FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Duke of Parma

The Duchy of Parma was a small Italian state between 1545 and 1802, and again from 1814 to 1860.


The Duke of Parma was also Duke of Piacenza, except for the first years of the rule of Ottavio Farnese (1549-1556), and the time of the Napoleonic Dukes of Parma and Piacenza

Contents

Farnese Dukes of Parma, 1545-1731

Bourbon Dukes of Parma, 1731-1735

Habsburg Dukes of Parma, 1735-1748

Bourbon Dukes of Parma, 1748-1802

  • Philip 1748-1765
  • Ferdinand 1765-1802

Napoleonic Dukes, 1808-1814

these did not actually rule over the territory of Parma and Piacenza


Habsburg Dukes of Parma, 1814-1847

Bourbon Dukes of Parma, 1847-1860

  • Charles II Louis 1847-1848
  • Charles III 1848-1854
  • Robert I 1854-1860

Bourbon Dukes of Parma since 1860

  • Roberto I 1860-1907
  • Enrico 1907-1939
  • Giuseppe 1939-1950
  • Elias (regent 1907-1950) 1950-1959
  • Roberto II 1959-1974
  • Xavier 1974-1977
  • Carlos Hugo 1977-present

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
List of Dukes of Parma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (246 words)
The Duke of Parma was also Duke of Piacenza, except for the first years of the rule of Ottavio Farnese (1549-1556), and the time of the Napoleonic Dukes of Parma and Piacenza, when the two were established as separate positions held by two individuals.
The Duke of Parma also usually held the title of Duke of Guastalla from 1735 (when Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor took it from Mantua) to 1847 (when the territory was ceded to Modena), again, except for the Napoleonic dukes, when there was no Duke of Guastalla.
Therefore, the Duke of Parma is a legitimate (though not prime) claimant to the Kingdom of Spain; indeed, the current Duke of Parma, Carlos-Hugo, was a pretender to the Spanish throne in the 1970s (see Carlism).
Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (949 words)
Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza (1545 - 1592) was the son of Duke Ottavio Farnese, duke of Parma and Margaret, the illegitimate daughter of the Habsburg Emperor Charles V.
Thus Alessandro was the nephew of Philip II of Spain and of Don John of Austria.
In 1586 Alexander Farnese became duke of Parma by the death of his father.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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