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Encyclopedia > Duklja
Duklja according to De administrando imperio.
Duklja according to De administrando imperio.

Duklja/Дукля (Latin: Doclea or Diocleia) was a Slavic medieval state with hereditary lands roughly encompassing the territories of the Zeta River, Skadar Lake and the Boka bay and bordering with Travunia at Kotor. Duklja was at first a semi-independent part of the Grand Principality (Zhupanate) of Rascia (Raška) which was a vassal of the Eastern Roman Empire and later directly under Byzantine suzerainty until it won its independence in the mid-11th century, ruled by the House of Voislav (Vojislavljević). After a large fall, Doclea was incorporated into the unified Serbian state, where it remained until its last remains' falling to Ottoman hands. Image File history File links Principalities02. ... Image File history File links Principalities02. ... De Administrando Imperio is the commonly used title of a scholarly work from ca. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language. ... The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe. ... Zeta is a river in Montenegro. ... Skadar Lake (Serbian, Skadarsko jezero in Serbian), Lake Shkodër or Lake Shkodra (Albanian versions, Liqeni i Shkodrës in Albanian), also sometimes called Lake Scutari (Italian version Lago di Scutari in Italian), is a lake on the border of Serbia and Montenegro with Albania, the largest lake in the... Boka Kotorska (Bay of Kotor, Bocca di Cattaro) in Montenegro is a winding bay on the Adriatic sea. ... Travunia Travunja Travunians Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] This was a medieval principality located in todays Hercegovina and Southern Dalmatia. ... Coordinates Mayor Marija Ćatović Municipality area 335 km² Population  - city  - municipality 22,947 13,510 (incl. ... RaÅ¡ka (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... Look up vassal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Byzantine Empire (native Greek name: - Basileia tōn Romaiōn) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... The House of Vojislavljević was named a Slav ruler named Vojislav. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Söğüt (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah...

Contents


Name

Duklja was named after Dioclea (from Docleata, the ancient Illyrian tribe). Diocleia (Doclea - lost due to hyperioticization in the Roman period), located at present-day Podgorica (throughout the Middle Ages known as Ribnica). The City of Ciocleia was named by its founder, Roman Emperor Diocletian. Illyrians has come to refer to a broad, ill-defined group of peoples who inhabited the western Balkans (from northern Epirus to southern Pannonia) and even perhaps parts of Southern Italy in classical times into the Common era, and spoke Illyrian languages. ... Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a Area  - city  - municipality km² 1,399 km² Population  - city  - municipality 136,473 169,132 Time zone Summer Time CET (UTC +1) CEST (UTC +2) Founded 14th Century Latitude Longitude 42°47 N 19°28 E Area code +381 81 Car plates PG Official Website Podgorica... Roman Emperor is the term historians use to refer to rulers of the Roman Empire, after the epoch conventionally named the Roman Republic. ... Emperor Diocletian. ...


Geography

Doclea bordered the Byzantine Theme of Dyrrachion to the east, at the City of Bar and Travunia to the west. From the Skadar Lake at the east its territory sprang down the river of Zeta all the way to the river of Piva to the west. Afterwards, Skadar became the capital of the state until the end of the Middle Ages. The Royal Capital of Duklja was Ston. It had only three major settlements: Gradac (Old Budva, the ancient Serbian capital), Novi Grad and Lontodoclea. The most important City was Diocleia (after which the entire Archonty was named), but that city was in ruins by the 10th century from numerious invasions. Doclea was split on on Zhupanates, each with its own City: Lusca, Podlugiae, Gorsca, Cuceva with Budva, Cupelnich, Obliquus, Prapratna (between Bar and Ulcinj), Cermenica and Gripuli. Continental Doclea, or Submontana (Podgoria), which was between the rivers of Rama and Morača, was consisted of: Onogost, Moratia, Comerniza, Piva, Gerico, Netusini, Guisemo, Com, Debreca, Neretva and Rama. Ever since the 12th century, the term Zeta, a smaller geographical part of Doclea, started to replace the name of this Archonty. Bar is the major seaport of Serbia and Montenegro on the Adriatic Sea. ... Travunia Travunja Travunians Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] This was a medieval principality located in todays Hercegovina and Southern Dalmatia. ... Skadar Lake (Serbian, Skadarsko jezero in Serbian), Lake Shkodër or Lake Shkodra (Albanian versions, Liqeni i Shkodrës in Albanian), also sometimes called Lake Scutari (Italian version Lago di Scutari in Italian), is a lake on the border of Serbia and Montenegro with Albania, the largest lake in the... Zeta is a river in Montenegro. ... The Piva (Serbian Cyrillic: Пива) is the river in Montenegro, Serbia and Montenegro, shorther headwater of the Drina river, which it forms with the Tara river on the border with Bosnia and Hercegovina. ... Ãœsküdar, a district of Istanbul, was also known as Scutari. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Ston is a small town in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia, located at the south of isthmus of the Pelješac (Sabioncello) peninsula. ... Coordinates Mayor Rajko Kuljača Municipality area 122 km² Population  - city  - municipality 10,918 15,909 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded 5th Century B.C. Area code +381 86 Car plates BD Official Website http://www. ... Coordinates Mayor Rajko Kuljača Municipality area 122 km² Population  - city  - municipality 10,918 15,909 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded 5th Century B.C. Area code +381 86 Car plates BD Official Website http://www. ... Podlužje (Подлужје) is a small geographical region in Serbia. ... Coordinates Mayor Rajko Kuljača Municipality area 122 km² Population  - city  - municipality 10,918 15,909 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded 5th Century B.C. Area code +381 86 Car plates BD Official Website http://www. ... Bar is the major seaport of Serbia and Montenegro on the Adriatic Sea. ... Ulcinj (Serbian and Montenegrin: Ulcinj or Улцињ, Albanian: Ulqin, Italian: Dulcigno, Latin: Ulcinium or Olcinium) is a mainly Albanian inhabited coastal town and municipality of the Republic of Montenegro in Serbia and Montenegro. ... Lord Rama (center) with wife Sita, brother Lakshmana and devotee Hanuman. ... The Morača is a river that runs through the city of Podgorica, in the state of Montenegro. ... The Morača is a river that runs through the city of Podgorica, in the state of Montenegro. ... The Piva (Serbian Cyrillic: Пива) is the river in Montenegro, Serbia and Montenegro, shorther headwater of the Drina river, which it forms with the Tara river on the border with Bosnia and Hercegovina. ... Gacko is a town and municipality by the same name in southeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Shield of Nevesinje Nevesinje (Serbian Cyrillic: Невесиње) is a town and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in eastern Herzegovina between Mostar and Gacko. ... The Kom are one of the principal tribes of the North-West province of Cameroon, where traditional government institutions are very important. ... Debar (Macedonian: Дебар, Albanian: Dibra) located in western Macedonia near the city of Gostivar, and the border with Albania. ... River Neretva in Mostar, 2004 Neretva is a river in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. ... Lord Rama (center) with wife Sita, brother Lakshmana and devotee Hanuman. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ...


History

Early

Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitos' De Administrando Imperio from the mid-10th century mentions Doclea in the story of the province of Dalmatia: This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... Constantine and his mother Zoë. Constantine VII Porphyrogenitos (the Purple-born) (905 – November 9, 959) was the son of Byzantine emperor Leo VI and nephew of Alexander III famous for his two descriptive books, De Administrando Imperio and De Ceremoniis. ... De Administrando Imperio is the commonly used title of a scholarly work from ca. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... Map of Croatia with Dalmatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija Serbian: Далмација) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ...

Now, the said Croatia and the rest of the Slavonic regions are situated thus: Diocleia is neighbour to the forts of Dyrrachium, I mean, to Elissus and to Helcynium and Antibari, and comes up as far as Decatera, and on the side of the mountain country it is neighbour to Serbia.

It was one of the four southern Dalmatian Slavic principalities (Sclavinias). Although Slavs populated the regions of Dioclitia since as early as the 5th-6th century, the greater waves of Slavic migrants (traditionally classified as Serbs) came in the 630s by the White Serbs under the Unknown Archont. The land was given by the Byzantine Emperor Flavius Heraclius Augustus to settle and accept his supreme rule. During the Slavic intrusions, the City of Diocleia was mostly ransacked. Many were baptised during Emperor Heraclius' missions on baptising the Serbs by missionaries from Rome. Map of Croatia with Dalmatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija Serbian: Далмација) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ... The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe. ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби, Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... White Serbs were a Slavic tribe, which lived in the region around river Elbe (today in eastern Germany and western Poland) in the early medieval ages. ... The Unknown Archont The House of Vlastimirovic is named for Knez Vlastimir who was the great great grandson of the Unknown Archont who led the Serbs to the Balkans from White Serbia (modern day Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine) during the reign of Byzantine emperor Heraclius somewhere between 610 - 641. ... This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... Heraclius and his sons Constantine III and Heraklonas. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Location within Province of Rome in the Region of Latium Coordinates: Region Latium Porvince Province of Rome Mayor of Rome Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,285 km²  (496. ...


According to the legend, the Slavs came to the western Balkans under one ruling family. The legend continues the tale how the Slavic Realm was partitioned into two halves. One of the halves - Dalmatia - was further partitioned into two halves. The story tells of how Duklja was a part of Transmontana (yet another half) of one of those halves - Dioclea1. A legend (Latin, legenda, things to be read) is a narrative of human actions that are perceived both by teller and listeners to take place within human history and to possess certain qualities that give the tale verisimilitude. ... Map of Croatia with Dalmatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija Serbian: Далмација) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ...


In 732, Eastern Roman Emperor Leo III the Isaurian took the region of Doclea from the suzerainity of the Bishop of Rome Gregory III and gifted it to the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, Anastasius, thus quelling the previously dominant Latin culture and restoring the dominance Hellenism. The Latin language and culture remained only in the old coastal Romanized cities. The Principality of Doclea was subjected to the Grand Principality of Rascia, under Grand Prince Vlastimir of All Rascias, but kept endorsing its semi-independence. The Slavic pagans of Doclea were fully baptised together with all Serbs under Grand Princes Stefan and Petar in the 9th century. This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... :For homonyms, see Leo III Leo the Isaurian and his son Constantine V. Leo III the Isaurian (c. ... Christ Giving the Keys to Peter, fresco by Pietro Perugino, 1481–82, commissioned by Pope Sixtus IV, Sistine Chapel, Rome: the act upon which papal authority depends The Bishop of Rome is the bishop of the Holy See and is more commonly referred to as the Pope. ... Saint Gregory III, pope (731-741), a Syrian by birth, succeeded Gregory II in March 731. ... The Patriarch of Constantinople is the Ecumenical Patriarch, ranking as the first among equals in the Eastern Orthodox communion. ... Anastasius was the patriarch of Constantinople from 730 to 754. ... The Hellenistic period of Greek history was the period between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the annexation of the Greek peninsula and islands by Rome in 146 BC. Although the establishment of Roman rule did not break the continuity of Hellenistic society and culture, which... A principality is a monarchical feudatory or sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a Monarch with the title of prince or princess (a synonym is princedom) or (in the widest sense) a Monarch with another title within the generic use of the term prince. ... Prince Albert of Monaco on the left represents a principality where he wields administrative authority. ... Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... The title Grand Prince (Latin, Magnus Princeps; German, Großfürst, Finnish Suuriruhtinas, Swedish Storfurste, Lithuanian Didysis kunigaikÅ¡tis, Russian Великий князь Velikii kniaz) ranks in honour below Emperor and Tsar but higher than a sovereign Prince (Fürst) or Royal Prince. ... The House of Vlastimirović was named after Knez Vlastimir who was the great great grandson of the Unknown Archont who led the Serbs to the Balkans from White Serbia (modern day Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine) during the reign of Byzantine emperor Heraclius somewhere between 610 - 641. ... Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ...


Prince Ceslav of Klomir of the House of Vlastimir, last descendant of the Unknown Archont, created a Realm of Serbia and managed to excerpt control over more than 70% of Doclea's territory. The Byzantine enclaves of Kotor, Bar and Ulcinj had to pay taxes and sometimes were even governed by the Doclean rulers. The term prince (the female form is princess), from the Latin root princeps, when used for a member of the highest aristocracy, has several fundamentally different meanings - one generic, and several types of titles. ... Knez/Zupan Caslav Klonimirovic Vlastimirovic Ruler of Serbia (son of Klonimir, grandson of Strojimir). ... The House of Vlastimirović was named after Knez Vlastimir who was the great great grandson of the Unknown Archont who led the Serbs to the Balkans from White Serbia (modern day Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine) during the reign of Byzantine emperor Heraclius somewhere between 610 - 641. ... The Unknown Archont The House of Vlastimirovic is named for Knez Vlastimir who was the great great grandson of the Unknown Archont who led the Serbs to the Balkans from White Serbia (modern day Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine) during the reign of Byzantine emperor Heraclius somewhere between 610 - 641. ... First Serbian state was founded in 800s by House of Vlastimirović under the name of RaÅ¡ka; it has evolved into Serbian Kingdom and Empire under House of Nemanjić. In modern era it was an autonomous principality (1817–1878), independent principality and kingdom (1878–1918), part of the Kingdom of... Byzantine Empire (native Greek name: - Basileia tōn Romaiōn) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Coordinates Mayor Marija Ćatović Municipality area 335 km² Population  - city  - municipality 22,947 13,510 (incl. ... Bar is the major seaport of Serbia and Montenegro on the Adriatic Sea. ... Ulcinj (Serbian and Montenegrin: Ulcinj or Улцињ, Albanian: Ulqin, Italian: Dulcigno, Latin: Ulcinium or Olcinium) is a mainly Albanian inhabited coastal town and municipality of the Republic of Montenegro in Serbia and Montenegro. ...

Lead stamp of archont Petar (or Predimir) (9th century), the first known ruler of Duklja; The Holy Virgin Mary with the Christ Child (left) and inscription in Greek "+ Petar archont of Dioklia AMIN" (right).
Lead stamp of archont Petar (or Predimir) (9th century), the first known ruler of Duklja; The Holy Virgin Mary with the Christ Child (left) and inscription in Greek "+ Petar archont of Dioklia AMIN" (right).

The death of Prince Ceslav brought an opportunity for a more independent Doclea. In the middle of the 10th century, the Travunian Princes have fought long wars against Doclea's Ban. Eventually, Doclea was conquered and Travunia and Doclea were united under one ruling family. Folk tales call their rulers "Kings", when in fact, they were nothing more than mere Princes. "King" Predimir is the first known ruler - and he ruled his "Kingdom" from his capital at Onogošt. One tale is kept from his life: After the fall of the Bulgarian Czardom, Rascia was invaded by the Byzantines by Emperor John I Tzimiskes and his generals and Rassa was conquered. Rascia's Zhupan fled together with his sons Plenus and Radigrad and daughter Prechvala to exile to Onogost to Predimir. According to the tale, Predimir heavily fell in love with the beautiful Rascian princess Prechvala, and immediately conveined a council to arrange a political offer to the Rascian ruling house. Predimir was to marry Prechvala - while Rascia's Zhupan and his sons would become vassals under "King" Predimir's protection. Rascia's Prince and his sons agreed and swore an oath of loyalty to Predimir and his subjects. The newfound "King"'s relatives were given the territory of Tribessa as a marriage gift and established Radigrad as the honourary Zhupan of Onogost, while the new marriage was celebrated in a regal fashion. Predimir and his father-in-law instigated a rebellion in Rassa - ordering the inhabitants to kill their Byzantine overlords. After the Greeks in Rassa were executed, Predimir came with his family to Rassa and annexed it, restoring his son-in-law as the Grand Prince of Rascia, while his cousins received various Princely titles. Image File history File links Arhpetar. ... Image File history File links Arhpetar. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... Travunia Travunja Travunians Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] This was a medieval principality located in todays Hercegovina and Southern Dalmatia. ... Ban is a title of either Avar or Illyrian origin, the title was used in some states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century. ... The First Bulgarian Empire was founded in 681 AD in the lands near the Danube delta and disintegrated in 1018 AD by annexion to the Byzantine Empire. ... Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... Ioannes, protected by God and the Virgin Mary. ... Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ...


Predimir's sons from the marriage with Prechvala split his land after his death: the oldest son, Chlavimir ruled Zeta and the Zhupanates of: Lusca, Podlugiae, Gorsca, Cupelnich, Obliquus, Prapratna, Cermenica and Budva with Cuceva and Gripuli. Second son, Boleslav, got the Zhupanates of: Libomir, Vetanica, Rudina, Crusceviza, Vrmo, Rissena, Draceviza, Canali, Gernoviza. Dragoslav ruled in Zachlumia and got the following Zhupanates: Stantania, Papava, Yabsko, Luca, Vellica, Gorimita, Vecenike, Dubrava and Debre. The youngest son, Svevlad, ruled Submontana (Podgoria) and got the following Zhupanates: Onogost, Moratia, Comerniza, Piva, Gerico, Netusini, Guisemo, Com, Debreca, Neretva and Rama. The system of the Tetrarchy was adopted in the realm. Zeta was one of the first Montenegrin states in the Middle Ages. ... Podlužje (Подлужје) is a small geographical region in Serbia. ... Coordinates Mayor Rajko Kuljača Municipality area 122 km² Population  - city  - municipality 10,918 15,909 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded 5th Century B.C. Area code +381 86 Car plates BD Official Website http://www. ... VRM is an initialism for Voltage Regulator Module, an electronics component that supplies voltage to CPU of a personal computer (PC). ... Risan (Latin Rhizinium, Greek Rhizon) is the oldest settlement in the Bay of Kotor on the shores of the Adriatic sea in southern Montenegro, geographically located at 43°21′ N 18°42′ E. Lying in the innermost portion of the bay, the settlement was protected from the interior by inaccessible... Coordinates Mayor Dejan Mandić Municipality area 235 km² Population  - city  - municipality 12,739 33,034 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded 1382 as Sveti Stefan Area code +382 88 Car plates HN Official Website www. ... Zahumlje in the 9th century, according to De administrando imperio Zahumlje, also known as the Land of Hum and Chelm, was a medieval principality located in todays Herzegovina (modern day Bosnia and Herzegovina), and southern Dalmatia (modern day Republic of Croatia). ... Ston is a small town in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia, located at the south of isthmus of the Pelješac (Sabioncello) peninsula. ... Popovo (Попово, from поп, pop priest and the placename suffix -ovo, literally the priests village) is a town in eastern Bulgaria, part of Targovishte Province. ... Luka is a Prague Metro station on Line B. Category: ... Velika, a village and recreational centre on the southern slopes of Papuk Mountain in the PožeÅ¡ka Valley in Slavonia, 14 km north of Požega; elevation 275 m. ... Dubrava could mean any of the following: Dubrava is one of the largest neighbourhoods of Zagreb, Croatia. ... Dabar (Hebrew: used in the Hebrew Bible in referece to the Divine Word. Ha-Dabar Elohim The Word of God is used in the Christian sense as refering to Christ. ... The Morača is a river that runs through the city of Podgorica, in the state of Montenegro. ... The Piva (Serbian Cyrillic: Пива) is the river in Montenegro, Serbia and Montenegro, shorther headwater of the Drina river, which it forms with the Tara river on the border with Bosnia and Hercegovina. ... Gacko is a town and municipality by the same name in southeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Shield of Nevesinje Nevesinje (Serbian Cyrillic: Невесиње) is a town and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in eastern Herzegovina between Mostar and Gacko. ... The Kom are one of the principal tribes of the North-West province of Cameroon, where traditional government institutions are very important. ... Debar (Macedonian: Дебар, Albanian: Dibra) located in western Macedonia near the city of Gostivar, and the border with Albania. ... River Neretva in Mostar, 2004 Neretva is a river in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. ... Lord Rama (center) with wife Sita, brother Lakshmana and devotee Hanuman. ... The Tetrarchs, a porphyry sculpture sacked from a Byzantine palace in 1204, Treasury of St. ...


The tale continues telling about Predimir's brother, King Krešimir of Croatia discarding his crippled son Leghec and sending him away to Travunia, where his cousin Boleslav regionally ruled. Story tells how Leghec married a local servant, Lovizza, with whom he had seven sons. Predimir's four sons ruled the people ruthlessly without any mercy, so Leghec and his sons raised a rebellion and lead the people to a civil war, until every single one of Predimir's sons and grandsons were killed - from the youngest to the oldest - save Boleslav's son Sylvester, who managed to flee to Ragusa. According to the story, Leghec ruled together with his seven sons as a vassal of the Croatian King Kresimir from Traiectus in the Bay of Kotor, where he built himself a fortress and a court. The story goes on telling how God got angry on Leghec's ruling family because of this betrayel, so he crippled Leghec even more, both physicly and mentally - while infecting his sons with a pestileny disease. Very soon, the entire Leghec's family branch was extinct. Travunia Travunja Travunians Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] This was a medieval principality located in todays Hercegovina and Southern Dalmatia. ... The Republic of Ragusa was a maritime city-state centred on the city of Ragusa (also known as Dubrovnik) from the 14th century until 1808. ... Boka Kotorska (Bay of Kotor, Bocca di Cattaro) in Montenegro is a winding bay on the Adriatic sea. ...


The people returned Sylvester from Ragusa and enthroned him, restoring Predimir's dynasty. Sylvester ruled one-handedly the entire Tetrarchy with reverence and justice. He had a son, Tugemir, who succeeded him as Doclea's ruler, who was further succeeded by his own son, Chvalimir. Chvalimir divided the realm amongst his three sons: first-born Petrislav ruled Zeta, Dragomir ruled Travunia and Zachlumia, while the youngest, Miroslav, ruled over Transmontana (Podgoria). Miroslav died in the Lake of Skadar in a storm together with his entire crew, while travelling to visit his brothers on board a ship. Petrislav inherited his demesne - thus reunifying Duklja. After Petrislav died, he was buried in the Church of Prečista Krajina in the Frontier region. He was succeeded by his son, Vladimir. Zeta was one of the first Montenegrin states in the Middle Ages. ... Travunia Travunja Travunians Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] This was a medieval principality located in todays Hercegovina and Southern Dalmatia. ... Zahumlje in the 9th century, according to De administrando imperio Zahumlje, also known as the Land of Hum and Chelm, was a medieval principality located in todays Herzegovina (modern day Bosnia and Herzegovina), and southern Dalmatia (modern day Republic of Croatia). ... Jovan Vladimir (990 - 1016), one of the first rulers of Duklja. ...

Jovan Vladimir (990 - 1016), one of the first rulers of Duklja.
Jovan Vladimir (990 - 1016), one of the first rulers of Duklja.

Saint Jovan Vladimir fought the Arbanass tribes that menaced the eastern territories. Skadar was subsequently formalised as the heart of Duklja. The Bulgarian Tsar Samuil invaded Doclea and took the Prince as a prisoner. As a result of a subsequent marriage between Jovan Vladimir and the Bulgarian princess Kossara, Jovan Vladimir was allowed to return and rule as a Bulgarian vassal. After the successful plot of the last Czar of the Bulgarian Empire Ivan Vladislav, Jovan Vladimir's life was taken on 22 May 1016. Saint Jovan Vladimir expanded his pretensions greatly by also becoming the ruler of Tribalia and Serbia. Vladimir's seat was at Katrkol, below the Church of Precista Krajina. His remains were shifted from monastery to monastery until they were finally placed in the Monastery of Saint John in Elbesan in Albania. Image File history File links JovanVladimirSlika. ... Image File history File links JovanVladimirSlika. ... Jovan Vladimir (990 - 1016), one of the first rulers of Duklja. ... Events Construction of the Al-Hakim Mosque begins in Cairo. ... Events George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine- Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ... Jovan Vladimir (990 - 1016), one of the first rulers of Duklja. ... The Albanians are an ethnic group generally associated with Albania, Kosovo (nominally Serbia) including the PreÅ¡evo Valley, the Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, and also the Albanian language. ... Shkodër (Albanian: Shkodër or Shkodra, Serbian Skadar, Latin Scutari, German Skutari) is a city located in North West Albania, in the District of Shkodër and it is the capital of the County of Shkodër. ... Monomakhs Cap symbol of Russian autocracy, the crown of Russian grand princes and tsars Czar and tzar redirect here. ... Tsar Samuil of Bulgaria (c. ... The term prince (the female form is princess), from the Latin root princeps, when used for a member of the highest aristocracy, has several fundamentally different meanings - one generic, and several types of titles. ... Look up vassal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Tsar, (Bulgarian цар�, Russian царь; often spelled Czar or Tzar in English), was the title used for the autocratic rulers of the First and Second Bulgarian Empires since 913, in Serbia in the middle of the 14th century, and in Russia from 1547 to 1917. ... Motto: Bulgarian: (English: Unity Makes Strength[1]) Anthem: Mila Rodino (Dear Motherland) Capital Sofia Largest city Sofia Official language(s) Bulgarian Government Parliamentary democracy  - President Georgi Parvanov (BSP)  - Prime Minister Sergey Stanishev (BSP) Independence From the Ottoman Empire   - Founded 681   - Christianized 865   - Gained autonomy March 3, 1878   - Declared October 5... Ivan Vladislav was the ruler of Bulgaria from August or September 1015 to August or September 1018. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... Events George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine- Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ... Travunia Travunja Travunians Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] This was a medieval principality located in todays Hercegovina and Southern Dalmatia. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Formation and independence    - Formation of Serbia 814   - Formation of the Serbian Empire 1345   - Independence from the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878...


Duklja became a part of the Byzantine theme of Serbia (thema Servia) under strategos of Serbia Constantine Diogenes; while its rulers remained only titulary. John Vladimir was succeeded by his nephew Dragomir who rules as a vassal of the Byzantine Empire. He married the daughter of Ljutomir, the successor to the Rascian throne.


High Middle Ages, Voislav, Golden Age

The anarchic ages that followed the dawn of the 11th century were crucial for Duklja. The people of Kotor rebelled and lynched the Doclean Prince Dragomir in 1018, and the Byzantine forces occupied Doclea to restore order. Dragomir's son Dobroslav goes into poverty. Dobroslav acted twosome: he was constantly praising Byzantine rule and at the same time rousing up the people against the Emperor. As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Coordinates Mayor Marija Ćatović Municipality area 335 km² Population  - city  - municipality 22,947 13,510 (incl. ...

The Church of St. Mihailo in Ston from 1080, a foundation of King Mihailo Voislav.
The Church of St. Mihailo in Ston from 1080, a foundation of King Mihailo Voislav.

In 1034, Dobroslav, also called Stefan Voislav (Stefan Vojislav; the eponym of the House of Voislav), son of Dragomir, who was among the Serbian Travunian gentry, was elected to lead a movement to liberate the Serbs in the Adriatic coastlands. By the time of the rebellion, Voislav already had 5 sons with his wife, a cousin of Tsar Samuil. While Voislav was preparing for war, he played nice with the Byzantines, assuring them that he was their faithful subject. He gained the nickname "Stefan" from the Greek word Stephanos meaning "crowned" to resemble his independent power and proclaimed himself Achont of Serbs. In 1035 he led the Serbs into an uprising, but the Byzantines have quickly manage to impose peace terms. Voislav was taken hostage to Constantinople in the summer of 1036 and the uprising was quelled, and the task of occupying Duklja was given to Serbia's strategos Theophilos Erotikos. Voislav managed to escape imprisonment in 1037 and retake the land of the Serbs, where he withdrew to the mountains and maintained guerilla resistance with an ever-growing group of highlanders. There he started to attack and take over leadership among the neighbouring Serbs, Tribals ther tribes in the "Illyrian mountains" that recognized Byzantine supreme rule throughout 1038. He succeeded in pushing the fight to expel strategos Theophilos from Serbia and briefly create an independent territory from the Skadar lake to the Hum mountain, seated at Scutari. He also helped the neighbouring uprising of Slavs that quickly expanded from Belgrade across Naissus to Skopje led by Petar Delian, as well as the Tihomir's Slavic uprising in Dyrrachion. Those involved in the uprising even reached the ruins of Thebes on one occasion, so the Byzantines left Duklja untroubled for some time. Image File history File links Ston. ... Image File history File links Ston. ... Ston is a small town in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia, located at the south of isthmus of the Pelješac (Sabioncello) peninsula. ... Events William I of England, in a letter, reminds the Bishop of Rome that the King of England owes him no allegiance. ... Mihailo of the House of Voislav was the ruler of Duklja as Grand Prince (1050-1077) and King (1077-1082). ... Events April 11 - Empress Zoe of Byzantium marries her chamberlain and elevates him to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael IV. Franche-Comté becomes subject to the Holy Roman Empire. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The House of Vojislavljević was named a Slav ruler named Vojislav. ... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Travunia Travunja Travunians Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] This was a medieval principality located in todays Hercegovina and Southern Dalmatia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ... Uprising is another word for rebellion. ... Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Formation and independence    - Formation of Serbia 814   - Formation of the Serbian Empire 1345   - Independence from the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878... Skadar Lake (Serbian, Skadarsko jezero in Serbian), Lake Shkodër or Lake Shkodra (Albanian versions, Liqeni i Shkodrës in Albanian), also sometimes called Lake Scutari (Italian version Lago di Scutari in Italian), is a lake on the border of Serbia and Montenegro with Albania, the largest lake in the... Zahumlje Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] The Zahumljani (Zachlumoi) that now live there are en:Serbs, originating from the time of the prince (archont) who fled to emperor en:Heraclius [...] The... Shkodër (Albanian: Shkodër or Shkodra, Serbian Skadar, Latin Scutari, German Skutari) is a city located in North West Albania, in the District of Shkodër and it is the capital of the County of Shkodër. ... The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd ) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Serbia. ... Niš (Ниш, the Roman Naissus; see below) is a city in Serbia and Montenegro (formerly Yugoslavia), 43. ... Skopje is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Macedonia, as well as the political, cultural, economical and academic centre of the country. ... View of Durrës Durrës (historical names: Durazzo, Epidamnos, Dyrrhachium) is the most ancient and one of the most economically important cities of Albania. ... Two important places in antiquity were called Thebes: Thebes, Greece – Thebes of the Seven Gates; one-time capital of Boeotia. ...

Mihailo Voislav, the first recognized ruler of Duklja on a fresco in the Church of St. Michael in Ston: He was crowned as King of Slavs and became known as the Ruler of Tribals and Serbs during his reign.
Mihailo Voislav, the first recognized ruler of Duklja on a fresco in the Church of St. Michael in Ston: He was crowned as King of Slavs and became known as the Ruler of Tribals and Serbs during his reign.

The Byzantine Emperor Michael, while waiting in Thessalonika, was to receive a shipment of gold of 10 Kentenars from Southern Italia. One Galley accidentally crashed in Duklja's Bay in the winter of 103940. Its treasures were taken by the Voislav's men, which greatly enriched Duklja's economy. This incurred Michael's fury, as he sent Imperial Eunuch George Probat to crush Voislav's movement. The Eunuch's Army was caught in an ambush in the Doclean gorges in 1040 in an ambush and suffered a total defeat. Voislav's son Radoslav was glorified especially for killing a Byzantine military commander himself on the battlefield; prevented by Bulgarian Czar Delian's advancements in the central Balkans, the byzantines have made a pause in military offensives against Doclea. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (419x678, 40 KB) Summary Mihailo, King of Zeta Ston, a fresco in the Church of Saint Michael (Mihailo), about 1080 Mihailo of Zeta (1051-1081) received in 1077 the flag from Pope Gregory VII as the royal insignia and thereafter Duklja... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (419x678, 40 KB) Summary Mihailo, King of Zeta Ston, a fresco in the Church of Saint Michael (Mihailo), about 1080 Mihailo of Zeta (1051-1081) received in 1077 the flag from Pope Gregory VII as the royal insignia and thereafter Duklja... Mihailo of the House of Voislav was the ruler of Duklja as Grand Prince (1050-1077) and King (1077-1082). ... Ston is a small town in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia, located at the south of isthmus of the Pelješac (Sabioncello) peninsula. ... This is a list of the Emperors of the late Eastern Roman Empire, called Byzantine. ... The White Tower The Arch of Galerius Map showing the Thessaloníki prefecture Thessaloníki (Θεσσαλονίκη) is the second-largest city of Greece and is the principal city and the capital of the Greek region of Macedonia. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... A French galley and Dutch men-of-war off a port by Abraham Willaerts, painted 17th century. ... Byzantine Empire (native Greek name: - Basileia tōn Romaiōn) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... A eunuch can be either a castrated man or, in ancient terms, any man who is impotent with women for a wide variety of reasons. ... Byzantine Empire (native Greek name: - Basileia tōn Romaiōn) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Insignia of a United States Navy Commander Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. ... Battlefield may refer to: the location of a battle, the Battlefield televised documentary series, shown on the Discovery Channel, which explores battles of World War 2, the Battlefield Vietnam televised documentary series, shown on the Military Channel, which gives detail explanations of Vietnam War, (1945-1975), battles. ...


After quelling the Slavic uprising in Macedonia in 1041, the new Byzantine Emperor Constantine IX Monnomachos made a military attempt in 1042 with a grand army of 60,000 soldiers, led by the Commander of Dyrrachion, patricio Michael. The Emperor sent Michael with a lot of gold and silver to bribe the Rascians, Zachlumians and Bosnians against Doclea. The Army was advancing fast from Skadar to Bar. The Greeks raided the rich valleys of Lower Zeta, but they were attacked by the Serbs at the gorges at Sutorman. The Serbs, after initial successes, cornered the Greeks and slaughtered 40,000 soldiers and 7 strategoses (byzantine military commanders). The were throwing at the cornered Greeks from high peaks everything they had - from arrows to rocks. They chased others to the river of Drim, until they were allowed to leave the battlefield, but completly naked. The leader of the native byzantine-inspired coalition was Prince of Zachlumia and Travunia Ljutovid, that opposed Voislav's occupation of Travunia which he also claimed. After the Battle of Bar Voislav chose 50 captured Greeks and dispatched them to tell the tale, towards Zachlumia. Ljutovid was awaiting with his forces at Klobuk. He was attacked by Voislav's son Goislav and there were no major dificulties in defeating the demoralized Zachlumians. Gojislav and his two bodyguards killed Ljutovid in combat. After this, Voislav annexed most of Zachlumia (across Konavli up to Ston), became the undisputed ruler of the territory from Bojana to Neretva and even to Vojusa and expanded deeper inland, maintaining good relations with Bosnia and Rascia. The Slavic uprisings in Macedonia of Peter Delian who now crowned himself as Czar Peter II of Bulgarians stopped any possibility for another Byzantine military attempt against Duklja. Stephen Voislav's last actions were organizing a wedding of his son, whose Godfather was supposed to be the byzantine strategos of Ragusa, Katakalon. However, Voislav found out that the strategos was preparing to ambush him, Voislav ambushed Katakalon with his entire escort and imprisoned them. The Serbs captured even the War Galleys and led Katakalon with them as a personal Voislav's slave to Ston. Shkodër (Albanian: Shkodër or Shkodra, Serbian Skadar, Latin Scutari, German Skutari) is a city located in North West Albania, in the District of Shkodër and it is the capital of the County of Shkodër. ... Bar is the major seaport of Serbia and Montenegro on the Adriatic Sea. ... Eastern Orthodox Monks wearing klobuks. ... Zahumlje in the 9th century, according to De administrando imperio Zahumlje, also known as the Land of Hum and Chelm, was a medieval principality located in todays Herzegovina (modern day Bosnia and Herzegovina), and southern Dalmatia (modern day Republic of Croatia). ... Ston is a small town in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia, located at the south of isthmus of the Pelješac (Sabioncello) peninsula. ... County Dubrovnik–Neretva Area 14 335 km² Location Population 43,770 Mayor Dubravka Å uica Stradun, Dubrovniks main street Republic of Ragusa before 1808 The walled city of Dubrovnik Dubrovnik (Croatian with tone marks: Dùbrōvnik, stress on first syllable, IPA [ˈdÇ”.bro̞ːʋ.nik], Dalmatian, Latin, Italian, and former...


Around 1050 (as early as 1046 or as late as 1055) Voislav died, and was burried in the Church of Saint Andrews in his capital at Prapratna. He was succeeded by his son Mihailo. Mihailo immediately had to face a rebellion of the people in Travunia under Domanec and quelled it by force and installed his brother Saganek in 1052/4 as the new Prince of Trebinje. However, the legend tells how Dobroslav split his realm to all his five sons: Gojislav, Mihailo, Saganek, Radoslav and Predimir, with Gojislav as the eldest the head together with his mother and Voislav's wife, the relative of Czar Samuil, rulling together from Trebinje. In 1047-1050 the Travunian rebellion occured, when the rebels murdered Gojislav and Mihailo managed to take over leadership and defeat them. After the death of his mother, Mihailo took the Rascian Grand Princely title and moved Doclea's capital to Kotor. One of Michael's first actions were prolonging the vassalage with the Byzantine Empire. Mihailo married into the Imperial family (since his first wife had just died), by taking the hand of a niece of Emperor Constantine IX in 1052. The Romeii entitled him protospator, an honourary commander of the Imperial Guard. Doclea coezisted with the Eastern Roman Empire for 20 years. Mihailo, exarch of Serbs, ruled with an iron hand the area from neretva to Bojana, but loyally to the Byzantine Emperor. At 1054, the Great Schism occurs and Doclea becomes the most eastern borderland of the suzeiranity of the Roman Catholic Church. At 1055 Domanec deposed Saganec from Trebinje and killed other Mihailo's brother, Predimir, in the fights; Mihailo's yet another brother, Radoslav, attacked Trebinje and killed Domanek. As a reward Mihailo placed him as a Prince in Zeta (Doclea proper). In 1060-1074 Prince Michael Voislav made attempts to conquer Rascia, and implaced around 1070 his son Petrislav as the Prince of Serbian Zagorje (a small part of Bosnia and Rascia). Mihailo Voislav seeked allience with the Papacy for recognition of independence and an autocephalous Church, seeking the Flag (vexilium) as a sign of recognition of a Kingdom. The Pope only respnded by creating a Bishopric in Bar in 1067. When the Normans captured the Italian city of Bari from the Byzantines and Emperor Roman IV got caputed by the Seljuk Turks in 1071, Mihailo broke off diplomatic relations with the Empire and in 1072 dispatched his son Bodin and a squadron of 300 finest Serb fighters under Duke Petrilo to Skopje, to meet the rebel Slavic boyars under George Voiteh and in an effort to conquer Bulgaria from the Byzantines. At Prizren, (since the House of Vojislavic succeeded the extinct Bulgarian dynasty), Bodin was crowned Peter III, Czar of Bulgarians. The new Czar's military forces quickly took Skopje and Ochryd. Bodin's forces were soon split, as he advanced far from his Macedonian homeland in an offensive towards Naissus. King Mihailo Voislav used this moment and together with the Croats attacked the Dalmatian coastal cities and advanced through the Theme of Dyrrachion. Bodin lost Skopje, so he was retreating towards Doclea, but was assaulted and defeated the same year at Pantino on Kosovo and took to the monastery of Saint Serge and Bacchus in Constantinople as a prisoner, but byzantine governor Comnenus took him to Antioch in Syria later on. After the Macedonian rebellion was quelled, a new strategos was implaced in Dyrrachion - Nicephorus Briennes whose sole mission was to punish the Docleans and Croats. Nicephorus triumphed, even succeeded in taking a large number of hostages and Mihailo had to flee into hiding. The Byzantines slowly advanced, clearing the roads for their forces and kept large garrisons in the coastal Dalmatian cities. Mihailo had all of his sons from the first marriage executed during these grave times. All warring finally stopped in 1074, when Mihailo was able to retreive most that the Byzantines conquered after the return of Nicephorus to Dyrrachion. Mihailo of the House of Voislav was the ruler of Duklja as Grand Prince (1050-1077) and King (1077-1082). ... Travunia Travunja Travunians Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] This was a medieval principality located in todays Hercegovina and Southern Dalmatia. ... Trebinje (Serbian: Требиње) is the southern-most city in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in southeastern Herzegovina at 42°42′32″ N 18°19′18″ E. It is located in the Republika Srpska entity. ... Coordinates Mayor Marija Ćatović Municipality area 335 km² Population  - city  - municipality 22,947 13,510 (incl. ... Mosaic of Constantine IX and Empress Zoe Constantine IX Monomachus (c. ... The term Great Schism refers to either of two splits in the history of Christianity: Most commonly, it refers to the great East-West Schism, the event that separated Eastern Orthodoxy and Western Roman Catholicism in the eleventh century (1054). ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Zeta or ZETA can refer to: Zeta (letter), of the Greek alphabet Science: Zeta functions, in mathematics Riemann zeta function Tropical Storm Zeta (2005), formed in December 2005 and lasted through January 2006 Z-pinch, in fusion power Geography: Zeta (Mexico), a magazine from Tijuana, Mexico Zeta (state), a medieval... In politics, a country (or in some cases, a group of countries) over which a king or queen reigns, is a kingdom, see: monarchy. ... In some Christian churches, the diocese is an administrative territorial unit governed by a bishop, sometimes also referred to as a bishopric or episcopal see, though more often the term episcopal see means the office held by the bishop. ... Bar is the major seaport of Serbia and Montenegro on the Adriatic Sea. ... Constantin Bodin (Peter III) was the Czar of Bulgaria in 1072; the last ruler of the House of Comitopuli. ... View of Prizren Prizren (Albanian Prizren/Prizreni, Serbian: Призрен/Prizren) is a historical city located in a United Nations-administered territory of Kosovo, but factually under the Provisional Self-Government) at 42. ... Skopje is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Macedonia, as well as the political, cultural, economical and academic centre of the country. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ...


In 1077 Mihailo Voislav captured Ragusa. The same year he was crowned King of Slavs by emissaries of Pope Gregory VII, accepting the supreme rule of the Papacy. Mihailo soon raised the little Church of Saint Michael in Ston - as a component part of his Royal seat, where he depicted himself with a Papal crown on a fresco. His realm was known as the Kingdom of Serbia, and Mihailo wore the title Ruler of Tribals and Serbs. Ever since Duklja's expansion into Croatia in which the Doclean forces raided as far as Knin, the full ruling title was King of Doclea and Dalmatia. King Mihailo Voislav always had desires for an autocephalous Church. The highest faction in his Kingdom was the Bishopric of Ragusa - which was subjected in turn to the Archbishopric of Spalato, which was outside of his realm. Mihailo went into a resque mission with the help of several bribed Venetian traders in 1078 and liberated his son. Mihailo Voislav started to negoriate with the Normans in South Italia - sworn enemies of the Byzantines, and managed to marry his son Constantine Bodin to a Norman Princess - Janquinta Argyritzes in October of 1080. County Dubrovnik–Neretva Area 14 335 km² Location Population 43,770 Mayor Dubravka Å uica Stradun, Dubrovniks main street Republic of Ragusa before 1808 The walled city of Dubrovnik Dubrovnik (Croatian with tone marks: Dùbrōvnik, stress on first syllable, IPA [ˈdÇ”.bro̞ːʋ.nik], Dalmatian, Latin, Italian, and former... YOU ARE NOT LOGGED IN. YOUR COMPUTER WILL SHUT DOWN IN 5 SECONDS. PLEASE STAND BY. ... The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... Ston is a small town in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia, located at the south of isthmus of the Pelješac (Sabioncello) peninsula. ... First Serbian state was founded in 800s by House of Vlastimirović under the name of RaÅ¡ka; it has evolved into Serbian Kingdom and Empire under House of Nemanjić. In modern era it was an autonomous principality (1817–1878), independent principality and kingdom (1878–1918), part of the Kingdom of... Ādivāsīs (आदिवासी) or tribal peoples comprise a substantial minority of the population of India. ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби, Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Knin is a historical town in the Å ibenik-Knin county of Croatia, located near the source of the river Krka at , , in the Dalmatian hinterland, on the railroad Zagreb–Split. ...

The map of the Kingdom of Duklja under King Constantin Bodin.
The map of the Kingdom of Duklja under King Constantin Bodin.

This period was useful for Duklja. While its eastern borders were used as a demarcational zone between the Pope and the Ecumenical Patriarch, the rulers of Duklja used the Latin side to gain independence from the Byzantine, but enforced Eastern-rite and schismatic Orthodoxy so as not to be controlled by the Catholic west. Throughout the 11th century Doclea's population were classified as being Serbs. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (607x848, 90 KB) Summary Map of Konstantin Bodins Duklja. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (607x848, 90 KB) Summary Map of Konstantin Bodins Duklja. ... In politics, a country (or in some cases, a group of countries) over which a king or queen reigns, is a kingdom, see: monarchy. ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Constantin Bodin (Peter III) was the Czar of Bulgaria in 1072; the last ruler of the House of Comitopuli. ... The current Pope is Benedict XVI (born Joseph Alois Ratzinger), who was elected at the age of 78 on 19 April 2005. ... The Patriarch of Constantinople is the Ecumenical Patriarch, the first among equals in the Eastern Orthodox Communion. ... Eastern Christianity refers collectively to the Christian traditions and churches which developed in Greece, the Balkans, the rest of Eastern Europe, Asia Minor, the Middle East, northeastern Africa and southern India over several centuries of religious antiquity. ... Orthodox Christianity is a generalized reference to the Eastern traditions of Christianity, as opposed to the Western traditions (which descend through, or alongside of, the Roman Catholic Church) or the Eastern Rite Catholic churches. ...


Constantin Bodin inherited his father's Doclean-Dalmatian kingdom in 1081 at the age of 25. He was a son-in-law of the Guy of Normandy Robert Guiscard. Bodin ruled unitarily with an iron hand, abolishing the old patriarchal tradition of each single ZHupan rulling his own demesne or joint reigns of an entire family. He came with an army in Byzantine aid to Dyrrachion which was being attacked by the Normans, and his squadrons, allied by the Albanians, menaced the Norman landings. Bodin's assistence was asked by both warring parties, but the Venetians' allience with the Byzantines made him make up his mind. Although, King Bodin remained neutral in the finaly battle on 18 October 1081, seeing the imminent victory of the Normans. Doclea was free of revenge, as the Normans invaded Epirus, Thessaly and Macedonia. King Bodin aided the Normans in their warring, although not directly. Around this time he invaded and annexed neighbouring Rascia and Bosnia; implacing courtirs Prince Stefan as the rule of Bosnia and his nephews Marko and Vukan as Zhupans of Rascia. The Normans retreated in 1085, which renewed hostilities against the Byzantines. Around this time King Bodin managed to take Dyrracion, but managed to hold it only for a short time. Constantine Bodin was a great supporter of Pope Urban II's fights against the self-proclaimed anti-Pope Clement III in 1089, so the Pope rewarding him by giving the finally long-awaited ecclesiastical autonomy to the Serbian people by elevating the Bishopric of Bar on 8 January 1089 to an Archbishopric, which included Serbia (Rascia+Doclea), Bosnia and Travunia (Bodin's uncle Radoslav, prince of Zachlumia, had died by 1089 and Zachlumia lost). Bar, Kotor and Ulcinj were taken away from the juristicion of the Archbishopric of Ragusa - as a compensation since the Kingdom of Doclea had just lost Ragusa to the Normans. Svac, Skadar, Drivast and Pilot were gripped from the Archbishopric of Dyrrachion - which caused the City's strategos John Ducas (Emperor Alexios' son-in-law) to attack Bodin and imprison him for the second time. Constantin Bodin (Peter III) was the Czar of Bulgaria in 1072; the last ruler of the House of Comitopuli. ... Mont Saint Michel, one of the famous symbols of Normandy. ... Robert Guiscard (i. ... Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... Approximate borders between Bosnia (marked light) and Herzegovina (marked dark) Historically and geographically, the region known as Bosnia (natively Bosna/Босна) comprises the northern part of the present-day country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Urban II, né Otho of Lagery (or Otto or Odo) (1042 – July 29, 1099), was a Pope from 1088 to July 29, 1099. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Northumbria divided by the Normans into the counties of Northumberland, County Durham, Yorkshire, Westmorland and Lancashire August 11, powerful Britain Coronation of Rama Varma Kulasekhara in Kerala Synod of Melfi under Pope Urban II imposes slavery on the wives of priests Palmyra destroyed by earthquake Byzantine conquest of Crete... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop heading a diocese of particular importance due to either its size, history, or both, called an archdiocese. ... County Dubrovnik–Neretva Area 14 335 km² Location Population 43,770 Mayor Dubravka Å uica Stradun, Dubrovniks main street Republic of Ragusa before 1808 The walled city of Dubrovnik Dubrovnik (Croatian with tone marks: Dùbrōvnik, stress on first syllable, IPA [ˈdÇ”.bro̞ːʋ.nik], Dalmatian, Latin, Italian, and former...


Radoslav's (Bodin's uncle) son Branislav, the new Prince of Zeta, took over leadership of a rebellion in Doclea in Bodin's absence. It took some time until he was appeased and accepted the authority of Bodin, after his return. In Bodin's absence, Queen Jaquinta had Branislav imprisoned for life and took his descendents, the Branislavljevic branch of the royal family, under her tutelage. In Bodin's absence, Bosnia, Rascia and Zachlumia all seceded from Doclean control. Emperor Alexios kept Bodin caged longer even beyond 1091, as he was a afraid of his connections with the Cumans, his sworn enemies that were just jeoperdizing his Empire. When Constantine Bodin returned to the throne, immeadiately he went into a war with his cousin Prince Vukan of Rascia against the Byzantines. The tactics of scortched earth were utilized in this war. In the winter of 1096/7 an Army of Crusaders passed through Duklja under Count Raymond IV of Toulouse during the Crusade of 1101. King Bodin guested Raymond in his court in Skadar, where they befriended each other and even enbrothered themselves (this is the first occasion of enbrotherment among the South Slavs). Even in regards to this special freindhip, conflicts between the Crusaders and the population were frequent up their arrival to Dyrrachion. Queen Jaquinta convinced King Bodin that his brothers-by-uncle Branislav and Gradislav are traitors. Bodin had Branislav executed and when he found out that Gradislav excaped to Dubrovnik, he attacked it, conquered it and beheaded Gradislav and his son Berinja. Bodin constructed a tower in Ragusa to bolster its defences. King Constantine Bodin, Archont of Serbs, died in 1101; he was burried in the Church of Saint Serge and Bacchus near Skadar. The people didn't want Jaquinta's children (Mihailo, Djordje, Arcisius Tomas, Markus), so he was succeeded by his legendary half-brother from Mihailo Voislav's first marriage, Dobroslav II, and the elected heir Mihailo deposed. Cumans, also called as Polovtsy, (Russian Половцы, from old Slavic for pale yellowish) was the European name for the Western Kipchaks, a nomadic West Turkic tribe living on the north of the Black Sea along the Volga. ... This article is about historical Crusades . ... Raymond IV of Toulouse (c. ... The Crusade of 1101 was a minor crusade, actually three separate movements, organized in 1100 and 1101 in the successful aftermath of the First Crusade. ... Dobroslav II was King of Duklja 1101-1102. ...


Dobroslav III's reign was filled with dynastic intrigues in the court of Scutari. His cousin Kočapar of Branislav's branch goes to Rascia, where he is organizing the opposition. King Dobroslav II recognized Byzantine suzeiranity in fear of Kocopar's wrath. Grand Prince Vukan of Rascia eventually invaded Doclea and during the Battle of the Morača river captured him and took him into slavery to Rascia in 1102. Kočapar became the new King as a vassal of Rascia. King Kočapar didn't like Rascian supremacy and Rascia was starting to take over leadership over the Serbian lands - and this Kočapar couldn't handle. He married the daughter of the Bosnian Ban and made an anti-Rascian allience in an attempt to retake the leadership. Vukan expelled him from Doclea as a punishment and implaced his cousin Vladimir in his place in 1103. Kočapar invaded Zachlumia, where he died fighting in futile. Vladimir became a son-in-law of the Rascian Grand Prince Vukan and ruled in a friendship with Rascia for almost 12 years. As a result, Vukan releases old King Dobroslav II and lets him peacefully return to Doclea. Queen Jaquinta assassinates King Vladimir and old King Dobroslav II in 1114 and implaced her son George. His cousin Grubeša assembled a Byzantine Army in Dyrrachion and ruled Doclea as a Prince since 1118, exiling him to Rascia and ruling in Byzantine name. Old Queen Jaquinta is captured by the Byzantines in Kotor and taken into life imrisonment to Constantinople. In 1125 old King George led the Rascian forces and defeated Grubesa at the battle of Bar, returning to the Doclean throne, although he had to split large portions of Doclean territory amongst his cousins. In 1126 and 1127 King George intervienes in Rascia and returns his friend, Zhupan Urosh, to power. To consolidate his power, George arrested and blinded to of his cousins that were pretenders to the throne, which united the 6 remaining pretenders to convince a Byzantine intervention from Dyrrachion in 1131, when he was taken to life imprisonment to Constantinople and implaced King Gradihna as a Byzantine vassal. George continued a guerrilla resistence until he died wandering across Dyrrachion to Constantinople later that same year. Gradihna died in 1146 and was succeeded by his son, Prince Radoslav. Doclea's regal title was finally lost together with its prestige and it downgraded back to a Principality. Grand Prince Uros II of Rascia invaded Doclea and occupied about two thirds of the territory; with Byzantine help Prince Radoslav pushed the Serbian forces across the mountains and won a deceisive victory against the combined Serbian-Hungarian army at the Battle of Tara river in 1150. He lost to Serbian Prince Desa large parts of his territory at the very beggining of his reign in 1148, and his entire realm upon his death in 1162 Dobroslav III was King of Duklja in 1102. ... Kočapar or Kočopar was a Monarch or Duklja 1102 - 1103. ... The Morača is a river that runs through the city of Podgorica, in the state of Montenegro. ... Vladimir was a King of Duklja 1103 - 1113. ... George was a King of Duklja in 1113 - 1118. ... GrubeÅ¡a was the prince and ruler of Duklja and Antivari from 1118-1125. ...


Late, Rascian

The Byzantines gave numerous lands of the Grand Principality of Rascia to Stracimir, son of Prince Zavida of Zahumlje, who ruled in the name of his oldest brother, Grand Prince Tihomir of Rascia as a vassal of the Byzantine Empire since 1166. The majority of Duklja was included in his lands. Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ... Prince Albert of Monaco on the left represents a principality where he wields administrative authority. ... Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... The term prince (the female form is princess), from the Latin root princeps, when used for a member of the highest aristocracy, has several fundamentally different meanings - one generic, and several types of titles. ... Zahumlje Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] The Zahumljani (Zachlumoi) that now live there are en:Serbs, originating from the time of the prince (archont) who fled to emperor en:Heraclius [...] The... The title Grand Prince (Latin, Magnus Princeps; German, Großfürst, Finnish Suuriruhtinas, Swedish Storfurste, Lithuanian Didysis kunigaikÅ¡tis, Russian Великий князь Velikii kniaz) ranks in honour below Emperor and Tsar but higher than a sovereign Prince (Fürst) or Royal Prince. ... Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... Byzantine Empire (native Greek name: - Basileia tōn Romaiōn) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... // Events Marko III succeeds Yoannis V as patriarch of Alexandria. ...


Out of Diocleia Ribnica arose, which was the birthplace of Prince Stracimir's brother, Prince Nemanya, another of the sons of Prince Zavida of Zahumlje. Up to 1168 Nemanja ascended to the throne as Grand Prince of Rascia after he defeated Tihomir. Stracimire initially supported Tihomir in the fight, but drew back as soon as Tihomir started to lose. Image:Simeon. ... The term prince (the female form is princess), from the Latin root princeps, when used for a member of the highest aristocracy, has several fundamentally different meanings - one generic, and several types of titles. ... Zahumlje Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] The Zahumljani (Zachlumoi) that now live there are en:Serbs, originating from the time of the prince (archont) who fled to emperor en:Heraclius [...] The... // Events December 22 - Afraid that Old Cairo would be captured by the Crusaders, its Caliph orders the city set afire. ... Image:Simeon. ... The title Grand Prince (Latin, Magnus Princeps; German, Großfürst, Finnish Suuriruhtinas, Swedish Storfurste, Lithuanian Didysis kunigaikÅ¡tis, Russian Великий князь Velikii kniaz) ranks in honour below Emperor and Tsar but higher than a sovereign Prince (Fürst) or Royal Prince. ... Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ...


Stracimir's other brother, Prince Miroslav of Zahumlje had to call off his military expeditions against Korčula and Vis, because of the losing war against the Republic of Dubrovnik in 1184 in which Stracimir offered military assistance. Miroslav eventually drew from the war, while Stracimir didn't want to advance alone, so abandoned the conquest of the Republic too. Stracimir got the job to take the islands Korčula and Vis in 1185. The smaller part of his force managed to raid heavily Vis. Stracimir's galleys landed his forces on Korčula and took the island, but did not manage to control it, so they raided the island's fertile regions on the western part. The inhabitants of Korčula hailed the Dubrovnik Republic for assistance and it managed to capture all of Stracimir's galleys. Prince Stracimir managed to sign an agreement with the island's inhabitants: he guaranteed that the island will have autonomy, separated from Zahumlje; while the islanders agreed to help his forces set sail back to the mainland. The term prince (the female form is princess), from the Latin root princeps, when used for a member of the highest aristocracy, has several fundamentally different meanings - one generic, and several types of titles. ... Zahumlje Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] The Zahumljani (Zachlumoi) that now live there are en:Serbs, originating from the time of the prince (archont) who fled to emperor en:Heraclius [...] The... Coat of arms Korčula (Italian Curzola, Latin Corcyra Nigra, Greek Korkyra Melaina, Old-Slavic: Krkar) is an island in the Adriatic Sea, in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia. ... Vis can refer to: Vis, a type of Polish handgun, after the Polish word for power in Latin Vis, an island in the Adriatic Vis, town and municipality on the aforementioned island See also: VIS This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... The Republic of Dubrovnik, also known as the Republic of Ragusa, was a maritime city-state that was based in the city of Dubrovnik from the 14th century until 1808. ... // Events Abbeville receives its commercial charter. ... Coat of arms Korčula (Italian Curzola, Latin Corcyra Nigra, Greek Korkyra Melaina, Old-Slavic: Krkar) is an island in the Adriatic Sea, in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia. ... Vis can refer to: Vis, a type of Polish handgun, after the Polish word for power in Latin Vis, an island in the Adriatic Vis, town and municipality on the aforementioned island See also: VIS This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Events April 25 - Genpei War - Naval battle of Dan-no-ura leads to Minamoto victory in Japan Templars settle in London and begin the building of New Temple Church End of the Heian Period and beginning of the Kamakura period in Japan. ... Vis can refer to: Vis, a type of Polish handgun, after the Polish word for power in Latin Vis, an island in the Adriatic Vis, town and municipality on the aforementioned island See also: VIS This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Coat of arms Korčula (Italian Curzola, Latin Corcyra Nigra, Greek Korkyra Melaina, Old-Slavic: Krkar) is an island in the Adriatic Sea, in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia. ... Coat of arms Korčula (Italian Curzola, Latin Corcyra Nigra, Greek Korkyra Melaina, Old-Slavic: Krkar) is an island in the Adriatic Sea, in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia. ... The Republic of Dubrovnik, also known as the Republic of Ragusa, was a maritime city-state that was based in the city of Dubrovnik from the 14th century until 1808. ... Zahumlje Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] The Zahumljani (Zachlumoi) that now live there are en:Serbs, originating from the time of the prince (archont) who fled to emperor en:Heraclius [...] The...


Although Prince Stracimir was the factual ruler of Duklja, Prince Mihailo of the old ruling Voislav family and Stefan Nemanja's nephew remained as the titulary ruler. After Stracimir's passing away, Mihailo had claims to rule Duklja in the name of the Byzantine Emperor, rather then the Serbian Duke. In 1186, while Stefan Nemanja was at war with the Byzantine Empire, he went on a military campaign to incorporate Duklja into his realm. He besieged Bar which was under the leadership of the local Archbishop, Grgur. Grgur wrote the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja in 1172-1196 to boost the morale of the people, attempting first to keep Duklja independent, and then only to mark its former glory. He predicted the return of the old regal power in Duklja, but his hopes were all in vain. Stefan Nemanja demanded 800 perpers of ransom to abandon the siege of Bar, while Prince Mihailo of Duklja was under attack by Nemanja's brothers. Stefan Nemanja gave Duklja in 1186 to his oldest son, Vukan, who asserted to power with the old regal title of King of Duklja and Dalmatia. In 1189, Prince Mihailo died and his Princess Desislava escaped with the remaining loyal nobility of Duklja and the Archbishop of Bar in her two ships to the Republic of Dubrovnik. Desislava then moved to Omis, where she died. Archbishop Grgur was exiled and his post temporarily aboloshed after Nemanja's capture of Bar, so he continued his chronicles in exile. Image:Simeon. ... Events John the Chanter becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Image:Simeon. ... Bar is the major seaport of Serbia and Montenegro on the Adriatic Sea. ... The Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja (Presbyter Diocleas), also known as Slavonic Kingdom (Sclavorum Regnum), is a medieval chronicle originally written by a Catholic priest from Dioclea (modern Bar) around 1172-1196. ... Events Duke Richard of Aquitaine becomes Duke of Poitiers. ... Events Spring, London, popular uprising of the poor against the rich led by William Fitz Osbern. ... Map of Croatia with Dalmatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija Serbian: Далмација) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ... Events January 21 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade September 3- Richard I of England is crowned as king of England. ... The Republic of Dubrovnik, also known as the Republic of Ragusa, was a maritime city-state that was based in the city of Dubrovnik from the 14th century until 1808. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


Vukan of Nemanya maintained good relations with the Papacy, as he married the Pope's relative and accused Bosnia's Ban Kulin of heresy to the Pope. Vukan was enraged that he didn't inherit from Stefan Nemanja the Grand Princely throne which was contrary to the traditional system of primogeniture, so he rebelled against the new Grand Prince Stephen II the First-crowned of Nemanya with the help of the Dukljan nobility and managed to assess to the Grand Princely throne in 1202, but was deposed in 1204 by Stephen II with Bulgarian assistance. Vukan withdrew to Duklja where he continued to rule and kept fighting the Grand Prince. Nemanjić dynasty insignia Nemanjić (Serbian Немањић; in English formerly Nemanjid) was a medieval Serbian ruling dynasty. ... The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... The current Pope is Benedict XVI (born Joseph Alois Ratzinger), who was elected at the age of 78 on 19 April 2005. ... Approximate borders between Bosnia (marked light) and Herzegovina (marked dark) Historically and geographically, the region known as Bosnia (natively Bosna/Босна) comprises the northern part of the present-day country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... First written document attributed to Kulin, 1189. ... Heresy, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, is a theological or religious opinion or doctrine maintained in opposition, or held to be contrary, to the Catholic or Orthodox doctrine of the Christian Church, or, by extension, to that of any church, creed, or religious system, considered as orthodox. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The title Grand Prince (Latin, Magnus Princeps; German, Großfürst, Finnish Suuriruhtinas, Swedish Storfurste, Lithuanian Didysis kunigaikštis, Russian Великий князь Velikii kniaz) ranks in honour below Emperor and Tsar but higher than a sovereign Prince (Fürst) or Royal Prince. ... Stefan Prvovenčani (lit. ... Nemanjić dynasty insignia Nemanjić (Serbian Немањић; in English formerly Nemanjid) was a medieval Serbian ruling dynasty. ... // Events August 1 - Arthur of Brittany captured in Mirebeau, north of Poitiers Beginning of the Fourth Crusade. ... // Events February - Byzantine emperor Alexius IV is overthrown in a revolution, and Alexius V is proclaimed emperor. ...


Around this time, the name Zeta replaced the ancient name of the region (name deriving from the river of Zeta). Its population is henceforward defined as Serbian. Zeta was one of the first Montenegrin states in the Middle Ages. ... Zeta is a river in Montenegro. ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби, Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ...


List of rulers

Lead stamp of Archont Petar (9th century), The Holy Virgin Mary with the Christ Child (left) and inscription in Greek + Petar archont of Dioklia AMIN (right). ... Travunia Travunja Travunians Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] This was a medieval principality located in todays Hercegovina and Southern Dalmatia. ... Events Persian scientist, Rhazes, distinguished smallpox from measles in the course of his writings. ... Petrislav was the Prince of Duklja and Travunia from 971 - 990. ... Travunia Travunja Travunians Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] This was a medieval principality located in todays Hercegovina and Southern Dalmatia. ... Events Births Deaths Culen of Scotland Categories: 971 ... Events Construction of the Al-Hakim Mosque begins in Cairo. ... Jovan Vladimir (990 - 1016), one of the first rulers of Duklja. ... Travunia Travunja Travunians Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] This was a medieval principality located in todays Hercegovina and Southern Dalmatia. ... Events Construction of the Al-Hakim Mosque begins in Cairo. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... Events George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine- Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ... Events George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine- Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ... // Team# 1018 Pike High School Robotics Team Team #1018 FIRST Logo Check Out Our FIRST WIKI Page Events Bulgaria becomes part of the Byzantine Empire. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Events April 11 - Empress Zoe of Byzantium marries her chamberlain and elevates him to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael IV. Franche-Comté becomes subject to the Holy Roman Empire. ... Events Leofric becomes Bishop of Exeter Births Margrave Leopold II of Austria (d. ... Mihailo of the House of Voislav was the ruler of Duklja as Grand Prince (1050-1077) and King (1077-1082). ... Events Leofric becomes Bishop of Exeter Births Margrave Leopold II of Austria (d. ... Events Corfu taken from Byzantine Empire by Robert Guiscard, Italy Byzantine emperor Nicephorus III is overthrown by Alexius I Comnenus, ending the Middle Byzantine period and beginning the Comnenan dynasty Alexius I helps defend Albania from the Normans (the first recorded mention of Albania), but is defeated at the Battle... Constantin Bodin (Peter III) was the Czar of Bulgaria in 1072; the last ruler of the House of Comitopuli. ... Map of Croatia with Dalmatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija Serbian: Далмација) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ... Events Corfu taken from Byzantine Empire by Robert Guiscard, Italy Byzantine emperor Nicephorus III is overthrown by Alexius I Comnenus, ending the Middle Byzantine period and beginning the Comnenan dynasty Alexius I helps defend Albania from the Normans (the first recorded mention of Albania), but is defeated at the Battle... Events A second wave of crusaders arrives in the newly established Kingdom of Jerusalem, after being heavily defeated by Kilij Arslan I at Heraclia. ... Dobroslav II was King of Duklja 1101-1102. ... Events A second wave of crusaders arrives in the newly established Kingdom of Jerusalem, after being heavily defeated by Kilij Arslan I at Heraclia. ... Events Valencia is captured by the Almoravids. ... Dobroslav III was King of Duklja in 1102. ... Events Valencia is captured by the Almoravids. ... Kočapar or Kočopar was a Monarch or Duklja 1102 - 1103. ... Events Valencia is captured by the Almoravids. ... Events April 27 - Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, goes into exile after falling out with Henry I of England Amadeus III becomes Count of Savoy Bohemund I of Antioch is released from imprisonment among the Turks The Scandinavian city of Lund becomes a see within the Roman Catholic Church Births February... Vladimir was a King of Duklja 1103 - 1113. ... Events April 27 - Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, goes into exile after falling out with Henry I of England Amadeus III becomes Count of Savoy Bohemund I of Antioch is released from imprisonment among the Turks The Scandinavian city of Lund becomes a see within the Roman Catholic Church Births February... Events January 7 - Matilda, daughter of Henry I of England, marries Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor Births Deaths Categories: 1114 ... George was a King of Duklja in 1113 - 1118. ... Events January 7 - Matilda, daughter of Henry I of England, marries Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor Births Deaths Categories: 1114 ... Events Knights Templar founded Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem John II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor Gelasius II succeeds Paschal II as pope Births November 28 - Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1180) Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1185... GrubeÅ¡a was the prince and ruler of Duklja and Antivari from 1118-1125. ... Caffes near the coast Center of the city The oldest olive in the world, Stari Bar Bar is coastal city in Serbia and Montenegro on the Adriatic Sea. ... Events Knights Templar founded Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem John II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor Gelasius II succeeds Paschal II as pope Births November 28 - Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1180) Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1185... Events May 23 - Lothair of Saxony becomes Holy Roman Emperor on the death of Henry V. War ends between Toulouse and Provence. ... George was a King of Duklja in 1113 - 1118. ... Events May 23 - Lothair of Saxony becomes Holy Roman Emperor on the death of Henry V. War ends between Toulouse and Provence. ... Events May 9 - Tintern Abbey is founded. ... Gradihna (also known as Gradinja) was a Serbian ruler of Duklja, from 1131 to 1146. ... Events May 9 - Tintern Abbey is founded. ... Events Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona conquered Tortosa in posetion of the moors. ... Events Saint Bernard of Clairvaux preaches the Second Crusade at Vezelay, Burgundy First written mention of Bryansk. ... Events Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona conquered Tortosa in posetion of the moors. ... Events June 3 - Thomas Becket consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury. ... Indie-rock band containing former members of Link 80. ... Events Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona conquered Tortosa in posetion of the moors. ... // Events Owain Gwynedd is recognized as ruler of Wales. ... Events June 3 - Thomas Becket consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury. ... Events John the Chanter becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Formation and independence    - Formation of Serbia 814   - Formation of the Serbian Empire 1345   - Independence from the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878... Image:Simeon. ... Events John the Chanter becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Events Spring, London, popular uprising of the poor against the rich led by William Fitz Osbern. ... Vukan II Nemanjic,son of serbian Grand Župan Stefan Nemanja. ... Nemanjić dynasty insignia Nemanjić (Serbian Немањић; in English formerly Nemanjid) was a medieval Serbian ruling dynasty. ... Events Spring, London, popular uprising of the poor against the rich led by William Fitz Osbern. ... Events Philip of Swabia King of Germany and rival Holy Roman Emperor to Otto IV, assassinated June 21 in Bamberg by German Count Otto of Wittelsbach because Philip had refused to give him his daughter in marriage. ... Look up vassal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image:Simeon. ... Stefan Prvovenčani (lit. ... Nemanjić dynasty insignia Nemanjić (Serbian Немањић; in English formerly Nemanjid) was a medieval Serbian ruling dynasty. ... // Events August 1 - Arthur of Brittany captured in Mirebeau, north of Poitiers Beginning of the Fourth Crusade. ... // Events February - Byzantine emperor Alexius IV is overthrown in a revolution, and Alexius V is proclaimed emperor. ...

Chronology

As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... Events George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine- Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ... Jovan Vladimir (990 - 1016), one of the first rulers of Duklja. ... Ivan Vladislav was the ruler of Bulgaria from August or September 1015 to August or September 1018. ... // Team# 1018 Pike High School Robotics Team Team #1018 FIRST Logo Check Out Our FIRST WIKI Page Events Bulgaria becomes part of the Byzantine Empire. ... Coordinates Mayor Marija Ćatović Municipality area 335 km² Population  - city  - municipality 22,947 13,510 (incl. ... Events April 11 - Empress Zoe of Byzantium marries her chamberlain and elevates him to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael IV. Franche-Comté becomes subject to the Holy Roman Empire. ... Travunia Travunja Travunians Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] This was a medieval principality located in todays Hercegovina and Southern Dalmatia. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Events June 4 - Henry III becomes King of Germany. ... Events March War of Independence of Western Xia occurred. ... Events April 18/April 19 - Emperor Michael V of the Byzantine Empire attempts to remain sole Emperor by sending his adoptive mother and co-ruler Zoe of Byzantium to a monastery. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Byzantine Empire (native Greek name: - Basileia tōn Romaiōn) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Bar is the major seaport of Serbia and Montenegro on the Adriatic Sea. ... Events William the Conqueror, with assistance from King Henry I of France, secured control of Normandy by defeating the rebel Norman barons at Caen the Battle of Val-ès-Dunes Births Deaths October 9 - Pope Clement II Categories: 1047 ... Events Leofric becomes Bishop of Exeter Births Margrave Leopold II of Austria (d. ... Travunia Travunja Travunians Travunia in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] Greek map of Serb lands in the 9th century, according to [[De administrando imperio]] This was a medieval principality located in todays Hercegovina and Southern Dalmatia. ... Events Cardinal Humbertus, a representative of Pope Leo IX, and Michael Cerularius, Patriarch of Constantinople, decree each others excommunication. ... The term Great Schism refers to either of two splits in the history of Christianity: Most commonly, it refers to the great East-West Schism, the event that separated Eastern Orthodoxy and Western Roman Catholicism in the eleventh century (1054). ... Events Constantine X emperor of the Byzantine Empire dies. ... Events William I of England invades Scotland, and also receives the submission of Hereward the Wake. ... Events Births February 12 - Conrad, King of Germany and Italy (d. ... Events January 26 - Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor visits Pope Gregory VII as a penitent, asking him remove sentence of excommunication Robert Curthose instigates his first insurrection against his father, William the Conqueror Seljuk Turks capture Nicaea Süleyman I of Rüm becomes the leader of the Sultanate of... Places where monarchies maintain rule appear in blue. ... Mihailo of the House of Voislav was the ruler of Duklja as Grand Prince (1050-1077) and King (1077-1082). ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... County Dubrovnik–Neretva Area 14 335 km² Location Population 43,770 Mayor Dubravka Å uica Stradun, Dubrovniks main street Republic of Ragusa before 1808 The walled city of Dubrovnik Dubrovnik (Croatian with tone marks: Dùbrōvnik, stress on first syllable, IPA [ˈdÇ”.bro̞ːʋ.nik], Dalmatian, Latin, Italian, and former... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years). ... Events Corfu taken from Byzantine Empire by Robert Guiscard, Italy Byzantine emperor Nicephorus III is overthrown by Alexius I Comnenus, ending the Middle Byzantine period and beginning the Comnenan dynasty Alexius I helps defend Albania from the Normans (the first recorded mention of Albania), but is defeated at the Battle... Events Northumbria divided by the Normans into the counties of Northumberland, County Durham, Yorkshire, Westmorland and Lancashire August 11, powerful Britain Coronation of Rama Varma Kulasekhara in Kerala Synod of Melfi under Pope Urban II imposes slavery on the wives of priests Palmyra destroyed by earthquake Byzantine conquest of Crete... Bar is the major seaport of Serbia and Montenegro on the Adriatic Sea. ... Events Bernhard becomes Bishop of Brandenburg First documented teaching at the University of Oxford Beginning of the Peoples Crusade, the German Crusade, and the First Crusade Vital I Michele is Doge of Venice Peter I, King of Aragon, conquers Huesca Phayao, now a province of Thailand, is founded as... Events Edgar I deposes Donald III to become king of Scotland. ... This article is about historical Crusades . ... Shkodër (Albanian: Shkodër or Shkodra, Serbian Skadar, Latin Scutari, German Skutari) is a city located in North West Albania, in the District of Shkodër and it is the capital of the County of Shkodër. ... Events Åhus, Sweden gains city privileges City of Airdrie, Scotland founded King Sverker I of Sweden is deposed and succeeded by Eric IX of Sweden. ... // Look up tara in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Events April 25 - Genpei War - Naval battle of Dan-no-ura leads to Minamoto victory in Japan Templars settle in London and begin the building of New Temple Church End of the Heian Period and beginning of the Kamakura period in Japan. ... The term prince (the female form is princess), from the Latin root princeps, when used for a member of the highest aristocracy, has several fundamentally different meanings - one generic, and several types of titles. ... Coat of arms Korčula (Italian Curzola, Latin Corcyra Nigra, Greek Korkyra Melaina, Old-Slavic: Krkar) is an island in the Adriatic Sea, in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia. ... Vis can refer to: Vis, a type of Polish handgun, after the Polish word for power in Latin Vis, an island in the Adriatic Vis, town and municipality on the aforementioned island See also: VIS This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Events John the Chanter becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Image:Simeon. ... Events January 21 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade September 3- Richard I of England is crowned as king of England. ...

External links

  • The Montenegrin Association of America - Duklja, the first Montenegrin state
  • Ancient Doclea
  • Serb land of Montenegro - Serbian state in Zeta (X - XV c.)
  • History of the Serb people - Zeta state by Vladimir Ćorović (in Serbian/Serbo-Croatian)
  • dr Sima Ćirković: Doseljavanje Slovena i Dukljanska država -1976

1 Some versions call it Red Croatia Vladimir Ćorović Vladimir Ćorović (Владимир Ћоровић) (1885-1941) is the most significant Serbian historian of great syntheses, with the Viennese Ph. ... The Serbian language is one of the standard versions of the Štokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and by Serbs everywhere. ... Serbo-Croatian or Croato-Serbian (also Croatian or Serbian, Serbian or Croatian) (srpskohrvatski or cрпскохрватски or hrvatskosrpski or hrvatski ili srpski or srpski ili hrvatski), earlier also Serbo-Croat, was an official language of Yugoslavia (along with Slovenian, Macedonian). ... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Duklja, the first Montenegrin state (728 words)
The thousand-year history of the Montenegrin state begins in the ninth century with the emergence of Duklja, a vassal state of Byzantium.
Duklja's power and prosperity reached their zenith under King Vojislav's son, King Mihailo (1046-81), and his son King Bodin (1081-1101).
Nemanja's conquest of Duklja - or Zeta, as it was referred to from the 11th century on -ended with its incorporation into Raska.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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