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Encyclopedia > Earl of Leicester

The Earl of Leicester was created in the 12th century as a title in the Peerage of England (title now extinct), and is currently a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, created in 1837. The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union in 1707. ... The Peerage of the United Kingdom comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Act of Union in 1801. ... 1837 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

Contents

History

The title was first created for Robert de Beaumont. He however invariably used his French title of Count of Meulan. But three generations of his descendants, all also named Robert, were and called themselves Earls of Leicester. Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester and Count of Meulan (died June 5, 1118) was a powerful English and French nobleman, revered as one of the wisest men of his age. ...


The Beaumont male line ended with the death of the fourth earl. His property was split between his two sisters, with Simon de Montfort, the son of the eldest sister, acquiring Leicester and the rights to the earldom. (The husband of the younger daughter, Saer de Quincy, was created Earl of Winchester.) De Montfort however was never formally recognized as earl, due to the antipathy between France and England at that time. His second son, also named Simon de Montfort, did succeed in taking possession of the earldom and its associated properties. He is the Simon de Montfort who became so prominent during the reign of Henry III, and was killed at the Battle of Evesham in 1265. His lands and titles were forfeited, and were soon re-granted to the king's youngest son Edmund Crouchback. Simon de Montfort Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, also Simon IV de Montfort (1160 - June 25, 1218) was a French nobleman who took part in the Fourth Crusade (1202 - 1204) and was a prominent leader of the Albigensian Crusade. ... Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester (d. ... Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (1208 – August 4, 1265) was the principal leader of the baronial opposition to king Henry III of England. ... Henry III of England, as depicted in Cassells History of England, Century Edition, published circa 1902 Henry III (October 1, 1207 - November 16, 1272) is one of the least-known British monarchs, considering the great length of his reign. ... The Battle of Evesham was an important battle in the history of England which took place on August 4, 1265. ... Edmund Crouchback (January 16, 1245 - June 5, 1296) was the second surviving son of Eleanor of Provence and King Henry III of England. ...


Crouchback's son Thomas lost the earldom when he was executed for treason in 1322, but a few years later it was restored to his younger brother Henry. Henry's son Henry of Grosmont left only two daughters, and his estate was divided between them, the eldest daughter Matilda receiving the earldom, which was held by her husband William V of Holland. Thomas, Earl of Lancaster (1280 - March 22, 1322) was one of the leaders of the barons opposed to Edward II of England. ...


(The two passages of the earldom via females illustrate the medieval practice by which such inheritance was allowed in the absence of male heirs.)


Matilda however soon died, and the title passed John of Gaunt, husband her younger sister, Blanche. John of Gaunt was later Duke of Lancaster. Both the dukedom and the earldom were inherited by John of Gaunt's son, Henry Bolingbroke, and both titles ceased to exist when Henry usurped the throne, as the titles "merged into the crown." (The Sovereign is supposed to be above all peers, while holding a title of peerage would connote equality with the peers. Therefore, the Sovereign cannot hold a title of peerage.) The properties associated with the earldom became part of what was later called the Duchy of Lancaster. John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (June 24, 1340 - February 3, 1399), the third surviving son of King Edward III of England, gained his name because he was born at Ghent in 1340. ... Henry IV of England, depicted in Cassells History of England, Century Edition, published circa 1902 Henry IV King of England, Lord of Ireland. ... The Duchy of Lancaster is one of the two Royal Duchies in the United Kingdom, the other being the Duchy of Cornwall. ...


Thereafter, the earldom was again created for Queen Elizabeth I's favourite, Robert Dudley. Since Dudley died without heirs, the title became extinct at his death. The title was again created for Robert Sidney, his nephew. The Sidneys retained the title until the death of the seventh Earl, when the title again became extinct. The title was then given to Thomas Coke, but it became extinct when he, too, died without heirs. Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester (also referred to as Lord Leycester such as at the Lord Leycester Hospital. ...


The title was again bestowed upon George Townshend, later the first Marquess Townshend. The earldom became extinct yet again upon the death of the third Marquess in 1855. Prior to the extinction of the earldom, however, another individual, also named Thomas Coke, was granted the earldom of Leicester. Technically, Coke became the Earl of Leicester of Holkham, and the Marquess Townshend remained the Earl of Leicester. However, the Earls of Leicester of Holkham are usually counted among the Earls of Leicester, and as the term "of Holkham" is not needed to make differentiations, it is not often used when speaking of the title. Thomas William Coke (6 May 1754-30 June 1842) was the celebrated Coke of Norfolk who, between 1776 and 1842, greatly improved his Holkham estate which became famous for its advanced methods of animal husbandry. ...


Earls of Leicester, First Creation (1107)

Events William Warelwast becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester and Count of Meulan (died June 5, 1118) was a powerful English and French nobleman, revered as one of the wisest men of his age. ... Events Knights Templar founded Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem John II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor Gelasius II succeeds Paschal II as pope Births December 21 - Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury Taira no Kiyomori, Japanese general Deaths January 21 - Pope... Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester (1104 - 5 April 1168) was an English nobleman of French ancestry. ... Events The worlds first factory, the Venice Arsenal, is founded in Venice. ... Events December 22 - Afraid that Old Cairo would be captured by the Crusaders, its Caliph orders the city set afire. ... Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester (died 1190) was an English nobleman, one of the principal followers of Henry the Young King in his revolt against his father Henry II. He is also called Robert Blanchemains. ... Events March 16 - Massacre and mass-suicide of the Jews of York, England prompted by Crusaders. ... Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester (died 1204) was an English nobleman, the last of the Beaumont earls of Leicester. ... Events February - Byzantine emperor Alexius IV is overthrown in a revolution, and Alexius V is proclaimed emperor. ... Simon de Montfort Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, also Simon IV de Montfort (1160 - June 25, 1218) was a French nobleman who took part in the Fourth Crusade (1202 - 1204) and was a prominent leader of the Albigensian Crusade. ... Events December 29: Assassination of Thomas Beckett, Archbishop of Canterbury, in Canterbury cathedral Eleanor of Aquitaine leaves the court of Henry II because of a string of infidelities. ... Events Damietta is besieged by the knights of the Fifth Crusade. ... Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (1208 – August 4, 1265) was the principal leader of the baronial opposition to king Henry III of England. ... Events Philip of Swabia King of Germany and rival Holy Roman Emperor to Otto IV, assassinated June 21 in Bamberg by German Count Otto of Wittelsbach because Philip had refused to give him his daughter in marriage. ... Events January 20 - In Westminster, the first English parliament conducts its first meeting. ...

Earls of Leicester, Second Creation (1265)

Events January 20 - In Westminster, the first English parliament conducts its first meeting. ... Edmund Crouchback (January 16, 1245 - June 5, 1296) was the second surviving son of Eleanor of Provence and King Henry III of England. ... Events Rebellion against king Sancho II of Portugal in favor of his brother Alphonso. ... Events April 27 - Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England. ... Thomas, Earl of Lancaster (1280 - March 22, 1322) was one of the leaders of the barons opposed to Edward II of England. ... Events Eric II crowned king of Norway Births Deaths August 22 - Pope Nicholas III November 15 - German philosopher Categories: 1280 ... Events September 27/September 28 - Battle of Ampfing, often called the last battle of knights, in which Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria Births Emperor Komyo of Japan, second of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Deaths January 3 - France Categories: 1322 ... Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Leicester (1281 - September 22, 1345) was an English nobleman, one of the principals behind the deposition of Edward II. He was the younger son of Blanche of Artois and Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Leicester, who was a son of Henry III of England. ... Events February 22 - Martin IV becomes Pope August 15 - Kamikaze storm wipes out invading Mongol army in the coast of Japan The Ottoman Empire was founded as an autonomous state (Beylik) in present day Bilecik, Turkey, by Osman Bey. ... -1... Henry of Grosmont, Duke of Lancaster (c. ... Events Founding of the University of Pavia, Italy. ... John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (June 24, 1340 - February 3, 1399), the third surviving son of King Edward III of England, gained his name because he was born at Ghent in 1340. ... Events January 26 - King France June 24 - The Battle of Sluys is fought between the naval fleets of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France. ... Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births Deaths November 1 - John V, Duke of Brittany Categories: 1399 ... Henry IV of England, depicted in Cassells History of England, Century Edition, published circa 1902 Henry IV King of England, Lord of Ireland. ... Events Battle of Najera, Peter I of Castile restored as King. ... Events March 20 - Henry V becomes King of England Project of Annals of Joseon Dynasty began. ...

Earls of Leicester, Third Creation (1564)

Events March 8 - Naples bans kissing in public under the penalty of death June 22 - Fort Caroline, the first French attempt at colonizing the New World September 10 - The Battle of Kawanakajima Ottoman Turks invade Malta Modern pencil becomes common in England Conquistadors crossed the Pacific Spanish found a colony... Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester (also referred to as Lord Leycester such as at the Lord Leycester Hospital. ... Events January 6 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves, his fourth Queen consort. ... Events May 12 - Day of the Barricades in Paris. ...

Earls of Leicester, Fourth Creation (1618)

Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery). ... Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester (November 19, 1563 - July 13, 1626), second son of Sir Henry Sidney, was a statesman of Elizabethan and Jacobean England. ... Events September 30 - Nurhaci, chieftain of the Jurchens and founder of the Qing Dynasty dies and is succeeded by his son Hong Taiji. ... Events January 30 - William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet is performed for the first time May 24 - Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library. ... Events First performance of Racines tragedy, Phèdre Sarah Churchill marries John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough Battle of Cassel, Philippe I of Orléans defeats William of Orange Mary II of England marries William of Orange English Statute of frauds is passed into law Battle of Landskrona Elias... Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery). ... Events September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher Polhem starts Swedens first technical school. ... Events January 30 - King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. ... Events March 8 - William III died; Princess Anne Stuart becomes Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Events January 29 - Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia First measurement of the speed of light, by Ole Rømer Bacons Rebellion Russo-Turkish Wars commence. ... Events Construction begins on Blenheim Palace, in Oxfordshire, England. ... John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester (February 14, 1680 - September 27, 1737), was a Privy Councillor during the Georgian era. ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... Events March 11 – Chelsea hospital for soldiers is founded in England May 6 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. ... Events February 14 - Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister February 21 - - The premiere in London of George Frideric Handels oratorio, Samson. ...

Earls of Leicester, Fifth Creation (1744)

  • Thomas Coke, 1st Earl of Leicester (1703-1759)

Events The third French and Indian War, known as King Georges War, breaks out at Port Royal, Nova Scotia Ongoing events War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748) Births May 19 - Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, queen of George III of Great Britain (d. ... Events February 2 - Earthquake in Aquila, Italy February 4 - In Japan, the 47 samurai commit seppuku (ritual suicide) February 14 - Earthquake in Norcia, Italy May 27 - Founding of St Petersburg in Russia May 26 - Portugal joins Grand Alliance July 29-31 - Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the... 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...

Earls of Leicester, Sixth Creation (1784)

1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, PC (February 28, 1724 - September 14, 1807) was a British soldier and reached the rank of field marshal. ... Events January 14 - King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne February 20 - The premiere of Giulio Cesare, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, takes place in London June 23 - Treaty of Constantinople signed. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1811 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1785 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...

Earls of Leicester of Holkham, First Creation (1837)

Heir Apparent: his son, Thomas Edward Coke, Viscount Coke (b. 1965) 1837 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Thomas William Coke (6 May 1754-30 June 1842) was the celebrated Coke of Norfolk who, between 1776 and 1842, greatly improved his Holkham estate which became famous for its advanced methods of animal husbandry. ... 1754 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1822 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1909 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... 1908 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1909 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...


References

  • Lords and Earls of Leicester (http://www.semper-eadem.co.uk/Citizens/earls.htm)
  • Levi Fox, "The Honor and Earldom of Leicester: Origin and Descent, 1066-1399", English Historical Review, 54 (1939), 385-402

  Results from FactBites:
 
Earl of Leicester - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (752 words)
The title Earl of Leicester (pronounced "Lester") was created in the 12th century in the Peerage of England (now extinct), and is currently a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, created in 1837.
Technically, Coke became the Earl of Leicester of Holkham, and the Marquess Townshend remained the Earl of Leicester.
However, the Earls of Leicester of Holkham are usually counted among the Earls of Leicester, and as the term "of Holkham" is not needed to make differentiations, it is not often used when speaking of the title.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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