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Encyclopedia > Durga
Durga (Maa Durga)
Image of Durga, shown riding her tiger and attacking the demon Mahishasura
Image of Durga, shown riding her tiger and attacking the demon Mahishasura
God of Victory
Devanagari: दुर्गा
Bengali: দুর্গা
Affiliation: Devi
Abode: Kailash
Weapon: Trishula (trident), Chakram,
Scimitar, Snake,
Conch shell, Mace,
Bow, Talwar (longsword),
Lotus, Thunderbolt
Consort: Shiva
Mount: Dawon (tiger or lion)

In Hinduism, Durga (Sanskrit: "the inaccessible"[1]) is a form of Devi, the supreme goddess. Goddess Durga is said to be the mother of Ganesha, Kartikeya as well of Saraswati and Lakshmi.[2] Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... Dhruti is one of the 108 names of Durga. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 385 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1973 × 3069 pixel, file size: 680 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Durga Mahadevi ... A statue of Mahishasura in Chamundi Hills, Mysore In Hindu mythology, Mahishasura was an asura (demon). ... Look up Victory in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that Robert B. Wray be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Shri Vidya be merged into this article or section. ... Kailash may refer to: Mount Kailash Kailash (journal) This site tell about the Greatest of Gods Lord Shiva and also his gift to mankind, the Holy Rudraksha Bead This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A Trishula Trisula redirects here. ... Sikhs with chakrams, inscribed Nihang Abchal Nagar (Nihangs from Hazur Sahib), 1844 The chakram is a throwing weapon that was used by the ancient Indians; it is a flat metal ring with a sharp outer edge from 5 to 12 inches in diameter. ... Talwar, 17th Century, from India. ... For other uses, see Snake (disambiguation). ... A conch shell A Conch is a sea creature, a marine gastropod. ... A development of the club, a mace consists of a strong, heavy wooden, metal-reinforced, or metal shaft, with a head made of stone, copper, bronze, iron or steel. ... This image depicts a typical bow, as made by the Huns, lying against a tree. ... Talwar with sheath A talwar, talwaar, or tulwar (Devanagari: तलवार) is a type of sword prevalent in medieval India dating back to at least the 13th century. ... Look up lotus in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Vajrasattva holds the vajra in his right hand and a bell in his left hand. ... For other uses, see Siva (disambiguation). ... Durga riding on Dawon. ... For other uses, see Tiger (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Lion (disambiguation). ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... It has been suggested that Shri Vidya be merged into this article or section. ... For the 1934 film, see, see The Goddess (1934 film). ... For other uses, see Ganesha (disambiguation). ... In Hinduism, Kārttikeya (also Skanda, Subrahmanya, Kumara, Arumugan, Shanmugan, Murugan, Guha, Saravana, Swaminatha, Velan,Velavan, Senthil) is a god born out of a magical spark created by Shiva. ... For the Vedic river, see Saraswati River. ... Lakshmi or Mahalaxmi (Sanskrit: लक्ष्मी ) is the Hindu goddess of wealth, fortune, love and beauty, the lotus flower and fertility. ...


Durga is depicted as a warrior woman with 10 arms who rides a lion or a tiger, carries weapons and assumes mudras, or symbolic hand gestures. This form of the Goddess is the embodiment of feminine and creative energy (Shakti). For other uses, see Warrior (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Lion (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tiger (disambiguation). ... A mudrā (Sanskrit, मुद्रा, literally seal) is a symbolic gesture usually made with the hand or fingers. ... Lakshmi is a common aspect of Shakti Shakti meaning force, power or energy is the Hindu concept or personification of Gods female aspect, sometimes referred to as The Divine Mother. Shakti represents the active, dynamic principles of feminine power. ...

Contents

Durga in the Hindu tradition

The acknowledgment and reverence of the Female Principle, The Goddess, first appears in Hinduism in its most ancient authority, the most ancient of Indo-European texts, the Sanskrit Rig Ved itself. Whereas Indologist scholars have seen fit to suggest that the worship of the "Primal Mother" is an introduction into the religion from the Dravidian population, it cannot be ignored how tutelary The Goddess was to the Aryans themselves.


The "narration of energies" , known in Sanskrit as "sukt" appears in the Rig Ved as the (Rig Vedao'ktam - literally, "created of the Rig Ved") "Devi Suktam."


The personification of Nature, Shakti ("Energy"), or of Universal Consciousness was taken, rightly so, by the Vedic Indians to be utterly beyond human comprehension. Indeed, several Sanskritic verses often demonstrate an apologetic tone to the perceived gods, asking and stating the seeming impossibility of the task of "Divine Description".


The Vedic Goddess, known by various names, is commonly regarded as the collective strength of all that is. She is Aditi, the Solar Mother, Creatrix Superior, mother of the Sun and the creative potency of The Lord of the Universe Himself.


The Gayatri mantra, chanted with much fervour by practising Hindus, is dedicated to the Sun not as a star, but for His (the Sun's) energy, i.e. Shakti.


According to the narrative from the Devi Mahatmya of the Markandeya Purana, the form of Durga was created as a warrior goddess to fight a demon. The demon's father Rambha, king of the demons, once fell in love with a water buffalo, and Mahish Asur (the demon Mahish) was born out of this union. He is therefore able to change between human and buffalo form at will (mahish means "buffalo"). Through intense prayers to Brahma, Mahishasur had the boon that he could not be defeated by any man or god. He unleashed a reign of terror on earth, heaven and the nether worlds. THE PRIMEVAL ENERGY One of the unique features of Hinduism is the fact that it conceives Divinity also as Mother Goddess. ... Markandeya Purana, one of the major eighteen Puranas, a Hindu religious text, is in the style of a dialogue between the sage Jaimini, and the sage Markandeya. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Eventually, since only a woman could kill him, the Holy Male Trinity bestowed a dazzling beam of energy upon their own consorts, transforming them into one generic goddess, Durga.


The Great Goddess is said to be exquisitely beautiful. Her form is blindingly bright, with three lotus-like eyes, ten powerful hands, lush hair with beautiful curls, a red-golden glow from her skin and a quarter moon on her forehead. She wears a shiny oceanic blue attire emitting fierce rays. Her ornaments were carved beautifully of gold, with ocean pearls and precious stones embedded in it. Her face was sculpted by Shiva, torso by Indra, breasts by Chandra (the moon), teeth by Brahma, bottom by the Earth, thighs and knees by Varuna (water), and her three eyes by Agni (fire). Each god also gave her their own most powerful weapons, Rudra's trident, Vishnu's discus, Indra's thunderbolt, Brahma's kamandal, Kuber's gada, etc. Himalayas gifted her a fierce whitish golden lion. On the end of the 8th and beginning of the 9th day of waxing moon, Chanda and Munda came to fight the goddess. She turned blue with anger and goddess Chamunda leaped out of her third eye. Her form was the most powerful one with 3 red eyes, blood-filled tongue and dark skin; who finally killed the twin demons with her sword. This form of the divine goddess is worshipped during the sandhikshan of Durga Puja festival, as sandhi/chandi puja. Finally on the tenth day of waxing moon, goddess Durga killed Mahishasura with her trident. For other uses, see Indra (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Hindu moon deity. ... In Vedic religion, Varuna (Devanagari:वरुण, IAST:) is a god of the sky, of rain and of the celestial ocean, as well as a god of law and of the underworld. ... Chinese (Wu Xing) Japanese (Godai) Earth (地) | Water (水) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism (Tattva) and Buddhism (Mahābhūta) Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Bön New Zealand Agni is a Hindu and Vedic deity. ... In Hinduism, Chamunda or Camunda is an aspect of Devi, the supreme mother goddess. ... Durga Puja (Bengali: দুর্গাপূজা Durga Puja) is the biggest festival of Hindus in West Bengal, East Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, UP and Bengali Hindus all over the world. ... A statue of Mahishasura in Chamundi Hills, Mysore In Hindu mythology, Mahishasura was an asura (demon). ...


The word Shakti, meaning strength, reflects the warrior aspect of the goddess, embodying a traditional male role. She is also strikingly beautiful, and initially Mahishasura tries to marry her. Other incarnations include Annapurna and Karunamayi (karuna = kindness). Annapurna (Sanskrit, Nepali, Nepal Bhasa: अन्नपूर्ण) is a series of peaks in the Himalaya, a 55-km-long massif whose highest point, Annapurna I, stands at 8,091 m (26,538 ft), making it the 10th-highest summit in the world and one of the 14 eight-thousanders. It is located...


The Worship of Durga

A priest worshipping a contemporary image of Durga during Durga Puja

The 9 days Durga Puja is the biggest annual festival in Bengal, celebrated likewise with much fervour in the other extremity of India, Gujarat, and parts of Eastern India, but it is celebrated in various forms throughout the Hindu universe. Durga slaying Mahisasur - golden statue. ... Durga slaying Mahisasur - golden statue. ... Durga Puja (Bengali: দুর্গাপূজা Durga Puja) is the biggest festival of Hindus in West Bengal, East Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, UP and Bengali Hindus all over the world. ... Durga Puja (Bengali: দুর্গাপূজা Durga Puja) is the biggest festival of Hindus in West Bengal, East Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, UP and Bengali Hindus all over the world. ... Bengal (Bengali: বঙ্গ Bôngo, বাংলা Bangla, বঙ্গদেশ Bôngodesh or বাংলাদেশ Bangladesh), is a historical and geographical region in the northeast of South Asia. ...


The day of Durga's victory is celebrated as Vijaya Dashmi (East and South India), Dashain (Nepal) or Dussehra (North India) - these words literally mean "the Victorius Tenth" (day), vijaya means "of-victory". In Kashmir she is worshipped as shaarika (the main temple is in Hari Parbat in Srinagar). Dussehra (also transliterated as Dasara) or Vijaya Dasami is an important Hindu festival. ... For Srinagar in Uttarakhand, see Srinagar, Uttarakhand. ...


The actual period of the worship however may be on the preceding nine days followed by the last day called Vijayadashami in North India or five days in Bengal, (from the sixth to tenth day of the waxing-moon fortnight). Nine aspects of Durga known as Navadurga are meditated upon, one by one during the nine-day festival by devout shakti worshippers. Navadurga, which literally means nine Durgas, constitute, according to Hindu mythology, the manifestation of Durga in nine different forms. ... Lakshmi is a common aspect of Shakti Shakti meaning force, power or energy is the Hindu concept or personification of Gods female aspect, sometimes referred to as The Divine Mother. Shakti represents the active, dynamic principles of feminine power. ...


In North India, this tenth day, signifying Rama's victory in his battle against the demon Ravana, is celebrated as Dussehra - gigantic straw effigies of Ravana are burnt in designated open spaces (e.g. Delhi's Ram Lila grounds), watched by thousands of families and little children. Rama ( in IAST, in Devanāgarī) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... A depiction of Ravana, Hindu rakshasa King of Lanka In Hinduism, Ravana; sometimes transliterated as Raavana or Ravan or Revana) is the principal antagonist of Rama in the Hindu epic, the Ramayana. ... Dussehra (also transliterated as Dasara) or Vijaya Dasami is an important Hindu festival. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ...


In Gujarat it is celebrated as the last day of Navaratri, during which the Garba dance is performed to celebrate the vigorous victory of Mahishasura-mardini Durga. This article is for the Indian state. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The Goddess Durga worshipped in her peaceful form as MahaGauri, The Fair Lady, Shree Shantadurga also known as santeri , is the patron Goddess of Goa. She is worshipped by all Goan Hindus irrespective of caste and even by some Christians in Goa. Shantadurga also known as Shanteri/Santeri is the form of the Goddess Durga, commonly worshipped in Goa,India . ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ...


Goddess Durga is worshipped in many temples of Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka. Location of Dakshina Kannada district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ...


Another important text on Durga is the 21-verse long Mahishasura Mardini Stotram (Prayer to the Goddess who killed Mahishasura) written by Ramakrishna Kavi. [3] [4]


List of Durga temples in India

Durga sculpture, British Museum
  • Kanaka Durga Temple, Pandaripuram , Chilakaluripet, Andhra Pradesh
  • DurgaKund Temple in Varanasi , the biggest of all durga temples
  • Matrimandir in the city of Auroville near Pondicherry in Tamil Nadu.
  • Sri Durga Parameshwari Mata Mandir,Karla
  • Ambika Mata Temple in the village of Jagat near Mount Abu in Rajasthan, India.
  • Bhairabi Devalaya, in Tezpur, Assam
  • Sri Vijaya Durga Saunsthan, Keri, GOA
  • Sri Durga Parameshwari Temple, Kateel, Karnataka
  • Sri Durga Parameshwari Temple, Kamalashile, Karnataka
  • Sri Durga Temple, Kunjarugiri, Udupi, Karnataka
  • Sri Durga Parameshwari Temple, Talapady, Karnataka
  • Mahishamardhini Temple, Kadiyali, Udupi, Karnataka
  • Shree Durga Parameshwari Temple, Mundkur, Karnataka
  • Shree Durga Parameshwari Temple, Bayer, Kasargod dt. Kerela
  • Kalighat Temple, Kolkata.
  • Kamakhya Temple, Guwahati, Assam
  • Devi Dol, Sibsagar, Assam
  • Devi Dol, Gaurisagar, Assam
  • Kanaka Durga Temple, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh
  • Amba Bhavani Temple, Tuljapur, Maharashtra
  • Shanta Durga temple in Goa
  • Sri Patteeshwaram Durgai Temple. (Believed to be worshipped by Great Chola Dynasty before any war.) Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu
  • Sri Kathiraamangalam Temple (Goddess is Swayamboo and Many sages did their Japa's here, including Guru Dhronacharya.) Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu
  • Shri Vindhyavasini Temple, Vindhyachal
  • Shri Bramarambika Temple, Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh
  • Shri Maha Kaleshwari Temple, UJJAIN, Madhya Pradesh
  • Shri Jogulamba Temple,Alampur, Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh
  • Shri Gnana Prasunaambika Temple, Srikalahasti, Andhra
  • Shri Siddha Peeth Durga Devi Temple, Kasi/Varanasi, Uttar PRADESH
  • Shri Mahishashuramardhini Temple, Thiruthani, Tamil Nadu
  • Shri Maihar Devi, Maihar, Madhya Pradesh
  • Shri Annapurna Devi Temple, Kashi/Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
  • Shri Vaishno Devi, Katra, Jammu and Kashmir
  • Jamwa Mata temple at Jamwa Ramgarh district Jaipur Rajasthan
  • Shila Devi temple at Amber Jaipur Rajasthan
  • Sri Katyayani Peeth Temple at Vrindaban.
  • Sri Adya Katyayani Mandir,Chattarpur, New Delhi
  • Sri Kalka Ji Mandir,Kalkaji, New Delhi
  • Sri Sheetla Mata Mandir,Gurgaon
  • Thrikkavu Shri Durga Bhagavathy Temple,Ponnani,Kerala[1]
  • Amba Mata Temple, Mount Girnar, Junagadh, Gujarat [and here she is mounted on a lion]

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 308 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1230 × 2391 pixel, file size: 323 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 308 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1230 × 2391 pixel, file size: 323 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ... , VārāasÄ« ( , Hindi: , IPA: ), also known as Benares, Banaras, or Benaras ( , Hindi: , , IPA: ), or Kashi or Kasi ( , Hindi: , ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... The Matrimandir is a building holding a meditation chamber. ... Ambika Mata Temple is a Durga temple in cleft of rock in the village of Jagat near Mount Abu, about 50 km southeast of Udaipur in the state of Rajasthan in India. ... Jagat is a cold mountainous village in Nepal in the Himilayas, approximately 100 kilometres north-west of the Nepalese capital Kathmandu. ... Mount Abu is the highest peak in the Aravalli Range of Rajasthan state, in western India. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... The Bhairabi Temple is located on the outskirts Tezpur in Assam, India. ... , Tezpur is a city and a municipal board in Sonitpur in the Indian state of Assam. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati. ... Erie International Airport / Tom Ridge Field (IATA: ERI, ICAO: KERI) is a public airport serving northwestern Pennsylvania and is located five miles (8 km) southwest of the central business district (CBD) of Erie, a city in Erie County. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... Kateel is a Holy city in Hinduism. ... , Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... , Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... , For other uses, see Udupi (disambiguation). ... , Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... , Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... , For other uses, see Udupi (disambiguation). ... , Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... Mundkur is a temple village in Karkala Taluk, Udupi district Karnataka, India. ... , Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... Kerala (IPA: ; Malayalam: കേരളം — Keralam) is a state on the southwestern tropical Malabar Coast of India. ... Kalighat (Bengali: ) is a locality of Kolkata, India. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... Image:Kamakhya. ... , Guwahati (Assamese: গুৱাহাটী) is a major city in eastern India, often considered as the gateway to the North-East Region (NER) of the country and is the largest city within the region. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati. ... Sibsagar is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati. ... Kanaka Durga Temple is a famous temple in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Vijayawada ( ) (విజయవాడ) literally translates to The Place of Victory. It is also known as Bezawada. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Shree Shantadurga Shantadurga temple is a large temple complex 33 kms from Panajim at the foothill of Kavalem in Ponda Taluka, Goa, India. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... , Kumbakonam (Tamil: கும்பகோணம்) is a city and a municipality in the Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... , Kumbakonam (Tamil: கும்பகோணம்) is a city and a municipality in the Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर, Rajasthan Capital), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... Shila Devi is famous idol of Durga. ... For other uses, see Amber (disambiguation). ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर, Rajasthan Capital), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... , Ponnani is a coastal town and a municipality in Malappuram district in the Indian state of Kerala. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ...

See also

  • Durga Puja
  • Hindu Goddess
  • Kala, husband of Durga in Javanese mythology.
  • List of women warriors in folklore, literature, and popular culture

Durga Puja (Bengali: দুর্গাপূজা Durga Puja) is the biggest festival of Hindus in West Bengal, East Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, UP and Bengali Hindus all over the world. ... Goddesses are an integral part of Hinduism, and the worship of goddesses is a significant aspect of Hindu religion. ... Kala is an ancient measure of time. ... A list of women warriors in folklore, literature, and popular culture. ...

References

  1. ^ "Durga." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 25 Feb. 2007 <http://www.britannica.com/ebc/article-9363243/Durga">.
  2. ^ Offering Flowers, Feeding Skulls: Popular Goddess Worship in West Bengal By June McDaniel p.225
  3. ^ Mahishasura mardini stotram
  4. ^ Mahishasurmardini Translation

Further reading

  • Durga Puja: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow, Sudeshna Banerjee, Rupa and Co, Calcutta, 2004. (ISBN 81-291-0547-0)
  • Hindu Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Traditions, David Kinsley. (ISBN 81-208-0379-5)
  • Grace and Mercy in Her Wild Hair : Selected Poems to the Mother Goddess, Ramprasad Sen (1720-1781). (ISBN 0-934252-94-7)
  • Durga Puja Beginner, Swami Satyananda Saraswati, Devi Mandir, 2001. (ISBN 1-887472-89-4)
  • "Chandi Path", Swami Satyananda Saraswati, Devi Mandir (ISBN 1-877795-52-6)
  • "Chandi Path: Study of Chapter One", Swami Satyananda Saraswati, Devi Mandir (ISBN 1-877795-58-5)
  • "Chandi Path: Study of Chapter Two", Swami Satyananda Saraswati, Devi Mandir (ISBN 1-877795-60-7)
  • "Pronunciation and the Chandi Samputs", Swami Satyananda Saraswati, Devi Mandir (ISBN 1-877795-61-5)
  • "Devi Gita", Swami Satyananda Saraswati, Devi Mandir (ISBN 1-877795-56-9)

Ramprasad Sen (Bangla: রামপ্রসাদ সেন) (1720-1781) was a Bengali song-writer and singer of Hindu devotional songs, specially Shyamasangit (Songs devoted to the goddess Kali). ... Paramahamsa Satyananda Saraswati (born 1923), is an important yoga master and guru in both his native India and the West. ...

External links

Durga at the Open Directory Project The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Krista Knirck-Bumke: Victorious Durga (4230 words)
Although Durga came in the company of the Shiva cult to Java she has never been depicted as consort of Shiva nor was she used as an idol representing a deceased queen, as was often the case with Parvathi or Prajnaparamita.
Durga finally became the guardian of the cremation grounds and cemeteries, where she continues to dwell as a dreadful demoness in the realm of death.
Durga in her dreadful form in India is Kali, with a sacred cord made from skulls, wild hair and canine teeth, among other characteristics.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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