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Encyclopedia > E. M. S. Namboodiripad
Communism in India

Communist Party of India
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Elankulam Manakkal Sankaran Namboodiripad, (Malayalam: ഏലങ്കുളം മനക്കല്‍ ശങ്കരന്‍ നമ്പൂതിരിപ്പാട്) (June 13, 1909March 19, 1998), popularly knows as EMS, was an Indian communist leader and the first Chief Minister of Kerala. Namboodiripad was one of the architects of unified Kerala. He was renowned as a committed socialist and a marxist theorist. Malayalam ( ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ...   The Malayalam script is an abugida of the Brahmic family, used to write the Malayalam language. ... June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ...   (IPA: ; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of south-western India. ... Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. ...

The thug called EMS
The thug called EMS

EMS was born on June 13, 1909, the son of Shri. Parameswaran Namboodirippad, at Elamkulam, in Perinthalmanna taluk of the present Malappuram district. In his early years, he was associated with V.T. Bhattathiripad, M.B. Bhattathiripad and many others in the fight against the casteism and reactionary conservatism that existed in the Namboothiri community. He became one of the office bearers of Valluvanadu Yogaskshema Sabha, an organisation of progressive Namboothiri youth. During his college days, he was deeply associated with the Indian National Congress and Indian Independence Movement. Image File history File links Osama-med. ... Image File history File links Osama-med. ... June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Perinthalmanna, currently a municipality in Malappuram district of Kerala state, south India was the erstwhile capital city of British ruled Valluvanad. ... A Tehsil is an administrative subdivision or tier of local government in some South Asian countries. ... Malappuram is a town in Kerala state, India. ... The word Caste is derived from the Portuguese word casta, meaning lineage, breed or race. ... The Namboothiris (Malayalam :നമ്പൂതിരി) are the Brahmins of Kerala, thought to be the most orthodox brahmins in India. ... --207. ... The Indian Independence Movement incorporated the efforts by Indians to liberate the region from British, French and Portuguese and form the nation-state of India. ...


In 1934, he formed the Congress Socialist Party, a socialist wing within the Indian National Congress and was elected as its All India Joint Secretary from 1934 to 1940. During this period he was also elected to the Madras Legislative Assembly (1939). 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Congress Socialist Party was founded in 1934 as a socialist caucus within the Indian National Congress. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


He remained committed to socialist ideals and his compassion towards the downtrodden working class made him join the ranks of the Communist movement. He was considered to be one of the founders of the Communist Party of India (CPI) in Kerala, for which he had to go in hiding for many years. But when the CPI split in 1964, EMS stood with the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)). He served as a member of Central Committee and Polit Bureau of CPI(M), before becoming its General Secretary in 1977, a designation he held until 1992. He was a member of Polit Bureau of the party until his death. Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... The Communist Party of India (CPI) is a political party in India. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... The Communist Party of India (Marxist), or CPI(M), is a political party in India. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...


India achieved its independence in 1947 and the state of Kerala was formed in 1956. In 1957, EMS led the Communists to victory in the first election for the state government, making him the first communist leader anywhere to head a popularly elected government.On5th April 1957 he was appointed as the first chief minister of Kerala.He soon introduced the Land Reform Ordinance and Education Bill. His government was dismissed in 1959 by the Central Government, which invoked the controversial Article 356 of the Indian Constitution. He became the Chief Minister of Kerala for the second time in 1967. This time his tenure lasted for two years. Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Communist Party of India (CPI) is a political party in India. ... The Land Reforms Ordinance was a law in the state of Kerala, India under the E. M. S. Namboodiripad government limiting the amount of land one person could own. ... The Education Bill was introduced in the Kerala assembly by Prof. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Presidents rule is enabled by article 356 of the constitution of India. ... The Constitution of India, the worlds lengthiest written constitution (with 395 articles and 8 schedules) was passed by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ...


EMS was the Leader of Opposition in the Kerala Legislative Assembly from 1960 to 1964 and again from 1970 to 1977. He influenced Kerala society by his vision on decentralization of power and resources (People's Plan) and the Kerala Literacy Movement.He authored several books in English & Malayalam. Chintha Publication,Kerala has published all his books in title, E M S SANCHIKA . He was well-known as a journalist also. The Kerala Legislative Assembly is the legislative branch of the Government of Kerala, one of the 28 states in India. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Template:Decision making in Local Self Government institutions Peoples Plan refers to the efforts made to involve the masses in the process of decision making in the field of local self government by the Left Democratic Front government of Kerala(1996-2001) headed by Sri. ...


EMS passed away on March 19, 1998. He was married to Smt. Arya Antarjanam and had two sons and two daughters.


External links

  • E. M. S. Namboodiripad at Kerala Chief Minister Official Website
Preceded by
(none)
Chief Minister of Kerala
1957– 1959
Succeeded by
Pattom Thanupillai
Preceded by
R. Sankar
Chief Minister of Kerala
1967– 1969
Succeeded by
C. Achutha Menon

 
 

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