FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Earl of Northumberland

The title of Earl of Northumberland was created several times in the Peerages of England and Great Britain. Its most famous holders were the House of Percy (also Perci), who were the most powerful noble family in Northern England for much of the Middle Ages. The heirs of the Percys were ultimately made Duke of Northumberland in 1766. The Peerage is a system of titles of nobility which exists in the United Kingdom and is one part of the British honours system. ... The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union in 1707. ... The Peerage of Great Britain comprises all extant peerages created in the Kingdom of Great Britain after the Act of Union 1707 but before the Act of Union 1800. ... The title Duke of Northumberland was created in 1551 for John Dudley. ... Events January 1 - Great Britain as King Charles III and figurehead for Jacobitism. ...

Contents

Synopsis

The Percies, who hailed from the village of Perce in Normandy, had large estates in Yorkshire, bestowed by the Conqueror on the first of the name to arrive in England in his train. The family, however, was represented by an heiress only in the reign of Henry II, whose second wife, a daughter of the Duke of Brabant, thought this heiress, with her wide possessions, a suitable match for her own young half-brother Joceline of Louvain. The marriage took place; and thereafter followed the long line of Henry Percies (Henry being a favourite name of the Counts of Louvain) who played such a large part in the history of both England and Scotland; for, as nearly every Percy was a Warden of the Marches, Scottish doings concerned them more or less intimately—indeed, often more so than English affairs. Mont Saint Michel is a historic pilgrimage site and a symbol of Normandy Normandy is a former country (a Duchy) situated in northern France occupying the lower Seine area (upper or Haute-Normandie) and the region to the west (lower or Basse-Normandie) as far as the Cotentin Peninsula. ... This article is about the English county. ... Henry II of England, depicted in Cassells History of England, Century Edition, published circa 1902 Henry II (March 25, 1133–July 6, 1189), ruled as Duke of Anjou and as King of England (1154–1189) and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland, eastern Ireland, and western France. ...


It was the third Henry Percy who purchased Alnwick Castle in 1309 from Antony Bec, Bishop of Durham and guardian of the last De Vesci, and from that time the fortunes of the Percies, though they still held their Yorkshire estates, were linked permanently with the little town on the Aln, and the fortress which commanded and defended it. The fourth Henry Percy began to build the castle as we see it now; but to call him "the fourth" is a little confusing, as he was the second Henry Percy, Lord of Alnwick. On the whole, it will be clearer to begin the enumerations of the various Henry Percies from the time they became Lords of Alnwick. It was, then, Henry Percy the second, Lord of Alnwick, who began the re-building of the castle; he also was jointly responsible for the safety of the realm during the absence of Edward III in the French wars, and in this official capacity he helped to win the battle of Neville's Cross. His son, Henry Henry, married a sister of John of Gaunt, and their son, the next Henry Percy, was created Earl of Northumberland, which title he was given after the coronation of Richard II. Nor was this all, for he was that Northumberland whose doings in the next reign fill so large a part of Shakespeare's Henry IV, and he was the father of the most famous Percy of all, Henry Percy the fifth, better known as "Harry Hotspur." Hotspur never became Earl of Northumberland, being slain at Shrewsbury in the lifetime of his father, whose estates were forfeited under attainder on account of the rebellion of himself and his son against King Henry IV. Alnwick Castle, from the east, across the Pastures and the River Aln Alnwick Castle is a castle and stately home in Alnwick, Northumberland, England. ... Events Rhodes falls to forces of the Knights of St. ... Edward III King of England Edward III (13 November 1312–21 June 1377) was one of the most successful English Kings of medieval times. ... As a consequence of the French armys defeat at the Battle of Crécy, during the Hundred Years War, King Philip VI of France appealed to his friend and ally King David II of Scotland to come to his aid by launching an attack on Northern England. ... John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (June 24, 1340 - February 3, 1399), the third surviving son of King Edward III of England, gained his name because he was born at Ghent in 1340. ... Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland (November 10, 1342 - February 20, 1408), was the son of Henry, 3rd baron Percy, and the father of Henry Harry Hotspur Percy. ... There is also a play entitled Richard II by Shakespeare. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Although at its first publication in 1598 it was titled The History of Henrie the Fourth, this play by William Shakespeare is the tale of the coming-of-age of the future Henry V—young Prince Hal, the compatriot of Falstaff and other disreputable rascals. ... Henry Percy was the name of several nobles in the line that produced the earls of Northumberland. ... This article is about the town of Shrewsbury in England. ... Henry IV of England, depicted in Cassells History of England, Century Edition, published circa 1902 Henry IV King of England, Lord of Ireland. ...


Henry V restored Hotspur's son, the second Earl, to his family honours, and the Percies were staunch Lancastrians during the Wars of the Roses which followed, the third Earl and three of his brothers losing their lives in the cause. The fifth Earl was a gorgeous person whose magnificence equalled, almost, that of royalty. Henry Percy, the sixth Earl of Northumberland, loved Ann Boleyn, and was her accepted suitor before Henry VIII unfortunately discovered the lady's charm, and interfered such that Percy lost his prospective bride. He had no son, although married later to the daughter of the Earl of Shrewsbury, and his nephew, Thomas Percy, became the seventh Earl. Henry V of England, as depicted in Cassells History of England, Century Edition, published circa 1902 Henry V Henry V, (August 9 or September 16, 1387 - August 31, 1422), King of England, son of Henry IV of England by Mary de Bohun, was born at Monmouth, Wales, in September... The War or Wars of the Roses may refer to, or have been referred to by: The historical Wars of the Roses, the civil war that took place in Mediæval Britain between the House of York and the House of Lancaster. ... Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, (25 July 1421 - 29 March 1461) was the son of Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland and Lady Eleanor Neville, daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and his second wife Joan Beaufort. ... Henry Percy, 6th Earl of Northumberland (1502 - 1537), was the son of Henry Algernon Percy, 5th Earl of Northumberland. ... Anne Boleyn, a 19th-century painting based on a disputed sketch by Hans Holbein the Younger. ... Henry VIII King of England and Ireland by Hans Holbein the Younger His Grace King Henry VIII (28 June 1491–28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland was related to Henry Percey, Anne Boleyns lover before King Henry VIII. He was marrien in 1558 to Lady Anne Somerset, daughter of Henry Somerset, 2nd Earl of Worcester and Margaret Courtenay. ...


Thereafter, a succession of plots and counterplots — the Rising of the North, the plots to liberate Mary Queen of Scots, and the Gunpowder Plot — each claimed a Percy among their adherents. On this account the eighth and ninth Earls spent many years in the Tower, but the tenth Earl, Algernon, fought for King Charles in the Civil War, the male line of the Percy-Louvain house ending with Josceline, the eleventh Earl. The heiress to the vast Percy estates married the Duke of Somerset; and her grand-daughter married a Yorkshire knight, Sir Hugh Smithson, who in 1766 was created the first Duke of Northumberland and Earl Percy, and it is their descendants who now represent the famous old house. Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland (1564 - 1632) is better known for the circles he moved in than for his own achievements. ... A tower is a high structure, usually man-made. ... Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland (1602-1668) was an English military leader. ... Events January 1 - Great Britain as King Charles III and figurehead for Jacobitism. ... The title Duke of Northumberland was created in 1551 for John Dudley. ...


Earls of Northumberland, first Creation (1377)

  • Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland (1341-1408) (forfeit 1405)

Events January 17 – Gregory XI enters Rome. ... Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland (November 10, 1342 - February 20, 1408), was the son of Henry, 3rd baron Percy, and the father of Henry Harry Hotspur Percy. ... Events Petrarch becomes famous Beginning of the Breton War of Succession over the control of the Duchy of Brittany Margarete Maultasch, Countess of Tyrol, expells her husband John Henry of Bohemia, to whom she had been married as a child. ... Events December 13 - The Order of the Dragon is officially formated under King Sigismund of Hungary. ...

Earls of Northumberland, second Creation (1416)

  • Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (1394-1455)
  • Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland (1421-1461) (forfeit 1461)
  • Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland (1449-1489) (restored 1470)
  • Henry Algernon Percy, 5th Earl of Northumberland (1478-1527)
  • Henry Percy, 6th Earl of Northumberland (1502-1537)

Events May 30 - The Catholic Church burns Jerome of Prague as a heretic. ... Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, (3 February 1392 /1393 - 22 May 1455) was the son of Henry Percy and his wife Elizabeth de Mortimer, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March and Philippa Plantagenet. ... Events Expulsion of the Jews from France. ... Events February 9 - Wars of the Roses: Richard, Duke of York dismissed as Protector February 23 - Johannes Gutenberg prints the first Bible on a printing press May 22 - Wars of the Roses: First Battle of St Albans - Richard, Duke of York and his ally, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick defeat... Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, (25 July 1421 - 29 March 1461) was the son of Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland and Lady Eleanor Neville, daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and his second wife Joan Beaufort. ... Events March 21 - Battle of Baugé. A small French force surprises and defeats an English force under Thomas, Duke of Clarence, a brother of Henry V of England, in Normandy. ... Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ... Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland, (c. ... Events January 6 - Constantine XI is crowned Byzantine Emperor. ... Events March 14 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. ... Events February 18 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London. ... Events January 5 - Felix Manz, co-founder of the Swiss Anabaptists, was drowned in the Limmat River in Zurich by the Zurich Reformed state church. ... Henry Percy, 6th Earl of Northumberland (1502 - 1537), was the son of Henry Algernon Percy, 5th Earl of Northumberland. ... Events January 1 - Portuguese explorers sailed into Guanabra Bay, Brazil and mistook it for the mouth of a river which they named Rio de Janeiro May 9 - Christopher Columbus leaves Spain for his fourth and final trip to the New World. May 21 - Portuguese discover island of St Helena. ... Events January 6 - Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ...

Earls of Northumberland, third Creation (1557)

Events Spain is effectively bankrupt. ... Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland was related to Henry Percey, Anne Boleyns lover before King Henry VIII. He was marrien in 1558 to Lady Anne Somerset, daughter of Henry Somerset, 2nd Earl of Worcester and Margaret Courtenay. ... Events June 19 - Battle of Landriano - A French army in Italy under Marshal St. ... Events January 16 - The Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... Henry Percy, 8th Earl of Northumberland (1532 - 1585) Henry was the son of Thomas Percy and Eleanor Harbottle. ... Events May 16 - Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England. ... Events January 12 - The Netherlands adopts the Gregorian calendar Beginning of the Eighth War of Religion in France (also known as the War of the Three Henrys) August 8 - John Davis enters Cumberland Sound in quest for the North West Passage. ... Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland (1564 - 1632) is better known for the circles he moved in than for his own achievements. ... Events March 8 - Naples bans kissing in public under the penalty of death June 22 - Fort Caroline, the first French attempt at colonizing the New World September 10 - The Battle of Kawanakajima Ottoman Turks invade Malta Modern pencil becomes common in England Conquistadors crossed the Pacific Spanish found a colony... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe. ... Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland (1602-1668) was an English military leader. ... For the Marvel comic, see 1602 (comic). ... Events January - The Triple Alliance of 1668 is formed. ... Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... Events January 21 – Highwayman Claude Duval is executed in Tyburn, Middlesex April - Pope Clement X is elected. ...

Earls of Northumberland, fourth Creation (1674)

Events February 19 - England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster. ... George Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Northumberland (Oxford, December 28, 1665 - Epsom, June 28, 1716) was the third and youngest illegitimate son of King Charles II. His mother was Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine (also known as Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland). ... Events March 4 - Start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War March 6 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society begins publication March 16 - Bucharest allows Jews to settle in the city in exchange of annual tax of 16 guilders June 3 - The Duke of York defeats the Dutch Fleet off the... Events Natchez, one of the oldest towns on the Mississippi, founded. ...

Earls of Northumberland, fifth Creation (1749)

See Duke of Northumberland, third creation Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ... The title Duke of Northumberland was created in 1551 for John Dudley. ...


Further reading

  • Rose, Alexander Kings in the North - The House of Percy in British History. Phoenix/Orion Books Ltd, 2002, ISBN 1842124854 (722 pages paperback)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Earl of Northumberland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (611 words)
His son, Henry Henry, married a sister of John of Gaunt, and their son, the next Henry Percy, was created Earl of Northumberland, which title he was given after the coronation of Richard II.
Henry V restored Hotspur's son, the second Earl, to his family honours, and the Percies were staunch Lancastrians during the Wars of the Roses which followed, the third Earl and three of his brothers losing their lives in the cause.
Henry Percy, the sixth Earl of Northumberland, loved Ann Boleyn, and was her accepted suitor before Henry VIII unfortunately discovered the lady's charm, and interfered such that Percy lost his prospective bride.
Thomas PERCY (7° E. Northumberland) (1215 words)
Henry Algernon Percy, the fifth Earl of Northumberland, maintained at his castles of Leconfield and Wressil a splendour and hospitality scarcely inferior to that of the royal court.
He was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Percy, brother of the childless Henry Percy, sixth Earl of Northumberland, and Eleanor, daughter of Sir Guiscard Harbottle.
On Elizabeth's accession the Earl, whose steadfast loyalty to the Catholic Church was known, was kept in the North while the anti-Catholic measures of Elizabeth's first Parliament were passed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m