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Encyclopedia > Earl of Crawford

The title Earl of Crawford is one of the most ancient extant titles in the British Isles, having been created in the Peerage of Scotland for Sir David Lindsay in 1398. The Peerage of Scotland is the division of the British Peerage for those peers created in the Kingdom of Scotland before 1707. ...


The title has a very complex history. The title descended to the first Earl's descendants without much incident, until the death of David Lindsay, 8th Earl of Crawford in 1542. The eighth Earl had a son, Alexander, commonly called the Wicked Master, who frequently quarreled with his father and even tried to murder him. The Wicked Master was sentenced to death for his crime, and the eighth Earl conveyed his title to a cousin, also called David Lindsay, a descendant of the third Earl of Crawford, and excluded from the succession all of the Wicked Master's descendants. However, the ninth earl, although he had his own sons, named the Wicked Master's son David as his heir; thus, in 1558, at the ninth Earl's death, the earldom returned to the main branch of the family. The ninth Earl is frequently referred to as an interpolated Earl, as are the 17th-22nd Earls.


At the death of Ludovic Lindsay, 16th Earl of Crawford, the title was passed, despite senior heirs, to a cousin, John, who had already been created Earl of Lindsay. The earldoms of Crawford and Lindsay continued to be united until the twenty-second earl died unmarried in January 1808. The two earldoms then became dormant until the respective heirs could prove their claims to the titles. In 1843, James Lindsay, 7th Earl of Balcarres put forward his claim to the Earldom of Crawford; in 1848, the House of Lords allowed it. It was held that the seventh Earl's father, the sixth Earl, was the lawful successor to the earldom of Crawford (though he did not claim it); therefore, the sixth Earl of Balcarres was posthumously declared the twenty-third Earl of Crawford, and his son, the seventh Earl of Balcarres, became the twenty-fourth Earl of Crawford. Thereafter, these two earldoms have remained united. This article is about the British House of Lords. ...


The subsidiary titles associated with the Earl of Crawford and Balcarres are: Lord Lindsay of Crawford (created 1398), Lord Lindsay and Balniel (1651) and Baron Wigan of Haig Hall (1826). The former two subsidiary titles, as well as the two Earldoms, are in the Peerage of Scotland. The Barony is in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. By virtue of the title of Baron Wigan of Haig Hall, the Earls of Crawford and Balcarres sat in the House of Lords until the passage of the Peerage Act 1963.The present Earl sits in the House of Lords as Baron Balniel, a life peerage conferred on him in 1974 after he left the House of Commons and before the death of his father. The Peerage of Scotland is the division of the British Peerage for those peers created in the Kingdom of Scotland before 1707. ... The Peerage of the United Kingdom comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Act of Union in 1801. ... This article is about the British House of Lords. ... The Peerage Act 1963 is a significant act in the history of the British Peerage. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... In some bicameral parliaments of a Westminster System, the House of Commons has historically been the name of the elected lower house. ...


The family seat is Balcarres House in Colinsburgh, Fife. Fife (Fìobh in Gaelic) is a unitary council region of Scotland situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth. ...


Earls of Crawford (1398)

Heir Apparent: his son Anthony Robert Lindsay, Lord Balniel (b. 1958)
The Heir Apparent's heir apparent: his son The Hon. Alexander Thomas Lindsay (b. 1991) Events Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland destroyed. ... David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford (c. ... Events Treaty of Brétigny King Valdemar Atterdag of Denmark seizes Scania (from 1658 a Swedish province). ... Events November 20 - A solemn truce between John, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspicies of John, Duke of Berry. ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... Events Pachacuti who would later create Tahuantinsuyu, or Inca Empire became the ruler of Cuzco January 1 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Hungary March 18 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Germany Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway looses direct control of Sweden. ... Events Discovery of Senegal and Cape Verde by Dinas Diaz Births March 1 - Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter (died 1510) March 16 - Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, German preacher (died 1510) Richard Amerike, English merchant (approximate date; died 1503) Albert Brudzewski, Polish astronomer (died 1497) Nicolas Chuquet, French mathematician (died c. ... Events May 29 - Fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II the Conqueror, marking the end of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire). ... For alternative meanings, see number 1440. ... Events February 22 - King Charles VIII of France enters Naples to claim the citys throne. ... Events January 20 - Christian II becomes King of Denmark and Norway. ... Events January 22 - Battle of Ridanieh. ... Events War resumes between Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V. This time Henry VIII of England is allied to the Emperor, while James V of Scotland and Sultan Suleiman I are allied to the French. ... Events January 7 - French troops led by Francis, Duke of Guise take Calais, the last continental possession of England July 13 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines. ... Events April 14 - Battle of Mookerheyde. ... Events January 16 - Grand Duke Ivan IV of Muscovy becomes the first Tsar of Russia. ... Events January 20 - Tidal wave swept along the Bristol Channel, killing 2000 people. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... Events January 1 - In the Gregorian calendar, January 1 is declared as the first day of the year, instead of March 25. ... Events February 13 - Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition. ... Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... Ludovic Lindsay, 16th earl of Crawford (1600–1652) Ludovic Lindsay took part in the strange plot of 1641 called The Incident. ... // Events April 6 - Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape Town. ... Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. ... Events August 10 - Treaty of Nijmegen ends the Dutch War. ... // Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... Events January 4 - Palace of Whitehall in London is destroyed by fire. ... John Lindsay, 19th Earl of Crawford and 3rd Earl of Lindsay (d. ... // Events April 11 - War of the Spanish Succession: Treaty of Utrecht June 23 - French residents of Acadia given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia Canada first Orrery built by George Graham Ongoing events Great Northern War (1700-1721) War of the Spanish Succession (1702-1713... Events March 8 - William III died; Princess Anne Stuart becomes Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ... Events February 16 - Louis XV of France attains his majority Births February 24 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1758 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1752 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1869 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1812 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Link title1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... David Alexander Edward Lindsay, 27th Earl of Crawford, 10th Earl of Balcarres (1871-1940) was a British Conservative politician. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1900 is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... Robert Alexander Lindsay (b. ... 1927 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Earl of Crawford - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (655 words)
The title Earl of Crawford is one of the most ancient extant titles in the British Isles, having been created in the Peerage of Scotland for Sir David Lindsay in 1398.
It was held that the seventh Earl's father, the sixth Earl, was the lawful successor to the earldom of Crawford (though he did not claim it); therefore, the sixth Earl of Balcarres was posthumously declared the twenty-third Earl of Crawford, and his son, the seventh Earl of Balcarres, became the twenty-fourth Earl of Crawford.
George Lindsay, 22nd Earl of Crawford, 6th Earl of Lindsay (1758-1808) (dormant 1808; last male line descendant of 1st Earl of Lindsay, Earldom of Lindsay passed(according to Lords decision in 1878) to a kinsman of 1st Earl of Lindsay and that of Crawford reverted to senior surviving line, as determined 1848)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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