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Encyclopedia > Duduk
A duduk

The duduk (pronounced [duˈduk]) is a traditional woodwind instrument of Armenian origins.[1][2] This English word is often used generically for a family of ethnic instruments including the դուդուկ or doudouk (previously ծիրանափող or dziranapogh, literally "apricot horn") in Armenia, the duduk or düdük in Turkey, the duduki in Georgia, the balaban in Iran and Azerbaijan, the duduka or dudka in Russia and Ukraine, duduk in Serbia, and the daduk in Bulgaria. The English word has been asserted as derived from the Russian word "dudka",[3] or from the Turkish word "düdük".[4] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 110 × 597 pixelsFull resolution (350 × 1900 pixel, file size: 450 KB, MIME type: image/png) Duduk made of apricot wood purchased in Yerevan, Armenia 1999 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 110 × 597 pixelsFull resolution (350 × 1900 pixel, file size: 450 KB, MIME type: image/png) Duduk made of apricot wood purchased in Yerevan, Armenia 1999 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 9th century   -  First unified state c. ...

Contents

Overview

The duduk is a double reed instrument which has ancient origins, said to be from 1500 to 3000 years old. The earliest instruments similar to the duduk's present form are made of bone or entirely of cane. Today the duduk is exclusively made of wood with a large double reed. Armenian duduks are mainly made from aged apricot wood, although other regional varieties use other materials (mulberry, etc.) The particular tuning depends heavily on the region which it is played. In the 20th Century the Armenian duduk began to be standardized diatonic in scale and single-octave in range. Accidentals, or chromatics are achieved using fingering techniques. The instrument's body also has different lengths depending upon the range of the instrument and region. The reed, (Armenian: ramish or ghamish), is made from one or two pieces of cane in a duck-bill type assembly. Unlike other double-reed instruments, the reed is quite wide, helping to give the duduk both its unique, mournful sound, as well as its remarkable breath requirements.The duduk is also the national musical symbol of Armenia.[5] A double reed is a type of reed used to produce sound in various wind instruments. ... Binomial name Prunus armeniaca L. For other uses, see Apricot (disambiguation). ... Trunks A tree trunk as found at the Veluwe, The Netherlands Wood is a solid material derived from woody plants, notably trees but also shrubs. ... In music theory, a diatonic scale (from the Greek diatonikos, to stretch out; also known as the heptatonia prima; set form 7-35) is a seven-note musical scale comprising five whole-tone and two half-tone steps, in which the half tones are maximally separated. ... In music, an octave (sometimes abbreviated 8ve or P8) is the interval between one musical note and another with half or double its frequency. ... Color is an important part of the visual arts. ... A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to make music. ...

A duduk mouthpiece
A duduk mouthpiece

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 400 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 750 pixel, file size: 637 KB, MIME type: image/png) Mouthpiece from a duduk purchased in Yerevan, Armenia in 1999 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 400 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 750 pixel, file size: 637 KB, MIME type: image/png) Mouthpiece from a duduk purchased in Yerevan, Armenia in 1999 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

History

The duduk is one of the oldest double reed instruments in the world which dates back over 3,000 years. Variants of the duduk can be found in Armenia and the Caucasus. The roots of Armenian duduk music go back to the times of the Armenian king Tigran the Great (95-55 BC)[citation needed]. The instrument is depicted in numerous Armenian manuscripts of the Middle Ages.[6] It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ...


Balkan Duduk

While the term duduk mostly refers to a double reed instrument, it sometimes also refers to a kind of blocked-end flute, which in some part of Macedonia is also called kaval or kavalce. Made of maple or other wood, it comes in two sizes: 700-780mm and 240-400mm (duduce). The blocked end is flat. Playing the duduk is fairly straightforward and easy, thus it is widely used throughout Macedonia. Its sound is clean and pleasant. A double reed is a type of reed used to produce sound in various wind instruments. ... A 1919 Kaval. ...

A duduk player
A duduk player

Picture of a duduk player I took last year This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Picture of a duduk player I took last year This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ...

Use in popular media

The duduk was introduced to western popular music through Peter Gabriel's soundtrack album Passion for the controversial film The Last Temptation of Christ (1988), which featured virtuoso duduk player Vatche Hovsepian. Peter Brian Gabriel (born 13 February 1950, in Chobham, Surrey, England) is an English musician. ... Passion: Music for The Last Temptation of Christ is a musical album produced in 1989 by Peter Gabriel. ... The Last Temptation of Christ, (in Greek O Teleutaios Peirasmos, Ο Τελευταίος Πειρασμός) also published as The Last Temptation, is a novel written by Nikos Kazantzakis, first published in 1951. ... A virtuoso (from Italian virtuoso, late Latin virtuosus, Latin virtus meaning: skill, manliness, excellence) is an individual who possesses outstanding technical ability at singing or playing a musical instrument. ... Vatche Hovsepian (sometimes credited as Vatche Housepian) is a duduk player. ...


Duduk performances, with its haunting exotic sound, have since become a commonplace in film and television scores, such as The Hulk, The Siege, Ararat, Dead Man Walking, Syriana, Alexander, The Crow. The current trend for using it in film and television was started by the world-renowned duduk player Djivan Gasparyan who collaborated with composer Hans Zimmer for the film Gladiator (2000). The Incredible Hulk The Hulk, often called The Incredible Hulk, is a Marvel Comics superhero. ... For other uses, see The Siege (disambiguation). ... Ararat is a 2002 film directed, written, and co-produced by Atom Egoyan about the Armenian Genocide, an event that is denied by the government of Turkey. ... Dead Man Walking is a 1995 film based on the book of the same name, which tells the story of Sister Helen Prejean (played by Susan Sarandon), who establishes a special relationship with Matthew Poncelet, a prisoner on death row (played by Sean Penn). ... Syriana is a 2005 Academy Award-winning geopolitical thriller film written and directed by Stephen Gaghan. ... Alexander is a 2004 epic motion picture film, based on the life of Alexander the Great. ... The Crow is a 1994 American film adaptation of the comic book of the same name by James OBarr (who himself makes a cameo in the film). ... Djivan Gasparyan (b. ... Hans Florian Zimmer (born September 12, 1957) is an Academy Award, Grammy, and Golden Globe award-winning film score composer from Germany. ... Gladiator is a 2000 movie directed by Ridley Scott, and starring Russell Crowe and Joaquin Phoenix. ...


The contemporary Milanese composer and pianist Ludovico Einaudi's 1999 album Eden Roc features the Duduk performed on the tracks Yerevan and Odessa. Einaudi also uses the Duduk in the score to the televised Channel 4 remake of Dr Zhivago. Ludovico Einaudi Ludovico Einaudi (Born in Turin, 1955) is a modern-day italian composer and pianist particularly noted for the use of developing melodious phrases in his piano compositions. ... Eden Roc (1999) is a music album by the Italian pianist Ludovico Einaudi. ... Doctor Zhivago (Доктор Живаго) is a story of a man torn between two women, set against the backdrop of the Russian Revolution, best known from the 1965 epic film adapted by Robert Bolt from the original novel by Boris Pasternak. ...


In 2002, System of a Down released the album "Toxicity" featuring the bonus track named "Arto" which intro is played on a duduk. System of a Down (also referred to as System or abbreviated as SOAD) is a four-piece, Grammy-award winning band, formed in 1995 in Los Angeles, California. ...


The opening song for the anime Yu-Gi-Oh! starts out with a duduk being played.[citation needed] The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Shonen Jump BANZAI! Shonen Jump Original run 1996 – March 2004 No. ...


A duduk solo played by Pedro Eustache ([1]) is featured on the soundtrack of The Passion of the Christ and on the track "Jenny Wren" on Paul McCartney's 2005 album Chaos and Creation in the Back Yard. Pedro Eustache (born 1959), is a Venezuelan flautist - World Music woodwinds-reeds-wind synthesizers composer who has studied classical music, jazz, Indian classical music, and Armenian music. ... This article is about the film. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an Academy Award and Grammy Award winning English singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist who first gained worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles. ... Chaos and Creation in the Back Yard is an album by Paul McCartney and was released in 2005. ...


In the film The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (2005), "A Narnia Lullaby" (performed onscreen by Mr. Tumnus (James McAvoy)) was played on duduk by Chris Bleth. The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe is a fantasy novel for children by C. S. Lewis. ... James Andrew McAvoy (April 21, 1979[1]) is a BAFTA-winning Scottish actor. ...


Composer Bear McCreary has used the instrument frequently in the soundtrack for the "re-imagined" Battlestar Galactica series. Bear McCreary (b. ... The Battlestar Galactica science fiction franchise, which began as a 1978 TV series, was reimagined in 2003 into the TV miniseries. ...


The instrument is played whenever Zuko, an antagonist on the Asian-influenced Avatar the Last Airbender, switches to his Blue Spirit alter ego. It is also the basis for the Tsungi horn, a fictional instrument used on the show. Prince Zuko is a fictional character voiced by Dante Basco on the Nickelodeon animated television series Avatar: The Last Airbender. ... Avatar: The Last Airbender (known as Avatar: The Legend of Aang in the UK) is an American animated television series airing on Nickelodeon since February 21, 2005. ...


The Duduk can also be heard in several cues from the soundtracks of the Myst computer games, most notably in a solo heard at the beginning of Myst III: Exile's main theme, and in the main theme of Myst IV: Revelation. Myst (or MYST) is a graphic adventure computer game designed and directed by the brothers Robyn and Rand Miller. ... Myst franchise Games Myst Riven Myst III: Exile Myst IV: Revelation Myst V: End of Ages Uru: Ages Beyond Myst Ages of: Myst Riven Myst III: Exile Myst IV: Revelation Uru Novels Myst: The Book of Atrus   Tiana   Dni Comic Books #0   #1 Miscellaneous Dni Ages   The... Myst franchise Games Myst Riven Myst III: Exile Myst IV: Revelation Myst V: End of Ages Uru: Ages Beyond Myst Ages of: Myst Riven Myst III: Exile Myst IV: Revelation Uru Novels Myst: The Book of Atrus   Tiana   Dni Comic Books #0   #1 Miscellaneous Dni Ages   The...


The soundtrack for the film September Tapes features duduk performances by Gunnard Doboze.


Experimental artist A. Molotkov uses duduk in an unconventional manner in his compositions([2])


See also

Turkish Zurna in Ottoman band For other meanings, see Zurna (disambiguation) and Surna (disambiguation) The Zurna (also called Surnay, birbynė, lettish horn, surla, sornai, zournas, zurma) is an Anatolian woodwind instrument. ... The Shvi (Armenian: Շվի) (pronounced sh-vee) which means whistle in Armenian, is a woodwind instrument with a libium mouth piece. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Moosiqi Asil or Persian music is the traditional and indigenous music of Persia and Persian-speaking countries: musiqi, the science and art of music, and moosiqi, the sound and performance of music (Sakata 1983). ... Armenia is situated close to the Caucasus Mountains, and its music is a mix of indigenous folk music, perhaps best-represented by Djivan Gasparyans well-known duduk music, as well as light pop, and extensive Christian music, due to Armenias status as the oldest Christian nation in the... Djivan Gasparyan (b. ... Dagestan is a region of Russia. ... Music of Azerbaijan includes various arrays of styles that reflect influences from the musics of the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Iran. ... Alihan Samedov (Azeri: Əlixan Səmədov) (born in 1964) is mostly known for his master expertises on wind instruments and Azerbaijan folk instruments. ...

Notes

  1. ^ The Armenian duduk as a "Masterpiece of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity" from the UNESCO's 2005 proclamation.
  2. ^ The Duduk: From Village Feasts to Hollywood Movies
  3. ^ "Beirut: Armenia's Gasparian enchants crowd" (November 30, 2004 article in Armenian Diaspora) "Jivan Gasparian, the 71 year-old Armenian musician world famous for his playing and composition on the duduk [...] prefers to call the duduk by its Armenian name, "dziranapogh" (apricot pipe), explaining that the word "duduk" has been used in reference to the instrument for no more than a century, when it was borrowed from the Russian word "dudka" - another kind of folk pipe instrument.".
  4. ^ The "duduk" article (in Russian) in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia
  5. ^ World Music: The Basics - Page 150 by Richard O. Nidel
  6. ^ http://www.unesco.org/culture/intangible-heritage/03eur_uk.htm

UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Title page of the 3rd ed. ...

External links

  • duduk.com
  • Duduk and Duduk Reed instructions
  • Audio World MP3
  • Ararat Music Online
  • Balkan Duduk
  • Duduk practical page - Information and tips on playing and caring for a duduk.
  • Pro music instruments master, duduk, zurna, bagpipe and much more, listen online demo
  • Duduk community on Yahoo
  • Jivan Gasparian - "Tribute"
  • Jivan Gasparian "Horovel"
  • Jivan Gasparian "Hin U Nor Husher"
  • Vatche Hovsepian "Duduk"

[az:Tütək]] A double reed is a type of reed used to produce sound in various wind instruments. ... The piccolo oboe is the smallest and highest pitched member of the oboe family. ... The piccolo heckelphone is a very rare woodwind instrument invented in 1904 by the firm of Wilhelm Heckel GmbH in Wiesbaden-Biebrich (Germany). ... The oboe is a double reed musical instrument of the woodwind family. ... Baroque oboe damore, Denner copy The oboe damore is a woodwind instrument. ... The cor anglais, or English horn, is a double reed woodwind musical instrument in the woodwind family. ... The bass oboe or baritone oboe is a double reed instrument in the woodwind family. ... Heckelphone The heckelphone is a musical instrument invented by Wilhelm Heckel and his sons, introduced in 1904. ... The contrabass oboe is a double reed woodwind instrument in the key of C, sounding two octaves lower than the standard oboe. ... // Small bassoons The bassoon family of double reed woodwind instruments is widely regarded as having only two members, unlike all of the other woodwind families, which have a multitude of varieties. ... The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor registers and occasionally even higher. ... This is a contrabassoon. ... // The Contraforte is a unique rendition of the common Contrabassoon, which was made to take the already strong and unique sound of the Contrabassoon and make it stronger. ... The sarrusophone is a family of transposing musical instruments patented and placed into production by Pierre-Louis Gautrot in 1856. ... The Soprano sarrusophone is a member of the sarrusophone family. ... The alto sarrusophone is the alto member of the sarrusophone family. ... A Triebert Tenor Sarrusophone from the 1920s The Bb tenor is a smaller type of sarrusophone, and has about the same range as a Tenor Saxophone. ... The baritone sarrusophone, otherwise known as combat bassoon, has about the same range as the baritone sax, and is about the same size as a contrabass sarrusophone, but is only wrapped around once, whilst the contrabass wraps around twice. ... The Bass Sarrusophone is the bass member of the sarrusophone family, with a range almost identical to a bass saxophone, and doesnt have a very rich history. ... This is a small-pipe EEb Contrabass Sarrusophone. ... The Rothphone is a sarrusophone built in saxophone form. ... The contrabassophone is a woodwind instrument, invented about 1847 by German bassoon maker Heinrich Joseph Haseneier. ... The reed contrabass in C, otherwise known as the contrabass(e) à anche, is a type of woodwind instrument. ... A tromboon The tromboon is a musical instrument made up of the reed and bocal of the bassoon attached to the body of a trombone instead of the trombone mouthpiece. ... A nude youth plays the aulos at a banquet: Attic red-figure cup by the Euaion Painter, ca. ... The oboe is a double reed musical instrument of the woodwind family. ... -1... The cornamuse is a windcap double reed instrument dating from the Renaissance period. ... The French Cromorne is an instrument that has caused musicologists some confusion. ... Various Crumhorns The crumhorn is a musical instrument of the woodwind family. ... The dulcian is a Renaissance bass woodwind instrument, with a double reed and a folded conical bore. ... The Hirtenschalmei (or shepherds shawm) is a late 20th century reconstruction following certain iconographical sources of a cylindrical double-reed wind-cap instrument with flaring bell; it produces a rather buzzy sound. ... Kortholt from Praetorius, Syntagma Musicum, Wolfenbüttel 1619 The kortholt is a musical instrument of the woodwind family. ... Oboe da caccia The oboe da caccia (literally hunting oboe in Italian) is a double reed woodwind instrument in the oboe family, pitched a fifth below the oboe and used primarily in the Baroque period of European classical music. ... Pommer or Bombard (French hautbois; Italian bombardo, bombar-done), the alto, tenor, bass, and contrabass members of the shawm or Schalmey family, and similar in function to the modern cor anglais, bass oboe, bassoon, and contrabassoon, although the bassoon familys direct ancestor was the dulcian/curtal family. ... The Renaissance Rackett is a double-reed Wind instrument related to the Bassoon. ... A sopranino rauschpfeife being played The rauschpfeife is a musical instrument of the woodwind family, originally popular in Europe in the mid-16th Century. ... The shawm was a Renaissance musical instrument of the woodwind family, made in Europe from the late 13th century until the 17th century. ... The algaita (also spelled alghaita, algayta or algheita) is a double reed wind instrument from Niger, particularly among the Hausa people. ... The rhaita or ghaita is a double reed instrument from Northern Africa. ... Guanzi The guan (管; pinyin: guÇŽn; literally pipe or tube) is a Chinese double reed wind instrument. ... The gyaling (also spelled gya ling or gya-ling) is a double reed shawm traditional to Tibet. ... The hichiriki (Japanese: 篳篥) is a double reed instrument of Japanese gagaku music. ... The hne (also spelled hnè) is a conical shawm used in the Music of Myanmar. ... The kèn bầu is a double reed wind instrument used in the traditional music of Vietnam. ... The Carnatic flute, also called kuzhal or pulangoil, is an 9 holed bamboo flute. ... In Arabic music, a mizmar is any single or double reed wind instrument. ... Nadaswaram, also spelt Nadhaswaram, and also called Nagaswaram, is one of the most popular classical instruments of south India and the worlds loudest non-brass acoustic instrument. ... Pi is the generic term for any of a variety of quadruple reed oboes used in the traditional music of Thailand. ... The piri (피리) is a Korean double reed instrument, used in both the folk and classical (court) music of Korea. ... For the movie refer to Shehnai (film) The shehnai is an aerophonic instrument which is thought to bring good luck, and as a result, is widely used in North India for marriages and [[processions]. This tube-like instrument gradually widens towards the lower end. ... Sorna (Persian سورنا, سُرنا sornā, also سورنای, سُرنای sornāy, also Surna and Surnay) is an ancient Iranian woodwind instrument. ... The sralai is the only wind instrument in the Pinn Peat ensemble. ... Two Suonas The suona (simplified: 唢呐; traditional: 嗩吶; also called the laba 喇叭 or haidi 海笛) is a Han Chinese shawm (oboe). ... Taapyeongso is a Korean instrument that is known as a metal-bell shawn. ... Turkish Zurna in Ottoman band For other meanings, see Zurna (disambiguation) and Surna (disambiguation) The Zurna (also called Surnay, birbynÄ—, lettish horn, surla, sornai, zournas, zurma) is an Anatolian woodwind instrument. ... A nude youth plays the aulos at a banquet: Attic red-figure cup by the Euaion Painter, ca. ... The bifora or pifara was a Sicilian double reed instrument of the oboe family, related to the ancient shawm and particularly to the piffero of the northern Italian Apennines. ... Bombardes from Kevrenn an Arvorig The bombarde is a French folk instrument from Brittany. ... // There are two types of shawms commonly used in Catalonia in Northern Spain. ... For the band, please see Dulzaina (band) The dulzaina is a Spanish double reed instrument in the oboe family. ... Musette can refer to several things: A type of bellows blown bagpipe found in rural France; also called musette de cour). ... The piffero is a double reed musical instrument with a conical bore, of the oboe family. ... Sopile (or rozenice named in Istra) are ancient traditional music instrument similarly to the nowadays oboa which is kept until todays on the region of Kvarner, Kastav, Vinodol, Island Krk and Istra. ... Tárogató The tárogató (Romanian: taragot) refers to two different woodwind instruments, both of them Hungarian. ... Turkish Zurna in Ottoman band For other meanings, see Zurna (disambiguation) and Surna (disambiguation) The Zurna (also called Surnay, birbynÄ—, lettish horn, surla, sornai, zournas, zurma) is an Anatolian woodwind instrument. ... The trompeta china, a Cuban traditional wind instrument, is actually the Chinese suona, an instrument in the oboe family introduced to Cuba by Chinese immigrants during the colonial period (specifically the late nineteenth century). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Duduk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (506 words)
The duduk (pronounced /doodook/) is a traditional woodwind instrument from the Caucasus region.
This English word is often used generically for a family of ethnic instruments including the doudouk in Armenia, the Kurdish duduk in Turkey, the duduki in Georgia, the duduka in Russia and Ukraine, and the daduk in Bulgaria.
The Armenian duduk as a "Masterpiece of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity" from the UNESCO's 2005 proclamation.
Gevorg Dabaghyan, Miniatures: Masterworks for Armenian Duduk (569 words)
From the informative folder we learn that the duduk's body must be carved from the root of the apricot tree, while the reed -- called "ramish" or "yegheg" -- is ideally cut from canes growing along the banks of the Arax river.
Consequently the duduk was used for representations of Middle Eastern love poems called "ashugh." Two of the CD's tracks are taken from the legacy of Sayat Nova (1717-1795), a prominent composer of ashugh from the Armenian community in Aleppo (Northern Syria).
Another motif is the "Makam," a term derived from the Arabic "maqama." This form of narrative verse was developed by Arabic and Persian-writing poets as early as the 10th century and soon it became considered as the epitome of lyrical prose.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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