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Encyclopedia > Dutch paintings

This article deals with the culture of the Netherlands.


To get to know Netherlands' current popular culture and society, it's best to read the lyrics of a very popular song by Lange Frans & Baas B that apparently reflects the feelings of many people in the Netherlands: Het land van... ("The country of..."). It mentions several aspects of typical Dutch culture. One of them is an annual event called fietsvierdaagse. Lange Frans & Baas B (Tall Frans & Boss B) is a Dutch hip hop duo. ... entered the Dutch Radio 538 Top 40 on October 7th 2005 at number one. ... Fietsvierdaagse (bicycle four-days) is a Dutch bicycle event. ...

Contents


Architecture

Waag (Weigh House) - Gouda - 1667Built by Pieter Post (1608-1669)
Waag (Weigh House) - Gouda - 1667
Built by Pieter Post (1608-1669)

The first significant period of Dutch architecture was during the Dutch Golden Age. Due to the thriving economy cities expanded greatly. New town halls, weighhouses and storehouses were built. Merchants that had gained a fortune ordered a new house built along one of the many new canals that were dug out in and around many cities (for defense and transport purposes), a house with an ornamented façade that befitted their new status. In the countryside new country houses were built, though not in large numbers. For more information see: Dutch Golden Age. from Dutch WP (Gouda_waaggebouw_februari_2003. ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... // Events Samuel Pepys stopped writing his diary. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, αρχιτεκτων, a master builder, from αρχι- chief, leader and τεκτων, builder, carpenter) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... The Dutch Golden Age was a period in Dutch history, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world. ... The Dutch Golden Age was a period in Dutch history, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world. ...


See also:

During the 20th century Dutch architects played a leading role in the development of modern architecture. Out of the early 20th century rationalist architecture of Berlage, architect of the Amsterdam Beurs, three separate groups developed during the 1920’s, each with their own view on the direction modern architecture should take. Expressionist architects like M. de Klerk and P.J. Kramer in Amsterdam (also known as the Amsterdam School). Functionalist architects (Nieuwe Zakelijkheid or Nieuwe Bouwen) like Mart Stam (Housing in Stuttgart), L.C. van der Vlugt (Van Nelle Factory in Rotterdam) and Johannes Duiker (Zonnestraal in Hilversum and Open Air School in Amsterdam) connected with the international modernist group CIAM. A third group came out of De Stijl, J.J.P Oud and Gerrit Rietveld among them, both architects later built in a functionalist style. Mauritshuis Jacob van Campen (1596 - 1657) was a Dutch artist and architect. ... Events January 30 - William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet is performed for the first time. ... Events January 8 - Miles Sindercombe, would-be-assassin of Oliver Cromwell, and his group are captured in London February - Admiral Robert Blake defeats the Spanish West Indian Fleet in a battle over the seizure of Jamaica. ... The Vleeshal at the Grote Markt in Haarlem is a prime example of the work of Lieven de Key. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... Events A Dutch ship makes the first recorded sighting of the coast of South Australia. ... Hendrick de Keyser (born: 15th May 1565 - died: 15th May 1621) was a Dutch sculptor and architect born in Utrecht, Spanish Habsburg, which is now in the Netherlands. ... Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded April 27 - Cebu City is established becoming the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... Hendrik Petrus Berlage Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Amsterdam, February 12, 1856 — The Hague August 12, 1934, was a prominent Dutch architect. ... Amsterdam Location Flag Country Netherlands Province North Holland Population 742,951(1 January 2005) Coordinates 52°22′N 4°54′E Website www. ... Mart Stam (1899 - 1986) was a Dutch architect, urban planner, and chair designer. ... For other places named Rotterdam, see Rotterdam (disambiguation) Rotterdam ( (help· info)), located in the province of South Holland, is the second largest municipality in the Netherlands (after Amsterdam). ... Hilversum is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands. ... The Congrès Internationaux dArchitecture Moderne (CIAM) (International Congresses of Modern Architecture) existed as an organisational body and a series of meetings intended to promote the ideas of the Modern movement and International style in architecture. ... For the 2000 indie rock album by The White Stripes, see De Stijl (album). ... Red and Blue chair Lamp, designed by Rietveld Rietveld-Schröder house Gerrit Rietveld (Utrecht June 24, 1888 – Utrecht June 26, 1964), was a Dutch designer, architect and cabinet maker. ...


During the 50’s and 60’s a new generation of architects like Aldo van Eyck (Burgerweeshuis in Amsterdam), J.B. Bakema and Herman Hertzberger, known as the ‘Forum generation’ (named after the magazine Forum) connected with international groups like Team 10. Aldo van Eyck was born in Driebergen, Holland in 1918. ... Jacob Berend Bakema (8 March 1914 – 20 February 1981) was a Dutch architect, notable for his involvement in the reconstruction of Rotterdam after the Second World War. ... Team X (or Team 10) is an architects group. ...


From the 80’s to the present Rem Koolhaas and his Office for Metropolitan Architecture (OMA) became one of the leading world architects. In his wake architects and offices like MVRDV, Mecanoo, Erick van Egeraat (EEA) and Neutelings Riedijk formed a new generation (the third) of Dutch architects working in a modernist tradition. Seattle Central Library, designed by OMA Rem Koolhaas (born November 17, 1944 in Rotterdam, Netherlands) is a Dutch architect, former journalist and screenwriter who studied architecture at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London. ... The Office for Metropolitan Architecture, in short OMA, is the architecture firm of Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas. ... The abbreviation OMA may refer to: Open Mobile Alliance Opsoclonus Myoclonus Ataxia The IATA airport code for Eppley Airfield, the major airport serving Omaha, Nebraska USA. Sonys ATRAC3 audio format (referring to the file extension). ... MVRDV is a Rotterdam, the Netherlands-based architecture and urban design practice founded in 1991. ...


See also:

Hendrik Petrus Berlage Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Amsterdam, February 12, 1856 — The Hague August 12, 1934, was a prominent Dutch architect. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... J. H. van den Broek, (October 4, 1898 - September 6, 1978), full name Johannes Hendrik Van Den Broek, was a Dutch architect influential in the rebuilding of Rotterdam after World War II. From 1948 onward, worked with Jacob B. Bakema in the architectural firm Van den Broek and Bakema. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Petrus Josephus Hubertus (Pierre) Cuypers (Roermond, The Netherlands; May 16, 1827 – March 3, 1921) was a Dutch architect. ... Naval Battle of Navarino by Carneray 1827 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Willem Marinus Dudok (1884 Amsterdam - April 6, 1974 Hilversum, the Netherlands), Dutch modernist architect. ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Seattle Central Library, designed by OMA Rem Koolhaas (born November 17, 1944 in Rotterdam, Netherlands) is a Dutch architect, former journalist and screenwriter who studied architecture at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... MVRDV is a Rotterdam, the Netherlands-based architecture and urban design practice founded in 1991. ... Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud (February 9, 1890 - April 5, 1963) was a Dutch architect. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Red and Blue chair Lamp, designed by Rietveld Rietveld-Schröder house Gerrit Rietveld (Utrecht June 24, 1888 – Utrecht June 26, 1964), was a Dutch designer, architect and cabinet maker. ... 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ...

Art

Piet Mondrian's Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue 1921. Oil on canvas. 39 x 35 cm.
Piet Mondrian's Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue 1921. Oil on canvas. 39 x 35 cm.

Until the religious wars of the late 16th century, Dutch and Flemish art are hard to separate. Most artists of the period (like Breugel) are described a Flemish, even though their place of birth is often unknown or disputed. Some of the most famous truly Dutch artists from before the seventeenth century are Hieronymus Bosch, a painter and the brothers de Limbourg, three miniaturists who are most famous for their work for the Duke of Berry. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (772x814, 63 KB)Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue 1921. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (772x814, 63 KB)Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue 1921. ... Flanders (Flemish, Fleming) (Dutch: Vlaanderen (Vlaams, Vlaming)) has two main designations: a geographical region in the north of Belgium, corresponding to the Flemish Region, a consituent part of the federal Belgian state. ... Brueghel or Bruegel was the name of several Flemish painters from the same family line: Pieter Brueghel the Elder (c. ... Hieronymus Bosch; alleged portrait (around 1560) Hieronymus Bosch, also Jeroen Bosch, Jerome Bosch,(c. ... Très riches heures du Duc de Berry: Aout (August) (1412-16) Illumination on vellum, 22,5 x 13,6 cm The Limbourg brothers, or in Dutch Gebroeders van Limburg (Herman, Paul, and Johan; 1385. ...


In the seventeenth century, many painters flee Flanders, for religious reasons and because the Netherlands are growing economically. Both regions have a golden age of painting in this period. The most famous Dutch master is Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn, but other painters such as Johannes Vermeer or Frans Hals are nowadays world famous as well. This article is about the Dutch painter. ... Milkmaid (1658-1660) This article is about the Dutch painter. ... Laughing Cavalier, 1624, canvas, relined, (H) 83cm x (W) 67cm, Wallace Collection, London. ...


In the 18th and 19th century, the Dutch artists are less well known. The most important paintings are the land- and seascapes (or marines). Only at the end of the 19th century appears a new internationally important painter with Vincent Van Gogh. Vincent Willem van Gogh (help· info) (March 30, 1853 – July 29, 1890) was a Dutch painter, classified as a Post-impressionist, and is generally considered one of the greatest painters in the history of European art. ...


In the 20th century have the Netherlands produced many fine painters and artists, including Piet Mondriaan and some of the members of the COBRA movement, including Karel Appel. Piet Mondrian (March 7, 1872 - February 1, 1944) was a Dutch painter and an important contributor of the De Stijl art movement, which was founded by Theo van Doesburg. ... Karel Appel (born April 25, 1921) is a painter, born in Amsterdam. ...


The Dutch have a distinct comics tradition as well. Heavy readers of Flemish comics (Spike and Suzy), Franco-Belgian comics, and American kids comics from Disney, they also achieved their own tradition, with a more literary kind of comics. The most prominent author was Marten Toonder and his creation Tom Puss. Comics (or, less common, sequential art) is a form of visual art consisting of images which are commonly combined with text, often in the form of speech balloons or image captions. ... Album 208, De Hellegathonden Spike and Suzy (U.K.) or Bob & Bobette (U.K. and in French) or Willy and Wanda (U.S.) is an originally Flemish series of comic books called Suske en Wiske. ... Tintin, one of the most famous Belgian comics Franco-Belgian comics are comics written in Belgium and France. ... The Walt Disney Company (most commonly known as Disney) (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ... Marten Toonder (May 2, 1912 – July 27, 2005) was a Dutch comic writer, born in Rotterdam. ... Tom Puss is a fictional anthropomorphic cat and one of the two main characters of an originally Dutch series of comic books with the same name created by Marten Toonder. ...


Graphic arts

Self portrait, 1943¹ Maurits Cornelis Escher (Leeuwarden, June 17, 1898 - Laren, March 27, 1972) was a Dutch artist most known for his woodcuts, lithographs and mezzotints, which tend to feature impossible constructions, explorations of infinity, and tessellations. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1972 calendar). ...

Museums

The Van Gogh Museum is a museum in Amsterdam featuring the works of the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh and his contemporaries. ... St. ... Otterlo or Otterloo (mun. ... The Rijksmuseum Rembrandt van Rijn: The Night Watch 1642 Johannes Vermeer: Milkmaid 1658-1660 Frans Hals: Portrait of a Young Couple The Rijksmuseum (IPA: ; Dutch for Empire Museum) is a national museum of the Netherlands, located in Amsterdam on the Museumplein. ... The Stedelijk Museum (lit. ...

Nature

Marjolein Bastin is a noted nature artist, writer, childrens author and illustrator. ...

Painting

The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Karel Appel (born April 25, 1921) is a painter, born in Amsterdam. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Hieronymus Bosch; alleged portrait (around 1560) Hieronymus Bosch, also Jeroen Bosch, Jerome Bosch,(c. ... Vincent Willem van Gogh (help· info) (March 30, 1853 – July 29, 1890) was a Dutch painter, classified as a Post-impressionist, and is generally considered one of the greatest painters in the history of European art. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... Hendrik Goltzius (1558 - January 1, 1617), Dutch painter and engraver, was born at Millebrecht, in the duchy of Julich. ... River Scene Jan van Goyen (January 13, 1596 - April 27, 1656) was a Dutch landscape painter. ... Events February 5 - 26 catholics crucified in Nagasaki, Japan. ... // Events Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. ... Laughing Cavalier, 1624, canvas, relined, (H) 83cm x (W) 67cm, Wallace Collection, London. ... Events January 16 - English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism April 4 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. July 26 - The Northern Netherlands proclaim their independence from Spain in the Oath of Abjuration. ... Events September 2 - Great Fire of London: A large fire breaks out in London in the house of Charles IIs baker on Pudding Lane near London Bridge. ... Willem Claeszoon Heda (c. ... Still Life with Fruit, Flowers, Glasses and Lobster by Jan Davidszoon de Heem (1660s) Oil on canvas, 87,5 x 72,5 cm. ... Musical Party in a Courtyard (1677) Pieter de Hooch (pronounced Hoak, also spelled Hoogh or Hooghe) (1629 - 1684) was a genre painter during the Dutch Golden Age. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... Events France under Louis XIV makes Truce of Ratisbon separately with the Empire and Spain. ... Josef Israëls (January 27, 1824 - August 12, 1911), Dutch painter, was born at Groningen, of Jewish parents. ... Henrietta Maria of France, 1660. ... Events October 25 — Dirk Hartog makes the second recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, at an island off the Western Australian coast Pocahontas arrives in England War between Venice and Austria Collegium Musicum founded in Prague Nicolaus Copernicus De revolutionibus is placed on the Index of Forbidden Books... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... Lucas van Leyden (b. ... Très riches heures du Duc de Berry: Aout (August) (1412-16) Illumination on vellum, 22,5 x 13,6 cm The Limbourg brothers, or in Dutch Gebroeders van Limburg (Herman, Paul, and Johan; 1385. ... St Luke Painting the Madonna by Jan Mabuse (1520-25) Wood, 109,5 x 82 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna Jan Mabuse (d. ... Anton Mauve (1838-1888) was a Dutch realist painter whose work very early on influenced Vincent van Gogh. ... -1... 1831 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Piet Mondrian in his studio in 1941 as photographed by Arnold Newman Piet Mondrian (March 7, 1872 – February 1, 1944) was a Dutch painter and an important contributor to the De Stijl art movement, which was founded by Theo van Doesburg. ... 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Categories: Stub | Dutch painters ... Peasants in a Tavern by Adriaen van Ostade (c. ... // Events January 7 - Galileo Galilei discovers the Galilean moons of Jupiter. ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... This article is about the Dutch painter. ... Events January 27 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins ending in their execution on January 31 May 17 - Supporters of Vasili Shusky invade the Kremlin and kill Premier Dmitri December 26 - Shakespeares King Lear performed in court Storm buries a village of St Ismails near... // Events Samuel Pepys stopped writing his diary. ... Categories: People stubs | 1602 births | 1670 deaths | Dutch painters ... The Baptism of Christ by Jan van Scorel (c. ... 1495 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events April 6 - Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape Town. ... Self Portrait as a Lutenist (1660-63) Jan Havickszoon Steen (born 1626 (?) in Leiden, died January 1, 1679 in Leiden) was a Dutch painter of the 17th century (also known as the Dutch Golden Age). ... Events September 30 - Nurhaci, chieftain of the Jurchens and founder of the Qing Dynasty dies and is succeeded by his son Hong Taiji. ... Events January 24 - King Charles II of England disbands Parliament August 7 - The brigantine Le Griffon, which was commissioned by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the southern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes. ... Milkmaid (1658-1660) This article is about the Dutch painter. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Events January 5 - The Battle of Turckeim June 18 - Battle of Fehrbellin August 10 - King Charles II of England places the foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London - construction begins November 11 - Guru Gobind Singh becomes the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs. ... Portrait of Mercurino Gattinara, Chancellor of Carlos V, by Jan Cornelisz Vermeyen Jan Cornelisz Vermeyen (b. ... 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Categories: People stubs | 1695 births | 1754 deaths | Dutch painters ...

Comics

  • Gerrit De Jager
  • Hanco Kolk
  • Henk Kuijpers
  • Martin Lodewijk
  • Hans G. Kresse
  • Dick Matena
  • Peter De Smet
  • Marten Toonder
  • Windig & De Jong
  • Fred Julsing
  • Peter de Wit

Martinus Spyridon Johannes Lodewijk (1939-04-30 —) is a Dutch comics writer and cartoonist, and advertising adviser. ... Marten Toonder (May 2, 1912 – July 27, 2005) was a Dutch comic writer, born in Rotterdam. ...

See also

The list of museums is a link page for any museum anywhere. ...

Theatre

This article does not cite its references or sources. ...

Cabaret

  • Lenette van Dongen, one-(wo)man-show
  • Henk Elsink, one-man-show
  • Herman Finkers, one-man-show
  • Seth Gaaikema, one-man-show
  • Freek de Jonge, one-man-show
  • Hans Teeuwen, one-man-show
  • Theo Maassen, one-man-show
  • Youp van 't Hek, one-man-show
  • Toon Hermans, one-man-show
  • Bert Visscher, one-man-show
  • Brigitte Kaandorp, one-(wo)man-show
  • Wim Kan, one-man-show
  • Wim Sonneveld, one-man-show
  • Paul van Vliet, one-man-show
  • Mini & Maxi, cabaret
  • Purper, cabaret
  • Tingeltangel, cabaret
  • André van Duyn, comedian

Cabaret is a form of entertainment featuring comedy, song, dance, and theatre, distinguished mainly by the performance venue — a restaurant or nightclub with a stage for performances and the audience sitting around the tables (often dining or drinking) watching the performance. ... Herman Finkers Hermenegildus Felix Victor Maria (Herman) Finkers (born December 9, 1954) is a Dutch comedian from Twente, who became famous because of his dry-witted humour and his ambiguous style of story telling. ... Freek de Jonge, born 30 August 1944, is a Dutch cabaret performer. ... Theo Maassen; (8 December 1966, Oegstgeest) is a Dutch stand-up comedian, who grew up in Zijtaart, in the south of the Netherlands. ... Antoine G. T. Toon Hermans (December 17, 1916 - April 22, 2000) was a noted Dutch comedian, singer and writer. ...

Film

Main article: Cinema of the Netherlands

Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed. ... The Dutch film industry is relatively small, though there have broadly been several very active periods in recent history in which Dutch filmmaking thrived. ...

Actors

Rutger Hauer Rutger Hauer (born January 23, 1944, Breukelen, the Netherlands) is an international movie star. ... Famke Janssen (born November 5, 1965) is a Dutch-born actress. ... Krabbé (blue shirt) on cover of Cookbook with co-author Marjan Berk Jeroen Krabbé (born December 5, 1944 in Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands) is a Dutch actor and film director. ... Monique van de Ven (* 28 July 1952) is a Dutch actress and director. ...

Films

Turkish Delight is the English title of the 1973 movie Turks fruit, directed by Paul Verhoeven, based on a novel by Jan Wolkers. ... Antonias Line (original title Antonia) is the award winning Dutch film about living a liberal life in a small Dutch town. ... The Assault (original title De Aanslag) is a 1986 Dutch film based on a novel of Harry Mulisch. ... In The Fourth Man (original Dutch title is De Vierde Man), an alcoholic novelist, Gerard Reve, leaves Amsterdam to deliver a lecture at the Vlissingen Literary Society where he becomes sexually involved with its attractive treasurer, Christine Halslag. ... Twin Sisters is a film, directed by Ben Sombogaart, based on the novel Twin Sisters by Tessa de Loo. ... Soldaat van Oranje (Soldier of Orange) is a 1977 film by Paul Verhoeven, starring Rutger Hauer and Jeroen Krabbe. ...

Directors and producers

Jan de Bont (born October 22, 1943) is a Dutch cameraman and film director. ... Writer-director from the Netherlands. ... Rob Houwer is a Dutch film producer. ... Joris Ivens (November 18, 1898 - June 28, 1989) was a Dutch documentary filmmaker and devout communist, and is generally respected as one of the foremost documentarists of the twentieth century. ... Paul Verhoeven in 2004 in a documentary on Z Channel Paul Verhoeven (born July 18, 1938) is a Dutch-born film director best known for his sometimes extremely violent science fiction films. ... Alex van Warmerdam (14 August 1952 - ) is a Dutch actor, director and writer. ...

Movie theaters

Main article: Movie theaters in the Netherlands

Movie theaters: [1] (PDF) A typical megaplex (AMC Ontario Mills 30 in Ontario, California). ... There are ca. ...


The main movie theatre chains are Pathé, Jogchem's, Minerva, Wolff Cinema Groep, and Utopia/Utopolis. Pathé or Pathé Frères is the name of various businesses founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France. ...


Film festivals

A film festival is a mostly annual festival in one or more movie theaters with a special program showcasing many films. ... IFFR logo The International Film Festival Rotterdam (IFFR) is one of the larger film festivals in Europe (arguably in the Big Five, alongside Cannes, Venice, Berlin and Locarno). ... The International Documentary Filmfestival Amsterdam (IDFA) is the largest documentaryfestival in the world. ...

Music of the Netherlands

For more details on this topic, see Music of the Netherlands.

The Netherlands has multiple musical traditions, mostly related to nearby German and Belgian forms. Immigrants from Africa and the Middle East have also had a profound effect. Much more so than most non-English speaking European countries, the Netherlands has remained closely in tune with American and British trends. The Netherlands has multiple musical traditions, mostly related to nearby German and Belgian forms. ... A tradition is a story or a custom that is memorized and passed down from generation to generation, originally without the need for a writing system. ... This article is about the continent. ...


Music of Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles

For more details on this topic, see Music of Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles.

Aruba and the five main islands of the Netherlands Antilles are part of the Lesser Antilles island chain. Their music is a mixture of native, African and European elements, and is closely connected with trends from neighboring islands like Martinique, Trinidad and Tobago and Guadeloupe, as well as the mainland former Dutch possession of Suriname, which has exported kaseko music to great success on the islands. Curaçao and Bonaire likely have the most active and well-known music scenes. Curaçao is known for a kind of music called tumba, which is named after the conga drums which accompany it. Aruba and the five main islands of the Netherlands Antilles are part of the Lesser Antilles island chain. ... The Lesser Antilles are part of the Antilles, which together with the Bahamas form the West Indies. ... The term native as an adjective or noun has the following meanings. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ...


Classical music

Louis Andriessen (born June 6, 1939) is a Dutch composer, son of the composer Hendrik Andriessen (1892-1981) and brother of composer Jurriaan Andriessen (1925-1996). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Simeon ten Holt (b. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Matthijs Vermeulen (born Van der Meulen) (February 8, 1888 – July 26, 1967), was a Dutch composer and music journalist. ... 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck (1562–October 16, 1621) was a Dutch composer, organist, and pedagogue whose work straddled the end of the Renaissance and beginning of the Baroque eras. ... Events Earliest English slave-trading expedition under John Hawkins. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... Matthaeus Pipelare (c. ... Events March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen April 15 - Battle of Formigny. ... 1515 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Orchestras

The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest in Dutch) is the best known and most respected orchestra in the Netherlands, and is generally considered to be among the worlds finest. ... The Residentie Orchestra of the Hague is a renowned Dutch orchestra founded in 1904 by Henri Viotta. ... The Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra (RPHO) is a Dutch symphony orchestra based in Rotterdam. ...

Popular music

Acda en de Munnik (Acda and de Munnik) is a Dutch cabaret and music duo, Thomas Acda IPA: and Paul de Munnik IPA: . While their songs in Dutch are musically simple and well-crafted, the texts are most important. ... // Biography Herman Brood (pronounced Broat /bro:t/; Zwolle, November 5, 1946 – Amsterdam, July 11, 2001) was a Dutch musician, painter and media personality. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... BZN (Band Without Name) is the most populair Dutch band ever. ... Pierre Kartner aka. ... Golden Earring is a Dutch Rock/Pop Group that was founded in 1961 in The Hague as the Golden Earrings (the s was later dropped). ... The Nits are a Dutch art rock group, founded in 1974. ... DJ Tiesto Tiësto, formerly DJ Tiësto, is the stage name of Tijs Verwest (born January 17, 1969), one of the worlds leading dance DJs. ...

Dance

  • Nederlands Danstheater, Dutch Dance Theatre
  • Scapino Ballet

Publishing

Newspapers

Algemeen Dagblad is a Dutch newspaper. ... De Telegraaf is the largest Dutch daily morning newspaper, with a daily circulation of approximately 800,000. ... De Volkskrant is a Dutch newspaper. ... Het Parool is an Amsterdam-based daily newspaper. ... The Nederlands Dagblad (The Netherlands Daily) is a Dutch newspaper with a daily circulation of about 30,000 issues. ... NRC Handelsblad is a Dutch evening newspaper. ... Trouw is a Dutch newspaper. ...

Magazines

Ca. 70 Dutch magazines have been sold to and are now published by the Finnish publisher Sanoma. Apart from many typical Dutch ones like Margriet, Libelle and Nieuwe Revu these include a Disney magazine named after Donald Duck and the Dutch edition of Playboy. A collection of magazines A magazine is a periodical publication containing a variety of articles, generally financed by advertising and/or purchase by readers. ... The Walt Disney Company (most commonly known as Disney) (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ... Donald Duck Donald Duck is an animated cartoon and comic-book character from Walt Disney Productions. ... Classic Playboy logo. ...


National library

  • Koninklijke Bibliotheek - http://www.kb.nl/

A modern-style library in Chambéry In the traditional sense of the word, a library is a collection of books and periodicals. ...

Food

For more details on this topic, see Dutch cuisine.

In the Netherlands it is common to have two cold meals and one hot meal. For snacks, people of the Netherlands usually eat fruit, candy bars, liquorice, or other snacks such as cakes, sausage rolls etc. Bread is generally eaten with breakfast and lunch while sometimes crispbread, crackers, ontbijtkoek, rye bread, cereal flakes or muesli substitute for the bread. Dinner begins usually with soup and the main course is compromised of boiled potatoes, vegetables and meat or fish. Rice, other cereal, pulses or pasta sometimes takes the place of the potatoes. Desert is usually yoghurt, cold custard or fruit. Holland is famous for its cheese products. Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Dutch cuisine For more background on this topic, see Culture of the Netherlands. ... Fruit stall in Barcelona, Catalonia. ... Candy bar is the most popular term in the U.S. for confectionery usually packaged in a bar or log form, often coated with chocolate, and sized as a snack for one person. ... A snack food is seen in Western culture as a type of food that is not meant to be eaten as part of one of the main meals of the day (breakfast, lunch, supper). ... For other uses, see Cake (disambiguation). ... Two sausage rolls on a plate A sausage roll is a type of convenience food commonly served at parties and available from bakeries and milk bars as a takeaway food item. ... Crisp bread (Swedish: knäckebröd or hårdbröd, Finnish: näkkileipä) is a very flat and dry Nordic type of bread, containing mostly rye flour. ... A Dutch spiced cake, often made with cloves, cinnamon, ginger and nutmeg, and occasionally served on a slice of bread. ... Rye bread is bread made with rye flour. ... Muesli (müsli in German or birchermüesli in Switzerland, pronounced [mju:z li] in English and [my:s li] in German) is a popular breakfast dish (breakfast cereal) based on uncooked rolled oats and fruit. ...

 "Gouda cheese"
"Gouda cheese"

Some Dutch cheeses indlude: Download high resolution version (684x800, 64 KB) Pikant brand of Gouda cheese. ... Download high resolution version (684x800, 64 KB) Pikant brand of Gouda cheese. ...

Some tradional Dutch food include: Edam is a Dutch cheese that is traditionally sold as spheres with pale yellow interior and a coat of red or yellow paraffin. ... Country of origin The Netherlands Region, town Gouda Source of milk Cows Pasteurized Yes Texture semi-hard Aging time 4-18 months Certification  ?? Gouda cheese is a yellowish Dutch cheese named after the city of Gouda. ... Leyden cheese, which is also known as Komijnekaas in Dutch language, is a spiced cheese made in the Netherlands from partly skimmed cows milk to which color is added. ...

A lattice-top apple pie For to Make Tartys in Applis, 18th-century print of a 14th-century recipe In cooking, an apple pie or apple tart is a fruit pie (or tart) in which the principal filling ingredient is apples. ... Bitterballen are a savoury Dutch meat-based snack, typically containing a mixture of beef (minced or chopped), beef broth, flour for thickening, parsley, salt and pepper. ... Binomial name Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Liquorice (Br. ... A frikandel ( plural frikandellen) is a Dutch snack, a sort of minced-meat hot dog. ... Family Clupeidae The herring is a type of small oily fish found in the temperate, shallow waters of the North Atlantic. ... Sprinkles are very small pieces of candy used as a decoration or to add texture to desserts. ... Buttermilk is the liquid left over after producing butter from full-cream milk by the churning process. ... The croquet or croquette (kroket in Dutch) is a popular snack in the Netherlands. ... Dutch biscuit with orange muisjes Muisjes are a typical Dutch sandwich filling. ... Poffertjes are traditional Dutch cakes, somewhat similar in texture to American pancakes. ... Stroopwafels (Dutch for syrup waffle) are Dutch cookies made from two round waffle-like wafers with sweet syrup in the middle. ... Vla is the name of two Dutch food products. ...

Language

Most ethnic Dutch people speak the Dutch language. The Dutch language is a West Germanic, Low Franconian language. The language originated in the Middle Ages, was standardized in the 16th century and has many Frankish and some Middle Low German influences. As the Netherlands have colonized Suriname in the 17th century, the language is also spoken there. Most people in Flanders speak Dutch as well. Frisian is also spoken as an official language of the Netherlands in the area of Friesland. A considerable percentage of the population is of South Asian or Middle Eastern nationality and therefor speak a different language although none of them are officially recognized as a national language. Dutch and Afrikaans are very similar as the Boers originated from the Netherlands. Most Dutch people can understand spoken Afrikaans easily. The Dutch are the inhabitants of the Netherlands. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Statue of Charlemagne (also called Karl der Große, Charles the Great) in Frankfurt, Germany. ... The Middle Low German language is an ancestor of the modern Low German language, and was spoken from about 1100 to 1500. ... Flanders (Flemish, Fleming) (Dutch: Vlaanderen (Vlaams, Vlaming)) has two main designations: a geographical region in the north of Belgium, corresponding to the Flemish Region, a consituent part of the federal Belgian state. ... The West Frisian language (Frysk) is a language spoken mostly in the province of Fryslân in the north of the Netherlands. ... Capital Leeuwarden Queens Commissioner drs. ... Map of South Asia South Asia is a subregion of Asia comprising the modern states of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, . It covers about 4,480,000 km², or 10 percent of the continent, and is also known as the Indian subcontinent. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Afrikaans is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia. ... Afrikaners are white South Africans of predominantly Calvinist Dutch, German, French Huguenot, Friesian and Walloon descent who speak Afrikaans. ... The Dutch are the inhabitants of the Netherlands. ... Afrikaans is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia. ...


Religion

The Netherlands is one of the most secular countries in Europe. An estimated 40% of the population (1998) is non-religious. The remaining are 31% Roman Catholic, 21% Protestant, and 4.4% Muslim. Protestants used to be the largest religion in the Netherlands however over the past century the older Protestant churches have been in rapid decline. Recently Islam has begun to gain a foothold. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ... The Dutch Islamic population is very diverse. ...


External links

  • Architecture: ArchiNed

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Dutch Art and Architecture - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta (5458 words)
The amazing flowering of Dutch painting in the 17th century is hard to parallel and equally hard to explain, but certain political, economic, and social factors contributed to a situation in which the arts could flourish and develop.
Dutch artists were diverse not only in terms of subject-matter but also geographically, for numerous towns developed vigorous traditions of painting and several of them became particularly associated with specific types of work.
Dutch architecture and sculpture also enjoyed something of a golden age in the 17th century, although the achievements in these fields are far outshone by those in painting.
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