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Encyclopedia > Dzhidi language

Dzhidi, or Judæo-Persian, is the Jewish language spoken by the Jews living in Iran. As a collective term, Dzhidi refers to a number of Indo-Iranian languages or dialects spoken by Jewish communities throughout the formerly extensive Persian Empire. On a more limited scale, spoken Dzhidi refers to the Judæo-Persian dialect spoken by the Jewish communities of the area around Tehran and Mashhad. The language is also known, especially in its literary form, as Latorayi, literally "not [the language] of the Torah". Jewish languages are a set of languages that developed in various Jewish communities, in Europe, southern and south-western Asia, and northern Africa. ... The Indo-Iranian languages are the language links between India and Iran. ... A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language used by people from a particular geographic area. ... The term Persian Empire refers to all empires that have ruled over the Iranian plateau. ... Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran The towering Alborz mountains rising above modern Elahiyeh district and its green neighborhoods. ... Mashhad from space, January 2003 Goharshad mosque, buitl in 1418. ...


The earliest evidence of the entrance of Persian words into the language of the Israelites is found in the Bible. The post-exilic portions, Hebrew as well as Aramaic, contain besides many Persian proper names and titles, a number of nouns (as "dat" = "law"; "genez" = "treasure"; "pardes" = "park") which came into permanent use at the time of the Achæmenidæ. An Israelite is a member of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, descended from the twelve sons of the Biblical patriarch Jacob who was renamed Israel by God in the book of Genesis, 32:28 The Israelites were a group of Hebrews, as described in the Bible. ... The Bible (Hebrew תנ״ך tanakh, Greek η Βίβλος [hÄ“ biblos] ) (sometimes The Holy Bible, The Book, Good Book, Word of God, The Word, or Scripture), from Greek (τα) βίβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, is the classical name for the Hebrew Bible of Judaism or the combination of the Old Testament and New Testament of Christianity... Babylonian captivity also refers to the permanence of the Avignon Papacy. ... Hebrew (עִבְרִית ‘Ivrit) is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than 7 million people, mainly in Israel, the West Bank, the United States and by Jewish communities around the world. ... Aramaic is a Semitic language with a 3,000-year history. ... Persian (known variously as: فارسی Fârsi, local name in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, پارسی Pârsi, older, local name still used by some speakers, Tajik, a Central Asian dialect, or Dari, another local name in Tajikistan and Afghanistan) is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia... Achaemenid empire at its greatest extent The Achaemenid Dynasty (Hakamanishiya in the Old Persian (Avestan ??) language - transliterated Hakamanshee in Modern Persian) - was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire. ...


More than five hundred years after the end of that dynasty the Jews of the Babylonian diaspora again came under the dominion of the Persians; and among such Jews the Persian language held a position similar to that held by the Greek language among the Jews of the West. Persian became to a great extent the language of everyday life among the Jews of Babylonia; and a hundred years after the conquest of that country by the Sassanids an amora of Pumbedita, Rab Joseph (d. 323), declared that the Babylonian Jews had no right to speak Aramaic, instead using either Hebrew or Persian. Aramaic, however, remained the language of the Jews in Palestine as well as of those in Babylonia, although in the latter country a large number of Persian words found their way into the language of daily intercourse and into that of the schools, a fact which is attested by the numerous Persian derivatives in the Babylonian Talmud. But in the Aramaic Targum there are very few Persian words, because after the middle of the third century the Targumim on the Pentateuch and the Prophets were accepted as authoritative and received a fixed textual form in the Babylonian schools. In this way they were protected from the introduction of Persian elements. // A dynasty is a succession of rulers who are members of the same family for generations. ... Greek (Greek Ελληνικά, IPA – Hellenic) is an Indo-European language with a documented history of 3,500 years. ... Head of king Shapur II (Sasanian dynasty A.D. 4th century). ... Amora, plural Amoraim, (from the Hebrew root amar to say or tell over), were renowned Jewish scholars who said or told over the teachings of the Oral law, from about 200 to 500 CE in Babylonia and Israel. ... ... Map of the British Mandate of Palestine. ... Babylonia, named for the city of Babylon, was an ancient state in Mesopotamia (in modern Iraq), combining the territories of Sumer and Akkad. ... The Talmud (תלמוד) is a record of rabbinic discussions on Jewish law, Jewish ethics, customs, legends and stories, which Jewish tradition considers authoritative. ... A targum (plural: targumim) is an Aramaic translation of the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) written or compiled in the Land of Israel or in Babylonia from the Second Temple period until the early Middle Ages (late first millennium). ... Look up Pentateuch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary For a detailed discussion about the contents of the Pentateuch, see the article Torah. ... A prophet is a person who is believed to speak through divine inspiration. ...


See also

Mountain Jews, or Juhurim, are Jews of the eastern Caucasus, mainly of Dagestan. ... The Judæo-Persian languages include a number of related languages spoken throughout the formerly extensive realm of the Persian Empire, sometimes including all the Jewish Indo-Iranian languages: Dzhidi (Judæo-Persian) Bukhori (Judæo-Bukharic) Judæo-Golpaygani Judæo-Yazdi Judæo-Kermani Judæo-Shirazi Jud... Persian Jews, Iranian Jews, or Parsim (Hebrew: , as they are commonly called in Israel), are Persian-speaking Jewish communities living throughout the former greatest extents of the Persian Empire. ...

Reference

  • Ethnologue's Dzhidi page
  • Comprehensive History of the Jews of Iran



Jewish languages (edit)
Afro-Asiatic
Hebrew (eras): Biblical | Mishnaic | Medieval | Modern
(dialects): Ashkenazi | Sephardi | Yemenite | Sanaani | Tiberian | Mizrahi | Samaritan
Judæo-Aramaic (Aramaic): Biblical | Barzani | Hulaulá | Lishana Deni | Lishan Didan | Lishanid Noshan
Judeo-Arabic (Arabic): Judæo-Iraqi | Judæo-Moroccan | Judæo-Yemeni | Judæo-Libyan | Judæo-Algerian
Other: Cushitic: | Kayla | Qwara Berber: Judeo-Berber
Indo-European
Yiddish (Germanic): Nat'l Yiddish Book Ctr. | YIVO | Yiddish Theater | Yeshivish | Yinglish | Klezmer-loshn
Judæo-Romance: Catalanic | Italkit | Ladino | La‘az | Shuadit | Zarphatic | Lusitanic | Judeo-Aragonese | Tetuani
Judeo-Persian (Aryan): Bukhori | Juhuri | Dzhidi | Judeo-Hamedani | Judeo-Golpaygani | Judeo-Shirazi
Judæo-Esfahani | Judæo-Kermani | Judæo-Kashani | Judæo-Borujerdi
Judæo-Khunsari | Judæo-Kurdish | Judæo-Yazdi | Judæo-Nehevandi
Other: Yevanic (Hellenic) | Knaanic (Slavic) | Judeo-Marathi (Indic)
Altaic Dravidian Kartvelian
Krymchak | Karaim Judeo-Malayalam Gruzinic

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dzhidi language (396 words)
Dzhidi, or Judæo-Persian, is the Jewish language spoken by the Jews living in Iran.
As a collective term, Dzhidi refers to a number of Indo-Iranian languages or dialects spoken by Jewish communities throughout the formerly extensive Persian Empire.
The earliest evidence of the entrance of Persian words into the language of the Israelites is found in the Bible.
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Persian language (1494 words)
Over this period, the morphology of the language was simplified from the complex conjugation and declension system of Old Persian to the almost completely regularized morphology and rigid syntax of Modern Persian, in a manner often described as paralleling the development of English.
Dzhidi or Judæo-Persian — a collection of languages or dialects spoken by the many varied and ancient Jewish communities throughout the former greatest extent of the Persian Empire, one of the many Jewish languages.
The Persian language was crucial in the formation of a common language of the central, north and northwest regions of the Indian subcontinent.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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