued the attempts on getting the Eastern Railroad to come to East Boston, The Maverick and The East Boston Ferries began service from Lewis’s Wharf on the Boston mainland to East Boston, a free bridge to Chelsea was built, roads were laid out and houses were built. Much of this activity was being spurred by the formation East Boston Lumber Company. The Boston Sugar Refinery was also built in this period and is credited for the creation of white granulated sugar.[3] The following railroads have been known as Eastern Railroad or Eastern Railway: Eastern Railway (Alabama) Eastern Railway (Western Australia) Austrian Eastern Railway Eastern Railway (India) Eastern Railroad (Maine), a competitor and later subsidiary of the Boston and Maine Railroad from Boston, Massachusetts through New Hampshire into Maine Eastern Railway (Minnesota... Magnification of grains of sugar, showing their monoclinic hemihedral crystalline structure. ...


Later History

The character of the area changed when the marshland was filled in and the streets laid out. Since the mid-19th century, the community has served as a foothold for immigrants to America: Irish and Canadians came first, followed by Russian Jews and Italians, then came Southeast Asians, and, most recently, large numbers of Central and South Americans. Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


The population of East Boston, which was recorded as a mere thousand in 1837, exploded to a high of just over 64,000 according to the 1925 census. Most of these were families from southern Italy. Today the neighborhood is home to slightly more than 38,000 people, with the median income per household around $31,000. Current demographic is a true potpourri of cultures, with groups of residents of Italian, Central American, Vietnamese, and even Irish descent populating various enclaves of the neighborhood. Though the North End is today thought of as Boston's "Little Italy," Orient Heights, the historic hill in East Boston, was the very first area in Massachusetts to which Italians immigrated, back in the 1860s and 1870s, and remains the heart of the Italian community in East Boston. Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Southern Italy, often referred to in Italian as the Mezzogiorno (a term first used in 19th century in comparison with French Midi ) encompasses six of the countrys 20 regions: Basilicata Campania Calabria Puglia Sicilia Sardinia Sicilia although it is geographically and administratively included in Insular Italy, it has a... Central America is the region of North America located between the southern border of Mexico and the northwest border of Colombia, in South America. ... Orient Heights is a historic section of East Boston. ...


Transportation

East Boston and Logan Airport

For a long time, transportation has played a role in the shaping of East Boston. The world's finest clipper ships were built at the shipyard owned by Donald McKay in the mid-1800s; the tunnel, opened in 1904, connecting the neighborhood to the rest of the city via subway was the first underwater tunnel of its kind in the US; Rows of houses were torn down to build the Sumner (1934) and Callahan (1961) tunnels, directly connecting automobile traffic from downtown Boston to the neighborhood; an airfield built in East Boston in the early 1920s eventually expanded to become Logan International Airport. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (833x701, 141 KB)Bostons Logan Airport (KBOS) aerial view. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (833x701, 141 KB)Bostons Logan Airport (KBOS) aerial view. ... Summary details of famous Clipper Ships (those without a separate Wikipedia Article) Ariel, 1865, 197. ... Donald McKay (1810–1880) was a Canadian-born American designer and builder of sailing ships. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway—usually in an urban area—with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... Logan International Airport with aircraft taking off over harbor Bostons Logan International Airport from the airside lounge of Terminal E, illustrating how the airport is largely surrounded by water. ...


Logan Airport, New England’s primary international airport and the 20th busiest in the US, resides mainly in East Boston (though part of the airfield itself lies in Winthrop). It is almost completely surrounded by water. Landing at Logan is interesting as you often do not see the runway until you touch down. There has been some controversy surrounding Logan. Conflict with MassPort, which owns and operates Logan, has been a source of bitterness among some local residents for decades. One expansion of the airport resulted in the community losing Wood Island Park, a green space designed by the noted landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted. In another episode, Logan construction caused noisy trucks to rumble through the neighborhood until a group of local women took to the streets with their baby carriages and blocked the vehicles.[4] The tension between the airport and some local citizens continues, with MassPort attempting to expand again and add a fifth runway. Winthrop is the name of some places: In the United States of America: Winthrop, Maine Winthrop, Massachusetts Winthrop, Minnesota Winthrop, Arkansas Winthrop, Iowa Winthrop, Washington In Australia: Winthrop, Western Australia Winthrop is also part of the name of: Winthrop University John Winthrop Winthrop Rockefeller Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP This... Massachusetts Port Authority, or Massport, is an independent agency of the state of Massachusetts. ... Frederick Law Olmsted (April 26, 1822 – August 28, 1903) was a United States landscape architect, famous for designing many well-known urban parks, including Central Park and Prospect Park in New York City. ...

View from East Boston Side
View from East Boston Side

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 496 KB) Summary Boston from the harbor side. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 496 KB) Summary Boston from the harbor side. ...

Demographics

Though East Boston has a spectacular view of the downtown skyline, the community's rents and property values have increased more slowly than the extraordinary growth seen in the rest of the metro-Boston region during the late 1990s and early 2000s. This slower growth can be attributed to factors such as: the isolated nature of the neighborhood, difficulties of real estate development along the waterfront and the negative attitude towards Logan Airport that local East Boston residents have perpetuated.


For many years East Boston’s connections to Boston, which included the Sumner (westbound), Callahan (eastbound) tunnels and the through Chelsea by way of the Tobin Bridge, have been overcrowded. Persons going to the Airport from western and southern Massachusetts would have to use one of these two access points causing constant traffic jams. The building of the Ted Williams Tunnel which extends the Mass Pike to the airport has alleviated much of this traffic problem. Boston has also supplied residents with special transponders that allow them to pay reduced tolls on the Sumner and Ted Williams tunnels. Bostons North End and the Tobin Bridge The Maurice J. Tobin Memorial Bridge, operated by the Massachusetts Port Authority, carries U.S. Highway 1 over the Mystic River in Massachusetts between Charlestown and Chelsea. ... The South Shore of Massachusetts, also known as the Irish Riviera, is a geographic region stretching south and east from Boston along the shore of Massachusetts Bay toward Cape Cod. ...


Local government has hindered private investment in the waterfront for many years. Recently this has changed and the Boston Redevelopment Authority has begun implementing the East Boston Municipal Harbor Plan[5]. This development is created in order to reconnect East Boston with its waterfront through condominiums, restaurants and shops. The Boston Redevelopment Authority is a planning and development agency in Boston. ...


Sites of Interest

Constitution Beach

East Boston is home to one of Boston's more popular public beaches. Constitution Beach — which is known to locals as "Shays Beach" — is a small beach located in the Orient Heights section of the community. It has been undergoing renovations since the mid 1990s and is entering the final stages of the renovation process, in which a new public bathhouse and refreshment stand will be built. During peak season, it is not uncommon to see more than 100 residents on the sands of Constitution Beach. The Beach in Calella, Spain. ... Constitution Beach is a small, cresent-shaped, sandy beach located in the Orient Heights section of East Boston, a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Known to locals as Shays Beach, the most distinctive feature of the beach is that it directly faces part of Logan Airport, so that airplanes taking...


Piers Park

Piers Park is on the west side of East Boston and overlooks Boston Harbor with downtown Boston in the background. The park is consists of meandering brick promenades with open grass and tree sections. There are several pavilions, one of which is dedicated to Donald McKay. Along with amphitheater there is a community boating program where residents can rent sailboats. [6] Donald McKay (1810–1880) was a Canadian-born American designer and builder of sailing ships. ...


Suffolk Downs

Fed by Rte 1 and a Blue line stop, Suffolk Downs was opened in 1935 and at the point it was considered modern, although now it looks dated. For years they have held a Grade II event at the track called the MassCap. More recently the track has been complaining that revenues have been drained as result of Indian Casinos in Rhode Island and Connecticut and have canceled the MassCap.[7] RTÉ One is the Republic of Irelands oldest and most popular television channel, operated by Irish state broadcaster Radio Telefís Éireann. ... A Blue Line train at the recently rebuilt Logan Airport station. ... Starting Gate at Suffolk Downs. ... A graded stakes race is a term applied to a Thoroughbred horse race in the United States and Canada to describe races that derive their name from the stake, or entry fee, owners must pay. ... Frequently dubbed the MassCap, the Massachusetts Handicap is a thoroughbred horse race held at Suffolk Downs, in Boston, Massachusetts. ... In 1987 the U.S. Supreme Court recognized that as sovereign political entities, Native American tribes could operate gaming facilities free of state regulation. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ...


East Boston branch library

The first public branch library in the United States was established in East Boston in 1869. The library, which was moved from its original location in the old Lyman School, was started with the collection from the Sumner library and the Boston Public Library. As a result of the Sumner collection it has a large collection of books on Clipper ships as well as the history of East Boston.[8] The Boston Public Librarys McKim building The Boston Public Library was established in 1848. ... Summary details of famous Clipper Ships (those without a separate Wikipedia Article) Ariel, 1865, 197. ...


See also

Central Square is the area surrounding the intersection of Bennington Street and Meridian Street in the Boston neighborhood of East Boston. ... Day Square is the area surrounding the intersection of Bennington Street and Chelsea Street in the Boston neighborhood of East Boston. ... The East Boston gas surge was a series of fires and at least one explosion that took place early on the morning of September 24, 1983, when an underground control that regulated the flow of natural gas failed, causing a surge of the fuel into the community of East Boston... Maverick Square is a business district in the Boston neighborhood of East Boston that is intersected by several thoroughfares, most notably Chelsea Street and Meridian Street. ... Orient Heights is a historic section of East Boston. ... St. ... Willaim Hyslop Sumner William Hyslop Sumner was born on July 4 1780 in Roxbury Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) operates local buses in East Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, connecting to the Blue Line at Maverick or Wood Island. ...

References

  1. ^ a b History of East Boston, William Sumner, Chap. 14
  2. ^ History of East Boston, William Sumner, Chap. 15
  3. ^ Sugar Hitory site
  4. ^ Boston.com "Their 2D Run at Runway"
  5. ^ BRA waterfront plan
  6. ^ http://www.bostonharborwalk.com/placestogo/location.php?nid=4&sid=24
  7. ^ Suffolk Downs Site
  8. ^ City of Boston


Neighborhoods in Boston, Massachusetts

Allston/Brighton · Back Bay · Beacon Hill · Charlestown · Chinatown · Dorchester · Downtown Crossing · East Boston · Fenway-Kenmore · Government Center · Hyde Park · Jamaica Plain · Longwood · Mattapan · Mission Hill · North End · Roslindale · Roxbury · South Boston · South End · West End · West Roxbury Houses on Louisburg Square, Beacon Hill. ... Allston is a neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, USA, located in the western part of the city. ... Cemetary and apartment houses along Commonwealth Avenue, Brighton, near Chandlers Pond Brighton is a working-class, urban neighborhood of the City of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Aerial view of Back Bay, Boston including the Prudential Center and John Hancock Tower with MIT and Cambridgeport across the Charles River. ... Cutting down Beacon Hill, about 1800; a view from the north toward the Massachusetts State House. ... Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910. ... The Beach Street gate into Bostons Chinatown. ... 1888 German map of Boston Harbor showing Dorchester in the lower left hand corner. ... Downtown Crossing is a shopping district in Boston, Massachusetts, located due south of the Boston Common and west of the Financial District. ... Fenway-Kenmore is an area of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Government Center circa 2000 Government Center is a city square and plaza in Boston, Massachusetts, bounded by Cambridge, Court, Congress, and Sudbury Streets. ... Hyde Park is the most southern neighborhood of the City of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Jamaica Plain, commonly known as JP, is a historic neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Longwood Medical and Academic Area (also known as Longwood Medical Area, LMA, or just Longwood) is a section of Boston with a high density of hospitals, colleges, and biomedical research centers. ... Mattapan is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ... Mission Hill is a one square mile neighborhood of approximately 18,000 people in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Image of the North End, Boston neighborhood. ... Roslindale is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, with the ZIP Code 02131. ... Roxbury is a neighborhood within Boston, Massachusetts. ... Mural in South Boston saying Welcome to South Boston in English and Fáilte go mBoston Uheas in Irish. ... The South End is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The West End of Boston, Massachusetts is a neighborhood bounded generally by Cambridge Street to the south, the Charles River to the west and northwest, Martha Road and Lomasney Way on the north and northeast, and Staniford Street on the west. ... Founded in 1630 (contemporaneously with Boston), West Roxbury, Massachusetts was originally part of the town of Roxbury and was mainly used as farmland. ...

Coordinates: 42°22′30″N, 71°02′21″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
East Boston, Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (614 words)
East Boston is a blue-collar neighborhood that is separated from the rest of the city of Boston by Boston Harbor and bordered by Winthrop, Revere, and the Chelsea Creek.
Today, East Boston is primarily known for Logan Airport and the controversy surrounding it.
Though East Boston has a spectacular view of the downtown skyline, the community's rents and property values have increased more slowly than the extraordinary growth seen in the rest of the metro-Boston region during the late 1990s and early 2000s.
Wikinfo | Boston, Massachusetts (1315 words)
Boston is the capital and largest city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the USA.
Boston is the county seat of Suffolk County.
Boston grew rapidly and became wealthy as the primary port for ships bound to Great Britain and the West Indies from the colonies.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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