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Encyclopedia > East Azarbaijan Province
East Azarbaijan Province
استان آذربایجان شرقی
Location
Info
Admin. Center:
 • Coordinates:
Tabriz
 • 38.0766° N 46.2800° E
Area : 45,650 km²
Population(2005):
 • Density :
3,500,183
 • 76.7/km²
No. of Counties: 19
Time zone: UTC+3:30
Main language(s): Azeri
Persian

East Azarbaijan or East Azerbaijan (Persian: آذربایجان شرقی, Āzarbāijān-e Sharqi; Azeri: Şərqi Azərbaycan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the northwest of the country, bordering Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, and the provinces of Ardabil, West Azarbaijan, and Zanjan. Its capital is Tabriz. Image File history File links IranEastAzerbaijan. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Tabriz (Azeri and Persian: تبریز; is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... The provinces of Iran are divided into counties or shahrestānhā (Persian: شهرستان, singular shahrestān), and each shahrestan is subdivided into districts or bakhshānhā (Persian: بخش, singular bakhsh). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Azerbaijani language, also called Azeri, Azari, Azeri Turkish, or Azerbaijani Turkish, is the official language of the Republic of Azerbaijan. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Farsi redirects here. ... The Azerbaijani language, also called Azeri, Azari, Azeri Turkish, or Azerbaijani Turkish, is the official language of the Republic of Azerbaijan. ... Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... Sheikh Safis Tomb Ardabil (Persian: اردبیل; also known as: Ardebil; ancient name: Artavil) is one of 30 provinces of Iran. ... West Azarbaijan (in Persian, آذربایجان ØºØ±Ø¨ÛŒ Azarbāyejān-e-Qarbi; in Kurdish, Azerbaycanî Rojawa; in Azerbaijani, QÉ™rbi AzÉ™rbaycan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Zanjan (زنجان in Persian) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Tabriz (Azeri and Persian: تبریز; is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ...

Contents

Geography

The province covers an area of approximately 47,830 km², it has a population of around four million people. According to the latest divisions of the country in 1996, the counties of this province are:Ahar, Ajabshir, Bostan Abad, Bonab, Tabriz, Jolfa, Sarab, Shabestar, Kaleybar, Maragha, Marand, Malekan, Miyana, Heris, and Hashtrood. The historical city of Tabriz is the most important city of this province, culturally, politically, and commercially. The province has common borders with the current Republics of Azerbaijan, Armenia and Nakhchivan. A fine network of roads and railways connect East Azarbaijan to other parts of Iran and also to neighboring countries. Arasbaran forests in the vicinity of Ahar (Kaleibar county) Ahar town lies on the north-west face of Mount Sabalan in eastern Iran Ahar is a town and the capital of Ahar County in East Azerbaijan provience, Iran. ... Tabriz (Azeri and Persian: تبریز; is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ... This article is about a city in northwest Iran. ... Shabestar is a town in Iran. ... Maragheh or Maraghah is a town in the East Azarbaijan Province of Iran, on the Safi River. ... Marand is among major cities in East Azerbaijan province of Iran. ... Mianeh, also spelled Miyana or Miyaneh (Persian: میانه; Azeri: MiyanÉ™) is a city in East Azerbaijan (north-western province of Iran), situated in a valley between the mountain chains of Bozgush and Qaflan Kooh. ... Tabriz (Azeri and Persian: تبریز; is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ...


The highest peak of East Azarbaijan is Sahand Mountain at 3,722 m of elevation, lying south of Tabriz, whereas the lower lying areas are around Garmadooz (Ahar). The heights of the province may be classified into three sectors, namely: the Qara Daq Mountains, the Sahand and Bozqoosh Mountains, and the Qaflan Kooh Mountains. Tabriz (Azeri and Persian: تبریز; is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ...


Generally speaking, East Azarbaijan enjoys a cool, dry climate, being in the main a mountainous region. But the gentle breezes off the Caspian Sea have some influence on the climate of the low-lying areas. Temperatures run up to 8.9 °C in Tabriz, and 20 °C in Maraqeh, in the winter dropping to -10-15 °C at least (depending on how cold the overall year is) . The ideal seasons to visit this province are in the spring and summer months. The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the worlds largest lake or a full-fledged sea. ...

History

Monument of the poets, Tabriz. Dozens of Iranian poets are commemorated here. Many of Iran's great names in literature and politics hail from this province.

East Azarbaijan is one of the most archaic territories in Iran. During the reign of Alexander of Macedon in Iran (331 BCE), a warrior known as Attorpat led a revolt in this area, then a territory of the Medes, and thereafter it was called Attorpatkan. Since then this vicinity has been known as Azarabadegan, Azarbadgan and Azarbayjan. Tabriz (Azeri and Persian: تبریز; is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ... Bust of Alexander the Great in the British Museum. ... Mede nobility. ...


Islamic researchers proclaim that the birth of the prophet Zoroaster was in this area, in the vicinity of Lake Orumieh (Chichesht), Konzak City. Needless to say, this province was subject to numerous political and economical upheavals, attracting the interest of foreigners. The Russians in particular have tried to exert a lasting influence in the region over the past 300 years, occupying the area on numerous occasions. The constitutionalist movement of Iran began here in the late 1800s. Zoroaster (Greek Ζωροάστρης, Zōroastrēs) or Zarathustra (Avestan: Zaraθuštra), also referred to as Zartosht (Persian: ; Kurdish: ), was an ancient Iranian prophet and religious poet. ... The Persian Constitutional Revolution was a revolution in Iran against the despotic rule of the last Qajar Shah. ... // ON MAY 5 1853 MR.FADER HAD SEX WITH A MAN NAME MR WIEN THEN THEY HAD SON NAMEDMRS COTURE AND MR MANOOGIAN WENT INTO MRS HASKELLS OFFICE NAKED AND DANCED AROUND AND MASTERBATED ON HER CHEST AND SHE LICKED IT OFF THEN THEY HAD ORAL SEEX WITH NAPLOEAN OF...


Ethnic tensions in Azerbaijan can visibly trace their origins back to the colonialist policies of the Soviet Union and Imperial Russia. In a cable sent on July 6th 1945 by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the local Soviet commander in Russian (northern) held Azerbaijan was instructed as such: Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... In modern usage, the term communist party is generally used to identify any political party which has adopted communist ideology. ...

"Begin preparatory work to form a national autonomous Azerbaijan district with broad powers within the Iranian state and simultaneously develop separatist movements in the provinces of Gilan, Mazandaran, Gorgan, and Khorasan".[1]

Gilan (Persian: گیلان, locally known as Guilan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran, known during ancient times as part of Hyrcania, with a population of approximately 2 million and an area of 14,700 sq. ... Mazandaran (Persian: مازندران) is a province in northern Iran, bordering the Caspian Sea in the north. ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Gorgan Gorgan (Persian: گرگان, Land of the Wolf) is the capital city of the Iranian province of Golestan. ... Map showing the pre-2004 Khorasan Province in Iran Khorasan (Persian: خراسان) (also transcribed as Khurasan and Khorassan, anciently called Traxiane during Hellenistic and Parthian times is currently a region located in north eastern Iran, but historically referred to a much larger area east and north-east of the Persian Empire...

Administrative Divisions

Map Abbreviation in map County (Shahrestan)
A Ahar (Arasbaran)
B Bonab
BA Bostan Abad
H Heris
HR Hashtrood
K Kalibar
Md Marand
Mn Mianeh
Mq Maraqeh
S Sarab
Sh Shabestar
T Tabriz

A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... A geographical political division in Iran. ... Marand is among major cities in East Azerbaijan province of Iran. ... Mianeh, also spelled Miyana or Miyaneh (Persian: میانه; Azeri: Miyanə) is a city in East Azerbaijan (north-western province of Iran), situated in a valley between the mountain chains of Bozgush and Qaflan Kooh. ... Maragheh or Maraghah is a city in the East Azarbaijan Province of Iran, on the Safi River. ... Shabestar is a town in Iran. ... Tabriz (Azeri and Persian: تبریز; is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ...

Culture

The most outstanding features from a cultural point of view are the language, Azari, and folklore of this region. According to Dehkhoda Dictionary, the language of Azarbaijan is originally "a branch of the Iranian languages known as Azari" (see Ancient Azari language).[2] Apart from this, the province also boasts numerous learned scholars, gnostics, several national poets such as Mowlana Baba Mazeed, Khajeh Abdol Raheem Aj Abadi, Sheikh Hassan Bolqari, and Abdolqader Nakhjavani, to name a few, and the contemporary poet Ostad Mohammad Hossein Shahriyar. The current leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, also originally comes from this region. The Azerbaijani language, also called Azeri, Azari, Azeri Turkish, or Azerbaijani Turkish, is the official language of the Republic of Azerbaijan. ... Dehkhoda Dictionary is the largest ever lexical compilation of the Persian language. ... Azari, also spelled Adari, Adhari or (Ancient) Azeri, is the name used for the Iranian language which was spoken in Azerbaijan before it was replaced by the modern Azeri or Azerbaijani language, which is of Turkic language. ... Ayatollah Sayyed Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran. ... Grand Âyatollâh   (Persian: آیت‌الله سید علی حسینی کس ننه ای Ä€yatollāh Seyyed `AlÄ« ḤoseynÄ« KhāmeneÄ«) (born 17 July 1939), also known as Seyyed Ali Khamenei,[1] is the current Supreme Leader of Iran and was the president of Iran from 1981 to 1989. ...


Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization has registered 936 sites of historical significance in the province. Some are contemporary, and some are from the antiquity of ancient Persia. "Zahak Citadel", for example, is the name of an ancient ruin in East Azarbaijan, which according to various experts, was inhabited from the second millennium BC until the Timurid era. First excavated in the 1800s by British archeologists, Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization has been studying the structure in 6 phases.[1] Iran Cultural Heritage Organization (سازمان میراث فرهنگی) is an educational and research institution overseeing numerous associated museum complexes throughout Iran. ... Zahak, Zahhak, Zahak-e Tāzi or (Arab Zahak) also knwon as Bivar-Asp, which means [he who has] 10,000 horses in the Pahlavi (middle Persian) language, and Avestan Āži-Dahāk) is a mythical figure of ancient Persia (Iran). ... Iran Cultural Heritage Organization (سازمان میراث فرهنگی) is an educational and research institution overseeing numerous associated museum complexes throughout Iran. ...


East Azarbaijan hails from a rich compendium of Azeri traditions. Many local dances and folk songs continue to survive among the various peoples of the province. As a longstanding province of Iran, Azarbaijan is mentioned favorably on many occasions in Persian literature by Iran's greatest authors and poets: Kelileh va Demneh Persian manuscript copy dated 1429, from Herat, depicts the Jackal trying to lead the Lion astray. ... A Meeting of Some Iranian Poets: (L to R) Morteza Keyvan, Ahmad Shamlou, Nima Yooshij, Siavash Kasraie, and Hushang Ebtehaj. ...


گزیده هر چه در ایران بزرگان
زآذربایگان و ری و گرگان


All the nobles and greats of Iran,
Choose from Azarbaijan, Ray, and Gorgan.
--Vis o Ramin Ray, is one of the oldest cities of Iran. ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Gorgan Gorgan (Persian: گرگان, Land of the Wolf) is the capital city of the Iranian province of Golestan. ... Vis O Ramin is an ancient love story in Persian Literature. ...


از آنجا بتدبیر آزادگان
بیامد سوی آذرآبادگان


From there the wise and the free,
set off to Azarbaijan
--Nizami External links The Legend of Leyli and Majnun Nizami, Jamal al-Din Ilyas. ...


بیک ماه در آذرآبادگان
ببودند شاهان و آزادگان


For a month's time, The Kings and The Free,
Would choose in Azarbaijan to be
--Ferdowsi Ferdowsi Tousi (فردوسی طوسی in Persian) (more commonly transliterated Firdausi, Ferdosi or Ferdusi) (935–1020) is considered to be one of the greatest Persian poets to have ever lived. ...


Notables of East Azarbaijan

Abu Mansur Qatran Adudi ( 1009 - 1072) was a royal Persian poet. ... Ahmad Kasravi Tabrizi (b. ... Samad Behrangi (صمد بهرنگی) (July?, 1939 – 1967) was an Azeri Iranian writer. ... A picture of Sattar Khan. ... Gayk Bzhishkyan (February 6 (February 18 (O.S.)), 1887– December 11, 1937) was a Soviet military commander of the Russian Civil War and Polish-Soviet War. ... Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (born on 23 April 1942 in Tabriz, Iran), is an analytic philosopher of medicine. ... Parvin Etesami is one of Irans greatest poetesses. ... Ali Daei (Persian: , born March 21, 1969 in Ardabil, Iran) is a retired Iranian football player who currently is manager of Saipa F.C. in Irans Premier Football League. ... Karim Bagheri(کريم باقري in Persian) (born February 24, 1974 in Tabriz, Iran) is a professional soccer attacking midfielder. ... Iraj Mirza was also active in politics. ... Maqsud Ali Tabrizi was a 17th century Persian physician from Tabriz. ... Ivan Alexander Galamian (January 23, 1903–April 14, 1981) was one of the most influential violin teachers of the Twentieth Century. ... Roshdieh schools building in Tabriz, Artesh Ave. ... For the missionary, see Shams Tabraiz (missionary). ... Vartan Gregorian is a distinguished Iranian-American academic. ... The Carnegie Corporation was founded by the will of Andrew Carnegie in 1911 to promote the advancement and diffusion of knowledge and understanding. ... Ali Soheili in royal court uniform Ali Soheili (1896 – 1958) was a Prime Minister of Iran. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Ibrahim Hakimi (1871 – October 19, 1959) was a Prime Minister of Iran. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Jam was one of the more successful of the Iranian Primiers Mahmud Jam (1880 – 1969) was a Prime Minister of Iran. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Behjat-Tabrizi (Persian: سید محمدحسین بهجت تبریزی)‎ (1906-September 18, 1988), chiefly known by his pen name as Shahriar (or Shahryar / Shahriyar شهریار), was an Iranian Azeri poet, writing in Persian and Azerbaijani. ... Abu Mansur Ali ibn Ahmad Asadi Tusi (born: Tus, Iranian province of Khorasan - died: 1072 Tabriz, Iran) is arguably the second most important Persian poet of Iranian national epics, after Ferdowsi who also happens to come from the same town of Tus. ...

East Azarbaijan today

East Azarbaijan province is an industrial centre of Iran. East Azarbaijan province has over 5000 manufacturing units, of which at least 800 are industrial (6% percent of national total). The value of product from these units in 1997 totalled US$374 million (373 billion rials = 4.07% of the national total). Total investments were valued at US$2.7 billion (2.4513 trillion rials) in 1997.[1]


Some of the major industries include Azerr glass industries, Maraqeh paper manufacturing, Ahar Sungun copper and nepheline syenite, the Tabriz Oil Refinery and Petrochemical Complex, Tabriz Tractor Manufacturing Co., Azarbaijan steel, foundry and auto-part manufacturing, food industries, leather and shoe industries, and the Tabriz Machine Manufacturing Co. ...


Tabriz also has an excellent position in the handicraft industry of Iran, having a large share in the exports of the province. Tabriz carpets are widely known around the world and in international markets for their vibrant designs and colors. Without exaggeration, Iranian rugs owe their fame to the creative minds of the designers and the deft hands of the carpet weavers of East Azarbaijan.


At present there are about 66,000 carpet production units in the province, employing some 200,000 people. The annual production of these carpets is roughly 792,000 m², which comprises more than 70% of Iran's carpet exports. 35% of all Iranian carpets are produced in East Azarbaijan.


East Azarbaijan province is also one of the richest regions of Iran in natural minerals, with 180 mines in 1997, of which 121 units are currently in operation, and the rest are being planned.


UNESCO has two Biosphere reserves in East Azarbaijan province. One in Lake Urmia and the other at Arasbaran. UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Lake Urmia (Persian: دریاچه ارومیه) is a salt lake in northwestern Iran between the provinces of East Azarbaijan and West Azarbaijan, west of the southern portion of the similarly shaped Caspian Sea. ...


Colleges and universities

East Azarbaijan also has some of Iran's best technical universities. The full list of major institutions are:

  1. Sahand University of Technology(WebSite)
  2. Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
  3. University of Tabriz (website)
  4. Azarbaijan University of Tarbiat Moallem, Tabriz
  5. Tabriz Islamic Arts University
  6. University of Maragheh
  7. Faculty of Engineering and Technology,Bonab
  8. Faculty of Engineering and Technology,Mianeh
  9. Faculty of Engineering and Technology,Marand
  10. Payameh noor University of Tabriz
  11. Payameh noor University of Maragheh
  12. Payameh noor University of Bonab
  13. Payameh noor University of Marand
  14. Payameh noor University of Mianeh
  15. Payameh noor University of Shabestar
  16. Payameh noor University of Azarshahr
  17. Payameh noor University of Oskou
  18. Payameh noor University of Ahar
  19. Payameh noor University of hashtrood
  20. Payameh noor University of Malekan
  21. Islamic Azad University of Bonab
  22. Islamic Azad University of Tabriz
  23. Islamic Azad University of Shabestar
  24. Islamic Azad University of Maragheh
  25. Islamic Azad University of Miyaneh
  26. Islamic Azad University of Ahar
  27. Islamic Azad University of Malekan
  28. Islamic Azad University of Hashtrood
  29. Islamic Azad University of Azarshahr
  30. Islamic Azad University of Marand
  31. University College of Seraj, Tabriz
  32. University College of Rabe Rashidi, Tabriz
  33. University College of Nabi Akram , Tabriz

Sahand University of Technology (دانشگاه صنعتي سهند) is a research institution and university of engineering and science in Iran (Persia), offering both undergraduate and postgraduate studies. ... Tabriz University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) is public medical school located in Tabriz, East Azarbaijan Province, Iran. ... Tabriz Universitys tower. ...

See also

Azerbaijan or Azarbaijan (Persian: آذربایجان; Āzarbāijān; Azerbaijani: آذربایجان , Kurdish: Azirbaycan/Adirbaycan), also Iranian Azerbaijan, Iranian Azarbaijan, Persian Azerbaijan or Persian Azarbaijan (Persian: آذربایجان ایران; Āzarbāijān-e Irān), is a region in northwestern Iran. ...

References

  1. ^ Decree of the CC CPSU Politburo to Mir Bagirov, CC Secretary of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, on "measures to Organize a Separatist Movement in Southern Azerbaijan and Other Provinces of Northern Iran". Translation provided by The Cold War International History Project at The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.
  2. ^ See also Ahmad Kasravi, Azari or The Ancient Language of Azarbaijan (Āzari yā Zabān-e Bāstān-e Āzar'bāi'jān), in Persian, third edition (Tehran, 1325 AH/1946). This text can be downloaded free of charge from the bibliography section (Ketāb Shenāsi) of: Ahmad Kasravi, 1891-1946.

The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (or Wilson Center) was established as part of the Smithsonian Institution by act of Congress in 1968. ... Ahmad Kasravi Tabrizi (b. ... This article is in need of attention. ...

External links

  • Official website of East Azarbaijan Governorship
  • Cultural Heritage Organization of East Azarbaijan
  • The Union for Handwoven Carpets of East Azarbaijan
  • Recent Photos from Azarbaijan
  • Arasbaran UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
  • Lake Urmia UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
  • East Azerbaijan Research Park net portal
  • Azerbaijan entries in the Encyclopædia Iranica
  • Bahram Moshiri's brief talk on Azarbaijan. [2]

This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Sources

[1]: According to the information released by the office of the provincial governor, linked above.

Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... Sheikh Safis Tomb Ardabīl (Persian: اردبیل; also known as: Ardebil; ancient name: Artavil) is one of 28 provinces of Iran. ... Bushehr (Persian:استان بوشهر) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari (Persian: چهارمحال و بختیاری) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Eşfahān province (Persian: استان اصفهان (Ostan-e Esfahan); also transliterated as Isfahan, Esfahan, Espahan, Sepahan or Isphahan) is one of the 28 provinces of Iran. ... Fārs (Persian: فارس) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Gīlān (Persian: گیلان, ) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran, known during ancient times as part of Hyrcania. ... Golestān (Persian: گلستان) is one of the 28 provinces of Iran. ... Hamadān or Hamedan is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Hormozgān is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Īlām, also Elam (ایلام), is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Kermān is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Kermanshah (Persian: كرمانشاه; Kurdish: Kirmaşan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ... Kohgiluyeh and Buyer Ahmad (Persian: کهگیلویه و بویراحمد) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Map showing Iranian province of Kurdistan. ... Lorestān (Persian and Luri لرستان; also Luristan) comprises a province and a historic territory of western Iran amidst the Zagros Mountains. ... The Congregation Mosque of Narāgh. ... Mazandaran (See other names[3]) is a Caspian province in the north of Iran, Located on the Southern coast of Caspian Sea, it is bordered clockwise by Golestan, Semnan and Tehran provinces (All forming Greater Mazandaran, Each separated from Mazandaran respectively in 1997, 1976 and 1960 [4]). Province also lies... North Khorasan (in Persian: خراسان شمالی) is a province located in northeastern Iran. ... Qazvīn is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... The Grand Timcheh of Qoms Bazaar. ... Khorasan (in Persian: خراسان) is a province located in northeastern Iran. ... Semnān is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Sistān o Balūchestān is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... South Khorasan (Persian: خراسان جنوبی) is a province located in eastern Iran. ... Tehran province has been the seat of Irans capital, Tehran, since 1778. ... This article is about the Iranian province; for similar uses, see Azerbaijan (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Zanjan (زنجان in Persian) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Image File history File links Iran_tricolour. ...

 
 

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