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Encyclopedia > Dutch standards

Dutch Standard reference values for environmental investigation, clean up and remediation. In politics and other non-technical contexts, nature or (the) (natural) environment often refers to that part of the natural world that people deem important or valuable, for any reason — economic, aesthetic, philosophical, hedonistic, sentimental, etc. ... Remediation is the removal of pollution or contaminants from land, including sediments in waterways, for the general protection of the environment or, quite commonly, from a brownfield site so that it can be reused. ...

Parameter Soil (mg/kg dry matter) Groundwater (µg/l)
  reference value intervention value reference value intervention value
I metals        
cadmium (Cd) 0.8 12 0.4 6
chromium (Cr) 100.0 380 1 30
copper (Cu) 36.0 190 15 75
nickel (Ni) 35.0 210 15 75
lead (Pb) 85.0 530 15 75
zinc (Zn) 140 720 65 800
mercury (Hg) 0.3 10.0 0.05 0.3
arsenic (As) 29.0 55.0 10 60
barium (Ba) 160 625 50 625
cobalt (Co) 9.0 240 20 100
molybdenum (Mo) 3.0 200 5 300
antimony (Sb) 3.0 15 0.15 10
beryllium (Be) 1.1 30 0.05 15
silver (Ag) - 15 - 40
selenium (Se) 0.7 100 0.07 160
tellurium (Te) - 600 - 70
thallium (Th) 1.0 15 2 7
tin (Sn) - 900 2.2 50
vanadium (V) 42.0 250 1.2 70
         
II inorganic compounds        
cyanides - free 1 20 5 1500
cyanides - complex (pH < 5) 5 650 10 1500
cyanides - complex (pH >= 5) 5 50 10 1500
thiocyanates 1 20 - 1500
bromide 20 - 300 -
chloride - - 100000 -
fluoride 500 - 500 -
         
III (volatile) aromatic compounds        
benzene 0.01 1 0.20 30
toluene 0.01 130 7.00 1000
ethyl benzene 0.03 50 4.00 150
xylene 0.1 25 0.20 70
phenol 0.05 40 0.2 2000
cresols 0.05 5 0.2 200
catechol 0.05 20 0.2 1250
resorcinol 0.05 10 0.2 600
hydroquinone 0.05 10 0.2 800
dodecylbenzene - 1000 - 0.02
styrene (vinylbenzene) 0.3 100 6 300
         
IV polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)        
PAH (sum of 10) 1 40 - -
  naphthalene - - 0.01 70
  phenanthrene - - 0.003 5
  anthracene - - 0.0007 5
  fluoranthene - - 0.003 1
  benzo(a)anthracene - - 0.0001 0.5
  chrysene - - 0.003 0.2
  benzo(k)fluoroanthene - - 0.0004 0.05
  benzo(a)pyrene - - 0.0005 0.05
  benzo(ghi)perylene - - 0.0003 0.05
  indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene - - 0.0004 0.05
         
V chlorinated hydrocarbons        
dichloromethane 0.4 10 0.01 1000
trichloromethane 0.02 10 6 400
carbon tetrachloride 0.4 1 0.01 10
trichloroethylene 0.1 60 24 500
tetrachloroethylene 0.002 4 0.01 40
1,1-dichloroethane 0.02 15 7 900
1,2-dichloroethane 0.02 4 7 400
1,2-dichloroethene (cis. trans) * 0.2 1 0.01 20
1,1-dichloroethene 0.1 0.3 0.01 10
vinyl chloride 0.01 0.1 0.01 5
1,1,1-trichloroethane 0.07 15 0.01 300
1,1,2-trichloroethane 0.4 10 0.01 130
chlorobenzene (sum) 0.03 30 - -
monochlorobenzene - - 7 180
dichlorobenzenes (sum) - - 3 50
trichlorobenzenes (sum) - - 0.01 10
tetrachlorobenzenes (sum) - - 0.01 2.5
pentachlorobenzene - - 0.003 1
hexachlorobenzene - - 0.00009 0.5
chlorophenols (sum) 0.01 10 - -
monochlorophenols (sum) - - 0.3 100
dichlorophenols (sum) - - 0.2 30
trichlorophenols (sum) - - 0.03 10
tetrachlorphenols (sum) 0.01 10    
pentachlorophenol - - 0.04 3
chloronaphthalene - - - 6
polychlorobiphenyl (sum) 0.02 1 0.01 0.01
EOX 0.3 - - -
dioxin - 0.001 - 0.001ng/l
monochloraniline 0.005 50 - 30
dichloroaniline 0.005 50 - 100
trichloroaniline - 10 - 10
tetrachloroaniline - 30 - 10
pentachloroaniline - 10 - 1
4-chloromethylphenols - 15 - 350
dichloropropanes 0.002 2 0.8 80
         
VI insecticides      
DDT/DDD/DDE 0.01 4 0.004 ng/l 0.01
drins 0.005 4 - 0.1
aldrin 0.00006 - 0.009 ng/l -
dieldrin 0.0005 - 0.1 ng/l -
endrin 0.00004 - 0.04 ng/l -
HCH-compounds - 2 0.05 1
α-HCH 0.003 - 33 ng/l -
β-HCH 0.009 - 8 ng/l -
γ-HCH 0.00005 - 9 ng/l -
carbaryl - 5 2 ng/l 50
carbofuran - 2 9 ng/l 100
maneb - 35 0.05 ng/l 0.1
atrazine 0.0002 6 29 ng/l 150
chlordane - 4 0.02 ng/l 0.2
heptachlor - 4 0.005 ng/l 0.3
heptachlor-epoxide - 4 0.005 ng/l 3
endosulfan - 4 0.2 ng/l 5
organic tin compounds (sum) - 2.5 0.05-16 ng/l 0.7
azinphosmethyl 0.000005 2 0.1 ng/l 2
MCPA - - 0.02 50
         
VII Other contaminants        
cyclohexanone 0.1 45 0.5 15000
ftalates (sum) 0.1 60 0.5 5
mineral oil 50 5000 50 600
pyridine 0.1 0.5 0.5 30
tetrahydrofuran 0.1 2 0.5 300
tetrahydrothiophene 0.1 90 0.5 5000
monoethylene glycol - 100 - 5500
diethylene glycol - 270 - 13000
acrylonitrile 0.000007 0.1 0.08 5
formaldehyde - 0.1 - 50
methanol - 30 - 24000
butanol - 30 - 5600
1,2 butylacetate - 200 - 6300
methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) - 100 - 9200
methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) - 35 - 6000
tribromomethane - 75 - 630
ethylacetate - 75 - 15000
isopropanol - 220 - 31000
A case of environmental contamination is 'serious' if >25 m3 soil or >100 m3 groundwater is contaminated above the intervention value.

The reference values for soil are adjusted for the organic matter (humus) content and soil fraction < 0.2 µm (lutum). Above values are calculated for a 'Standard Soil' with 10% organic matter and 25% lutum. Soil is material capable of supporting plant life. ... The milligram (symbol mg) is an SI unit of mass. ... The international prototype, made of platinum-iridium, which is kept at the BIPM under conditions specified by the 1st CGPM in 1889. ... Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of geologic formations. ... The microgram (symbol µg, sometimes mcg) is an SI unit of mass. ... The litre (spelled litre in Commonwealth English and liter in American English) is a unit of capacity. ... Hot metal work from a blacksmith In chemistry, a metal (Greek: Metallon) is an element that readily forms ions (cations) and has metallic bonds, and metals are sometimes described as a lattice of positive ions (cations) in a cloud of electrons. ... General Name, Symbol, Number cadmium, Cd, 48 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 5, d Appearance silvery gray metallic Atomic mass 112. ... General Name, Symbol, Number chromium, Cr, 24 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 6, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Atomic mass 51. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic brown Atomic mass 63. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nickel, Ni, 28 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 4, d Appearance lustrous, metallic Atomic mass 58. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... General Name, Symbol, Number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Atomic mass 65. ... General Name, Symbol, Number mercury, Hg, 80 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 6, d Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 200. ... General Name, Symbol, Number arsenic, As, 33 Chemical series metalloids Group, Period, Block 15, 4, p Appearance metallic gray Atomic mass 74. ... General Name, Symbol, Number barium, Ba, 56 Chemical series alkaline earth metals Group, Period, Block 2, 6, s Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 137. ... General Name, Symbol, Number cobalt, Co, 27 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 9, 4, d Appearance metallic with gray tinge Atomic mass 58. ... General Name, Symbol, Number molybdenum, Mo, 42 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 6, 5, d Appearance gray metallic Atomic mass 95. ... General Name, Symbol, Number antimony, Sb, 51 Chemical series metalloids Group, Period, Block 15, 5, p Appearance silvery lustrous grey Atomic mass 121. ... General Name, Symbol, Number beryllium, Be, 4 Chemical series alkaline earth metals Group, Period, Block 2, 2, s Appearance white-gray metallic Atomic mass 9. ... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Atomic mass 107. ... General Name, Symbol, Number selenium, Se, 34 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 16, 4, p Appearance gray, metallic luster Atomic mass 78. ... General Name, Symbol, Number tellurium, Te, 52 Chemical series metalloids Group, Period, Block 16, 5, p Appearance silvery lustrous gray Atomic mass 127. ... General Name, Symbol, Number thallium, Tl, 81 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13, 6, p Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 204. ... General Name, Symbol, Number tin, Sn, 50 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 5, p Appearance silvery lustrous gray Atomic mass 118. ... Vanadium is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol V and atomic number 23. ... An inorganic compound is a chemical compound that is not an organic compound. ... A cyanide is any chemical compound that contains the cyano group C≡N, with the carbon atom triple-bonded to the nitrogen atom. ... The correct title of this article is pH. The initial letter is capitalized due to technical restrictions. ... Thiocyanate (also known as sulphocyanate or thiocyanide) is a functional group consisting of sulfur, carbon, and nitrogen: It has a charge of 1-. Example Potassium thiocyanate, KCNS It is analogous to the cyanate ion, with oxygen replaced by sulfur. ... A bromide is a phrase, or person who uses phrases, which have been used and repeated so many times as to become either insincere in their meaning, or seem like an attempt at trying to explain the obvious. ... The chloride ion is formed when the element chlorine picks up one electron to form the anion (negatively-charged ion) Cl−. The salts of hydrochloric acid HCl contain chloride ions and are also called chlorides. ... A fluoride ion is the ionic form of fluorine. ... The term aromatic compound may also refer to: any organic compound possessing a strong olfactory aroma aromatic hydrocarbons (originally named as a subset of the above; however, aromatic hydrocarbons do not necessarily possess any smell whatsoever) ... Benzene, also known as C6H6, PhH, and benzol, is an organic chemical compound that is a colorless and flammable liquid with a pleasant, sweet smell. ... Toluene, also known as methylbenzene or phenylmethane is a clear water-insoluble liquid with the typical smell of paint thinners, reminiscent of the sweet smell of the related compound benzene. ... Ethyl is a two-carbon substituent in organic chemistry. ... Benzene, also known as C6H6, PhH, and benzol, is an organic chemical compound that is a colorless and flammable liquid with a pleasant, sweet smell. ... The term xylenes refers to a group of 3 benzene derivatives which encompasses ortho-, meta-, and para- isomers of dimethyl benzene. ... Phenol, also known under the old name carbolic acid, is a colorless crystalline solid with a typical sweet tarry odor. ... Cresols are organic chemical compounds which are methylphenols. ... Catechol, also benzene-1,2-diol, is a phenol, with formula C6H4(OH)2. ... Resorcin (or resorcinol) is the (1,3) isomer of dihydroxybenzene (dihydric phenol). ... R-phrases , , , , , S-phrases , , , Flash point 165 °C RTECS number MX3500000 Supplementary data page Structure and properties n, εr, etc. ... Styrene (also vinyl benzene, ethenylbenzene, phenethylene or phenylethene, cinnamene, diarex HF 77, styrolene, styrol, styropol) is an organic compound which is an aromatic hydrocarbon having the chemical formula C8H8. ... An aromatic hydrocarbon (abbreviated as AH), or arene is a hydrocarbon, the molecular structure of which incorporates one or more planar sets of six carbon atoms that are connected by delocalised electrons numbering the same as if they consisted of alternating single and double covalent bonds. ... Naphthalene (also known as naphthalin, naphthaline, tar camphor, white tar, albocarbon, or naphthene) is a crystalline, aromatic, white, solid hydrocarbon, best known as the primary ingredient of mothballs. ... Phenanthrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon composed of three fused benzene rings--as the above formula shows. ... In chemistry, anthracene is a solid polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon consisting of three benzene rings derived from coal-tar. ... Fluoranthene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon consisting of a naphtalene and a benzene unit connected by a five-membered ring. ... Chemical structure of benzo-[a]-pyrene Benzopyrene is a five-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon that is crystalline and yellow color as part of its physical properties. ... Hydrocarbons are refined at oil refineries and chemical plants In chemistry, a hydrocarbon is any chemical compound that consists only of the elements carbon (C) and hydrogen (H). ... Dichloromethane or Methylene chloride is a chemical compound widely used as a solvent for organic materials. ... PEL-TWA (OSHA) 50 ppm (240 mg/m3) IDLH (NIOSH) 500 ppm Flash point non-flammable RTECS number FS9100000 Supplementary data page Structure & properties n, εr, etc. ... R-phrases , , , , S-phrases , , , , , Flash point non flammable RTECS number FG4900000 Supplementary data page Structure and properties n, εr, etc. ... The chemical compound trichloroethylene is a chlorinated hydrocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent. ... Tetrachloroethylene Cl2C=CCl2 is a manufactured chemical that is widely used for the dry cleaning of fabrics and for metal-degreasing. ... 1,1-Dichloroethane, commonly known by its older name ethylidene dichloride, or ethylidene chloride is a chlorinated hydrocarbon, a colorless aromatic oily liquid. ... Flash point  ? °C R/S statement R: ? S: ? RTECS number  ? Supplementary data page Structure and properties n, εr, etc. ... 1,2-Dichloroethene, commonly called 1,2-dichloroethylene or 1,2-DCE, is an organochloride with the molecular formula C2H2Cl2. ... CIS is an abbreviation of: Commonwealth of Independent States Canadian Interuniversity Sport Contact Image Sensor CompuServe Information Service Chinese International School Confederacy of Independent Systems (Star Wars) Continuous injection system Communication Information Services Card Information Structure Cisalpino See also uses of the word cis. ... Trans is a Latin word meaning across, beyond or on the opposite side and is the opposite of cis, which means on the same side. In chemistry, a bond not subject to free rotation in which the greater radical on both ends is on the opposite side of the bond... Disclaimer and references 1,1-Dichloroethene, commonly called 1,1-dichloroethylene or 1,1-DCE, is an organochloride with the molecular formula C2H2Cl2. ... Vinyl chloride, also known as chloroethene in IUPAC nomenclature, is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce its polymer, polyvinyl chloride (PVC). ... The chemical compound 1,1,1-trichloroethane is a chlorinated hydrocarbon that was until recently widely used as an industrial solvent. ... Disclaimer and references 1,1,2-Trichloroethane, or 1,1,2-TCA, is an organochloride solvent with the molecular formula C2H3Cl3. ... Chlorobenzene is an aromatic organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5Cl. ... Chlorobenzene is an aromatic organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5Cl. ... 시발 놈 ... Hexachlorobenzene(or perchlorobenzene)is a chlorinated hydrocarbon fungicide used as a seed treatment, especially on wheat. ... Pentachlorophenol (C6HCl5O) is a man-made (i. ... Labelling transformers containing PCBs. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Nano is a noun Name for an Apple Brand Ipod available in 2GB and 4GB memory sizes whose purpose is for storing and playing music. ... R-phrases , , , , , , S-phrases , , , , , , , Supplementary data page Structure and properties n, εr, etc. ... The haloalkanes (also known as Halogenoalkanes) are a group of chemical compounds, consisting of alkanes, such as methane or ethane, with one or more halogens linked, such as chlorine or fluorine, making them a type of organic halide. ... An insecticide is a pesticide whose purpose is to kill or to prevent the multiplication of insects. ... DDT was the first modern pesticide and is arguably the most well known organic pesticide. ... DDD can refer to, among others: Data Display Debugger the Delta Delta Delta sorority Dichloro-diphenyl-dichloroethane, see DDT Direct Distance Dialing Die Deterioration Doubling, see also die making A pure digital recording - recorded, mastered, and transferred digitally. ... Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE) is an old technology for communication between multiple applications under Microsoft Windows and also OS/2. ... Nano is a noun Name for an Apple Brand Ipod available in 2GB and 4GB memory sizes whose purpose is for storing and playing music. ... Drins is the group name of now banned chlorinated insecticides: aldrin, dieldrin and endrin, manufactured by Bayer AG. Category: ... Aldrin is a organochlorine insecticide which is oxidized in the insect to form the dieldrin, which acts as a neurotoxin on the insect. ... Dieldrin Dieldrin is a chlorinated hydrocarbon originally produced by Bayer AG as an insecticide. ... Endrin Endrin is a cyclodiene insecticide used on cotton, maize, and rice. ... Carbaryl is a chemical in the carbamate family used chiefly as an insecticide. ... Carbofuran is the most toxic of the carbamate pesticides. ... 2-chloro-4-(ethylamine)-6-(isopropylamine)-s-triazine, or Atrazine, is a s-triazine-ring herbicide that is used globally to stop pre and post emergence broadleaf and grassy weeds in major crops. ... Chlordane is a manufactured chemical that was used as a pesticide in the United States from 1948 to 1988. ... Heptachlor Heptachlor is an insecticide of empirical formula C10H5Cl7 that usually comes in the form of a white or tan powder, the tan powder being of lower purity. ... Endosulfan Endosulfan is a cyclodiene insecticide with the formula C9H6Cl6O3S, also used under the name thiodan and benzoepin. ... MCPA (2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxy-acetic acid, C9H9ClO3) is a powerful insecticide. ... Cyclohexanone is six-carbon cyclic molecule with a ketone functional group. ... Mineral oil or liquid petrolatum is a by-product in the distillation of petroleum to produce gasoline. ... R-phrases , , , S-phrases , , Flash point 20 °C Supplementary data page Structure and properties n, εr, etc. ... Tetrahydrofuran, also known as THF, hydrofuran, oxolane, oxacyclopentane, or furanidine, is a heterocyclic organic compound. ... Ethylene glycol (monoethylene glycol (MEG), IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an alcohol with two -OH groups (a diol), a chemical compound widely used as an automotive antifreeze. ... Ethylene glycol (monoethylene glycol (MEG), IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an alcohol with two -OH groups (a diol), a chemical compound widely used as an automotive antifreeze. ... Acrylonitrile (CH2=CH-C≡N), is a pungent smelling, extremely flammable organic liquid. ... The chemical compound formaldehyde (also known as methanal), is a gas with a strong pungent smell. ... Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol or wood alcohol, is a chemical compound with chemical formula CH3OH. It is the simplest alcohol, and is a light, volatile, colourless, flammable, poisonous liquid with a very faint odor. ... Butanol is a higher alcohol with a 4 carbon atom structure and a general formula of C4H10O. There are 4 different isomeric structures for butanol: butan-1-ol CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-OH (also n-butanol) butan-2-ol CH3-CH2-CH(OH)-CH3 (also sec-butanol) isobutyl alcohol CH3... Flash point 26 °C R/S statement , , , S: - RTECS number  ? Supplementary data page Structure and properties n, εr, etc. ... MTBE is highly flammable and is widely used as an oxygenate. ... MTBE is highly flammable and is widely used as an oxygenate. ... 2-Butanone is a manufactured organic chemical but it is also present in the environment from natural sources. ... MEK can stand for In Hungary the Magyar Elektronikus Konyvtar In chemistry Methyl ethyl ketone The Iranian organisation Mujahideen al-Khalq In cryptography Message Encryption Key MeK is a Warcraft III game clan This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which... Bromoform (CHBr3) is a pale yellowish liquid with a sweet odor, a halomethane similar to chloroform. ... Ethyl acetate, also known as acetic acid ethyl ester, ethyl ethanoate, acetic ether or acetic ester, is a clear, flammable liquid with a characteristic, not unpleasant smell like certain glues or nail polish removers. ... Isopropyl alcohol or isopropanol is a common name for 2-propanol, an alcohol commonly used for application to the skin, and popularly referred to as rubbing alcohol. ... Organic has several meanings and related topics. ... For article about the oriental food, see Hummus. ...


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