FACTOID # 8: Bookworms: Vermont has the highest number of high school teachers per capita and third highest number of librarians per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Duchy of Cleves

The Duchy of Cleves (Herzogtum Kleve) was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in present Germany (part of North Rhine-Westphalia) and the Netherlands (parts of Limburg, Noord-Brabant and Gelderland). Its territory was situated on both sides of the river Rhine, around its capital Cleves and roughly covering today's districts of Cleves, Wesel and the City of Duisburg. The double-headed eagle The Holy Roman Empire was a mainly Germanic conglomeration of lands in Central Europe during the Middle Ages and the early modern period. ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen, usually shortened to: NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest Federal State of Germany. ... Capital Maastricht Queens Commissioner L.J.P.M. (Leon) Frissen Religion (1999) Roman Catholic 80% Protestant 3% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   2,153 km² (9th) 56 km² Population (2005)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,135,962 (6th) 528/km² (4th) Inclusion 1839 Anthem In t Bronsgroen Eikenhout ISO NL-LI Official website... North Brabant (Dutch: Noord-Brabant) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the south of the country, bordered by Belgium in the south, the Meuse River (Maas) in the north, Limburg in the east and Zeeland in the west. ... Capital Arnhem Queens Commissioner Clemens Cornielje Religion (1999) Protestant 31% Catholic 29% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   4,975 km² (1st) 161 km² Population (2005)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,970,865 (4th) 393/km² (6th) Inclusion {{{inclusion}}} Anthem Ons Gelderland ISO NL-GE Official website www. ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (Dutch Rijn, French Rhin, German Rhein, Italian: Reno, Romansch: Rein, ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... Map of Germany showing Cleves Cleves (in German Kleve, sometimes used in English as well; Dutch: Kleef) is a city in the north-west of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany, near the Dutch border and the river Rhine, at 51°47′N 6°11′E. Population: 49,398 (2002), Area... Cleves (Kleve in German and these days also usually in English) is a Kreis (local-government district) in northwestern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Wesel is a Kreis (district) in the norther-western part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Duisburg is a German city and port in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. ...


The county of Cleves (Grafschaft Kleve) was first mentioned in the 11th century. In 1417, the county became a duchy. Its history is closely related to that of its neighbours: the duchies of Jülich, Berg and Guelders and the county of Mark. In 1368, Cleves and Mark were united. In 1521 Jülich, Berg, Cleves and Mark formed the united duchies of Jülich-Cleves-Berg. As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Events Antipope Benedict XIII is deposed, and Pope Martin V is elected. ... The Duchy of Jülich was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in present Germany (part of North Rhine-Westphalia) and the Netherlands (part of Limburg). ... Berg was a medieval territory in todays North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... For the present province also called Guelders in English, see Gelderland. ... Mark was a medieval territory in todays North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Events Timur ascends throne of Samarkand. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ... Jülich-Cleves-Berg was a combination of states of the Holy Roman Empire. ...


When the last duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg died issueless in 1609, a war broke out for the succession. The duchy was divided between Palatinate-Neuburg (Jülich and Berg) and Brandenburg (Cleves and Mark). However, large parts of the duchy of Cleves were occupied by the United Provinces until 1672. After the French occupation in the Seven Years' War (1757-1762), Cleves came to Prussia. // Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ... A palatinate is a territory administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign, but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ...   (Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska) is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). ... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Great Britain Hanover Kingdom of Ireland Portugal Brunswick Hesse-Kassel Austria France Russia Sweden Spain Saxony The Seven Years War (1754 and 1756–1763), some of the theatres of which are called the Pomeranian War and the French and Indian War (see below), was... 1757 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Polish: ; Old Prussian: PrÅ«sa) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had substantial influence on German and European history. ...


In 1795 the part of the duchy of Cleves left of the Rhine and Wesel were occupied by France, and became part of the French département of the Roer. The rest of the duchy was occupied between 1803 and 1805, and became part of the département Yssel-Supérieur and the napoleonic puppet-state Grand Duchy of Berg (after 1811 the département Lippe). In 1815, after the defeat of Napoleon, the duchy became part of the Prussian province Jülich-Cleves-Berg (after 1822 the Prussian Rhine Province), except for a.o. the cities Gennep, Zevenaar and Huissen which became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Wesel is a city (population about 61,689 in 2004) in Germany, located at the point where the Lippe River empties into the Rhine. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties. ... Roer is the name of a département of the First French Empire in present Germany and the Netherlands. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Yssel-Supérieur (Dutch: Boven IJssel) is the name of a département of the First French Empire in the present Netherlands. ... ... Berg was a medieval territory in todays North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... 1811 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Lippe is the name of a département of the First French Empire in present Germany. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Polish: ; Old Prussian: PrÅ«sa) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had substantial influence on German and European history. ... The province of the Jülich-Cleves-Berg (red}, within the Kingdom of Prussia (blue), within the German Confederation (member states in black). ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Rhineland (Rheinland in German) is the general name for the land on both sides of the river Rhine in the west of Germany. ... Gennep is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Zevenaar is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Lingewaard is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. ... Map of the kingdom United Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815 - 1830) (1839) (Dutch: Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, French: Royaume-Uni des Pays-Bas and German: Vereinigte Königreich der Niederlande) were the unofficial names used to refer to a new unified European state created during the Congress of Vienna in...


Rulers of Cleves

  • 1092-1119 Dietrich I
  • 1119-1147 Arnold I
  • 1147-1172 Dietrich II
  • 1172-1188 Dietrich III
  • 1188-1198 Dietrich IV
  • 1198-1201 Arnold II
  • 1201-1260 Dietrich V
  • 1260-1275 Dietrich VI
  • 1275-1305 Dietrich VII von Meissen
  • 1305-1311 Otto
  • 1311-1347 Dietrich VIII
  • 1347-1368 Johann
  • 1368-1394 Adolf III
  • 1394-1398 Dietrich IX
  • 1398-1448 Adolf IV
  • 1448-1481 Johann I-father of Engelbert, Count of Nevers
  • 1481-1521 Johann II "The Pious"
  • 1511-1539 Johann III "The Peaceful"
  • 1539-1592 Wilhelm "The Rich"
  • 1592-1609 Johann Wilhelm

Engelbert of Cleves, Count of Nevers (ca. ... John III, The Peaceful, Duke of Kleve-Mark, (German: Johann III Der Friedfertige, Herzog von Kleve-Jülich-Berg) (10 November 1490 - 6 February 1538/9) was a son of Johann II der Kindermacher Duke of Kleve-Mark and Matilda von Hessen. ... William The Rich Wilhelm The Rich, Duke of Jülich-Kleve-Berg (Wilhelm der Reiche, Herzog von Jülich-Kleve-Berg) (28 July 1516 - 05 January 1592) was the only son of Johann III, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Maria von Geldern and took over rule of his... John William (Johann Wilhelm, Herzog zu Kleve, Julich und Berg) (28 May 1562 - 25 March 1609) was a Duke of Julich-Cleves-Berg. ...

External links

  • Edicts of Jülich, Cleves, Berg, Grand Duchy Berg, 1475-1815 (Coll. Scotti) online
  • Settlement of Dortmund between Brandenburg and Palatinate-Neuburg and the conflict of succession in Jülich, in full text
  • Map of the Duchy of Cleves in 1789

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m