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Encyclopedia > Durham, North Carolina
Durham, North Carolina
Duke's East Campus and Durham Skyline
Official flag of Durham, North Carolina
Flag
Nickname: "Bull City", "City of Medicine"
Location in North Carolina
Location in North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°59′19″N 78°54′26″W / 35.98861, -78.90722
Country United States
State North Carolina
Counties Durham, Orange, Wake
Government
 - Mayor Bill Bell
Area
 - City  94.9 sq mi (245.8 km²)
 - Land  94.6 sq mi (245.1 km²)
 - Water  0.3 sq mi (0.7 km²)
Elevation  404 ft (123 m)
Population (2005)
 - City 208,816
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 919
FIPS code 37-19000GR2
GNIS feature ID 1020059GR3
Website: Durham, NC

Durham is a city in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It is the county seat of Durham CountyGR6 and is the fourth-largest city in the state by population. It is the home of Duke University and North Carolina Central University, and is also one of the vertices of the Research Triangle (home of the Research Triangle Park).[1] Image File history File links Durham_Skyline. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Durham,_North_Carolina. ... // A nickname is a name of a person or thing other than its proper name. ... Adapted from Wikipedias NC county maps by Seth Ilys. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... List of North Carolina counties: Alamance County Alexander County Alleghany County Anson County Ashe County Avery County Beaufort County Bertie County Bladen County Brunswick County Buncombe County Burke County Cabarrus County Caldwell County Camden County Carteret County Caswell County Catawba County Chatham County Cherokee County Chowan County Clay County Cleveland... Durham County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Orange County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Wake County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... William V. Bell is the current mayor of Durham, North Carolina. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 919 is the telephone area code serving the state of North Carolina. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Durham County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Duke University is a private coeducational research university located in Durham, North Carolina, USA. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. ... North Carolina Central University (NCCU) is a historically black college located in Durham, North Carolina. ... The Research Triangle, commonly referred to as the Triangle, is a region in the piedmont of North Carolina in the United States, anchored by the cities of Raleigh, Durham, and Chapel Hill and the major research universities of North Carolina State University, Duke University, and the University of North Carolina... Research Triangle Park (RTP) is the largest research park in the world. ...


Durham is the core of the four county Durham, NC MSA, which has a population of 451,212 as of July 1, 2004. The US Office of Management and Budget also defines Durham as a part of the Raleigh-Durham-Cary Combined Statistical Area, which has a population of 1,565,223 as of July 1, 2006. In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... For other uses of this name, see Raleigh. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines micropolitan and metropolitan statistical areas. ...

Contents

History

Durham originated in 1853 with the search for a suitable railroad depot for the North Carolina Railroad between Raleigh and Hillsborough. The wood-burning steam locomotives of the time had to stop frequently to refuel, and depots supplying wood and water could not be more than 25-30 miles apart. An earlier post office known as Herndon's existed in the area from 1827, and another at nearby Prattsburg was established in 1836. The landowners at Prattsburg refused to sell land to the railroad. Somewhat further to the northwest, a country physician named Bartlett S. Durham lived and practiced along the route. He donated land to the railroad, which named the subsequent depot Durham Station. Prior to the arrival of the railroad, the area now known as Durham was almost entirely agricultural, with a few businesses catering to travelers (particularly livestock drivers) along the Hillsborough Road. This road, eventually followed by US Route 70, was the major east-west route in North Carolina from colonial times until the construction of interstate highways. For other uses of this name, see Raleigh. ... Hillsborough is a town in Orange County, North Carolina, United States. ...


The town grew slowly before the Civil War, but grew rapidly following the war; the present city charter dates from 1869. Much of this growth can be attributed to the establishment of a thriving tobacco industry. Soldiers, both Union and Confederate, were encamped at Bennett Place, just outside the town, during surrender proceedings. During their long encampment, they liberally sampled the area's Brightleaf Tobacco, which purportedly had a milder flavor than other tobacco varieties. After returning to their homes, numerous orders were mailed to Green's tobacco company requesting more of the Durham tobacco. W.T. Blackwell would partner with Green, and rename the company the "Bull Durham Tobacco Company". The name "Bull Durham" is said to have been taken from the bull on the British Colman's Mustard, which Mr. Blackwell (mistakenly) believed was manufactured in Durham, England. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... Popularly known as Bennett Place, the farmhouse owned by James and Nancy Bennett (alternately and probably correctly, Bennitt) was the site of the largest surrender of troops during the American Civil War on April 26, 1865. ... Colmans English Mustard jar Colmans is a UK manufacturer of mustard, based in Norwich, Norfolk. ... Durham (IPA: locally, in RP) is a small city and main settlement of the City of Durham district of County Durham in North East England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


20th Century

Looking west along Parrish Street, towards CCB (SunTrust) Building

The rapid growth and prosperity of the Bull Durham Tobacco Company, and Washington Duke's Duke & Sons Tobacco Company, would result in the rapid growth of the city of Durham. While the tobacco industry dominated the city's economy initially, it was soon rivaled by the establishment of multiple textile mills, particularly in East and West Durham. Much of the early city architecture, both commercial and residential, dates from the period of 1890 - 1930. Image File history File links Durham_Main_Street. ... Image File history File links Durham_Main_Street. ...


Durham quickly developed a vibrant African-American community, the center of which was an area known as 'Hayti' (pronounced HAY-tie), just south of the center of town, where some of the most prominent and successful black-owned businesses in the country during the early 20th century were established. These businesses — the best known of which are North Carolina Mutual Insurance Company and Mechanics & Farmers' Bank — were centered on Parrish St., which would come to be known as "Black Wall Street." Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ...


Durham's fortunes declined during the mid-20th century. Textile mills began to close during the 1930s, and competition from other tobacco companies (as well as a decrease in smoking after the 1960s) reduced revenues to Durham's tobacco industry. Although the region benefited significantly from the establishment of Research Triangle Park in 1958, Durham did not experience the same early increases in housing development as neighboring Raleigh and Cary. Suburban flight also contributed to the slow but progressive decline of downtown Durham as a retail and economic center. For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ...


With a strong African-American community, a strong Civil Rights movement developed in Durham. Multiple sit-ins were held, and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. visited the city during the struggle for equal rights. Martin Luther King redirects here. ...


This strong community was not enough to prevent the demolition of portions of the Hayti district for the construction of the Durham Freeway during the late 1960s. The freeway construction also resulted in the loss of large parts of other historic neighborhoods, including Morehead Hills, West End, and West Durham. Combined with large-scale demolition using Urban Renewal funds, Durham suffered significant losses from its historic architectural base.


Durham's growth began to rekindle during the 1970s and 1980s, with the construction of multiple housing developments in the southern part of the city, nearest Research Triangle Park, and the beginnings of downtown revitalization. In 1975, the St. Joseph's Historical Foundation at the Hayti Heritage Center was incorporated to "preserve the heritage of the old Hayti community, and to promote the understanding of and appreciation for the African American experience and African Americans' contributions to world culture."[2] A new downtown baseball stadium was constructed for the Durham Bulls in 1994, and a large-scale historic renovation of the American Tobacco Company (formerly Bull Durham) complex commenced in 2003. Research Triangle Park (RTP) is the largest research park in the world. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The American Tobacco Company was founded in 1890 by J. B. Duke as a merger between a number of tobacco manufacturers including Allen and Ginter. ...


Education

Colleges and universities

Public education in Durham is provided by Durham Public Schools. Durham owns 45 schools, including a school for hospitalized children. Durham also is home to the state-run residential high school North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 969 KB) Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Duke University User talk:ProhibitOnions User talk:QuizQuick/Archive to 2006 April 23 Duke Chapel Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 969 KB) Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Duke University User talk:ProhibitOnions User talk:QuizQuick/Archive to 2006 April 23 Duke Chapel Metadata This... Duke Chapel Duke Chapel, located at the heart of the campus of Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, is an ecumenical Christian chapel and the center of religion at Duke. ... Duke University is a private coeducational research university located in Durham, North Carolina, USA. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. ... North Carolina Central University (NCCU) is a historically black college located in Durham, North Carolina. ... Durham Technical Community College (DTCC, aka Durham Tech) is a public two-year accredited institution of higher education and technical training school located in Durham, North Carolina, USA. Durham Techs main campus is near to downtown Durham, North Carolinas Research Triangle Park, and Raleigh-Durham International Airport. ... Durham Public Schools is a government school district located in Durham County, North Carolina. ... The North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics (NCSSM) is a two-year, public residential high school located in Durham, North Carolina, which focuses on the intensive study of science, mathematics and technology. ...


Sports and Entertainment

Durham Bulls logo

Durham's most famous professional sports team is the Durham Bulls International League baseball team. A movie involving the franchise, Bull Durham, was produced in 1988. The Bulls play in the Durham Bulls Athletic Park, south of downtown, constructed in 1994. Designed by HOK-Sport, the designers of Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore, the stadium has 10,000 seats and is fronted by an office building, Diamond View I, built by the owner of the team, Raleigh's Capital Broadcasting. Construction of a second Diamond View office building and parking deck is currently underway. Now with one of the newest and most impressive stadiums in the minor leagues, the Bulls usually generate an annual attendance of around 500,000. Previously the Durham Athletic Park, located north of downtown, had served as the team's homebase. It has been preserved for the use of other minor league baseball teams as well as for concerts sponsored by the City of Durham and other events. The Durham Dragons, a women's fast pitch softball team, played in the Durham Athletic Park from 1998-2000. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The International League (IL) is a minor league baseball league which operates in the eastern United States and Canada. ... This article is about the sport. ... Bull Durham is a 1988 American movie about love and baseball. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Durham Bulls Athletic Park is a baseball stadium in Durham, North Carolina that is home to the AAA affiliate of the Tampa Bay Devil Rays of Major League Baseball. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Oriole Park at Camden Yards is a baseball stadium located in Baltimore, Maryland, which was completed in 1992 to replace the aging Memorial Stadium. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... For other uses of this name, see Raleigh. ... Durham Athletic Park ca. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... Soft ball is also a sugar stage Softball is a team sport popular around the world but especially in the United States. ...


NCAA Sports

Duke University offers 26 NCAA Division I sporting teams and competes in the ACC. Duke has won 3 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Championships, and is third in NCAA Final Four appearances in Men's Basketball with 14. Duke University is a private coeducational research university located in Durham, North Carolina, USA. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often said NC-Double-A) is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletics programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... The Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) is one of the oldest collegiate athletic leagues in the United States. ... // Final four redirects here. ...


North Carolina Central University offers NCAA Division I sporting teams and currently in transition to compete in the MEAC. North Carolina Central University (NCCU) is a historically black college located in Durham, North Carolina. ... Division I is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association in the United States. ... The Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC) is a collegiate athletic conference which consists of historically black colleges in the southeastern United States. ...


NCCU has won CIAA championships in football, volleyball, and cross country for two consecutive years. NCCU won the 1989 NCAA Division II Men's Basketball Championship.


The city also owns a national landmark downtown, the Carolina Theatre, which is operated by a nonprofit organization. The Carolina Theatre is the host of the North Carolina Gay & Lesbian Film Festival and the Full Frame Documentary Film Festival. The Full Frame Documentary Film Festival caters to documentary film makers all over the world. In addition, the American Dance Festival, a six-week series of dance performances, is held each summer at the Duke University Campus. The Carolina Theatre is an historic landmark in downtown Durham, North Carolina. ... The American Dance Festival is a six-week summer season of modern dance performances, and a school for dance currently held at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. ... Duke University is a private coeducational research university located in Durham, North Carolina, USA. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. ...


Points of interest

The American Tobacco Trail (ATT) is a 22-mile long Rails-to-Trails project located in the Research Triangle region of North Carolina, running along an abandoned railroad bed originally built for the American Tobacco Company in the 1970s. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Popularly known as Bennett Place, the farmhouse owned by James and Nancy Bennett (alternately and probably correctly, Bennitt) was the site of the largest surrender of troops during the American Civil War on April 26, 1865. ... The Carolina Theatre is an historic landmark in downtown Durham, North Carolina. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... Duke University is a private coeducational research university located in Durham, North Carolina, USA. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. ... Horton Grove was a very large slave community located in the northeastern part of Durham in Durham County. ... The North Carolina Museum of Life and Science (NCMLS, formerly the NC Childrens Museum) is a science museum located in Durham, North Carolina, USA, featuring an array of largely hands-on exhibits intended to illustrate concepts of natural science. ... The Sarah P. Duke Gardens consist of approximately 55 acres of landscaped and wooded areas at Duke University. ... Durham Central Park is a municipal, arts-themed park in downtown Durham. ... Stagville Plantation is located in north central North Carolina. ... It has been suggested that South Square Mall be merged into this article or section. ... West Point Mill is an historic mill on the Eno River, just North of Durham, North Carolina. ... The American Tobacco Company was founded in 1890 by J. B. Duke as a merger between a number of tobacco manufacturers including Allen and Ginter. ... Durham Bulls Athletic Park is a baseball stadium in Durham, North Carolina that is home to the AAA affiliate of the Tampa Bay Devil Rays of Major League Baseball. ...

Culture

Events include jazz festivals, blues festivals, symphony concerts, art exhibitions, and a multitude[3] of cultural expositions, including the American Dance Festival and the Full Frame Documentary Film Festival. A center of Durham's culture is its Carolina Theater, which shows both live performances and films, primarily independent releases. Notable dining establishments are primarily concentrated in the Ninth Street, Brightleaf, and University Drive areas. There is a resurgence of restaurants in and around the downtown area, including several new restaurants in the American Tobacco District. The American Dance Festival is a six-week summer season of modern dance performances, and a school for dance currently held at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. ... The Full Frame Documentary Film Festival is one of the United States premier documentary film festivals held over the course of four days each spring at the Carolina Theater in Durham, North Carolina. ... The Carolina Theatre is an historic landmark in downtown Durham, North Carolina. ...


Durham hosts a yearly Gay and Lesbian Film Festival, which draws people from across the United States, as well as an annual Gay Pride Parade. Durham is the home of the Independent Weekly, a progressive weekly newspaper. 2004 Gay Pride Parade in São Paulo, Brazil. ... Independent Weekly is a tabloid-format alternative weekly published in Durham, North Carolina and is distributed throughout the Raleigh-Durham area. ...


The Durham Association for Downtown Arts (DADA) is a non-profit arts organization located in the downtown area. It was founded in 1998 and then incorporated in 2000. The organization's mission is a commitment to the development, presentation and fiscal sponsorship of original art and performance in Durham. DADA strives to support local artists working in a diversity of artistic media. Emphasizing community, DADA helps local residents gain access to these artists by providing free or low-cost venue admission.


Movies filmed in Durham

  • Three In The Attic 1967
  • Brainstorm 1981
  • Weeds 1987
  • The White Girl 1987
  • Bull Durham 1987
  • The Handmaid's Tale 1990
  • Once Around 1990
  • Billy Bathgate 1991
  • The Program 1992
  • Painting Churches 1992
  • The Portrait 1993
  • Getting In 1993
  • Bandwagon 1994
  • Margaret 1994
  • The Immortal 1994
  • Chesterfield 1995
  • Kiss the Girls 1996
  • Clowns 1999
  • The Rookie 2002
  • Scenic 2003
  • Majolie & Chouchou 2003
  • Duchess of Durham County 2006
  • Welcome to Durham, USA 2007. Upon its release and subsequent screenings at several film festivals, Welcome to Durham, USA created serious buzz and press with a relevant issue that few had touched upon.

For a complete listing of all television, video and commercials filmed in Durham, visit http://www.durham-nc.com/film/film_history.php Bull Durham is a 1988 American movie about love and baseball. ... The Handmaids Tale is a dystopian novel by Canadian author Margaret Atwood, first published by McClelland and Stewart in 1985. ... Billy Bathgate is a 1989 novel by author E.L. Doctorow that won the 1990 PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction and was the runner up for the 1990 Pulitzer Prize [1]. The story is told in the first person by Billy Bathgate Behan, a fifteen year old boy who first... Bandwagon may refer to: any of several observable copycat behaviours, as used in the phrase to jump on the bandwagon; see bandwagon effect and bandwagon fallacy. ... Margaret is a 2006 dramatic film starring Matt Damon and Matthew Broderick written and directed by Kenneth Lonergan about a female teenager played by Anna Paquin and her quest to rationalize her involvement in a terrible accident. ... This article is for the film Kiss the Girls. ... The Rookie is a 2002 drama, directed by John Lee Hancock. ... Welcome to Durham, USA is a documentary about gang violence in Durham, North Carolina. ...


Famous natives and residents

Born in Durham

  • Hall of Fame college (NCCU) and professional (Charleston, WV Rockets) football player, businessman, author, inventor, scientist, and entrepreneur James M. DeVone, Sr.[citation needed]

Roger Lee Craig (born February 17, 1930 in Durham, North Carolina) is a former pitcher, coach and manager in Major League Baseball who, during an 11-year playing career, won 10 games in 1956, 1957, and 1962. ... Richard Benjamin Rick Ferrell (October 12, 1905 - July 27, 1995) was a Major League Baseball player, and a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. ... Brian Michael Roberts (born October 9, 1977 in Durham, North Carolina), nicknamed B-Rob, is a switch hitting second baseman who plays for the Baltimore Orioles in the MLB. He has spent his entire professional career with the Orioles organization and made his major league debut in 2001. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4, 5, 8, 20, 22, 33, 42 Name Baltimore Orioles (1954–present) St. ... Rodney Ray Rogers (born June 20, 1971 in Durham, North Carolina) is a former NBA basketball player who last played power forward for the Philadelphia 76ers. ... Dewayne Neron Washington (born December 27, 1972 in Durham, North Carolina) is an American football cornerback for the Kansas City Chiefs of the NFL. He has also played for the Minnesota Vikings (1994-1997), Pittsburgh Steelers (1998-2003), and Jacksonville Jaguars (2004). ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Seth Wescott (born June 28, 1976 in Durham, North Carolina) is an American snowboarder. ...

Residents of Durham

  • James M. DeVone, Sr., Internationally recognized Inventor, Scientist("Global Warming Solutions, 1976"-(See: www.wikipatents.com, US Patent no. 4045077) and a former student of Dr. Leroy T. Walker, lives in Durham, presently.
  • Michael W. Krzyzewski is the coach of the United States and Duke University basketball teams and has been a resident of Durham since 1980, when he became the coach at Duke. He is a member of the International Basketball Hall of Fame and his teams at Duke have won 3 national collegiate championships. He is widely known in the United States simply as "Coach K". He is also an adjunct professor in the Fuqua School of Business at Duke University and has written a number of books on the topic of leadership in organizations.
  • Dr. LeRoy T. Walker, former United States Olympic President and former Chancellor of North Carolina Central University(NCCU), presently lives in Durham.[9]

Branford Marsalis. ... Branford Marsalis – saxophones Joey Calderazzo - piano Eric Revis - bass Jeff Tain Watts - drums 2006 - Braggtown 2004 - A Love Supreme Live 2004 - Eternal http://www. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An album or record album is a collection of related audio or music tracks distributed to the public. ... The Branford Marsalis Quartets 2006 release of Braggtown, following the 2004 Grammy®-nominated Eternal and drawing upon a world of inspirations, including John Coltrane, an 17th Century English composer, an American Indian Warrior and a Japanese horror film, is the Quartets most comprehensive and compelling recording to date. ... Braggtown (or Bragtown) is a neighborhood located in the northeastern corner of Durham, North Carolina. ... Michael William Krzyzewski (; in American English transliteration shuh-shef-skee; born February 13, 1947 in Chicago, Illinois), often referred to as Coach K due to the difficult pronunciation of his surname, is the head coach of the Duke University mens basketball team. ... LeRoy T. Walker was the first black president of the United States Olympic Committee. ...

Associated with Durham

The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... The Bridge (2001) Doug Marlette is an award-winning American editorial cartoonist and writer. ...

Politics

The area is predominantly Democratic, and has voted for the Democratic Party's presidential candidate in every election since the county's founding in 1869. Durham is an activist community and politics are lively, visible, and often contentious,[citation needed] and like many communities, often dealing with issues of race and class.[citation needed] The shifting alliances of the area's political action committees since the 1980s has led to a very active local political scene. Notable groups include the Durham Committee on the Affairs of Black People, the Durham People's Alliance, and the Friends of Durham. Compared to other similarly sized Southern cities, Durham has a larger than average population of middle class African-Americans and white liberals.[citation needed] Working together in coalition, these two groups have dominated city and county politics since the early 1980s. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... In the United States, a political action committee, or PAC, is the name commonly given to a private group organized to elect or defeat government officials in order to promote legislation, often supporting the groups special interests. ... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ...


Key political issues have been the redevelopment of Downtown Durham and revival of other historic neighborhoods and commercial districts, a 45% reduction of crime, a 10 year plan to end homelessness, initiatives to reduce truancy, issues related growth and development. Naturally, a merger of Durham City Schools (several inner city neighborhoods) and Durham County Schools in the early 1990s has not been without controversy.


Recent Issues

In 2005, racial tensions flared over the school board for the Durham Public School.[11] When a black principal at a local middle school was accused of unfairly targeting black students for punishments, local parents and leaders in the black community approached the school board to request the principal be punished. When the school board initially voted not to punish the principal, the group of petitioners and others began to become vocal about the issue of the racial divide of the school board, which had a one seat white majority. When one member of the school board visited the school with one of the concerned parents, they were removed from the school by the police for interrupting the school day and ordered not to return. Over the next several months, school board meetings were marred by shouted insults, including racial epithets, from the public forum as well as between members. In an attempt to control the presentation of issues, the Superintendent attempted to institute new rules for discussions at school board meetings, but this only caused more strife. Tied into this was a proposal to change the way the Durham County School Board is elected -- from a district-based system to at-large elections -- resulted in an adversarial relationship between board members and primarily black parents.[12] The proposal was seen as potentially reducing African-American representation, although Durham frequently elects African-Americans in at-large races such as mayor and County Commissioner. Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ...


During this same time, three crosses were burnt in the area, leading some to question if the burnings were related to the school board issues. However, citizens from communities city-wide turned out in the hundreds for candlelight vigils after the cross burnings. There were also several incidents of vandalism (spray-painting) related to the Ku Klux Klan — seemingly, both by and against — and Ku Klux Klan pamphlets were found distributed in several neighborhoods as recently as June 2007. [1] Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ...


Also in 2005, Reverend Fred Phelps's group came to protest the Durham School of the Arts's presentation of The Laramie Project; counter-protesters supporting the high school students were said to outnumber them 10-1.[13] Fred Waldron Phelps, Sr. ... Durham School of the Arts (DSA) is a middle/high magnet school located in downtown Durham, North Carolina. ... This article is about the play. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ...


In 2006, racial and community tensions were stirred[citation needed] following allegations of a sexual assault by three white members of the Duke University lacrosse team in what is now known as the 2006 Duke University lacrosse case. The allegations were made by a female African American stripper and mother of two young children who was hired for a party that the team held in an off-campus house. In 2007, all charges in the case were dropped. Durham County District Attorney Mike Nifong was dismissed from his job and disbarred from legal practice for negligent mishandling of the case. There have been several other results from the case. The 2006 Duke University lacrosse case was a scandal that started in March 2006 when Crystal Gail Mangum,[1][2][3] a black stripper and escort, and a student at North Carolina Central University, falsely accused three white members of Duke Universitys mens lacrosse team[4] of raping... Michael Byron Nifong (born September 14, 1950) is a disbarred North Carolina attorney. ... The 2006 Duke University lacrosse case resulted in a great deal of coverage in the media and a widespread community response at Duke and in the Durham, North Carolina area. ...


Immigration policy

Since 2003 the city has had a sanctuary city policy. A city council resolution mandates that police officers "...may not request specific documents for the sole purpose of determining a person's civil immigration status, and may not initiate police action based solely on a person's civil immigration status ..." Councilman and mayoral candidate Thomas Stith III proposed that jail personnel inquire into the immigration status of anyone convicted of felonies or driving-under-intoxication. [14] A sanctuary city is a city in which immigration law is not enforced. ...


Passenger transportation

See also: Durham, North Carolina (Amtrak station)

Parking Yes; free Baggage check Yes Other information Accessible Code DNC Traffic Passengers (2006) 39,035 15% The Durham Amtrak Station, located in Durham, North Carolina, is served by is served by two passenger trains, the Carolinian and Piedmont. ... Raleigh-Durham International Airport (IATA: RDU, ICAO: KRDU, FAA LID: RDU) is located 9 miles (14. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 40 Interstate 40 (abbreviated I-40) is a major west-east interstate highway in the United States. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 40 Interstate 40 (abbreviated I-40) is a major west-east interstate highway in the United States. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 85 Interstate 85 (abbreviated I-85) is an interstate highway in the southeastern United States. ... The U.S. Highway 15-501 concurrency is a vital route in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... NC 147 is a North Carolina state highway entirely within Durham County. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... The Carolinian is a train running daily between Charlotte, North Carolina and New York, New York. ... “Charlotte” redirects here. ... For other uses of this name, see Raleigh. ... Miami redirects here. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... NOLA redirects here. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Triangle Transit Authority bus. ... For other uses of this name, see Raleigh. ... Nickname: Location in North Carolina Coordinates: , Country State Counties Orange, Durham, and Chatham Founded 1793 Government  - Mayor Kevin C. Foy Area  - City  19. ... The American Tobacco Trail (ATT) is a 22-mile long Rails-to-Trails project located in the Research Triangle region of North Carolina, running along an abandoned railroad bed originally built for the American Tobacco Company in the 1970s. ...

Law and government

Durham operates under a council-manager government. The current mayor is Bill Bell. The council-manager government is one of two main variations of representative municipal government in the United States. ... William V. Bell is the current mayor of Durham, North Carolina. ...


City council members are Cora Cole-McFadden (Ward 1), Howard Clement, III (Ward 2), Mike Woodard (Ward 3), and at-large members Eugene A. Brown, Diane Catotti, and Thomas Stith, III. Howard Clement, III is a member of the town council of Durham, North Carolina. ... Mike Woodard is a member of the city council of Durham, North Carolina. ... Categories: People stubs | Members of the Durham City Council ... Categories: People stubs | Members of the Durham City Council ... Categories: People stubs | Members of the Durham City Council ...


Geography

Durham is located at 35°59′19″N, 78°54′26″W (35.988644, -78.907167)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 245.8 km² (94.9 mi²). 245.1 km² (94.6 mi²) of it is land and 0.7 km² (0.3 mi²) of it (0.29%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

Historical populations
Census
year
Population

1890 5,485
1900 6,679
1910 18,241
1920 21,719
1930 52,037
1940 60,195
1950 73,368
1960 84,642
1970 100,768
1980 100,831
1990 136,611
2000 187,035
2005 208,816

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 201,726 people, 74,981 households, and 43,563 families residing in the city. The population density was 763.1/km² (1,976.4/mi²). There were 80,797 housing units at an average density of 329.7/km² (853.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 45.50% White, 43.81% African American, 0.31% Native American, 3.64% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.75% from other races, and 1.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.56% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 74,981 households, out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.2% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.9% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37, and the average family size was 3.01. The household is the basic unit of analysis in many microeconomic and government models. ... Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 14.1% from 18 to 24, 35.6% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $41,160, and the median income for a family was $51,162. Males had a median income of $35,202 versus $30,359 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,526. About 11.3% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over. The median household income is commonly used to provide data about smaller geographic areas. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Sister Cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Tanzania. ... Arusha with a view of Mount Meru This article refers to the city of Arusha. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Durham (IPA: locally, in RP) is a small city and main settlement of the City of Durham district of County Durham in North East England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Fire-observation watchtower in Kostroma (1825-28). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Toyama (富山市; -shi) is the capital city of Toyama Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... San Ramón is a municipality in the Matagalpa department of Nicaragua. ...

See also

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section can be improved by converting lengthy lists to text. ... The I-85 Corridor is a multi-state region that follows I-85 across the Southeastern U.S. It includes several metropolitan areas: the Atlanta metropolitan area, The SC Upstate, Asheville, Charlotte metropolitan area, The NC Piedmont Triad, The NC Triangle, and Richmond-Petersburg. ...

References

  1. ^ Where is RTP?. Research Triangle Foundation of North Carolina. Retrieved on 2007-10-09.
  2. ^ St. Joseph's Historical Foundation at Hayti Heritage Center.
  3. ^ Visit Durham to Enjoy a Thriving Arts Community?. The Article Writer. Retrieved on 2007-10-09.
  4. ^ Roger Lee Craig. Baseball Almanac. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.
  5. ^ Rick Ferrell. The Baseball Page. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.
  6. ^ Brian Roberts Statistics. Sports Reference,Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-07-29.
  7. ^ Rick Ferrell. United States Olympic Committee. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.
  8. ^ "Branford's bragging rights", News and Observer. Retrieved on 2007-10-24. 
  9. ^ "LeRoy Walker Bio", US Track and Field Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2007-10-24. 
  10. ^ Cartoonist Doug Marlette dies in wreck. Raleigh News and Observer. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.
  11. ^ Racism Charges Leveled In Durham School Board Meeting
  12. ^ Petition Drive To Change Durham Schools Elections Fails
  13. ^ Westboro Baptist Church protest in Durham, NC
  14. ^ Matt Dies, "Durham may tweak checks for immigrants," "News and Observer" September 6, 2007 http://www.newsobserver.com/news/story/694361.html

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Coordinates: 35.988644° N 78.907167° W Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Durham, North Carolina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2180 words)
Durham originated in 1853 with the search for a suitable railroad depot for the North Carolina Railroad between Wilson and Hillsborough.
Durham's growth began to rekindle during the 1980s, with the construction of multiple housing developments in the southern part of the city, nearest Research Triangle Park, and the beginnings of downtown revitalization.
North Carolina Central University offers NCAA Division II sporting teams and currently competes in the Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association (CIAA), but will begin a five year process to move to Division I in 2006 (I-AA in football).
Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1447 words)
A small part of the Park stretches into Wake County, but the majority of the land is in Durham County and near the Durham city limits.
The General Assembly of North Carolina charters the Raleigh-Durham Aeronautical Authority in 1939, which would be changed in 1945 to the Raleigh-Durham Airport Authority.
This created a difficulty in North Carolina competing with USAirway's hub in Charlotte and Delta's hub in Atlanta for passengers traveling between smaller cities in the North and South.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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