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Encyclopedia > Durango
Capital Durango
Area 123,181 km²
Ranked 4th
(2005 census)
Ranked 23rd
HDI (2004) 0.7910 - medium
Ranked 15th
Ismael Hernández Deras (PRI)
Federal Deputies PAN: 3
PRI: 1
Federal Senators PAN: 2
PRI: 1
ISO 3166-2
Postal Abbr.

Durango (IPA pronunciation /duʲraŋgo/) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. Its estimated population in 2003 was about 1,450,000 people. The city of Durango is the capital. The Sierra Madre Occidental is a mountain range located in the western portion of the state. This mountain range contains a plentiful supply of mineral deposits, including the silver that encouraged Spanish occupation of the territory after it was discovered. These mines extend north into Chihuahua and south into the state of Zacatecas. Image File history File links Escudo-Durango. ... Image File history File links Durango_in_Mexico. ... The city of Durango (formally: Victoria de Durango) is the capital of the state of Durango, Mexico, located at . ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their surface area. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their total population (per year 2000 census data from INEGI). ... The UN Human Development Index (HDI) measures poverty, literacy, education, life expectancy, and other factors. ... States of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their Human Development Index, as reported by the United Nations in 2004. ... The United Mexican States ( Mexico) is a federal republic comprising 31 states and one federal district (the Mexican Federal District, or Distrito Federal). ... Ismael Alfredo Hernández Deras (b. ... The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Mexicos bicameral legislature, the Congress of the Union. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) is a Mexican political party that wielded hegemonic power in the country—under a succession of names—for more than 70 years. ... The Senate (Spanish: Cámara de Senadores or Senado) is the upper house of Mexicos bicameral Congress. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... The United Mexican States or Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México) is a federal republic made up of 31 states (estados) and one Federal District, (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The city of Durango (formally: Victoria de Durango) is the capital of the state of Durango, Mexico, located at . ... The Sierra Madre Occidental is a mountain range in western Mexico and the extreme southwest of the United States, extending 1500 km from southeast Arizona (south and east of Tucson) southeast through eastern Sonora, western Chihuahua, Durango, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes to Guanajuato, where it joins with the Sierra Madre Oriental and... Chihuahua is a state in northwestern Mexico. ... Zacatecas is one of the 31 constituent states of Mexico. ...

Culturally, Durango is famous for a type of musical style known as duranguense. Duranguense (also known as el pasito duranguense) is a genre of Mexican music. ...

The major occupations in Durango are farming, lumbering and ranching. Vast desert basins in the Laguna District are irrigated by the Río Nazas. Major crops grown in the area include cotton, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco, corn, and other vegetables. A Ranch is an area of land, including buildings and structures, given primarily to the grazing of livestock on rangeland. ...

Francisco de Ibarra, the first to colonize Durango, settled this part of the vast northern province of Nueva Vizcaya in 1563, when he founded the capital city and named it Durango for his native town in Biscay, Spain; the foundation was just one in his larger program of initiating settlements through the province. This was a late colonization for the Spanish, mostly due to heavy resistance to Spanish occupation by the indigenous population living there, from first contact to modern times, in attempts to gain some autonomy, address grievances, or maintain traditional land ownership. Spanish colonists became highly attracted to the Durango area for its mining and grazing capabilities. In 1823, shortly after the Mexican revolutionary victory over Spain, Durango earned the right to be a separate state. Events February 1 - Sarsa Dengel succeeds his father Menas as Emperor of Ethiopia February 18 - The Duke of Guise is assassinated while besieging Orléans March - Peace of Amboise. ... Location of Durango in Biscay. ... Vizcaya province Vizcaya (Basque Bizkaia) is a province of northern Spain, in the northwestern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Durango is divided into 39 municipalities (municipios). See municipalities of Durango. A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... The Mexican state of Durango is divided into 40 municipalities (municipios): Categories: Lists of municipalities of Mexico | Mexican states ...

References in Popular Culture

  • Punk rock band The Ramones often opened their live act with a song called "Durango 95".

Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman on May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author, musician and poet who has been a major figure in popular music for five decades. ... Jacques Levy was a songwriter and theatre director, born July 29, 1935; died September 30, 2004. ... Desire is an album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released in 1976. ... Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928–March 7, 1999) was an American film director and producer, generally considered one of the most innovative and influential filmmakers of his generation. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... The Ramones (L-R, Johnny, Tommy, Joey, Dee Dee) on the cover of their debut self-titled album (1976), cementing their place at the dawn of the punk movement. ...

External links

  • (Spanish) Durango State Government
  • (Spanish) Towns, cities, and postal codes in Durango
  • John P. Schmal, "The history of indigenous Durango" detailing the series of revolts
  • (Spanish) Music history and Durango small harp
  • (Spanish) Night Life at Durango
States of Mexico Flag of Mexico
Aguascalientes • Baja California • Baja California Sur • Campeche • Chiapas • Chihuahua • Coahuila • Colima • Durango • Guanajuato • Guerrero • Hidalgo • Jalisco • México • Michoacán • Morelos • Nayarit • Nuevo León • Oaxaca • Puebla • Querétaro • Quintana Roo • San Luis Potosí • Sinaloa • Sonora • Tabasco • Tamaulipas • Tlaxcala • Veracruz • Yucatán • Zacatecas
Federal District: Mexican Federal District

  Results from FactBites:
Lodging in Southwest Colorado :: Durango Colorado River Rafting (297 words)
Durango is southwest Colorado's largest town, with a population of approximately 15,000, (45,000 in La Plata County).
Durango is near the Four Corners junction with New Mexico, Arizona and Utah, and is perched at 6,512 feet, nestled between red sandstone bluffs in the vast Animas River Valley.
Durango is located in Southwest Colorado and boasts 300 days of sunshine a year.
Basketmaker II development in the Durango area appears to coincide with a cycle of increased and then decreased effective moisture (rainfall) beginning in AD 100 and ending between A. I appears that during this period the Durango area was a good place to be a farmer.
In the Durango area, the late Basketmaker III to Pueblo I transition appears to represent the height of the Anasazi or Formative Period occupation.
From the 1910's to the 1930s the economy of the Durango area was focused primarily on agriculture, ranching, and logging with the beginnings of a tourist economy as travelers began to discover the area as a vacation destination.
  More results at FactBites »



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