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Encyclopedia > Dulwich Picture Gallery

Dulwich Picture Gallery is an art gallery in Dulwich, London. It was the world's first purpose-built art gallery (the Foundling Hospital, which contained a permanent art exhibition, being primarily for another purpose) and opened in 1817. Its basic architecture of a series of interlinked rooms lit by overhead skylights has been the primary influence on art gallery design ever since. An art gallery or art museum is a space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art, and usually primarily paintings and sculpture. ... Dulwich is a generally prosperous settlement in the London Borough of Southwark and which has the post code London SE21. ... The clock tower of the Palace of Westminster, which contains Big Ben London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... The Foundling Hospital, London, was founded in 1739 by the philanthropic sea captain Thomas Coram. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... // Scope and intentions According to the very earliest surviving work on the subject, Vitruvius De Architectura, good buildings should have Beauty (Venustas), Firmness (Firmitas) and Utility (Utilitas); architecture can be said to be a balance and coordination among these three elements, with none overpowering the others. ...

The Gallery and grounds
The Gallery and grounds

It was founded by a bequest from Sir Francis Bourgeois, originally from Switzerland, who on his death in 1811 bequeathed his collection of art to Dulwich College together with £2,000 for the building of a gallery to house them in. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1152x864, 192 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Dulwich Picture Gallery ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1152x864, 192 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Dulwich Picture Gallery ... Sir Peter Francis Bourgeois (1756 - 1811) was a lanscape painter and court painter to George III. When he died he left his collection to Dulwich College, and £10,000 to build a gallery for them. ... 1811 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Dulwich College gates Dulwich College is an independent, fee-paying school, called a public school in the UK, in Dulwich, south-east London, England. ...


The collection had been put together by Bourgeois and his business partner, Frenchman Noël Desenfans. The two ran a successful art dealership in London and in 1790 were commissioned by the King of Poland, Stanislaus Augustus, to put together a 'royal collection', which the monarch lacked and thought would encourage fine arts in Poland. Touring around Europe buying fine art, Bourgeois and Desenfans took five years to put the collection together, but by 1795 Poland had been partitioned — divided up by its stronger neighbours — and no longer existed. 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... World map showing location of Europe When considered a continent, Europe is the worlds second-smallest continent in terms of area, with an area of 10,600,000 km² (4,140,625 square miles), making it larger than Australia only. ... The term fine art was first attested in 1767, as a translation from the French term beaux arts. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Bourgeois and Desenfans attempted to sell the collection to other nations but were unsuccessful and instead sold small pieces to fund the purchase of further important works, keeping the collection in London. After the death of Desenfans in 1807, Bourgeois contacted the British Museum about bequeathing the collection on his own death, but was put off by the attitude of the Museum's trustees. When Bourgeois died in 1811, the terms of his will stated that the collection was to be left to Dulwich College and that a new museum was to be built by his friend, the Architect Sir John Soane, which would house the collection and would be open to the public. The Dulwich Picture Gallery opened its doors in 1817. 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The main entrance to the British Museum The British Museum in London is the United Kingdoms - and one of the worlds - largest and most important museums of human history and culture. ... 1811 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Dulwich College gates Dulwich College is an independent, fee-paying school, called a public school in the UK, in Dulwich, south-east London, England. ... Sir John Soane (10 September 1753 - 20 January 1837) was a British architect who specialised in the Neo-Classical tradition. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Bourgeois and Desenfans, along with Desenfans' wife, who funded part of their work, are buried in a mausoleum that forms one wing of the museum. The mausoleum took a direct hit from a German bomb during the war and, apparently, their bones were scattered across the lawn in front of the gallery. The three sarcophagi in the mausoleum now once again contain approximately a skeleton each, but nobody was quite sure whose bones were whose. A mausoleum is a large and impressive tomb, usually constructed for a deceased leader. ... German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ... Stone sarcophagus of Pharaoh Merenptah A sarcophagus is a stone container for a coffin or body. ... In biology, the skeleton or skeletal system is the biological system providing support in living organisms. ...


Soane's building has inspired a number of galleries built since then with its clear design and natural overhead lighting. Alms houses alongside the gallery were converted into exhibition space in 1880 and an extension was built in the early 20th century. A modern extension designed by Rick Mather was built in 1999, adding a cafe, new entrance and covered walkway. Parts of Soane's original design were also restored, having been changed during previous extensions. Categories: Stub ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday Anno Domini (or the Current Era), and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations in the United States, first enacted by Congress in 1975, exist to regulate and improve the average fuel economy of cars and light trucks (trucks, vans and sport utility vehicles) sold in the US. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) is the sales weighted...


External links

  • Dulwich Picture Gallery


Museums and Galleries in London

British Museum | Dulwich Picture Gallery | Geffrye Museum | Hayward Gallery | Horniman Museum | Imperial War Museum | Museum of Childhood Museum of London | Museum of Performance | National Gallery | National Maritime Museum | National Portrait Gallery | Natural History Museum | Royal Academy of Arts | Science Museum | Sir John Soane's Museum | Somerset HouseCourtauld Gallery, Gilbert Collection, Hermitage Rooms | Tate Britain | Tate Modern | Victoria and Albert Museum | Wallace Collection The clock tower of the Palace of Westminster, which contains Big Ben London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... The main entrance to the British Museum The British Museum in London is the United Kingdoms - and one of the worlds - largest and most important museums of human history and culture. ... The Geffrye Musuem in Shoreditch, East London is named after Sir Robert Geffrye, former Lord Mayor of London. ... Categories: United Kingdom-related stubs | Art museums and galleries in the UK | London attractions ... Categories: Museum stubs | London attractions ... Imperial War Museum, Lambeth, London The original location of the Imperial War Museum was the Crystal Palace, located at the top of Sydenham Hill. ... The National Museum of Childhood in Bethnal Green in the East End of London is a branch of the Victoria and Albert Museum (the V&A), which is the United Kingdoms national museum of applied arts. ... The Museum of London documents the history of London from the Palaeolithic to the present day. ... The Museum of Performance (formerly the Theatre Museum) in the Covent Garden district of London is the United Kingdoms national museum of the performing arts. ... The National Gallery from Trafalgar Square The National Gallery is an art gallery in London, located on the north side of Trafalgar Square. ... The National Maritime Museum, Greenwich The National Maritime Museum (NMM) is the leading maritime museum of the United Kingdom, and one of the most important in the world. ... The National Portrait Gallery is an art gallery in central London which was opened in 1856. ... The Natural History Museum in South Kensington, London, has an ornate terracotta facade typical of high Victorian architecture. ... This article refers to an art institution in London. ... Science Museum The Science Museum on Exhibition Road, Kensington, London, is part of the National Museum of Science and Industry. ... The Soane Museum is a museum of architecture, and was formerly the house and studio of Sir John Soane. ... Somerset House in London Somerset House in London Somerset House is a large building situated on the south side of The Strand in central London, overlooking the River Thames, just east of Waterloo Bridge. ... The Courtauld Institute of Art is a listed organisation of the University of London specialising in the study of the history of art. ... The Gilbert Collection was formed by the English businessman Sir Arthur Gilbert, who made most of his fortune in the property business in California. ... The Hermitage Rooms at Somerset House in London are a venue for temporary exhibitions of items from the collections of the Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg in Russia. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Tate Modern from the Millennium Bridge Tate Modern from St Pauls Cathedral (note the rebuilt Globe Theatre in white to the left) Ólafur Elíassons The Weather Project in the Turbine Hall of Tate Modern Tate Modern is Britains new national museum of modern art in London... The Cromwell Road entrance to the Victoria and Albert Museum The Victoria and Albert Museum viewed from Thurloe Square An interior courtyard of the Victoria and Albert Museum The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A) is on Cromwell Road in Kensington, West London. ... The Wallace Collection is a national art museum located in London. ...


See here for full list There are over 240 museums in London. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Dulwich Picture Gallery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (522 words)
Dulwich Picture Gallery is an art gallery in Dulwich, London.
It was the world's first purpose-built art gallery (the Foundling Hospital, which contained a permanent art exhibition, being primarily for another purpose) and opened in 1817.
Alms houses alongside the gallery were converted into exhibition space in 1880 and an extension was built in the early 20th century.
Dulwich - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (267 words)
Dulwich is a generally prosperous settlement in the London Borough of Southwark.
Dulwich and East Dulwich cover a fertile valley between hills, Denmark Hill and Dog Kennel Hill to the north, Sydenham Hill and One Tree Hill, Honor Oak, to the south.
Dulwich village is one of the oldest recorded villages in London.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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