FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Dwarfism" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Dwarfism
Dwarfism
Classification and external resources
ICD-9 253.3, 259.4

Dwarfism refers to a condition in individual plants or animals characterized by extreme small size. In older popular and medical usage, any type of marked human smallness could also be termed dwarfism. The term as related to human beings (the major subject of this article) is often used to refer specifically to those forms of extreme shortness characterized by disproportion of body parts, typically due to an inheritable disorder in bone or cartilage development. This article is about the mythical creature. ... Insular dwarfism is the process and condition of the reduction in size of large animals - almost always mammals - when their gene pool is limited to a very small environment, primarily islands. ... The term dwarf (from Old English dweorg, dweorh; akin to Old High German twerc) may refer to: a dwarf in fantasy fiction: C. S. Lewis Dwarfs from The Chronicles of Narnia, especially in Prince Caspian, but also elsewhere passim Terry Pratchetts Dwarfs of the Discworld J. R. R. Tolkien... Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The following is a list of codes for International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... A genetic disorder is a condition caused by abnormalities in genes or chromosomes. ...


Forms of extreme shortness in humans characterized by proportional body parts usually have a hormonal or nutritional cause. An example is growth hormone deficiency, once known as "pituitary dwarfism". Growth Hormone Deficiency is the medical condition of inadequate production of growth hormone (GH) and its effects on children and adults. ...


The Little People of America (LPA) defines dwarfism as a medical or genetic condition that usually results in an adult height of 4'10" (147 cm) or shorter.[1] Little People of America (LPA) is a not-for-profit organization which provides support and information to dwarfs and their families. ...

Contents

Types of dwarfism

  • rhizomelic = root, e.g. bones of upper arm or thigh
  • mesomelic = middle, e.g. bones of forearm or lower leg
  • acromelic = end, e.g. bones of hands and feet.

When the cause of dwarfism is understood, it may be classified according to one of hundreds of names, which are usually permutations of the following roots:

  • chondro = of cartilage
  • osteo = of bone
  • spondylo = of the vertebrae
  • plasia = form
  • trophy = growth

Examples include achondroplasia, osseous dysplasia, chondrodystrophy, and osteochondrodystrophy.[2] Achondroplasia is a type of autosomal dominant genetic disorder that is a common cause of dwarfism. ... Chondrodystrophy (literally, cartilage bad-nourishment) is a descriptive term no longer in use in the medical literature. ...


The most recognizable and most common form of dwarfism is achondroplasia, which produces rhizomelic short limbs, increased spinal curvature, and distortion of skull growth. It accounts for 70% of dwarfism cases. Other relatively common types include spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita (SED), diastrophic dysplasia, pseudoachondroplasia, hypochondroplasia, and osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). Severe shortness with skeletal distortion also occurs in several of the mucopolysaccharidoses and other storage diseases. Achondroplasia is a type of autosomal dominant genetic disorder that is a common cause of dwarfism. ... Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita is a rare disorder of bone growth that results in dwarfism, characteristic skeletal abnormalities, and problems with vision and hearing. ... Diastrophic dysplasia is a disorder of cartilage and bone development. ... Pseudoachondroplasia is a type of short-limb dwarfism. ... Hypochondroplasia is a developmental disorder caused by an autosomal dominant genetic defect in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene (FGFR3) that results in a disproportionately short stature, micromelia, and a head that appears large when compared with the underdeveloped portions of the body. ... Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI and sometimes known as Brittle Bone Disease) is a genetic bone disorder. ... The mucopolysaccharidoses are a group of inherited metabolic diseases caused by the absence or malfunctioning of lysosomal enzymes needed to break down molecules called glycosaminoglycans - long chains of sugar carbohydrates in each of our cells that help build bone, cartilage, tendons, corneas, skin and connective tissue. ... The lysosomal storage diseases are a group of which over forty disorders are currently known that result from defects in lysosomal function. ...


The average adult height of male and females with dwarfism is 132 cm and 123 cm respectively. The average weight of an adult may range from 100 to 150 pounds (45-68 kg).


Diagnosis

Unusually short stature for a child's age is usually what brings the child to medical attention. Skeletal dysplasia ("dwarfism") is usually suspected because of obvious physical features (e.g., unusual configuration of face or shape of skull), because of an obviously affected parent, or because body measurements (arm span, upper to lower segment ratio) indicate disproportion. Bone x-rays are often the key to diagnosis of a specific skeletal dysplasia, but they are not the key diagnosis. Most children with suspected skeletal dysplasias will be referred to a genetics clinic for diagnostic confirmation and genetic counseling. In the last decade, genetic tests for some of the specific disorders have become available. Dysplasia (from Greek, roughly: bad form) is a term used in pathology to refer to an abnormality in maturation of cells within a tissue. ... Genetic counseling is the process by which patients or relatives, at risk of an inherited disorder, are advised of the consequences and nature of the disorder, the probability of developing or transmitting it, and the options open to them in management and family planning in order to prevent, avoid or...


During the initial medical evaluation for shortness, the absence of disproportion and the other clues above usually indicates other causes than bone dysplasias. Extreme shortness with completely normal proportions sometimes indicates growth hormone deficiency (pituitary dwarfism). Growth Hormone Deficiency is the medical condition of inadequate production of growth hormone (GH) and its effects on children and adults. ...


Short stature alone, in the absence of any other abnormalities, may simply be genetic, particularly if a person is born into a family of people who are relatively short.


Problems associated with dwarfism

The principal adverse effects of dwarfism can be divided into the physical and the social.


Physical effects of malformed bones vary according to the specific disease. Many involve pain resulting from joint damage from abnormal bone alignment, or from nerve compression (e.g, spinal stenosis).[1]. Early degenerative joint disease, exaggerated lordosis or scoliosis, and constriction of spinal cord or nerve roots can cause pain and disability. Reduced thoracic size can restrict lung growth and reduce pulmonary function. Some forms of dwarfism are associated with disordered function of other organs, such as the brain or liver, sometimes severely enough to be more disabling than the abnormal bone growth. As well, many dwarves are given injections of Human Growth Hormone during their early years, in the hope that it will increase their height, though, sadly, the HGH injections may cause adverse effects on the cardiac muscles, making them too large or thick to properly function, causing death through cardiac failure in the patient. For other uses, see Nerve (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Lordosis is a term used to describe the direction of the curvature of the five lumbar and seven cervical vertebrae of the vertebral column. ... The Spinal cord nested in the vertebral column. ... Diagram of a tsetse fly, showing the head, thorax and abdomen The thorax is a division of an animals body that lies between the head and the abdomen. ... For other uses, see Brain (disambiguation). ... The liver is the largest internal organ in the human body, and is an organ present in vertebrates and some other animals. ...


A dwarf is officially defined as a human being, having a full adult height of 4'10 1/2" and under.


The psychosocial disadvantages may be more distressing than the physical symptoms, especially in childhood and adolescence, but people with dwarfism vary greatly in the degree to which social participation and emotional health are affected.

  • Social prejudice against extreme shortness may reduce social and marital opportunities.
See also: heightism
  • Numerous studies have demonstrated reduced employment opportunities. Severe shortness is associated with lower income.[citation needed]
  • Self-esteem may be reduced and family relationships affected
  • Extreme shortness (in the low 2–3 foot [60–90 cm] range) can interfere with ordinary activities of daily living, like driving or even using countertops built for taller people. There are also syptoms with dwarfism such as bowed knees, big head and forehead, back problems, difficulty walking, and unusually short fingers.
  • Dwarfism is often misunderstood by others and although short people are often believed to be academically challenged, they are mistaken for and often thought of to be intellectually challenged which leads to a tough social life.

Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Ethnocracy Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial quota... In psychology, self-esteem or self-worth is a persons self-image at an emotional level; circumventing reason and logic. ...

Treatment and support

As the genetic defects of most forms of dwarfism due to bone dysplasia cannot be corrected, therapeutic interventions are typically aimed at (1) preventing or reducing pain or physical disability, (2) increasing adult height, or (3) mitigating psychosocial stresses and enhancing social adaptation.


Pain and disability may be ameliorated by physical therapy, by braces or other orthotic devices, or by surgical procedures. The only simple interventions that increase perceived adult height are dress enhancements such as shoe lifts or hairstyle. Growth hormone is rarely used for shortness due to bone dysplasias, as the height benefit is typically small (less than 5 cm) and the cost high. The most effective means of increasing adult height by several inches is limb-lengthening surgery, though availability is limited and cost is high in terms of dollars, discomfort, and interruption of life. Most people with dwarfism do not avail themselves of this, and it remains controversial.[1] For other types of dwarfism, surgical treatment is not possible. This is not uncommon for midgets to have back problems and have bowed knees. Distraction osteogenesis, also called callus distraction[1], callotasis[1], is a surgical process used for the reconstruction of skeletal deformities and for the lengthening of bones (as limb lengthening or particularly leg lengthening when referred to the lower limbs). ...


Cultural references

The Dwarf Don Sebastián de Morra, by Velázquez. In his portraits of the dwarves of Spain's royal court, the artist preferred a serious tone.
The Dwarf Don Sebastián de Morra, by Velázquez. In his portraits of the dwarves of Spain's royal court, the artist preferred a serious tone.
"Queen Henrietta Maria and the dwarf Sir Jeffrey Hudson",by Anthonis van Dyck, 1633
"Queen Henrietta Maria and the dwarf Sir Jeffrey Hudson",by Anthonis van Dyck, 1633

When depicted in art, literature, or movies, dwarves are rarely depicted as "regular people who are very short" but often as a species apart. Novelists, artists, and moviemakers attach special moral or aesthetic significance to the "apartness" or the misshapenness. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... The Dwarf Don Sebastián de Morra, by Diego Velázquez. ... The Dwarf Don Sebastián de Morra, by Diego Velázquez. ... Velázquezs 1643 self-portrait This article pertains to the artist. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 361 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1256 × 2085 pixel, file size: 202 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 361 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1256 × 2085 pixel, file size: 202 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Henrietta Maria Henrietta Maria (November 25, 1609 - September 10, 1669) was Queen Consort of England, Scotland and Ireland (June 13, 1625 - January 30, 1649) through her marriage to Charles I. The U.S. state of Maryland (in Latin, Terra Maria) was so named in her honour by Cæcilius Calvert... Categories: People stubs ... Sir Anthony van Dyck (many variant spellings [1] See Van Dyke for other uses of all spellings), (22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish artist who became the leading court painter in England. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... The definition of an artist is wide-ranging and covers a broad spectrum of activities to do with creating art, practicing the arts and/or demonstrating an art. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ...


Artistic representations of dwarfism can be found on Greek vases and other ancient artefacts, including ancient Egyptian art. Documentation of dwarves can also be found on European paintings and many pictures. Many European paintings (especially Spanish) of the 16th–19th centuries depict dwarves by themselves or with others. In the Talmud, it is said that the second born son of the Egyptian Pharaoh of the Bible was a dwarf.[3] Recent scholarship has indicated that the ancient Egyptians esteemed dwarves. [1] The pyramids are the most recognizable symbols of the civilization of ancient Egypt. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The Talmud (Hebrew: ) is a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, customs, and history. ... For other uses, see Pharaoh (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ...


In Jonathan Swift's "Gulliver's Travels", the protagonist encounters in the court of the Giants' Kingdom the strong enmity of the local "dwarf", who is "only" twenty feet high (where normal giants measure forty feet) and resents being displaced by "a smaller dwarf". Jonathan Swift Jonathan Swift (November 30, 1667 – October 19, 1745) was an Irish cleric, satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for Whigs then for Tories), and poet, famous for works like Gullivers Travels, A Modest Proposal, A Journal to Stella, The Drapiers Letters, The Battle of the Books, and... For other uses, see Gullivers Travels (disambiguation). ...


Several novels have treated dwarfism as a major theme, although not necessarily realistically:

Leslie Fiedler's Freaks: Myths and Images of the Secret Self (1979) explored the value of differentness of "freaks" to "normal" people, lamenting medical treatment for reducing the number of picturesquely different people around. The Tin Drum (German: Die Blechtrommel) is a 1959 novel by Günter Grass. ... Günter Wilhelm Grass (born October 16, 1927) is a Nobel Prize-winning German author and playwright. ... Stones from the River (1994, ISBN 0684844729 ) is a novel by Ursula Hegi, and was chosen as an Oprahs Book Club® selection in February of 1997. ... Ursula Hegi (23 May 1946 - ) is a fiction author. ... The Dwarf (or, in the Swedish language original, Dvärgen) is a novel by Pär Lagerkvist from 1944. ... Pär Lagerkvist. ... A Prayer for Owen Meany is a novel by American writer John Irving, first published in 1989. ... John Winslow Irving (born March 2, 1942 as John Wallace Blunt, Jr. ... A Son of the Circus is a novel by John Irving written and/or published in 1994. ... Hop-Frog (originally Hop-Frog; Or, the Eight Chained Ourangoutangs) is a short story by American writer Edgar Allan Poe, first published in 1849. ... Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, playwright, editor, literary critic, essayist and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. ... Maybe the moon (1992) is a novel written by San Francisco novelist Armistead Maupin. ... Armistead Jones Maupin Jr. ... Ruth Park is an author born in New Zealand who spent most of her life in Australia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Simon Mawer (born 1948, England) is a British author. ... For the string game, see Cats cradle. ... Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ... A Song of Ice and Fire is an award-winning series of epic fantasy novels by American novelist and screenwriter George R. R. Martin. ... George R. R. Martin, circa 1986 George Raymond Richard Martin (born September 20, 1948 in Bayonne, New Jersey) is an American writer of science fiction and fantasy, and also a screenwriter and producer. ... Piers Anthony Dillingham Jacob (born August 6, 1934 in Oxford, England) is an American writer in the science fiction and fantasy genres, publishing under the name Piers Anthony. ... Leslie Aaron Fiedler (March 8, 1917–January 29, 2003) was an American literary critic, known for his interest in mythography and his championing of genre fiction. ...


Several 20th and 21st century movies & TV shows have addressed the topic or made much use of dwarves:

The actor and stunt man Verne Troyer has become famous playing the character "Mini-Me" in two Austin Powers movies, as has fellow stuntman and Jackass cast-member, Jason "Wee-Man" Acuña . For other uses, see Freak (disambiguation). ... The Terror of Tiny Town is a 1938 film starring Billy Curtis. ... The Wizard of Oz (film) redirects here. ... For other uses, see Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (disambiguation). ... The Man with the Golden Gun, released in 1974, is the ninth film in the James Bond series, and the second to star Roger Moore as the fictional British secret agent James Bond. ... This article is about the 1981 motion picture. ... Under the Rainbow is a 1981 comedy film starring Chevy Chase, Carrie Fisher, Eve Arden, Billy Barty, and Mako. ... Willow is a 1988 fantasy film directed by Ron Howard, based on a story by George Lucas. ... Maid Marian and her Merry Men was a UK childrens television series created and written by Tony Robinson and directed by David Bell. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... The Mighty is a 1998 film, based on the book Freak the Mighty. ... Austin Powers: the Spy Who Shagged Me is the second film in the Austin Powers series started with Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery and continued in Austin Powers in Goldmember. ... Austin Powers in Goldmember is the third film of the Austin Powers series starring Mike Myers in the title role. ... Monster Garage (2002–2006) was a popular television show for the Discovery Channel hosted by Jesse G. James. ... Jackass: The Movie Jackass: The Movie directed by Jeff Tremaine was released on October 25, 2002 with the tagline Do not attempt this at home. ... A Little Murder is the fourth episode from the third series of the popular American crime drama CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, which is set in Las Vegas, Nevada. ... Elf is a 2003 Christmas-themed comedy film directed by Jon Favreau and released in the US on November 7, 2003. ... Promotional poster for The Station Agent The Station Agent is a 2003 US independent film about a dwarf who moves to live in an abandoned train depot in rural New Jersey to live a life of solitude. ... Tiptoes is a 2003 film starting Kate Beckinsale, Matthew McConaughey and Gary Oldman. ... Little People, Big World is a reality television series produced in the United States that airs on TLC. The series follows the six-member Roloff family living near Portland, Oregon. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The term extra has many meanings: in drama, an extra is a character who has no role or purpose other than to appear in the background (for example, in an audience scene or a busy street scene). ... The National Geographic Channel is a subscription television network that features documentaries produced by the National Geographic Society. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... A stunt performer is someone who performs dangerous stunts. ... Verne Troyer (born January 1, 1969) is an American actor and stunt man. ... Mini Me is a character from the Austin Powers movies. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jason Bryant Acuña (born May 16, 1973 in Pisa, Italy[1]), better known as Wee-Man, is one of the stars of Jackass on MTV and the host of NESNs skateboarding show 54321. ...


The 1960s television series The Wild Wild West featured a dwarf, Michael Dunn, as the recurring character Dr. Miguelito Loveless, the brilliant but insane arch-enemy of Secret Service agents James West and Artemus Gordon. A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... For the 1999 film, see Wild Wild West. ... Michael Dunn (born Gary Neil Miller, reportedly on February 7, 1934 in Shattuck, Oklahoma; died August 30, 1973 in London) was a successful little person American actor. ... A recurring character is a fictional character, usually in a prime time TV series, who is not a main character, but appears from time to time during the series run. ... USSS redirects here. ...


In the mid-1970s, Sid and Marty Krofft built an indoor theme park in Atlanta, Georgia called The World of Sid and Marty Krofft. This had a live stage production that was at that time the largest gathering of "little people" since the filming of The Wizard of Oz in 1937-38 as well as being the largest indoor theme park built to that time. The facility that was built to house this theme park is today the studios of CNN, the Cable News Network, and CNN Headline News. Sid and Marty Krofft are a sibling team of prolific television producers who were influential in childrens television and variety show programs, particularly throughout the 1970s and early 1980s. ... Theme Park is a simulation computer game designed by Bullfrog Productions, released in 1994, in which the player designs and operates an amusement park. ... Atlanta redirects here. ... The World of Sid and Marty Krofft was an amusement park in downtown Atlanta, Georgia, opened to the public in 1976. ... The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... CNN or Cable News Network is a cable television network that was founded in 1980 by Ted Turner & Reese Schonfeld [1]. It is a division of the Turner Broadcasting System, owned by Time Warner. ... This article is about the cable television network. ...


In the late 1970s, Hervé Villechaize played the character Tattoo on the TV series Fantasy Island. Hervé Jean-Pierre Villechaize (April 23, 1943 – September 4, 1993) was a French actor who achieved worldwide recognition for his role as Mr. ... Fantasy Island refers to two separate but related American fantasy television series, both originally airing on the ABC television network. ...


In the 1990s, the immensely popular series Seinfeld featured a dwarf character, Mickey Abbott, in seven episodes; Mickey was played by actor Danny Woodburn. He got into several physical altercations with 6-foot (1.8 m)-plus Kramer. In one episode, he was ostracized by his dwarf peers for using lifts in his shoes to make him look taller. Seinfeld is an Emmy Award-winning American sitcom that originally aired on NBC from July 5, 1989 to May 14, 1998, running a total of 9 seasons. ... Danny Woodburn (born July 26, 1964) is an American actor. ...


In the movie, The Mighty, one of the main characters, Kevin, nicknamed Freak, has a rare form of dwarfism called Morquio syndrome, which kills him at the end of the movie because of the symptoms. The Mighty is a 1998 film, based on the book Freak the Mighty. ... Morquio syndrome (referred to as mucopolysaccharidosis IV or Morquios) is a mucopolysaccharide storage disease. ...


Arguably the most famous dwarf actor is Warwick Davis, having found success in several notable fantasy franchises, including Star Wars, Harry Potter, Willow, Leprechaun, Gulliver's Travels, and The Chronicles of Narnia (both the 1989 television serial and again in the upcoming 2008 film version of Prince Caspian). Warwick Ashley Davis (born 3 February 1970) is an English actor. ... This article is about the series. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... Species About 350, including: Salix acutifolia - Violet Willow Salix alaxensis - Alaska Willow Salix alba - White Willow Salix alpina - Alpine Willow Salix amygdaloides - Peachleaf Willow Salix arbuscula - Mountain Willow Salix arbusculoides - Littletree Willow Salix arctica - Arctic Willow Salix atrocinerea Salix aurita - Eared Willow Salix babylonica - Peking Willow Salix bakko Salix barrattiana... This article is about the creature in Irish mythology. ... For other uses, see Gullivers Travels (disambiguation). ... Narnia redirects here. ... For the film adaptation of the novel, see The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian. ...


From 1999 until 2003, the popular television series The Man Show featured dwarves in many of their segments. They once claimed to be "the world's largest employer of midgets". The Man Show was a half hour comedy television show on Comedy Central. ... For the car, see MG Midget or Daihatsu Midget. ...


In Mind of Mencia, one of the main characters is a dwarf named Brad Williams. Brad is a comedian who tours with Carlos Mencia as his opening act. Mind of Mencia is an American television comedy show on the cable channel Comedy Central. ... Brad Williams (born 1984 in Orange, California) is a comedian and actor. ... Carlos Mencia on stage for his show, Ned Arnel Mencía (born October 22, 1967), better known by his stage name Carlos Mencia, is an American comedian, writer, and actor. ...


In Monster Garage, Chris "Body Drop" Artiaga made his début as a contestant in episode 'Ramp Rage', but later became parts runner for the series. In addition, there are 2 episodes featuring all-dwarf build teams. Monster Garage (2002–2006) was a popular television show for the Discovery Channel hosted by Jesse G. James. ...


In George R.R. Martin's A Song of Ice and Fire series, one of the main characters, Tyrion Lannister, is a dwarf. Though a brilliant and well-read man (some would say genius), he struggles with acceptance by "normal" people, who pejoratively refer to him as "the Imp," or "half-man". This is especially true of his father, Lord Tywin Lannister, who holds Tyrion in contempt, especially when compared to Tyrion's handsome, talented older brother Jaime, and Jaime's equally beautiful and talented twin sister, Cersei. Tyrion often wonders if any woman could ever truly love him in spite of his condition. George R. R. Martin, circa 1986 George Raymond Richard Martin (born September 20, 1948 in Bayonne, New Jersey) is an American writer of science fiction and fantasy, and also a screenwriter and producer. ... A Song of Ice and Fire is an award-winning series of epic fantasy novels by American novelist and screenwriter George R. R. Martin. ... Tyrion Lannister aka The Imp is a fictional character in George R. R. Martins A Song of Ice and Fire. ... The familytree of house Lannister House Lannister is one of the major houses of Westeros in A Song of Ice and Fire. ...


Johnny Roventini was a dwarf bellboy in a New York City hotel when he was paid $1 to "Call for Phillip Morris", unknowingly beginning his 40-year career as an advertising icon in radio, television, and print media. Johnny Roventini (also known as John Louis Roventini and popularly as Johnny Philip Morris) (August 15, 1910–November 30, 1998) was an American dwarf actor of Italian-American heritage. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


See also

Ellis-van Creveld Syndrome (also called chondroectodermal dysplasia or mesoectodermal dysplasia) is a rare genetic disorder of the skeletal dysplasia type, with numerous anomalies including post-axial polydactyly, congenital heart defects (most commonly an atrial septal defect producing a common atrium, occurring in 60% of affected individuals), pre-natal tooth... The Dwarf Don Sebastián de Morra, by Velázquez. ... Primordial dwarfism is a rare form of dwarfism that results in a smaller body size in all stages of life beginning from before birth. ... Psychogenic dwarfism, Psychosocial dwarfism or Stress dwarfism is a growth disorder that is observed between the ages of 2 and 15, caused by extreme emotional deprivation or stress. ... Anna Haining Bates with her parents Greek gigas, gigantus (giant) is a condition characterized by excessive height growth and bigness. ... Laron syndrome is a disorder characterized by an insensitivity to growth hormone, caused by a variant of the growth hormone receptor. ... For the car, see MG Midget or Daihatsu Midget. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c Dwarfism Resources: Frequently Asked Questions. Little People of America (2006-7-9). Archived from the original on 2007-07-12. Retrieved on 2006-11-14.
  2. ^ Dwarfism and Dysplasias - Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics. Retrieved on 2007-12-07.
  3. ^ The Talmud - CHAPTER VI. DEATH OF JACOB AND HIS SONS--MOSES--THE DELIVERANCE FROM EGYPT. URL accessed April 23, 2007

is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

External links

Look up dwarf in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dwarfism web page (968 words)
Dwarfism is defined by the LPA (the Little People of America) as "An adult, height of 4 ft. 10 in.
SED is a form of dwarfism that results in severe osteoarthritis of hips, multiple loose bodies in various joints, and flattened metatarsal and metacarpal heads.
Genetics tutorial- Though it does not mention dwarfism, this is a helpful page for those interested in genetics, or for those who need a little more help with their biology.
P.O.V. - Big Enough . What is Dwarfism? | PBS (1091 words)
Dwarfism is a medical or genetic condition that usually results in an adult height of four feet ten or shorter, among both men and women, although in some cases a person with a dwarfing condition may be slightly taller than that.
Proportionate dwarfism — that is, a short-stature condition that results in the arms, legs, trunk, and head being the same size in relation to each other as would be expected with an average-sized person — is often the result of a hormonal deficiency, and may be treated medically.
Achondroplastic dwarfism is characterized by an average-sized trunk, short arms and legs, and a slightly enlarged head and prominent forehead.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m