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Encyclopedia > Dushanbe
Душанбе
Dushanbe
Official seal of ДушанбеDushanbe
Seal
Location of Dushanbe in Tajikistan
Coordinates: 38°32′12″N 68°46′48″E / 38.53667, 68.78
Country Tajikistan
Government
 - Mayor Mahmadsaid Ubaydulloyev
Area
 - Total 100 km² (38.6 sq mi)
Elevation 706 m (2,316 ft)
Population (2004)[1]
 - Total 524,000
 - Density 5,240/km² (13,571.5/sq mi)
Time zone GMT (UTC+5)
 - Summer (DST) GMT (UTC+5)
Website: www.dushanbe.tj

Dushanbe (Tajik: Душанбе, Dushanbe; formerly Dyushambe or Stalinabad), population 562,000 people (2000 census), is the capital of Tajikistan. The name is derived from the Persian word for "Monday" (du two + shamba or shanbe day, lit. "day two") and refers to the fact that it was a popular Monday marketplace. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Map of Tajikistan (2002 CIA WFB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... GMT redirects here. ... UTC +5 is the timezone for : Pakistan Standard Time in Pakistan. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... GMT redirects here. ... UTC +5 is the timezone for : Pakistan Standard Time in Pakistan. ... Tajik or Tadjik (тоҷикӣ, تاجیکی, tojikí) is a descendant of the Persian language spoken in Central Asia. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... A marketplace is the space, actual or metaphorical, in which a market operates. ...

Contents

History

Monument of Ismail Samani in Dushanbe
Monument of Ismail Samani in Dushanbe

Dushanbe is the capital of Tajikistan, situated on the confluence of two rivers Varzob and Kafernihon, the place was once famous for its market on Mondays, hence it got the name “Dushanbe” that means “Monday” in Tajik/Persian. Although archaeological remnants dating to the 5th century BC have been discovered in the area, there is little to suggest that Dushanbe was more than a small village until around 80 years ago. In 1920, the last Emir of Bukhara briefly took refuge in Dushanbe after being overthrown by the Bolshevik revolution. He fled to Afghanistan after the Red Army conquered the area the next year. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1728 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1728 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Statue of Ismail Samani in Dushanbe, Tajikistan Ismail ibn Ahmad (d. ... The Emirate of Bukhara (1747-1920) was a state in Central Asia, with its capital in Bukhara and was a Russian protectorate from 1868. ... For other uses, see Bolshevik (disambiguation). ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ...


With the Red Army victory and coming of the railroad from 1929, the city became the capital of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic. Up until this time the city was named "Dyushambe", but in 1929 it was renamed "Stalinabad", after Joseph Stalin; as part of Nikita Khrushchev's de-Stalinization initiative, the city was renamed "Dushanbe" in 1961. The Soviets transformed the area into a centre for cotton and silk production, and relocated tens of thousands of people to the city from around the Soviet Union. The population also increased with thousands of ethnic Tajiks migrating to Tajikistan following the transfer of Bukhara and Samarkand to the Uzbek SSR. A peaceful and relatively prosperous city under Soviet rule, Dushanbe was home to a university and the Tajik Academy of Sciences. Severe rioting occurred in 1990, after it was rumored that Moscow planned to relocate tens of thousands of Armenian refugees to Tajikistan, which spurred local nationalist sentiment. State motto: Tajik: Пролетарҳои ҳамаи мамлакатҳо, як шавед! Translation: Workers of the world, unite! Capital Dushanbe Official language None. ... Josef Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (Georgian: , Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jughashvili; Russian: , Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) (December 18 [O.S. December 6] 1878[1] – March 5, 1953), better known by his adopted name, Joseph Stalin (alternatively transliterated Josef Stalin), was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Unions Central Committee from... Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (Russian: , Nikita Sergeevič Chruščiov; IPA: , in English, , or , occasionally ); surname more accurately romanized as Khrushchyov[1]; April 17 [O.S. April 5] 1894[2]–September 11, 1971) was the chief director of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. ... // See also: Nikita Khrushchev After Stalin had died in March 1953, he was succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev as First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and Georgi Malenkov as Premier of the Soviet Union. ... Bukhara (Tajik: Бухоро; Persian: , Buxârâ; Uzbek: ; Russian: ), from the Soghdian βuxārak (lucky place), is the fifth-largest city in Uzbekistan, and capital of the Bukhara Province (viloyat). ... Samarkand (Tajik: Самарқанд, Persian: ‎ , Uzbek: , Russian: ), population 412,300 in 2005, is the second-largest city in Uzbekistan and the capital of Samarqand Province. ... State motto: Uzbek: Бутун дунё пролетарлари, бирлашингиз! Translation: Workers of the world, unite! Capital Tashkent Official language None. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ...


The city was badly damaged as a result of the Civil War in Tajikistan (1992–1997) that sprang up in the nation shortly after its independence. However resurgances in the Tajik economy have transformed Dushanbe into a rapidly growing commercial, cultural and industrial center. Many multi-story apartment and office buildings were constructed and the city was beautified during this period. Monuments and statues commemorating the city's Persian and Iranian past were erected. The surrounding areas are safe, stable and scenically spectacular. Dushanbe is a clean green European style city with broad tree-lined avenues and snowy mountains as a backdrop lending it an air of faded prosperity. Combatants Government of Tajikistan Government of Russia Peoples Democratic Party of Tajikistan Communist Party of Tajikistan Socialist Party of Tajikistan Government of Uzbekistan [2] United Tajik Opposition Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan Democratic Party of Tajikistan Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan Al-Qaeda Afghanistan Commanders Emomali Rahmonov (President of Tajikistan... Look up Persian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Dushanbe is an attractive city, especially in the early spring and summer, when the boulevards and trees are in full bloom. The city's many parks and zoological attractions grace the neoclassical architecture of the city.


Economy

Coal, lead, and arsenic are mined nearby in the city of Nurek and Khulyab allowing for the industrialization of Dushanbe. In the city of Nurek, at the Nurek Dam, the world's highest hydroelectric station, provides 95% of Tajikistan's electricity, and another dam, the Rogun Dam, is planned on the Vakhsh River. A leading cotton textile center, Dushanbe also produces silk, machinery, electrical appliances, clothing, leather goods, tractor parts, and foodstuffs. The city of Dushanbe is now home to a number of modern telecommunications, aeronautic and other business corporations adding vitality to its economy. Tourism and Eco-Tourism, to the beautiful natural scenery throughout the Dushanbe area is now a component of the bourgeoning service industry, which includes world-class shopping centers, cafes, restaurants and hotels in the city's economic center. Cultural and Ethnic Museums and Theatres add a cultural element to the economy. Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal (pronounced ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... This article is about the metal. ... General Name, Symbol, Number arsenic, As, 33 Chemical series metalloids Group, Period, Block 15, 4, p Appearance metallic gray Standard atomic weight 74. ... The Nurek (Norak) Dam is a large earthfill dam located at 38. ... The Nurek (Norak) Dam is a large earthfill dam located at 38. ... The Nurek (Norak) Dam is a large earthfill dam located at 38. ... Rogun Dam is a rock- and earth-filled dam across the Vakhsh River in southern Tajikistan. ... The Vakhsh River, also known as the Surkhob (in north-central Tajikistan) and the Kyzyl-Suu (in Kyrgyzstan) is a Central Asian river, and one of the main rivers of the nation of Tajikistan. ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... For other uses of this word, see Silk (disambiguation). ... For people named Leather, see Leather (surname). ...


Buildings and attractions

  • Dushanbe Airport
  • Haji Yakoub Mosque
  • Museum of Ethnography
  • Tajikistan National Museum (Tajik Unified Museum)
  • The National Museum of Antiquities of Tajikistan
  • Vahdat Palace

Dushanbe Airport (IATA: DYU, ICAO: UTDD) is an airport located in Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan. ... Tajikistan National Museum, Dushanbe. ... Vahdat Palace Vahdat Palace is a building in the city of Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan. ...

Sister cities

Currently, Dushanbe has 10 sister cities. Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Town twinning or sister cities is a concept whereby towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other places with the same name, see Kabul (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Akhisar (pronounced: ah-kee-sahr; or Tepe Mezarligi) is a district and a town center of Manisa Province in the Aegean region of Turkey. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The City of Boulder ( , Mountain Time Zone) is a home rule municipality located in Boulder County, Colorado, United States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Klagenfurt since July 3, 2007 Klagenfurt am Wörthersee is the capital of the federal state of Carinthia (German Kärnten), in Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Yemen. ... Sanaá (Arabic صنعاء, romanized as , and also known as Sana or Sanaa), population 1,303,000 (2000), is the capital of Yemen. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zambia. ... Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia. ...

See also

Farkhor Air Base is the only Indian overseas military base, situated at Farkhor/Ayni in Tajikistan. ... Symphonic Orchestra of Dushanbe is Tajikistans main Persian Symphony Orchestra located in Dushanbe. ... Kabul (Kâbl, in Persian کابل) is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan with a population variously estimated at 2 to 4 million. ... The School for Deaf and Mute (Tajik: Мактаби кару гунгхо, transliterated /maktab-i kar-u gungho/) is a special art and social sciences school in Dushanbe for students with limited hearing and speaking ability. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Capital city with population by country. Retrieved on 2007-01-25.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Dushanbe

  Results from FactBites:
 
AllRefer.com - Dushanbe (CIS And Baltic Political Geography) - Encyclopedia (226 words)
It is a major industrial and cultural center in a rich agricultural area.
From 1929, when the city became the capital of the Tadzhik SSR, to 1961, it was known as Stalinabad.
Dushanbe became the capital of independent Tajikistan in 1991.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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