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Encyclopedia > Duopoly

A true duopoly is a specific type of oligopoly where only two producers exist in one market. In reality, this definition is generally used where only two firms have dominant control over a market. In the field of industrial organization, it is the most commonly studied form of oligopoly due to its simplicity. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up Market in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up Market in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Industrial organization is the field of economics that studies the behavior of firms, the structure of markets and of their interactions. ...

Contents

Duopoly Models in Economics

There are two principal duopoly models, Cournot duopoly and Bertrand duopoly: Cournot competition is an economics model used to describe industry structure. ... Bertrand competition is a model of competition used in economics, named after Joseph Louis François Bertrand (1822-1900). ...

  • The Cournot model, shows that two firms assume each other's output and treat this as a fixed amount, and produce in their own firm according to this.
  • The Bertrand model, in which, in a game of two firms, each one of them will assume that the other will not change prices in response to its price cuts. When both firms use this logic, they will reach a Nash Equilibrium.

Antoine Augustin Cournot (28 August 1801‑ 31 March 1877) was a French philosopher and mathematician. ... Joseph Louis François Bertrand (March 11, 1822 - April 5, 1900, born and died in Paris) was a French mathematician who worked in the fields of number theory, differential geometry, probability theory, and thermodynamics. ... In game theory, the Nash equilibrium (named after John Forbes Nash, who proposed it) is a kind of solution concept of a game involving two or more players, where no player has anything to gain by changing only his or her own strategy unilaterally. ...

Politics

Modern American politics has been described as a duopoly since the Republican and Democratic parties have dominated and framed policy debate as well as the public discourse on matters of national concern for about a century and a half. Third Parties have encountered various obstacles to getting onto ballots at different levels of government, more so in recent decades. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      Politics of the United States takes place in a framework of a presidential... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Look up policy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In a two-party system a third party is a party other than the two dominant ones. ...


See List of political parties in the United States for a more comprehensive look at the politics of the Two-party system, Duverger's law. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      This list of political parties in the United States contains past and present... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A two-party system is a form of party system where two major political parties dominate the voting in nearly all elections. ... Duvergers Law is a principle which asserts that a first-past-the-post election system or in other words, a Single-member, Simple-plurality system, naturally leads to a two-party system. ...


Examples in business

The most commonly cited duopoly is that between Visa and Mastercard, who between them control a large proportion of the electronic payment processing market. In 2000 they were the defendants in a US Department of Justice antitrust lawsuit[1][2]. An appeal was upheld in 2004[3]. Visa or VISA has several meanings: Look up visa in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Visa (document) — a document required to enter a specific country. ... MasterCard Worldwide (NYSE: MA) is a membership organization owned by the 25,000+ financial institutions that issue its card. ... The Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in Washington, D.C. “Justice Department” redirects here. ... John Sherman The Sherman Antitrust Act (Sherman Act[1], July 2, 1890, ch. ...


Examples where two companies control a large proportion of a market are:

Moodys Corporation (NYSE: MCO) is the holding company for Moodys Investors Service which performs financial research and analysis on commercial and government entities. ... The Standard and Poors Corporation (S&P), a subsidiary of McGraw-Hill, is a company that performs financial research and analysis on stocks and debt instruments. ... Rating is a means of classifying things in different categories. ... Pepsi Cola is a non-alcoholic carbonated beverage produced and manufactured by PepsiCo. ... The wave shape (known as the dynamic ribbon device) present on all Coca-Cola cans throughout the world derives from the contour of the original Coca-Cola bottles. ... A soft drink is a drink that contains no alcohol. ... Gilette is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes département of France. ... Schick, a brand of Energizer Holdings, is a well known manufactuer of safety razors. ... Occams Razor or Hanlons razor A razor is a an edge tool (primarily, used in shaving). ... This article is about the airliner manufacturer. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... Jet aircraft are aircrafts with jet engines. ... Sothebys (NYSE: BID) is the worlds second oldest international auction house in continuous operation. ... The Christies auction house in South Kensington, London Christies American branch in Rockefeller Center, New York Christies is a fine art auction house, the largest and by some accounts the oldest in the world. ... This article is about the gemstone. ... This article is about the comic book company. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... Sirius Satellite Radio NASDAQ: SIRI is one of two satellite radio (SDARS) services operating in the United States and Canada, along with XM Satellite Radio. ... “XM” redirects here. ... // A satellite radio or subscription radio (SR) is a digital radio signal that is broadcast by a communications satellite, which covers a much wider geographical range than terrestrial radio signals. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. ... A microprocessor is a programmable digital electronic component that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit (CPU) on a single semiconducting integrated circuit (IC). ... Motorola Surfboard cable modem A cable modem is a type of modem that provides access to a data signal sent over the cable television infrastructure. ... A DSL Modem DSL or xDSL, is a family of technologies that provide digital data transmission over the wires of a local telephone network. ... A WildBlue Satellite Internet dish. ... The Home Depot (NYSE: HD), headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, is a big-box home improvement retailer that aims for both the do-it-yourself consumer and the professional in home improvement and construction. ... for a similarly named firm, see Loews Theatres Lowes (NYSE: LOW) is an American chain of home improvement and major appliance retail stores. ... Drawing of a self-service store. ... This article is about the television series. ... Vodafone logo Vodafone Egypt, part of the Vodafone Group, is a mobile phone company in Egypt, formerly known as Click GSM. Vodafone Launched its 3G Services in Egypt after hours from Beginning the Transmisson of Etisalat Egypt Vodafone, formerly known as Click GSM, has undergone a major rebranding exercise. ... Mobinil logo Mobinil is Egypts first mobile phone operator. ... Telecom New Zealand NZX: TEL ASX: TEL NYSE: NZT is a Wellington-based telephone company run as a publicly-traded private company since 1990. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Eastman Kodak Company (NYSE: EK) is a large multinational public company producing photographic equipment. ... Fujifilm Holdings Corporation, or Fujifilm, is a Japanese company known for its photographic film and cameras. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... Film stock is the term for photographic film on which films are recorded. ... Kesko is a Finnish retailing conglomerate. ... S-Group is Finlands second largest supermarket chain, after the market leader K-Kauppa. ... Foodstuffs is a New Zealand co-operative grocery distributer and franchiser for its three supermarket brands - New World, Pakn Save and 4 Square. ... Progressive Enterprises Limited is a New Zealand company, and a subsidiary of the Australian retail group Woolworths Limited. ... NVIDIA Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced ) is an American corporation specializing in the manufacture of GPU technologies for video cards, graphics cards, workstations, desktop computers, handhelds and more. ... ATI may stand for: ATI Technologies Inc. ... A graphics/video/display card/board/adapter is a computer component designed to convert the logical representation of visual information into a signal that can be used as input for a display medium. ... Nexis redirects here. ... The examples and perspective in this article do not represent a worldwide view. ... Wexis is a humorous term used to refer to the two academic publishing conglomerates which dominate the legal information services industry, namely Westlaw and LexisNexis. ... PetroChina Company Limited HKSE: 0857 is the listed arm of China National Petroleum Corporation, Chinas biggest producer of oil. ... Sinopec, the China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation (Chinese: 中国石化, HKEX: 386; NYSE: SNP; LSE: SNP), is one of the major petroleum companies in China. ... Telstra Corporation (ASX: TLS, NZX: TLS, NYSE: TLS) (formed from Telecom Australia) is an Australian telecommunications and media company under private ownership, with a dominant position in landline telephone services, a large share of mobile phone services, domestic consumer (including dial-up access and Broadband internet broadband cable modem, satellite... SingTel Optus Pty Limited is the second largest telecommunications company in Australia, and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Singapore Telecommunications (ASX: SGT). ... DISH Network is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service that provides satellite television and audio programming to households and businesses in the United States, owned by parent company EchoStar Communications Corporation. ... A standard DirecTV satellite dish with 1 LNB on a roof DirecTV (trademarked as DIRECTV) is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service based in El Segundo, California, USA, that transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in the United States, the Caribbean and Latin America except for Mexico. ... Televisa is the largest media company in the Spanish-speaking world[1], followed by TV Azteca, and a major player in the international entertainment business. ... TV Azteca is the second largest Mexican television network. ...

Broadcasting

Duopoly is also used in the broadcast television and radio industry, referring to a single company owning two outlets in the same city. This usage is technically incompatible with the definition of the word, inasmuch as there are generally more than two owners of broadcast television stations markets with duopolies. In the United States, this has been frowned upon when using public airwaves, as it gives too much influence to one company. In Canada, this definition is more commonly called a "twinstick". A twinstick, in Canadian broadcasting, is an informal term for two television stations, broadcasting in the same market, which are owned by the same company. ...


Duopolies were not allowed in the United States until 2001. The Federal Communications Commission allows common ownership of two stations in a single market with two conditions: Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... The FCCs official seal. ...

  • There must be at least eight unique station owners left in the market once a duopoly is formed. In effect, duopolies are not allowed in any market with fewer than nine full-power stations (counting noncommercial stations).
  • Two of the four highest-rated stations in a market cannot be owned by the same person.

There are at least two cases where a company has been accused of having duopolies where they aren't legally permitted by using shell corporations to control a second station in a market. A shell corporation is defined in Barrons Finance & Investment Handbook as a company that is incorporated but has no significant assets or operations. ...

  • Sinclair Broadcast Group controls the operations of all six stations owned by Cunningham Broadcasting through local marketing agreements. However, nearly all of Cunningham's stock is held by trusts in the name of Sinclair's founders and owners, the Smith family. In three markets, Cunningham owns the fourth-highest rated station while Sinclair owns one of the three highest-rated stations. In the three other markets, there are too few stations or unique owners to legally permit a duopoly.
  • Malara Broadcasting owns two stations--WPTA-TV in Fort Wayne, Indiana and KDLH-TV in Duluth, Minnesota. Both stations' operations are controlled by Granite Broadcasting, which owns WISE-TV in Fort Wayne and KBJR-TV in Duluth. Malara files its Securities and Exchange Commission reports jointly with Granite, leading to allegations that Malara is simply a shell for Granite. Neither Fort Wayne nor Duluth have enough stations to legally permit a duopoly.

See also concentration of media ownership. The Sinclair Broadcast Group (SBG) NASDAQ: SBGI is the operator of the largest number of local television stations in the United States with a total of 59 stations across the country in 38 primarily small and medium markets, many of which are located in the South and the Midwest. ... Cunningham Broadcasting Corporation is an owner of television stations in the United States. ... PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS PENIS... Malara Broadcast Group of Sarasota, Florida, a Delaware corporation, also known as Malara Broadcasting, is a broadcasting holding company. ... WPTA-TV is a television station in Fort Wayne, Indiana that broadbasts on NTSC channel 21 and DTV channel 24. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Indiana, USA Coordinates: , Country State County Allen Founded October 22, 1794 Incorporated February 22, 1840 Government  - Mayor Graham Richard (D)  - City Clerk Sandra Kennedy (D)  - City Council John N. Crawford (R) Samuel J. Talarico, Jr (R) John Shoaff (D) Tom Smith (R) Donald J... KDLH-TV, channel 3, is a CBS affiliate serving Superior, Wisconsin and Duluth, Minnesota. ... Duluth is the county seat of St. ... Granite Broadcasting Corporation is a broadcaster that own and operate eight stations across the United States. ... WISE-TV is the NBC-affiliated television station for Fort Wayne, Indiana. ... KBJR-TV, channel 6, is the NBC affiliate for Duluth, Minnesota (licensed to adjacent Superior, Wisconsin). ... The Securities and Exchange Commission, commonly referred to as the SEC, is the United States governing body which has primary responsibility for overseeing the regulation of the securities industry. ... Concentration of media ownership (also known as media consolidation) is a commonly used term among media critics, policy makers, and others to characterize ownership structure of mass media industries. ...


Examples in American television

A special case is Salt Lake City. The NBC affiliate KSL-TV is owned by Bonneville International, and a PBS station, KBYU-TV, is owned by BYU. Bonneville is owned by the Deseret Management Corporation, a for-profit arm of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; BYU is directly owned by the LDS Church. While Deseret and BYU are separate entities, the fact that both are owned by the LDS Church makes them a duopoly in a sense. Cleveland redirects here. ... WOIO channel 19 is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Shaker Heights, Ohio and serving the Cleveland-Akron, Ohio television market. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... WUAB, identified on-air as My 43, WUAB, is the My Network TV affiliate in Cleveland, Ohio. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... Raycom Media is a broadcasting company based in Montgomery, Alabama. ... : Gem City : Birthplace of Aviation United States Ohio Montgomery 56. ... WKEF is a broadcast television station in Dayton, Ohio, affiliated with the ABC network. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... The Sinclair Broadcast Group (SBG) NASDAQ: SBGI is the operator of the largest number of local television stations in the United States with a total of 59 stations across the country in 38 primarily small and medium markets, many of which are located in the South and the Midwest. ... WRGT-TV is a broadcast television station in Dayton, Ohio affiliated with the Fox network. ... This article is about the animal. ... Cunningham Broadcasting Corporation is an owner of television stations in the United States. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State County Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... WIVB-TV is the CBS television affiliate in Buffalo, New York. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... WNLO-TV (CW 23 WNLO) is the CW affiliate for the Buffalo, New York television market, with transmitter facilities located at 870 Whitehaven Road on Grand Island. ... The Crimson White, known colloquially as The CW, is the student-run newspaper of the University of Alabama. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... WUTV is a broadcast television station in Buffalo, New York, affiliated with the Fox network. ... This article is about the animal. ... WNYO-TV is a broadcast television station in Buffalo, New York, United States, affiliated with The WB network. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... The Sinclair Broadcast Group (SBG) NASDAQ: SBGI is the operator of the largest number of local television stations in the United States with a total of 59 stations across the country in 38 primarily small and medium markets, many of which are located in the South and the Midwest. ... “Jacksonville” redirects here. ... WJXX is the ABC affiliate serving the Jacksonville, Florida area. ... Look up ABC in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... WTLV (NBC12) is the NBC affiliate in Jacksonville, Florida. ... This article is about the television network. ... Gannett Company, Inc. ... WTEV-TV is the CBS affiliate for Jacksonville, Florida and its surrounding areas, which stretch from St. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... WAWS is the Fox affiliate station in Jacksonville, Florida owned by Clear Channel Communications. ... This article is about the animal. ... Not to be confused with clear channel radio stations, which are AM radio stations with certain technical parameters. ... Nickname: Location in Hartford County, Connecticut Coordinates: , Country State NECTA Hartford Region Capitol Region Named 1637 Incorporated (city) 1784 Consolidated 1896 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Eddie Perez Area  - City  18. ... WTNH, NewsChannel8 is New Haven, Connecticut, USAs ABC affiliate owned by LIN Television Corporation. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... WCTX is the UPN affiliate for the state of Connecticut and Springfield, MA. It is licensed to New Haven and broadcasts its analog signal on UHF channel 59, and its digital signal on UHF channel 39. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... WTIC-TV is the Fox affiliate for Hartford-New Haven, Connecticut and Springfield, Massachusetts. ... This article is about the animal. ... WTXX, channel 20, is a CW affiliate licensed to Waterbury, Connecticut. ... The Crimson White, known colloquially as The CW, is the student-run newspaper of the University of Alabama. ... Raleigh-Durham is not a single city, but rather two separate ones in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... WRAL-TV is a broadcast television station based in Raleigh, North Carolina. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... WRAZ, FOX50, is a broadcast television station based in Raleigh, North Carolina. ... This article is about the animal. ... Capitol Broadcasting Company is a TV and radio broadcast company based in Raleigh, NC. // Broadcast Stations Capitol Broadcasting Company owns and operatets the following stations: TV WRAL-TV WRAZ-TV/FOX 50 WJZY-TV WWWB-TV WILM-LP Radio WRAL-FM 101. ... WLFL, channel 22, is The CW affiliate for the Raleigh-Durham-Fayetteville, North Carolina television market. ... The Crimson White, known colloquially as The CW, is the student-run newspaper of the University of Alabama. ... WRDC, channel 28, is currently an affiliate station of MyNetworkTV in the Raleigh-Durham-Fayetteville, North Carolina (commonly known as The Triangle) television market. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... The Sinclair Broadcast Group (SBG) NASDAQ: SBGI is the operator of the largest number of local television stations in the United States with a total of 59 stations across the country in 38 primarily small and medium markets, many of which are located in the South and the Midwest. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... WTTG, FOX5 DC is an owned and operated TV station of the Fox Broadcasting Company. ... This article is about the animal. ... WDCA channel 20 (digital channel 35) is the Washington, D.C. areas MyNetworkTV owned and operated station with transmitter facilities located in Bethesda, Maryland. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... The Fox Television Stations (FTS) are a group of television stations located throughout the United States which are owned-and-operated by the Fox Broadcasting Company. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... WNOL WB 38is the WB affiliate in the greater New Orleans market. ... The Crimson White, known colloquially as The CW, is the student-run newspaper of the University of Alabama. ... WGNO, ABC26 is the ABC affiliate for the greater New Orleans, Louisiana area, as well parts of southern and coastal Mississippi. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... Tribune Broadcasting is a group of radio and television stations located throughout the United States which are owned and operated by the Tribune Company, a media conglomerate based in Chicago, Illinois. ... Motto: Crescas (Latin for, Thou shalt grow. ... WAVY-TV is the NBC affiliate serving the Norfolk-Portsmouth-Newport News, Virginia television market (DMA). ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... WVBT-TV is the Fox Network affiliate serving the Norfolk-Portsmouth-Newport News, VA television market (Designated Market Area). ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox (the company itself prefers the capitalized version FOX), is a television network in the United States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... WWOR-TV, channel 9, is a MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station licensed to Secaucus, New Jersey, and serving the New York City metropolitan area. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... WNYW, channel 5, is the flagship television station of the News Corporation-owned Fox Broadcasting Company, located in New York City. ... This article is about the animal. ... The Fox Television Stations (FTS) are a group of television stations located throughout the United States which are owned-and-operated by the Fox Broadcasting Company. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... WBZ-TV is the CBS owned-and-operated television station serving the Boston, Massachusetts television market. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... WSBK-TV, channel 38, is an independent television station licensed to Boston, Massachusetts, owned by the CBS Corporation. ... An independent station is a television station that is not affiliated with any network. ... CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS, NYSE: CBSA) is an American media conglomerate focused on broadcasting, publishing, billboards, and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. ... “Boston” redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... WHDH-TV 7 NBC is the NBC affiliate in Boston, Massachusetts. ... This article is about the television network. ... WLVI-TV, channel 56, is a CW Television Network affiliate licensed to Cambridge, Massachusetts, and serving the Boston, Massachusetts television market. ... The Crimson White, known colloquially as The CW, is the student-run newspaper of the University of Alabama. ... Sunbeam Television Corporation is a broadcasting company based in Miami, Florida, owned by Edmund N. (Ed) Ansin. ... A map of the Twin Cities metropolitan area. ... KSTP-TV Channel 5 (50 digital) is the ABC affiliate for the Twin Cities. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... KSTC channel 45 (44 digital) is a UHF television station serving the Twin Cities region Minnesota and western Wisconsin. ... An independent station is a television station that is not affiliated with any network. ... Hubbard Broadcasting Corporation is a broadcasting company based in St. ... KMSP-TV, channel 9, is an owned-and-operated television station of the News Corporation-owned Fox Broadcasting Company, located in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... This article is about the animal. ... WFTC, channel 29, is a MyNetworkTV-affiliated station licensed to Minneapolis, Minnesota, and serving the Minneapolis-St. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... The Fox Television Stations (FTS) are a group of television stations located throughout the United States which are owned-and-operated by the Fox Broadcasting Company. ... This article refers to the state capital of Colorado. ... KUSA-TV is the NBC affiliated television station in Denver, Colorado; broadcasting on VHF channel 9 (187. ... This article is about the television network. ... KTVD, channel 20, is a MyNetworkTV affiliated television station based in Denver, Colorado, and owned by the Gannett Company. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... Gannett Company, Inc. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... KCBS-TV, or CBS 2 Los Angeles, is the CBS-affiliated television station serving the Los Angeles area. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... kcal is an abbreviation for kilocalorie, which is equivalent to 1 Calorie, or about 4. ... An independent station is a television station that is not affiliated with any network. ... CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS, NYSE: CBSA) is an American media conglomerate focused on broadcasting, publishing, billboards, and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. ... KNBC (Channel 4) is the West Coast flagship station of the NBC television network, serving the Greater Los Angeles Area. ... This article is about the television network. ... This redirect page is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... An independent station is a television station that is not affiliated with any network. ... KVEA, Telemundo 52 is an NBC-owned and operated television station in the Los Angeles area, and is the West Coast flagship station of the Telemundo network. ... TEL is a three-letter acronym Tetra-ethyl lead, a gasoline additive to make leaded gasoline Tokyo Electron, a semiconductor equipment manufacturer Transporter erector launcher Technology Enhanced Learning Category: ... NBC Universal is a media and entertainment conglomerate formed in May 2004 by the combination of General Electrics NBC with Vivendi Universal Entertainment, part of Vivendi Universal. ... KTTV, channel 11, is an owned-and-operated television station of the News Corporation-owned Fox Broadcasting Company, located in Los Angeles, California. ... This article is about the animal. ... This redirect page is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The Fox Television Stations (FTS) are a group of television stations located throughout the United States which are owned-and-operated by the Fox Broadcasting Company. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... WFLD is an owned-and-operated television station of the News Corporation-owned Fox Broadcasting Company, based in Chicago, Illinois. ... This article is about the animal. ... WPWR-TV is a broadcast-television station licensed to Gary, Indiana, serving the Chicago, Illinois, viewing area. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... The Fox Television Stations (FTS) are a group of television stations located throughout the United States which are owned-and-operated by the Fox Broadcasting Company. ... Location in Pulaski County, Arkansas Coordinates: , Country State County Pulaski Founded 1821 Incorporated 1831 Government  - Mayor Mark Stodola Area  - City  116. ... KLRT-TV (Fox 16) is a Fox television affiliate serving central Arkansas. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox (the company itself prefers the capitalized version FOX), is a television network in the United States. ... KASN, UPN38 is a UPN affiliate serving Little Rock and central Arkansas. ... The Crimson White, known colloquially as The CW, is the student-run newspaper of the University of Alabama. ... Not to be confused with clear channel radio stations, which are AM radio stations with certain technical parameters. ... Duluth is the county seat of St. ... KBJR-TV, channel 6, is the NBC affiliate for Duluth, Minnesota (licensed to adjacent Superior, Wisconsin). ... This article is about the television network. ... Granite Broadcasting Corporation is a broadcaster that own and operate eight stations across the United States. ... KDLH-TV, channel 3, is a CBS affiliate serving Superior, Wisconsin and Duluth, Minnesota. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... Malara Broadcast Group of Sarasota, Florida, a Delaware corporation, also known as Malara Broadcasting, is a broadcasting holding company. ... “Sacramento” redirects here. ... KOVR (CBS13) is the CBS owned-and-operated television station (O&O) in Sacramento, California. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... KMAX-TV (Channel 31) is the CBS Corporations CW affiliate serving the Sacramento-Stockton-Modesto, California broadcast area. ... The Crimson White, known colloquially as The CW, is the student-run newspaper of the University of Alabama. ... CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS, NYSE: CBSA) is an American media conglomerate focused on broadcasting, publishing, billboards, and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is Salt Lake Citys top tourist draw. ... KSL-TV (Channel 5) is an NBC affiliate in Salt Lake City, Utah that broadcasts locally in analog on VHF channel 5 and in digital on UHF channel 38. ... Bonneville International Corporation, managed by Deseret Management Corporation, is a broadcasting company wholly owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS Church). ... KBYU is one of two PBS member stations serving the Salt Lake City, Utah television market. ... ... The Deseret Management Corporation is a for-profit management company of assets for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. ... For other uses, see Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (disambiguation). ...


Where there are 2 different owners listed, 1 station owner controls another station, called a local marketing agreement. Owner "A" doesn't own station "B", they just operate it for owner "B".


The NBC Universal duopoly in Los Angeles is a special case. Apparently, KWHY & KVEA both count as ½ of a station, going back to an old rule trying to make UHF stations start up, with VHF station counting as 2 UHF stations. Apparently, it allows a "trioply" in Los Angeles. This redirect page is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... KVEA, Telemundo 52 is an NBC-owned and operated television station in the Los Angeles area, and is the West Coast flagship station of the Telemundo network. ... Ultra high frequency (UHF) designates a range (band) of electromagnetic waves whose frequency is between 300 MHz and 3. ... Very high frequency (VHF) is the radio frequency range from 30 MHz to 300 MHz. ... Ultra high frequency (UHF) designates a range (band) of electromagnetic waves whose frequency is between 300 MHz and 3. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
AmosWEB is Economics: Encyclonomic WEB*pedia (483 words)
While duopoly, in its purest form of EXACTLY two firms in the industry, is seldom found in the real world, it does provide an excellent, easy to use illustration of oligopoly.
Duopoly is an ideal model for analyzing oligopoly behavior.
The duopoly model is commonly used to analyze collusion, which results when two firms join together to control the market like a monopoly.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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