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Encyclopedia > Dushasana

Dushasana (Duśśāsana in IAST transliteration, and sometimes written Duhshasana and Dushyasana) was the second son of the blind king Dhritarashtra and Gandhari in the epic Mahabharata, and the younger brother of Duryodhana. IAST, or International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration is the academic standard for writing the Sanskrit language with the Latin alphabet and very similar to National Library at Calcutta romanization standard being used with many Indic scripts. ... In Mahabharata Dhritarashtra was the son bore by Vichitraviryas first wife Ambika from Vyasa. ... GāndhārÄ« is a character in the India epic, the Mahabharata. ... The Mahabharata (Devanagari: महाभारत, phonetically Mahābhārata - see note), sometimes just called Bharata, is one of the two major ancient Sanskrit epics of India, the other being the Ramayana. ... In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ...

Contents


Birth and development

When Dhritarashtra's queen Gandhari's pregnancy continues for an unusually long period of time, she beats her womb in frustration, and envy of Kunti, the queen of Pandu who had given birth to the five Pandavas. Due to her actions, a hardened mass of grey-colored flesh emerges from her womb. Gandhari is devastated, and worships Vyasa, the great sage who had blessed her with one hundred sons, to redeem his words. In Hinduism, Princess Kunti is the mother of the Pandavas. ... In the Mahabharata epic, Pandu is the son of Vichitravirya and his second wife, Ambalika from Vyasa. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... Veda Vyasa(Contemporary painting) Vyasa (Vyāsa in IAST transliteration) is an important and much revered figure in the Hindu tradition and its literature. ...


Vyasa divides the flesh ball into one hundred equal pieces, and puts them in pots of ghee, which are sealed and buried into the earth for one year. At the end of the year, the first pot is opened, and Duryodhana emerges. The next one to emerge is Dushasana.


Dushasana is devoted to his older brother Duryodhana, and is also closely involved in the various schemes and plots to kill the Pandavas. The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ...


Draupadi's humiliation

After Yudhisthira loses his kingdom, his brothers and his wife Draupadi in a game of dice with Shakuni, Dushasana dragged Draupadi down in the assembly at the behest of his brother Duryodhana, and tried to disrobe her. Draupadi prayed to Krishna and he made her sari to be of infinite length, so Dushasana could not take it off. However, the princess was humiliated as she was dragged into court by her hair. Because of this humiliation, Draupadi vows that she will not tie her hair until she washes it with the blood of dead Dushasana. In the great Hindu epic Mahabharata, Yudhisthira (Sanskrit: युधिष्ठिर, yudhishthira) was the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti, king of Hastinapura and Indraprastha, and World Emperor. ... In the epic Mahabharata, Draupadi is the daughter of King Drupada, and becomes the wife of the five Pandavas. ... A character in the Mahabharata, Shakuni was the brother of Gandhari. ... In the epic Mahabharata, Draupadi is the daughter of King Drupada, and becomes the wife of the five Pandavas. ... In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... Krishna (कृष्ण in Devanagari, IAST ) is according to common Hindu tradition the eighth avatar of Vishnu. ... Illustration of a sari-clad woman, c. ...


Bhima also pledges to tear open Dushasana's breast and drink his blood. A mortif depicting Bheema in the battle ready posture. ...


Death

In the Kurukshetra War, Bhima kills Dushasana and drinks his blood, and helps Draupadi redeem her vow. The Kurukshetra war was perhaps one of the most important battles fought in ancient India and forms an essential component of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... A mortif depicting Bheema in the battle ready posture. ...


The name

The name is often derived from two elements, the Sanskrit: duh, meaning hard, tough , and ''shasana, meaning to control. Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम् ; pronunciation : ) is an Indo-European classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ...


References


Krishna Dharma (1955-) is a British Hindu scholar and author. ...

Hinduism | Hindu mythology | Itihasa
Male Deities: Brahma | Vishnu | Shiva | Rama | Krishna | Ganesha | Indra | Lakshman | Hanuman | Surya | more...
Female Deities: Gayatri | Lakshmi | Saraswati | Durga | Devi | Sita | Radha | Kali | Parvati | Shakti | more...
Texts: Vedas | Upanishads | Puranas | Ramayana | Mahabharata

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dushasana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (349 words)
Dushasana (Duśśāsana in IAST transliteration, and sometimes written Duhshasana and Dushyasana) was the second son of the blind king Dhritarashtra and Gandhari in the epic Mahabharata, and the younger brother of Duryodhana.
Dushasana is devoted to his older brother Duryodhana, and is also closely involved in the various schemes and plots to kill the Pandavas.
After Yudhisthira loses his kingdom, his brothers and his wife Draupadi in a game of dice with Shakuni, Dushasana dragged Draupadi down in the assembly at the behest of his brother Duryodhana, and tried to disrobe her.
Part I (869 words)
Dushasana and Krishna fight and Krishna has to be kept from killing Dushasana.
Dushasana has not yet been inducted into the Supreme Judicial Council (an auspicious day is being awaited).
Draupadi vows to keep her hair untied until Dushasana is brought to justice for the assault.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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