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Encyclopedia > Dunbar Castle
View from the park looking north-west. North Berwick Law and the Bass Rock are visible.
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View from the park looking north-west. North Berwick Law and the Bass Rock are visible.

The John Muir Country Park is an area of woodland, grassland and coastline near Dunbar in East Lothian, Scotland. It is named after John Muir, a famous naturalist and geologist who was born in Dunbar and later emigrated to the USA where he developed his ideas. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 183 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 183 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... North Berwick North Berwick is a small Scottish seaside town in East Lothian, on the south shore of the Firth of Forth, about 25 miles east of Edinburgh. ... North Berwick Law is a conical hill which rises incongruously from the surrounding landscape (indeed, this is the definition of the Scots word law). It overlooks East Lothian town of North Berwick and stands at 613 ft (187 m) above sea level. ... Bass Rock (56° 4′ 31″ N, 2° 38′ 21″ W) is an island in the outer part of the Firth of Forth in the east of Scotland, approx. ... View towards Belhaven Bay (John Muir Country Park) with North Berwick Law and the Bass Rock in the distance. ... East Lothian (Lodainn an Ear in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council areas in Scotland, and a Lieutenancy Area. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... John Muir (April 21, 1838 – December 24, 1914) was a Scottish-American polymath: environmentalist, naturalist, explorer, writer, inventor, engineer, machinist and geologist. ...


The park was designated in 1976 and covers 7.73 square kilometres, stretching from Belhaven (just outside Dunbar) to Tynninghame. The park is home to a diverse collection of animal life, including several species of butterfly and moth and over 400 species of plants. The park is also a bird watchers paradise, with (depending on the season) kittiwake, eider duck, shelduck, skylark, meadow pipit, ringed plover, gannet, terns, sand martins, crossbill, wigeon, bar-tailed godwit and whooper swan to be seen.


Dunbar Castle

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Ruins of Dunbar Castle next to the harbour

The ruins of Dunbar Castle are also within the park. Dunbar Castle was once one of the most important strategic buildings in Scotland and was the subject of many battles as Picts, Angles and others battled for control of the castle and surrounding area. Long after the advent of peace between England & Scotland, the castle was in the news again in 1844 when the first known instance of dynamite being set off with an electric charge was used to blow a hole in the castle walls to facilitiate the building of the new Victoria Harbour. The remains of the red-sandstone castle have been off-limits to vistors since it began to disintegrate in 1993.


External links

  • John Muir's Legacy, The Scotsman
  • John Muir Country Park from East Lothian Council
  • Dunbar Castle on Undiscovered Scotland

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dunbar Castle Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland (373 words)
Dunbar Castle was unsuccessfully attacked by the English in 1214, but Edward I had better luck in 1296.
Dunbar Castle's most famous moment came in 1338 when Agnes Randolph of Dunbar, or "Black Agnes", commanded the successful defence of the castle during a five month siege by the English.
A new entrance for Dunbar's harbours was blasted through the end of the rock on which the castle ruins stood: indeed, the process of firing explosives by electricity was invented especially for the job.
Dunbar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (423 words)
Dunbar is a burgh in East Lothian on the southeast coast of Scotland, approximately 30 miles east of Edinburgh.
Dunbar and land in the Merse (hence March) granted to the exiled earl Gospatrick of Northumbria by Malcolm Canmore (to whom he may have been full cousin) during 1072.
Dunbar is also noted as the birthplace of the explorer, naturalist and conservationist John Muir.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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