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Encyclopedia > Dunbar
Dunbar
Dùn Barra (Gaelic)
OS grid reference: NT675785
Population: 6,354 (2001 census)
Council area: East Lothian
Constituent country: Scotland
Sovereign state: United Kingdom
Police force: Lothian and Borders Police
Lieutenancy area: East Lothian
Former county: East Lothian
Post town: EDINBURGH
Postal: EH42
Telephone: 01368
Scottish Parliament: East Lothian
UK Parliament: East Lothian
European Parliament: Scotland
Scotland
The Volunteer Arms public house

Dunbar (Gaelic: Dùn Barra) is a town and former royal burgh in East Lothian on the southeast coast of Scotland, approximately 30 miles east of Edinburgh. // Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... Image File history File links Scodunbarmap. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as Council Areas of Scotland which are all governed by unitary authorities designated as Councils which have the option under the Local Government (Gaelic Names) (Scotland) Act 1997(as chosen by Na h-Eileanan an Iar) of being known... East Lothian (Lodainn an Ear in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council areas in Scotland, and a lieutenancy Area. ... Constituent countries is a phrase sometimes used, usually by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the former Yugoslavia (example here) and European institutions such as the Council of Europe... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity(English) Wha daur meddle wi me? (Scots)[1] Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots[2] Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Lothian and Borders Police are the police force for the Lothian and Borders regions of Scotland, including Edinburgh, Galashiels and Livingston. ... The Lieutenancy areas of Scotland are the areas used for the ceremonial lords-lieutenant, the monarchs representatives, in Scotland. ... East Lothian (Lodainn an Ear in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council areas in Scotland, and a lieutenancy Area. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... East Lothian (Lodainn an Ear in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council areas in Scotland, and a lieutenancy Area. ... This is a list of post towns in the United Kingdom, sorted by the postal area (the first part of the outward code of a postcode). ... This is a list of the post towns of the United Kingdom – it appears in postcode sequence. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... The Scottish Parliament (Holyrood) has 73 constituencies, each electing one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the first past the post system of election, and eight additional member regions, each electing seven additional member MSPs. ... East Lothian is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament. ... Scotland is divided into 59 constituencies of the United Kingdom Parliament - 19 Burgh constituencies and 40 County constituencies. ... East Lothian is a constituency of the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... Scotland constitutes a single constituency of the European Parliament. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Dunbar can refer to: Places Dunbar, a town in East Lothian, Scotland Dunbar Castle (redirects to John Muir Country Park) Dunbar, Nebraska Dunbar, Pennsylvania Dunbar, Wisconsin Dunbar, West Virginia People Paul Laurence Dunbar, American poet Bonnie J. Dunbar, American astronaut Sly Dunbar, Jamaican musician Adrian Dunbar, Irish actor Aynsley Dunbar... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1310x944, 734 KB) The Volunteer Arms, Dunbar. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1310x944, 734 KB) The Volunteer Arms, Dunbar. ... Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... A Royal Burgh is a type of Scottish burgh (town or city), used today for ceremonial purposes only. ... East Lothian (Lodainn an Ear in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council areas in Scotland, and a lieutenancy Area. ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity(English) Wha daur meddle wi me? (Scots)[1] Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots[2] Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... Edinburgh (pronounced ; Scottish Gaelic: ) is the capital of Scotland and its second-largest city. ...


Archaeological excavations in Castle Park show Dunbar to have had a settled community a few centuries BC. Believed to be synonymous with the Dynbaer of Eddius around 680AD, it was a king's vill and prison to Bishop Wilfrid. At that time it was part of the kingdom of Northumbria. Eddius (Æddi) was a Kentish choirmaster recruited by bishop Wilfrid (c. ... The idea and function of a villa has evolved considerably since its invention towards the end of the Roman Republic. ... Wilfrid (c. ... Section from Shepherds map of the British Isles about 802 AD showing the kingdom of Northumbria Northumbria is primarily the name of a petty kingdom of Angles which was formed in Great Britain at the beginning of the 7th century, from two smaller kingdoms of Bernicia and Diera, and...


Burnt by Cináed mac Ailpín in the 9th century it passed to Scotland along with Lothian in the next century. Dunbar and land in the Merse (hence March) granted to the exiled earl Cospatrick of Northumbria by Máel Coluim III (to whom he may have been full cousin) during 1072. Gospatrick founded the family of Dunbar, earls of Dunbar and March until the 15th century. Cináed mac Ailpín (after 800–13 February 858) (Anglicised Kenneth MacAlpin) was king of the Picts and, according to national myth, first king of Scots. ... It has been suggested that Gospatric of Northumberland be merged into this article or section. ... Máel Coluim mac Donnchada (anglicised Malcolm III) (1030x1038–13 November 1093) was King of Scots. ... Events William I of England invades Scotland, and also receives the submission of Hereward the Wake. ...


The town became successively a baronial burgh and royal burgh (1370) and grew slowly under the shadow of the great castle of the earls. Scotland and England contended often for possession of the castle and town. The former was 'impregnable' and withstood many sieges; the latter was burnt, frequently. The castle had been slighted (deliberately ruined) in 1568 but the town flourished as an agricultural centre and fishing port despite tempestuous times in the 17th and early 18th centuries. Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... A slighting is the deliberate destruction of a fortification without opposition from its builders or its last users, respectively. ...

Victoria Harbour and Castle ruins
Victoria Harbour and Castle ruins

Major battles were fought nearby in 1296 and 1650. The second Battle of Dunbar (1650) was fought during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms between a Scottish Covenanter army and English Parliamentarians led by Oliver Cromwell. The Scots were routed, leading to the overthrow of the monarchy and the occupation of Scotland. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 678 KB) Dunbar Harbour and Castle ruins. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 678 KB) Dunbar Harbour and Castle ruins. ... Year 1650 (MDCL) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Cromwell at Dunbar, Andrew Carrick Gow The Battle of Dunbar (3 September 1650) was a battle of the Third English Civil War. ... The Wars of the Three Kingdoms were an intertwined series of conflicts that took place in Scotland, Ireland, and England between 1639 and 1651 at a time when these countries had come under the Personal Rule of the same monarch. ... James VI of Scotland (James I of England) was opposed by the Covenanters in his attempt to bring the Anglican Church into Scotland The Covenanters formed an important movement in the religion and politics of Scotland in the 17th century. ... Oliver Cromwell (April 25, 1599–September 3, 1658) was an English military and political leader best known for making England a republic and leading the Commonwealth of England. ...


Dunbar gained a reputation as a seaside holiday and golfing resort in the 19th century, the 'bright and breezy burgh' famous for its 'bracing air'. Due to its geographical location, Dunbar receives less rain and more hours of direct sunshine per year than anywhere else in Scotland (according to the Met Office). The town has begun to be referred to by locals as 'Sunny Dunny', after a local radio host popularised the term. Agriculture remains important, but fishing has declined. Its main manufactures are cement at Oxwell Mains (the only integrated cement plant in Scotland) and the Scottish Ales of Belhaven Brewery. Another large local employer is Torness Nuclear Power Station. A large portion of the workforce now commute to Edinburgh or further afield. The new building on the edge of Exeter The Met Office (originally an abbreviation for Meteorological Office, but now the official name in itself), which has its headquarters at Exeter in Devon, is the United Kingdoms national weather service. ... In the most general sense of the word, cement is a binder, a substance which sets and hardens independently, and can bind other materials together. ... Belhaven Beer is a brewery in Scotland, and until 2005, was the largest and oldest surviving independent brewery in the country. ... Image:Torness. ...


A national census in 2001 reported the population of the town to be 6,354. In the 1950s, Dunbar was identified as an appropriate area for increased housing development, and as a result many new houses have been built on the southern periphery of the town, increasing the population substantially. Due to its proximity to Edinburgh, and the rising cost of property in the city, many families are relocating to Dunbar and other East Lothian towns.


Dunbar is noted as the birthplace of the explorer, naturalist and conservationist John Muir. The house in which Muir was born is located on the High Street, and has been converted into a museum. There is also a commemorative statue beside the town clock, and John Muir Country Park is located to the northwest of the town. The eastern section of the John Muir Way coastal path starts from the harbour. John Muir (1838-1914) John Muir appears on the California quarter John Muir (April 21, 1838 – December 24, 1914) was one of the earliest modern preservationists. ... View from the park looking north-west. ... The John Muir Way is a continuous coastal path project currently in development by the local authority, East Lothian Council, Scotland, UK. It is named in honour of the American 19th century conservationist, John Muir, who was born at Dunbar, East Lothian in 1838. ...


In recent times there has only been one notable celebrity to have been born in Dunbar. This is Michael Greco, former star of soap opera Eastenders as the character Beppe di Marco. Michael Greco (born to Italian parents in 1970 in Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland) is a British actor and poker player, now living in England. ... EastEnders is a popular BBC television soap opera, first broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC1 on 19 February 1985[3] and continuing to date. ... Beppe di Marco was a fictional caracter in the BBC soap opera EastEnders. ...

View towards Belhaven Bay (John Muir Country Park) with North Berwick Law and Bass Rock in the distance.
View towards Belhaven Bay (John Muir Country Park) with North Berwick Law and Bass Rock in the distance.

Each year on the last full weekend in September, Dunbar holds a traditional music festival sponsored by various local companies. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 183 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 183 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... North Berwick Law is a conical hill which rises incongruously from the surrounding landscape (indeed, this is the definition of the Scots word law). It overlooks East Lothian town of North Berwick and stands at 613 ft (187 m) above sea level. ... Bass Rock from North Berwick. ...


Twin towns

Dunbar is also a small town in Pennsylvania. For the 1997 film, see Twin Town Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Lignières may refer to: in Switzerland: Lignières, Neuchâtel in France: Lignières, Aube Lignières, Cher Lignières, Loir-et-Cher Lignières, Somme Category: ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Martinez Court House, California Martinez is the county seat of Contra Costa County, California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ...


External links


East Lothian Towns & Villages
Aberlady | Athelstaneford | Auldhame & Scoughall | Bolton | Cockenzie and Port Seton | Dirleton | Drem | Dunbar | East Linton | East Saltoun and West Saltoun | Gifford | Gullane | Haddington | Humbie | Kingston | Longniddry | Macmerry | Musselburgh | North Berwick | Oldhamstocks | Ormiston | Pencaitland | Prestonpans | Tranent | Whitekirk | Wallyford

Coordinates: 55.99834° N 2.52265° W East Lothian (Lodainn an Ear in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council areas in Scotland, and a lieutenancy Area. ... Aberlady Church Aberlady is a village in the Scottish council area of East Lothian. ... The Scottish Saltire Athelstaneford is a village in East Lothian, Scotland. ... Auldhame and Scoughall are hamlets in East Lothian, Scotland. ... The Doocot, Bolton Bolton is a small village in East Lothian, Scotland, approximately 2 miles south of Haddington and 20 miles east of Edinburgh. ... Cockenzie and Port Seton is a town in East Lothian, Scotland, situated on the coast of the Firth of Forth four miles north east of Musselburgh. ... Dirleton is a village in East Lothian, Scotland approximately 20 miles east of Edinburgh on the A198. ... Drem is a small village between Haddington and Gullane It has a Railway station where the Edinburgh to North Berwick line branches off the East Coast Mainline Drem Cottages During WW2 the former West Fenton Aerodrome (Later Gullane Aerodrome) became RAF Drem and the Drem Lighting System was developed to... East Linton East Linton is a village in East Lothian, Scotland, situated on the River Tyne and A1 road five miles east of Haddington. ... West Saltoun East Saltoun and West Saltoun are villages in East Lothian, Scotland. ... Gifford is a village in East Lothian, Scotland. ... Gullane is a small village on the East coast of Scotland, on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth. ... Haddington. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Kingston Kingston is a small hamlet near North Berwick in East Lothian, Scotland. ... Longniddry is a village in East Lothian, Scotland, United Kingdom. ... Macmerry is a large village located on the old A1 (now renumbered to the A199) just east of Tranent. ... Showing the Brunton Hall, from the west of the town Musselburgh is a town in East Lothian, Scotland, on the coast of the Firth of Forth, six miles east of Edinburgh city centre. ... North Berwick is a small Scottish seaside town in East Lothian, on the south shore of the Firth of Forth, about 25 miles east of Edinburgh. ... Oldhamstocks or Aldhamstocks (old dwelling place) is a small village in Scotland at grid reference NT742705, with a current population of about 50. ... The Parish of Ormiston is bounded by Humbie to the South, Pencaitland on the East, Tranent on the North and Cranston on the West. ... Pencaitland (Cymric pen-caeth-llan, `head of the narrow enclosure) is a village in East Lothian, Scotland, about 16 miles south-east of Edinburgh, and 6 miles south-west of Haddington. ... Prestonpans is a small town found to the East of Edinburgh, Scotland, in the unitary council area of East Lothian . ... Tranent is a small town in East Lothian in South East Scotland. ... Whitekirk is a village in East Lothian, Scotland. ... Wallyford is a town in East Lothian, Scotland. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Dunbar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (514 words)
The Royal Burgh of Dunbar is a burgh in East Lothian on the southeast coast of Scotland, approximately 30 miles east of Edinburgh.
The Battle of Dunbar (1650) was fought during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms between a Scottish Covenanter army and English Parliamentarians led by Oliver Cromwell.
Dunbar is noted as the birthplace of the explorer, naturalist and conservationist John Muir.
William Dunbar - definition of William Dunbar in Encyclopedia (1037 words)
Dunbar had meanwhile (about 1500) returned to Scotland, and had become a priest at court, and a royal pensioner.
Dunbar's chief allegorical poems are The Goldyn Targe and The Thrissil and the Rois.
For the Scottish Literary Renaissance in the mid-20th century, William Dunbar was a touchstone.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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