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Encyclopedia > Earth First!
The symbol of Earth First!: a Monkey wrench and stone hammer

Earth First! is a radical environmentalist organization[1] that emerged in the USA, in the great southwestern desert during the spring of 1980. Inspired by Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, Aldo Leopold's land ethic, and Edward Abbey's The Monkey Wrench Gang, a group of activists fed up with mainstream environmental organizations pledged "No Compromise in Defense of Mother Earth!". Environmental activist Dave Foreman, ex-Yippie (Youth International Party) Mike Roselle, Wyoming Wilderness Society representatives Bart Koehler and Howie Wolke and former Park Ranger Ron Kezar were traveling in Foreman's VW bus from the Pincate Desert in northern Mexico to Albuquerque. Provoked by what they considered a sell-out by mainstream enviros during the RARE II (the Forest Service's Roadless Area and Review Evaluation) meetings, the activists envisaged a revolutionary movement to set aside multi-million acre ecological preserves all across the United States. "Suddenly Foreman called out 'Earth First!' The next thing you know, Wolke says, "Roselle drew a clenched fist logo, passed it up to the front of the van, and there was Earth First!"[2] The copyright status of this work is difficult or impossible to determine. ... The copyright status of this work is difficult or impossible to determine. ... The environmental movement (a term that sometimes includes the conservation and green movements) is a diverse scientific, social, and political movement. ... Rachel Louise Carson (May 27, 1907 — April 14, 1964) was an American marine biologist and nature writer whose landmark book, Silent Spring, is often credited with having launched the global environmental movement. ... Silent Spring is a book written by Rachel Carson and published by Houghton Mifflin in September 1961. ... Aldo Leopold (January 11, 1887 - April 21, 1948) was a United States ecologist, forester, and environmentalist. ... Edward Paul Abbey (January 29, 1927 - March 14, 1989) was an American author and essayist noted for his advocacy of environmental issues and criticism of public land policies. ... The Monkey Wrench Gang is a novel written by American author Edward Abbey (1927-1989), published in 1975. ... Dave Foreman (born 1947) is a US environmentalist and co-founder of the radical environmental movement Earth First! The son of a US Air Force career officer, as a young man Foreman was influenced by the writings of Ayn Rand and supported the Vietnam War. ... The Youth International Party (whose adherents were known as Yippies, a variant on Hippies) was a highly theatrical political party established in the United States in 1967. ...


There are Earth First! groups in the USA, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Netherlands, Philippines, and the Czech Republic.[1] There have also been groups in India, Mexico, France, Belgium, Germany, New Zealand, Poland, Nigeria, Slovakia, Ireland, Italy and Spain.

Contents

The early years

During the group's early years (1979-1986), Earth First! mixed publicity stunts (such as rolling a plastic "crack" down Glen Canyon Dam) with far-reaching wilderness proposals that reportedly went beyond what the mainstream environmental groups were willing to advocate (with conservation biology research from a biocentric perspective). The group's proposals were published in a periodical, Earth First! The Radical Environmental Journal, informally known as the Earth First! Journal. It has been reported that Edward Abbey often spoke at early gatherings and that his writings were a major inspiration that led him to be revered by the early movement. There have been additional reports of an annual gathering of the group that was known as the Round River Rendezvous, with the name taken from an Ojibwa myth about a continuous river of life flowing into and out of itself and sustaining all relations. The rendezvous is part celebration with art and music, part activist conference with workshops and accounts of past actions. Glen Canyon Dam on 19 June 2005. ... Wilderness is generally defined as a natural environment on Earth that has not been modified by human activity. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Biocentrism is the belief that all life, or even the whole universe living or otherwise taken as a whole, is equally valuable and humanity is not the center of existence. ... Edward Paul Abbey (January 29, 1927 - March 14, 1989) was an American author and essayist noted for his advocacy of environmental issues and criticism of public land policies. ... This article is about the native North American people. ...


In the spring of 1985, a nationwide call to action in the Earth First! Journal brought Earth First! members from around the United States to Willamette National Forest to take action against a logging company called Willamette Industries. Finding logging road blockades (carried out by Corvallis, Oregon-based Cathedral Forest Action Group) were offering too short term a protection, Marylander Ron Huber and Washingtonian Mike Jakubal devised tree sitting as a more effective civil disobedience alternative. The Willamette National Forest is named after the Willamette River, which has its headwaters in the Forest. ... Willamette Industries, Inc. ... Corvallis (IPA: ) is a city located in central western Oregon, USA. Originally called Marysville, (possibly after early settler Mary Lloyd but now thought to be derived from French fur-trappers naming of a local paek after the Virgin Mary [1]), the legislative assembly changed the citys name to Corvallis... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Anti-war activist Midge Potts is arrested for civil disobedience on the steps of the Supreme Court of the United States on February 9, 2005. ...


On May 23, 1985 Mike Jakubal made the first Earth First! tree sit. When U.S. Forest Service law enforcement official Steve Slagowski arrived, Mike Roselle, Ron Huber and others were arrested sitting at the base of the tree in support. This first tree sit lasted less than a day -- Jakubal came down in the evening to look over the remains of the forest that had been cut down around him that day, and was arrested by a hidden Forest Service officer -- but the tree-sitting concept was deemed sound by Earth First! members. Huber and Jakubal, in the company of Mike Roselle, brought the concept to the June 14th Washington EF Rendezvous; on June 23, a convoy of activists arrived at Willamette National Forest, and set up tree platforms in a location "Squaw/Three timbersale" the group thought was threatened with imminent destruction. While at one point, up to a dozen trees were occupied, a July 10 clash took down all the trees with platforms except for Ron Huber's as the other sitters had gone for an overnight meeting elsewhere. Huber remained in his tree, dubbed Yggdrasil, until July 20 when two Linn County sheriff's deputies were lifted in a crane box and wrestled him from the tree. is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... The USDA Forest Service, a United States government agency within the United States Department of Agriculture, is under the leadership of the United States Secretary of Agriculture. ... For the band, see The Police. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This tree from the Viking Age Överhogdal tapestries is believed to show Yggdrasil with Viðópnir. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up Sheriff in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Later, from about 1987 on, Earth First! became primarily associated with direct action to prevent logging, building of dams, and other forms of development which Earth First! finds may cause destruction of wildlife habitats or the despoilation of wild places. This change in direction attracted many new members to Earth First!, some of whom came from a leftist or anarchist political background or involvement in the counterculture. Dave Foreman has related that this led to the introduction of such activities as a "puke-in" at a shopping mall, a flag burning, heckling of Edward Abbey at a 1987 Earth First rendezvous, and back-and-forth debates in the Earth First! Journal on such topics as anarchism, with which Foreman and others did not wish to be associated. Most of the group's older members, including Dave Foreman, Howie Wolke, Bart Koehler, Christopher Manes, George Wuerthner, and Earth First! Journal editor John Davis became increasingly uncomfortable with this new direction. This change reportedly severed their ties to Earth First! in 1990. Many of them went on to launch a new magazine, Wild Earth, and a new environmental group, The Wildlands Project. Roselle, on the other hand, along with activists such as Judi Bari, welcomed the new direct-action and leftist direction of Earth First!. Direct action is a form of political activism which seeks immediate remedy for perceived ills, as opposed to indirect actions such as electing representatives who promise to provide remedy at some later date. ... Logging is the process in which trees are cut down usually as part of a timber harvest. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Subdivision is the act of dividing up land into smaller pieces that are easier to sell, usually via a plat. ... Various species of deer are commonly seen wildlife across the Americas and Eurasia. ... Habitat (which is Latin for it inhabits) is the place where a particular species live and grow. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of hierarchy and imposed authority. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Vomiting Puke (song) - a song by Eminem Category: ... Flag desecration is a blanket term applied to various ways of intentionally defacing or dishonoring a flag, most often a national flag (though other flags are defaced as well). ... Wild Earth was an environmentalist magazine published in the United States by the Wildlands Project between 1991 and 2004. ... Judi Bari, March 3, 1995, by Xiang Xing Zhou, San Francisco Daily Journal. ...


Starting in the mid-1980s, Earth First! began an increasing promotion of and identification with "Deep Ecology," a philosophy put forward by Arne Næss, Bill Devall, and George Sessions, which holds that all forms of life on Earth have equal value in and of themselves, without regard for their utility to human beings. Earth First followers use this philosophy to justify an ecocentric view of the world in which intrinsic values for organisms and ecosystems outweigh their resource values. Deep ecology is a recent branch of ecological philosophy (ecosophy) that considers humankind as an integral part of its environment. ... Arne Dekke Eide Næss (born January 27, 1912) is widely regarded as the foremost Norwegian philosopher of the 20th century[1], and is the founder of deep ecology. ... This article is about the tv programme Life on Earth. ... Human beings are defined variously in biological, spiritual, and cultural terms, or in combinations thereof. ... Ecocentrism or physiocentrism is a synonym for biocentrism, but differs in that it does not principally distinguish between living and non living forms of nature. ... A coral reef near the Hawaiian islands is an example of a complex marine ecosystem. ...


Earth First since 1990

Since 1990, action within the Earth First! movement has become increasingly influenced by anarchist political philosophy. The change also brought a rotation of the primary media organ in differing regions, an aversion to organized leadership or administrative structure, and a new trend of identifying Earth First! as a mainstream movement rather than an organization. In 1992, Earth First! push as a mainstream movement caused members who refused to abandon criminal acts to start a militant offshoot called Earth Liberation Front.[2] Most members of Earth First! liken themselves to an decentralized, locally informed activism based on communitarian ethics while Earth First adversaries characterize the group as conducting a form of terrorism[3]. Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of hierarchy and imposed authority. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Political philosophy is the study of fundamental questions about the state, government, politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law and the enforcement of a legal code by authority: what they are, why (or even if) they are needed, what makes a government legitimate, what... The Earth Liberation Front (ELF) is the collective name for anonymous and autonomous groups that, according to the now defunct Earth Liberation Front Press Office (ELFPO), use direct action in the form of economic sabotage to stop the exploitation and destruction of the natural environment. ... Decentralisation (American: decentralization) is any of various means of more widely distributing decision-making to bring it closer to the point of service or action. ... Communitarianism as a group of related but distinct philosophies began in the late 20th century, opposing radical individualism, and other similar philosophies while advocating phenomena such as civil society. ...


In various parts of the country, individual citizens and small groups form the nuclei for grassroots political actions, which may take the form of legal actions--i.e. protests, timber sale appeals, and educational campaigns--or civil disobedience--tree sitting, road blockades, and sabotage - called "ecotage" by some Earth First! members, claiming it is done as a form of ecodefense. Often, disruptive direct action is used primarily as a stalling tactic in an attempt to prevent possible environmental destruction while Earth First! lawsuits try to secure long-term victories. Reported tactics include road blockades, activists locking themselves to heavy equipment, tree-sitting, and sabotage of machinery.[citation needed] Demonstrators march in the street while protesting the World Bank and International Monetary Fund on April 16, 2005. ... Anti-war activist Midge Potts is arrested for civil disobedience on the steps of the Supreme Court of the United States on February 9, 2005. ... Tree sitting is a form of environmentalist civil disobedience in which a protester sits in a tree, usually on a small platform built for the purpose, to protect it from being cut down (speculating that loggers will not endanger human lives by cutting an occupied tree). ... Mountain road with hairpin turns in the French Alps For other uses, see Road (disambiguation). ... A blockade is any effort to prevent supplies, troops, information or aid from reaching an opposing force. ... “Saboteur” redirects here. ... Ecotage is the commission of usually illegal acts of sabotage motivated by environmentalism, including the prevention of ecocide. ... Ecodefense: The Ethics of Monkeywrenching is a book edited by Dave Foreman, published by Abbzug Press, Third Edition. ... It has been suggested that civil trial be merged into this article or section. ...


Earth First! was known for providing information in the Earth First! Journal on the practice of tree-spiking and monkeywrenching (or ecotage) which have led to reports of injuries from such tactics.[citation needed] In 1990, however, Judi Bari led Earth First! in the Northern California and Southern Oregon region to renounce these practices, calling them counterproductive to an effort to form a coalition with workers and small logging businesses to defeat large-scale corporate logging in Northern California. Tree spiking is a form of sabotage which involves hammering a metal rod or other material (commonly ceramic) into a tree trunk in order to discourage logging. ... Monkeywrenching is economic warfare by sabotage, often by illegal means, used to slow down or halt an undesired government-sanctioned activity. ... Judi Bari, March 3, 1995, by Xiang Xing Zhou, San Francisco Daily Journal. ... Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


Some critics of the movement still call Earth First! activity eco-terrorism, though Earth First! proponents say that the term more accurately describes the people who destroy the environment. In response to being labeled terrorists, some Earth First! members have adopted the neologism terrist instead. The term eco-terrorism is a neologism used to describe threats and/or acts of violence (both against people and against property), sabotage, vandalism, property damage and intimidation committed in the name of environmentalism. ... This article cites very few or no references or sources. ... Terrist (less commonly terraist) is a neologism referring to environmentalists who engage in actions considered by some to be terrorism, (eco-terrorism) including violent destruction of property as well as various types of nonviolent direct action. ...


Judi Bari car bombing

In 1990, a bomb was placed in Judi Bari's car, crippling her, and injuring fellow activist Darryl Cherney. Police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation suspected that she was responsible for the bomb but were unable to find any evidence tying her to the explosion. Bari died in 1997 of cancer, but her federal lawsuit against the FBI and Oakland, California police resulted in a 2002 jury verdict awarding her estate and Darryl Cherney a total of $4.4 million.[4] Eighty percent of the damages were awarded for violating their First and Fourth Amendment rights during the course of investigating a car bombing that shattered Bari's pelvis and hospitalized Cherney with less severe wounds.[5] The Massive Ordnance Air Blast (MOAB) bomb produced in the United States. ... Karl Benzs Velo model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race An automobile or motor car (usually shortened to just car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... Darryl Cherney is a musician and enviromental activist. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ), serving as both a federal criminal investigative body and a domestic intelligence agency. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... In law, a verdict indicates the judgment of a case before a court of law. ... The Bill of Rights in the National Archives The First Amendment to the United States Constitution is a part of the United States Bill of Rights. ... The Bill of Rights in the National Archives. ...


Some theories have focused on Mike Sweeney, Bari's estranged ex-husband, who is alleged to have a history of domestic violence and political bombings dating back to the 60's. This theory has been advanced by Kate Coleman, author of The Secret Wars of Judi Bari, as well as Bruce Anderson, editor of the Anderson Valley Advertiser. This theory advanced by Coleman and Anderson are dismissed by Friends of Judi Bari as part of a "right-wing funded smear" campaign[6]. Bari's supporters, on the other hand, believe there is evidence the FBI helped plan the bombing[citation needed], although there has never been a government investigation into this claim[citation needed]. Special Agent Richard W. Held, who supervised the Bari case for the FBI, was dismissed from the lawsuit early on in 1997[citation needed]. A smear campaign or smear tactics are deliberate attempts by an individual or group to malign another individual or groups reputation. ...


Earth First! in the UK

An arrest at the Liverpool docks, with protestors occupying cranes in the background

The Earth First! movement in the United Kingdom started in the 1990, when a group in Hastings Sussex organising an action at Dungeness nuclear power station in Kent. It grew rapidly, and many groups formed, with or without the EF! name, over the next years. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Image File history File links MersysideDockAction. ... Image File history File links MersysideDockAction. ... For other uses, see Hastings (disambiguation). ... Sussex is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex. ... Dungeness is the headland of a shingle beach on the Romney Marsh in Kent, England. ... A nuclear power plant (NPP) is a thermal power station in which the heat source is one or more nuclear reactors. ... coat of Arms of Kent For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ...


The first big Earth First! actions happened in 1992 and focused around the importation of tropical hardwoods. The first major action happened in London at Tilbury Docks. The second major action, the Merseyside Dock Action, attracted between 200-600 people who occupied Liverpool docks for two days. This action coincided with the Earth First! roadshow, in which a group of UK & US Earth Firsters toured the country. Other early campaign also focused on timber-yards, most notably Timbmet yard in Oxford.[3] This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Tilbury is located on the north bank of the River Thames, in the borough of Thurrock in England, at the point where the river suddenly narrows to about 800 yards/740 metres in width. ... The Port of Liverpool is the name for the enclosed dock system that runs from Herculaneum Dock to Seaforth Dock, on the east side of the River Mersey, combined with the facilities built around the Great Float on the west side of the river. ...


At the first national gathering in Sussex the debate focused on the use of criminal damage as a protest technique. Earth First! did not condone or condemn criminal damage, instead it focused more on non-violent direct action techniques. Some people at the gathering coined the term Earth Liberation Front (ELF), which became a separate movement which spread back to the US. Actions involving criminal damage did happen often under cover of night and were typically done under ELF banner and attributed to elves and pixies, giving a distinctly British feel to the movement. Nonviolence (or non-violence) is a set of assumptions about morality, power and conflict that leads its proponents to reject the use of violence in efforts to attain social or political goals. ... The Earth Liberation Front (ELF) is the collective name for anonymous and autonomous groups that, according to the now defunct Earth Liberation Front Press Office (ELFPO), use direct action in the form of economic sabotage to stop the exploitation and destruction of the natural environment. ... For alternate meanings, see Lightning (disambiguation). ... Pixies (or Piskies as they are sometimes known in Cornwall) are mythical creatures of folklore, considered to be particularly concentrated in the areas around Devon and Cornwall, suggesting some Celtic origin for the belief and name. ...


Major growth in the direct action movement started when the focus shifted to roads, and a protest camp at Twyford Down was started, against the M3 in Hampshire. Whilst Earth First! groups still played a major part, other groups such as the Dongas tribe soon formed. Along with SchNEWS the Earth First! Action Update, Do or Die and , Earth First! gathering were key means of communication between the groups. The movement grew to many other road protest camps including Newbury bypass, the A30, the M11 link road protest in London, where whole streets were "squatted." Later the focus winded to other campaigns including notably Reclaim the Streets, anti-GMO campaigns, Rising Tide, Peat Alert, Plane Stupid... The growth of this wider movement is more extensively covered in environmental direct action in the United Kingdom. Twyford Down lies to the South East of Winchester, Hampshire, England. ... The Dongas road protest group were a protest group in England noted for their occupation of Twyford Down outside Winchester, Hampshire. ... SchNEWS is a weekly anarchist publication published in Brighton, England as a double sided A4 newspaper and an online edition. ... The Newbury Bypass near Donnington, Berkshire. ... The A30 is an old trunk road (main road) which runs from central London to Lands End, the westernmost point of the mainland of England (though not of mainland Great Britain), and is sometimes called the Great South West Road. ... The M11 link road protest was an anti-road campaign in London, UK in the early 1990s. ... Reclaim the Streets (RTS) is a collective with a shared ideal of community ownership of public spaces. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


The UK Earth First! groups differed considerably from the U.S. groups as reported in a ten year retrospective of the Earth First! by two of the founders Jake Bowers and Jason Torrance:

We knew EF US's original hardline "rednecks for wilderness" attitude wouldn't appeal here, so we set out to build a group that combined radical action and social justice to protect Britain's few remaining natural places.[4]

References

  • Penobscot Bay WatchEarth First! Treesitting Blockages Begin. Spring/Summer 1985
  • fojb.org Friends of Judi Bari - FOJB
  • Anderson Valley Advertiser Who Bomed Judi Bari? Interviewed by Bruce Anderson
  • law.com Cal Law - FBI, Oakland Handed Defeats in Bari Lawsuit020612b
  • Sierra Nevada Earth First! History of Earth First
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation Congressional Testimony - The Threat of Eco-Terrorism
  • Mail Tribune Forest speaker says he's no terrorist - By Paul Fattig

Notes

  1. ^ FBI par.9
  2. ^ earth first! - history
  3. ^ mail tribune par.5
  4. ^ law.com par.1
  5. ^ law.com 020612b par.2
  6. ^ FOJB - The latest attack on Judi

Books about Earth First!

Books about the early Earth First!

  • Davis, John, ed. The Earth First! Reader: Ten Years of Radical Environmentalism (1991) (ISBN 0-87905-387-9)
  • Foreman, Dave. Confessions of an Eco-Warrior (1991) (ISBN 0-517-88058-X)
  • Foreman, Dave. Ecodefense: A Field Guide to Monkeywrenching (1985) (ISBN 0-9637751-0-3)
  • Manes, Christopher. Green Rage: Radical Environmentalism and the Unmaking of Civilization (1990) (ISBN 0-316-54532-5)
  • Scarce, Rik. Eco-Warriors: Understanding the Radical Environmental Movement (2006) (ISBN 1-59874-028-8)
  • Zakin, Susan. Coyotes and Town Dogs: Earth First! and the Environmental Movement (1993) (ISBN 0-8165-2185-9)

Books about the post-1990 Earth First

  • Bari, Judi. Timber Wars (1994) (ISBN 1-56751-026-4)
  • Lee, Martha. Earth First!: Environmental Apocalypse (1995) (ISBN 0-8156-0365-7)
  • Scarce, Rik. Eco-Warriors: Understanding the Radical Environmental Movement (2006) (ISBN 1-59874-028-8)
  • Wall, Derek Earth First and the Anti-Roads Movement (1999) (ISBN 0-415-19064-9)
  • Chadwick, Paul "Concrete: Think Like A Mountain"

Books critical of Earth First

  • Arnold, Ron. Ecoterror: The Violent Agenda to Save Nature (1997) (ISBN 0-939571-18-8)
  • Bradford, George. How Deep is Deep Ecology? (1989) (ISBN 0-87810-035-0)
  • Clausen, Barry. Walking on the Edge: How I Infiltrated Earth First! (1994) (ISBN 0-936783-12-5)
  • Coleman, Kate. The Secret Wars of Judi Bari (2005) (ISBN 1-893554-74-0)

Judi Bari, March 3, 1995, by Xiang Xing Zhou, San Francisco Daily Journal. ...

See also

Deep ecology is a recent branch of ecological philosophy (ecosophy) that considers humankind as an integral part of its environment. ... Confessions of an Eco-Warrior (ISBN 0-517-88058-X / ISBN 051788058X), is a book written by Dave Foreman, publisher Crown Publishing Group. ... Green syndicalism has been used as a name for the philosophy of the green guild or sustainable trades movement. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The environmental movement (a term that sometimes includes the conservation and green movements) is a diverse scientific, social, and political movement. ... Edward Paul Abbey (January 29, 1927 - March 14, 1989) was an American author and essayist noted for his advocacy of environmental issues and criticism of public land policies. ... The Monkey Wrench Gang is a novel written by American author Edward Abbey (1927-1989), published in 1975. ... Ecodefense: The Ethics of Monkeywrenching is a book edited by Dave Foreman, published by Abbzug Press, Third Edition. ... Tree sitting is a form of environmentalist civil disobedience in which a protester sits in a tree, usually on a small platform built for the purpose, to protect it from being cut down (speculating that loggers will not endanger human lives by cutting an occupied tree). ... The conservation ethic is an ethic of resource use, allocation, exploitation, and protection. ... Sea Shepherd flag flying on the Farley Mowat. ... Paul Watson (born December 2, 1950 in Toronto, Canada) is the founder of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and is a significant, albeit controversial, figure in the environmental movement. ... Wild Earth was an environmentalist magazine published in the United States by the Wildlands Project between 1991 and 2004. ... Operation Backfire may refer to: Operation Backfire (WWII) Operation Backfire (FBI), an FBI operation against certain actions by the radical environmental movement. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ...

Trivia

  • In part of the 24: Declassified book series, 24: Declassified: Cat's Claw, Earth First! is talked about a lot and deals in with/ties in with the main plot.

External links

Earth First today

Other links relevant to Earth First


 
 

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