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Encyclopedia > Earl Hines
Earl Hines
Photo of musician Earl Hines (with Pvt. Charles Carpenter) during World War II
Photo of musician Earl Hines (with Pvt. Charles Carpenter) during World War II
Background information
Born December 28, 1903(1903-12-28)
Flag of the United States Duquesne, Pennsylvania
Died April 23, 1983 (aged 79)
Flag of the United States Oakland, California
Genre(s) Swing, Big band music, Classic jazz
Notable instrument(s)

Earl Kenneth Hines, universally known as Earl "Fatha" Hines, (28 December 1903[1] Duquesne, Pennsylvania22 April 1983 in Oakland, California) was one of the most important pianists in the history of jazz. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Duquesne is a city located in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... “Oakland” redirects here. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Musically, swing can be either: (written with small s) the rhythmic feeling evoked by swinging music, esp. ... A big band, also known as a jazz orchestra, is a large musical ensemble that plays jazz music, especially Swing. ... A short grand piano, with the top up. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Duquesne is a city located in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... “Oakland” redirects here. ... This article deals with those who play the piano. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ...


Early life

Earl Hines was born in the Pittsburgh suburb of Duquesne, Pennsylvania. His father was a cornetist and leader of Pittsburgh's Eureka Brass Band[2], his stepmother a church organist.[3] Hines at first intended to follow his father's example and play cornet but "blowing" hurt him behind the ears — while the piano didn't.[4][5] He took classical piano lessons but also developed an ear for popular show tunes and was able to remember and play songs he heard in theaters.[6] Hines claimed that he was playing piano around Pittsburgh "before the word 'jazz' was even invented"[citation needed]. Pittsburgh redirects here. ... Duquesne is a city located in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. ... Bâ™­ cornet The cornet is a brass instrument that closely resembles the trumpet. ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... An organist is a musician who plays any type of organ. ...

Early career

At the age of 17, Hines moved away from home to take a job playing with Lois Deppe & his Serenaders in the "Liederhaus", a Pittsburgh nightclub, for 2 meals a day and $15 a week.[7][8]. Deppe was a well-known baritone who had boasted a concert career. Hines' first recordings were with this band — four sides recorded with Gennett Records in 1923.[9] Only two of these were issued, and only one, a Hines composition, "Congaine", "a keen snappy foxtrot"[10], featured any solo work by Hines. Hines entered the studio again with Deppe a month later, recording spirituals and popular songs. In 1925 he moved to Chicago, Illinois, then the world's "jazz" capital, home (at the time) to Jelly Roll Morton and King Oliver. He played piano with Carroll Dickerson's band (including a nationwide tour on the Pantages circuit) and made his first acquaintance with Louis Armstrong. Gennett (pronounced with a soft G) was a United States based record label which flourished in the 1920s. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... Morton in the 1920s Ferdinand Jelly Roll Morton September 20, 1890 - July 10, 1941) was an American virtuoso pianist, bandleader and composer who some call the first true composer of jazz music. ... Joe King Oliver, (December 19, 1885 - April 8, 1938) was a bandleader and jazz musician. ... Carroll Dickerson (c. ... Louis[1] Armstrong[2] (4 August 1901[3] – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo[4] and Pops, was an American jazz musician. ...

Armstrong and Hines became good friends and got jobs playing together in Dickerson's band at the Sunset Cafe. In 1927 this became Louis Armstrong's band under the direction of Hines.[11] Armstrong had already been astounded by Hines's avant-garde "trumpet-style" piano-playing, often using dazzlingly fast octaves so that on none-too-perfect upright pianos (and with no amplification) "they could hear me out front" - and indeed they could[12][13]. That year Armstrong revamped his Okeh Records recording band, "Louis Armstrong's Hot Five", and replaced his wife Lil Hardin Armstrong on piano with Hines. Armstrong and Hines then recorded what are often regarded as some of the most important jazz records ever made, most famously their 1928 trumpet and piano duet Weatherbird. From The Penguin Guide to Jazz on CD: [14] Okeh Records began as an independent record label based in the United States of America in 1918; from the late 1920s on was a subsidiary of Columbia Records. ... Lil Hardin Armstrong (February 3, 1898 - August 27, 1971) was a jazz pianist, composer, arranger, singer, and bandleader, and the second wife of Louis Armstrong with whom she collaborated on many recordings in the 1920s. ...

...with Earl Hines arriving on piano, Armstrong was already approaching the stature of a concerto soloist, a role he would play more or less throughout the next decade, which makes these final small-group sessions something like a reluctant farewell to jazz's first golden age. Since Hines is also magnificent on these discs (and their insouciant exuberance is a marvel on the duet showstopper "Weather Bird") the results seem like eavesdropping on great men speaking almost quietly among themselves. There is nothing in jazz finer or more moving than the playing on "West End Blues", "Tight Like This", "Beau Koo Jack" & "Muggles".

Hines's solo recordings from that year, 57 Varieties (referring to Pittsburgh's H. J. Heinz Company's slogan) and his own composition My Monday Date (an inside joke between Hines, Armstrong, and Armstrong's wife) provided titles reused much later in Hines's career.[15] After the Sunset Club closed, Armstrong and drummer Zutty Singleton ended up at the Savoy Theatre while Hines was in New York, and when he returned to Chicago, Hines ended up in Jimmie Noone's band at the Apex Club.[16] H. J. Heinz Company (NYSE: HNZ), commonly known as Heinz, famous for its 57 Varieties slogan, is a processed food product company with its headquarters in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in the United States of America. ... Arthur James Singleton, much better known as Zutty Singleton (14 May 1898 - 14 July 1975) was a United States jazz drummer. ... The Savoy Ballroom in Chicago was opened on Thanksgiving Eve, November 23, 1927 at 4733 South Parkway. ... Jimmie Noone (sometimes spelled Jimmy Noone) (April 23, 1895 – April 19, 1944) was an early jazz clarinetist. ...

Chicago years

In 1928 (and on his 25th birthday) the always-immaculate Hines began leading his own 'big band', the pinnacle of jazz ambition at the time. For over 10 years his was "The Band" in Al Capone's Grand Terrace Cafe — Hines was Capone's "Mr Piano Man". Hines recorded for Victor in 1929, then after a gap for Brunswick from 1932-1934, Decca from 1934-1935, then after another gap, Vocalion from 1937-1938 and Bluebird from 1939-1942 (nearly all among the best Black Jazz of the era). From the Grand Terrace, The Earl Hines Orchestra (or "Organization" as he more happily referred to it) broadcast on "open mikes", sometimes seven nights a week and over many years, coast to coast across America — Chicago being well placed to deal with the U.S. live-broadcasting time-zone problem. Hines's band became the most broadcast band in America. Among his listeners was a young Jay McShann in Kansas City who said his "...real education came from Earl Hines. When 'Fatha' went off the air, I went to bed”. [17] Sometimes Nat "King" Cole[18] was Hines's relief pianist (though Cliff Smalls was his favorite) and it was here with Hines that Charlie Parker got his first professional job...until he was fired for his time-keeping — by which Hines meant Parker's inability to show up on time despite Parker resorting to sleeping under the Grand Terrace stage in his attempts to do so. It was during the 1940s (especially during the 1942-1945 recording ban) that members of the Hines' band's late-night jam-sessions laid the seeds for the upcoming Bebop revolution.

Hines led his big band until 1947, taking time out to front the Duke Ellington orchestra in 1944 while Duke was ill...but the big-band era was over. (Thirty years later, Hines's 20 solo "transformative versions" of his "Earl Hines Plays Duke Ellington" recorded in the 1970s were described by Ben Ratliff in the "New York Times" as "as good an example of the jazz process as anything out there".[19]) Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s, although there are many big-bands around nowadays. ... “Capone” redirects here. ... Victor is a Latin name that means conqueror. Its a first name normally given to boys. ... Braunschweig may also refer to the administrative region of Germany. ... It has been suggested that Decca Music Group be merged into this article or section. ... 1921 Vocalion label Vocalion Records was a record label historically active in the United States and in the United Kingdom. ... Species Sialia sialis Sialia mexicana Sialia currucoides Mountain Bluebird Western Bluebird The bluebirds are medium-sized, mostly insectivorous or omnivorous birds in the genus Sialia of the thrush family Turdidae. ... James Columbus (Jay or Hootie) McShann (born in 1909 or January 12, 1916) is an American blues and Swing pianist, bandleader, and singer. ... Nat King Cole in The Blue Gardenia (1953) Nat King Cole (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965) was a hugely popular American singer and jazz musician. ... Charles Bird Parker, Jr. ... A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s, although there are many big-bands around nowadays. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the American Jazz composer and performer. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


At the start of 1949 Hines rejoined Armstrong (rather, he came to feel, as a "sideman") in Armstrong's "small band", the "All Stars" (most of whom had been famous big-band leaders), and stayed, now not entirely happily, through 1951. Next, as leader again, he took his own small combos around the States and Europe but, at the start of the jazz-lean 1960s and old enough now to retire and take up bowling[20], he settled "home" in Oakland, California, opened a tobacconist's, and came close to giving up the profession. Then, in 1964 (and thanks to Stanley Dance, his determined friend and unofficial "manager"), Hines was "suddenly rediscovered" following a series of "recitals" at The Little Theatre in New York that Dance had "bullied" him into. They were the first piano "recitals" Hines - always thinking of himself as "just a band pianist"[21] - had ever given. The "recitals" caused a sensation. "What is there left to hear after you've heard Earl Hines?", asked the New York Times.[22] Hines then won the 1966 "International Critics Poll" for Down Beat Magazine's "Hall of Fame". Down Beat also elected him the world's "No 1 Jazz Pianist" in 1966 (and were to do so again five further times). Jazz Journal awarded his LP's of the year first and second in their overall poll and first, second and third in their piano category[23]. Jazz voted him "Jazzman of the Year", voted him their no. 1 and no. 2 in their piano recordings category and he was on Johnny Carson's and Mike Douglas' TV shows. From then until he died twenty years later Hines recorded endlessly both solo and with jazz notables like Cat Anderson, Harold Ashby, Barney Bigard, Lawrence Brown, Jaki Byard (they recorded duets in 1972), Benny Carter, Buck Clayton, Cozy Cole, Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis, Vic Dickenson, Roy Eldridge, Duke Ellington (duets in 1966), Ella Fitzgerald, Panama Francis, Bud Freeman, Dizzie Gillespie, Paul Gonsalves, Stephane Grappelli, Sonny Greer, Lionel Hampton, Coleman Hawkins, Johnny Hodges, Budd Johnson, Jonah Jones, Gene Krupa, Ellis Larkins, Marian McPartland (duets in 1970), Ray Nance, Oscar Peterson (duets in 1968), Russell Procope, Pee Wee Russell, Jimmy Rushing, Stuff Smith, Rex Stewart, Maxine Sullivan, Buddy Tate, Jack Teagarden, Clark Terry, Sarah Vaughan, Joe Venuti, Earle Warren, Ben Webster, Teddy Wilson (duets in 1965 & 1970), Jimmy Witherspoon, Jimmy Woode and Lester Young. Possibly more surprising were Alvin Batiste, Teresa Brewer, Elvin Jones, Etta Jones, The Inkspots, Peggy Lee, Helen Merrill, Charles Mingus, Vi Redd, Dinah Washington—and "Ditty Wah Ditty" and "The Pearls" with Ry Cooder. But his most acclaimed recordings of this period were his dazzling and endlessly inventive solo performances, which could show him at his very best, "a whole orchestra by himself".[24] Whitney Balliett wrote of his solo recordings and performances of this time: Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... “Oakland” redirects here. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Down Beat is an American magazine devoted to jazz. ... Down Beat is an American magazine devoted to jazz. ... William Alonzo Cat Anderson (September 12, 1916 - April 29, 1981) was a jazz trumpet player. ... Harold Ashby (born March 21, 1925 in Kansas City) was a jazz tenor saxophonist. ... Albany Leon Barney Bigard (March 3, 1906 _ June 27, 1980) was an American jazz clarinetist. ... Lawrence Brown (1907-September 5, 1988) was a jazz trombonist from Kansas. ... Jaki Byard (June 15, 1922 - February 11, 1999) was a jazz piano player. ... Bennett Lester Carter (August 8, 1907 – July 12, 2003) was an American jazz alto saxophonist, clarinetist, trumpeter, composer, arranger, and bandleader. ... Buck Clayton (born Wilbur Dorsey Clayton in Parsons, Kansas on November 12, 1911-died in New York City on December 8, 1991) was an American jazz trumpet player, fondly remembered for being a leading member of Count Basie’s Old Testament orchestra and leader of mainstream orientated jam session recordings... Cozy Cole is a well known jazz drummer who had a #1 hit with the song Topsy part 2. The song was a drum solo, and one of the few drum solo recordings that ever made the popular Billboard top 100 charts. ... Edward Davis (March 2, 1922–November 3, 1986), who performed and recorded as Eddie Lockjaw Davis, was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. ... Vic (Victor) Dickenson (August 6, 1906 - November 16, 1984) was an African-American jazz trombonist. ... Roy David Eldridge (January 30, 1911 – February 6, 1989) was a jazz trumpet player in the Swing era. ... This article is about the American Jazz composer and performer. ... Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996), also known as Lady Ella and the First Lady of Song, is considered one of the most influential jazz vocalists of the 20th Century. ... David Panama Francis (born 21 December 1918 in Miami, Florida) is a American jazz drummer. ... Lawrence Bud Freeman (April 13, 1906 - March 15, 1991) was a Chicago born Jazz musician, known mainly for playing the tenor saxophone, but also able at the clarinet. ... John Birks Dizzy Gillespie (October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, singer, and composer. ... Paul Gonsalves (1920-1974), a Brazilian-American jazz tenor saxophonist, was considered one of the best and most tasteful players on his instrument. ... Stephane Grappelli (January 26, 1908 - December 1, 1997) was a pioneer jazz violinist who founded the quintet of the Quintette du Hot Club de France with Django Reinhardt. ... Sonny Greer (1943) Sonny Greer (13 December 1895–23 March 1982) was an American jazz drummer, best known for his work with Duke Ellington. ... Lionel Hampton with George W. Bush Lionel Leo Hampton (April 20, 1908, Louisville, Kentucky – August 31, 2002 New York City), was a jazz bandleader and percussionist. ... Coleman Hawkins Coleman Randolph Hawkins, nicknamed Hawk and sometimes Bean, (November 21, 1901 or 1904 - May 19, 1969) was a prominent jazz tenor saxophone musician. ... Johnny Hodges in concert, Feb. ... Albert J. Johnson(born December 14, 1910 in Dallas, Texas; died October 20, 1984 in Kansas City, Missouri) was a jazz saxophonist and clarinetist best known as a behind-the-scenes player and writer. ... Jonah Jones is also the name of a Welsh author who died in 2004 Jonah Jones(born Robert Elliott Jones on December 31, 1909 in Louisville, Kentucky; died April 29, 2000 in New York City) was a jazz trumpeter who is perhaps best known for making concised versions of jazz... Gene Krupa Gene Krupa (January 15, 1909 – October 16, 1973) was a famous and influential American jazz and big band drummer, known for his highly energetic and flamboyant style. ... Ellis Larkins (May 15, 1923 – September 30, 2002) was an African American jazz pianist, perhaps best known for his two recordings with Ella Fitzgerald, the albums Ella Sings Gershwin and Songs in a Mellow Mood. ... Marian McPartland, born Margaret Marian Turner on March 21, 1918 in England near Slough, Buckinghamshire, is a British jazz pianist. ... Ray Willis Nance (1913 - 1976) was a jazz trumpeter, violinist and singer. ... Oscar Emmanuel Peterson, CC, CQ, O.Ont. ... Russell Procope (11 August 1908–21 January 1981), an American clarinettist and alto saxophonist, was known best for his long tenure in the reed section of Duke Ellingtons orchestra, where he was the sections leader and one of its two signature clarinet soloists. ... Charles Ellsworth Russell, much better known by his nickname Pee Wee Russell, (27 March 1906 - 15 February 1969) was a jazz musician. ... James Andrew (Jimmy) Rushing (August 26, 1901/02/03 - June 8, 1972) was an American blues singer from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. ... Stuff Smith was one of the big three of pre-bop violinists along with Joe Venuti and Stephane Grappelli. ... Rex Stewart (1907–1967) was an American jazz cornetist best known for his work with the Duke Ellington orchestra. ... Maxine Sullivan (May 13, 1911 - April 7, 1987) was an American vocalist. ... George Holmes Tate (born February 22, 1913 in Sherman, Texas and died February 10, 2001 in Chandler, Arizona) was a jazz saxophonist and clarinetist who played tenor saxophone. ... Weldon Leo Jack Teagarden Trombonist (1905-1964) Weldon Leo Jack Teagarden (August 20, 1905 in Vernon, Texas - January 15, 1964) was an influential jazz trombonist and vocalist. ... Clark Terry performs with the Great Lakes Navy Band Jazz Ensemble Clark Terry (born December 14, 1920 in St. ... Sarah Lois Vaughan (nicknamed Sassy and The Divine One) (March 27, 1924, Newark, New Jersey – April 3, 1990, Los Angeles, California) was an American jazz singer, described as one of the greatest singers of the 20th century [1]. // Sarah Vaughans father, Asbury Jake Vaughan, was a carpenter and amateur... Giuseppe (Joe) Venuti (September 16, 1903 – August 14, 1978) was a U.S. jazz musician and violinist. ... Earle Warren (1914-1995) was an alto saxophonist and occasional singer with Count Basie. ... Benjamin Francis Webster (March 27, 1909–September 20, 1973) was an influential American jazz tenor saxophonist. ... Theodore Shaw Teddy Wilson (born November 24, 1912 in Austin, Texas-died July 31, 1986 in New Britain, Connecticut) was a United States jazz pianist. ... Jimmy Witherspoon (August 8, 1920-September 18, 1997) was an American blues singer. ... Jimmy Woode, born Philadelphia 23 September 1926 (or 1927) - died Lindenwold, New Jersey 23 April 2005, was a jazz bassist. ... Lester Young Lester Willis Young (August 27, 1909 – March 15, 1959), nicknamed Prez, was an American jazz tenor saxophonist and clarinetist. ... Alvin Batiste is a jazz/avant garde clarinetist born in New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Teresa Brewer (born as Theresa Breuer, May 7, 1931, Toledo, Ohio – died October 17, 2007, New Rochelle, New York) was an American pop and jazz singer who was one of the most popular female singers of the 1950s. ... Elvin Ray Jones (September 9, 1927 – May 18, 2004) was a jazz drummer. ... Etta Jones (November 25, 1928 – October 16, 2001) was an American jazz singer noted for elegant interpretations of standards, ballads, and blues. ... The Ink Spots were a popular black vocal group that helped define the musical genre that led to rhythm & blues and rock and roll, and the subgenre doo-wop. ... Peggy Lee (May 26, 1920 – January 21, 2002) was an American jazz and traditional pop singer and songwriter and Oscar-nominated performer. ... Helen Merrill as pictured on the cover of her 1954 eponymous debut album Helen Merrill (born Jelena Ana Milcetic on July 21, 1930 in New York City) is an internationally known jazz vocalist. ... Charles Mingus (April 22, 1922 – January 5, 1979) was an American jazz bassist, composer, bandleader, and occasional pianist. ... Dinah Washington (August 29, 1924 – December 14, 1963) was a blues, R&B and jazz singer. ... Ryland Ry Peter Cooder (born 15 March 1947, in Los Angeles, California) is an American guitarist, singer and composer, known for his slide guitar work, his interest in the American roots music and, more recently, for his collaborations with traditional musicians from many countries. ...

Hines will be sixty-seven this year and his style has become involuted, rococo, and subtle to the point of elusiveness. It unfolds in orchestral layers and it demands intense listening. Despite the sheer mass of notes he now uses, his playing is never fatty. Hines may go along like this in a medium tempo blues. He will play the first two choruses softly and out of tempo, unreeling placid chords that safely hold the kernel of the melody. By the third chorus, he will have slid into a steady but implied beat and raised his volume. Then, using steady tenths in his left hand, he will stamp out a whole chorus of right-hand chords in between beats. He will vault into the upper register in the next chorus and wind through irregularly placed notes, while his left hand plays descending, on-the-beat, chords that pass through a forest of harmonic changes. (There are so many push-me, pull-you contrasts going on in such a chorus that it is impossible to grasp it one time through.) In the next chorus—bang!—up goes the volume again and Hines breaks into a crazy-legged double-time-and-a-half run that may make several sweeps up and down the keyboard and that are punctuated by offbeat single notes in the left hand. Then he will throw in several fast descending two-fingered glissandos, go abruptly into an arrhythmic swirl of chords and short, broken, runs and, as abruptly as he began it all, ease into an interlude of relaxed chords and poling single notes. But these choruses, which may be followed by eight or ten more before Hines has finished what he has to say, are irresistible in other ways. Each is a complete creation in itself, and yet each is lashed tightly to the next. Hines' sudden changes in dynamics, tempo, and texture are dramatic but not melodramatic; the ham lurking in the middle distance never gets any closer. And Hines is a perfervid pianist; he gives the impression that he has shut himself up completely within his instrument, that he is issuing chords and runs and glisses not merely through its keyboard and hammers and strings but directly from its soul.[25]

Solo tributes to Louis Armstrong, Hoagy Carmichael, Duke Ellington, George Gershwin and Cole Porter were all put on record in the 1970s, sometimes on the unique and famously ornate 1904 12-legged Steinway given to him in 1969 by Scott Newhall, managing editor of the San Francisco Chronicle. In 1974, so now in his seventies, Hines recorded sixteen LPs. "A spate of solo recording meant that, in his old age, Hines was being comprehensively documented at last, and he rose to the challenge with consistent inspirational force"[26]. Between his 1964 "come-back" and up to when he died, Hines recorded approx.90 LPs all over the world. Within the industry he became famous for going into a studio and coming out an hour-and-a-half later with a completed 'solo' LP behind him including discussion and coffee time - and ideally a brandy or two.[27] Retakes were almost unheard of except when Hines wanted to try a tune again in some, often completely, "other way".[28] Pianist Lennie Tristano said, "Earl Hines is the ONLY one of us capable of creating real jazz and real swing when playing all alone." To Horace Silver, "He has a completely unique style. No one can get that sound, no other pianist". To Count Basie, Hines was "The greatest piano player in the world".[29]

In 1968 Hines toured South America, again toured Europe (especially France) and now added Asia, Australia, Japan and the Soviet Union to his list of State Department–funded destinations. (During his 6-week Soviet Union tour, the 10,000-seater Kiev Sports Palace was sold out. As a result, the Kremlin cancelled his Moscow and Leningrad concerts ("Reds Change Hines Tour"[30]) as being "too culturally dangerous".)[31]

Arguably playing better now than he ever had, Hines displayed, too, endearing quirks (not to say grunts of which Glenn Gould would have surely been proud) in these performances. Sometimes he sang as he played, especially his own "They Never Believed I Could Do It—Neither Did I". In 1975 he made an hour-long "solo" film for British TV out-of-hours in a Washington nightclub: the "New York Herald Tribune" described it as "The greatest jazz film ever made". He played solo in The White House and played solo for the Pope—and played (and sang) his last show a few days before he died in Oakland, quite likely somewhat older than he had always maintained. As he had wished, his Steinway had a very much "All Star" Christie's auction for the benefit of gifted low-income music students, still bearing its silver plaque: "presented by jazz lovers from all over the world. this piano is the only one of its kind in the world and expresses the great genius of a man who has never played a melancholy note in his lifetime on a planet that has often succumbed to despair". Louis[1] Armstrong[2] (4 August 1901[3] – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo[4] and Pops, was an American jazz musician. ... Hoagland Howard Hoagy Carmichael (November 22, 1899 – December 27, 1981) was an American composer, pianist, singer, actor, and bandleader. ... This article is about the American Jazz composer and performer. ... “Gershwin” redirects here. ... Cole Albert Porter (June 9, 1891 – October 15, 1964) was an American composer and songwriter from Peru, Indiana. ... Leonard Joseph Tristano (19 March 1919 - 18 November 1978) was a jazz pianist and composer. ... Horace Ward Martin Tavares Silver, born on September 2, 1928 in Norwalk, Connecticut) is a famous jazz pianist and composer born to a Cape Verdean father (of mixed Portuguese-black descent) and a mother of Irish and African descent. ... William Count Basie (August 21, 1904 – April 26, 1984) was an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... This article is about Russian citadels. ... Glenn Gould rehearsing in 1974. ...

And on his tombstone? The inscription: "piano man".


  • Paris One Night Stand - 1957


  1. ^ In The World of Earl Hines by Stanley Dance (p. 7), Hines quotes his year of birth as 1905. Most sources agree 1903 is correct.
  2. ^ Whitney Balliett, 72 Portraits in Jazz p.100
  3. ^ Dance, p. 9.
  4. ^ Dance, p. 20.
  5. ^ Palmer, The New York Times, Aug 28 1981.
  6. ^ Dance, p. 10.
  7. ^ Dance, p. 133.
  8. ^ Balliett p.101
  9. ^ Dance, p. 293.
  10. ^ Starr Phonography Company ad. 10 November 1923
  11. ^ Dance, p. 47.
  12. ^ Balliett p 101
  13. ^ Berliner p.444
  14. ^ The Penguin Guide to Jazz on CD: Seventh Edition, pp 46
  15. ^ Dance, pp. 52-53.
  16. ^ Dance, p. 55.
  17. ^ www.jaymcshann.com About Jay McShann
  18. ^ "To know Nat Cole you must first know Earl Hines, his artistic father": Epstein. Chapter one.
  19. ^ Ratliff, p. 202
  20. ^ Stanley Dance: liner notes to "Earl Hines at Home": Delmark DD 212
  21. ^ Hines had the very rare distinction of being asked to choose his favorite records on Britain's BBC Radio's "Desert Island Discs" twice (in 1957 and 1980). Almost all the records he chose were "band" records, often with singers: Jackie Gleason, Nat Cole, Count Basie, Lena Horne, Les Elgart, Don Redman, Jack Hylton, Fred Waring, Bill Farrell, Tommy Dorsey, Quincy Jones, Dinah Washington, Connie Russell, Bob Manning, Ben Webster, Duke Ellington
  22. ^ John S. Wilson NYT March 14 1964
  23. ^ "Spontaneous Improvisations" and "The Grand Terrace Band" and "Spontaneous Improvisations", "The Real Earl Hines" and "Fatha.""
  24. ^ In the words of commentator Donald Clarke, "Hines, Earl", MusicWeb Encyclopedia of Popular Music.
  25. ^ Whitney Balliett: Collected Works: A Journal of Jazz, 1954-2000 p.361
  26. ^ The Penguin Guide to Jazz on CD 7th edition p 781
  27. ^ TBA
  28. ^ TBA
  29. ^ Stanley Dance: liner notes to "Earl Hines at Home": Delmark DD 212. As well as The World of Earl Hines, Dance also wrote The World of Count Basie (Da Capo Press, 1985) ISBN 0-306-80245-7
  30. ^ Washington Post July 26 1966
  31. ^ Time Magazine, Aug 16 1966

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  • Balliett, Whitney (2000). "Collected Works: A Journal of Jazz 1954-2000". Granta Books, London. ISBN 1-86207-465-8
  • Berliner, Paul F. (1994). "Thinking in Jazz: The Infinite Art of Improvisation". University of Chicago Press. Chocago & London ISBN 0-226-04381-9
  • Clarke, Donald (1989, 2005). Hines, Earl. MusicWeb Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Retrieved August 1, 2006.
  • Dance, Stanley (1983). The World of Earl Hines. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-80182-5
  • Dempsey, Peter (2001). Earl Hines. Naxos Jazz Legends. Retrieved July 23, 2006.
  • Epstein, Daniel Mark (1999). Nat 'King' Cole. Farrar, Strauss & Giroux. New York. ISBN 0374219125
  • Feather, Leonard (1960). Encyclopedia of Jazz, The. Horizon Press. ISBN 0-8180-1203-X
  • Earl "Fatha" Hines. The Red Hot Jazz Archive. Retrieved July 23, 2006.
  • Palmer, Robert (1981). "Pop Jazz; Fatha Hines Stom[p]ing and Chomping on at 75", The New York Times, August 28, 1981. Retrieved from The New York Times July 30, 2006 ISBN 0 8050-7068-0
  • "The Penguin Guide to Jazz on CD". Cook, Richard & Morton, Brian (2004). Seventh Edition. London & New York. ISBN 0-141-01416-4
  • Ratliff, Ben (2002), "The New York Times Essential Library: Jazz". Times Books. New York. ISBN 0-8050-7068-0
  • Schuller, Gunther (1991). The Swing Era: The Development of Jazz, 1930-1945, pp 263-292. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-507140-9
  • Simon, George T. (1974). The Big Bands. Macmillan.
  • Taylor, Jeffrey (2005) Earl "Fatha" Hines: Selected Piano Solos, 1928-41. Volume 15 in Music of the United States of America. Madison, Wisconsin: American Musicological Society/A-R Editions, 2005 . ISBN 0895795809
  • Taylor, Jeffrey (2002) “Earl Hines and ‘Rosetta.’” Current Musicology: Special Issue, A Commemorative Festschrift in Honor of Mark Tucker. 71-73 (Spring 2001-Spring 2002).
  • Taylor, Jeffrey (2002) "Life With Fatha." I.S.A.M. Newsletter 30 (Fall 2000).
  • Taylor, Jeffrey (1998) "Louis Armstrong, Earl Hines, and 'Weather Bird.'" The Musical Quarterly 82 (Spring 1998).
  • Earl Hines. World Book encyclopedia. Retrieved July 23, 2006.
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NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Earl Hines (341 words)
Earl Kenneth Hines, better known as Earl Hines or "Fatha" Hines (28 December, 1903 - 22 April, 1983) was a prominent jazz pianist.
Hines at first intended to follow his father's example and play cornet, but then developed a greater attraction to the piano.
In the 1930s Hines began leading his own band, touring with bases varying from Chicago to New York and back, and making a series of radio broadcasts.
AllRefer.com - Earl "Fatha" Hines (Music: Popular And Jazz, Biography) - Encyclopedia (219 words)
Earl "Fatha" Hines, Music: Popular And Jazz, Biographies
Earl "Fatha" Hines (Earl Kenneth Hines)[fA´thu] Pronunciation Key, 1903–83, American jazz pianist, b.
More articles from AllRefer Reference on Earl "Fatha" Hines
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