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Encyclopedia > Earl Warren

For the swing saxophonist and occasional singer, see Earle Warren Swing music, also known as swing jazz, is a form of jazz music that developed during the 1920s and had solidified as a distinctive style by 1935 in the United States. ... Earle Warren (1914-1995) was an alto saxophonist and occasional singer with Count Basie. ...

Earl Warren


In office
October 5, 1953 – June 23, 1969
Nominated by Dwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded by Fred M. Vinson
Succeeded by Warren E. Burger

In office
January 4, 1943 – October 5, 1953
Lieutenant(s) Frederick Houser (1943-1947)
Goodwin Knight (1947-1953)
Preceded by Culbert Olson
Succeeded by Goodwin Knight

In office
January 3, 1939 – January 4, 1943
Preceded by Ulysses S. Webb
Succeeded by Robert W. Kenny

Born March 19, 1891
Flag of California Los Angeles, California
Died July 9, 1974 (aged 83)
Flag of Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C.
Spouse Nina Palmquist Meyers
Alma mater University of California, Berkeley
Religion Protestant

Earl Warren (March 19, 1891July 9, 1974) was a California district attorney of Alameda County, the 20th Attorney General of California, the 30th Governor of California, and the 14th Chief Justice of the United States (from 1953 to 1969). As Chief Justice, his term of office was marked by numerous rulings affecting, among other things, the legal status of racial segregation, civil rights, separation of church and state, and police arrest procedure in the United States. In the years that followed, the Warren Court became recognized as a high point in the use of the judicial power in the effort to effect social change in the U.S. and Warren himself became widely regarded as one of the most influential Supreme Court justices in the history of the United States and perhaps the single most important in the 20th century. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (620x773, 76 KB)Undated photograph of Chief Justice of the United States Earl Warren. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Chief Justice of the United States is the head of the judicial branch... is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Dwight David Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American General and politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953–1961). ... Frederick Moore Vinson (January 22, 1890 – September 8, 1953) served the United States in all three branches of government. ... Warren Earl Burger (September 17, 1907 – June 25, 1995) was Chief Justice of the United States from 1969 to 1986. ... Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (left) and Governor Gray Davis (right) with President George W. Bush in 2003 The Governor of California is the highest executive authority in the state government, whose responsibilities include making yearly State of the State addresses to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Frederick Francis Houser served as the Republican Lieutenant Governors of California under governor Earl Warren between 1943 and 1947. ... Goodwin Jess Knight (December 9, 1896 - May 22, 1970) was a U.S. politician who was the 31st Governor of California from 1953 until 1959. ... Culbert Levy Olson (November 7, 1876 – April 13, 1962) was an American politician and governor of California. ... Goodwin Jess Knight (December 9, 1896 - May 22, 1970) was a U.S. politician who was the 31st Governor of California from 1953 until 1959. ... The duty of California Attorney General is to ensure that the laws of the state are uniformly and adequately enforced (California Constitution, Article V, Section 13. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ulysses S. Webb (1864 - July 31, 1947) 19th Attorney General of California. ... Robert Walker Kenny (1901 - 1976) was the 21st Attorney General of California. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_California. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State California County Los Angeles County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Washington,_D.C..svg The flag of Washington, D.C. It is from openclipart. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - D.C. Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... A district attorney at the county level in the United States is the prosecutor for a county or local judicial district. ... Official website: http://www. ... The duty of California Attorney General is to ensure that the laws of the state are uniformly and adequately enforced (California Constitution, Article V, Section 13. ... Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (left) and Governor Gray Davis (right) with President George W. Bush in 2003 The Governor of California is the highest executive authority in the state government, whose responsibilities include making yearly State of the State addresses to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Chief Justice of the United States is the head of the judicial branch... The Rex Theatre for Colored People Racial segregation is characterized by separation of different races in daily life, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in the rental or purchase of a home[1]. Segregation... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... Constantines Conversion, depicting the conversion of Emperor Constantine the Great to Christianity, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... Earl Warren Earl Warren (March 19, 1891 – July 9, 1974) was a California district attorney and 30th Governor of California, but is best known as the 14th Chief Justice of the United States from 1953-1969. ... The judiciary, also referred to as the judicature, consists of justices, judges and magistrates among other types of adjudicators. ...


He also chaired the Warren Commission, which was formed to investigate the John F. Kennedy assassination. Warren Commission report cover page The Presidents Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy, known unofficially as The Warren Commission, was established on November 29, 1963, by Lyndon B. Johnson to investigate the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. ... President Kennedy with his wife, Jacqueline, and Texas Governor John Connally in the presidential limousine just moments before his assassination The assassination of John F. Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States, took place on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, USA at 12:30 p. ...

Contents

Education and early career

Earl Warren was born in Los Angeles, California, to Methias H. Warren, a Norwegian immigrant, and Crystal Hernlund, a Swedish immigrant. Methias Warren was a longtime employee of the Southern Pacific Railroad. Earl grew up in Bakersfield, California where he attended Washington Junior High and Kern County High School (now called Bakersfield High School). It was in Bakersfield that Warren's father was murdered during a robbery by an unknown killer. Warren went on to attend the University of California, Berkeley, both as an undergraduate (B.A. 1912) in Legal Studies and as a law student at Boalt Hall earning his JD in 1914. While at Berkeley, Warren joined the Sigma Phi Society, a fraternal organization with which he maintained lifelong ties. He was also a member of the secretive Gun Club. Warren was admitted to the California bar in 1914. Many buildings and schools have been named in Warren's honor, including Warren Hall on the Bakersfield High School campus, Warren Hall on the UC Berkeley campus, Earl Warren Junior High in Bakersfield, and Earl Warren Middle School in Solana Beach, California. Earl Warren Elementary School in Lake Elsinore, CA opened its doors Aug. 20, 2007. Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks SP) was an American railroad. ... Nickname: Location of Bakersfield, California Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Kern County Founded 1869 Government  - Mayor Harvey Hall Area  - City  131 sq mi (339. ... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... A B.A. issused as a certificate Bachelor of Arts (B.A., BA or A.B.), from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus is an undergraduate bachelors degree awarded for either a course or a program in the liberal arts or the sciences, or both. ... // A law school is an institution where future lawyers obtain legal degrees. ... Boalt Hall The UC Berkeley School of Law, commonly referred to as Boalt Hall, is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley. ... JD is the IATA code for Japan Airlines domestic service JD or jd may also stand for: Juris Doctor, a law degree possessed by most lawyers in the United States of America John Dorian, the fictional lead character of the sitcom Scrubs John Davidson (ice hockey) Former player for the... The Sigma Phi Society, founded on 4 March 1827 on the campus of Union College in Schenectady, New York is the second oldest Greek social fraternal organization in the United States. ... The terms fraternity and sorority (from the Latin words and , meaning brother and sister respectively) may be used to describe many social and charitable organizations, for example the Lions Club, Epsilon Sigma Alpha, Rotary International, Optimist International, or the Shriners. ... The Gun Club is a secret society of students at the University of California, Berkeley School of Law (Boalt Hall). ... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... Nickname: Location of Bakersfield, California Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Kern County Founded 1869 Government  - Mayor Harvey Hall Area  - City  131 sq mi (339. ... Solana Beach is a city located in San Diego County, California. ...


Warren worked a year for the Associated Oil Co. in San Francisco and then joined a private law firm in Oakland named Robinson & Robinson. The younger partner Bestor Robinson, whose father became a California Superior Court Justice, was very active in the Sierra Club and conservationism and was avid rock climber. In August 1917, he enlisted in the US Army for World War I service. Assigned to the 91st Division at Camp Lewis, Washington. 1st Lieutenant Earl Warren was discharged in 1918. He served as a clerk of the Judicial Committee for the 1919 Session of the California State Assembly. (1919 - 1920), deputy city attorney of Oakland. (1920 - 1925), he served as deputy district attorney of Alameda County. At this time Warren came to the attention of powerful Republican, Joseph R. Knowland publisher of the Oakland Tribune. In 1925, Warren was appointed as District Attorney of Alameda County, the incumbent, Ezra Decoto resigned to become Railroad Commissioner. Earl Warren was re-elected to three four-year terms. Serving Alameda County as D.A. (1925 - 1939) As a tough-on-crime District Attorney and reformer who professionalized the DA's office, Warren had a reputation for high-handedness; however, none of his convictions was ever overturned on appeal. [citation needed] This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Oakland is the name of several places in the United States of America: Oakland, Alabama Oakland, California (The best-known city with this name) Oakland, Florida Oakland, Maine Oakland, Maryland Oakland, Michigan Oakland, Missouri Oakland, Nebraska Oakland, New Jersey Oakland, Oklahoma Oakland, Oregon Oakland, Pennsylvania Oakland, Rhode Island Oakland, Tennessee... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The 91st Infantry Division (variously nicknamed as the Pine Tree Division or Wild West Division) is a unit of the United States Army that fought in World War I and World War II. Since 1946, it has been a part of the U.S. Army Reserve. ... Fort Lewis is a census-designated place and U.S. Army post located in Pierce County, Washington, United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Joseph R. Knowland (August 5, 1873 - February 1, 1966) was a United States Representative from California. ... The Oakland Tribune is a daily newspaper published in Oakland, California by the ANG Newspapers, a subsidiary of MediaNews Group. ... A district attorney at the county level in the United States is the prosecutor for a county or local judicial district. ... Official website: http://www. ... Get tough on crime (or simply tough on crime) is a slogan often used by supporters of law and order political platforms. ...


Governor of California

Photo as Governor of California
Photo as Governor of California

Warren became a prominent figure in California and was appointed to the Regents of the University of California while district attorney. In 1939, he became Attorney General of the State of California. He was elected Governor of California in 1942, as a Republican, defeating Democratic incumbent Culbert Olson. California law at the time allowed individuals to run in any primary election they chose. In 1946, attesting to his wide popularity, Warren managed the singular feat of winning the Republican, Democratic, and Progressive primary elections and thus ran virtually unopposed in the 1946 general election. He was elected to a third term (as a Republican) in 1950. He is the only Governor of California to have been elected to three terms of office. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1165x1506, 306 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Earl Warren Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1165x1506, 306 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Earl Warren Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... The Regents of the University of California make up the governing board of the University of California. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The California Attorney General is the State Attorney General of the government of the state of California in the USA. The officers duty is to ensure that the laws of the state are uniformly and adequately enforced (California Constitution, Article V, Section 13. ... Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (left) and Governor Gray Davis (right) with President George W. Bush in 2003 The Governor of California is the highest executive authority in the state government, whose responsibilities include making yearly State of the State addresses to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Culbert Levy Olson (November 7, 1876 – April 13, 1962) was an American politician and governor of California. ... A primary election is an election in which voters in a jurisdiction select candidates for a subsequent election (nominating primary). ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... The United States Progressive Party of 1924 was a national ticket created by Robert M. La Follette, Sr. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


As with his predecessor Olson, Warren's governorship was initially marked by his support for the internment of Japanese and Americans of Japanese descent during World War II. However, it was also marked by laying the infrastructure to support a two-decade boom that lasted from the end of World War II until the mid-1960s. In particular, Warren and University of California President Robert G. Sproul presided over construction of a large public university system that provided education to two generations of Californians. Japanese internment is a term generally used to refer to one or both of the following events: Japanese American internment – the internment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II. Japanese Canadian internment – the internment of Japanese Canadians in Canada during World War II. Categories: | ... Serving from 1999 to 2003, Army General Eric Shinseki of Hawaii became the first Asian American military chief of staff. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ...


Warren ran for Vice President of the United States in 1948 on a ticket with Thomas Dewey. They lost narrowly to Harry Truman and Alben Barkley. Seal of the office of the Vice-President of the United States The Vice President of the United States is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the President. ... Thomas Edmund Dewey (b. ... For the victim of Mt. ... Alben William Barkley (November 24, 1877–April 30, 1956) was a Representative and a Senator from Kentucky and the thirty_fifth Vice President of the United States. ...


Supreme Court

Earl Warren
Earl Warren

In 1953, Warren was appointed Chief Justice of the United States by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who wanted a very conservative justice and commented that "he represents the kind of political, economic, and social thinking that I believe we need on the Supreme Court…[H]e has a national name for integrity, uprightness, and courage that, again, I believe we need on the Court."[1] Warren resigned from the governorship shortly afterwards, replaced by Lieutenant Governor Goodwin Knight. Democrats claimed it was political payback. Governor Warren in 1946 appointed William F. Knowland to the US Senate. Joseph R. Knowland and the Oakland Tribune supported the political career of Warren. Image File history File links EarlWarren. ... Image File history File links EarlWarren. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Chief Justice of the United States is the head of the judicial branch... For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Dwight David Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American General and politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953–1961). ... The Lieutenant Governor of California is a statewide constitutional officer elected separately from the Governor that serves as the vice-executive of California. ... Goodwin Jess Knight (December 9, 1896 - May 22, 1970) was a U.S. politician who was the 31st Governor of California from 1953 until 1959. ... William Fife Knowland (June 26, 1908 – February 23, 1974) was a U.S. politician and newpaperman. ... Joseph R. Knowland (August 5, 1873 - February 1, 1966) was a United States Representative from California. ... The Oakland Tribune is a daily newspaper published in Oakland, California by the ANG Newspapers, a subsidiary of MediaNews Group. ...


Warren's nomination was caused in part by his support for Eisenhower in the 1952 campaign, although whether an explicit deal was ever in place is not known. Warren stood as a "favorite son" candidate of California for the Republican nomination in 1952 but withdrew in support of Eisenhower. Warren also provided crucial campaigning service to Eisenhower in California after Vice Presidential Candidate Richard Nixon was weakened by controversy over an alleged "slush fund." Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ...


To the surprise of many, Warren was a much more liberal justice than had been anticipated. As a result, President Eisenhower is perhaps apocryphally said to have remarked that nominating Warren for the Chief Justice seat was "the biggest damned-fool mistake I ever made."[2] Warren was able to craft a long series of landmark decisions including Brown v. Board of Education 347 U.S. 483 (1954), which overthrew the segregation of public schools; the "one man, one vote" cases of 1962–1964, which dramatically altered the relative power of rural regions in many states; Hernandez v. Texas, which gave Mexican-Americans the right to serve on juries; and Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966), which required that certain rights of a person being interrogated while in police custody be clearly explained, including the right to an attorney (often called the "Miranda warning"). Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... Holding Segregation of students in public schools violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, because separate facilities are inherently unequal. ... The Rex Theatre for Colored People Racial segregation is characterized by separation of different races in daily life, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in the rental or purchase of a home[1]. Segregation... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... OMOV, an acronym standing for one man, one vote, is a term used to support an overturning of decades of malapportioned legislative districts in the United States. ... Hernandez v. ... Mexican Americans are citizens of the United States of Mexican ancestry. ... Holding The Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination requires law enforcement officials to advise a suspect interrogated in custody of his rights to remain silent and to obtain an attorney. ... An attorney is someone who represents someone else in the transaction of business: For attorney-at-law, see lawyer, solicitor, barrister or civil law notary. ... The Miranda warning is a police warning that is given to criminal suspects in police custody or in a custodial situation in the United States before they are asked questions relating to the commission of a crime. ...


At the direct request of President Lyndon Johnson Warren headed what became known as the Warren Commission to investigate the circumstances of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. The Commission eventually concluded that the assassination was the result of a single individual, Lee Harvey Oswald, acting alone. The Commission's findings have long been controversial.[3] Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... Warren Commission report cover page The Presidents Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy, known unofficially as The Warren Commission, was established on November 29, 1963, by Lyndon B. Johnson to investigate the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. ... President Kennedy with his wife, Jacqueline, and Texas Governor John Connally in the presidential limousine just moments before his assassination The assassination of John F. Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States, took place on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, USA at 12:30 p. ... Lee Harvey Oswald (October 18, 1939 – November 24, 1963) was, according to two United States government investigations, the assassin of U.S. President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. ...


After the assassination of Robert Kennedy in 1968 Warren announced that due to his advanced age, he would be retiring from the court, effective upon his successor's confirmation. Although Warren denied it, this was seen by observers as a preemptive move by Warren to keep Richard Nixon from naming his successor; he believed Nixon would win the presidency after Kennedy's death. Warren and Nixon had a tense relationship after Warren declined to endorse Nixon during his first campaign for Congress in 1946. This tension gave way to animosity starting in 1952 at the Republican Convention where Warren was a candidate; Warren believed Nixon undermined his nomination. Robert Kennedy Robert Francis Bobby Kennedy, also called RFK (November 20, 1925–June 6, 1968) was the younger brother of President John F. Kennedy, and was appointed by his brother as Attorney General for his administration. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ...


Johnson nominated Abe Fortas, but after his confirmation hearing went badly Fortas was forced to withdraw his nomination. As a result, Warren was forced to stay on as Chief Justice. Both he and Fortas returned to the court for the 1969 session as a result. Warren swore in Nixon as President. Nixon then nominated Warren Earl Burger—a man Warren did not hold in high regard—to replace Earl Warren as Chief Justice.[4] Abe Fortas (June 19, 1910–April 5, 1982) was a U.S. Supreme Court associate justice. ... Warren Burger at a press conference in May 1969 shortly after he was nominated to be Chief Justice of the United States. ...


Warren retired from the Supreme Court in 1969. He was affectionately known by many as the "Superchief," although he became a lightning rod for controversy among conservatives: signs declaring "Impeach Earl Warren" could be seen around the country throughout the 1960s. The unsuccessful impeachment drive was a major focus of the John Birch Society.[5] In 1977, Fourth College, one of the six undergraduate colleges at the University of California, San Diego, was renamed Earl Warren College in his honor. A middle school in Solana Beach, California, high schools in San Antonio, Texas (Earl Warren High School) and Downey, California, and a building at the high school he attended (Bakersfield High School) are named for him, as are the showgrounds in Santa Barbara, California. The freeway portion of California State Route 13 in Alameda County is the Warren Freeway. Ths article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body formally levels charges against a high official of government. ... The John Birch Society is a conservative American exceptionalist organization founded in 1958 to fight what it saw as growing threats to the Constitution of the United States, especially a suspected communist infiltration of the United States government, and to support free enterprise. ... In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... The University of California, San Diego (popularly known as UCSD) is a public, coeducational university located in La Jolla, California. ... Earl Warren College is one of the six undergraduate colleges at the University of California at San Diego and is named after the three term California Governor and former Chief Justice of the United States Earl Warren. ... Solana Beach is a city located in San Diego County, California. ... Earl Warren High School is located in San Antonio, Texas. ... A view from the science building looking out on Griffith Field Bakersfield High School (BHS) is a high school located in Bakersfield, California, USA. First founded in 1893 as Kern County High School, changed to Kern County Union High School in 1915, and finally to Bakersfield High School in 1945. ... Interstate 80 (Eastshore Freeway) in Berkeley, California: a typical American freeway (MUTCD definition) A freeway, also known as a highway, superhighway, autoroute, autobahn, autostrada, dual carriageway, expressway, Autosnelweg or motorway, depending on the country of discussion, is a type of road designed for safer high-speed operation of motor vehicles... JUNCTION POSTMILE SR-61 ALA 0. ...


As Chief Justice, he swore in Presidents Eisenhower (second term), Kennedy, Johnson (full term) and Nixon (first term).


Family

Warren was married to a young widow born in Sweden named Nina Palmquist Meyers. They married on October 4, 1925 and had 6 children. Mrs. Warren died in Washington D.C. at age 100 on April 24, 1993. Warren is the father of Virginia Warren, who married veteran radio and television newsman and host of What's My Line?, John Charles Daly, on December 22, 1960. They had three children, two boys and a girl. Whats My Line? was a weekly panel game show originally produced by Mark Goodson and Bill Todman for CBS television. ... John Charles Daly on Whats My Line? John Charles Daly (full given name John Charles Patrick Croghan Daly, generally known as John Daly, February 20, 1914 – February 24, 1991), a native of Johannesburg, South Africa, was a journalist, game show host, radio personality, actor, and author. ... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Death

Five and a half years after his retirement, Warren died in Washington, DC, on July 9, 1974. The Earl Warren Bill of Rights Project is named in his honor. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1981. Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... ... The Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States and is bestowed by the President of the United States (the other award which is considered its equivalent is the Congressional Gold Medal, which is bestowed by an...


An extensive collection of Warren's papers, including case files from his Supreme Court service, is located at the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress in Washington, DC. Most of the collection is open for research. The Library of Congress is the de facto national library of the United States and the research arm of the United States Congress. ...


Honors

On August 20, 2007, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver announced that Earl Warren will be inducted into the California Hall of Fame this December 5, 2007 located at The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts in Sacramento. Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German pronunciation (IPA): ) (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ... Maria Owings Shriver (pronounced: ) (born November 6, 1955[1] in Chicago, Illinois) is an American journalist and the wife of California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and as such, the current First Lady of California. ... Conceived by First Lady Maria Shriver, the California Hall of Fame was established with The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts to honor legendary individuals and families who embody California’s innovative spirit and have made their mark on history. ... The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts – home of the California Hall of Fame – is housed in the State Archives Building in Sacramento, one block from the State Capitol. ...


Quotations

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Earl Warren
  • "Legislators represent people, not trees or acres. Legislators are elected by voters, not farms or cities or economic interests." From Reynolds v. Sims, on the subject of State Senate apportionment.
  • "Implicit in the term 'national defense' is the notion of defending those values and ideals which set this Nation apart. For almost two centuries, our country has taken singular pride in the democratic ideals enshrined in its Constitution, and the most cherished of those ideals have found expression in the First Amendment. It would indeed be ironic if, in the name of national defense, we would sanction the subversion of one of those liberties - the freedom of association - which makes the defense of the Nation worthwhile." United States v. Robel (1967)
  • "I always turn to the sports section first. The sports section records people's accomplishments; the front page nothing but man's failures." From Sports Illustrated, July 22, 1968
  • "The only reason that there has been no sabotage or espionage on the part of Japanese-Americans is that they are waiting for the right moment to strike." Testimony before Congress on the Internment of people of Japanese Ancestry (1941)[cite this quote]
  • "I have since deeply regretted the removal order and my own testimony advocating it, because it was not in keeping with our American concept of freedom and the rights of citizens. Whenever I thought of the innocent little children who were torn from home, school friends and congenial surroundings, I was conscience-stricken." Remarking on his past advocacy on Japanese internment in his autobiography

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... Reynolds v. ... Any activity or effort performed to protect a nation against attack or other threats. ... Holding The United States government cannot deprive the people of constitutional rights, even in the interests of national security Court membership Chief Justice: Earl Warren Associate Justices: Hugo Black, William O. Douglas, John Marshall Harlan II, William J. Brennan, Potter Stewart, Byron White, Abe Fortas, Thurgood Marshall Case opinions Majority... The first issue of Sports Illustrated, August 16, 1954, showing Milwaukee Braves star Eddie Mathews at bat in Milwaukee County Stadium. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Interesting Facts

Earl Warren was a freemason, a member, and Past Master of The Sequoia Lodge #349 in Oakland, California. The Sequoia Lodge consolidated with Pleasanton Lodge, No. 321, F.& AM in Pleasanton, CA. Pleasanton Lodge No. 321 American Square & Compasses Freemasonry is a worldwide fraternal organization. ...


In 1936, Warren dedicated the Alameda County Court House at 12th and Fallon Streets in Oakland. Warren wore his full Masonic regalia. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


He served in the capacity of Grand Master from 1935 to 1936 for the Grand Lodge of California.


In the Oliver Stone motion picture JFK, he was played by Jim Garrison who ironically was known as a severe critic of Warren Commission led by him. JFK redirects here. ... Earling Carothers Jim Garrison (November 20, 1921 - October 21, 1992) — who changed his first name to simply Jim in the early 60s — was the Democratic District Attorney of Orleans Parish, Louisiana from 1962 to 1973; he is best known for his investigations into the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. ... Warren Commission report cover page The Presidents Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy, known unofficially as The Warren Commission, was established on November 29, 1963, by Lyndon B. Johnson to investigate the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. ...


In Harry Turtledove's Colonization book series, Warren serves as President of the United States in the 1960s.


In an episode of The Simpsons, Homer Simpson mistakenly thought that Warren was also a stripper. Simpsons redirects here. ... Homer Jay Simpson is a fictional character in the animated television series The Simpsons, and he is voiced by Dan Castellaneta. ...


See also

  • United States Supreme Court cases during the Warren Court

This is a chronological list of notable cases decided by the United States Supreme Court during the tenure of Chief Justice Earl Warren (5 October 1953 through 23 June 1969). ...

References

  • Newton, Jim (2006). Justice for All: Earl Warren and the Nation He Made. Riverhead Hardcover. ISBN 1594489289.
  • Warren, Earl (2001). The Memoirs of Chief Justice Earl Warren. Madison Books. ISBN 1568332343.
  • Cray, Ed (1997). Chief Justice: A Biography of Earl Warren. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0684808528.
  • Melendy, H. Brett and Gilbert, Benjamin F. (1965) The Governors of California.
  • Conmy, Peter T. (1961) The Beginnings of Oakland California.

Notes

  1. ^ Personal and confidential To Milton Stover Eisenhower, 9 October 1953. In The Papers of Dwight David Eisenhower, ed. L. Galambos and D. van Ee, doc. 460. World Wide Web facsimile by The Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission of the print edition; Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996. Accessed 12 October, 2005
  2. ^ Whitman (July 10, 1974). "For 16 Years, Warren Saw the Constitution as Protector of Rights and Equality", p. 24. New York Times.
  3. ^ Earl Warren was portrayed by real life New Orleans district attorney Jim Garrison in JFK, the Oliver Stone film about the assassination and Garrison's investigation of it.
  4. ^ Jim Newton, Justice for All: Earl Warren and the Nation He Made
  5. ^ Political Research Associates, "John Birch Society"

is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Earling Carothers Jim Garrison (November 20, 1921 - October 21, 1992) — who changed his first name to simply Jim in the early 60s — was the Democratic District Attorney of Orleans Parish, Louisiana from 1962 to 1973; he is best known for his investigations into the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. ... JFK is a film, first released in Canada and the United States on December 20, 1991, which purports to tell the history of the President of the United States John F. Kennedys assassination. ... William Oliver Stone (born September 15, 1946), known simply as Oliver Stone, is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film director and screenwriter. ...

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Ulysses S. Webb
California Attorney General
1939–1943
Succeeded by
Robert W. Kenny
Preceded by
Culbert Olson
Governor of California
1943–1953
Succeeded by
Goodwin Knight
Preceded by
John W. Bricker
Republican Party Vice Presidential nominees
1948 (lost)
Succeeded by
Richard Nixon
Preceded by
Fred M. Vinson
Chief Justice of the United States
October 5, 1953June 23, 1969
Succeeded by
Warren E. Burger
The Warren Court Seal of the U.S. Supreme Court
1953–1954: H. Black | S.F. Reed | F. Frankfurter | Wm. O. Douglas | R.H. Jackson | H.H. Burton | T.C. Clark | S. Minton
1955–1956: H. Black | S.F. Reed | F. Frankfurter | Wm. O. Douglas | H.H. Burton | T.C. Clark | S. Minton | J.M. Harlan II
1956–1957: H. Black | S.F. Reed | F. Frankfurter | Wm. O. Douglas | H.H. Burton | T.C. Clark | J.M. Harlan II | Wm. J. Brennan
1957–1958: H. Black | F. Frankfurter | Wm. O. Douglas | H.H. Burton | T.C. Clark | J.M. Harlan II | Wm. J. Brennan | C.E. Whittaker
1958–1962: H. Black | F. Frankfurter | Wm. O. Douglas | T.C. Clark | J.M. Harlan II | Wm. J. Brennan | C.E. Whittaker | P. Stewart
1962–1965: H. Black | Wm. O. Douglas | T.C. Clark | J.M. Harlan II | Wm. J. Brennan | P. Stewart | B. White | A.J. Goldberg
1965–1967: H. Black | Wm. O. Douglas | T.C. Clark | J.M. Harlan II | Wm. J. Brennan | P. Stewart | B. White | A. Fortas
1967–1969: H. Black | Wm. O. Douglas | J.M. Harlan II | Wm. J. Brennan | P. Stewart | B. White | A. Fortas | T. Marshall

  Results from FactBites:
 
Earl Warren - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1307 words)
Earl Warren (March 19, 1891 – July 9, 1974) was a California district attorney of Alameda County, the 30th Governor of California, and the 14th Chief Justice of the United States (from 1953 to 1969).
Earl Warren was born in Los Angeles, California, to Matt Warren, a Norwegian immigrant, and Christine "Chrystal" Hernlund, a Swedish immigrant.
Matt Warren was a longtime employee of the Southern Pacific Railroad.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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