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Encyclopedia > Eötvös Loránd University
Eötvös Loránd University of Budapest
Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem
Seal of the University of Budapest
Latin name Universitas Budapestinensis de Rolando Eötvös nominata
Motto --
Established 1635
School type Public
Rector István Klinghammer, dr.
Location Budapest, Hungary
Enrollment 30,000 students (2004)
Staff -- (2004)
Member Coimbra Group, EUA
Homepage www.elte.hu
This article is about Eötvös Loránd University, which is often referred to as University of Budapest. If you are looking for another university in Budapest, see the page List of universities in Budapest.

The University of Budapest or ELTE is the oldest and biggest university in Hungary, located in Budapest. Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ... Budapest (pronounced or ), the capital city of Hungary and the countrys principal political, industrial, commercial and transportation centre, has more than 1. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Founded in 1985 and formally constituted by Charter in 1987, the Coimbra Group is a network of European universities which gathers 39 of the older universities, including Oxford, Cambridge, Bristol, Louvain/Leuven, Montpellier, Uppsala, Göttingen, Heidelberg, Dublin, Bologna, Siena, Leiden, Coimbra, Barcelona and Granada. ... The European University Association (EUA) is the main voice of the higher education community in Europe. ... Here you can find the list of the universities which are entirely or partly located in Budapest. ... Budapest (pronounced or ), the capital city of Hungary and the countrys principal political, industrial, commercial and transportation centre, has more than 1. ...


In 1950 it was renamed Eötvös Loránd University, in Hungarian Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem after physicist Roland Eötvös. In Latin Universitas Budapestinensis de Rolando Eötvös nominata. – Before 1950, it was named Pázmány Péter Tudományegyetem (not to be confused with Pázmány Péter Katolikus Egyetem, a separate university). Roland Eötvös Vásárosnaményi Báró Eötvös Loránd, better known as Roland Eötvös (July 27, 1848 - April 8, 1919) was a Hungarian physicist. ... Latin is the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ...


History

It was founded in 1635 in Nagyszombat (today Trnava, Slovakia) by the archbishop and theologian Péter Pázmány, who left its leadership to the Jesuits, containing a Faculty of Arts and Faculty of Theology. A Faculty of Law was added in 1667, and a Faculty of Medicine was started in 1769. After the dissolution of the Jesuit order, the university was moved to Buda (a part of Budapest today) in 1777, in accordance with the intention of the founder. The university received its final location in Pest (the other side of today's Budapest) in 1784. The language of education was Latin until 1844, when Hungarian was introduced as an official language. Women have been allowed to enrol since 1895. Its Faculty of Science started its separate life in 1949. Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ... Trnava (Hungarian: Nagyszombat, German: Tyrnau) is a town in western Slovakia, 45 kilometers to the north-east of Bratislava, on the Trnávka river, and at the main Bratislava-Žilina railway and Bratislava-Žilina limited-access highway. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Buda is the western part of Budapest on the bank of the Danube. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Pest (in Slovak Pešť, pron. ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Latin is the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Among its students were George de Hevesy, Philipp Lenard, Albert Szent-Györgyi, Georg von Békésy, John Harsanyi (winners of the Nobel Prize), John von Neumann and Lajos Kossuth. -- Today it has 8 faculties and more than 30.000 students. According to the Academic Ranking of World Universities by Sanghai University (2003), it was qualified as the second best university in Hungary (401st in the complete list, in tie), after the University of Szeged (201st in tie). George de Hevesy (August 1, 1885 - July 5, 1966) was a Hungarian chemist who was important in the development of the tracer method where radioactive tracers are used to study chemical processes, e. ... Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard, in Hungarian Fülöp Lénárd (born in Bratislava on June 7, 1862 – died May 20, 1947 in Messelhausen) was a physicist and the winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1905 for his research on cathode rays and the discovery of many of their properties. ... Albert Szent-Györgyi ( September 16, 1893 - October 22, 1986) was a Hungarian physiologist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1937. ... Békésy won a Nobel Prize in 1961 for his research on the workings of the inner ear. ... John Charles Harsanyi (May 29, 1920 - August 9, 2000) was a Hungarian-American business and economics professor who contributed to the study of game theory in mathematics by developing the analysis of games of incomplete information. ... Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ... John von Neumann in the 1940s. ... Lajos (Louis) Kossuth (September 19, 1802 - March 20, 1894), was a Hungarian lawyer, journalist, one of the most significant politicians, and for a time was regent. ... The Academic Ranking of World Universities is compiled by researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and includes major institutes of higher education in all countries of North America, Europe, Asia, Pacific, and Latin America, compared and ranked by multiple numerical criteria, including publications in peer-reviewed journals and Nobel prizes... The University of Szeged is one of the most distinguished universities in Hungary. ...


External Links

  • Eötvös Loránd University (http://www.elte.hu/en/nyito.html) (faculties are available here)
  • ELTE Faculty of Sciences (http://teo.elte.hu/fs/) (description in English)
  • Its full history in Hungarian (http://www.elte.hu/egyetem/tortenet2.html)
  • Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2003 (http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/ranking.htm)



Coimbra Group
(of European research universities)
Aarhus | Barcelona | Bergen | Bologna | Bristol | Budapest | Cambridge | Coimbra | Dublin | Edinburgh | Galway | Geneva | Göttingen | Granada | Graz | Groningen | Heidelberg | Jena | Kraków | Leiden | Leuven | Louvain | Lyon | Montpellier | Oxford | Padua | Pavia | Poitiers | Prague | Salamanca | Siena | Tartu | Thessaloniki | Turku I | Turku II | Uppsala | Würzburg

 
 

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