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Encyclopedia > Durham, New Hampshire
Town of Durham
Location within Strafford County, New Hampshire
Location within Strafford County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°08′02″N 70°55′35″W / 43.13389, -70.92639
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Strafford
Settled 1699
Incorporated 1732
Area
 - Town  24.8 sq mi (64.1 km²)
 - Land  22.4 sq mi (58.0 km²)
 - Water  2.4 sq mi (6.1 km²)
Elevation  50 ft (15 m)
Population (2000)
 - Town 12,684
 - Density 565.5/sq mi (218.4/km²)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Website: www.ci.durham.nh.us

Durham is a town in Strafford County, New Hampshire, USA. The population was 12,664 at the 2000 census. Durham is home to the University of New Hampshire. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Strafford County is a county located in the state of New Hampshire. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ... In political geography and international politics, a country is a political division of a geographical entity, a sovereign territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation and government. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ... List of New Hampshire counties: New Hampshire counties Belknap County: formed in 1840 from parts of Merrimack County and Strafford County. ... Strafford County is a county located in the state of New Hampshire. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Strafford County is a county located in the state of New Hampshire. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ... University of New Hampshire (UNH) is a public university in the University System of New Hampshire (USNH). ...

Contents

History

Old Mill & Dam in 1908

Situated beside Great Bay at the mouth of the Oyster River, Durham was originally called "Oyster River Plantation." It was settled in 1635 as a part of Dover. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Great Bay is a tidal estuary located in Strafford and Rockingham counties in eastern New Hampshire, United States. ... Old mill and dam on the Oyster River, 1908, Durham, NH The Oyster River is about 12 miles (19 kilometres) long, and located in Strafford County, southeastern New Hampshire, USA. It rises in Madbury, flows south through Lee, then east-southeast in a serpentine course past Durham to meet the... Dover is a city located in Strafford County, New Hampshire, on the Cocheco River. ...


During King William's War, on July 18, 1694 "Oyster River" was attacked in the Oyster River Massacre by French career soldier Sebastien de Villieu with about 250 Abenaki Indians under command of their sagamore, Bomazeen. In all, 45 inhabitants were killed and 49 taken captive, with half the dwellings, including 5 garrisons, burned to the ground. Crops were destroyed and livestock killed, causing famine and destitution for survivors. The community would rebuild, and by 1716 Durham was a separate parish, named after Durham, England. Incorporated in 1735, Durham once included portions of the present-day towns of Madbury, Lee and Newmarket. The first of the French and Indian Wars, King Williams War (1689–1697) , was the North American theater of the War of the Grand Alliance (1688–1697) fought principally in Europe between the armies of France under Louis XIV and those of a coalition of European powers including England. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ... The Abenaki (also Wabanuok or Wabanaki) are a tribe of Native Americans/First Nations belonging to the Algonquian peoples of northeastern North America. ... A sagamore is the head of a Native American tribe. ... For people named Garrison, see Garrison (disambiguation) Garrison House, built by William Damm in 1675 at Dover, New Hampshire Garrison (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, to equip) is the collective term for the body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but... A famine is a social and economic crisis that is commonly accompanied by widespread malnutrition, starvation, epidemic and increased mortality. ... Destitution is an extreme state of poverty, in which a person is almost completely lacking in resources or means of support. ... For other places called Durham, see Durham (disambiguation). ... Seal of Madbury, NH Madbury is a town located in Strafford County, New Hampshire, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 1,509. ... Lee is a town located in Strafford County, New Hampshire, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 4,145. ... Newmarket is a town located in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 8,027. ...

General View of UNH in 1913
General View of UNH in 1913

A descendent of an early settler, Benjamin Thompson bequeathed his assets and family estate, "Warner Farm," to the state for the establishment of an agricultural college. Originally founded in 1866, at Hanover, the New Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts moved to Durham in 1893, and became University of New Hampshire in 1923. "Thompson Hall," built in 1892 with an iconic clocktower, is named in his honor. Designed in the Romanesque Revival style by the Concord architectural firm of Dow & Randlett, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... For other persons named Benjamin Thompson, see Benjamin Thompson (disambiguation). ... Dartmouth Colleges Baker Library is a prominent feature at the center of Hanover Located on the Connecticut River in the state of New Hampshire, United States, Hanover has a population of 10,850. ... Culver Hall in Hanover, NH was the first building of NHC. New Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts (NHC) was founded and incoporated in 1866, as a land grant college in Hanover in connection with Dartmouth College. ... A style of building in the late 19th century (roughly 1840 and 1900) inspired by the 11th and 12th century Romanesque style of architecture. ... Location in Merrimack County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Merrimack County Incorporated 1733  - City Manager Thomas J. Aspell, Jr. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


Notable Inhabitants

Daniel Ford is an American author and journalist. ... Cover of Looking Back Daphne Joyce Maynard (November 5, 1953 - ) is an American writer who became famous for her relationship with J. D. Salinger. ... A Pulitzer-prize winning journalist, Donald Murray is a columnist for The Boston Globe and Professor Emeritus of English at the University of New Hampshire. ... Hercules Mooney (1715-1800) was born in Ireland to a family a family of Irish Protestants. ... Combatants United States (United Colonies prior to July 1776) France Spanish Empire Dutch Republic Polish volunteers Quebec volunteers Prussian volunteers Oneida Tuscarora Great Britain Loyalists Hessian mercenaries Iroquois Confederacy Duchy of Brunswick Commanders George Washington Nathanael Greene Gilbert de La Fayette Comte de Rochambeau Bernardo de Gálvez Tadeusz Ko... Alexander Scammel sometimes Scammell (1747-1781) was born in Mendon, Massachusetts and as a young man was a graduate of Harvard College in 1769. ... The 3rd New Hampshire Regiment was formed on June 1, 1775 as the third of three Continental Army regiments raised by the state of New Hampshire during the American Revolution. ... General John Sullivan John Sullivan (b. ... For other persons named Benjamin Thompson, see Benjamin Thompson (disambiguation). ...

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 64.1 km² (24.8 mi²). 58.0 km² (22.4 mi²) of it is land and 6.1 km² (2.4 mi²) of it is water, comprising 9.57% of the town. The town is drained by the Oyster River. The highest point in Durham is Beech Hill (290 feet / 88 meters above sea level), located on the town's northern border. Durham lies fully within the Piscataqua River (Coastal) watershed.[1] The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... The Piscataqua River seen from downtown Portsmouth, New Hampshire The Piscataqua River, in the northeastern United States, is a 12 mi (19 km) long tidal estuary formed by the confluence of the Salmon Falls and Cocheco rivers. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


Demographics

This article describes the town of Durham as a whole. Additional demographic detail is available which describes only the more densely populated central settlement within the town, although those details are included in the aggregate values reported here. See: Durham (CDP), New Hampshire. Durham CDP is a census-designated place located within the town of Durham in Strafford County, New Hampshire. ...

Hamilton Smith Hall in c. 1920
Hamilton Smith Hall in c. 1920

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,664 people, 2,882 households, and 1,582 families residing in the town. The population density was 218.4/km² (565.5/mi²). There were 2,923 housing units at an average density of 50.4/km² (130.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.55% White, 0.77% African American, 0.21% Native American, 3.10% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. 1.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Image File history File links Old_Library,_UNH.jpg Old Library, with Thompson Hall in the background, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH; from an old postcard. ... Image File history File links Old_Library,_UNH.jpg Old Library, with Thompson Hall in the background, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH; from an old postcard. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Hispanic flag, not widely used. ... // The term Latino is a linguistic identity that refers to an individual that has significant ancestry from a nation-state where a Latin derived language is spoken or is the offical language of the government. ...


There were 2,882 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 4.8% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 45.1% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.03. “Spouse” redirects here. ...

New Hampshire Hall in c. 1920
New Hampshire Hall in c. 1920

The age distribution, heavily influenced by the presence of UNH, is: 12.0% under the age of 18, 56.5% from 18 to 24, 13.3% from 25 to 44, 12.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years, which is also typical for a college town. For every 100 females there are 82.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.9 males. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...


The median income for a household in the town was $51,697, and the median income for a family was $83,609. Males had a median income of $54,519 versus $31,548 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,210. 27.7% of the population and 2.8% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 5.5% are under the age of 18 and 1.1% are 65 or older. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ...


Sites of Interest

  • Durham Historic Association

See also

  • Durham-UNH (Amtrak station)

The railroad station in Durham, New Hampshire serves the Amtrak Downeaster and is situated west of downtown Durham on the campus of the University of New Hampshire (UNH). ...

Photo Gallery

References

  1. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; and Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. 

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
New Durham, New Hampshire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (518 words)
New Durham is a town located in Strafford County, New Hampshire, USA.
Granted in 1749 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth as Cochecho Township, New Durham was settled in 1750 almost entirely by colonists from Durham.
It would be incorporated as New Durham in 1762.
Durham, New Hampshire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (676 words)
Old mill and dam on the Oyster River, 1908, Durham, NH Durham is a town located in Strafford County, New Hampshire, USA.
Durham is home to the University of New Hampshire.
Originally founded in 1866, at Hanover, the New Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts moved to Durham in 1893, and became University of New Hampshire in 1923.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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