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Encyclopedia > Duke of Brittany
Coat of arms of the Dukes of Brittany from 1312; described by one of the few known one-word blazons in existence, simply Ermine.
Coat of arms of the Dukes of Brittany from 1312; described by one of the few known one-word blazons in existence, simply Ermine.

The Duchy of Brittany (Breton: Dugelezh Vreizh, French: Duché de Bretagne) was a medieval tribal and feudal state covering the Armorican peninsula west of Mont-Saint-Michel and north of Nantes/Naoned, excluding Rennes/Roazhon and including Vannes/Gwened. It largely corresponded to the French region called Bretagne, historic Brittany, a region with strong traditions of independence, including a distinctive culture and the Breton language. Image File history File links BlasonBRETAGNE.PNG Titre: Blason de la région Bretagne réalisé pour le Projet, Blasons de Wikipédia FR Source: Dessinée par Ʀinaldum le 6 mars 2004 Licence: Créative C. This image shows a flag, a coat of arms, a seal or some... Image File history File links BlasonBRETAGNE.PNG Titre: Blason de la région Bretagne réalisé pour le Projet, Blasons de Wikipédia FR Source: Dessinée par Ʀinaldum le 6 mars 2004 Licence: Créative C. This image shows a flag, a coat of arms, a seal or some... This is an article about Heraldry. ... The coat of arms of Brittany: Ermine. In heraldry, ermine is one of the furs used in blazon, representing the skin of the stoat. ... Breton (Brezhoneg) is a Celtic language spoken by some of the inhabitants of Brittany (Breizh) in France. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Tribal refers to a culture or society based on tribes or clans. ... Feudalism comes from the Late Latin word feudum, itself borrowed from a Germanic root *fehu, a commonly used term in the Middle Ages which means fief, or land held under certain obligations by feodati. ... Armorica or Aremorica is the name given in ancient times to the part of Gaul that includes the Brittany peninsula and the territory between the Seine and Loire rivers, extending inland to an indeterminate point and down the Atlantic coast. ... Mont-Saint-Michel: Sheep graze on the reclaimed pré-salé or salt meadow (2004). ... Traditional city flag City coat of arms Motto: Favet Neptunus eunti (Latin: Shall Neptune favour the traveller) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Pays de la Loire Department Loire-Atlantique (44) Mayor Jean-Marc Ayrault  (PS) (since 1989) City Statistics Land area¹ 65. ... Some medieval houses, such as these at Champ-Jacquet, can still be found in the center of Rennes. ... In the old city centre Harbour to cathedral Vannes (Breton: Gwened) is a town and commune located in the Morbihan département, in Brittany, in the west of France. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Rennes Regional President Jean-Yves Le Drian (PS) (since 2004) Departments Côtes-dArmor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Finistère Arrondissements 15 Cantons 201 Communes 1,268 Statistics Land area1 27,208 km² Population (Ranked 7th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... Breton (Brezhoneg) is a Celtic language spoken by some of the inhabitants of Brittany (Breizh) in France. ...


The incorporation of Brittany into the Carolingian empire ensured that the political and social institutions were similar to those prevailing elsewhere in western Francia. Until the 10th century, Brittany was severely affected by Viking attacks and ducal authority was weak. Dynastic disputes caused the political fragmentation of the duchy into counties and authority suffered even further from the pressures of resisting claims by both the dukes of Normandy and the counts of Anjou. This process of fragmentation was halted and reversed from the mid-eleventh century, when intermarriage resulted in the ducal title vesting in a single individual, Duke Alan IV Fergent. Map of Carolingian Empire The term Carolingian Empire is sometimes used to refer to the realm of the Franks under the dynasty of the Carolingians. ... Statue of Charlemagne (also called Karl der Große, Charles the Great) in Frankfurt, Germany. ... Bold textInsert non-formatted text here This statue of Rollo the Viking (founder of the fiefdom of Normandy) stands in Falaise, Calvados, birthplace of his descendant William I the Conqueror (the Duke of Normandy who became King of England). ... Counts of Anjou, c. ...


Alan's long and stable reign included expansion of Breton holdings by King William I of England conferring upon him the Honour of Richmond, after the Norman Conquest of England. His son Conan III also saw progress in the revival of central authority. A succession dispute following Conan's death undid the duke's achievements and allowed Henry II of England, to claim overlordship. Between 1158 and 1166, Henry II annexed Brittany to his continental holdings, marrying his third son, Geoffrey, to Constance, heiress of the duchy. The Angevin Empire in Brittany came to an end in 1203, after King John of England murdered his nephew, Arthur, the son of Geoffrey and Constance. William I of England (c. ... The Honour of Richmond was an honour created by Alain Le Roux, son of Eudes, Count of Penthièvre, grandson of Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany. ... The Bayeux Tapestry depicts the Battle of Hastings and the events leading to it. ... Henry II of England 5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as King of England (1154–1189), Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Count of Nantes, Lord of Ireland and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland and western France. ... The term Angevin Empire describes a collection of states ruled by the Angevin Plantagenet dynasty. ... This article is about the King of England. ...


The marriage of the infant Alice to Capetian cadet Peter of Dreux in 1213, began the new House of Dreux. This allowed Brittany a measure of autonomy again, although continuously giving lip service to Capetian sovereignty. After the Breton War of Succession, Brittany still had links with the English Crown through the Earldom of Richmond, until the Wars of the Roses. A disoriented and shut out Brittany became royally subsumed into France, during a tapering reign of the Montfort house. In 1465 Duke Francis II took Penthievre from its Blois-descended countess, Nicole de Bretagne-Blois - thus undermining the Penthievre family's position in the country. In 1488, at the death of the last male duke Francis II, the head of the Penthievre family was Jean de Brosse (died 1502), grandson of Nicole de Blois the aforementioned, and he asserted their claim to the duchy, but Francis' daughter Anne however succeeded. Duchess Anne of Brittany was first attempted to get married to Habsburgs, in order to avoid French central government's yoke, but she found herself instead married in turn to two kings of France. Her daughter Claude, duchess from 1514, was married to king Francis, and was not able to keep any independent government. Claude's son Francis III was invested as duke, but this meant next to nothing to Breton independence. Some members of the Brosse family were appointed as royal governors of Brittany by the French. Francis III's death made his brother Henri the last titular duke of Brittany, despite he where not crowned. When he ascended the French throne, the duchy became regarded as merged in the crown. The view enjoyed no undivided support, as many Bretons would have liked higher autonomy and other European royal houses woulsd have liked to weaken France in its own borders. Thus, when Henry III of France, the last male-line descendant of Claude died in 1589, his theoretical heirs in Brittany and Auvergne were Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia, the later Spanish ruler of Low Countries, and Henry I, Duke of Lorraine (the former was eldest daughter of the late eldest sister of Henry III but female, the latter was male but son of younger sister; Brittany had a unlogical tradition of giving some -but not all- precedence to male heirs even in cases he also descended through female). Philip II of Spain, leading enemy of France, offered either of them to divide as much of France between them as could be taken. Regarding Brittany, nothing come from this. Instead, Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur, a leader of Catholic League, whom king Henry III had in 1582 made royal governor of Brittany, ruled Brittany in name of his own underage son Philippe Louis de Lorraine-Mercoeur who through maternal ancestry was the direct primogenitural heir of Duchess Joanna the Lame, that of the Penthievre branch, wife of Charles the Lame of Blois. Mercoeur organized a government at Nantes, supported by the Spaniards. It took several years until in 1598 the Mercoeur government surrendered in 1598 to Henry IV of France who had one of his own bastards to marry the young daughter of the Mercoeurs, and confirmed the direct French control of the province. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The title of Earl of Richmond was created many times in the Peerage of England. ... Lancaster York For other uses, see Wars of the Roses (disambiguation). ... The House of Montfort reigned in the Duchy of Brittany from 1365 to 1514. ... In the 11th and 12th centuries the countship of Penthièvre in Brittany (now in the department of Côtes-dArmor) belonged to a branch of the sovereign house of Brittany. ... Portrait of Anne of Brittany by Jean Bourdichon. ... Henry III of France (September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), also Henry of Poland (also called Henry of Valois, Henryk Walezy), born Alexandre-Édouard of France, was a member of the House of Valois. ... Isabella and her husband Albert Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain (12 August 1566 - 1 December 1633) was Infanta of Spain, Archduchess of Austria and the joint sovereign of the Seventeen Provinces. ... Henry I (November 8, 1563 – July 31, 1624), was Duke of Lorraine from 1608 until his death. ... Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, king consort of England (as husband of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, Lord... Philippe Emmanuel of Lorraine-Mercoeur, Duke of Mercoeur (September 9, 1558, Nancy – February 19, 1602, Nürnberg), the eldest surviving son of Nicholas, Duke of Mercoeur and Joanna of Savoy-Nemours, was a French soldier and prominent member of the Catholic League. ... Throughout history there have been many alliances and organizations known as the Catholic League, including: Catholic League (USA) - Civil rights group in the United States. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... Charles of Blois Charles of Blois (Blois, 1319 – September 29, 1364), was duke of Brittany, from 1341 to his death. ... Traditional city flag City coat of arms Motto: Favet Neptunus eunti (Latin: Shall Neptune favour the traveller) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Pays de la Loire Department Loire-Atlantique (44) Mayor Jean-Marc Ayrault  (PS) (since 1989) City Statistics Land area¹ 65. ... Henry IV of France, also Henry III of Navarre (13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), ruled as King of France from 1589 to 1610 and King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. ...

Contents

Richmondshire, part of Brittany and latterly of Great Britain

Richmondshire was often held by Breton dukes themselves or their secundogeniture during the Middle Ages. There was also a rift in the political ambitions of Brittany and Richmondshire; Plantagenet Richmondshire under John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford supported English claims to the French throne, whilst Capet Brittany opposed this. During the Wars of the Roses, Richmond became partisan with the House of Lancaster under the Tudor earls, themselves supported by the Duke of Brittany. Parting between Nantes and Richmond was amicable (Arthur de Richemont) and unofficial for the span of a century (Henry FitzRoy quartered ermine in his arms), or more (Ludovic Stewart was originally a mere Earl, not Duke of Richmond). Richmondshire is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England. ... Counts of Penthièvre. ... Angevin is the name applied to two distinct medieval dynasties which originated as counts (from 1360, dukes) of the western French province of Anjou (of which angevin is the adjectival form), but later came to rule far greater areas including England, Hungary and Poland (see Angevin Empire). ... John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford (20 June 1389–14 September 1435), also known as John Plantagenet, was the fourth son of King Henry IV of England by Mary de Bohun, and acted as Regent of England for his nephew, King Henry VI. He was created Earl of Kendal... The English claims to the French throne have a long and rather complex history between the 1340s and the 1800s. ... The direct Capetian Dynasty followed the Carolingian rulers of France from 987 to 1328. ... Lancaster York For other uses, see Wars of the Roses (disambiguation). ... The House of Lancaster is a dynasty of English kings. ... For other uses, see Tudor (disambiguation). ... Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Brittany, and of the region Brittany Arthur III (in breton Arzhur III) (August 24, 1393 – December 26, 1458), known as the Justicier and as Arthur de Richemont, was Lord of Parthenay and titular Count (Earl) of Richmond in England and, for eleven months... Henry Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset (June 15, 1519 – June 18, 1536) was the son of Henry VIII and his teenaged mistress, Elizabeth Blount, the only bastard that Henry acknowledged. ... The coat of arms of Brittany: Ermine. In heraldry, ermine is one of the furs used in blazon, representing the skin of the stoat. ... Ludovic Stewart, 2nd Duke of Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond (September 29, 1574–February 16, 1624) was the son of Esmé Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox. ...


Richmond became a dukedom in its own right; the Duchy of Brittany and Kingdom of Navarre were being united with France as the Principality of Wales and Kingdom of Scotland were uniting with England. The present holder of Richmond owes the honorific title Duke of Aubigny (after Aubigny-sur-Nère in Berry), in descent from Breton Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth. This new relation was connected to the Auld Alliance, Breton roots in the House of Stuart, reactionary recusancy as found in Richmondshire and also Lennox near Glasgow. Catholic connections continued with the addition of Jacobite Clan Gordon's property in the Scottish Highlands to this circle and the present Duke of Richmond is also Duke of Gordon. The title Duke of Richmond is named after Richmond and its surrounding district of Richmondshire, and has been created several times in the Peerage of England for members of the royal Tudor and Stuart families. ... The Kingdom of Navarre (Basque: Nafarroako Erresuma) was a European state which occupied lands on either side of the Pyrenees alongside the Atlantic Ocean. ... This article is about the historical state known as the Principality of Wales (1267-1542). ... Motto Latin: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) (Scots: Wha daur meddle wi me) Capital Edinburgh¹ Language(s) Gaelic, Scots Government Monarchy King/Queen  - 843-860 Kenneth I  - 1587–1625 James VI  - 1702-1714 Anne Legislature Parliament of Scotland History  - United 843  - Union of the... Ducs dAubigny have had their origins in Aubigny-sur-Nère from the 15th century, which was an important honour throughout the Auld Alliance and Ancien Régime. ... Aubigny-sur-Nère is one of the communes of the Cher département and in the Arrondissement of Vierzon. ... Berry was a province of France until the provinces were replaced by départements on March 4, 1790. ... Portrait of Louise de Kérouaille by Pierre Mignard Louise Renée de Penancoët de Kérouaille (1649 – 14 November 1734), was mistress of Charles II of England and Duchess of Portsmouth. ... The Auld Alliance refers to a series of treaties, offensive and defensive in nature, between Scotland and France aimed specifically against an aggressive and expansionist England. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Reactionary (or reactionist) is a political epithet, generally used as a pejorative, originally applied in the context of the French Revolution to counter-revolutionaries who wished to restore the real or imagined conditions of the monarchical Ancien Régime. ... In the history of England, recusancy was a term used to describe the statutory offence of not complying with the established Church of England. ... The district of Lennox (Gaelic: Leamhnachd) is a region of Scotland centred around the village of Lennoxtown in Stirling, eight miles north of the centre of Glasgow. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... Charles Edward Stuart, Bonnie Prince Charlie, wearing the Jacobite blue bonnet Jacobitism was (and, to a very limited extent, remains) the political movement dedicated to the restoration of the Stuart kings to the thrones of England and Scotland. ... Clan Gordon Crest Clan Gordon, also known as the House of Gordon, is a traditional Scottish clan name and it is now a common forename. ... Lowland-Highland divide Highland Sign with welcome in English and Gaelic The Scottish Highlands (A Ghàidhealtachd in Gaelic) include the rugged and mountainous regions of Scotland north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault. ... The title Duke of Gordon has been created once in the Peerage of England and again in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. ...


Kings and Dukes of Brittany

Princes of the Bretons

The succession was interrupted by the Norman occupation (907937) Morman[1] (died 818)[2] was a Breton chieftain who was declared King (rex) after the death of the Bretons Frankish overlord Charlemagne in 814. ... Wihomarc or Wiomarch (French: Guyomard; died 825) was a Breton chieftain who seemed to have greater authority than the other Breton leaders[1] and who revolted against Frankish overlordship in 822 and held onto his power until his death. ... Nominoe (died March 7, 851), was count of Vannes and the first duke of Brittany, from 826 to his death. ... Events June 25: Battle of Fontenay _ Louis the German and Charles the Bald defeat Lothar. ... Events Vikings plunder London Charles the Bald, Louis the German and Lothar meet in Meersen Oldest known mention of the Andaman Islands Garcia Iñiguez succeeds his father Iñigo Arista as king of Navarra Births Deaths March 7 - Nominoe, Duke of Brittany Categories: 851 ... A missus dominicus (plural missi dominici), Latin for Envoy of the Lord [ruler], also known as Sendgraf in German, Zendgraaf in Dutch, both meaning sent Graf, was an official commissioned by the Frankish king or emperor to supervise the administration, mainly justice, in a part of his dominions, not unlike... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... Louis the Pious, contemporary depiction from 826 as a miles Christi (soldier of Christ), with a poem of Rabanus Maurus overlaid. ... In the old city centre Harbour to cathedral Vannes (Breton: Gwened) is a town and commune located in the Morbihan département, in Brittany, in the west of France. ... Erispoë was Duke of Brittany, succeeding his father Nominoë in 851. ... Events Viking raid of Dorestad. ... Salomon (died 874), was king of Brittany, from 857 to his death. ... Events March 13 - The bones of Saint Nicephorus are interred in the Church of the Apostles, Constantinople. ... The count Pasquitan of Vannes (died 877), was duke of Brittany, from 874 to his death. ... The Danes take Exeter Indravarman II succeeds Jayavarman III as ruler of the Khmer Empire. ... The count Gurvand of Rennes (died 877), was duke of Brittany, from 874 to his death. ... Judicael of Rennes (died in battle 888), was count of Rennes and duke of Brittany, from 877 to his death. ... This article is about the year A.D. 888. ... Alan I of Vannes (died 907), known as the Great, was count of Vannes and duke of Brittany, from 877 to his death. ... The Danes take Exeter Indravarman II succeeds Jayavarman III as ruler of the Khmer Empire. ... This article is about the year A.D. 888. ... Events Oleg leads Kievan Rus in a campaign against Constantinople Yelü Abaoji establishes Liao (Khitan) dynasty Births Deaths Categories: 907 ... Events Oleg leads Kievan Rus in a campaign against Constantinople Yelü Abaoji establishes Liao (Khitan) dynasty Births Deaths Categories: 907 ... Norman conquests in red. ... Events Oleg leads Kievan Rus in a campaign against Constantinople Yelü Abaoji establishes Liao (Khitan) dynasty Births Deaths Categories: 907 ... Events Athelstan wins the Battle of Brunanburh September 21 - Magdeburg is now the capital of the Holy Roman Empire, after a Diet held by Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor Births Duke William IV of Aquitaine (d. ...


Nantes/Naoned

  • Alan II Wrybeard (reigned as a duke from 937 to 952)
  • Drogo, son (reigned from 952 to 958)
  • Hoel I, brother (reigned from 960–981 as a duke, but controlled only the county of Nantes/Naoned)
  • Guerech, brother (reigned from 981–988 as a duke, but controlled only the county of Nantes/Naoned)

The counts of Nantes were originally the Frankish rulers of the Nantais under the Carolingians. ... Alan II of Vannes (died 952), was count of Vannes and Nantes and duke of Brittany, from 936 to his death. ... Drogo was the count of Vannes and Nantes and duke of Brittany from 952, when he succeeded his father, Alan Wrybeard, as a minor, until his death in 958. ...

Rennes/Roazhon

Originally from Bamberg in Franconia, now northern Bavaria, the Babenbergs or Babenberger ruled Austria as counts of the march and dukes from 976 - 1248, before the rise of the house of Habsburg. ... Conan I of Rennes (927 - June 27, 992), was count of Rennes and duke of Brittany, from 990 to his death. ... Boleslaus I becomes Duke of Poland Battle of Conquereuil - Fulk Nerra defeats Conan I of Rennes, who is killed in the battle. ... Geoffrey I of Rennes (980 - November 20, 1008) was duke of Brittany, from 992 to his death. ... Events Olof, king of Sweden, is baptized. ... Alan III of Rennes (997 – October 1, 1040) was duke of Brittany, from 1008 to his death. ... Events March War of Independence of Western Xia occurred. ... Conan II of Rennes (died 1066) was duke of Brittany, from 1040 to his death. ... Events January 6 - Harold II is crowned September 20 - Battle of Fulford September 25 - Battle of Stamford Bridge September 29 - William of Normandy lands in England at Pevensey. ...

Cornouaille/Kernev

Cornouailles location within Brittany. ... Hoel II of Cornwall (died 1084) was Earl of Cornwall and duke of Brittany, from 1066 to his death. ... Events Saint Bruno founds the Carthusian Order of monks Kyanzittha begins his reign in Myanmar. ... Alan IV of Cornwall (died 1119) was duke of Brittany, from 1084 to 1112. ... Events The people of Laon, France, proclaim a commune and murder their bishop Salzwedel, Germany is founded The German state of Baden is founded Afonso I becomes Count of Portugal Otto of Ballenstedt is made Duke of Saxony by Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor Births Deaths October 5 - Sigebert of... Conan III of Cornwall (1070-1148) was duke of Brittany, from 1112 to his death. ... Events Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona conquered Tortosa in posetion of the moors. ... Eudes, viscount of Porhoet (died 1170) was co-ruler of the duchy of Brittany, between 1148 and 1156, with his brother-in-law Hoel III, Duke of Brittany. ... Events Prince Yuriy Dolgorukiy fortifies Moscow, regarded as the date of the founding of the city Establishment of the Carmelite Order Hogen Rebellion in Japan January 20 - According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of the lake Köyliönjärvi... Hoel III of Cornwall (died 1156) was duke of Brittany, from 1148 to his death. ...

Penthievre/Penteur

In the 11th and 12th centuries the countship of Penthi̬vre in Brittany (now in the department of C̫tes-dArmor) belonged to a branch of the sovereign house of Brittany. ... Conan IV (1138 РFebruary 20, 1171) was duke of Brittany, from 1156 to his death. ... Alan de Bretagne (c. ...

Plantagenet

Angevin (IPA: ) is the name applied to the residents of Anjou, a former province of the Kingdom of France, as well as to the residents of Angers. ... Geoffrey Plantagenet (September 23, 1158 – August 19, 1186) was Duke of Brittany between 1181 and 1186, through his marriage with the heiress Constance. ... Events John the Chanter becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Constance of Brittany (1161 – September 5, 1201) was Duchess of Brittany between 1186 and 1196. ... Arthur I, Duke of Brittany (1187 – 1203), was the posthumous son of Geoffrey Plantagenet and Constance, Duchess of Brittany, and designated heir to the throne of England, originally intended to succeed Richard I. While Richard was away on crusade, Constance took more independence for Brittany, and in 1194 had the... Events April 16 - Philip II of France enters Rouen, leading to the eventual unification of Normandy and France. ...

Thouars

Thouars is a town and commune of France, situated in the département of Deux-Sèvres in the Poitou-Charentes région. ... Guy of Thouars was Duke of Brittany between 1203 and 1206, succeeding his stepson Arthur I. He was the second husband of duchess Constance. ... Alix of Thouars (1201 - October 21, 1221) was the nominal Duchess of Brittany between 1206 to her death. ...

Dreux

Breton War of Succession (1341–1364)
  • Charles of Blois and Joanna of Penthièvre (r.1341–1364)
    • vs. Dukes John IV and John V, see below

Arms of the Counts of Dreux The Counts of Dreux in France took their title from the chief stronghold of their domain, the château of Dreux, which lies near the boundary between Normandy and the Ile de France. ... Coat of Arms of Peter I, Duke of Brittany and his successors. ... May 30 - Battle of Damme; English fleet under William Longsword destroyes a French fleet off the Belgian port in the first major victory for the fledgling Royal Navy. ... // Events Thomas II of Savoy becomes count of Flanders. ... John I of Dreux (in French Jean I de Dreux) (1217–October 8, 1286), known as the Red due to the colour of his beard, was Duke of Brittany, from 1237 to his death. ... Events Margaret I of Scotland became queen of Scotland, end of Canmore dynasty. ... John II of Dreux (in French Jean II de Dreux) (1239 – November 18, 1305) was Duke of Brittany and Earl of Richmond, from 1286 to his death. ... Events August 5 - English troops capture William Wallace Wenceslas III becomes king of Bohemia Archbishop of Bordeaux, Bertrand de Got, was elected as Pope Clement V. Philip IV of France accused the Knights Templar of heresy. ... Arthur II of Dreux (July 2, 1262_August 27, 1312) was duke of Brittany, from 1305 to his death. ... Events Pope John XXII elected to the papacy. ... John III of Dreux (in French Jean III de Dreux) (March 8, 1286 - April 30, 1341), known as the Good, was duke of Brittany, from 1312 to his death. ... Events The Queens College, a constituent college of the University of Oxford, is founded. ... Charles of Blois (died September 29, 1364), was duke of Brittany, from 1341 to his death. ... Joanna of Penthievre or Joanna the Lame (in French Jeanne de Penthièvre, Jeanne la Boiteuse) (1319 – 1384) was Reigning Duchess of Brittany (in her own right) together with her consort Charles of Blois between 1341 and 1364. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 - 1364 - 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 See also: 1364 state leaders Events Charles V becomes King of France. ...

Montfort

The cadet branch of the House of Dreux The House of Montfort reigned in the Duchy of Brittany from 1365 to 1514. ...

John IV of Montfort (in French Jean IV de Montfort) (1295 - September 16, 1345), was duke of Brittany, from 1341 to his death. ... Events Miracle of the Host Births October 31 - King Fernando I of Portugal (died 1383) Agnès of Valois, daughter of John II of France (died 1349) Eleanor Maltravers, English noblewoman (died 1405) Deaths April 14 - Richard Aungerville, English writer and bishop (born 1287) September 16 - John IV, Duke of... John V (in French Jean V) (1339 – November 1, 1399), known as the Conqueror, was duke of Brittany and count of Montfort, from 1345 to his death. ... Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births William Canynge, English merchant (approximate date; died 1474) Zara Yaqob, Emperor of Ethiopia (died 1468) Deaths January 4 - Nicolau Aymerich, Catalan theologian and... Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Brittany, and of the region Brittany John VI the Wise (in breton, Yann V ar Fur, in french this would be Jean VI but French accounting, influenced by the French view of the Breton War of Succession, makes him Jean V le Sage... Events The community of Rauma, Finland was granted its town rights. ... Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Brittany, and of the region Brittany Francis I (in breton Fransez I, in french François I) (Vannes/Gwened, May 14, 1414 – July 18, 1450, Château de lHermine/Kastell an Erminig), was duke of Brittany, count of Montfort and titular earl... // March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen. ... Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Brittany, and of the region Brittany Peter II (in breton Pêr II, in french Pierre II) (1418 – 1457, Nantes/ Naoned), was duke of Brittany, count of Montfort and titular earl of Richmond, from 1450 to his death. ... Events University of Freiburg founded. ... Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Brittany, and of the region Brittany Arthur III (in breton Arzhur III) (August 24, 1393 – December 26, 1458), known as the Justicier and as Arthur de Richemont, was Lord of Parthenay and titular Count (Earl) of Richmond in England and, for eleven months... Events January 24 - Matthias I Corvinus becomes king of Hungary Foundation of Magdalen College, University of Oxford George of Podebrady becomes king of Bohemia Pope Pius II becomes pope Turks sack the Acropolis Births February 15 - Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. ... Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Brittany, and of the region Brittany Francis II (in breton Frañsez II, in french François II) (June 23, 1433 – September 9, 1488), was duke of Brittany, from 1458 to his death. ... // January 8 - The present Royal Netherlands Navy was formed By decree of Maximillian of Austria. ... Court of the Ladies of Queen Anne of Brittany, Miniature representing this lady weeping on account of the absence of her husband during the Italian war. ... 1514 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Claude de France (14 October 1499 – 20 July 1524), French queen by marriage and duchess of Brittany in her own right, was the eldest daughter of King Louis XII of France and Anne, the heiress of Brittany. ... Events March 1, 1524/5 - Giovanni da Verrazano lands near Cape Fear (approx. ... Francis (French: François), Dauphin of France, also Francis III, Duke of Brittany (September 28, 1518 – August 10, 1536), was the first son and heir of King Francis I of France and Claude of France, daughter of Louis XII of France. ... Year 1536 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Francis I (François Ier in French) (September 12, 1494 – March 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... Claude de France (14 October 1499 – 20 July 1524), French queen by marriage and duchess of Brittany in her own right, was the eldest daughter of King Louis XII of France and Anne, the heiress of Brittany. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ...

Penthièvre

The annexation of Brittany was not uncontested by the subsequent Counts and dukes of Penthièvre: Counts of Penthièvre. ...

  • the senior claim, that of Joan of Penthievre and of the Mercoeur, went through Bourbon-Vendome (the illegitimate branch started by Cesar, bastard of Henry IV, and his Briton wife) to Marie-Jeanne de Savoie-Nemours, the mother of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia and after her death in 1724, the Savoy kings of Sardinia, until Victor Emmanuel I was inherited by Dukes of Modena, and then subsequently inherited by Dukes of Bavaria, whose heir now is Franz, Duke of Bavaria
  • the junior or Montfort claim and of Isabella Clara Eugenia (who died in 1633), went to her nephew the duke of Savoy, whose descendant Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia inherited it from his father in 1675. Since Victor Amadeus subsequently in 1724 succeeded in his mother's rights too, the succession thus continued as explained above together with the senior claim all way down to Franz, Duke of Bavaria.

Joanna of Penthievre or Joanna the Lame (in French Jeanne de Penthièvre, Jeanne la Boiteuse) (1319 – 1384) was Reigning Duchess of Brittany (in her own right) together with her consort Charles of Blois between 1341 and 1364. ... Victor Amadeus II. Victor Amadeus II, Italian Vittorio Amedeo II (May 14, 1666 - October 31, 1732) was the Duke of Savoy (1675-1730). ... His Royal Highness the Duke of Bavaria Franz Bonaventura Adalbert Maria Herzog von Bayern (born July 14, 1933), styled as His Royal Highness The Duke of Bavaria, is head of the Wittelsbach family, the former ruling family of the Kingdom of Bavaria. ... The House of Montfort reigned in the Duchy of Brittany from 1365 to 1514. ...

Bourbon

None of those claims had any effect on the political and dynastic situation of Brittany, which put the province squarely into the hands of the royal family. Some of the younger sons of French-Navarrese and Spanish kings were titled "Duke of Brittany", unlike the claimants described above. These included Louis, Dauphin of France (1707-1712) and his elder brother Louis, who only survived one year (1704-1705). Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz's heir François de Bourbon held "Duke of Brittany" as a courtesy title (19731984). Louis as Duke of Brittany Louis, Dauphin of France and Duke of Brittany (8 January 1707–8 March 1712) was the second son of Louis, duc de Bourgogne and Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy. ... Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... // Events Construction begins on Blenheim Palace, in Oxfordshire, England. ... Alfonso de Borbón y de Dampierre (French citizen as Alphonse de Bourbon) (1936–1989), also known as the Duke of Cádiz (as he was mostly called in Spain) and Duke of Anjou, was a pretender to the French throne. ... A courtesy title is a form of address in the British peerage system used for wives, children, and other close relatives of a peer. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... This article is about the year. ...


See also

The Chateau des ducs de Bretagne (Castle of the dukes of Brittany) is a large fortified château located in the city of Nantes in the Loire-Atlantique département of France; it served as the centre of the historical province of Brittany until its seperation in 1941. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... This is a family tree of the Dukes of Brittany, from the 9th century, to the annexation by France in 1514. ...

External link

  • Genealogy of the Dukes of Brittany

  Results from FactBites:
 
Duke of Brittany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (708 words)
The Duke of Brittany (French: Duc de Bretagne) governed Brittany, a region with strong traditions of independence, including a language and a distinctive culture.
Incorporation of Brittany into the Carolingian empire ensured that the political and social institutions were similar to those prevaling elsewhere in western Francia.
The marriage of the infant Alice to Capetian cadet Peter of Dreux in 1213, began the new House of Dreux.
Francis II, Duke of Brittany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (491 words)
During the minority of Charles VIII of France, Francis II aligned himself with the Duke of Orleans and the count of Angouleme, against the regency of Anne of Beaujeu.
In July 28 Brittany was defeated in the battle of Saint Aubin du Cormier.
In the terms of the treaty, the duke was compelled to recognise himself and his duchy as a vassal of the king of France.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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