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Encyclopedia > EarthLink
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EarthLink Inc.
Type Public (NASDAQELNK)
Founded 1994
Headquarters Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Key people Sky Dayton, Kevin M Dotts, Rolla Huff
Products ISP
Revenue $1.301 billion (2006) USD
Employees 2,210 (2006) industry = Internet & Communications

EarthLink (NASDAQELNK), is an Internet service provider headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. It claims 5.4 million members (2004 estimate). Image File history File links Derived from public domain images featured at: http://commons. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... EarthLink logo, deeming fair use This work is copyrighted. ... A public company usually refers to a company which is permitted to offer its securities (stock, bonds, etc. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... Hotlanta redirects here. ... Sky Dylan Dayton (born 8 August 1971) is an American entrepreneur. ... “ISP” redirects here. ... Revenue is a U.S. business term for the amount of money that a company earns from its activities in a given period, mostly from sales of products and/or services to customers. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... “ISP” redirects here. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ...

Contents

Business

Part of the EarthLink World Headquarters in Atlanta.
Part of the EarthLink World Headquarters in Atlanta.

EarthLink provides a variety of Internet connection types, including dial-up, DSL, satellite, and cable. EarthLink also offers different types of Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) phone services. One type provides both DSL and home voice service which makes VOIP service practical for DSL users. The support section of the EarthLink Web site has detailed instructions for configuring Windows and Mac OS to access the company's network, either with the EarthLink software or with those operating systems' standard networking features. Linux is not listed on EarthLink's support pages. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1944x2592, 730 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1944x2592, 730 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... In telecommunication, the term dial-up has the following meanings: Dial-up access, typically to the Internet A service feature in which a user initiates service on a previously arranged trunk or transfers, without human intervention, from an active trunk to a standby trunk. ... DSL may refer to: Damn Small Linux Dark and Shattered Lands, a MUD based loosely on Forgotten Realms and Dragonlance books. ... Satellite Internet services are used in locations where terrestrial Internet access is not available and in locations which move frequently. ... Motorola Surfboard cable modem A cable modem is a type of modem that provides access to a data signal sent over the cable television infrastructure. ... IP Telephony, also called Internet telephony, is the technology that makes it possible to have a telephone conversation over the Internet or a dedicated Internet Protocol (IP) network instead of dedicated voice transmission lines. ... Microsoft Windows is the name of several families of proprietary software operating systems by Microsoft. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Linux (IPA pronunciation: ) is a Unix-like computer operating system. ...


In addition to selling the company's various Internet connections online and by phone, EarthLink operates retail kiosks in all Fry's Electronics stores, manned by two to five representatives directly employed by EarthLink, rather than Fry's. For signing up in-store, EarthLink offers customers special promotions not available elsewhere (including cash back and extended discounts). Services sold at the kiosks include PeoplePC dial-up, PeoplePC Accelerated dial-up, EarthLink Accelerated dial-up, EarthLink High Speed (including Cable, DSL, and Satellite), and EarthLink Wireless's AirCard, which provides Internet service over digital cellular signals across the United States. EarthLink provides the large majority of its users with free anti-virus software (Windows 2000 & XP only). Frys Electronics is a specialty retailer of software, consumer electronics, computer hardware and household appliances with a chain of superstores headquartered in Silicon Valley. ... Sierra Wireless (NASDAQ: SWIR, TSX: SW) is a wireless communications equipment designer and manufacturer, founded in 1993 and currently headquartered in Richmond, BC, Canada. ...


History

EarthLink was founded in 1994 by Sky Dayton, supposedly after he spent an entire week trying to configure his own computer for Internet access. He then soon realized the market for user-friendly ISPs. Reed Slatkin was a Co-founder[1][2][3][4] of Earthlink. Sky Dylan Dayton (born 8 August 1971) is an American entrepreneur. ... Reed Slatkin is the perpetrator of the largest Ponzi scheme in the United States since that conducted by Ponzi himself. ...


From a modest beginning of ten modems, the company has grown to include more than 2,000 POP numbers in the US—and more than 40,000 internationally. A modem (from modulate and demodulate) is a device that modulates an analog carrier signal to encode digital information, and also demodulates such a carrier signal to decode the transmitted information. ... A point-of-presence (POP) is an artificial demarcation or interface point between communications entities. ...


On February 4, 2000, the company (then based in Pasadena, California) merged with Atlanta-founded MindSpring, making it the second-largest ISP in the U.S.— after AOL. is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... MindSpring logo MindSpring was a major Internet service provider which merged with EarthLink on February 4, 2000, with the company retaining the EarthLink name. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ...


On June 10, 2002, EarthLink acquired PeoplePC, a value-priced dial-up service that has more dial-up access numbers than any other ISP (including AOL). PeoplePC's direct competitors are NetZero and Netscape. PeoplePC Online login window. ... NetZero is an Internet Service Provider based in Woodland Hills, California. ... Netscape Communications Corporation (commonly known as Netscape), was an American computer services company, best known for its web browser. ...


In July 2005, EarthLink announced that it was closing the last of its in-house American call centers, though the company still has American call centers via out-source telecom companies. In the late 1990s, when all of EarthLink's technical support was provided through in-house call centers, the company promoted the knowledgeability of its agents specializing in its service, yet it continues to do so with its current staff. EarthLink cut 2,600 jobs in 2003 and 2004.[5] Although EarthLink has reduced its expenses from $283,357,000 in 2005 to $227,285,000 in 2003, their earnings are shrinking. In 2003, EarthLink reported an income of $1,401,930, but by 2005, it was only $1,290,072.[6]


In October 2006, EarthLink reported its first quarterly loss in more than 2-1/2 years, according to the Atlanta Journal Constitution. Revenue from dial-up customers dropped 16.8 percent as the company lost 320,001 of those customers from the previous year. The company predicts another loss in the fourth quarter of 2006 of $15-25 million due to investment in Helio.[7] The Atlanta Journal-Constitution is the only major daily newspaper in Atlanta, Georgia, USA and its suburbs. ... In telecommunication, the term dial-up has the following meanings: Dial-up access, typically to the Internet A service feature in which a user initiates service on a previously arranged trunk or transfers, without human intervention, from an active trunk to a standby trunk. ... Helio is a MVNO wireless mobile phone provider launched May 2, 2006. ...


EarthLink Free WiFi initiative in San Francisco

EarthLink is currently working with Philadelphia, San Francisco, Anaheim, and a number of other cities to deploy public Wi-Fi networks, and has teamed up with Google in an effort to bring such a network to San Fransisco. Nickname: Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: , Country United States Commonwealth Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Government  - Mayor John F. Street (D) Area  - City 369. ... Official Wi-Fi logo Wi-Fi was originally a brand licensed by the Wi-Fi Alliance to describe the embedded technology of wireless local area networks (WLAN) based on the IEEE 802. ...


Residents of San Francisco can have their say in the free Wi-Fi initiative by joining the online SF Free WiFi Community


EarthLink has jumped on citywide Wi-Fi as a way to compensate for the ongoing loss of dialup customers, and is hoping to use its strong brand identity and established customer base to gain an edge in this exciting new market. [8]


EarthLink and Scientology

It has been charged by some researchers of the controversial Church of Scientology that EarthLink is a front organization for Scientology. According to skeptictank.org: Scientology cross Symbol Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public groups Organization Controversy The Church of Scientology is the largest organisation devoted to the practice and the promotion of the Scientology belief system. ...

Numerous individuals who have worked for this cult front company in the past have come forward to describe the fact that EarthLink's help desk's employees are ordered to claim that Scientology doesn't own and run EarthLink.NET. (See comments by ex-employees of EarthLink.net on The Skeptic Tank's web site.) The fact is, the security of one's e-mail which flows through these two companies is highly suspect and users who subscribe to either of these services should consider very carefully the history of the Scientology crime syndicate.[9]

In March 1998, the weekly San Jose Metro ran an article called "Missing Links", examining the Scientology-EarthLink controversy: The San Jose Metro is a free weekly newspaper based in San Jose, California, that serves the greater San Francisco Bay Area. ...

Electronic free-speech advocates are concerned about the Scientology leanings of EarthLink founder Sky Dayton and the church's history of litigation over copyright infringements on the Net ... Dayton is a vocal follower of the Church of Scientology who in the early days surrounded himself with upper management and private financiers who were also Scientologists ... As the company has grown, EarthLink executives have tried to distance the company from its Scientology roots, and for good reason. Unlike other religions, Scientology has earned a reputation for dragging ISPs into court for alleged copyright violations committed by private subscribers, something which electronic-privacy advocates believe could erode free discourse on the Net.[10]

Dayton and his two financial backers are Scientologists. When this fact created controversy in the media, Dayton asserted that the idea that EarthLink was owned by the Church of Scientology was absurd, making the comparison, "It was like I'm Jewish, therefore EarthLink was owned by the state of Israel."[11]


Reed Slatkin

In 2002, when co-founder[1][2][3][4] Reed Slatkin's Ponzi scheme made headlines, EarthLink released a statement: Reed Slatkin is the perpetrator of the largest Ponzi scheme in the United States since that conducted by Ponzi himself. ... A Ponzi scheme is a fraudulent investment operation that involves paying abnormally high returns (profits) to investors out of the money paid in by subsequent investors, rather than from net revenues generated by any real business, named after Charles Ponzi. ...

"The legal proceedings concerning ex-Board member Reed Slatkin do not involve or impact EarthLink or EarthLink funds. The proceedings involve Mr. Slatkin and his personal clients." [1]

On November 8, 2006, the Associated Press reported that Slatkin would pay back 3.5 million dollars of illegally obtained funds: is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ...

"Three groups affiliated with the Church of Scientology have agreed to return $3.5 million they received from a pyramid scheme operated by Reed Slatkin, the disgraced co-founder of EarthLink Inc." [2]

SIPshare

EarthLink SIPshare is a Session Initiation Protocol-based file sharing network made by Clay Shirky and David Beckemeyer. The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is an application-layer control (signaling) protocol for creating, modifying, and terminating sessions with one or more participants. ... Clay Shirky is a writer, consultant and teacher on the social and economic effects of Internet technologies. ...


Helio

On January 26, 2005, EarthLink announced that it had formed an agreement with Korean cellphone service provider SK Telecom to jointly own and operate a new MVNO in the U.S. wireless marketplace. The name of this new company is Helio. The network was expected to commence operations sometime in spring 2006. Helio's business model revolves around providing advanced wireless devices not commonly seen for sale in the US market to technology-savvy consumers. G.Anvesh Chowdary 19:18, 16 January 2006 (UTC)===January 26, 2005=== Condoleezza Rice is confirmed in the U.S. Senate by a vote of 85-13 to become the first African-American woman to serve as U.S. Secretary of State. ... SK Telecom (hangul:SK텔레콤, 에스케이텔레콤) is a leading South Korean mobile telecommunication operator, controlled by the SK Group, one of the countrys largest chaebol. ... A Mobile Virtual Network Operator is a company that does not own a licensed frequency spectrum, but resells wireless services under their own brand name, using the network of another mobile phone operator. ... Helio is a MVNO wireless mobile phone provider launched May 2, 2006. ... Helio is a MVNO wireless mobile phone provider launched May 2, 2006. ...

Aluria Software
Type Wholly Owned Subsidiary of EarthLink, Inc
Founded 1999
Headquarters Maitland, Florida
Industry Computer Security
Products Internet Security Suite
Website http://www.aluriasoftware.com

In business, a subsidiary is a company controlled by another company or corporation. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida. ... This article describes how security can be achieved through design and engineering. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on a Web server, usually accessible via the Internet or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML, that is almost always accessible...

Aluria Software, LLC

Aluria Software, LLC was a privately held company founded in 1999 and based in Orlando, Florida. On August 22, 2005 EarthLink, Inc. announced an agreement to acquire Aluria Software's assets; thus making Aluria Software a division of EarthLink.[12] Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Aluria Software develops and markets security and protection products for consumers, small businesses, and enterprise customers. This article describes how security can be achieved through design and engineering. ...


Controversy

In August 2006 EarthLink teamed up with Yahoo and Barefruit to redirect web browser users accessing nonexistent domains to a page containing sponsored search results, ads, and a Yahoo search form. The DNS protocol requires that a query for a nonexistent domain must return the "NXDOMAIN" error response. Instead of this response, EarthLink's DNS servers return several IP addresses for the HTTP servers that implement their redirection service. While such redirection might be helpful to users of some web browsers, it breaks the functionality of many other Internet applications, which assume that the DNS is implemented according to the standard specifications. EarthLink's redirection also prevents the user's web browser from detecting NXDOMAIN errors and handling them according to the user's preference. Yahoo! - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Barefruit is an internet new media startup based in London, UK established in 2004. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... HTTP (for HyperText Transfer Protocol) is the primary method used to convey information on the World Wide Web. ...


Comments left in the official EarthLink blog announcing the feature [3] and news aggregators like Slashdot [4] have been overwhelmingly negative. In 2003, VeriSign implemented a similar feature called Site Finder for all .com and .net domains. VeriSign ultimately reversed the change after the ensuing controversy and under pressure from ICANN. While Site Finder affected all Internet users, EarthLink's redirection feature is only applicable to EarthLink ISP customers. In contrast with VeriSign's policy of not mentioning the effect of Site Finder on non-HTTP-based services, EarthLink says it is trying to minimize the impact on such uses of DNS, which is impossible since a DNS query doesn't contain any information that can be used by the DNS server to determine whether the addresses obtained from the query will be used for HTTP or other traffic. Slashdot, often abbreviated as /., is a science, science fiction, and technology-related news website owned by SourceForge, Inc. ... VeriSign, Inc. ... Site Finder was a wildcard DNS record for all . ... For dot-com companies, see dot-com company. ... .net (network) generic top-level domain (gTLD) used on the Internets Domain Name System. ... ICANN headquarters ICANN (IPA /aɪkæn/) is the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. ...


After about a month of complaints on the blog, EarthLink made available two DNS servers that it says are unaffected by the service and should properly return NXDOMAIN for all 'dead' domain names. [5] These must be manually configured on machines of customers who wish to use them. The company says it will not provide technical support for these alternate servers.


During 2005 and 2006 EarthLink began blacklisting email from a large number of smaller hosting companies to combat spam. In January 2007, Dreamhost, the world's 19th-ranked web hosting company, had been blocked for a number of weeks and said that its technicians were unable to get past EarthLink's lowest tier of technical support [6]. A DNSBL is a means by which an Internet site may publish a list of IP addresses that some people may want to avoid and in a format which can be easily queried by computer programs on the Internet. ... DreamHost is a Los Angeles-based web hosting provider and domain name registrar. ...


CEO Changes

On November 21, 2006, EarthLink reported in a press release that its CEO, Garry Betty, had been diagnosed with a serious form of cancer which would have required him to take an undetermined leave of absence. The company's Board of Directors named Mike Lunsford, Vice-President of Voice and Access, as interim CEO. Betty lost his battle with cancer and passed away on January 2, 2007.[13][14] On June 25, 2007, EarthLink named Rolla Huff its President and CEO. November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... A news release or press release is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... Charles Garrett Garry Betty (4 March 1957 â€“ 2 January 2007) was President and CEO of EarthLink, a large American Internet service provider, from 1996 until his death. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... In relation to a company, a director is an officer (that is, someone who works for the company) charged with the conduct and management of its affairs. ... Mike Lunsford is the interim CEO of Earthlink, taking over from Charles (Garry) Betty (who was diagnosed with a serious form of cancer and is currently on a leave of absence. ... January 2 is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


References

  1. ^ a b Staff. "Earthlink co-founder charged with fraud, money laundering", CNN, Time Warner, March 27, 2002. 
  2. ^ a b Staff. "Business digest", St. Petersburg Times, May 1, 2002, pp. EARTHLINK CO-FOUNDER ADMITS FRAUD. 
  3. ^ a b Tkacik, Maureen. "EarthLink Co-Founder Slatkin Admits to Fraud in Ponzi Scheme", Wall Street Journal, March 27, 2002. 
  4. ^ a b Staff, The Associated Press. "Earthlink Chief Signs Agreement", The Washington Post, June 2, 2001. 
  5. ^ Husted, Bill. "EarthLink to Cut 180 Customer Service Workers; Work to be Outsourced Overseas." Atlanta Journal Constitution. 26 Jul. 2005. Business Section. 1D
  6. ^ U.S. Institutional Database. 20 Nov. 2006. EarthLink Incorporated.
  7. ^ Leith, Scott. "Quarterly Loss Drives EarthLink Stock Down." Atlanta Journal Constitution. 20 Oct. 2006. Business Section 2G.
  8. ^ http://www.teleclick.ca/2006/06/earthlink%e2%80%99s-citywide-wi-fi-gamble-is-a-calculated-risk/
  9. ^ http://www.skeptictank.org/hs/elcoslnk.htm
  10. ^ http://www.metroactive.com/papers/metro/03.19.98/scientology-9811.html
  11. ^ Larry Armstrong. "The Mac of Internet Providers." Business Week December 15, 1997
  12. ^ http://www.earthlink.net/about/press/pr_aluria_acquisition/
  13. ^ Keefe, Bob. "EarthLink: Illness Drives Leader Shuffle." Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 22 Nov. 2006. Business Section 1C.
  14. ^ Roberts, Paul F. "EarthLink CEO Betty dead at 49", InfoWorld, 2007-01-03. Retrieved on 2007-01-03. 

The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... Time Warner Inc. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (87th in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Logo of the St. ... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ... Associated Press logo This article concerns the news service. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ... BusinessWeek is a business magazine published by McGraw-Hill. ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... InfoWorld is an information technology online media and events business operating under the umbrella of InfoWorld Media Group, a division of IDG (International Data Group). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Business data

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EarthLink SIPshare: SIP-based P2P Content Sharing Prototype (850 words)
EarthLink wants to point the way and aid the cause of these new applications by demonstrating in open source working code that SIP can host poweful applications beyond those that immediately come to mind, that is, voice and video.
EarthLink SIPshare demonstrates that it is conceivable that voice over IP, where voice is just content of a different form, itself can be implemented using SIP in a fully standards-based P2P network.
EarthLink SIPshare is a prototype, meant to be extended by the community or used casually for instructional and evaluation purposes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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