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Encyclopedia > E. Herbert Norman

E. Herbert Norman (September 1, 1909 in Karuizawa - April 4, 1957, in Cairo). Norman was a Canadian diplomat and historian. Norman was born in Japan to Canadian parents, who were working in Japan as Methodist missionaries, and he grew up to become fluent in spoken Japanese. After studies at the University of Toronto and Cambridge University, he entered the graduate program in Japanese history at Harvard University in 1936, where he studied under Edwin O. Reischauer. Having earned his doctorate in 1940, he joined the Canadian foreign service and soon assumed a position at the Canadian embassy in Tokyo. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, Norman was interned by the Japanese authorities and he was not repatriated to Canada until mid-1942, where he continued to work in the foreign service. During the allied occupation of Japan after its defeat in the war, Norman served as a Canadian representative in the SCAP and worked closely with Douglas MacArthur. September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Karuizawa (軽井沢町; -machi) is a town located in Kitasaku District, Nagano, Japan. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cairo Minarets Cairo (Arabic: ‎ transliterated: , transl. ... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a non-denominational, provincially-supported, coeducational public research university located in Toronto, Ontario. ... The University of Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world, with one of the most selective sets of entry requirements in the United Kingdom. ... Harvard University campus (old map) Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is an accredited private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Edwin Oldfather Reischauer (October 15, 1910–September 1, 1990) was Tokyo-born U.S. ambassador to Japan (1961–66) and the co-developer, with George M. McCune, of the McCune-Reischauer romanization of Korean. ... Tokyo , literally eastern capital) is the capital of Japan and one of the 47 prefectures of Japan. ... SCAP, short for Supreme Commander Allied Powers, was the title for Douglas MacArthur during the Occupation of Japan following WWII. SCAP also referred to the offices of the occupation, including a staff of several hundred American civil servants as well as military officers. ... Douglas MacArthur (January 26, 1880 – April 5, 1964) was an American general and Medal of Honor recipient, who was Supreme Commander of Allied forces in the South West Pacific Area during World War II. He led the defense of Australia, and the recapture of New Guinea, the Philippines and Borneo. ...

During the McCarthy Era, Norman was suspected of being a Soviet spy, but he was eventually exonerated and was allowed to resume his duties in the Canadian foreign service. In 1957, new suspicions was raised in regard to Norman’s political sympathies, and in April the same year he committed suicide in Cairo, where he served as Canada's ambassador to Egypt at the time. The circumstances surrounding Norman’s death are still unclear and continue to provoke controversy today. McCarthyism, named after Joseph McCarthy, was a period of intense anticommunism, also (popularly) known as the (second) Red Scare, which occurred in the United States from 1948 to about 1956 (or later), when the government of the United States was actively engaged in suppression of the Communist Party USA, its... The Department of Foreign Affairs, also referred to as Foreign Affairs Canada, is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for foreign policy and diplomacy. ...

Alongside with his diplomatic activities, Norman was an active scholar and wrote a number of works on Japanese history, which are still highly regarded by many historians. These works include Japan’s emergence as a modern state; political and economic problems of the Meiji period (1940), Soldier and Peasant in Japan: The Origins of Conscription (1943), and Ando Shoeki and the anatomy of Japanese feudalism (1949).

External link

  • Short biography from the Herbert Norman Library



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