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Encyclopedia > Dwarf
Men hur kommer man in i berget, frågade tomtepojken ("But how do I get into the mountain?" the young dwarf asked.) by John Bauer
Men hur kommer man in i berget, frågade tomtepojken ("But how do I get into the mountain?" the young dwarf asked.) by John Bauer

A dwarf is a short, stocky humanoid creature in Norse mythology as well as other Germanic mythologies, fairy tales, fantasy fiction and role-playing games. This article is about the medical condition. ... The term dwarf (from Old English dweorg, dweorh; akin to Old High German twerc) may refer to: a dwarf in fantasy fiction: C. S. Lewis Dwarfs from The Chronicles of Narnia, especially in Prince Caspian, but also elsewhere passim Terry Pratchetts Dwarfs of the Discworld J. R. R. Tolkien... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1371x1386, 3377 KB) Namn: Men hur kommer man in i berget, frågade tomtepojken Name: But how do I get into the mountain, the gnome boy asked Konstnär / Artist: John Bauer Källa: Illustration till Alfred Smedbergs Trollen och tomtepojken... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1371x1386, 3377 KB) Namn: Men hur kommer man in i berget, frågade tomtepojken Name: But how do I get into the mountain, the gnome boy asked Konstnär / Artist: John Bauer Källa: Illustration till Alfred Smedbergs Trollen och tomtepojken... Tyr and Fenrir, by John Bauer (1911) The Changeling, by John Bauer (1913) Trolls with an abducted princess, by John Bauer (1915) John Bauer (1882–1918) was a Swedish illustrator best known for Bland Tomtar och Troll (Among Elves and Trolls), an annual Christmas book for children published in Sweden. ... Norse, Viking or Scandinavian mythology comprises the indigenous pre-Christian religion, beliefs and legends of the Scandinavian peoples, including those who settled on Iceland, where most of the written sources for Norse mythology were assembled. ... A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... For other definitions of fantasy see fantasy (psychology). ... This article is about games in which one plays the role of a character. ...


The plural form dwarfs has been traced to the 17th century. The alternative plural dwarves has been recorded in the early 18th century, but was not generally accepted until used by philologist J. R. R. Tolkien in his fantasy novel The Hobbit. Neither spelling represents the regular phonetic development of the Old English plural dweorgas, namely dwarrows; rather, they descend from a new plural formed in Middle English from the singular stem. Similarly, the old inherited plural dwarrows acquired a singular dwarrow.[1] Although dwarrow has passed from the language, both dwarfs and dwarves are in current use. Many grammarians prefer dwarfs, many fantasists prefer dwarves. The form dwarfs is generally used for real people affected by dwarfism; the form dwarves is used for the mythical people described by Tolkien and others. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Philology, etymologically, is the love of words. It is most accurately defined as an affinity toward the learning of the backgrounds as well as the current usages of spoken or written methods of human communication. The commonality of studied languages is more important than their origin or age (that is... Tolkien redirects here. ... This article is about the book. ... Middle English is the name given by historical linguistics to the diverse forms of the English language spoken between the Norman invasion of 1066 and the mid-to-late 15th century, when the Chancery Standard, a form of London-based English, began to become widespread, a process aided by the... This article is about the medical condition. ...


In mythology, Dwarves are much like humans, but generally prefer to live underground and/or in mountainous areas. Some literature and games ascribe to dwarves the ability to see in the dark and other adaptations for living underground. Here they have accumulated treasures of gold, silver, and precious stones, and pass their time in fabricating costly weapons and armor. They are famed miners and smiths although, like humans, they specialise in any number of trades. Generally shorter than humans, they are on average stockier and hairier, usually sporting full beards. Though slow runners and poor riders, dwarves are said to be excellent warriors and defenders of their strongholds. Some myths and games also ascribe to dwarves the ability to forge magical items. In Norse mythology, for instance, dwarvish smiths created some of the greatest and most powerful items of power, including the magic chain Gleipnir that bound the wolf, Fenris as well as Mjolnir, the hammer of Thor. This article is about modern humans. ... For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Treasure (disambiguation). ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article is about the chemical element. ... A gemstone is a mineral, rock (as in lapis lazuli) or petrified material that when cut or faceted and polished is collectible or can be used in jewellery. ... Armor or armour (see spelling differences) is protective clothing intended to defend its wearer from intentional harm in combat and military engagements, typically associated with soldiers. ... The El Chino Mine located near Silver City, New Mexico is an open-pit copper mine Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually (but not always) from an ore body, vein, or (coal) seam. ... For the slang term, see Beard (female companion). ... Gleipnir is the bindings that hold the mighty wolf Fenrisulfr in Norse Mythology. ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... Fenrir biting off Tyrs arm In Norse mythology, The Fenrisulfr or Wolf of Fenrir, usually known simply as Fenrir in English, was a monstrous wolf, the son of Loki and the giantess Angrboda. ... For other uses, see Mjolnir (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Thor (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Mythology and folklore

A modern depiction of a dwarf
A modern depiction of a dwarf
Further information: Norse dwarves

Dwarves are generally described as being about 3 to 4 feet tall, big-headed, and bearded. Nidavellir is the land of the dwarves in Norse mythology. Some dwarves of mythology and fairy tales include: Rumpelstiltskin, the dwarves from Snow White, Dvalin, Lit, Fjalar and Galar, Alvis, Eitri, Brokkr, Hreidmar, Alfrik, Berling, Grer, Fafnir, Otr, Regin (rarely given as Mimir),Andvari (or Alberich)and Eragon. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (641x939, 128 KB) description: dwarf author: My own work File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dwarf Wikipedia talk:Copyrights/Can I use. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (641x939, 128 KB) description: dwarf author: My own work File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dwarf Wikipedia talk:Copyrights/Can I use. ... In Norse mythology, the dwarves (Old Norse: dvergar, sing. ... Nidavellir is the land of the dwarves in Norse mythology. ... Illustration of Rumpelstiltskin from Andrew Langs The Blue Fairy Book, ca. ... This article is about the Snow White character. ... In Norse mythology, Dvalin was a ruler of the dwarves and one of the most powerful dwarves, known primarily for having invented runes. ... In Norse mythology, Fjalar and his brother, Galar, were dwarves who killed Kvasir and turned his blood into the mead of poetry, which inspired poets. ... Alvíss (All-Wise) was a dwarf in Norse mythology. ... In Norse mythology, Eitri is a dwarf, brother of Brokk. ... Brokkr is a dwarf from Norse mythology, brother of Eitri (or Sindri). ... In Norse mythology, Hreidmar was the avaricious king of the dwarf folk, who captured three gods with his unbreakable chains. ... In Norse Mythology, Alfrik was an artistic Dwarf, a son of Mimir. ... Fáfnir guards the gold hoard in this illustration by Arthur Rackham to Richard Wagners Siegfried. ... In Norse mythology, Ótr (alternately: Ott, Oter, Otr, Ottar, Ottarr, Otter) is a dwarf. ... In Norse mythology, Regin was the son of Hreidmar and foster father of Sigurd. ... Mimir was a primal god of Norse mythology whose head was severed and sent to Odin during the war between the Aesir and the Vanir deities. ... In Norse mythology, Andvari was a dwarf. ... Alberich, by Arthur Rackham. ... This article is about the novel. ...


In Northumbria, dwarves are often called Duergar or Dwergar. The most famous example of these Northumbrian dwarves are the The Dwarves of Simonside.([1]). The word 'Duergar is similar to the Norse word Dvergar, meaning dwarves. The Simonside hills are a hill range, in Northumberland, England near the town of Rothbury. ... In Norse mythology, the dwarves (Old Norse: dvergar, sing. ...


Origin

Dwarves seem to have developed from a belief in spirits of the earth. Like the elves, which are connected to nature and fertility, the dwarves are given their own worldly association. In mythology, real objects or places are frequently appointed their own spirits; this is a result of the animistic beliefs in human culture. Gnomes and sylphs are other examples of the connection between real and spiritual ideas. In Norse Mythology, vættir are an over-arching description of spirits of nature, and dwarves fill a part of this. From the dwarves' association with the earth, and the remarkable complexity of Germanic Mythology, dwarves have become connected to other associations with the earth, such as minerals and mining. The idea of a race of creatures that organizes and provides the minerals under the ground was easy for a religious and theistic culture to believe, and the creation of supernatural explanations for mysterious events is universal in mythology. Read psychedelic section for amazing info! on the experiments of real elves good for school projects This article is about the small mythical creature, for the 2003 film, see Elf (film). ... The term Animism is derived from the Latin anima, meaning soul.[1][2] In its most general sense, animism is simply the belief in souls. ... This article is about the mythical creature. ... Sylph is a faux-mythological creature in the Western tradition. ... Wight is an obsolete word for a human or other intelligent being (cognate to modern German Wicht, meaning small person, dwarf, and also unpleasant person). It is used only comparatively recently to give an impression of archaism and mystery, for example in the works of J. R. R. Tolkien. ... ROSIE IS A GERMN LADYGermanic paganism refers to the religion of the Germanic nations preceding Christianization. ... This article is about mineral extractions. ... Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual... Theism is the belief in the existence of one or more divinities or deities. ... For other uses, see Supernatural (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Mythology (disambiguation). ...


It's worth noting that the original dwarves had no connotation of shortness, and were human-height creatures associated with the depths of the earth. (See the article on Norse Dwarves). In Norse mythology, the dwarves (Old Norse: dvergar, sing. ...


Speculative origins

Stories of dwarves may have a historical background[citation needed]: during the Bronze Age, tin miners from southern and south-Eastern Europe slowly migrated northwest, since the relatively rare tin, which is needed to make bronze, was more common in the north. Being southerners, they generally were of shorter stature than northern Europeans[citation needed] and had darker skin, hair and beards. Their knowledge of metallurgy might have seemed magical to the northerners, whose lifestyle was still neolithic; the southerners' superior weapons and armour might well have been perceived as enchanted. This would explain why stories of dwarves are especially common in Northern Europe, and also why dwarves are portrayed as workers, while few other mythological creatures seem to be associated with any kind of organized industry. The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... This article is about the metallic chemical element. ... This article is about the metal alloy. ... Georg Agricola, author of De re metallica, an important early book on metal extraction Metallurgy is a domain of materials science that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their compounds, which are called alloys. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ...


It is also a historical fact that mines were quite often run by using children turned into working slaves. The reason was simple: mines are narrow, smaller people like children can move more easy. The hard work in the mines was dangerous, and even those who survived more than a few years often remained physically damaged, having a hunchback for example. Working in mines also means being dusty and dirty. All in all this leads to a picture of small men (children) looking old (deformations, dusty, tired) in a tight connection to mining and smithing.


More generally, the Pygmies of Africa, the so-called Negrito peoples of Asia, the Man of Flores, the short Eskimos, Sami (Lapps), the Asian Dropa pygmies of Tibet, short rainforest natives, people with dwarfism, and similarly short people may have had a hand in the origin of dwarf legends in many countries.[citation needed] Baka dancers in the East Province of Cameroon Batwa dancers in Uganda This article is about the Pygmy people. ... Ati woman Negrito refers a dwindling ethnic group which is now restricted to parts of Southeast Asia. ... Binomial name P. Brown , 2004 Homo floresiensis (Man of Flores, nicknamed Hobbit) is the name for a possible species in the genus Homo, remarkable for its small body, small brain, and survival until relatively recent times. ... For other uses, see Eskimo (disambiguation). ... The Sami people (also Sámi, Saami, Lapps, sometimes also Laplanders) are the indigenous people of Sápmi, which today encompasses parts of northern Sweden, Norway, Finland and the Kola Peninsula of Russia. ... Hoax photograph by fictitious Dr. Karyl Robin-Evans: Dropa ruling couple Hueypah-La (4 feet tall) and Veez-La (3 feet and 4 inches tall). ... This article is about the medical condition. ...


The field of Depth Psychology has suggested that dwarfs are most frequently psychological symbols of what Carl G. Jung termed the "Shadow."[citation needed] The Shadow is the portion of the human psyche which contains personalities, behaviors, and/or events that have been suppressed by consciousness in the unconscious in a personal, societal, or collective manner.


Another origin might go back to hunter-gatherer times, when only those with physical defects would be available to do anything other than hunting and gathering. Those with dwarfism might be stuck as permanent craftsmen, and an association between crafting, and dwarfism might have developed.[citation needed]


Other mythological beings characterised by shortness

Finns had folklore about different kinds of small beings. Sometimes small creatures appeared from the sea and achieved miraculous deeds, which nobody else could do. There were also tales about the folk or race of creatures called Hiisi. Hiisis were usually evil and small in size. Prehistoric stone structures were said to have been built by Hiisis and giants. Hiisi (root: hiite-) are a kind of tutelary spirits in mythologies of the Baltic Sea area, especially in Finland. ... Jack the Giant-Killer by Arthur Rackham. ...


Other similar mythological creatures include:

Kobolds are spirits of German folklore. ... This article is about the mythical creature. ... A Kallikantzaros (Καλλικάντζαρος) pl. ... This article is about the popular English pastry. ... Wight is an obsolete word for a human or other intelligent being (cognate to modern German Wicht, meaning small person, dwarf, and also unpleasant person). It is used only comparatively recently to give an impression of archaism and mystery, for example in the works of J. R. R. Tolkien. ... Wight is an obsolete word for a human or other intelligent being (cognate to modern German Wicht, meaning small person, dwarf, and also unpleasant guy). It is used now only to give an impression of archaism and mystery, for example in the works of J. R. R. Tolkien. ... One of Jenny Nyströms Christmas-themed tomte paintings, a popular image of the modern tomte A tomte or nisse is a mythical creature of Scandinavian folklore, believed to take care of a farmers home and barn and protect it from misfortune, in particular at night, when the... A signature Cox Brownie A brownie, brounie/Urisk (Lowland Scots) or ùruisg/brùnaidh (Scottish Gaelic) is a legendary kind of elf popular in folklore around Scotland and England (especially the north). ... For other uses, see Domovoi (disambiguation). ... Bronze monument of a krasnoludek - the memorial of PomaraÅ„czowa Alternatywa (Orange Alternative), Polish unoficial social movement (1982-1988) against communist regime. ... Baka dancers in the East Province of Cameroon Batwa dancers in Uganda This article is about the Pygmy people. ... The Hackers (Swedish Hackare) were a race of short people who used to live in Scandinavia, according to Swedish folklore. ... This article is about the creature in Irish mythology. ... In Polynesian mythology, the Menehune are similar to elves or fairies. ... Ebu Gogo is a human-like creature (or race of creatures) which appears in the mythology of the people of the island of Flores, Indonesia, of similar form to the leprechaun or elf. ... In Basque mythology, the basajaun (plural: baxajaunak) were an ancient human race of stout, hairy wild men who were megalith builders. ... The god Bes. ...

The creation of dwarves in Norse mythology

"Then the gods set themselves in their high-seats and held counsel. They remembered how the dwarves had quickened in the mould of the earth like maggots in flesh. The dwarves had first been created and had quickened in Ymir's flesh, and were then maggots; but now, by the decision of the gods, they got the understanding and likeness of men, but still had to dwell in the earth and in rocks. Modsogner was one dwarf and Durin another. So it is said in the Völuspá: Look up maggot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Ymir is killed by the sons of Borr in this artwork by Lorenz Frølich In Norse mythology, Ymir, also named Aurgelmir (Old Norse gravel-yeller) among the giants themselves, was the founder of the race of frost giants and an important figure in Norse cosmology. ... Völuspá (The Prophecy of the Seeress) is the first poem in the Poetic Edda. ...

Þá gengu regin öll
á rökstóla,
ginnheilög goð,
ok um þat gættusk,
hverr skyldi dverga
dróttir skepja,
ór Brimis blóði
ok ór Bláins leggjum.
Þar var Mótsognir
mæztr um orðinn
dverga allra,
en Durinn annarr.
Þeir mannlíkön
mörg um gørðu,
dvergar, ór jörðu,
sem Durinn sagði.(standardised)
Then sought the gods
their assembly-seats,
The holy ones,
and council held,
To find who should raise
the race of dwarves
Out of Brimir’s blood
and the legs of Blain.
There was Motsognir
the mightiest made
Of all the dwarves,
and Durin next;
Many a likeness
of men they made,
The dwarves in the earth,
as Durin said." (Bellow's translation)

Dwarf places

The Dwarves' Cavern (in Hasel, Germany) was supposedly once home to many dwarves. This legend gives the cavern its name. // What is a HASEL check for? A HASEL check is carried out in an aircraft whenever a manouver which could result in the loss of control of the aircraft or when carrying out a dangerous manouver which could have an affect of other aircraft in the vicinity are about to...


Harz Mountains (in Germany): On the north and south sides of the Harz mountains, and in areas of the Hohenstein region, there once lived many thousands of dwarves according to local tradition. In the clefts of the cliffs, the dwarf caves still exist.


Simonside Hills (in Northumberland, England) in folklore is home to malicious dwarves who cause the deaths of hikers. Northumberland is a county in the North East of England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


Tyre (in Lebanon): In ancient Jewish scriptures, dwarves were numerous in the towers of the fortresses of Tyre. The Triumphal Arch Tyre (Arabic , Phoenician , Hebrew Tzor, Tiberian Hebrew , Akkadian , Greek Týros) is a city in the South Governorate of Lebanon. ...


Chamorro people believe in tales of taotaomonas, duendes and other spirits. Duende (mythology), according to the "Chamorro-English Dictionary" by Donald Topping, Pedro Ogo and Bernadita Dungca, is a goblin, elf, ghost or spook in the form of a dwarf, a mischievous spirit which hide or take small kids. Taotaomona are spirits of the ancient Chamorro that act as guardians to banyan trees.[2] The Chamorros are an indigenous people of Guam and the Mariana Islands. ... For other uses, see Goblin (disambiguation). ... Read psychedelic section for amazing info! on the experiments of real elves good for school projects This article is about the small mythical creature, for the 2003 film, see Elf (film). ... For other uses, see Ghost (disambiguation). ... This article is about the tree. ...


Dwarves in Arthurian legend

Though most dwarves in the Arthurian romances of Chrétien de Troyes seem to be short humans, there is a reference to a kingdom or kingdoms of dwarves (suggesting a non-human race) in "Erec and Enide." The following passage is from Carleton W. Carroll's translation. Chrétien de Troyes was a French poet and trouvère who flourished in the late 12th century. ... Erec and Enide (French: Erec et Enid) is Chrétien de Troyess first romance, completed around 1170. ...

"The lord of the dwarves came next, Bilis, king of the Antipodes. The man of whom I'm speaking was indeed a dwarf and full brother of Bliant. Bilis was the smallest of all the dwarves, and Bliant his brother the largest of all the knights in the kingdom by half a foot or a full hands'-breadth. To display his power and authority Bilis brought in his company two kings who were dwarves, who held their land by his consent, Gribalo and Glodoalan, people looked at them with wonder. When they arrived at court, they were very cordially welcomed; at court all three were honoured and served like kings, for they were very noble men."

More ambiguous are the dwarfs found in attendance on ladies in romances. Although these might be humans afflicted with dwarfism, who were often kept as curiosities by courts and nobles of the era, the ladies are often of uncertain origin themselves; many enchantresses were in original stories fairies, and their attendants might likewise be nonhuman.[3] As a literary genre, romance or chivalric romance refers to a style of heroic prose and verse narrative current in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. ... by Sophie Anderson For other uses, see Fairy (disambiguation). ...


Folk tales (and similar stories) featuring dwarves

The Adventures of Billy McDaniel, Aid & Punishment, Bottile Hill, Chamois-Hunter, The Cobbler and the Dwarfs, Curiosity Punished, Dwarf in Search of Lodging, Dwarf-Husband, Dwarf's Banquet, Dwarves Borrowing Bread, Dwarf's Feast, Dwarves on the Tree, Dwarves Stealing Corn, Dwarf-Sword Tirfing, The Field of Ragwort, Fir Cones, Freddy and his Fiddle, Friendly Dwarves, Gertrude and Rosy, The Girl Who Picked Strawberries, The Hazel-nut Child, The Hill-Man at the Dance, History of Dwarf Long Nose, Journey of Dwarves Over the Mountain, Knurremurre, Laird O' Co', Little Mukra, Loki & the Dwarf, Lost Bell, Nihancan & Dwarf's Arrow, Nutcracker Dwarf, Rejected Gift, Snow-White and Rose-Red, Rumpelstiltskin, The Silver Bell, Sir Thynnè, The Skipper and the Dwarfs, Smith Riechert, Snow White, The Story of Maia, Thorston & the Dwarf, The Three Little Men in the Wood, Thumbkin, Timimoto, Wonderful Little Pouch, The Yellow Dwarf For other uses see Tyrfing (disambiguation) Tyrfing or Tirfing was a magic sword which figures in a poem from the Elder Edda called The Waking of Angantýr, and in Hervarar saga. ... The Hazel-nut Child is a Bukowinaer fairy tale collected by Dr Heinrich von Wlislocki in Märchen Und Sagen Der Bukowinaer Und Siebenbûrger Armenier. ... Snow White and Rose Red beating the snow off the bear. ... Illustration of Rumpelstiltskin from Andrew Langs The Blue Fairy Book, ca. ... This article is about the Snow White character. ... The Three Little Men in the Wood or The Three Dwarfs is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm, number 13. ... The Yellow Dwarf is a French literary fairy tale by Madame dAulnoy. ...


Dwarves and the Orange Alternative

The Dwarf - the symbol of the Orange Alternative - now has a statue in Wrocław (Breslau), Poland, in the place where all Dwarf happenings started.

During the 1980s in Poland, the Dwarves entered into politics. This happened thanks to an underground artistic opposition movement known as the Orange Alternative. The Orange Alternative was created in 1981 by Waldemar Fydrych alias "Major", a graduate of history and art history at the University of Wrocław. He began his opposition activities by painting absurd dwarf graffiti on spots created by the authorities covering up anti-communist slogans. DWARFS UNITE!! Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1230x1770, 189 KB) Wroclaw, Poland: bronze dwarf - the memorial of PomaraÅ„czowa Alternatywa (Orange Alternative), Polish unoficial movement (1982-1988) against communist regime. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1230x1770, 189 KB) Wroclaw, Poland: bronze dwarf - the memorial of PomaraÅ„czowa Alternatywa (Orange Alternative), Polish unoficial movement (1982-1988) against communist regime. ... Orange Alternative (PomaraÅ„czowa Alternatywa) is a name for an underground anarchist movement which was started and led by Waldemar Fydrych (sometimes misspelled as Frydrych), known then as Major (Commander of the Festung Breslau), in Wroclaw in 1983. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Motto: Miasto spotkaÅ„ (the meeting place) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lower Silesian Powiat city county Gmina WrocÅ‚aw Established 10th century City Rights 1262 Government  - Mayor RafaÅ‚ Dutkiewicz Area  - City 292. ...


Dwarves in modern fantasy fiction

Tolkien's dwarves

Traditionally, the plural of dwarf was "dwarfs", especially when referring to actual humans with dwarfism, but ever since J. R. R. Tolkien used dwarves in his fantasy novel The Hobbit, the subsequent The Lord of the Rings (often published in three volumes), and the posthumously published The Silmarillion, the plural forms "dwarfs" has been replaced by "dwarves". (When discussing Tolkien's universe, though, only the latter should be used.) Tolkien, who was fond of low philological jests, also suggested two other plural forms, dwarrows and dwerrows; but he never used them in his writings, apart from the name 'Dwarrowdelf', the Western name for Khazad-dûm or Moria, which was, inside his fiction, a calque of the Westron name Phurunargian. His Dwarves' name for themselves was Khazâd, singular probably Khuzd. 'Dwarrow' is the plural of Dweorh in Anglo-Saxon. In J. R. R. Tolkiens fictional universe of Middle-earth, Dwarves (also known as the Naugrim) are beings of short stature who all possess beards and are often friendly with Hobbits, although long suspicious of Elves. ... This article is about the medical condition. ... Tolkien redirects here. ... This article is about the novel. ... The Silmarillion is a collection of J. R. R. Tolkiens mythopoeic works, edited and published posthumously by his son Christopher Tolkien in 1977, with assistance from Guy Gavriel Kay, who would later become a noted fantasy fiction writer. ... Philology, etymologically, is the love of words. It is most accurately defined as an affinity toward the learning of the backgrounds as well as the current usages of spoken or written methods of human communication. The commonality of studied languages is more important than their origin or age (that is... In the fiction of J. R. R. Tolkien, Moria was an ominous name given by the Eldar to what had once been an enormous underground complex in north-western Middle-earth, comprising a vast network of tunnels, chambers, mines and huge halls or mansions, that ran under and ultimately through... // In linguistics, a calque (pronounced ) or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word (Latin: verbum pro verbo) or root-for-root translation. ... In J. R. R. Tolkiens fantasy world of Middle-earth, the Westron or Common Speech is the closest thing to a universal language, at least at the time during which The Lord of the Rings is set. ...


The Dwarves were created by Aulë, one of the Valar, when he grew impatient waiting for the coming of Children of Ilúvatar. Ilúvatar gave them life after rebuking Aulë for what he had done and seeing that he was both humble and repentant. Aulë is a fictional character from J. R. R. Tolkiens legendarium. ... The Valar (singular Vala) are characters in J. R. R. Tolkiens legendarium. ... In Tolkiens fiction, The Children of Ilúvatar refers to Elves and Men. ... Eru (the One), also called Ilúvatar (the Father of All), is the name in the legendarium of J.R.R. Tolkien for the supreme God. ...


Dwarves in Tolkien are long-lived, living nearly four times the age of man (about 250 years), but are not prolific breeders, having children rarely and spaced far apart, and having few women among them. Dwarvish children are cherished by their parents, and are defended at all costs from their traditional enemies, such as Orcs. A longstanding enmity between Dwarves and Elves is also a staple of the racial conception. In J. R. R. Tolkiens fantasy writings, Orcs or Orks are a race of creatures who are used as soldiers and henchmen by both the greater and lesser villains of The Silmarillion and The Lord of the Rings — Morgoth, Sauron and Saruman. ... In J. R. R. Tolkiens legendarium, an Elf is an individual member of one of the races that inhabit the lands of Arda. ...


Many modern views of dwarves have been inspired by Tolkien's works. An example of this is Christopher Paolini's Eragon. In both cases dwarves are small, stout, bearded men-like creatures who favor the mattock or battle axe as primary weapons. These dwarves also burrow in mountains, being very skilled miners and making entire civilizations under the mountains. In The Lord of the Rings, one of these mine-civilizations is called Moria. In Eragon, a very similar civilization is called Farthen Dur. Christopher Paolini (born November 17, 1983 in Southern California) is an American writer. ... This article is about the novel. ...


Dwarves after Tolkien

Tolkien's immense popularity led to numerous imitators, and rewrites and reworkings of his plots were extremely common, as a bit of reading through the advertisements in the back of paperback fantasy books printed in around [[1960–1980 will show. The Dwarves from the book The Hobbit became the fathers to hordes of dwarves that would follow, with their surly, somewhat suspicious demeanour passing to an entire race. Still, re-envisionings and creative reuses of the concept exist. Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


Dwarves in role-playing games

The Dwarves of the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game are closely derived from the Old Norse stereotype popularised by J. R. R. Tolkien, although a few unique variants on the theme exist. In the Dungeons & Dragons fantasy role-playing game, dwarves are a humanoid race, one of the primary races available for play as player characters. ... This article is about the role-playing game. ... This article is about games in which one plays the role of a character. ...


In Warhammer Fantasy Roleplay, dwarves are miners and blacksmiths of great repute who live in massive halls beneath the mountains. In addition, they are consummate engineers who are often portrayed as having a very down-to-earth attitude. They are very technollogically advanced, being able to access handguns, pistols, cannons, and even more outlandish technological devices such as flame cannons, organ guns, and gyrocopters. Like most modern interpretations (originating with Tolkien and used in Dungeons and Dragons) dwarves have an antipathy against Elves. Warhammer Fantasy Roleplay (abbreviated to WFRP or WHFRP) is a role-playing game set in the Warhammer Fantasy setting. ... For alternate meanings, see Lightning (disambiguation). ...


In Sacred (computer game), the dwarf race is available as a playable character when the expansion, Sacred Underwold came out. You start out as a dwarf suffering from amnesia and the range of weapons would be from pistols, rifles, axes and warhammers. You also can be equipped with a "backpack" with cannons attached to it, and among all the characters available, they are unable to ride horses. Sacred is a PC Action-RPG, released in 2004, with characters of various races (dark elf, wood elf, vampiress, etc. ...


In Arcanis, dwarves are descended from a race of Celestial Giants, cursed by the King of the Human Gods to forever be stunted and live under the earth. Arcanis is an award-winning campaign setting for the Dungeons & Dragons game, created and supported by Paradigm Concepts. ...


In the MMORPG RuneScape, dwarves are, obviously, a short race with short tempers to match. They are also blessed with a remarkable ingenuity that surpasses the other races. Their particular interest is in engineering, for it seems to them a thoroughly sensible way of doing things that weaker and more foolish races resort to magic for. This mistrust of magic is a long-held conviction for the dwarves, who, aside from the odd casting of Superheat Item, have not used magic in any significant way since the construction of Keldagrim all those many centuries ago. An image from World of Warcraft, one of the largest commercial MMORPGs as of 2004, based on active subscriptions. ... RuneScape is a Java-based MMORPG operated by Jagex Ltd. ...


The dwarves of RuneScape are an especially economically aware race, as visitors to Keldagrim will notice when they first view the impressive trading floor in the Consortium's Palace. The Consortium, who rule the dwarves, are the most powerful of the dwarven corporations and their wealth is beyond compare even among other races. This is no real surprise, of course, for the dwarves have been mining for gold and precious stones and metals since well before humans abandoned their nomadic existence.


In Earthdawn, dwarves are one of the more widespread races. They generally have a lifespan of around 100-120 years and are great craftsmen. Appearance wise, they are around 4 feet tall, stocky and well muscled with short legs and slightly pointed ears. Earthdawn is a fantasy role-playing game, originally produced by FASA. It has since been licensed to Living Room Games, which is producing the Second Edition line, and RedBrick Limited, a company that is producing the Classic line (which is essentially an alternate second edition; see History below for more...


In Warcraft the Dwarven archetype is taken to the extreme in emulating the highland miners of the British Isles replete with Scottish accents and inhabitting the Brittonic sounding kingdom of Khaz Modan. Warcraft: Orcs & Humans is a real-time strategy computer game developed and published by Blizzard Entertainment in 1994. ... This article is about the country. ...


Dwarves in the Palladium Fantasy Role-Playing Game are also accomplished smiths, but their distrust of magic dates to the Elf-Dwarf War, where the Dwarves caused many atrocities by misusing magic. Their descendants have since sworn to never use magic. The Palladium Fantasy Role-Playing Game is a game produced by Palladium Books. ...


In the MMORPG Guild Wars, Dwarves are a strong race that resides in the Shiverpeak Mountains, and are in the middle of a fierce civil war between the Deldrimor Dwarves, lead by the King Jalis Ironhammer, a powerful warrior who uses a mighty hammer, and the Stone Summit, who believe that only Dwarves are pure and worth living. They are lead by the powerful elementalist, Dagnar Stonepate, who rides on a mighty ice drake. An image from World of Warcraft, one of the largest commercial MMORPGs as of 2004, based on active subscriptions. ... This article is for the Guild Wars series. ... Look up Drake in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In The Elder Scrolls series of RPGs, the Dwarves are, in fact, a sub-race of elves known as the Dwemer, or "Deep Ones". The name "Dwarves" was given to the Dwemer by a race of friendly giants the Dwemer were reputed to have encountered in the mountains to the west of Resdayn. In the case of the Dwemer, therefore, "Dwarf" is a misnomer, used commonly by the misinformed. The Dwemer were an advanced race, creating complex mechanisms and high-quality armor. One example of their machinery is the Imperial Orrery, a planetarium within the Imperial City's Arcane University. Bethesda Softworks Elder Scrolls 10th anniversary logo from 2004. ... The Dwemer (pronounced //) are a fictional race of elves from The Elder Scrolls video game universe. ...


Dwarves in Artemis Fowl

In a rather more creative reworking, the Artemis Fowl series' dwarves act as a sort of earthworm, tunnelling through soil and loose rocks and getting nutrition thereby, excreting it just as fast as they eat it except when they need to build up pressure to break through a layer of solid rock. They are short, round, and hairy, have large tombstone teeth, unhingible jaws, sensitive beard hair, suction-cup-like pores, luminous and hardening spit, and are incredibly foul smelling. They are sensitive, intelligent, and have tendencies for being criminals. The most famous one is Mulch Diggums. Dwarves are, in some legends, said to have a third eyeball located just below the ribcage, in place of a navel. This was reportedly because they were omnipotent, and could see into one's soul. Dwarves are also known for loving gold and gems, tunnelling, and the dark. They are very sensitive to the sun and can burn in mere minutes. They absolutely hate fire. The term Artemis Fowl may refer to several things. ... Mulch Diggums is a fictional kleptomaniac dwarf from the Artemis Fowl series by Irish fiction author Eoin Colfer. ...


Female dwarves

A long standing source of interest (and humour) comes from the allusion of Tolkien to female dwarves having beards, which was borrowed by other writers. In addition to being rare creatures they are perhaps not often featured in many fantasy milieu for this reason. A more cynical suspicion is that female dwarves (unlike, say, female humans or elves) lack sex appeal and consequently are of little interest to fantasy fans. The bearded woman has been a phenomenon of legend, curiosity, ridicule, and more recently, political statement and fashion statement. ... For alternate meanings, see Lightning (disambiguation). ... ...


Tolkien writes his Dwarf-women are "in voice and appearance, and in garb if they must go on a journey, so like to dwarf-men that the eyes and ears of the other peoples cannot tell them apart." This, he writes, leads to the belief that dwarves grow out of stone.[4] In [[The Chronicles of Narnia, in fact, C. S. Lewis, who was a friend of Tolkien, describes his Dwarfs [sic] as doing just this, and it is possible that Tolkien was ribbing Lewis in making this point. Interestingly, though, Lewis' all-male Dwarfs are capable of mixing with humans to make half-Dwarfs, such as Doctor Cornelius, the tutor of Prince Caspian. (In later writings, Tolkien directly states that his female Dwarves have beards "from the beginning of their lives", as do the males.[5]) Clive Staples Jack Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963), commonly referred to as C. S. Lewis, was an Irish author and scholar. ... Prince Caspian is a novel for children by C. S. Lewis, first published in 1951. ...


In the MMORPG RuneScape, female dwarves are as present in the game as the females of other races. An image from World of Warcraft, one of the largest commercial MMORPGs as of 2004, based on active subscriptions. ... RuneScape is a Java-based MMORPG operated by Jagex Ltd. ...


In Dungeons & Dragons the status of beards on dwarven women varies by setting and editions: In Greyhawk, dwarven women grow beards but generally shave; in Forgotten Realms they grow sideburns but not beards or mustaches in AD&D, but full beards in 3rd edition; and in Eberron they do not grow beards at all. This article is about the role-playing game setting. ... It has been suggested that Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting be merged into this article or section. ... Sideburns (or colloquially sideboards[1] or mutton chops[2]) are patches of facial hair on the sides of a mans face, in front of the ears. ... A moustache (sometimes spelled mustache in the United States) is an outgrowth of hair above the upper lip. ... The Eberron logo Eberron is a campaign setting created by author and game designer Keith Baker for the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game. ...


In the Discworld novels, Terry Pratchett notes that bearded dwarven females pose a major problem for their race, and states that the point of dwarven courtships is to 'tactfully find out which sex the other one is'. This article is about the novels. ... Terence David John Pratchett, OBE (born 28 April 1948) is a British fantasy and science fiction author, best known for his Discworld series. ...


Arcanum: Of Steamworks & Magick Obscura features only male dwarves, and asking one about dwarven women is taboo, tantamount to insulting him. The game's manual hints that the reason for this is that the birth of a female dwarf is a rare event, with dwarven men outnumbering the women 2-to-1, and dwarven women are pregnant with their children for up to ten years, during which time their health is greatly at risk. Dwarven culture, therefore, requires that female dwarves spend almost all of their lives concealed from the outside world, for their own safety.


In the RPG Castle Falkenstein, all dwarves are male. They marry with women from other Faerie races, such as Naiads or Selkies; their daughters are all members of their mother's race, and their sons are all dwarves. Given that the Naiads and Selkies are all female, this would appear to suggest that this is simply a marked example of sexual dimorphism. Castle Falkenstein was an innovative steampunk-themed fantasy role-playing game designed by Mike Pondsmith and originally published by R. Talsorian Games. ... Female (left) and male Common Pheasant, illustrating the dramatic difference in both color and size, between the sexes Sexual dimorphism is the systematic difference in form between individuals of different sex in the same species. ...


In a notable departure from convention, dwarven females in the Korea-produced Lineage II MMORPG are very comely, young-looking women (almost girls, actually), a shocking contrast to the grizzled, old look of male dwarves. Female dwarves, however, are taller than males, and look more like young human girls, with larger heads and stomachs. Lineage II: The Chaotic Throne (Korean:리니지 2) is a fantasy massive multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) for the PC, and a prequel to Lineage. ... A screenshot of Eternal Lands, a MMORPG Massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) is a genre of online role-playing video games (RPGs) in which a large number of players interact with one another in a virtual world. ...


In the Warhammer world, Dwarves are depicted as having female members of the race. Female members are rarely seen, however, as most Dwarven warriors are male. From what evidence can be gathered, female Dwarfs of the Warhammer kind look like female equivalents of their male counterparts, possessing long, platted hair instead of beards. For the tabletop games, see Warhammer Fantasy and Warhammer 40,000. ...


See also

Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... A Book of Dwarfs is a 1964 anthology of 17 fairy tales from around the world that have been collected and retold by Ruth Manning-Sanders. ... Ruth Manning-Sanders (born 1895 in Swansea, Wales; died October 12, 1988, in Penzance, England) was a poet and author who was perhaps best known for her series of childrens books in which she collected and retold fairy tales from all over the world. ... Dark Elves are often malicious counterparts to the Light Elves (or High Elves) in modern popular culture originally inspired by the Svartálfar, figures in Germanic paganism. ... Dwarfs in Terry Pratchetts Discworld novels are similar to the Dwarves of J. R. R. Tolkiens Middle-earth, which they largely started out as a homage to, and dwarfs/dwarves in other fantasy novels. ... In the Dungeons & Dragons fantasy role-playing game, dwarves are a humanoid race, one of the primary races available for play as player characters. ... In J. R. R. Tolkiens fictional universe of Middle-earth, Dwarves (also known as the Naugrim) are beings of short stature who all possess beards and are often friendly with Hobbits, although long suspicious of Elves. ... This article is about dwarfs in Warhammer Fantasy. ... The Dwemer (pronounced //) are a fictional race of elves from The Elder Scrolls video game universe. ... This article is about the mythical creature. ... The Nain Rouge, French for red dwarf or red gnome, is a mythical creature that haunts Detroit, Michigan, United States and feared by its residents as the harbinger of doom. ... In Norse mythology, the dwarves (Old Norse: dvergar, sing. ... The tigrakhauda (Orthocorybantians) relief of eastern stairs of the Apadana of Persepolis. ... This article is about the legendary or mythical race. ... In Norse mythology, the svartálfar (black elves) or dökkálfar (dark elves) are supernatural beings (Old Norse vættir, wights) that are said to reside in the underground world of Svartálfheim. ... Tolkien redirects here. ... For other uses, see Troll (disambiguation). ...

Modern fantasy with major roles for Dwarves

The term Artemis Fowl may refer to several things. ... Narnia redirects here. ... This article is about the novels. ... This article is about the book. ... This article is about the novel. ... This article is about the novel. ... Eldest is the second book in the planned Inheritance cycle by Christopher Paolini. ... Christopher Paolini (born November 17, 1983 in Southern California) is an American writer. ...

Bibliography

  • Carleton W. Carroll, trans. "Erec and Enide," in Chrétien de Troyes. Arthurian Romances. William W. Kibler, trans. London: Penguin Books, 1991.
  • Vandebrake, Mark, Children of the Mist: Dwarfs in German Mythology, Fairy Tales, and Folk Legends 135 pages. A work that interprets dwarf depictions throughout German history as shadow symbols.

References

  1. ^ Carpenter, Humphrey (ed.), 1981, The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien, p. 23
  2. ^ Guampdn.com, Ghost stories: Taotaomona, duendes and other spirits inhabit Guam
  3. ^ Katharine Briggs, "Dwarfs", An Encyclopedia of Fairies, Hobgoblins, Brownies, Boogies, and Other Supernatural Creatures (Pantheon Books, 1976), p. 115. ISBN 0-394-73467-X
  4. ^ J. R. R. Tolkien (April 1, 1987), The Return of the King, vol. 3, The Lord of the Rings, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, pp. Appendix A, "Part III: Durin's Folk", ISBN 0-395-08256-0
  5. ^ J. R. R. Tolkien (1994), Christopher Tolkien, ed., The War of the Jewels, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, pp. The Later Quenta Silmarillion, "Of the Naugrim and the Edain", ISBN 0-395-71041-3

Tolkien redirects here. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the book. ... This article is about the novel. ... Houghton Mifflin Company is a leading educational publisher in the United States. ... Tolkien redirects here. ... Christopher Reuel Tolkien (born November 21, 1924) is best known as the third son of author J. R. R. Tolkien (1892-1973), and as the editor of much of his fathers posthumously published work. ... The War of the Jewels is the 11th volume of Christopher Tolkiens series The History of Middle-earth, analysing the unpublished manuscripts of his father J. R. R. Tolkien. ... Houghton Mifflin Company is a leading educational publisher in the United States. ...

External links


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