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Encyclopedia > Duluth, Minnesota
Duluth, Minnesota
Flag of Duluth, Minnesota
Flag
Location in St. Louis County, Minnesota
Location in St. Louis County, Minnesota
Coordinates: 46°47′12.98″N 92°5′53.5″W / 46.7869389, -92.098194
Country United States
State Minnesota
County St. Louis
Founded 1679
Government
 - Mayor Don Ness
Area
 - City 87.3 sq mi (226.2 km²)
 - Land 68 sq mi (176.10 km²)
 - Water 19.3 sq mi (50.01 km²)  22.11%
Elevation 702 ft (214 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 86,918
 - Density 1,278.1/sq mi (493.3/km²)
 - Metro 275,488
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 55801, 55802, 55803, 55804, 55805, 55806, 55807, 55808, 55810, 55811, 55812
Area code(s) 218
FIPS code 27-17000[1]
GNIS feature ID 0661145[2]
Website: www.ci.duluth.mn.us

Duluth is a seaport city in the U.S. state of Minnesota and the county seat of St. Louis County. The city had a total population of 86,918 in the 2000 census and the metropolitan census including outer suburbs and villages was estimated to be roughly 184,000.[3] At the westernmost point on the north shore of Lake Superior, Duluth is linked to the Atlantic Ocean 2,300 miles (3,700 km) away via the Great Lakes and Erie Canal/New York State Barge Canal or Saint Lawrence Seaway passages and is the Atlantic Ocean's westernmost deep-water port.[4] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 232 pixelsFull resolution (3810 × 1106 pixel, file size: 4. ... St. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... List of Minnesota counties: Minnesota counties Aitkin County Anoka County Becker County Beltrami County Benton County Big Stone County Blue Earth County Brown County Carlton County Carver County Cass County Chippewa County Chisago County Clay County Clearwater County Cook County Cottonwood County Crow Wing County Dakota County Dodge County Douglas... St. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 218 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... St. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ... // The word village has many meanings relating to local government in the United States. ... Split Rock Lighthouse on North Shore of Lake Superior The North Shore of Lake Superior runs from Duluth, Minnesota, United States, at the southwestern end of the lake to Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada, in the north to Sault Ste. ... For the the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... The Erie Canal (currently part of the New York State Canal System) is a canal in New York State, United States, that runs from the Hudson River to Lake Erie, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... The New York Barge Canal is a successor to the Erie Canal and other canals within New York. ... The Eisenhower Locks in Massena, NY. The St. ...


Duluth forms a metropolitan area with Superior, Wisconsin. Called the Twin Ports, these two cities share the Duluth-Superior Harbor and together are one of the most important ports on the Great Lakes, shipping coal, iron ore (taconite), and grain. As a tourist destination for the Midwest, Duluth features America's only all-freshwater aquarium, the Great Lakes Aquarium, the Aerial Lift Bridge which spans the short canal into Duluth's harbor, "Park Point", the world's second longest freshwater sandbar, spanning 6 miles, and is a launching point for the North Shore.[5] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Fairlawn Mansion, a 42 room mansion built in 1890 by Superiors three-time mayor Martin Pattison, is now a museum Downtown Superior, Duluth is on the horizon. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Twin Ports of Duluth, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin are located at the western part of Lake Superior (the westernmost of North Americas Great Lakes). ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal is a fossil fuel formed in ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ... Taconite is an iron-bearing, high-silica, flint-like rock. ... Grain redirects here. ... Tourist redirects here. ... This article is about the Midwestern region in the United States. ... “Aquaria” redirects here. ... The Great Lakes Aquarium is the only aquarium in the United States that focuses on freshwater exhibits. ... The Aerial Bridge in 1907 The Aerial Lift Bridge (earlier known as the Aerial Bridge or Aerial Ferry Bridge) is a major landmark in the port city of Duluth, Minnesota. ... For other uses, see Canal (disambiguation). ... Split Rock Lighthouse on North Shore of Lake Superior The North Shore of Lake Superior runs from Duluth, Minnesota, United States, at the southwestern end of the lake to Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada, in the north to Sault Ste. ...


The city is named for Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut, the first known European explorer of the area. Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut (c. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

Pre-founding

Minnesota Point from the hill above Duluth in 1875
Minnesota Point from the hill above Duluth in 1875

Native American tribes had occupied the Duluth area for thousands of years. The original inhabitants are believed to have been members of Paleo-Indian cultures, followed by the "Old Copper" people, who hunted with spear points and knives and fished with metal hooks. Around two thousand years ago, the Woodlands people, known for their burial mounds and pottery, occupied the area. They also cultivated wild rice, a crop that continues to be harvested today by Ojibwe tribes in the region and is often seen being sold in the area, especially in Wisconsin. Duluth's name in the Ojibwe language is Onigamiinssing ("at the little portage") due to the small and easy portage across Minnesota Point between Lake Superior and western Superior Bay forming Duluth's harbor. According to Ojibwe Oral history, Spirit Island located near the Spirit Valley neighborhood was the "Sixth Stopping Place" where the northern and southern branches of the Ojibwe Nation came together and then proceeded to their "Seventh Stopping Place" near the present city of La Pointe, Wisconsin. This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Paleo-Indians is an English term used to refer to the ancient peoples of America who were present at the end of the last Ice Age. ... Examples of Clovis points. ... This article is about the tool. ... Species Zizania aquatica Zizania latifolia Zizania palustris Zizania texana Zizania aquatica L. Hitchc. ... For other uses of Chippewa, see Chippewa (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Anishinaabe language or the Ojibwe group of languages or Anishinaabemowin in Eastern Ojibwe syllabics) is the third most commonly spoken Native language in Canada (after Cree and Inuktitut), and the fourth most spoken in North America (behind Navajo, Cree, and Inuktitut). ... Minnesota Point is a long, narrow peninsula that extends out from the Canal Park area of Duluth, Minnesota, and separating Lake Superior from the St. ... The Saint Louis River is a river in Minnesota that flows into Lake Superior. ... For other uses of Chippewa, see Chippewa (disambiguation). ... Oral history is an account of something passed down by word of mouth from one generation to another. ... La Pointe is a town located in Ashland County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. ...


In 1659, Pierre Esprit Radisson and Médard Chouart des Groseilliers went searching for furs in the Lake Superior region, and visited the area that became today’s Duluth. Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut, the city's namesake, arrived in 1679 to settle rivalries between two Indian nations, the Dakota and the Ojibwa, and to advance fur trading missions in the area. His work allowed for this to occur, with the Ojibwa becoming middlemen between the French and the Dakota. As a result, the area prospered, and as early as 1692, the Hudson's Bay Company set up a small post at Fond du Lac. Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut (c. ... A Sioux in traditional dress including war bonnet, circa 1908. ... This article is about the native North American people. ... The fur trade was a huge part in the early economic development of North America. ... This article is about the native North American people. ... middle_man is a program created by Krunch Software with the sole purpose of Enhancing your AIM experience. The AOL Instant Messenger plug-in enhances and extends funtionality of AIM to its users. ... A Sioux in traditional dress including war bonnet, circa 1908. ... Hudsons Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie dHudson in French) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... Fond du Lac is a neighborhood in Duluth, Minnesota. ...


It was not until 1792 that the next trading post, on the Wisconsin side of the St. Louis River, was opened by Jean Baptiste Cadotte of the North West Company. A fire destroyed the post in 1800, but a German émigré, John Jacob Astor, constructed a post on the river's Minnesota side. The store initially floundered as a result of the Indians' insistence in trading with established English and French partners. However, Astor managed to convince the United States Congress to ban foreigners from trading in American territory. His American Fur Company was re-formed in 1816-17. Hard times hit the post once again by 1839 due to fashionable Europeans choosing silk hats over those made from beaver pelts. The Saint Louis River is a river in Minnesota that flows into Lake Superior. ... For the grocery chain, see The North West Company The North West Company a fur trading business headquartered in the city of Montreal in British North America from 1779 to 1821. ... John Jacob Astor, detail of an oil painting by Gilbert Stuart, 1794 John Jacob (originally either Johann Jakob or Johann Jacob) Astor (July 17, 1763 - March 29, 1848) was the first of the Astor family dynasty and the first millionaire in the United States, the creator of the first Trust... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... The American Fur Company was founded by John Jacob Astor in 1808. ...


Two Treaties of Fond du Lac were signed in the present neighborhood of Fond du Lac in 1826 and 1847. As part of the Treaty of Washington (1854) with the Lake Superior Band of Chippewa, the Fond du Lac Indian Reservation was established upstream from Duluth near Cloquet, Minnesota, and the Ojibwa population was relocated there. The Treaty of Fond du Lac may refer to either of two treaties made and signed in Duluth, Minnesota between the United States and the Ojibwe (Chippewa) Native American peoples. ... Fond du Lac is a neighborhood in Duluth, Minnesota. ... The Lake Superior Chippewa (or Gichigamiwininiwag in the Anishinaabe language) were a historical band of Ojibwe Indians living around Lake Superior in what is now the northern parts of Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota. ... The Fond du Lac Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation in northern Minnesota near Duluth in Carlton and St. ... Cloquet is a city located in Carlton County, Minnesota. ... This article is about the native North American people. ...


Permanent settlement

Chester Terrace
Chester Terrace

Interest in the area was piqued in the 1850s as rumors of copper mining began to circulate. A government land survey in 1852, followed by a treaty with local tribes in 1854, secured wilderness for gold-seeking explorers, sparked a "land rush," and led to the development of iron ore mining in the area. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The most commonly present source of copper ore is chalcopyrite (CuFeS2), which accounts for about 50% of copper production. ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ...


Around the same time, newly-constructed channels and locks in the East permitted large ships to access the area. A road connecting Duluth to the Twin Cities was also constructed. Eleven small towns on both sides of the St. Louis River were formed, establishing Duluth's roots as a city. In physical geography, a channel is the physical confine of a river, slough or ocean strait consisting of a bed and banks. ... Canal locks in England. ... A map of the Twin Cities metropolitan area. ... The Saint Louis River is a river in Minnesota that flows into Lake Superior. ...


By 1857, copper resources became scarce, and the area's economic focus shifted to timber harvesting. A nation-wide financial crisis led to nearly three quarters of the city's early pioneers leaving. Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood...


In the late 1860s, a financier Jay Cooke (after whom the Jay Cooke State Park is named), convinced the Lake Superior and Mississippi Railroad to create an extension from St. Paul to Duluth. The railroad opened areas due north and west of Lake Superior to iron ore mining. Duluth's population on New Year's Day, 1869 consisted of fourteen families; by the Fourth of July, 3,500 people were present to celebrate. Jay Cooke (August 10, 1821-February 8, 1905), American financier, was born at Sandusky, Ohio, the son of Eleutheros Cooke (1787-1864), a pioneer Ohio lawyer, and Whig member of Congress from that state in 1831-1833. ... Jay Cooke State Park is a Minnesota State Park located about ten miles southwest of Duluth, Minnesota, just outside of the small town of Thomson, Minnesota. ... The Lake Superior and Mississippi Railroad was the first rail link between the Twin Cities and Duluth and came into existence in 1863 when financier Jay Cooke selected Duluth as the northern end of a new railroad. ... State capitol building in Saint Paul Saint Paul is the capital and second-largest city of the state of Minnesota in the United States of America. ... For the the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ... These fireworks over the Washington Monument are typical of Fourth of July celebrations In the United States, Independence Day, also called the Fourth of July, is a federal holiday celebrating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. ...


Twentieth century

The J.B. Ford storing and the J.A.W. Iglehart offloading cement.
The J.B. Ford storing and the J.A.W. Iglehart offloading cement.
Duluth and area, from Enger Tower.

Subsequently the city throve, and the hillside and downtown areas developed and expanded. In the 1900s, the city's port passed New York City in gross tonnage handled, elevating it to being the leading port in the United States. Meanwhile, there were ten newspapers, six banks, and an eleven-story skyscraper, the Torrey Building, already present in the town. In 1907, U.S. Steel announced that a $5 – $6 million plant would be constructed in the area. Although steel production only began eight years later, predictions held that Duluth's population would rise to 200,000 to 300,000. With the plant came Morgan Park, a once-independent company town that now stands as a city neighborhood. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 447 pixelsFull resolution (1550 × 867 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 447 pixelsFull resolution (1550 × 867 pixel, file size: 1. ... For other uses, see Cement (disambiguation). ... Picture of Duluth, MN taken in July 2004 from Enger Tower File links The following pages link to this file: Duluth, Minnesota Categories: GFDL images ... Picture of Duluth, MN taken in July 2004 from Enger Tower File links The following pages link to this file: Duluth, Minnesota Categories: GFDL images ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States and Central Europe. ... Morgan Park is a neighborhood in Duluth, Minnesota. ...


In the early twentieth century, Duluth was home to one of the largest Finnish communities in the world outside of Finland. For decades, a Finnish-language daily newspaper taking the namesake of the old Grand Duchy of Finland's pro-independence leftist paper, Päivälehti, was published in the city. The area was also settled by Immigrants from Ireland, Poland, Serbia, Italy, Ukraine, Romainia, Norway, Hungary, Denmark, Sweden, Bulgaria, Austria, Croatia, England, and Russia. Language(s) Finnish, Swedish Languages related to Finnish include Estonian, Karelian, Vepsian, Võro and to a lesser extent, all Finno-Ugric Languages. ... Päivälehti was a newspaper in Finland, which was then a Grand Duchy under the Czar of Russia. ...


On June 14, 1920 The Duluth lynchings took place on 1st Street and 2nd Avenue East. is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


During much of the twentieth century, the city was an industrial port town, with a cement plant, nail mill, wire mills, and the U.S. Steel plant. In 1916, during World War I, a shipbuilding plant on St. Louis River produced eight vessels simultaneously. A neighborhood was formed around this operation, today known as Riverside. Similar industrial operations were heightened during the Second World War. Population growth continued after the war, with a peak of 106,884 reached in 1960. The city experienced strong immigrant influx, and the Finnish IWW community published a widely read labor newspaper Industrialisti. From 1907 to 1941 the Finnish Socialist Federation, and then the IWW operated Work People's College, an educational institution that taught classes from a working class perspective. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ... The United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States and Central Europe. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Language(s) Finnish, Swedish Languages related to Finnish include Estonian, Karelian, Vepsian, Võro and to a lesser extent, all Finno-Ugric Languages. ... The IWW Label A Wobbly membership card The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies) is an international union headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, having much in common with anarcho-syndicalist unions, but also many differences. ... Industrialisti was the official daily newspaper of the Industrial Workers of the World. ... A Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Church folk school founded, September 1903, in Minneapolis, Minnesota served as a predecesor for Work Peoples College. ...

Coffee shop and skyway in downtown Duluth
Coffee shop and skyway in downtown Duluth

Due to foreign competition, the U.S. Steel plant closed in 1987, presenting a major blow to the city. Duluth is often cited as "where the Rust Belt begins," and other industrial activity followed suit with more closures, including shipbuilding, heavy machinery, and the Air Force base. Within a decade, unemployment rates surged to 15 percent, emptying local stores and creating long job application lines. This was particularly hard on Duluth's West Side, where the Eastern and Southern European immagrants had traditionally occupied for decades. Download high resolution version (600x642, 100 KB)Coffeeshop and skyway in downtown Duluth, Minnesota (taken Oct. ... Download high resolution version (600x642, 100 KB)Coffeeshop and skyway in downtown Duluth, Minnesota (taken Oct. ... In an urban setting, a skyway, catwalk, or skywalk, is a type of pedway consisting of an enclosed (or covered) bridge between two buildings. ... The United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States and Central Europe. ... Manufacturing Belt, highlighted in red The Rust Belt, a term coined from Manufacturing Belt, is an area in parts of the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States of America. ... Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ...


With the decline of the city's industrial core, the local economic focus shifted to tourism. The downtown was renewed with red brick streets and skywalks, and old warehouses along the waterfront were converted into cafés, shops, and restaurants, forming Canal Park as a largely tourism-oriented district. Tourist redirects here. ... A skyway is a path that is traversed without touching the ground. ... Both tourists and locals enjoy the Lakewalk Lake Walk in spring Canal Park is a tourist and recreation-oriented district of Duluth, Minnesota. ...


The Untold Delights of Duluth

Early doubts about the potential of the Duluth area were voiced in the speech The Untold Delights of Duluth, made by former U.S. Representative J. Proctor Knott of Kentucky on January 27, 1871 in the U.S. House; the speech against the St. Croix and Superior Land Grant lampooned Western boosterism, portraying Duluth as an Eden in fantastically florid terms.[6] The speech has been reprinted in collections of folklore and humorous speeches and is regarded as something of a classic. The nearby city of Proctor, Minnesota is named for Congressman Knott. James Proctor Knott (1830 - June 18, 1911) was the Attorney General of Missouri at the outset of the American Civil War and Governor of Kentucky from 1883 to 1887. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Boosterism is the act of huge boobs or promoting, ones town, city, or organization, with the goal of improving public perception of it. ...


Duluth, Minnesota's unofficial sister city, Duluth, Georgia, was named by Evan P. Howell in humorous reference to Representative Knott's speech. Originally called Howell's Crossroads in honor of his grandfather Evan Howell, the town had in 1871 just finished getting a railroad to the town, and the 'Delights of Duluth' speech was still popular. A picture from the annual Duluth Fall Festival Duluth is a city in Gwinnett County, Georgia, and a suburb of Atlanta located in the Metro Atlanta area. ... Evan P. Howell Categories: American politician stubs | Mayors of Atlanta ...


Proctor Knott is sometimes credited with characterizing Duluth as the "zenith city of the unsalted seas," but the honor for that coinage belongs to journalist Thomas Preston Foster, speaking at a Fourth of July picnic in 1868.[7]


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 87.3 square miles (226.2 km²). It is Minnesota's second largest city in terms of land area, surpassed only by Hibbing. Of its 87.3 square miles, 68.0 square miles (176.1 km²) or 77.89% is land and 19.3 square miles (50.0 km²) or 22.11% is water. Duluth's canal connects Lake Superior to the Duluth-Superior harbor and the St. Louis River. The Aerial Lift Bridge connects Canal Park with Minnesota Point ("Park Point"). Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Minnesota Point is a long, narrow peninsula that extends out from the Canal Park area of Duluth, Minnesota, and separating Lake Superior from the St. ... Park Point is a neighborhood and sandbar in Duluth, Minnesota. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Hibbing is a city in St. ... Both tourists and locals enjoy the Lakewalk Lake Walk in spring Canal Park is a tourist and recreation-oriented district of Duluth, Minnesota. ... Minnesota Point is a long, narrow peninsula that extends out from the Canal Park area of Duluth, Minnesota, and separating Lake Superior from the St. ... Park Point is a neighborhood and sandbar in Duluth, Minnesota. ...

Steep 1st Avenue East viewed from the Lakewalk in Canal Park
Steep 1st Avenue East viewed from the Lakewalk in Canal Park

Duluth's geography is dominated by a rather steep hill which represents a transition from the elevation of Lake Superior's beach to that of the inland. It is also known as the San Francisco of Minnesota.[citation needed] For example, the Sky Harbor airport's weather station, near the lake on the Park Point sandbar (at 6 miles (9.65 km) is the second longest freshwater sand bar in the world) has an elevation of 607 feet (185 m),[8] while Duluth International Airport atop the hill is at 1,427 feet (435 m).[8] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 1146 KB) Duluth, Minnesota photo from Canal Park (Duluth) March 31, 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 1146 KB) Duluth, Minnesota photo from Canal Park (Duluth) March 31, 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Both tourists and locals enjoy the Lakewalk Lake Walk in spring Canal Park is a tourist and recreation-oriented district of Duluth, Minnesota. ... A technician examines a weather stations anemometer. ...


As a result, Duluth is primarily a southwest-northeast city. A considerable amount of development on the hill's upslope gives Duluth a reputation for steep streets. Some neighborhoods, such as Piedmont Heights and Bayview Heights, are atop the hill, at times giving scenic views of the city. The Goat Hill neighborhood overlooking the 'can of worms' freeway interchange around 18th Avenue West is an example of this; another is the skyline neighborhood above downtown from 5th to 10th Avenues West. Perhaps the most rapidly developing part of the city is a commercial mall and big-box retailer shopping strip "over the hill", the Miller Trunk corridor. Re-construction of U.S. 53 is scheduled within the next 5 years to alleviate congestion in this part of Duluth. Piedmont Heights is one of Duluth, Minnesotas newer neighborhoods. ... Bayview Heights is a primarily residential neighborhood in Duluth, Minnesota. ... Photo looking towards the Miller Hill Mall from the Burning Tree Plaza, around the center part of the corridor The Highway 53 or Miller Trunk Corridor refers to a large agglomeration of retail development in Duluth and Hermantown, Minnesota, on and around U.S. Highway 53, and by extension, Minnesota...


Climate

Shoreline in April
Shoreline in April

The city's climate is known for long, cold winters and cool summers. The nickname "The Air-Conditioned City" is given to Duluth due to the cooling effect that Lake Superior has on it during the summer months. During the winter months, temperatures often remain below freezing for periods of weeks. A normal winter brings consistent snow cover from December through March. Winter storms that pass south or east of Duluth can often set up easterly or northeasterly flow. Upslope lake-effect snow events can bring a foot (30 cm) or more of snow to the city while areas 50 miles (80 km) inland receive considerably less. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 452 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 452 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Lakewalk carriage ride in May
Lakewalk carriage ride in May

Summers are cool and comfortable, with daytime temperatures averaging in the 70s–80s °F range (20–30 °C) due to the cooling easterly winds of the lake (as opposed to occasional temperatures over 90 °F (32 °C) inland, although temperatures may remain below 50 °F (10 °C) during afternoons as late in the year as June along the Lake Superior shore, even when the inland temperature is in the 70s °F (mid-20s °C). The phrase "cooler by the lake" can be heard often in weather forecasts during the summer, especially on days when an easterly wind is expected. Due to the specific heat of the huge lake, seasons are substantially delayed, with November often much warmer than April. Great local variations are also common, due to the rapid change in elevation between the hill and shore-side. It can be snowing at the Miller Hill Mall and pouring rain in Canal Park at the same time.
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Weather averages for Duluth, Minnesota
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 16 (-9) 22 (-6) 32 (0) 48 (9) 62 (17) 71 (22) 76 (24) 74 (23) 64 (18) 53 (12) 35 (2) 22 (-6) 48 (9)
Average low °F (°C) -1 (-18) 3 (-16) 15 (-9) 29 (-2) 40 (4) 48 (9) 54 (12) 53 (12) 45 (7) 35 (2) 21 (-6) 6 (-14) 29 (-2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.2 (30.5) 0.8 (20.3) 1.8 (45.7) 2.4 (61) 3.2 (81.3) 4.1 (104.1) 4.0 (101.6) 3.9 (99.1) 3.6 (91.4) 2.4 (61) 1.9 (48.3) 1.3 (33) 30.6 (777.2)
Source: weatherbase.com[9] Aug 11, 2007

Demographics

Herb Bergson, former Mayor of Duluth, walking to an anti-poverty rally in November 2005
Herb Bergson, former Mayor of Duluth, walking to an anti-poverty rally in November 2005
Population Estimate[3]
2000 86,918
2001 86,961
2002 86,384
2003 86,108
2004 85,308
2005 84,781
2006 84,167

Duluth and its environs are experiencing moderate population growth.[10] As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 86,918 people, 35,500 households, and 19,915 families residing in the city.[3] The population density was 1,278.1 inhabitants per square mile (493.5/km²). There were 36,994 housing units at an average density of 544.0/sq mi (210/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.65% White, 1.63% Black or African American, 2.44% Native American, 1.14% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.82% from two or more races. 1.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.5% were of German, 16.0% Polish, 14.5% Norwegian, 10.9% Swedish, 7.2% Italian, 7.1% Irish, 6.9% Finnish, 6.9% Serbian, and 6.8% Croatian ancestry according to Census 2000. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 630 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 630 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Serbian Americans are citizens of the United States who are of Serbian ancestry. ... The United States 2000 Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


There were 35,500 households out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.9% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.90. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 16.2% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $33,766, and the median income for a family was $46,394. Males had a median income of $35,182 versus $24,965 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,969. About 8.6% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Economy

The Str. American Victory (then, the Middletown) on Lake Superior
The Str. American Victory (then, the Middletown) on Lake Superior

Duluth is the regional hub not only for its own immediate area, but also for a large area encompassing northeastern Minnesota, northwestern Wisconsin, and the western Upper Peninsula of Michigan. It remains a major transportation center for the transshipment of coal, taconite, agricultural products, steel, limestone, and cement. In recent years it has seen strong growth in the transshipment of wind turbine components coming and going from manufacturers in both Europe and North Dakota, and in oversized industrial machinery manufactured all around the world and destined for the tar sands oil extraction projects in northern Alberta. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... For the the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ... The Arrowhead Region of Minnesota is comprised of Carlton, Cook, Lake and St. ... The Upper Peninsula of Michigan, also known as The Upper Peninsula, The U.P. (or The UP), and Above the Bridge by Michiganders, refers to the northern peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


The city is a popular center for tourism. Duluth is a convenient base for trips to the scenic North Shore via Highway 61, or to fishing and wilderness expeditions in Minnesota's far north, including the Superior National Forest and the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness. Tourists also may drive on the North Shore Scenic Drive to visit Gooseberry Falls State Park, Isle Royale National Park via ferry or visit Grand Portage National Monument in Grand Portage, Minnesota. Thunder Bay, Canada can be reached by following the highway into Canada along Lake Superior. Split Rock Lighthouse on North Shore of Lake Superior The North Shore of Lake Superior runs from Duluth, Minnesota, United States, at the southwestern end of the lake to Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada, in the north to Sault Ste. ... Minnesota State Highway 61 is a state highway in Minnesota. ... Superior National Forest is a National_Forest located in Northeastern Minnesota between the U.S.-Canadian Border and Lake Superior. ... Canoes on Saganaga Lake The Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCAW or BWCA, sometimes simply the bee-dub) is a 1. ... The North Shore Scenic Drive is an All-American Road that follows St. ... Gooseberry Falls State Park is a Minnesota state park on the north shore of Lake Superior. ... Isle Royale National Park is a U.S. National Park in the state of Michigan. ... Grand Portage National Monument, located within the boreal forest on the north shore of Lake Superior in northeastern Minnesota, preserves a vital center of fur trade activity and Anishinaabeg Ojibwe heritage dating back to the 18th century. ...


Arts

Duluth's Graffiti Graveyard
Duluth's Graffiti Graveyard

Local attractions include a variety of arts opportunities. Museums include the Duluth Art Institute at the Duluth Depot, the Tweed Museum of Art at the University of Minnesota Duluth, and smaller local art galleries scattered around the city. See the List of Museums in Duluth. Duluth is also home to a professional ballet company, the Minnesota Ballet. Duluth shares a symphony orchestra with Superior, Wisconsin, the Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra[1]. In summer there are often free concerts held in Chester Park where local musicians play for crowds, and the Bayfront Blues Festival is held in early August. Beginning in 2004, Duluth has celebrated Gay Pride with a parade on Labor Day weekend. The city celebrates the Homegrown Music Festival the first week in May each year. Started in 1998, the festival features over 130 local musical acts performing across the city. There also exists under a section of I-35 a stretch of graffiti know as the Graffiti Graveyard.[11] Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The University of Minnesota Duluth (UMD) is a regional branch of the University of Minnesota System located in Duluth, Minnesota, USA. As Duluths public research university, UMD offers 12 bachelors degrees in 75 majors, graduate programs in 20 fields, a two-year program at the School of Medicine... US Territories       See also       External links South Pacific Memorial Park - Agana Ponce Museum of Art - Ponce Fort Christian - Charlotte Amalie List of notable museums and galleries List of museums focused on African Americans List of creationist museums List of natural history museums List of philatelic museums List of railway museums... A ballet company is a group of dancers who perform ballets. ... The Minnesota Ballet is a ballet company and school located in Duluth, Minnesota. ... Front line of Gay Pride parade in Paris, France; June 2005 Gay pride or LGBT pride refers to a world wide movement and philosophy asserting that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals should be proud of their sexual orientation and gender identity. ... 2004 Gay Pride Parade in São Paulo, Brazil. ... This article is about the holiday in the United States. ... The Homegrown Music Festival is Duluth, Minnesotas annual showcase of local bands. ... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ...

Sports

Duluth in the NFL
Year W L T Finish
Kelleys
1923 4 3 0 7th
1924 5 1 0 4th
1925 0 3 0 16th
Eskimos
1926 6 5 3 8th
1927 1 8 0 11th

NFL redirects here. ...

Professional sports history

Duluth once fielded a National Football League team called the Kelleys (officially the Kelley Duluths after the Kelley-Duluth Hardware Store) from 1923-1925 and the Eskimos (officially Ernie Nevers' Eskimos after the early NFL great, their star player) from 1926-1927. The Eskimos were then sold and became the Orange Tornadoes (Orange, New Jersey). This bit of history became the basis for the 2008 George Clooney/Renee Zellweger movie, "Leatherheads." NFL redirects here. ... Duluth, Minnesota fielded a team called the Kelleys (officially the Kelley Duluths after the Kelley-Duluth Hardware Store) from 1923-1925 and the Eskimos (officially Ernie Nevers Eskimos after their star player) from 1926-1927 in the National Football League. ... Ernest Nevers (1903 - 1976) was a U.S. football player. ... The Orange Tornadoes played the 1929 National Football League season in Orange, New Jersey. ... Map of City of Orange in Essex County The City of Orange Township is a City in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. ...


The Duluth-Superior Dukes of the Northern League Independent Professional Baseball played in West Duluth's Wade Stadium from the League's inception in 1993 until 2002 when the team moved to Kansas City and became the Kansas City T-Bones. The Dukes were Northern League Champions in 1997. The Northern League, based out of the midwest, was also in operation off and on from 1902 to 1971, with the longest stint from 1932-1971. The Dukes were a farm team for the Detroit Tigers from 1960-1964, and several other teams in later years, before the Northern League folded in 1971. The Dukes produced notable players such as Denny McClain, Al Kaline, Bill Freehan, Gates Brown, Ray Oyler, Jim Northrup, Mickey Stanley, John Hiller, and Willie Horton, all who were members of the 1968 world champion Detroit Tigers. The Kansas City T-Bones minor league baseball team is based out of Kansas City, Kansas and is located near the Kansas Motor Speedway. ... This article refers to the modern Northern League. ... Wade Stadium is a baseball field located at Grand Ave & 34th AW in Duluth, Minnesota. ... The Kansas City T-Bones minor league baseball team is based out of Kansas City, Kansas and play in CommunityAmerica Ballpark near the Kansas Speedway. ...


Amateur sports

The University of Minnesota Duluth Bulldog hockey games are a major event in town during the cold Duluth winter. Games used to be televised locally, and thousands watch the games in person at the Duluth Entertainment Convention Center (DECC). Several Bulldogs have gone on to success in the National Hockey League, including hockey great Brett Hull. In addition, the UMD Women's ice hockey team has won three consecutive NCAA National Championships (2001-2003). The 2003 Women's Frozen Four was played at the DECC, where the Bulldogs defeated Harvard on a dramatic double-overtime goal by Nora Tallus in front of a sellout home crowd. The University of Minnesota Duluth (UMD) is a regional branch of the University of Minnesota System located in Duluth, Minnesota, USA. As Duluths public research university, UMD offers 12 bachelors degrees in 75 majors, graduate programs in 20 fields, a two-year program at the School of Medicine... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Duluth Entertainment Convention Center (DECC) is a 5,333-seat multi-purpose arena in Duluth, Minnesota. ... NHL redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Duluth Huskies are a college summer wood bat league baseball team which is based in Duluth and plays in the Northwoods League. The team plays its home games at Wade Stadium. They are made up from some of the top college baseball players in the country, playing 34 home games each summer between June and August. The Duluth Huskies are a college-level summer baseball team based in Duluth, Minnesota. ... This article is about the sport. ... It has been suggested that Northwoods League Umpires be merged into this article or section. ... Wade Stadium is a baseball field located at Grand Ave & 34th AW in Duluth, Minnesota. ...


The Duluth-Superior Shoremen are a semi-pro football team based in Duluth's Public Schools Stadium. They play for the Mid-American Football League, and placed second in that league's championship game in 2005.


The Duluth Xpress is an amateur baseball team that plays its games at the Ordean Middle School baseball field. The team is made up of current college baseball players, ex-college baseball players, and ex-professional baseball players. The Xpress compete in the Arrowhead league which is a class B league of Minnesota amateur baseball.


Parks and recreation

Lester River. Lester Park Trail is one of the city's popular hiking and picnic areas.
Lester River. Lester Park Trail is one of the city's popular hiking and picnic areas.[12]

Since 1977, Duluth has played host to Grandma's Marathon (named after its original sponsor, Grandma's Restaurant), drawing runners from all over the world. Held annually in June, the course of the marathon starts just outside Two Harbors, Minnesota, runs down Old Highway 61, the former route for U.S. Highway 61, along the North Shore of Lake Superior and finishes in one of Duluth's tourism neighborhoods, Canal Park (Duluth). The same route is also taken during the North Shore Inline Marathon, held in September, drawing racers from all over the world. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1023x768, 192 KB) Summary Aaron Fulkerson - http://www. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1023x768, 192 KB) Summary Aaron Fulkerson - http://www. ... The Lester River in Duluth The Lester River, is a short tributary of Lake Superior, about 15 mi (24 km) long, in northeastern Minnesota in the United States. ... Grandmas Marathon is an annual road race held in late spring in Duluth, Minnesota, in the United States. ... Modern day marathon runners The word marathon refers to a long-distance road running event of 42. ... Two Harbors is a city located in Lake County, Minnesota. ... Lake County Road 61 is a county highway which runs from the intersection of Minnesota 61 Expressway and North Shore Scenic Drive in Two Harbors, Minnesota and follows the North Shore Scenic Drive to Duluth. ... Minnesota State Highway 61 is a state highway in Minnesota. ... Split Rock Lighthouse on North Shore of Lake Superior The North Shore of Lake Superior runs from Duluth, Minnesota, United States, at the southwestern end of the lake to Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada, in the north to Sault Ste. ... For the the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ... Both tourists and locals enjoy the Lakewalk Lake Walk in spring Canal Park is a tourist and recreation-oriented district of Duluth, Minnesota. ...


The Beargrease Sled Dog Marathon is Duluth's annual sled dog race organized in February and named after John Beargrease, the son of the Anishinaabe Chief Makwabimidem and one of the first mail carriers between Two Harbors, Minnesota and Grand Marais, Minnesota. He and his brothers carried mail by sled dog, boat, and horse for almost twenty years between the two towns, where there was no road. Competitors can choose between two distances; the longer 400-mile (644 km) course takes a round trip from Duluth to the Boundary Waters Canoe Area, and the 150-mile (241 km) course departs from Duluth and ends in Tofte, Minnesota. The marathon was first held in 1980 and is acknowledged as a training ground for the larger and more elite Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race. John Beargrease, born circa 1865 as the son of a minor Anishinabe chief by the name of Moquabimitem (Beargrease), is best remembered as the winter mail carrier between Two Harbors, Minnesota and Grand Marais, Minnesota during the last two decades of the nineteenth century. ... Anishinaabe or more properly Anishinaabeg or Anishinabek (which is the plural form of the word) is a self-description often used by the Odawa, Ojibwe, and Algonkin peoples, who all speak closely related Anishinaabemowin/Anishinaabe languages. ... Two Harbors is a city located in Lake County, Minnesota. ... A view of downtown Grand Marais, the harbor, and Lake Superior. ... The Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCA or BWCAW, sometimes casually referred to as the bee-dub) is a 1. ... Tofte Township is a township located in Cook County, Minnesota. ... Aliy Zirkles dog team on Anchorages Fourth Avenue at the start of the 2003 Iditarod. ...


The city is home to the Duluth Curling Club and the Duluth Yacht Club. For other uses, see Curling (disambiguation). ...


Government

Main articles: Duluth City Council and Neighborhoods of Duluth, Minnesota
See also: List of mayors of Duluth, Minnesota
St. Louis County Courthouse

The current mayor of Duluth is Don Ness. The city of Duluth, overlooking Lake Superior in the U.S. state of Minnesota has several distinct neighborhoods. ... This is a list of Mayors of Duluth, Minnesota. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... This is a list of Mayors of Duluth, Minnesota. ...


Duluth is located in Minnesota's 8th congressional district, represented by Jim Oberstar, a moderate DFLer, scoring 87% progressive on a range of issues.[13] Minnesotas 8th congressional district covers the northeastern part of Minnesota, and is currently represented by Jim Oberstar. ... James Louis Oberstar, usually known as Jim Oberstar (born September 10, 1934), is a United States politician. ... The Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL) was created on April 15, 1944 when the Minnesota Democratic Party and Farmer-Labor Party merged to create the DFL. Hubert H. Humphrey was instrumental in this merger. ... For other uses, see Progressivism (disambiguation). ...


In 2004, Duluth was center to a controversial legal battle between the City Council, local residents, and the ACLU. The debate and eventual lawsuit revolved around a marble fixture inscribed with the Ten Commandments which resided on the lawn of City Hall. The city eventually agreed to remove the fixture, and it now resides on private property near the Comfort Suites Hotel on Canal Park Drive. The American Civil Liberties Union, or ACLU, is a non_governmental organization devoted to defending civil rights and civil liberties in the United States. ... For other uses, see Ten Commandments (disambiguation). ...

The city was featured in the New York Times article "The Next Retirement Time Bomb",[14] because Duluth recently conducted a financial study of the health care benefits it has promised its retired city workers. It turned out that its future health care obligations would bankrupt the city government. Duluth is held in the article to be considered representative of many local governments that have not kept tabs on its future health-care obligations promised to retired workers. Duluth's own newspaper, the News Tribune, portrays prior mayor John Fedo, who was acquitted in a 1988 corruption trial while mayor, in an unflattering respect with regard to responsibility in this. Decades of local politicians have a hand in the matter, including former mayor Gary Doty, as unions are powerful in the area and winning their favor is a major factor in being elected. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 79 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 79 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Historic Central High School in the U.S. city of Duluth, Minnesota was built in 1892 of locally-mined brownstone at a cost of $460,000. ... John Fedo (born 1951) is an American politician from Duluth, Minnesota, and a former mayor of that city. ...


During the 2000 presidential election, Green Party candidate Ralph Nader received over 7.0% of votes from Duluth residents, one of the highest in the country for a city with a population of at least 85,000. Ralph Nader (born February 27, 1934) is an American attorney and political activist in the areas of consumer rights, humanitarianism, environmentalism and democratic government. ...


Education

Main article: List of schools in Duluth, Minnesota

Colleges and universities include the University of Minnesota Duluth, The College of St. Scholastica, Lake Superior College, Duluth Business University and Cosmetology Careers Unlimited. The University of Wisconsin - Superior and Wisconsin Indianhead Technical College are in nearby Superior, Wisconsin. Colleges, universities and K-12 education in Duluth, Minnesota // University of Minnesota Duluth College of St. ... The University of Minnesota Duluth (UMD) is a regional branch of the University of Minnesota System located in Duluth, Minnesota, USA. As Duluths public research university, UMD offers 12 bachelors degrees in 75 majors, graduate programs in 20 fields, a two-year program at the School of Medicine... The College of Saint Scholastica, is the only independent private college in northeastern Minnesota. ... Lake Superior College is located in Duluth, Minnesota. ... Duluth Business University is a 300+ student privately owned and operated Business School. ... The University of Wisconsin-Superior was founded in 1893 although its current name dates from 1971 when it became part of the University of Wisconsin system. ... Wisconsin Indianhead Technical College (WITC) is a two-year college with campuses located in Ashland, New Richmond, Rice Lake, and Superior, Wisconsin. ... The Fairlawn Mansion, a 42 room mansion built in 1890 by Superiors three-time mayor Martin Pattison, is now a museum Downtown Superior, Duluth is on the horizon. ...


Most public schools are administered by Duluth Public Schools. There are several independent public charter schools in the Duluth area not administered by District 709 with open enrollment. Charter schools are publicly funded elementary or secondary schools in the United States which have been freed from some of the rules, regulations, and statutes that apply to other public schools, in exchange for some type of accountability for producing certain results, which are set forth in each charter school...


Transportation

The Duluth area marks the northern endpoint of Interstate Highway 35, which stretches south to Laredo, Texas. U.S. highways that serve the area are U.S. Highway 53, which stretches from La Crosse, Wisconsin to International Falls, Minnesota and U.S. Highway 2 which stretches from Everett, Washington to St.Ignace in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Just south of the city is Thompson Hill, from which most of the city can be seen on I-35, including the Aerial Lift Bridge and the waterfront. There are two freeway connections from Duluth to Superior. U.S. Highway 2 provides a connection into Superior via the Richard I. Bong Memorial Bridge, and the other connection is I-535 and U.S. 53 co-signed over the John Blatnik Bridge. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 267 pixelsFull resolution (3175 × 1061 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 267 pixelsFull resolution (3175 × 1061 pixel, file size: 2. ... The John A. Blatnik Bridge is the bridge that carries Interstate 535 and U.S. Highway 53 over the Saint Louis River, which drains into Lake Superior, between Duluth, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin. ... The Fairlawn Mansion, a 42 room mansion built in 1890 by Superiors three-time mayor Martin Pattison, is now a museum Downtown Superior, Duluth is on the horizon. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 35 Interstate 35 (abbreviated I-35) is a north–south interstate highway in the central United States. ... Nickname: Location of Laredo in Texas Coordinates: , Country State County Webb Settled 1755 Government  - Type Mayor / City Manager  - Mayor Raul G. Salinas  - City Manager Carlos R. Villarreal Area  - City 84. ... Current U.S. Highway shield The United States Highway System is an integrated system of roads in the United States numbered within a nationwide grid. ... U.S. Highway 53 is a north-south United States highway that runs for 403 miles (649 km) from northern Minnesota to La Crosse, Wisconsin. ... Location in the state of Wisconsin Coordinates: , Counties Government  - Mayor Mark Johnsrud Area  - City 57. ... International Falls is a city in Koochiching County, Minnesota, United States. ... United States Highway 2 is an east-west United States Highway. ... County Snohomish Government  - Mayor Ray Stephanson Area  - City 123. ... Saint Ignace, usually written as St. ... The Upper Peninsula of Michigan is the northern of the two major land masses that comprise the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 35 Interstate 35 (abbreviated I-35) is a north–south interstate highway in the central United States. ... The Aerial Bridge in 1907 The Aerial Lift Bridge (earlier known as the Aerial Bridge or Aerial Ferry Bridge) is a major landmark in the port city of Duluth, Minnesota. ... United States Highway 2 is an east-west United States Highway. ... The Richard I. Bong Memorial Bridge (Bong Bridge) connects Duluth, Minnesota with Superior, Wisconsin via U.S. Highway 2. ... Interstate 535 (I-535) is a 2. ... U.S. Highway 53 is a north-south United States highway that runs for 403 miles (649 km) from northern Minnesota to La Crosse, Wisconsin. ... A multiplex or concurrency on a road network occurs where a single physical road carries two or more different highway, motorway or other road numbers. ... The John A. Blatnik Bridge is the bridge that carries Interstate 535 and U.S. Highway 53 over the Saint Louis River, which drains into Lake Superior, between Duluth, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin. ...

John Blatnik Bridge looking towards Duluth at night
John Blatnik Bridge looking towards Duluth at night

There are many state highways that serve the area as well. Highway 23 runs diagonally across Minnesota, indirectly connecting Duluth to Sioux Falls. Highway 33 provides a bypass of Duluth connecting I-35 to U.S. 53. Highway 61 provides access to Thunder Bay, Ontario via the breathtaking North Shore of Lake Superior. Highway 194 provides a spur route into the city of Duluth known as "Central Entrance" and Mesaba Avenue. Wisc. Hwy. 13 reaches along Lake Superior's South Shore. Finally, Wisc. Hwy. 35 runs along Wisconsin's western border for 412 miles (663 km) to its southern terminus at the Wisconsin - Illinois border (three miles north of East Dubuque). Image File history File linksMetadata Ryansinn-bongbridgeatnight. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Ryansinn-bongbridgeatnight. ... The John A. Blatnik Bridge is the bridge that carries Interstate 535 and U.S. Highway 53 over the Saint Louis River, which drains into Lake Superior, between Duluth, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin. ... Minnesota State Highway 23 is a state highway in Minnesota. ... Nickname: Motto: Gateway to the Plains Location in Minnehaha County and the state of South Dakota Counties (metropolitan area) Government  - Mayor Dave Munson Area  - City 178. ... Minnesota State Highway 33, also known as Trunk Highway 33 or TH 33, is a highway in Minnesota which serves as an important link connecting two of the states major north-south arteries. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 35 Interstate 35 (abbreviated I-35) is a north–south interstate highway in the central United States. ... U.S. Highway 53 is a north-south United States highway that runs for 403 miles (649 km) from northern Minnesota to La Crosse, Wisconsin. ... Minnesota State Highway 61 is a state highway in Minnesota. ... Nickname: Motto: Superior by nature Location of Thunder Bay, Ontario Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Region Northwestern Ontario District Thunder Bay District CMA Thunder Bay Settled 1679 as Fort Caministigoyan See histories of Port Arthur and Fort William Amalgamation 1 January 1970 Government [1][2]  - Type Municipal Government  - Mayor Lynn... Split Rock Lighthouse on North Shore of Lake Superior The North Shore of Lake Superior runs from Duluth, Minnesota, United States, at the southwestern end of the lake to Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada, in the north to Sault Ste. ... For the the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ... Minnesota State Highway 194 is a highway in northern Minnesota which runs from U.S. Highway 2 in Solway Township to Interstate 35 in downtown Duluth. ... A spur route in the United States Interstate highway system refers to a branch off of a primary interstate that connects with a destination away from the primary interstate. ... State Trunk Highway 13 (often called Highway 13, STH 13 or WIS 13) is a Wisconsin state highway running north-south across northwest and central Wisconsin. ... For the the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ... The South Shore of Lake Superior stretches from Superior, Wisconsin, USA at the southwestern end of the lake along the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to Sault Ste Marie, Michigan, USA in the east. ... State Trunk Highway 35 (often called Highway 35, STH 35 or WIS 35) is a Wisconsin state highway running north-south across western Wisconsin. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... East Dubuque is a city in Jo Daviess County, Illinois, United States. ...


Duluth International Airport serves the city and nearby Superior, Wisconsin. Duluth International Airport (IATA: DLH, ICAO: KDLH) is a public airport located just northwest of Duluth, Minnesota, serving the Duluth-Superior area including Superior, Wisconsin. ... The Fairlawn Mansion, a 42 room mansion built in 1890 by Superiors three-time mayor Martin Pattison, is now a museum Downtown Superior, Duluth is on the horizon. ...


Duluth is a major shipping port for taconite. The former Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range Railway, now Canadian National Railway operates taconite-hauling trains in the area. Duluth port facilities also handle substantial amounts of grain, limestone, dry bulk cement powder, rock salt, bentonite clay, wind turbine components, and a wide variety of oversized industrial machinery which require especially high and wide road and rail clearances to reach their destinations in the interior of North America. Duluth is also served by the BNSF Railway, the Canadian Pacific Railway, and the Union Pacific Railroad. For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ... Taconite is an iron-bearing, high-silica, flint-like rock. ... The Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range Railway (DM&IR) (AAR reporting mark DMIR) was a railroad operating in northern Minnesota and Wisconsin to haul iron ore and later taconite to the Great Lakes port of Duluth, Minnesota and Two Harbors, Minnesota. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... The word grain has several meanings, most being descriptive of a small piece or particle. ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cement (disambiguation). ... Sodium chloride, also known as common salt, table salt, or halite, is a chemical compound with formula NaCl. ... Bentonite - USGS Bentonite is an absorbent aluminium phyllosilicate generally impure clay consisting mostly of montmorillonite. ... This article is about the machine for converting the kinetic energy in the wind into mechanical energy. ... The BNSF Railway (AAR reporting marks BNSF), headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, is one of the four remaining transcontinental railroads and one of the largest railroad networks in North America (only one competitor, the Union Pacific Railroad, is larger in size). ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... Union Pacific redirects here. ...


The local bus system is run by the Duluth Transit Authority, which services not only the Duluth area, but Superior, WI, as well. The DTA runs a system of buses manufactured by Gillig. This article, image, template or category should belong in one or more categories. ... Railyard in the port of Superior Superior is the county seat of Douglas County, Wisconsin. ... Gillig Corporation, formerly Gillig Bros. ...


Duluth is also serviced by Greyhound Lines, with daily service to the Twin Cities, as well as Thunder Bay, ON, Wisconsin, Michigan, and the Iron Range. This article is about the US bus line. ... A map of the Twin Cities metropolitan area. ... Nickname: Motto: Superior by nature Location of Thunder Bay, Ontario Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Region Northwestern Ontario District Thunder Bay District CMA Thunder Bay Settled 1679 as Fort Caministigoyan See histories of Port Arthur and Fort William Amalgamation 1 January 1970 Government [1][2]  - Type Municipal Government  - Mayor Lynn... The Iron Range and Arrowhead are overlapping regions that make up the northeastern section of Minnesota in the United States. ...


Media

Main article: List of radio stations and television channels in Duluth, Minnesota

On March 8, 2005 the sale of Duluth's CBS affiliate was announced to Malara Broadcast Group of Sarasota, Florida. The group agreed to pay Granite Broadcasting Group, which already runs the NBC affiliate KBJR, to take over the operations for KDLH. The majority of the news staff of KDLH was dismissed. Radio stations and television channels in Duluth, Minnesota AM Radio Stations 560 - WEBC - The Fan Sports 610 - KDAL - News/Talk 710 - WDSM - Talk 850 - WWJC - Christian 970 - WGEE - ESPN Radio Sports 1230 - WKLK - Adult standards 1490 - KQDS-AM - True Oldies Oldies FM radio stations 87. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... Malara Broadcast Group of Sarasota, Florida, a Delaware corporation, also known as Malara Broadcasting, is a broadcasting holding company. ... Cà dZan - a 1925 Sarasota residence that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places Sarasota is a city located in Sarasota County on the central west coast of Florida, USA. Its official limits include Sarasota Bay and several barrier islands between the bay and the Gulf of... Granite Broadcasting Corporation is an African-American-owned broadcasting holding company which owns or operates (via local marketing agreements) 14 television stations in the United States, largely centered in the midwest with a cluster in New York state. ... This article is about the television network. ...


Local newspapers include the BusinessNorth monthly, the Duluth News Tribune, the Duluth Budgeteer News, and the free The Reader Weekly, the Transistor and the High Plain's Drifter. The Duluth News Tribune is a Knight Ridder newspaper in Duluth, Minnesota. ... The Duluth Budgeteer News (or known locally as The Budgeteer) is a newspaper in Duluth, Minnesota. ...


Religion

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Duluth (Latin: Dioecesis Duluthensis) is a Roman Catholic diocese in Minnesota. ... The Union for Reform Judaism (URJ), formerly known as the Union of American Hebrew Congregations (UAHC), is an organization which supports Reform Jewish congregations in North America. ...

Utilities

Duluth gets electric power from Duluth-based Minnesota Power, a subsidiary of ALLETE Corporation. Minnesota Power produces energy at generation facilities located throughout northern Minnesota, as well as at a generation plant in North Dakota. The latter supplies electricity into the MP system by the Square Butte HVDC line, which ends near the town. Square Butte is the designation of a high voltage direct current transmission line in the USA between centers in North Dakota and Duluth in Minnesota. ... HVDC or high-voltage, direct current electric power transmission systems contrast with the more common alternating-current systems as a means for the bulk transmission of electrical power. ...


Minnesota Power primarily uses western coal to generate electricity, but also has a number of small hydro-electric facilities, the largest of which is the Thomson Hydroelectric Dam just south of Duluth.


Sites of interest

The noted Glensheen Historic Estate, built by wealthy businessman Chester Adgate Congdon, can be found on the shore of Lake Superior and is open to tours year-round. The Aerial Lift Bridge, spanning the short canal into Duluth's harbor, is a vertical lift bridge. It was originally built as an exceedingly rare aerial transfer bridge. Historic Central High School towers over the harbor and features an 1890s classroom museum. The wreck of the Thomas Wilson, a classic early 20th century whaleback ore boat, lies underwater less than a mile outside the Duluth Harbor, the result of a collision. The USCGC Sundew (WLB-404) a former USCG Seagoing Buoy Tender is a museum ship along the Duluth waterfront, as is the 610' long William A Irvin Lake side view of Glensheen. ... Chester Adgate Congdon (June 12, 1853 – November 21, 1916), lawyer and capitalist, was born in Rochester, New York, on the 12th of June, 1853, his parents being Sylvester Laurentius and Laura Jane (Adgate) Congdon. ... For the the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ... The Aerial Bridge in 1907 The Aerial Lift Bridge (earlier known as the Aerial Bridge or Aerial Ferry Bridge) is a major landmark in the port city of Duluth, Minnesota. ... For other uses, see Canal (disambiguation). ... A lift bridge over the Erie Canal at Lockport. ... The Newport Transporter Bridge in Wales A transporter bridge (also ferry bridge or aerial transfer bridge) is a type of movable bridge that carries a segment of roadway across a river. ... The Historic Central High School in the U.S. city of Duluth, Minnesota was built in 1892 of locally-mined brownstone at a cost of $460,000. ... The Thomas Wilson was a whaleback freighter built in 1892 and used to haul bulk freight on the Great Lakes. ... The SS Meteor, the only remaining whaleback on earth, Superior, Wisconsin. ... USCG Buoy Tender Sundew WLB-404 The Sundew in Duluth The United States Coast Guard Cutter Sundew (WLB 404) is a 180 foot sea going buoy tender (WLB). ... The seagoing buoy tender is a class of small U.S. Coast Guard cutters that were designed to serve multiple missions in the Great Lakes and the oceans of the world. ... USS Wisconsin, one of three Iowa class battleships opened to the public as a museum, and was one of two Iowas maintained in the US Mothball fleet. ... The SS William A Irvin is a lake freighter which sailed as a bulk freighter on the Great Lakes as part US Steels lake fleet. ...

Great Lakes Aquarium Glensheen Historic Estate The Thomas Wilson Aerial Lift Bridge William A Irvin

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 253 pixelsFull resolution (5685 × 1795 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (2155 × 1438 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Great Lakes Aquarium is the only aquarium in the United States that focuses on freshwater exhibits. ... Lake side view of Glensheen. ... The Thomas Wilson was a whaleback freighter built in 1892 and used to haul bulk freight on the Great Lakes. ... The Aerial Bridge in 1907 The Aerial Lift Bridge (earlier known as the Aerial Bridge or Aerial Ferry Bridge) is a major landmark in the port city of Duluth, Minnesota. ... The SS William A Irvin is a lake freighter which sailed as a bulk freighter on the Great Lakes as part US Steels lake fleet. ...

Sister cities

Duluth has four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International (SCI):[15] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Petrozavodsk (Russian: ; Karelian/Finnish: Petroskoi) is the capital of the Republic of Karelia, Russia, with a population of 266,160 (2002 Census). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Växjö - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... ÅŒhara (大原町; -machi) was a town located in Isumi District, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. ... Map showing location of Isumi in Chiba Prefecture (as of 2006). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Superior by nature Location of Thunder Bay, Ontario Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Region Northwestern Ontario District Thunder Bay District CMA Thunder Bay Settled 1679 as Fort Caministigoyan See histories of Port Arthur and Fort William Amalgamation 1 January 1970 Government [1][2]  - Type Municipal Government  - Mayor Lynn... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area...

See also

  • Darling's Observatory
  • Duluth Model
  • List of people from Duluth, Minnesota
  • Neighborhoods of Duluth, Minnesota

Darlings Observatory was a private observatory built by Mr. ... The Duluth Model or Domestic Abuse Intervention Project was developed by Minnesota Program Development, Inc. ... The city of Duluth, overlooking Lake Superior in the U.S. state of Minnesota has produced several notable people: Greg Anderson - three time NHRA Pro Stock champion Mason Aguirre - a 2006 Winter Olympics snowboarding half-pipe team member Dorothy Arnold (Olson) - actress Maria Bamford - comedian and actress Bill Berry - former... The city of Duluth, overlooking Lake Superior in the U.S. state of Minnesota has several distinct neighborhoods. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ US Board on Geographic Names. United States Geological Survey (2007-10-25). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b c American FactFinder Population Estimates: Duluth city, St. Louis County. U.S. Census Bureau (2006-07-01). Retrieved on 2007-08-18.
  4. ^ Port of Duluth-Superior Propeller's Club annual Maritime Day celebration. Duluth Seaway Port Authority (1999-05-19). Retrieved on 2007-10-18.
  5. ^ Larry Copeland (2003-07-10). Little Chattanooga prepares to take on Atlanta in Fish War. USA TODAY. Retrieved on 2007-10-18.
  6. ^ Knott, J. Proctor & McCullogh, ed.), (David G. (June, 1971), "The Untold Delights of Duluth", American Heritage Magazine 22 (4), <http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/ah/1971/4/1971_4_76.shtml>
  7. ^ Macdonald, This is Duluth, p. 65.
  8. ^ a b Duluth, Minnesota. The Weather Underground, Inc. (wunderground.com). Retrieved on 2007-08-18.
  9. ^ Hisorical weather for Duluth, Minnesota USA. Retrieved on Aug 11, 2007.
  10. ^ Hibbs, James (December 2001). Unprecedented Population Growth Revealed by Census (PDF) 4, 9. Minnesota Planning, State Demographic Center. Retrieved on 2007-08-18.
  11. ^ Graffiti Graveyard
  12. ^ Lester Park Trail. City of Duluth Parks and Recreation Department. Retrieved on 2007-08-18.
  13. ^ Grossman, Joshua. ProgressivePunch Leading with the Left. All Issues. ProgressivePunch. Retrieved on 2006-11-02.
  14. ^ Freudenheim, Milt and Mary Williams Walsh. "The Next Retirement Time Bomb", The New York Times, The New York Times Company, 2005-12-11. Retrieved on 2007-08-18. 
  15. ^ Online Directory: Minnesota, USA. Sister Cities International. Retrieved on 2007-08-18.

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Frederick, Chuck (1994). Duluth: The City and the People. American & World Geographic Publishing. ISBN 1560370688. 
  • Macdonald, Dora Mary (1950). This is Duluth. Central High School Printing Department.
  • Duluth Lynchings Online Resource. Minnesota Historical Society (2003). Retrieved on 2007-08-18.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Minnesota Portal 

Duluth (Minnesota) travel guide from Wikitravel Image File history File links Portal. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

  • Duluth, Minnesota is at coordinates 46°47′13″N 92°05′54″W / 46.786938, -92.098195 (Duluth, Minnesota)Coordinates: 46°47′13″N 92°05′54″W / 46.786938, -92.098195 (Duluth, Minnesota)
 
Twin Ports, Minnesota-Wisconsin
Core cities
Duluth° (MN) · Superior° (WI)
Surrounding municipalities
(over 10,000)
Cloquet° (MN) 11,463
(under 10,000)
Carlton° (MN) · Hermantown° (MN) · Oliver (WI) · Parkland* (WI) · Proctor° (MN) · Scanlon° (MN) · Superior (WI) · Superior* (WI)
Counties
Carlton (MN) · Douglas (WI) · St. Louis (MN)
*town village °city §CDP

  Results from FactBites:
 
Seeing The Light - Duluth South Breakwater Lighthouses (2154 words)
The citizenry of Duluth was less than enamored with the seemingly constant cacophony, and lodged numerous complaints that the noise was making life unbearable as the sound echoed through the city streets and hills on which the city was built.
In reaction, a crew was dispatched to Duluth to relocate the horns to the roof and shrouded them with a large wood and iron parabolic reflector in an attempt to direct the sound out to sea, and away from the city.
Almost immediately, Duluth residents were "up in arms" at the noise emanating from the diaphone, writing letters to the editor of the local newspaper, the Chamber of Commerce, the US Bureau of Lighthouses, and even to Herbert Hoover, who was serving as that Secretary of Commerce at the time.
Duluth Minnesota & Superior Wisconsin Area Guide (639 words)
Duluth, MN Paddle next to anchored ocean freighters and the Aerial Lift Bridge: Friday 1-5, Sat, 9am-1pm, July 5-August 17.
Duluth, MN Carnival Thrillz, located in the middle of the scenic Canal Park tourist district, is the #1 destination for fun in Duluth and the surrounding area.
Duluth, MN A mountain of fun awaits the whole family at Vertical Endeavors, the North Shore's Premier Indoor Rock Climbing Facility.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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