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Encyclopedia > Dumbarton

Dumbarton District 1975-96
Image:Scot1975Dumbarton.png

Dumbarton (Dùn Breatainn in Scottish Gaelic) is a burgh in Scotland, lying on the north bank of the River Clyde where the River Leven flows into the Clyde estuary. Dumbarton Castle, sitting on top of Dumbarton Rock, dominates the area. As of 2001 the town had a population of roughly 20,550. Dumbarton District File links The following pages link to this file: Dumbarton Categories: GFDL images ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... A sign in Linlithgow, Scotland. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen of the UK Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification... The River Clyde, looking eastwards upstream, as it passes beneath the Kingston Bridge in Central Glasgow. ... The River Leven is a stretch of water in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland, flowing from Loch Lomond in the North to the River Clyde in the South. ... Dumbarton Castle has the longest recorded history of any stronghold in Great Britain. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...

Contents

History

View across the tidal River Clyde, with the distant Ben Lomond visible to the right of Dumbarton Rock.
View across the tidal River Clyde, with the distant Ben Lomond visible to the right of Dumbarton Rock.

Dumbarton functioned as the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Strathclyde, and later as the county town of the county of Dunbartonshire (formerly known as "Dumbartonshire"). The name comes from the Scottish Gaelic meaning "Fort of the Brythons (Britons)". The Britons themselves knew it as "Alclud" (Ail Chluaidh), the "Rock on the Clyde". Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2106x1277, 258 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): River Clyde Dumbarton ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2106x1277, 258 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): River Clyde Dumbarton ... The River Clyde, looking eastwards upstream, as it passes beneath the Kingston Bridge in Central Glasgow. ... Ben Lomond, 974 m (3196 feet), is a mountain in the Scottish Highlands. ... The Dark Ages (or Dark Age) is a metaphor with multiple meanings and connotations. ... Strathclyde (Welsh: Ystrad Clud) was one of the kingdoms of ancient Scotland in the post-Roman period. ... The traditional counties of Scotland are historic and cutural divisions of Scotland. ... Dunbartonshire is one of the Traditional counties of Scotland, in that part of the country formerly called Lennox (which was a title of nobility). ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... Brython and Brythonic are terms which refer to indigenous, pre-Roman, Celtic speaking inhabitants of most of the island of Great Britain, and their cultures and languages, the Brythonic languages. ...

Dumbarton Rock from the west.

Dumbarton Castle sits on Dumbarton Rock, at the mouth of the River Leven, where it flows into the Clyde estuary. The Castle has an illustrious history and many well-known figures from Scottish and British history have visited it. These include Mary Queen of Scots, William Wallace, Queen Victoria and Queen Elizabeth II. From the top of the Castle one can behold a beautiful view of both the Clyde, and of Leven Grove Park. The Park itself was a gift to the town by the Dennys who owned the shipbuilding company (now a waste ground soon to be turned into housing) which was about 100 yards away from the Castle. Image File history File linksMetadata Dumbarton_Rock,_from_Levengrove_Park. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Dumbarton_Rock,_from_Levengrove_Park. ... Mary I of Scotland; known as Mary, Queen of Scots Mary I of Scotland (Mary Stuart or Stewart) (December 8, 1542 – February 8, 1587), better known as Mary, Queen of Scots, was the ruler of Scotland from December 14, 1542 – July 24, 1567. ... William Wallace Sir William Wallace (c. ... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and the first Empress of India from 1 January 1877, until her death in 1901. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of 16 sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ...


During World War II Dumbarton was heavily bombed by the German air force. The Germans were targeting the shipyards, and the area in the vicinity of the yards was consequently hit, with Clyde and Leven street being severely damaged. In an attempt to lure the German aircraft away from the shipyards, decoy lights were placed on the Kilpatrick hills above the town, lights were set out on reservoirs to mimic the lights of the shipyards reflecting on the waters of the Leven and Clyde, this was sometimes successful in fooling the bombers and many bombs fell harmlessly onto the moors and lochs. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Shipbuilding

The rock and castle from the town.
The rock and castle from the town.

In the 1800's the town became a centre for shipbuilding and remaind so well into the 20th century. There were many shipbuilding yards, although a number of them were later absorbed by larger yards. A great many ships were built in the town, the most famous of which is probably the Cutty Sark which was built by the Scott & Linton yard, she was one of the final 'tea clippers' to be built, and one of the fastest. The ship is the last survivor of its type and can be seen today at dry dock in Greenwich. The last major Dumbarton shipyard, William Denny and Brothers, closed in 1963, and the remaining smaller yards followed over the next few decades. The old Denny's shipyard tender The Second Snark is still in use on the Firth of Clyde as a passenger ferry and cruise boat. Denny's was an innovative company that had a reputation for research and development, high pressure turbines and hull stabilisation were two areas where they were highly respected. They even built an early design of helicopter in 1909 and in their final years they were involved in hovercraft development in the form of the Denny D2 Hoverbus, a film clip of this vehicle on its maiden trip to Oban exists in the Scottish Film Archive. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 689 KB) Summary Dumbarton Rock from Dumbarton town. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 689 KB) Summary Dumbarton Rock from Dumbarton town. ... Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Tam o Shanter (Burns poem). ... The Los Angeles Clippers are a National Basketball Association team based in Los Angeles, California. ... Greenwich (pronounced grenn-itch , or by the locals) is a town, now part of the south eastern urban sprawl of London, on the south bank of the River Thames in the London Borough of Greenwich. ... William Denny and Brothers Limited, often referred to simply as Denny, were a British shipbuilding company based in Dumbarton, Scotland, on the River Clyde. ... The Second Snark serves on the ferry service from Gourock pierhead. ... Map of the Firth of Clyde and area The Firth of Clyde forms a large area of coastal water, sheltered from the Atlantic ocean by the Kintyre peninsula which encloses the outer firth in Argyll and Ayrshire, Scotland. ...


The last surviving part of the Denny's shipbuilding company is the Denny Ship Model Experiment Tank which forms part of the Scottish Maritime Museum. This was the first commercial ship model testing tank built in the world and it retains many original features today: a water tank as long as a football pitch, clay moulding beds for casting wax model ship hulls and the original Victorian machinery used for shaping models. The Scottish Maritime Museum is mainly based at Irvine in Scotland, with a harbourside Boatshop, ships and boats on display in the adjacent area and floating vessels moored at pontoons in the harbour, and the enormous Linthouse Engine Shop housing much of the Museums collection. ...


During the Second World War Blackburn aircraft were to produce Sunderland flying boats from a factory adjacent to Denny's shipyard.


Whisky

As the ship industry declined, whisky production grew to become the dominant industry in the town. In 1938 Hiram Walker's built a large whisky distillery on the river Leven (on the site of some of the old shipyards), the town became known as a major centre of the whisky industry in the mid to late 20th century. Hiram Walker was acquired by Allied brewers in 1988 to form Allied Distillers, itself becoming part of Allied Domeq before eventually being taken over in 2005 by the French based alcohol giant Pernod Ricard. The large Dumbarton distillery had been mothballed since 2002 and not long after the Pernod-Ricard takeover the giant red buildings of the Dumbarton 'Ballantine's' distillery which had dominated the town for over sixty years were earmarked for demolition and redevelopment. However the large bonded warehouse complex to the East of the town and the bottling complex to the North West were retained. Other Whisky related site closures such as the Inverleven distillery which closed in 1991 and the J&B Scotch Whisky bottling plant and bond in the north of the town have contributed to the decline in Dumbarton's importance to the drink industry. However part of the J&B bond has found a new life as a film set for televison productions such as 'River City' and 'Still Game',. Whisky (or whiskey) is the name for a broad category of alcoholic beverages distilled from grains, that are subsequently aged in oak casks. ... Whisky (or whiskey) is the name for a broad category of alcoholic beverages distilled from grains, that are subsequently aged in oak casks. ... Pernod Ricard is a French company producing alcoholic beverages. ... Ballantines is a a range of blended scotch whiskies distilled by George Ballantine & Son Ltd in Dumbarton, Scotland. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fiction River City (television series) is a soap opera produced by BBC Scotland River City is a fictional city set in Iowa in The Music Man. ... Still Game is a spin-off sitcom from the Scottish sketch show series Chewin the Fat, telling the tales of two old Glaswegian men named Jack and Victor and their local community. ...


Ballantine's Whisky have also become well known for the rather unusual 'security' guards used on their bonded warehouse complex at Dumbarton, these are a large flock of white Chinese geese that was first introduced in 1959, starting with just six individuals, this has risen to close to 100 birds today. They have the nickname 'The Scotch Watch' and have been widely used in promotional material for the Ballantine's blended whiskys Ballantines is a a range of blended scotch whiskies distilled by George Ballantine & Son Ltd in Dumbarton, Scotland. ... A blended whiskey (or whisky) comes from one of many distilleries, but is drawn from whiskeys of differing vintages and/or manufacturers. ...


With the decline of the whisky industry, Dumbarton is becoming more a commuter town for those who work in nearby Glasgow and other locations. The Faslane naval base is also a major employer for the area. For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... Faslane Naval Base, officially HMS Neptune, is a Royal Navy base situated on Gare Loch, which connects to the River Clyde in Scotland. ...


Local government

The town centre.
The town centre.

From 1975 Dumbarton lent its name to a local government district in the Strathclyde region of Scotland. In 1996 the administrative functions of this district transferred to the West Dunbartonshire and Argyll and Bute unitary councils (See Subdivisions of Scotland). Dumbarton town currently serves as the administrative centre of the West Dunbartonshire authority. Image File history File linksMetadata DumbartonHighSt. ... Image File history File linksMetadata DumbartonHighSt. ... The local government of Scotland is organised into 32 unitary authorities covering the mainland and islands of Scotland. ... The local government regions and districts of Scotland were established under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 as a two-tier system of local government in Scotland. ... Strathclyde (Srath Chluaidh in Gaelic) was one of the regional council areas of Scotland from 1975 to 1996. ... The local government regions and districts of Scotland were established under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 as a two-tier system of local government in Scotland. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen of the UK Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification... West Dunbartonshire (Siorrachd Dhùn Bhreatainn an Iar in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary authority areas in Scotland. ... Argyll and Bute (Earra-Ghaidheal agus Bòd in Gaelic) is both one of 32 unitary council areas; and a Lieutenancy Area in Scotland. ... For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as Council Areas which are all governed by unitary authorities designated as Councils. They have been in use since April 1, 1996, under the provisions of the Local Government etc. ...


There is also a Dumbarton constituency of the Scottish Parliament and a former Dumbarton constituency of the House of Commons. Dumbarton is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament. ... Dumbarton was a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 to 1950 and again from 1983 until 2005. ...


Miscellaneous

  • The town has a football team, Dumbarton F.C., who play in the Scottish Football League. There was at one stage another Scottish Football League club from the town, Dumbarton Harp F.C..
  • The town has a basketball team Dumbarton Dodgers Basketball Club who play in the Strathclyde basketball league.
  • The Denny Civic Theatre is used by a number of local groups, including the Dumbarton People's Theatre.
  • The famous ship the Cutty Sark was built in Dumbarton at the Denny's Shipbuilding Company.
  • Dumbarton is the birthplace of David Byrne from Talking Heads and of the motor-racing driver Jackie Stewart.
  • Natives of Dumbarton are known as "Sons of the Rock", in reference to the site of Dumbarton Castle.
  • Overtoun Mansion is reputed to be haunted. In 2005 the Overtoun estate gained some notriety as it was uncovered by a local journalist that around fifty dogs had 'mysteriously' jumped from the Bridge over Overtoun burn over the years, the topic caught the public imagination and became the subject of a Channel five documentary in late 2006.

Dumbarton Football Club is a football (soccer) club from Scotland. ... The Scottish Football League is a league of football teams in Scotland. ... Dumbarton Harp Football Club were a football (soccer) club based in the town of Dumbarton in the west of Scotland. ... Dumbarton Dodgers Basketball Club is a small non-professional team from Dumbarton, a town in Scotland. ... A local basketball league based in Strathclyde in Scotland. ... Dumbarton Peoples Theatre (often abbreviated to DPT) is an amateur theatre group which exists in the town of Dumbarton in Scotland. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Tam o Shanter (Burns poem). ... David Byrne (born May 14, 1952 in Dumbarton, Scotland) is a musician best known as a founding member and the principal songwriter of the New Wave band Talking Heads. ... Talking Heads was an American rock band existing between 1974 and 1991, composed of David Byrne, Chris Frantz, Tina Weymouth, and Jerry Harrison. ... Auto racing (also known as automobile racing or autosport) is a sport involving racing automobiles. ... Jackie Stewart talks with fans at the 2005 United States Grand Prix at Indianapolis Sir John Young Stewart, OBE[1] (born 11 June 1939 in Milton, West Dunbartonshire), better known as Jackie Stewart, and nicknamed The Flying Scot, is a Scottish three-time Formula One racing champion. ...

Areas of Dumbarton

There are a number of distinct areas of the town:


Bellsmyre; Brucehill; Castlehill; Crosslet; Dennystown; Dumbarton East incl. Newtown; Kirktonhill; Silverton; Townend; Westcliff. Bellsmyre is an area of the town of Dumbarton in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland. ... Brucehill is an area of the town of Dumbarton in the West Dunbartonshire area of Scotland. ... Castlehill is an area of the town of Dumbarton in the West Dunbartonshire area of Scotland. ... Crosslet is in the central part of Dumbarton, behind Silverton, and next to St. ... Dumbarton East is one of the most desirable areas of the town of Dumbarton. ... Silverton is an area on the eastern side of Dumbarton, located between Dumbarton Rock and Dumbuck Hill. ... Westcliff is in the western part of Dumbarton, across from Castlehill. ...


External links

  • Robert Burns (poet) Links to Dumbarton
  • Scottish Maritime Museum


Coordinates: 55°57′N 4°34′W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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Dumbarton - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (711 words)
Dumbarton (Dùn Breatainn in Scottish Gaelic) is a burgh in Scotland, lying on the north bank of the River Clyde where the River Leven flows into the Clyde estuary.
Dumbarton functioned as the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Strathclyde, and later as the county town of the county of Dunbartonshire (formerly known as "Dumbartonshire").
Dumbarton is the birthplace of David Byrne from Talking Heads, Chris Greer and of the motor-racing driver Jackie Stewart.
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