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Encyclopedia > Duchy of Guelders

Guelders (Dutch Gelre, German Geldern) is the name of a historical duchy in the Low Countries. The present province of Gelderland (English also Guelders) in the Netherlands occupies most of the area of the former duchy. The duchy was named after the town of Geldern, which is now in Germany. The Low Countries are the countries on low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine and Meuse rivers— usually used in modern context to mean the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg (an alternate modern term, more often used today, is Benelux). ... Capital Arnhem Queens Commissioner Jan Kamminga Area  - Total  - % water 2nd 5137 km²  ?% Population  - Total (2004)  - Density 4th 1,966,929 379/km² Anthem Ons Gelderland For the historical duchy also called Gelderland, see Guelders Gelderland (English also Guelders) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern...


Guelders was often at war with the county of Holland and the bishopric of Utrecht, until the dukes of Burgundy acquired the whole area. The duchy was divided into four quarters: Holland is the common name in English referring to the Kingdom of the Netherlands (or exclusively its European part)--although this is incorrect from a Dutch perspective. ... Utrecht is the smallest province of the Netherlands, and is located in the center of the country. ... Coat of arms of the 2nd duchy of Burgundy and later of the French province of Burgundy Burgundy ( French: Bourgogne) is a historic region of France, inhabited in turn by Pre-Indo-European people, Celts ( Gauls), Romans ( Gallo-Romans), and various Germanic peoples, most importantly the Burgundians and the Franks. ...

When the northern Netherlands revolted against Philip II of Spain, the three northern quarters became part of the United Provinces, while the Upper Quarter remained a part of the Spanish Southern Netherlands. Arnhem is a municipality and a city in the east of the Netherlands, located on the Lower Rhine and the capital of the Gelderland province. ... The Veluwe is a forest-rich area in the middle of the Netherlands. ... Nijmegen (obsolete spellings: Nijmwegen, Nymegen, Nieumeghen — known in German as Nimwegen, French as Nimègue, and Spanish as Nimega) is a municipality and a city in the east of the Netherlands, near the German border. ... Satellite image of the upper part of the Rhine-Meuse delta showing the Betuwe region (5). ... Zutphen (old alternate spelling: Zutfen) is a municipality and a town in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands on the right bank of the IJssel at the influx of the Berkel, and a junction station 29 km by rail N.N.E. of Arnhem. ... Roermond is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Limburg is the southern-most of the twelve provinces of the Netherlands, located in the south-east of the country. ... Philip II of Spain (Spanish: Felipe II) - (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598), the first King of Spain understood as the whole peninsula of Hispania (r. ... This article is about the Dutch United Provinces. ... The Southern Netherlands were a portion of the Low Countries controlled by Spain (1579-1713), Austria (1713-1794) and France (1794-1815) that became separated from the United Provinces during the Eighty Years War (1568-1648) after the Oath of Abjuration of 1581. ...


At the Treaty of Utrecht, ending the War of the Spanish Succession in 1713, the Spanish Upper Quarter was divided between Prussia (a.o. Geldern, Viersen, Horst, Venray), the United Provinces (a.o. Venlo, Montfort, Echt), Austria (a.o. Roermond, Niederkrüchten, Weert) and the duchy of Jülich (Erkelenz). The Treaty of Utrecht, a series of treaties signed in 1713, helped end the War of the Spanish Succession. ... Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ... Events April 11 - War of the Spanish Succession: Treaty of Utrecht June 23 - French residents of Acadia given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia Canada first Orrery built by George Graham Ongoing events Great Northern War (1700-1721) War of the Spanish Succession (1702-1713... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... Viersen is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... In physical geography and geology, a horst is the raised fault block bounded by normal faults. ... Venray is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Venlo is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Ambt Montfort is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Echt-Susteren is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Roermond is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... This is about the city in the Netherlands. ...

Contents

Counts and Dukes of Guelders

House of Wassenberg

The first count of Guelders was Count Gerard IV of Wassenberg. For Guelders, he was of course numbered Gerard I. During Reinoud III's reign, the county of Guelders became a duchy.

  • Gerard I (before 1096-about 1129)
  • Gerard II "the tall" (abt 1129-about 1131)
  • Henry I (about 1131-1182)
  • regent: Gerard III (about 1160-about 1181), eldest son of Henry I
  • Otto I (1182-1207), youngest son of Henry I
  • Gerard IV 1207-1229)
  • Otto II "the lame" (1229-1271)
  • Reinoud I (1271-1318)
  • Reinoud II "the black" (1318-1343)
  • Reinoud III "the fat" (1343-1361)
  • regent: Eleonor, daughter of Edward III of England, wife of Reinoud II (1343-1344)
  • Edward, younger brother of Reinoud III (1361-1371)
  • Reinoud III "the fat" (1371)

Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was one of the most successful English kings of medieval times. ...

House of Jülich-Hengebach

  • William I, nephew of Reinoud III and Edward (1371-1402)
  • regent: William II of Jülich, William's father (1371-1377)
  • Reinoud IV, brother of William I (1402-1423)

House of Egmond

  • Arnold of Egmond, grandson of Reinoud IV's sister (1423-1465)
  • regent: John II of Egmond, Arnold's father (1423-1436)
  • Adolf of Egmond, son of Arnold (1465-1471)
  • Arnold of Egmond (again; 1471-1473)

Bergen (population: 31,738 in 2004) is a municipality in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ...

House of Valois

The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328- 1589. ... Charles the Bold Charles, called the Bold (French: Charles le Téméraire) (November 10, 1433 – 1477) was Duke of Burgundy from 1467 to 1477. ... Mary of Burgundy Mary (February 13, 1457 – March 27, 1482), duchess of Burgundy, only child of Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy, and his wife Isabella of Bourbon, was born on February 13 1457. ...

House of Habsburg

Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Emperor Maximilian I Maximilian I of Habsburg (March 22, 1459 - January 12, 1519) was Holy Roman Emperor Life and reign in the Habsburg hereditary lands Maximilian was born in Vienna as the son of the Emperor Frederick III and Eleanore of Portugal. ...

House of Egmond

Charles the Bold had forced Arnold of Egmond to sell him the duchy of Guelders. He was recognized by the emperor as duke of Guelders, but the Egmonds had not abandoned their own claims. Adolf's son Charles of Egmond conquered the duchy in 1492. He remained in power with support of the French king. Only in 1543 did the Habsburg emperor Charles V gained control of Guelders again. Events January 2 - Boabdil, the last Moorish King of Granada, surrenders his city to the army of Ferdinand and Isabella after a lengthy siege. ... Events February 21 - Battle of Wayna Daga - A combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeat the armies of Adal led by Ahmed Gragn. ...

Charles of Egmond (1467- June 30, 1538) was Duke of Guelders between 1492 and his death. ...

House of Cleves

  • William "the rich" 1538-1543

House of Habsburg


  Results from FactBites:
 
Guelders - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (451 words)
Guelders (Dutch: Gelre, German: Geldern) is the name of a historical duchy in the Low Countries.
Guelders was often at war with the county of Holland and the bishopric of Utrecht, until the dukes of Burgundy acquired the whole area.
Adolf's son Charles of Egmond conquered the duchy in 1492.
Guelders - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (524 words)
Guelders (Dutch: Gelre, German: Geldern) is the name of a historical duchy in the Low Countries.The present province of Gelderland (English also Guelders) in the Netherlands occupies most of the area of the former duchy.The duchy was named after the town of Geldern, which is now in Germany.
Guelders was often at war with the county of Holland and the bishopric of Utrecht, until the dukes of Burgundy acquired the whole area.The duchy was divided into four quarters:
Guelders, Counts and Dukes of Guelders, House of Wassenberg, House of J├╝lich-Hengebach, House of Egmond, House of Valois, House of Habsburg, House of Egmond, House of Cleves, House of Habsburg, External links and States of the Holy Roman Empire.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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