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Encyclopedia > Duluth Domestic Abuse Intervention Project

The Duluth Model or Domestic Abuse Intervention Project was developed by Minnesota Program Development, Inc., a nonprofit agency in Duluth, Minnesota. A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ... Motto: Nickname: Map Political Statistics Founded 1679 Incorporated 1800s St. ... Official language(s) None Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 12th 225,365 km² 400 km 645 km 8. ...


They hold that "women and children are vulnerable to violence because of their unequal social, economic, and political status in society".


In 1981, the Domestic Abuse Intervention Project was the first multi-disciplinary program designed to address the issue of domestic violence. This experiment, conducted in Duluth, involved coordinating the actions of a variety of agencies that deal with domestic situations. The policies and activities of diverse elements of the system, from police officers on the street, to shelters for battered women and probation officers supervising offenders, were coordinated with each other. This program has become a model for other jurisdictions seeking to deal more effectively with domestic violence. More and more jurisdictions are mandating that suspects in domestic violence incidents be arrested if there is probable cause to believe that an assault occurred. Victim advocates intervene directly with victims by providing them with counseling about the court process, how to obtain and use restraining orders and how to formulate and implement safety plans. Corrections/probation agencies in many areas supervise domestic violence offenders more closely, and pay attention to the victim's needs and safety issues. 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Domestic violence occurs when a family member, partner or ex-partner attempts to physically or psychologically dominate or harm the other. ... Probation officers function as agents or officers of the courts in the United States especially, but also in other countries. ... In law, jurisdiction from the Latin jus, juris meaning law and dicere meaning to speak, is the practical authority granted to a formally constituted body or to a person to deal with and make pronouncements on legal matters and, by implication, to administer justice within a defined area of responsibility. ... Victim was the title of a British film made in 1961, directed by Basil Deardon and starring Dirk Bogarde and Sylvia Simms. ... Psychotherapy is a set of techniques believed to cure or to help solve behavioral and other psychological problems in humans. ... An injunction is an equitable remedy in the form of a court order that either prohibits or compels (enjoins or restrains) a party from continuing a particular activity. ...


It should be noted, however, that the Duluth framework depends on a strict "patriarchal violence" model and presumes that all violence in the home and elsewhere has a male perpetrator and female victim. It explicitly rejects any concept of mutuality or symmetry in abusive relationships. Patriarchy (from Greek: patria meaning father and arché meaning rule) is the anthropological term used to define the sociological condition where male members of a society tend to predominate in positions of power; with the more powerful the position, the more likely it is that a male will hold that... An abusive relationship is a interpersonal relationship characterized by the use or threat of physical or psychological abuse. ...


Criticism

The focus solely on male perpetrators and the rejection of any system dynamics has been criticised from perspectives informed by psychology, education or remedial therapy. Systems theory is an interdisciplinary field which studies relationships of systems as a whole. ... Psychology (ancient Greek: psyche = soul or mind, logos/-ology = study of) is an academic and applied field involving the study of the mind, brain, and behavior, both human and nonhuman. ...


The Duluth program is widely used but clear evidence of success is limited.


See also

Spousal abuse is a specific form of domestic violence where physical or sexual abuse is perpetuated by one spouse upon another. ... The Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA) was passed as Title IV, sec. ...

External links


 
 

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