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Encyclopedia > East African Community
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East African Community
(EAC)
Flag of East African Community Coat of arms of East African Community
Anthem
To Be Determined
Location of East African Community
Headquarters Arusha, Tanzania
Membership 5 East African states
Leaders
 -  Secretary General Juma Mwapachu
Area
 -  Total 1,817,945 km² 
 sq mi 
Population
 -   estimate 124,858,568 
 -  Density 55 /km² 
 /sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
 -  Total US$ 104.2 billion 
 -  Per capita US$ 1,065 
GDP (nominal) 2005 estimate
 -  Total US$ ? 
 -  Per capita US$ ? 
HDI   ? (medium) (?)
Currency Kenyan shilling (KES)1 
Tanzanian shilling (TZS)1 
Ugandan shilling (UGX)1
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Website
http://www.eac.int/
1 To be replaced by the East African shilling in 2009.

The East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organisation with plans to form a country called East African Federation [1] with one President by 2010[2] ruling over what were countries of Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda. Currently, members of EAC are Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi, and Rwanda [3]. While the general publics in Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi are largely in favour of the East African Federation[4], in Tanzania an overwhelming majority (80%) of the population rejected the EAC in a referendum[5]. Tanzania has more land more than Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi combined and some Tanzanians fear landgrabs by the current residents of Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya and Uganda.[6][7][8] Land scarcity is a recurring issue in East Africa, particularly in Kenya, where clashes on the Kenyan side of Mount Elgon in 2007 left more than 150 dead and forced at least 60,000 from their homes.[9] The first major step in establishing the East African Federation is customs union in East Africa signed in March 2004 and commenced on 1 January 2005. Under the terms of the treaty, Kenya, the region's largest exporter, will continue to pay duties on its goods entering the other four countries until 2010, based on a declining scale. A common system of tariffs will apply to goods imported from third-party countries. Image File history File links Current_event_marker. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... An anthem is a composition to an English religious text sung in the context of an Anglican service. ... Image File history File links Description: Map of African Countries of EAC Beschreibung: Karte von afrikanischen Ländern der EAC old image originally from Wikimedia Commons Image:BlankMap-Africa. ... Arusha with a view of Mount Meru This article refers to the city of Arusha. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... A large number of international organizations and other bodies have a secretary general or secretary-general as their chief administrative officers or in other administrative capacities. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different surface areas, here is a list of areas between 1 million km² and 10 million km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Gross domestic product (by purchasing power parity) in 2006 The Purchasing power parity (PPP) theory was developed by Gustav Cassel in 1920. ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2004). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Coloured world map indicating Human Development Index (2006) (colour-blind compliant map) This is a list of countries by Human Development Index as included in the United Nations Development Programmes Human Development Report 2006, compiled on the basis of 2004 data. ... ISO 4217 Code KES User(s) Kenya Inflation 10. ... The current curency used in Tanzania, althought the wide spread use of U.S. Dollars is accepted. ... The Ugandan shilling is the currency of Uganda. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Africa: Striped colours indicate countries observing daylight saving East Africa Time, or EAT, is a time zone used in eastern Africa. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ... The East African Shilling is the proposed name for the common currency the East African Community plans to introduce by 2009. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... East African Federation East African Federation is the name of the proposed African federation of the five member states of the East African Community — Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda — into a single state, which is supposed to take place before 2020. ... East African Federation East African Federation is the name of the proposed African federation of the five member states of the East African Community — Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda — into a single state, which is supposed to take place before 2020. ... Mount Elgon is an extinct volcano on the border of Uganda and Kenya. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... A customs union is a free trade area with a Common External Tariff. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The EAC was originally founded in 1967, but collapsed in 1977, causing celebrations and wine-toasting in Kenya.[10] It was officially revived on 7 July 2000.[11]


EAC is one of the pillars of the African Economic Community.  members of AEC pillar blocs  states signatories to the AEC Treaty, but not participating in any of the pillars The member states of the African Union are mounting efforts to collaborate economically, but they are impeded by the civil wars raging in several parts of Africa. ...

Contents

Members

The East African region covers an area of 1.8 million square kilometres with a combined population of about 100 million (July 2005 est.) and has significant natural resources. Kenya and Tanzania have had relatively peaceful histories since achieving independence, in contrast to the wars and civil strife that occurred in Rwanda, Burundi, and Uganda. Today East Africa seeks to maintain stability and prosperity in the midst of ongoing conflicts in the D.R. Congo, the Horn of Africa, and southern Sudan. The two most prevalent languages of East Africa are Swahili and English. Image File history File links Flag_of_Kenya. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uganda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tanzania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burundi. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Rwanda. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Motto Justice – Paix – Travail(French) Justice – Peace – Work Anthem Debout Congolais Capital (and largest city) Kinshasaa Official languages French Government Semi-Presidential Republic  -  President Joseph Kabila  -  Prime Minister Antoine Gizenga Independence  -  from Belgium June 30, 1960  Area  -  Total 2,344,858 km² (12th) 905,351 sq mi   -  Water (%) 3. ... The Horn of Africa. ... Southern Sudan is a region of Sudan. ... Swahili (also called Kiswahili; see below for derivation) is a Bantu language. ... Look up English, english in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


History

From left to right, President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, President Mwai Kibaki of Kenya and President Jakaya Kikwete of Tanzania during the 8th EAC summit in Arusha, November 2006
From left to right, President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, President Mwai Kibaki of Kenya and President Jakaya Kikwete of Tanzania during the 8th EAC summit in Arusha, November 2006

Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda have had a history of co-operation dating back to the early 20th century, incuding the Customs Union between Kenya and Uganda in 1917, which the then Tanganyika joined in 1927, the East African High Commission (1948-1961), the East African Common Services Organisation (1961-1967) and the East African Community (1967-1977).[12] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 798 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 769 pixel, file size: 393 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 798 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 769 pixel, file size: 393 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (born c. ... Mwai Kibaki (born November 15, 1931) is Kenyas third president, an economist, and a political leader. ... Colonel Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete (born October 7, 1950) is a Tanzanian politician and Current President. ... Arusha with a view of Mount Meru This article refers to the city of Arusha. ... Flag of Tanganyika Tanganyika was an East African republic within the Commonwealth of Nations, named after Lake Tanganyika, which formed its western border. ...


In 1977, the East African Community collapsed after ten years due to demands by Kenya to have more seats than Uganda and Tanzania in decision-making organs[13], amid disagreements caused by dictatorship under Idi Amin in Uganda, socialism in Tanzania, and capitalism in Kenya,[14] and the three member states lost over sixty years of co-operation and the benefits of economies of scale. Each of the former member states had to embark, at great expense and at lower efficiency, upon the establishment of services and industries that had previously been provided at the Community level.[citation needed] Idi Amin Dada (mid-1920s[1]–16 August 2003) was an army officer and president of Uganda. ...


The EAC made such political and economic sense that it was inevitable that its revival would be touted once the political climate in the region stabilised.[citation needed] It was no surprise, therefore, when Presidents Moi of Kenya, Mwinyi of Tanzania, and Museveni of Uganda signed the Treaty for East African Co-operation in Arusha, Tanzania, on November 30, 1993, and established a Tri-partite Commission for Co-operation. A process of re-integration was embarked on involving tripartite programmes of co-operation in political, economic, social and cultural fields, research and technology, defence, security, legal and judicial affairs. Daniel Toroitich arap Moi (born September 2, 1924) was the President of Kenya from 1978 until 2002. ... Ali Hassan Mwinyi (born May 8, 1925, on the island of Zanzibar) was the president of the United Republic of Tanzania from 1985 to 1995. ... Museveni on a visit to Washington Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (born 1944) has been the President of Uganda since 1986. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


The East African Community was finally revived on 30 November 1999, when the Treaty for its re-establishment was signed. It came into force on 7 July 2000, twenty-three years after the total collapse of the defunct erstwhile Community and its organs. is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Future plans

The new treaty may be fasttracked, with plans drawn up in 2004 to introduce a monetary union with a common currency, the East African shilling, by 2009. There are also plans for a common market and a political union, the East African Federation, with a common President (initially on a rotation basis) and a common parliament by 2010. However, some experts like those based out of the public think tank Kenya Institute of Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA), have noted that the plans are too ambitious to be met by 2010 because a number of political, social and economic challenges are yet to be addressed. The fast tracking is currently the subject of National Consultative discussions, and a final decision will be taken by the EAC Heads of State in mid-2007. [15]. In economics, a monetary union is a situation where several countries have agreed to share a single currency (also known as a unitary or common currency) among them, for example, the East Caribbean dollar. ... The East African Shilling is the proposed name for the common currency the East African Community plans to introduce by 2009. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... A Political Union is a type of state which is composed of smaller states. ... East African Federation East African Federation is the name of the proposed African federation of the five member states of the East African Community — Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda — into a single state, which is supposed to take place before 2020. ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Single Tourist Visa

It had been hoped that an East African Single Tourist Visa may have been ready for November 2006, if it was approved by the relevant sectoral authorities under the EAC's integration programme. If approved the visa will be valid for all three current member states of the EAC (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda). Under the proposal for the visa, any new East African single visa can be issued by any member state's embassy. The visa proposal followed an appeal by the tourist boards of the partner states for a common visa to accelerate promotion of the region as a single tourist destination and the EAC Secretariat wanted it approved before November's World Travel Fair (or World Travel Market) in London[16]. When approved by the East African council of ministers, tourists could apply for one country's entry visa which would then be applicable in all regional member states as a single entry requirement initiative[17].


East African Court of Justice

The East African Court of Justice is the judicial arm of the Community. The court has original jurisdiction over the interpretation and application of the 1999 Treaty that re-established the EAC and in the future may have other original, appellate, human rights or other jurisdiction upon conclusion of a protocol to realise such extended jurisdiction. It is temporarily based in Arusha, Tanzania. The East African Court of Justice is a treaty based judicial body to ensure adherence to law in the interpretation and application of and compliance with the East African Treaty of 1999. ...


East African Legislative Assembly

The East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) is the legislative arm of the Community. The EALA has 27 members who are all elected by the National Assemblies of the member states of the Community. The EALA has oversight functions on all matters that fall within the Community’s work and its functions include debating and approving the budget of the Community, discussing all matters pertaining to the Community and making recommendations to the Council as it may deem necessary for the implementation of the Treaty, liasing with National Assemblies on matters petaining to the Community and establishing committees for such purposes as it deems necessary. Since being inaugurated in 2001, the EALA has had several sittings as a plenum in Arusha, Kampala and Nairobi. // The East African Legislative Assemblyis a sub organ of the larger East African Community, being the Legislative arm of the Community. ... Plenum may refer to: the antithesis of a vacuum; in other words, completely filled space. ...


East African passport

Rwandan president Paul Kagame at the 2006 EAC summit. Rwanda will join the EAC on 1 July 2007
Rwandan president Paul Kagame at the 2006 EAC summit. Rwanda will join the EAC on 1 July 2007

The East African passport was officially launched on 1 April 1999.[18] The East African passport has been introduced as a travel document to ease border crossing for East Africans.[19] [20] It is valid for travel within the EAC countries only and will entitle the holder to a multi entry stay of renewable six months’ validity in any of the countries.[19] The passport is issued in all three EAC member states (Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania). The passports are available at the Headquarters of the respective Immigration Departments in Nairobi, Kampala and Dar es Salaam. Only East African nationals may apply to be issued with the passports.[19] [20] The passport costs US$10 or the equivalent in EAC currencies.[20] Processing of applications for the passports will normally take two to three weeks. Although the passport is only valid within the EAC, modalities of internationalizing the East African passport were being discussed with the aim towards having a common travel document for East Africans by 2006.[19] Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Paul Kagame (born October 23, 1957) is the current President of Rwanda and the founder of the Rwandan Patriotic Front. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... Nairobi (pronounced ) is the capital and largest city of Kenya. ... Kampala is the capital city of Uganda. ... Dar es Salaam (دار السلام), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city (pop. ...


Other measures meant to ease border crossing for East Africans include: the issuance of inter-state passes (which commenced on 1st July 2003); a single immigration Departure/Entry card (adopted by the all 3 member states); the finalization of harmonized procedures of work permits and the classification process; and the compilation of studies on the Harmonization of Labour Laws and Employment Policies (now in its final stages).[19]


Comparison with other regional blocs

African Economic Community
Pillars
regional
blocs (REC)
Area (km²) Population GDP (PPP) ($US) Member
states
in millions per capita
AEC 29,910,442 853,520,010 2,053,706 2,406 53
ECOWAS 5,112,903 251,646,263 342,519 1,361 15
ECCAS 6,667,421 121,245,958 175,928 1,451 11
SADC 9,882,959 233,944,179 737,335 3,152 14
EAC 1,817,945 124,858,568 104,239 1,065 5
COMESA 12,873,957 406,102,471 735,599 1,811 20
IGAD 5,233,604 187,969,775 225,049 1,197 7
Western
Sahara
3
266,000 273,008  ?  ? N/A 4
Other
African
blocs
Area (km²) Population GDP (PPP) ($US) Member
states
in millions per capita
CEMAC 1 3,020,142 34,970,529 85,136 2,435 6
SACU 1 2,693,418 51,055,878 541,433 10,605 5
UEMOA 1 3,505,375 80,865,222 101,640 1,257 8
UMA 2 5,782,140 84,185,073 491,276 5,836 5
Agadir 1,703,910 126,066,286 513,674 4,075 4
1 Economic bloc inside a pillar REC

2 Proposed for pillar REC, but objecting participation
3 The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) is a
signatory to the AEC, but not participating in any bloc yet

4 Majority under military occupation by Morocco; some
territory
administered by the SADR

     smallest value among the blocs compared      largest value among the blocs compared During 2004. Source: CIA World Factbook 2005, IMF WEO Database  members of AEC pillar blocs  states signatories to the AEC Treaty, but not participating in any of the pillars The member states of the African Union are mounting efforts to collaborate economically, but they are impeded by the civil wars raging in several parts of Africa. ...  members of AEC pillar blocs  states signatories to the AEC Treaty, but not participating in any of the pillars The member states of the African Union are mounting efforts to collaborate economically, but they are impeded by the civil wars raging in several parts of Africa. ... The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is a regional group of fifteen countries, founded on May 28, 1975 when fifteen West African countries signed the Treaty of Lagos. ... The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), in French Communauté Économique des États dAfrique Centrale (CEEAC), is a organisation for promotion of regional economic co-operation in Central Africa. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, is a preferential trading area with twenty member states stretching from Libya to Zimbabwe. ... The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is a seven-country regional development organization in Eastern Africa. ... Economy - overview: Western Sahara, a territory poor in natural resources and lacking sufficient rainfall, depends on pastoral nomadism, fishing, and phosphate mining as the principal sources of income for the population. ... States of CEMAC The Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (or CEMAC from its name in French, Communauté Économique et Monétaire de lAfrique Centrale) is an organization of states of Central Africa established to promote economic integration among countries that share a common currency, the CFA franc. ... States of SACU // Origins The Southern African Customs Union (SACU) came into existence on December 11, 1969 with the signature of the Customs Union Agreement between South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland. ... States of UEMOA The West African Economic and Monetary Union (or UEMOA from its name in French, Union économique et monétaire ouest-africaine) is an organization of states of West Africa established to promote economic integration among countries that share a common currency, the CFA franc. ... The Arab Maghreb Union is a Pan-Arab trade agreement aiming for economic and political unity in northern Africa. ... Map of the Agadir Agreement Members It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Barcelona Conference. ... Motto: حرية ديمقراطية وحدة (Arabic) Liberty, Democracy, Unity Anthem: Yābaniy Es-Saharā  listen This map indicates the territory claimed by the SADR, viz. ... The Moroccan name for Western Sahara. ... Belligerent military occupation occurs when the control and authority over a territory belonging to a state passes to a hostile army. ... The Free Zone is in yellow on the map. ... The World Factbook 2007 (government edtion) cover. ...

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Most active regional blocs
as of 2004
Regional bloc1 Area (km²) Population GDP (PPP) ($US) Member
states1
in millions per capita
Agadir 1,703,910 126,066,286 513,674 4,075 4
AU 29,797,500 897,548,804 1,515,000 1,896 53
ASEAN 4,400,000 553,900,000 2,172,000 4,044 10
CACM 422,614 37,816,598 159,536 4,219 5
CARICOM 462,344 14,565,083 64,219 4,409 (14+1)3
CCASG / GCC 2,285,844 35,869,438 536,223 14,949 6
CEFTA 298,148 28,929,682 222,041 7,675 (7+1)3
EU 4,325,675 496,198,605 12,025,415 24,235 27
EurAsEC 20,789,100 208,067,618 1,689,137 8,118 6
EFTA 529,600 12,233,467 471,547 38,546 4
GUAM 810,506 63,764,600 456,173 7,154 4
NAFTA 21,588,638 430,495,039 15,279,000 35,491 3
PARTA 528,151 7,810,905 23,074 2,954 (14+2)3
SAARC 5,136,740 1,467,255,669 4,074,031 2,777 8
Unasur / Unasul 17,339,153 370,158,470 2,868,430 7,749 12
UN and countries
for reference2
Area (km²) Population GDP (PPP) ($US) Units4
in millions per capita
UN 133,178,011 6,411,682,270 55,167,630 8,604 192
Brazil 8,514,877 188,078,261 1,594,482 9,108 27
Canada 9,984,670 32,507,874 1,165,000 35,200 13
India 3,287,590 1,102,600,000 4,042,000 3,700 35
Japan 377,873 128,085,000 4,220,000 33,100 47
PR China5 9,596,960 1,306,847,624 10,000,000 7,600 33
Russia 17,075,200 143,782,338 1,723,000 12,100 89
USA 9,631,418 300,000,000 12,980,000 43,500 50
Source: CIA World Factbook 2005, IMF WEO Database.
Legend
     smallest value among the blocs compared     largest value among the blocs compared

Footnotes
1 Including data only for full and most active members.
2 Including the largest five countries by area, population and GDP (PPP), but not #4 in population or #5 in GDP (PPP).
3 Including non-sovereign autonomous areas of other states.
4 Members or administrative divisions.
5 Data for the People's Republic of China does not include Hong Kong, Macau, or regions administered
   by
the Republic of China (Taiwan).
A trade bloc is a large free trade area or free trade area formed by one or more tax, tariff and trade agreements. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Map of the Agadir Agreement Members It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Barcelona Conference. ... Anthem Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together [1] Administrative Centre Largest city Cairo, Egypt Working languages Arabic English French Portuguese Spanish(Eq. ... Hymn The ASEAN Hymn Jakarta, Indonesia Membership 10 Southeast Asian states Leaders  -  Secretary General Ong Keng Yong Area  -  Total 4,465,5001 km²   sq mi  Population  -   estimate 566. ... The Central American Common Market (abbreviated CACM - in Spanish: Mercado Común Centroamericano, abbreviated MCCA) is an economic trade organization between five nations of Central America. ... Map showing CARICOM members, associates and observers Seat of Secretariat Georgetown, Guyana Official languages English4 Membership  15 full members1  5 associate members2  7 observers3 Leaders  -  Secretary-General Edwin W. Carrington (since 1992)  -  CARICOM Heads of Government   Establishment  -  August 1, 1973  Website http://www. ... It has been suggested that GCC - Gulf Cooperation Council be merged into this article or section. ... Map of Europe indicating current CEFTA members Type Trade agreement Member states 7 Balkan states, Kosovo Establishment  -  Signed 21 December 1992  Area  -  Total 298. ... Flag of EurAsEC The Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC or EAEC) was put into motion on 10 October 2000 when Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan signed the treaty. ... The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) was established on May 3, 1960 as an alternative for European states that were not allowed or did not wish to join the European Community (now the European Union). ... Secretariats Mexico City, Ottawa and Washington, D.C. Official languages English, French and Spanish Membership Canada, Mexico and the United States Establishment  -  Formation 1 January 1994  Website http://www. ... The Pacific Islands Forum is an inter-governmental consultative organ which aims to enhance cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean and represent their interests. ...  Afghanistan  Bangladesh  Bhutan  India  Maldives  Nepal  Pakistan  Sri Lanka Headquarters Kathmandu, Nepal Statistics Area  - Total 7th if ranked 5,130,746 km² Population  - Total (2004)  - Density 1st if ranked 1,467,255,669 285. ... Pro Tempore Secretariat Brasília Official languages 4 Spanish Portuguese English Dutch Member states 12 Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Guyana Paraguay Peru Suriname Uruguay Venezuela Leaders  -  President Rodrigo Borja  -  Tempore Secretary Jorge Taunay Filho Formation  -  Cuzco Declaration 8 December 2004  Area  -  Total 17,715,335 km² (1st2)  sq... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... The World Factbook 2007 (government edtion) cover. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... A trade bloc is a large free trade area or free trade area formed by one or more tax, tariff and trade agreements. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (e. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of islands under the Republic of China administration (all claimed by the Peoples Republic of China). ... Anthem National Anthem of the Republic of China Capital (and largest city) Taipei1 Official languages Standard Mandarin (GuóyÇ”), Taiwanese, Aborigine Government Semi-presidential system  -  President Chen Shui-bian  -  Vice President Annette Lu  -  Premier Chang Chun-hsiung Establishment Xinhai Revolution   -  Independence declared October 10, 1911   -  Republic established January 1, 1912...

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References

  1. ^ http://www.ms.dk/sw22171.asp
  2. ^ One president for EA by 2010
  3. ^ [Joint Communiqué of the 8th Summmit of EAC Heads of State]
  4. ^ http://english.people.com.cn/world.html
  5. ^ http://allafrica.com/stories/200704290112.html
  6. ^ EAC federation fears justified? Tanzania's Daily News On Saturday; Saturday,May 05, 2007
  7. ^ Kenya: Tears for Mt Elgon as Schools Re-Open
  8. ^ Sabiny Demand Land as Karamajong Raid Reduce
  9. ^ AlertNet Kenya land clashes kill 60, displace thousands
  10. ^ We Celebrated at EAC Collapse, Says Njonjo.
  11. ^ http://www.eac.int/history.htm
  12. ^ From Co-operation to Community (eac.int)
  13. ^ http://www.ms.dk/sw22171.asp
  14. ^ East African trade zone off to creaky start, Christian Science Monitor, March 09, 2006
  15. ^ *Sunday Nation(Business Sunday) - Jan 7th, 2007
  16. ^ Single East African visa for tourists coming in November
  17. ^ East Africa geared for single tourist entry visa program
  18. ^ East African Community (EAC)
  19. ^ a b c d e EAC News...
  20. ^ a b c Travelling in East Africa

See also

The East African Community Treaty was signed on November 30, 1999 in Arusha, Tanzania between President Toroitich Arap Moi of Kenya, President Yoweri Kaguat Museveni of Uganda and President Benjamin William Mkapa of Tanzania. ... The economy of Africa consists of the trade, industry, and resources of the peoples of Africa. ... This is a list of trade-related international organisations only. ... The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is a seven-country regional development organization in Eastern Africa. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, is a preferential trading area with twenty member states stretching from Libya to Zimbabwe. ... The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), in French Communauté Économique des États dAfrique Centrale (CEEAC), is a organisation for promotion of regional economic co-operation in Central Africa. ...

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