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Encyclopedia > Dusicyon
Falkland Island Fox
Conservation status: Extinct (1876)

Illustration by John Gerrard Keulemans (1842-1912)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Dusicyon
Species: D. australis
Binomial name
Dusicyon australis
(Kerr, 1792)


The Falkland Island Fox (Dusicyon australis, formerly named Canis antarcticus by Darwin), also known as the Warrah and occasionally as the Falkland Island Wolf or Antarctic Wolf and by Argentine writers as the Malvinas Zorro, was the only native land mammal of the Falkland Islands. This endemic canid became extinct in 1876, the only known canid to have gone extinct in historical times. Its most closely related species in the genus Dusicyon of southern-hemisphere foxes is Dusicyon griseus, the Patagonian Fox.


The fur of the Falkland Island Fox had a tawny colour. The diet is unknown. Due to the absence of native rodents it probably consisted of ground-nesting birds such as geese and penguins, grubs and insects, as well as seashore scavenging (Allen 1942).


The Falkland Island Fox was reported to have been common and tame, when Charles Darwin visited the islands in 1833. The settlers regarded the fox as a threat to their sheep and organised poisoning and shooting on a massive scale. The absence of forests led to a speedy success of the extermination campaign.


Reference

  • G.M. Allen, Extinct and Vanishing Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, 1942

  Results from FactBites:
 
Falkland Island Fox - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (432 words)
The Falkland Island Fox (Dusicyon australis, formerly named Canis antarcticus), also known as the Warrah and occasionally as the Falkland Island Wolf or Antarctic Wolf and by Argentine writers as the Malvinas Zorro, was the only native land mammal of the Falkland Islands.
This endemic canid became extinct in 1876, the only known canid to have gone extinct in historical times.
The most closely related species to the monotypic genus Dusicyon among southern-hemisphere foxes is Pseudalopex griseus, the culpeo or Patagonian fox.
New Page 1 (1855 words)
Dusicyon: though social in pairs, Dusicyon is not particularly social as a hunter.
Dusicyon is versatile and intelligent and the question is, for me at least, an open one.
Obviously, it is even more incredible that the dogs of present are strictly derived from indigenous wild species like Dusicyon over the millennia, so that they, coincidentally, can breed with other domestic dogs from elsewhere but no longer with indigenous animals.
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