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Encyclopedia > Dunhuang
Location of Dunhuang
Location of Dunhuang

Coordinates: 40°06′N, 94°39′E Dunhuang (Chinese: 敦煌, also written as 燉煌 till early Qing Dynasty; Pinyin: Dūnhuáng) is a city in Jiuquan, Gansu province, China. It is sited at an oasis. It has a population of 100,000. Image File history File links Dunhuang_location. ... Image File history File links Dunhuang_location. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... The Qing Dynasty (Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching chao; Manchu: daicing gurun; Mongolian: Манж Чин), occasionally known as the Manchu Dynasty, was the ruling Chinese Dynasties. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Jiuquan (酒泉) is a prefecture-level city in the westernmost part of the Gansu province in China. ... Gansu (Simplified Chinese: 甘肃; Traditional Chinese: 甘肅; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kan-su, Kansu, or Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... Oasis in the Libyan part of the Sahara For other uses, see Oasis (disambiguation). ...


Dunhuang was made a prefecture in 117 BC by Emperor Han Wudi, and was a major point of interchange between China and the outside world during the Han and Tang dynasties. Located near the historic junction of the northern and southern Silk Roads, it was a town of military importance. Its name is mentioned as the homeland of the Yuezhi in the Shiji, but this mention has also been identified with an unrelated toponym, Dunhong. Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC - 110s BC - 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC Years: 122 BC 121 BC 120 BC 119 BC 118 BC - 117 BC - 116 BC 115 BC... Emperor Wu of Han (156 BC*–March 29, 87 BC), personal name Liu Che, was the sixth emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty, ruling from 141 BC to 87 BC. A military compaigner, Han China reached its greatest expansion under his reign, spanning from Kyrgyzstan in the west, Northern... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 AD - 24 AD  - Abdication to Cao... China under the Tang Dynasty (yellow) and its sphere of influence Capital Changan (618–904) Luoyang (904-907) Language(s) Middle Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 618-626 Emperor Gaozu  - 684, 705-710 Emperor Zhongzong  - 684, 710-712 Emperor Ruizong  - 904-907 Emperor Ai History  - Li... The Silk Road Silk Route redirects here. ... Languages Unknown, although the epigraphy ranges from Greek language to Bactrian, and often considered to have spoken a Tocharian language. ... The Records of the Grand Historian or the Records of the Grand Historian of China was the magnum opus of Sima Qian, in which he recounted Chinese history from the time of the mythical Yellow Emperor until his own time. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Yuezhi#Origins. ...


For centuries Buddhist monks at Dunhuang collected scriptures from the west, and many pilgrims passed through the area, painting murals inside the Mogao Caves or "Caves of a Thousand Buddhas." A small number of Christian artifacts have also been found in the caves (see Jesus Sutras), testimony to the wide variety of people who made their way along the silk road. Today, the site is an important tourist attraction and the subject of an ongoing archaeological project. A large number of manuscripts and artefacts retrieved at Dunhuang have been digitized and made publicly available via the International Dunhuang Project. A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... The Mogao Caves, or Mogao Grottoes (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) form a system of 492 temples near Dunhuang, in Gansu province, China. ... The Jesus Sutras, or the Lost Sutras of Jesus are early Chinese language manuscripts of Christian teachings brought to China during the 7th century by Alopen, a Persian bishop of the Assyrian Church of the East (often incorrectly referred to as Nestorian). ...

Sand dunes on the edge of Dunhuang
Public art in Dunhuang
Public art in Dunhuang
The Mingsha Shan dune overlooking Dunhuang
The Mingsha Shan dune overlooking Dunhuang

Rocked by waves of invasion, Dunhuang has previously been independent, as well as being ruled by both China and Tibet. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 184 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sand dunes on the edge of Dunhuang ((c) Ian A. Inman (Beefy_SAFC) ) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 184 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sand dunes on the edge of Dunhuang ((c) Ian A. Inman (Beefy_SAFC) ) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1360x1020, 355 KB) Summary 郭煌城标雕塑碑记 婆娑舞伎,反弹琵琶,原绘莫高窟一一二窟(唐代)。公元一九八二年九月,孙纪元先生据此以白色混凝土镂竣雕塑,通高六点六米,立为城标。城标象征祥和,真善纯美,寓意高洁,优雅清新,民众称颂。一九九八年六月,又以花岗岩为质料重塑,通高十三点五米,更臻和谐,典雅雍容,光耀名郡,伴我黎民,巍峨永存。 敦煌市人民政府 ç«‹ 公元一九九八年六月 Dunhuang, Gansu, China This image was taken by User:Yaohua2000 at 2006-04-24 08:34:13 UTC. Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1360x1020, 355 KB) Summary 郭煌城标雕塑碑记 婆娑舞伎,反弹琵琶,原绘莫高窟一一二窟(唐代)。公元一九八二年九月,孙纪元先生据此以白色混凝土镂竣雕塑,通高六点六米,立为城标。城标象征祥和,真善纯美,寓意高洁,优雅清新,民众称颂。一九九八年六月,又以花岗岩为质料重塑,通高十三点五米,更臻和谐,典雅雍容,光耀名郡,伴我黎民,巍峨永存。 敦煌市人民政府 ç«‹ 公元一九九八年六月 Dunhuang, Gansu, China This image was taken by User:Yaohua2000 at 2006-04-24 08:34:13 UTC. Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 420 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1141 × 1629 pixel, file size: 378 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 420 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1141 × 1629 pixel, file size: 378 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Tibet (older spelling Thibet; Tibetan: བོད་; Wylie: Bod; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Simplified and Traditional Chinese: 西藏, Hanyu Pinyin: XÄ«zàng; also referred to as 藏区 (Simplified Chinese), 藏區 (Traditional Chinese), ZàngqÅ« (Hanyu Pinyin), see Name section below) is a plateau region in Central Asia and the indigenous home to the Tibetan people. ...


Dunhuang's city centre is relatively highly developed, including much commercial activity and many hotels. Bookshops and other souvenir shops sell materials relating to the Caves and the history of the region. A night market is held in the city centre, popular with tourists. Many souvenir items are sold, including such typical items as jade, jewelry, scrolls, hangings, small sculptures, and the like. A sizable number of members of China's ethnic minorities engage in business at these markets. A Central Asian dessert or sweet is also sold, consisting of a large, sweet confection made with nuts and dried fruit, sliced into the portion desired by the customer. The Mogao Caves, or Mogao Grottoes (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) form a system of 492 temples near Dunhuang, in Gansu province, China. ... Chichicastenango, Guatemala traditional market Market stall in internally displaced persons camp in Kitgum, northern Uganda Mercado dos Lavradores, Funchal (Madeira Islands) A market is a mechanism which allows people to trade, normally governed by the theory of supply and demand. ... The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multi-ethnic unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 ethnic groups or Mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 ethnicities being the national minorities. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... The term confectionery refers to food items rich in sugar. ... Hazelnuts from the Common Hazel Chestnut A nut can be either a seed or a fruit. ... Dried fruit is fruit that has been dried, either naturally or through use of a machine, such as a dehydrator. ...


Other neighboring attractions include:

These attractions are essentially part of the same area. The Crescent Lake is within the Sand-Mountain. This lake is apparently an oasis surrounded by the highly sandy area composed of high dunes. The Mingsha Shan is so named for the sound of the wind whipping off the dunes. The area is very popular with tourists. A street lined with souvenir stalls leads up to the entrance to the complex. Most tourists ride camels, organized by the complex operators, to reach the sand dunes. Typically the camels are guided by a local camel guide, who include both women and men. At the dunes, a popular activity for tourists is to ride sleds down the sand slopes, much like snow-sledding during winter in temperate zones. Along the side of the Crescent Lake is a pagoda in traditional Han Chinese architecture. , Crescent Lake (Chinese: 月牙泉; Pinyin: Yuèyá Quán) is a lake in the oasis near the city Dunhuang of Gansu province, China. ... Scene from winter nearly anywhere snow may fall on a handy hill—Children at play sledding. ... Animation of snowcover changing with the seasons Trees covered with snow Snow covering a leaf. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A pagoda at Sibu, Sarawak, Malaysia This article is about the building style. ... Languages Chinese languages Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... The Liuhe Pagoda of Hangzhou, China, built in 1165 AD. Chinese architecture refers to a style of architecture that has taken shape in Asia over the centuries. ...


A crater on Mars was named after the city. Also, a Chinese instrument factory in Shanghai is named after it. It sells guzhengs, pipas, and many other traditional Chinese instruments. Adjectives: Martian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 0. ... Shanghai (Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; Wu (Long-short): ZÃ¥nhae; Shanghainese (IPA): ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in East China, is the largest city of the Peoples Republic of China and the ninth largest in the world. ... The guzheng, or gu zheng (Chinese: ; pinyin: gÇ”zhÄ“ng) or zheng (箏) (gu- means ancient) is a traditional Chinese musical instrument. ... A woman plays the pipa in the New York City Subways Times Square Station, 2004. ...


References

  • Baumer, Christoph. 2000. Southern Silk Road: In the Footsteps of Sir Aurel Stein and Sven Hedin. White Orchid Books. Bangkok.
  • Beal, Samuel. 1884. Si-Yu-Ki: Buddhist Records of the Western World, by Hiuen Tsiang. 2 vols. Trans. by Samuel Beal. London. Reprint: Delhi. Oriental Books Reprint Corporation. 1969.
  • Beal, Samuel. 1911. The Life of Hiuen-Tsiang by the Shaman Hwui Li, with an Introduction containing an account of the Works of I-Tsing. Trans. by Samuel Beal. London. 1911. Reprint: Munshiram Manoharlal, New Delhi. 1973.
  • Hill, John E. 2003. "Annotated Translation of the Chapter on the Western Regions according to the Hou Hanshu." 2nd Draft Edition.[1]
  • Hill, John E. 2004. The Peoples of the West from the Weilue 魏略 by Yu Huan 魚豢: A Third Century Chinese Account Composed between 239 and 265 CE. Draft annotated English translation. [2]
  • Hulsewé, A. F. P. and Loewe, M. A. N. 1979. China in Central Asia: The Early Stage 125 BC – AD 23: an annotated translation of chapters 61 and 96 of the History of the Former Han Dynasty. E. J. Brill, Leiden.
  • Legge, James. Trans. and ed. 1886. A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms: being an account by the Chinese monk Fâ-hsien of his travels in India and Ceylon (A.D. 399-414) in search of the Buddhist Books of Discipline. Reprint: Dover Publications, New York. 1965.
  • Stein, Aurel M. 1907. Ancient Khotan: Detailed report of archaeological explorations in Chinese Turkestan, 2 vols. Clarendon Press. Oxford. [3]
  • Stein, Aurel M. 1921. Serindia: Detailed report of explorations in Central Asia and westernmost China, 5 vols. London & Oxford. Clarendon Press. Reprint: Delhi. Motilal Banarsidass. 1980. [4]
  • Watson, Burton (1993). Records of the Grand Historian of China. Han Dynasty II. (Revised Edition). New York, Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-08167-7
  • Watters, Thomas (1904-1905). On Yuan Chwang's Travels in India. London. Royal Asiatic Society. Reprint: 1973.

Stein in Central Asia, (February 1929) Sir Marc Aurel Stein, Stein Márk Aurél in Hungarian (26 November 1862 – 26 October 1943), born in Budapest, was a Hungarian Jewish archaeologist who became a British citizen. ... Stein in Central Asia, (February 1929) Sir Marc Aurel Stein, Stein Márk Aurél in Hungarian (26 November 1862 – 26 October 1943), born in Budapest, was a Hungarian Jewish archaeologist who became a British citizen. ...

External links

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Dunhuang


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Prefecture-level divisions of Gansu
Prefecture-level cities: Baiyin | Dingxi | Jiayuguan | Jinchang | Jiuquan | Lanzhou
Longnan | Pingliang | Qingyang | Tianshui | Wuwei | Zhangye
Autonomous prefectures: Gannan | Linxia
List of Gansu County-level divisions

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dunhuang - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (603 words)
Dunhuang (Chinese: 敦煌, pinyin: Dūnhuáng; 40°6′ N 94°39′ E) is a city in Gansu province, China.
It is located near the historic junction of the northern and southern Silk Roads, and was therefore a town of military importance.
Dunhuang was made a prefecture in 117 BC by Emperor Han Wudi, and was a major point of interchange between China and the outside world during the Han and Tang dynasties.
Dunhuang Caves In China (1588 words)
Dunhuang is an oasis town in Chinese Central Asia west of Xian, a former capital of China.
Dunhuang was the town where the two branches of the silk road rejoined for the final leg into China's capital.
Dunhuang was last considered a place of importance when it was under the control of the Western Xia kingdom (990-1227) and the Mongol Yuan dynasty (1271-1368).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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